Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 15, 2015
ALK1 protein may play a role in breast cancer metastasis
Breast cancer patients with high levels of the protein activin-like receptor kinase (ALK1) in the blood vessels of their tumors were more likely to develop metastatic disease.

Body's response to injury and inflammation may hinder wound healing in diabetes
In a study published online in Nature Medicine, scientists from the hospital's Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine (PCMM) found they could speed up wound healing in diabetic mice by keeping immune cells called neutrophils from producing bacteria-trapping neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs).

SAGE to launch the Journal of Connectivity in November 2015
Today SAGE announced that it is to launch the Journal of Connectivity, edited by Ron Summers, Loughborough University and Zhipeng Wu, University of Manchester, in partnership with the Institute of Measurement and Control.

Why did the dinosaur cross the equator...but choose not to live there?
New research from the University of Southampton and international partners has uncovered the mystery of why large Triassic dinosaurs took more than 30 million years to populate the tropics.

Medical and health care challenges for lesbian and bisexual women highlighted in LGBT Health special
More than one-third of African-American lesbian or bisexual women reported a negative experience with a heath-care provider and many of those women did not seek medical care the next time they were ill, according to a study published in LGBT Health.

Researchers discover new enzyme, link to iron in vitamin A synthesis
A research team's discovery of new information about how plants synthesize carotenoids, precursors for vitamin A that are essential for plant development and survival, and human health, could help scientists increase the levels of provitamin A in food crops and reduce global vitamin A deficiency.

Students' unions attempts to oppose consumerism are rarely successful, new research finds
A new study, published in the British Journal of Sociology of Education, has found that while students' unions often try to oppose the rise of consumerism at their universities, they are rarely successful.

Polar bears aren't the only victims of climate change
From heat waves to damaged crops to asthma in children, climate change is a major public health concern, argues a Michigan State University researcher in a new study.

NSF awards $12 million to spur an engineering education revolution
To solve 21st century technological challenges, society will rely upon today's undergraduate engineering and computer science programs and their ability to prepare diverse communities of students with professional skills.

Unraveling the link between brain and lymphatic system
In a study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, researchers working at the Wihuri Research Institute and the University of Helsinki report a surprising finding that challenges current anatomy and histology textbook knowledge: Lymphatic vessels are found in the central nervous system where they were not known to exist.

Love and money: How low-income dads really provide
Low-income fathers who might be labeled 'deadbeat dads' often spend as much on their children as parents in formal child-support arrangements, but they choose to give goods like food and clothing rather than cash.

Bacteria could help clean groundwater contaminated by uranium ore processing
A strain of bacteria that 'breathes' uranium may hold the key to cleaning up polluted groundwater at sites where uranium ore was processed to make nuclear weapons.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Carlos hugging Mexico's west coast
Tropical Storm Carlos approached the southwestern coast of Mexico over the past weekend of June 13-14, and satellite imagery shows the storm continues to hug the coast.

Wayne State research team issued patent for new anesthesia monitoring technology
A team of researchers from Wayne State University was recently issued a US patent (# 8,998,808) on a technology that will offer anesthesiologists better methods for monitoring and managing patients in the operating room.

UK hospital post mortems on verge of extinction, survey reveals
The UK hospital post mortem is on the verge of extinction, having already disappeared completely in around a quarter of NHS trusts, reveals a survey published online in the Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Newfound groups of bacteria are mixing up the tree of life
Bacteria, one of the three major branches of the tree of life, are a fuzzy bit of foliage.

Scientists find genetic variants key to understanding origins of ovarian cancer
New research by an international team including Keck Medicine of USC scientists is bringing the origins of ovarian cancer into sharper focus.

Microbe mobilizes 'iron shield' to block arsenic uptake in rice
University of Delaware researchers have discovered a soil microbe that mobilizes an 'iron shield' to block the uptake of toxic arsenic in rice.

University of Alberta scientists help public avoid health risks of toxic blue-green algae
As the hot summer season approaches, University of Alberta scientists are working to mitigate the human health risks of blue-green algae blooms, using a technique they've been refining for the past three years.

Law enforcement officers should be authorized to administer naloxone
This new research highlights law enforcement's overdose prevention efforts and addresses the legal risk associated with their administration of naloxone.

Group memberships boost self-esteem more than friends alone
Belonging to multiple groups that are important to you boosts self-esteem much more than having friends alone, new research has found.

Lung transplant survival rates good for Canadians with cystic fibrosis
The five-year survival rate for Canadians with cystic fibrosis who have received a lung transplant is 67 percent, new research finds.

People living in disadvantaged cities are at greater risk of suicide
The city where an individual lives can influence the risk of dying by suicide, according to a new study from sociologists at Rice University and the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Assisted reproduction not associated with reduced academic performance in adolescence
The academic performance of children conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART) is no better or worse than that of spontaneously conceived children when assessed at the ninth grade of their school education.

Scripps Florida study points to drug target for Huntington's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have established conclusively that an activating protein, called 'Rhes,' plays a pivotal role in focusing the toxicity of Huntington's in a section of the brain that controls body movement and may be involved in cognitive functions such as working memory.

Big dinosaurs steered clear of the tropics
For more than 30 million years after dinosaurs first appeared, they remained inexplicably rare near the equator, where only a few small-bodied meat-eating dinosaurs made a living.

Elder abuse is common around the world
A new global review reveals that elder abuse -- which includes psychological, physical, and sexual abuse; neglect; and financial exploitation -- is common among community-dwelling older adults and is especially prevalent among minority older adults

Environmental activism works, study shows
The environmental movement is making a difference -- nudging greenhouse gas emissions down in states with strong green voices, according to a Michigan State University study.

Chemists find efficient, scalable way to synthesize potential brain-protecting compound
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented the first practical, scalable method for synthesizing jiadifenolide, a plant-derived molecule that may have powerful brain-protecting properties.

Research shows parental behavior not affected by stress and anxiety of premature birth
Stress and worry of giving birth prematurely does not adversely affect a mother's parenting behavior, according to researchers at the University of Warwick.

New honeycomb-inspired design delivers superior protection from impact
Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a groundbreaking new energy-absorbing structure to better withstand blunt and ballistic impact.

New study finds that orange sweet potato reduces diarrhea in children
A new study has found that orange sweet potato (OSP) reduced both the prevalence and duration of diarrhea in young children in Mozambique.

Mutation in zinc transport protein may inhibit successful breastfeeding
Zinc plays an important role in a woman's ability to successfully breastfeed her child, according to health researchers.

New study finds battlegound state polling worked until 2012 election
A statistical analysis of poll performance in battleground states over the last three presidential elections shows polling firms produced estimates that were fairly accurate in 2004 and 2008, but underestimated support for President Obama in 2012, a new article reports.

Pharmacists play key role in improving patient health
Scot H. Simpson, professor in the Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Alberta, has been studying the role of pharmacists on primary care teams and has found they have a significant positive impact on the health of patients with Type 2 diabetes.

A new method of converting algal oil to transportation fuels
A new method of converting squalene, which is produced by microalgae, to gasoline or jet fuel, has been developed.

More dialysis patients living in poor neighborhoods
The percentage of adults beginning kidney dialysis who lived in zip codes with high poverty rates increased from 27.4 percent during the 1995-2004 time period to 34 percent in 2005-2010.

'Death-associated protein' promotes cancer growth in most aggressive breast cancers
Although traditionally understood to induce death in cancer cells, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that the DAPK1 protein is actually essential for growth in breast and other cancers with mutations in the TP53 gene.

Poor sleep associated with increased risk of heart attack and stroke
Poor sleep is associated with increased risk of heart attack and stroke, according to results from the WHO MONICA study.

Penn researchers develop a new type of gecko-like gripper
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania are developing a new kind of gripper, motivated by the ability of animals like the gecko to grip and release surfaces.

World's thinnest lightbulb -- graphene gets bright!
Led by James Hone's group at Columbia Engineering, a team of scientists from Columbia, SNU, and KRISS demonstrated -- for the first time -- an on-chip visible light source using graphene, an atomically thin and perfectly crystalline form of carbon, as a filament.

New calculations to improve CO2 monitoring from space
How light of different colors is absorbed by carbon dioxide (CO2) can now be accurately predicted using new calculations developed by a UCL-led team of scientists.

Vitamin D status related to immune response to HIV-1
Vitamin D plays an important part in the human immune response and deficiency can leave individuals less able to fight infections like HIV-1.

Patients struggle to stick to their diet when they choose a plan they like
Researchers say it's counterintuitive, but letting patients choose a diet plan based on personal preference may not help them lose weight.

Secrets of innovation revealed in study of global video game industry
From the adventures of Lara Croft in Tomb Raider to the apocalyptic drama of Fallout -- new research from the University of Warwick has revealed the secret to how some of the world's most iconic video games were created.

NOAA Fisheries mobilizes to gauge unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom
NOAA Fisheries' Northwest Fisheries Science Center in Seattle has mobilized extra scientists to join a fisheries survey along the West Coast to chart an extensive harmful algal bloom that spans much of the West Coast and has triggered numerous closures of important shellfish fisheries in Washington, Oregon and California.

Anonymous donor gives $20 million for cancer research at Wake Forest Baptist
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has received $20 million to study the effects of muscadine grape extract on prostate and breast cancers.

Active clinician support and assistance are critical to successfully quitting smoking
A new study from a Massachusetts General Hospital research team finds that, while primary care providers' simply asking patients with high-risk smoking histories about their smoking status did not increase patients' likelihood of quitting, providing more direct assistance -- such as talking about how to quit, recommending or prescribing nicotine replacement or pharmaceutical aids, and following up on recommendations -- significantly improved patients' success in becoming smoke-free.

Squid inspires camouflaging smart materials
Researchers from the University of Bristol have shown it is possible to create artificial skin that can be transformed at the flick of a switch to mimic one of nature's masters of camouflage, the squid.

European scientists discover previously unknown extreme star formation -- the 'Eye of Medusa'
NOEMA (Northern Extended Millimeter Array), the most powerful millimeter radio telescope of the Northern Hemisphere, has unveiled its first astronomical image: a unique and spectacular view of a previously unknown region of extreme star formation in the 'Medusa merger' -- a luminous collision of two galaxies at more than 100 million light years from Earth.

New study shows Arctic Ocean rapidly becoming more corrosive to marine species
New research by NOAA, University of Alaska, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the journal Oceanography shows that surface waters of the Chukchi and Beaufort seas could reach levels of acidity that threaten the ability of animals to build and maintain their shells by 2030, with the Bering Sea reaching this level of acidity by 2044.

Visualizing calcified coronary arteries may be wake-up call to change lifestyle
Looking at images of their own calcified coronary arteries may be a wake-up call for patients with newly diagnosed coronary artery disease to change their lifestyles, reveals new research.

Bistatic/multistatic synthetic aperture radar: Approaching the new era
Bistatic/multistatic SAR has attracted global attention and made remarkable progress recently.

Mouse with weaker bones, stronger metabolism points toward new diabetes therapies
One mouse with weak bones appears to have a strong metabolism, even on a high-fat diet, scientists report.

Lab mimicry opens a window to the deep interiors of stars and planets
The matter that makes up distant planets and even-more-distant stars exists under extreme pressure and temperature conditions.

Physicians should help families with decisions about end-of-life care
About 20 percent of Americans spend time in an intensive care unit around the time of their death, and most deaths follow a decision to limit life-sustaining therapies.

Conservation policies could improve human health
An analysis of four years of data on disease, climate, demographics, public health services and land use change in 700 municipalities within the Brazilian Amazon reveals that measures taken to protect ecosystems and the environment might also deliver public health benefits.

Vulnerabilities in genome's 'dimmer switches' should shed light on many complex diseases
Up to one-fifth of human DNA act as dimmer switches for nearby genes, but scientists have been unable to identify precisely which mutations in these control regions really matter in causing common diseases.

Air pollution may contribute to white matter loss in the brain
In a new study, older women who lived in places with higher air pollution had significantly reduced white matter in the brain.

Evolution study finds massive genome shift in one generation
A team of biologists from Rice University, the University of Notre Dame and three other schools has discovered that populations of an agricultural pest that began plaguing US apple growers in the 1850s likely did so after undergoing extensive genome-wide changes in a single generation.

View of 'nature as capital' uses economic value to help achieve a sustainable future
Researchers today outlined in a series of reports how governments, organizations and corporations are successfully moving away from short-term exploitation of the natural world and embracing a long-term vision of 'nature as capital' -- the ultimate world bank upon which the health and prosperity of both the human race and the planet depend.

Majority of adults favor ban on powdered alcohol
Adults across the country share the same top concern about the new alcohol-on-the-go product: potential misuse among underage youth.

Study provides insights on chronic lung disease
A new study shows that shorter telomeres -- which are the protective caps at the end of a cell's chromosomes -- are linked with worse survival in a progressive respiratory disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Exeter researchers lead international initiative to face devastating crop disease
Wheat is the most widely grown crop in the world and is worth around £1.8 billion to the UK economy.

Satellite animation shows System 91L developing in the Gulf of Mexico
The National Hurricane Center is keeping a close eye on a developing tropical low pressure area in the south-central Gulf of Mexico.

New open-access journal on Case Reports in Pancreatic Cancer launching fall 2015
Case Reports in Pancreatic Cancer, a new peer-reviewed, open-access journal from Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers, will deliver authoritative case reports on all aspects of pancreatic cancer diagnosis, management, treatment, and outcomes.

Temple researchers look into the brains of chronic itch patients
Researchers at Temple University School of Medicine may be closer to understanding why scratching evokes a rewarding and pleasurable sensation in patients with chronic itch.

First full genome of a living organism assembled using technology the size of smartphone
Researchers in Canada and the UK have for the first time sequenced and assembled de novo the full genome of a living organism, the bacteria Escherichia coli, using Oxford Nanopore's MinIONTM device, a genome sequencer that can fit in the palm of your hand.

A protective shield for sensitive catalysts
An international research team has found a way of protecting sensitive catalysts from oxygen-caused damage.

What fish ears can tell us about sex, surveillance and sustainability
Scientists at the University of Southampton have found a way to pry into the private lives of fish -- by looking in their ears.

Future Cardiology journal marks 10 years of publication with special issue
In recognition of 10 years of publication Future Cardiology has launched a special issue focused on recent advances and emerging challenges in specific areas of cardiology.

Toothed whales have survived millions of years without key antiviral proteins
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have determined that toothed whales lack functional Mx genes -- a surprising discovery, since all 56 other sequenced mammals in the study possess these genes to fight off viruses like HIV, measles and flu.

Existing drug used in transplants causes older rats to lose weight
Aging can cause many changes to the body, including obesity and a loss of lean mass.

Avocados may hold the answer to beating leukemia
Rich, creamy, nutritious and now cancer fighting. New research reveals that molecules derived from avocados could be effective in treating a form of cancer.

Ceremonial Act and Jubilee Ball of the Vetmeduni Vienna
The celebrations to mark the 250th anniversary of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna reach their peak at the end of this week.

Origins of Red Sea's mysterious 'cannon earthquakes' revealed in new study
For many generations, Bedouin people living in the Abu Dabbab area on the Egyptian Red Sea coast have heard distinct noises -- like the rumbling of a quarry blast or cannon shot -- accompanying small earthquakes in the region.

Theory turns to reality for nonlinear optical metamaterials
A research team has realized one of the long-standing theoretical predictions in nonlinear optical metamaterials: creation of a nonlinear material that has opposite refractive indices at the fundamental and harmonic frequencies of light.

Uterine transplantation: Subjects have 'adjusted well to their new life situation'
In October last year the Gothenburg, Sweden, group of Mats Brannstrom announced the world's first live birth following the transplantation of a donated uterus.

Mount Sinai scientists develop new technique for analyzing the epigenetics of bacteria
There is a potential new tool to combat pathogens and overcome antibiotic resistance.

Buckle up for fast ionic conduction
ETH material engineers found that the performance of ion-conducting ceramic membranes that are so important in industry depends largely on their strain and buckling profiles.

Genetic switch lets marine diatoms do less work at higher CO2
Rising CO2 lets diatoms return to their evolutionary roots, by skipping steps that concentrate CO2.

Randomized controlled trials must be simplified to sustain innovation
Randomized controlled trials must be simplified to sustain innovation in cardiovascular diseases, which are still the biggest killer in Europe, according to the Cardiovascular Round Table.

UA researchers discover component of cinnamon prevents colorectal cancer in mice
A study conducted by University of Arizona researchers from the College of Pharmacy and the UA Cancer Center proved that adding cinnamaldehyde, the compound that gives cinnamon its distinctive flavor and smell, to the diet of mice protected the mice against colorectal cancer.

CU Denver researcher says no evidence children of same sex couples negatively impacted
A new study from the University of Colorado Denver finds that scientists agree that children of same-sex parents experience 'no difference' on a range of social and behavioral outcomes compared to children of heterosexual or single parents.

New study favors cold, icy early Mars
The high seas of Mars may never have existed, according to a new study that looks at two opposite climate scenarios of early Mars and suggests that a cold and icy planet billions of years ago better explains water drainage and erosion features seen on the planet today.

Injured jellyfish seek to regain symmetry
Self-repair is extremely important for living things. Get a cut on your finger and your skin can make new cells to heal the wound; lose your tail -- if you are a particular kind of lizard -- and tissue regeneration may produce a new one.

From data to tomato
Maybe it really doesn't take a whole gallon of water to grow an almond after all.

USF biologists: Biodiversity reduces human, wildlife diseases and crop pests
With infectious diseases increasing worldwide, the need to understand how and why disease outbreaks occur is becoming increasingly important.

Blood antibodies may predict HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer survival
The presence of certain human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 antibodies in the blood was associated with improved rates of survival among patients with HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinoma.

How the Epstein-Barr virus hides in human cells
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München have now discovered how Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) conceals itself in human cells.

'Crosstalk' gives clues to diabetes
Sometimes, listening in on a conversation can tell you a lot.

Research may provide new targets for IBD therapies
Modifying the small white blood cells that protect against disease might help treat immune disorders, according to a study published in Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the basic science journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Evidence supports therapeutic potential of plant-based terpenoids for skin diseases
A review of clinical studies that used terpenoids to treat a variety of dermatological diseases demonstrated that this diverse class of phytochemicals may benefit patients with actinic keratosis, cutaneous candidiasis, hyperpigmentation, photoaging, and wounds.

Family ties: Social structure matters in species conservation
Many animal species live and breed in groups with complex social organizations.

Gene therapy prevents Parkinson's disease in animal model, says Pitt study
Gene therapy to reduce production of a brain protein prevented development of Parkinson's disease in an animal study, said researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Climathon: Major cities across 6 continents unite for 24 hours
Major cities across six continents including national capitals such as Beijing, Washington, D.C., New Delhi, Addis Ababa and London will unite for 24 hours on June 18.

Researchers correlate rheumatoid arthritis and giant cell arteritis with solar cycles
A rare collaboration of physicists and medical researchers finds a correlation between rheumatoid arthritis and giant cell arteritis and solar cycles.

New petition seeks to save elephants, end ivory importation in US
Recent genomic research has prompted a petition that calls for the reclassification of African elephants from one threatened species to two endangered species, forest elephant and savannah elephant, to protect both from imminent extinction.

Self-awareness not unique to mankind
Humans are unlikely to be the only animal capable of self-awareness, a new study has shown.

Study estimates deaths attributable to cigarettes for 12 smoking-related cancers
Researchers estimate that 48.5 percent of the nearly 346,000 deaths from 12 cancers among adults 35 and older in 2011 were attributable to cigarette smoking, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Researchers develop new technique for modeling neuronal connectivity using stem cells
Human stem cells can be differentiated to produce other cell types, such as organ cells, skin cells, or brain cells.

Bacterial genome scalpel can identify key gene regions
In a study that twists nature's arm to gain clues into the varied functions of the bacterial genome, North Carolina State University researchers utilize a precision scalpel to excise target genomic regions that are expendable.

New mechanism that attacks viral infections discovered
An innovative mechanism that the innate immune system uses to control viral infections has been uncovered by researchers at the University Medical Centers in Mainz and Freiburg.

Extreme changes in climate kept large, early dinosaurs from ruling the tropics
Wild swings in climate and lack of consistently abundant vegetation prevented large plant-eating dinosaurs from dominating tropical regions near the equator for up to 30 million years after they first evolved, according to new research.

UTHealth's Zhiqiang An awarded $900,000 to research how tumors evade treatment
Zhiqiang An, Ph.D., a professor at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, was awarded a $900,000 grant from the Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas to research how tumors evade treatment.

American Thoracic Society issues recommendations on healthy sleep
The American Thoracic Society has released a policy statement with recommendations for clinicians and the general public on achieving good quality sleep and getting an adequate quantity of sleep.

Research reveals insights on how ancient reptiles adapted to life in water
The world's first study into the brain anatomy of a marine reptile that lived at the same time as the dinosaurs sheds light on how the reptilian brain adapted to life in the oceans.

Why big dinosaurs steered clear of the tropics
A remarkably detailed picture of the climate and ecology during the Triassic Period explains why dinosaurs failed to establish dominance near the equator for 30 million years.

Guidelines on hoarding launched by psychologists
New guidelines providing information, guidance and recommendations for people working with those with hoarding difficulties are launched today, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, in London by the British Psychological Society's Division of Clinical Psychology.

Patent awarded to Kansas State University preclinical cancer detection test platform
A US patent has been awarded to a Kansas State University technology that quickly detects the early stages of cancer before physical symptoms ever appear.

Researchers grind nanotubes to get nanoribbons
Researchers on three continents discover that functionalized carbon nanotubes, when ground together, react and unzip into nanoribbons.

Existing drug used in transplants causes older rats to lose weight
Aging can cause many changes to the body, including obesity and a loss of lean mass.

JCU team finds 'unprecedented' earthquake evidence in Africa
JCU researchers found evidence of fluidisation (where soil behaves like quicksand) and upward displacement of material unprecedented in a continental setting, raising questions of how resilient the rapidly growing cities of the region would be in a major shake.

A KAIST research team develops the first flexible phase-change random access memory
Recently, a team led by professors Keon Jae Lee and Yeon Sik Jung of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed the first flexible PRAM enabled by self-assembled block copolymer (BCP) silica nanostructures with an ultralow current operation (below one quarter of conventional PRAM without BCP) on plastic substrates.

Scientists are first to see elements transform at atomic scale
Chemists have witnessed atoms of one chemical element morph into another element for the first time ever.

Study examines trends in smoking among health students
The prevalence of smoking among undergraduate nursing and physiotherapy students in Spain decreased from 29.3 percent in 2003 to 18.2 percent in 2013.

Underground ants can't take the heat
According to a new study from Drexel University, underground species of army ants are much less tolerant of high temperatures than their aboveground relatives -- and that difference in thermal tolerance could mean that many climate change models lack a key element of how animal physiology could affect responses to changing environments.

Mayo Clinic and United Therapeutics collaborate on lung restoration center
Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., and United Therapeutics Corporation (NASDAQ: UTHR) today announced a collaboration to build and operate a lung restoration center on the Mayo campus.

Can phone data detect real-time unemployment?
A study co-authored by Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers shows that mobile phone data can provide rapid insight into employment levels, precisely because people's communications patterns change when they are not working.

New electron accelerator at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz reaches first milestone
As the production of two superconducting accelerator modules for the future electron accelerator MESA ('Mainz Energy-Recovering Superconducting Accelerator') at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz gets on its way, the MESA project launches into its next phase.

Is aspartame safe? (video)
It's been around for decades and it's probably in your diet soda -- for a little while longer anyway.

Palm oil price change could save tigers, other species
Consumers will pay higher prices for palm oil made by companies that help to protect endangered species, finds a new US-UK study.

Researchers link Ebola news coverage to public panic using Google, Twitter data
A team of researchers fit a mathematical contagion model for the spread of disease to Twitter and Google search trend data in the wake of the US Ebola outbreak of October 2014 and discovered that media reports incited sizable public concern before a 'boredom' effect prevailed.

Violence by teachers almost halved in primary schools
An innovative program of activities used in Ugandan primary schools has succeeded in reducing violence by teachers against children by 42 percent, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and published in The Lancet Global Health.

Accelerated warming of the continental shelf off northeast coast
A new study by physical oceanographers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, shows that water temperatures off the northeast coast of the US have been trending upward, with unprecedented warming occurring over the last 13 years.

Shortage of blood a global problem
Blood transfusions are vital, but demand for blood far exceeds supply all over the world.

Consortium launched to research rare lung diseases
A newly launched Rare Lung Diseases Consortium will spearhead cutting-edge research on rare lung diseases such as LAM, HPS and PAP.

Wheat fires outside of Huaibei, China
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image of agricultural fires on June 13, 2015.

Higher prices for sustainable palm oil could save endangered species
Higher supermarket prices for eco-friendly palm oil could help save endangered species.

Leaving on a biofueled jet plane
Researchers at the Energy Biosciences Institute have developed a catalytic process for converting sugarcane biomass into a new class of aviation fuel and lubricant base oils that could help biorefineries achieve net life-cycle greenhouse gas savings of up to 80 percent.

How an animal's biochemistry may support aggressive behavior
Researchers who paired Siamese fighting fish in mock fights found that winning fish could supply more energy to their muscles during fights than losing fish.

Bumble bees in the last frontier
A decline in bumble bee populations in Europe and North America has been documented in a number of recent publications.

Argonne confirms new commercial method for producing medical isotope
Argonne National Laboratory recently demonstrated a new commercial technique for producing molybdenum-99, a critical medical isotope used in millions of imaging procedures each year.

Eating up to 100 g of chocolate daily linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk
Eating up to 100 g of chocolate every day is linked to lowered heart disease and stroke risk, finds research published online in the journal Heart.

Small thunderstorms may add up to massive cyclones on Saturn
In a paper published today in the journal Nature Geoscience, atmospheric scientists at MIT propose a possible mechanism for Saturn's polar cyclones: over time, small, short-lived thunderstorms across the planet may build up angular momentum, or spin, within the atmosphere -- ultimately stirring up a massive and long-lasting vortex at the poles.

Use of osteoporosis drugs have dropped following media reports of safety concerns
Following a decade of steady growth, use of bisphosphonates -- medications that are effective for treating osteoporosis -- declined in the United States by more than 50 percent from 2008 to 2012.
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