Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 12, 2015
Metrobus ready to become mobile farmers market
The St. Louis MetroMarket is a nonprofit mobile farmers market that aims to restore access to healthy foods in St.

UT study compares active video gaming to unstructured outdoor play
The increasing use of video games is often blamed for children's lack of interest in physical activity, but a study by the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, recently published in the Games for Health Journal suggests that active video games may actually be a source of moderate or intense physical activity in children five to eight years old.

Half of veterans who died from opioid overdoses also received benzos
In a recent study, nearly half of all veterans who died from drug overdoses while prescribed opioids for pain were also receiving benzodiazepines, or benzos, which are common medications for the treatment of anxiety, insomnia and alcohol withdrawal.

UGA researchers find potential treatment for fatal lung diseases
Researchers at the University of Georgia have discovered that the drug triciribine may reverse or halt the progression of pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension, two respiratory diseases that are almost invariably fatal.

The 'return' of the hazel dormouse to the Iberian Peninsula
Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country discover remains corresponding to the Quarternary period of this rodent thought to have disappeared from this area 4.5 million years previously.

TAML catalysts safely and effectively remove estrogenic compounds from wastewater
Catalysts created by Carnegie Mellon University chemist Terrence J. Collins effectively and safely remove a potent and dangerous endocrine disruptor from wastewater.

Interventions among healthy people save the most lives
Mortality from coronary heart disease declined in Sweden from 1986 to 2002.

US Army grant will help researcher examine knowledge hoarding in the workplace
Chunke Su, a UT Arlington associate professor of communication, will use a US Army grant to examine when and why workers hide key information from colleagues on the job.

Photons in fock space and beyond
In World Scientific's latest book on 'Photons in Fock Space and Beyond,' authors Alfred Rieckers and Reinhard Honegger discuss the fact that many actual applications of light perform with mesoscopic material systems, in which the quantum features are combined with classical collective aspects.

Disney research creates click-and-drag interface enabling rapid video object segmentation
Investigators at Disney Research Zurich have developed a method for achieving very accurate object segmentation of video by enabling human editors to work efficiently with state-of-the-art algorithms using a click-and-drag interface.

Early RA patients have impaired myocardial and vascular function at early stage of disease
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) demonstrated for the first time that treatment-naive patients with early Rheumatoid Arthritis have myocardial and vascular abnormalities, even at the earliest stage of their disease.

Vijay Tiwari receives Wilhelm Sander-Stiftung Award 2015
Dr. Vijay Tiwari of the Institute of Molecular Biology in Mainz is awarded the 'Förderpreis der Wilhelm Sander-Stiftung' in celebration of the foundation's 40th anniversary.

Study may help Department of Veterans Affairs find patients with high risk of suicide
NIMH and VA scientists used VA health data to identify very small groups of patients with very high, predicted suicide risk -- most of the individuals had not been identified for suicide risk by clinicians.

NASA's Terra Satellite Sees tropical cyclone Ashobaa landfall in Oman
Tropical cyclone Ashobaa made landfall along Oman's eastern coast early on June 12, 2015 (EDT), as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.

The review of scientific studies in journals is subjective and the quality is variable
Peer reviews in science, in which independent scientists who are experts on the subject assess the paper, is the current strategy for ensuring quality and control in scientific research and, therefore, it is essential for the academic world.

ED worsened, testosterone levels decreased by some treatments of prostate enlargement
Men with benign prostate enlargement who used finasteride to treat their condition, experienced worsening erectile dysfunction that did not resolve with continued treatment.

We are entering a 'golden age' of animal tracking
Animals wearing new tagging and tracking devices give a real-time look at their behavior and at the environmental health of the planet, say research associates at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in the June 12 issue of Science magazine.

Cancer research at RI Hospital gets $5.8 million boost from the NIH
The National Institutes of Health has awarded Rhode Island Hospital $5.8 million to support the hospital's cancer research program.

Biologics improve productivity and reduce missed workdays in rheumatic disease
The results of a systematic review of published studies presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) press conference showed that biologics improve both absenteeism (not showing up for work) and presenteeism (being at work but not functioning fully) in patients with chronic inflammatory arthritides.

Validated measurements of fatigue should be used to optimize its treatment in RA
Three new studies presented at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) have provided valuable guidance on measuring fatigue and optimizing its treatment in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients, and in patients with other rheumatic diseases.

Cell density remains constant as brain shrinks with age
New, ultra-high-field magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the brain by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago provide the most detailed images to date to show that while the brain shrinks with age, brain cell density remains constant.

What are you looking at?
Dogs are known to be excellent readers of human body language.

Novel method identifies children with rheumatic disease eligible for life-saving vaccine
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) Press Conference showed that the chickenpox vaccine can be effective and safe even in children with pediatric rheumatic disease receiving immunosuppression treatment.

With pilot plant inaugurated, Swiss PV start-up Flisom ready to take off
At the inauguration of its pilot production plant near Zurich, Swiss start-up Flisom -- that develops innovative technologies for manufacturing flexible low-cost, high-performance thin film solar cells based on copper-indium-gallium-(di)selenide -- secured another investment of CHF 10 million following an earlier investment of CHF 42.5 million just two years ago.

Scripps Florida scientists identify a potential new treatment for osteoporosis
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a new therapeutic approach that, while still preliminary, could promote the development of new bone-forming cells in patients suffering from bone loss.

Grand Challenges Canada thanks government of Canada for renewed commitment to improving health
The Government of Canada today committed a further CDN $161 million (US $130 million) to continue the work of Grand Challenges Canada in improving the health of mothers, newborns and children in the developing world.

New, robust and inexpensive technique for protein analysis in tissues
A new technique to study proteins, which does not require advanced equipment, specialized labs or expensive reagents, has been developed at Uppsala University, Sweden.

Severely impaired stroke survivors regain arm function after intensive physical therapy
Time may heal all wounds, but in the case of stroke survivors, the key to better recovery is to spend more time in an intensive physical therapy program, according to a University of Florida Health study.

Why obesity predisposes to severe respiratory failure
A hormone that regulates blood sugar levels may be the key to reducing the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome in obese patients.

Mechanism regulating gene expression linked to bone and joint damage in AS
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) Press Conference revealed that DNA methylation -- a mechanism that regulates gene expression -- could influence the progression of structural damage to the joints and spine in ankylosing spondylitis.

New research initiative at Stanford to comprehensively study the use of natural gas
Stanford University's Natural Gas Initiative will research many questions related to the responsible development of natural gas as a fuel supply in the United States and around the world.

Inspiratory muscle training improves lung function in ankylosing spondylitis
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) showed that inspiratory muscle training (IMT) significantly improves lung strength and efficiency in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a condition often associated with breathing difficulties.

Major health consequences for individuals with severe dental anxiety
Adults who suffer from severe dental anxiety are often dissatisfied with their appearance.

Argonne scientists announce first room-temperature magnetic skyrmion bubbles
Researchers at UCLA and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new method for creating magnetic skyrmion bubbles at room temperature.

Ultrasound identifies RA patients in clinical remission who need more intensive treatment
Two new studies presented at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) have shown the importance of using ultrasound to identify those Rheumatoid Arthritis patients in clinical remission who would benefit from more intensive treatment.

Nearly half of African-American women know someone in prison
African-American adults -- particularly women -- are much more likely to know or be related to someone behind bars than whites, according to the first national estimates of Americans' ties to prisoners.

Setting the circadian clock
Scientists led by the pioneering Harvard synthetic biologist Pamela Silver, Ph.D., have harnessed the circadian mechanism found in cyanobacteria to transplant the circadian wiring into a common species of bacteria that is naturally non-circadian.

Behavior matters: Redesigning the clinical trial
Clinical trials are used to test the latest drugs and treatments, but few of these trials track how human behavior influences the effectiveness of these therapeutics.

How to manage pain in the ER: Ask the patient
Simply asking the question, 'Do you want more pain medication?' resulted in satisfactory pain control in 99 percent of emergency department patients participating in a study.

The secrets of bone marrow: What leads to healthy blood cell production?
The Medical College of Wisconsin has received a five-year, $635,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to identify new potential treatments for diseases that inhibit the growth of blood cells and diseases in which the blood cells develop abnormally.

Study links gene to aggressive form of brain cancer
Scientists have identified a gene mutation linked to the development of an aggressive form of brain cancer.

DFG increases research fellowship amounts for recent postdoctoral researchers
DFG gives postdoctoral researchers more money to conduct their first independent research projects outside of Germany.

New treatment approach to limit damage after joint bleed
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) identified that the cytokine Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a crucial factor in the development of blood-induced cartilage damage.

Increased carbon dioxide levels in air restrict plants' ability to absorb nutrients
The rapidly rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere affect plants' absorption of nitrogen, which is the nutrient that restricts crop growth in most terrestrial ecosystems.

Mini-breast grown in Petri dishes -- a new tool for cancer research
About 70,000 Women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in Germany alone.

Hepatitis B vaccine less effective in rheumatoid arthritis patients
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) press conference showed that people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are less likely to be protected by hepatitis B vaccination than the general population.

New Grand Canyon age research focuses on western Grand Canyon
The age of the Grand Canyon has been studied for years, with recent technological advances facilitating new attempts to determine when erosion of this iconic canyon began.

Exercise with a physiotherapist helps people with depression
Exercise has a positive effect on depression -- so reveals a dissertation written at the Sahlgrenska Academy.

EORTC opens prospective registry for patients with melanoma
Sentinel node biopsy is the standard staging procedure for melanoma patients, and sentinel node status is the most important prognostic factor for disease outcome in AJCC stage I/II disease.

Older asthma patients at increased risk for treatment failure
Older patients with asthma are at increased risk for treatment failure, particularly those patients being treated with inhaled corticosteroids, according to a new study.

Stone tools from Jordan point to dawn of division of labor
Charcoal samples enable remarkably accurate estimates of 40,000 to 45,000 years ago for the earliest Upper Paleolithic stone tools in the Near East.

Vitamin D shows promise for treating Crohn's disease in pilot study
New research published in this month's edition of United European Gastroenterology journal suggests that supplementation with vitamin D may impact on the intestinal barrier dysfunction associated with Crohn's disease, and could have a role in the treatment of the condition.

Autoimmunity: New immunoregulation and biomarker
Clinicians at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have elucidated a mechanism involved in determining the lifespan of antibody-producing cells, and identified a promising new biomarker for monitoring autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and lupus erythematosus.

Recurrent major depressive disorder and use of antidepressants associated with lower bone density
A recent study from the University of Eastern Finland in collaboration with Deakin University, Australia, shows that recurrent major depressive disorder in men is associated with lower bone density.

Scientists map surface of immune cells
The immune system must constantly adapt to its environment in order to protect a body effectively.

Physical activity decreases over time at all levels of COPD severity, leading to further decline
Physical activity decreases substantially over time in patients with COPD at all levels of severity, according to a new study from researchers in Germany.

Tropical Storm Carlos lingering off Mexico's southwestern coast
NOAA's GOES-West satellite is keeping an eye on slowly developing Tropical Storm Carlos as it lingers of the southwestern coast of Mexico.

Spanish software tracks the source of fecally polluted water
Spanish scientists have developed a new piece of software to predict the source of fecal pollution in seas, reservoirs and rivers.

World's largest scientific forum on nuclear explosion detection
The CTBT: Science and Technology 2015 Conference will bring together key scientists, verification and nuclear arms control experts from around the world.
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