Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 16, 2015
Tool use is 'innate' in chimpanzees but not bonobos, their closest evolutionary relative
First evidence for a species difference in the innate predisposition for tool use in our closest evolutionary cousins could provide insight into how humans became the ultimate tool-using ape.

Toxic algal blooms behind Klamath River dams create health risks far downstream
A new study has found that toxic algal blooms in reservoirs on the Klamath River can travel more than 180 miles downriver in a few days, survive passage through hydroelectric turbines and create unsafe water conditions on lower parts of the river in northern California.

Human cell models accelerate research into brown fat
A team of researchers led by Yu-Hua Tseng, Ph.D., Investigator in the Section on Integrative Physiology and Metabolism at Joslin Diabetes Center and an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, has created cell lines of human brown and white fat precursor cells that will help investigators to pick apart the factors that drive the development and activity of each type of cell.

First incidence of koi sleepy disease in Austria
Carp edema virus, also known as koi sleepy disease (CEV/KSD), affects koi and common carp.

Prescription drug benefit doesn't save money for Medicare
For years, the Medicare pre­scrip­tion drug ben­efit Part D has been cred­ited with pos­i­tively impacting national trends in health out­comes and med­ical ser­vices.

Rare autoimmune disease may be more common than we thought
Mutations in a key autoimmunity-associated gene are surprisingly common and are responsible for a previously unknown form of a rare autoimmune disorder called APS-1, according to a study published on June 16 in the journal Immunity.

Extreme exercise linked to blood poisoning
Researchers have discovered that extreme exercise can cause intestinal bacteria to leak into the bloodstream, leading to blood poisoning.

Nut consumption associated with reduced risk of some types of cancer
Nut consumption has long been hypothesized to have a role in preventing both of these diseases, but until now evidence has been inconsistent.

Hematite 're-growth' smoothes rough edges for clean energy harvest
By smoothing the surface of hematite, a team of researchers led by Boston College chemist Dunwei Wang achieved the first 'unassisted' water splitting using the abundant rust-like mineral and silicon to capture and store solar energy within hydrogen gas.

Device allows evaluation of the efficacy, toxicity of drugs metabolized through the liver
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Engineering in Medicine have developed a novel approach that dramatically simplifies the evaluation of the liver's drug-metabolizing activity and the potential toxic effects of the products of that activity on other organs.

Chapman University research on the diversity among nitrogen-fixing plants
Researchers at Chapman University and Columbia University have published a study in Nature Plants this month, called 'Diversity of nitrogen fixation strategies in Mediterranean legumes.' The recently published research focuses on a question that has intrigued scientists for decades -- are plants able to regulate their relationships with nitrogen-fixing bacteria?

Study reveals surprising truths about caregivers
Caregiving is a part of daily life for millions of Americans, particularly the so-called sandwich generation balancing the needs of aging parents with looking after their own children.

Fighting chronic disease and disability
'Like an undeclared World War, chronic disease cost America $2.3 trillion in 2014, more than the year's federal income taxes and national debt combined.

Mannitol dosing errors made during transport of patients to tertiary hospitals
Researchers investigated mannitol use before and during transportation of patients with intracranial emergencies from peripheral hospitals to tertiary facilities that house neurosurgery departments.

Truckies on the road to better health: Workplace intervention works
A Queensland University of Technology-led workplace intervention program which saw a 15 percent drop in drivers self-reporting their BMI as obese, has helped truckies eat healthier, exercise more and lose weight.

Academies make recommendations for improving public health
In their joint statement 'Public Health in Germany -- Structures, Developments and Global Challenges' that was published today, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech -- the National Academy of Science and Engineering, and the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities make recommendations on how public health can be improved.

Scientists find methane in Mars meteorites
An international team of researchers has discovered traces of methane in Martian meteorites, a possible clue in the search for life on the Red Planet.

Brain injury patterns linked to post-concussion depression and anxiety
A new MRI study has found distinct injury patterns in the brains of people with concussion-related depression and anxiety, according to a new study.

IVF in women over 38: The doctor's dilemma
It is a biological fact that female fertility declines with age -- in assisted conception as in natural.

Complex, large-scale genome analysis made easier
Researchers at EMBL-EBI have developed a new approach to studying the effect of multiple genetic variations on different traits.

New UC study uncovers same-sex couples' opinions about marriage and cohabitation
A new survey outlines six prominent reasons why same-sex couples feel marriage is an important step in their relationship.

Early behavior problems may be linked to 'aging' biomarkers in preschoolers
Preschoolers with oppositional defiant behavior are more likely to have shorter telomeres, a hallmark of cellular aging, which in adults is associated with increased risk for chronic diseases and conditions like diabetes, obesity and cancer.

Speech recognition from brain activity
Speech is produced in the human cerebral cortex. Brain waves associated with speech processes can be directly recorded with electrodes located on the brain.

Significance article offers roadmap to fight reproducibility crisis
Dramatic increases in data science education coupled with robust evidence-based data analysis practices could stop the scientific research reproducibility and replication crisis before the issue permanently damages science's credibility, asserts Roger D.

BioMed Central to publish Genes and Environment
BioMed Central is pleased to partner with the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society in publishing the open-access journal Genes and Environment.

In cricket sex songs, males feel the caloric burn, Dartmouth study finds
Male tree crickets may be a hunk of burning love when they're belting out their different mating songs, but they're all burning the same amount of calories no matter how they do it, a Dartmouth College study finds.

Graphene heat-transfer riddle unraveled
Researchers have solved the long-standing conundrum of how the boundary between grains of graphene affects heat conductivity in thin films of the miracle substance -- bringing developers a step closer to being able to engineer films at a scale useful for cooling microelectronic devices and hundreds of other nano-tech applications.

Couples needing sperm donation favor the same donor for all conceptions
Despite a prevalence of anonymous sperm donation in European countries, the use of the same sperm donor for subsequent conceptions is of paramount importance to those couples needing sperm donation to have children.

CHOP's Dr. Steven Douglas honored as paradigm builder in HIV-immunology research
Steven D. Douglas, M.D., chief of the Section of Immunology at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, delivered the Paradigm Builder Lecture to the International Society for NeuroVirology on June 4, in San Diego.

Designer electronics out of the printer
They are thin, lightweight, flexible and can be produced cost- and energy-efficiently: printed microelectronic components made of synthetics.

NREL partnerships to help the grid accommodate more renewable energy
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory announces five new partnerships that will award up to $6.5 million in federal funds to technical teams throughout the country.

Experts: Risk of hepatitis E outbreak 'very high' in earthquake-ravaged Nepal
During the coming monsoon season, survivors of the recent earthquake that destroyed parts of Nepal face a 'very high' risk of a hepatitis E outbreak that could be especially deadly to pregnant women, according to a consensus statement from a group of infectious disease experts from around the world.

The presence of roseola virus in chromosomes triples the risk of angina
People whose chromosomes contain the DNA of the roseola virus are three times more likely to suffer from angina, according to a new study by researchers from the Université Laval Faculty of Medicine, the CHU de Québec Research Center-Université Laval, and the University of Washington.

Automating microbial genome sequence decontamination
Single cell genomics and metagenomics have helped researchers assess environmental microbial community structure and function.

Development assistance for health has increased since 1990 for low-income countries
Funding for health in developing countries has increased substantially since 1990, with a focus on HIV/AIDS, maternal health, and newborn and child health, and limited funding for noncommunicable diseases, according to a study in the June 16 issue of JAMA.

Meeting global air quality guidelines could prevent 2.1 million deaths per year
A team of environmental engineering and public health researchers developed a global model that demonstrates how much cleaner different parts of the world would need to be in order to substantially reduce death from outdoor air pollution.

Einstein saves the quantum cat
Einstein's theory of time and space will celebrate its 100th anniversary this year.

New measurement of the mass of a strange atomic nucleus achieves very high precision
An international team of physicists working at the Institute of Nuclear Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has measured the mass of a 'strange' atomic nucleus with the aid of an innovative technique that is capable of significantly greater precision than that of previous methods.

Journal article details 'multiplicity of barriers' to clinical acceptance of medical laser innovations
An article published today in the Journal of Biomedical Optics details obstacles along the path from idea to clinical use of life-saving new medical laser applications.

Protein discovery fuels redesign of mosquito-based malaria vaccine
A promising type of vaccine designed to eradicate malaria by blocking parasite transmission could be a step closer, as a result of experts uncovering new information about the targeted protein.

Atlasify: Search using maps
Northwestern University professor Doug Downey and collaborators developed a new search engine that goes beyond responding to queries by helping people explore new concepts and ideas.

Vagrant bachelors could save rare bird
A study conducted by the Zoological Society of London has revealed the importance of single males in small, threatened populations.

SCOPE program developed to engage communities in preventing childhood obesity
A multidisciplinary group of researchers from British Columbia has developed a participatory action research program to help address healthy body weight in children.

NASA sees Hurricane Carlos causing coastal complications
Hurricane Carlos has been crawling up the coast of southwestern Mexico, weakening and re-strengthening to hurricane force.

Hi-tech tracking tags expand aquatic animal research opportunities, collaborations
Advances in acoustic and satellite technologies are allowing researchers to track animals large and small across great distances, even in challenging ocean environments, leading to significant new knowledge about the behavior, interactions, movements, and migrations of many species, from tiny fish to sea turtles and whales.

Charging migrants for access to health services will not ease strain on NHS
New measures introduced by the UK government in April linking applications for residence permits to up-front payments for potential use of NHS hospital services, and proposals to further restrict access to NHS services for migrants, will not reduce the strain on NHS resources -- and may end up costing more in the long run.

Trial compares antibiotics vs. appendectomy for treatment of appendicitis
Among patients with uncomplicated appendicitis, antibiotic treatment did not meet a prespecified level of effectiveness compared with appendectomy, although most patients who received antibiotic therapy did not require an appendectomy, and for those who did, they did not experience significant complications, according to a study in the June 16 issue of JAMA.

Study finds novel population health management program yields major health improvement
The Aging Brain Care Medical Home, a novel population health management program implemented in the homes of older adults achieves significant health improvement for individuals with depression and also substantial stress reduction in family caregivers of dementia patients, according to a new study by investigators from the Regenstrief Institute, Indiana University Center for Aging Research and Eskenazi Health.

Do insect societies share brain power?
The cooperative or integrative aspects of insect colonies, such as information sharing among colony mates, can reduce the need for individual cognition in these societies, a new study suggests.

Communicating with hypersonic vehicles in flight
Routine communications blackouts, between a re-entry spacecraft and ground control, can cause anxiety, as there is no way to know or control the location and state of the spacecraft from the ground, but researchers at the Harbin Institute of Technology in China have proposed a new way to maintain communication with spacecraft as they re-enter the atmosphere.

TGen and Phoenix Children's Hospital research new ways to store, transport blood samples
The Translational Genomics Research Institute and Phoenix Children's Hospital are developing new economical methods of preserving, storing and transporting high-quality blood plasma proteins for use in diagnosing and treating disease.

Starfish have a surprising talent for squeezing foreign bodies out through the skin
Starfish have strange talents. Two biology students from University of Southern Denmark have revealed that starfish are able to squeeze foreign bodies along the length of their body cavities and out through their arm tips.

What's on the surface of a black hole?
New research in theoretical physics shows that black holes aren't the ruthless killers we've made them out to be, but instead benign -- if imperfect -- hologram generators.

Slight differences -- new insights into the regulation of disease-associated genes
Researchers of the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association, in collaboration with the National Heart Research Institute Singapore, have gained new insights into the regulation of disease-associated genes.

Parents' comparisons make siblings different
A new study from BYU shows that when parents compare their kids, it shows up in the classroom.

New target may increase odds of successful mosquito-based malaria vaccine
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have located a new -- and likely more promising, they say -- target for a potential vaccine against malaria, a mosquito-borne illness that kills as many as 750,000 people each year.

Hyperlipidemia, caused by a high-fat diet, aggressively accelerates organ rejection
In two studies published online today in the American Journal of Transplantation, researchers determined that hyperlipidemia accelerates heart-transplant rejection in mice.

Unravelling the mysteries of carbonic acid
Berkeley Lab researchers report the first detailed characterization of the hydration structure of carbonic dioxide gas as it dissolves in water to form carbonic acid.

A third of the world's biggest groundwater basins are in distress
Two new studies led by UC Irvine using data from NASA Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites show that civilization is rapidly draining some of its largest groundwater basins, yet there is little to no accurate data about how much water remains in them.

Has breast milk become an Internet commodity, and not just for infants?
The practice of breast milk sharing among mothers has evolved into an Internet-based marketplace in which this valuable commodity is being bought and sold not only to feed babies, but as a 'natural superfood' for body builders and athletes.

Researchers identify new stem cell population important in the growth of colon cancer
Researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute have identified a previously unknown, long-lived radiation-resistant stem cell population in the colon.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Bill making landfall in Texas
Tropical Storm Bill was making landfall at 11 a.m. CDT on Matagorda Island, Texas, on June 16 as NASA and NOAA satellites gathered data on the storm.

Clemson research: Vehicle direction, not driver biometrics, best way to detect drowsiness
Drowsy drivers take a heavy toll on the nation's highways.

International physics community to converge at Perimeter Institute
Researchers from around the world -- and across the Internet -- with gather at Canada's Perimeter Institute to discuss the future of physics during the Convergence conference, June 20-24, 2015.

Young adults find health insurance enrollment on HealthCare.gov challenging
When trying to enroll in a health insurance plan through HealthCare.gov during the first open enrollment period of the Affordable Care Act's health insurance marketplaces, young adults were confused by unfamiliar health insurance terms, concerned about the affordability of plan options, and unsure how to seek good primary care.

Minor surgical procedure common in O&G associated with increased risk of preterm delivery
Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is one of the most common minor surgical procedures in obstetrics and gynecology, used mainly for miscarriage or terminations.

Can personal devices interfere with hospital care?
New research from Concordia University helps define a clear rule of thumb for how close health-care workers with their Wi-Fi devices can be to electronic medical equipment.

Prenatal DDT exposure tied to nearly 4-fold increase in breast cancer risk
Women who were exposed to higher levels of the pesticide DDT in utero were nearly four times more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer as adults than women who were exposed to lower levels before birth, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Businesses don't always get what they want, but try to get what they need
Although most citizens tend to believe that big business owns Washington, D.C., a team of researchers suggests that business may have a less dominant and more complicated relationship with government than previously thought.

Helicobacter pylori infection leaves a fingerprint in gastric cancer
After an infection with Helicobacter pylori, gene activity in the gastric cells resembles the activity of cancer cells.

When a sudden boost in status at work isn't all good
Imagine getting a sudden boost in status at work that changes you from a largely ignored worker to someone that others turn to for advice and help.

Families of orofacial clefting not at higher risk for dental anomalies
Today, the International and American Associations for Dental Research published a study titled 'Spectrum of Dental Phenotypes in Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefting,' which is the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts, their relatives and controls.

World spends more than $200 billion to make countries healthier
The world invested more than $200 billion to improve health in lower-income countries over the past 15 years.

Inkjet inks made of silk could yield smart bandages, bacteria-sensing gloves and more
Researchers created and tested a custom library of inkjet-printable, functional silk inks doped with bioactive components such as antibiotics, enzymes, nanoparticles, and growth factors.

Panel urges innovative research to improve diagnosis and treatment of ME/CFS
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health is calling for more research and more opportunities for new investigators to invigorate the field.

Returning killer T cells back to barracks could improve vaccines
Just as militaries need to have trained, experienced soldiers ready for future wars, making sure that the immune system has enough battle-ready T cells on hand is important for fast-acting, more effective vaccines, according to Penn State researchers.

Physiological responses reveal our political affiliations
New research from Aarhus University in Denmark shows that political partisanship is rooted in affective, physiological processes that cause partisans to toe the party line on policies and issues, regardless of policy content.

New review highlights principles of nutrition management of inherited metabolic disorders
A new review, published today in Nutrition in Clinical Practice, highlights the basic principles of chronic nutrition management of inherited metabolic disorders.

Study shows benefit of higher quality screening colonoscopies
An analysis that included information from more than 57,000 screening colonoscopies suggests that higher adenoma detection rates may be associated with up to 50 percent to 60 percent lower lifetime colorectal cancer incidence and death without higher overall costs, despite a higher number of colonoscopies and potential complications, according to a study in the June 16 issue of JAMA.

GOS Journal publishes 2nd edition Blue Book
The International Geriatric Fracture Society is extremely pleased to announce the release of the second edition of the Blue Book by SAGE Publications.

Keeping a lid on inflammation
Regulatory T cells are part of the system of checks and balances that prevents the immune response from going overboard and causing autoimmune disease.

What can people and bees teach us about collective behavior?
Newly funded research will study both bees and humans to try to determine how individual variation and behavioral plasticity interact to shape group performance.

Eye's motion detection sensors identified
Studying mice, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Protein plays key role in spread of breast cancer
For breast cancer to be fatal, the tumor has to send out metastases to other parts of the body.

Attention to angry faces can predict future depression
Up to 80 percent of individuals with a past history of depression will get depressed again in the future.

Vitreomacular adhesion patients report improved vision with non-surgical treatment
In two ancillary studies of two multi-center international clinical trials led by the University of Southern California (USC) Eye Institute, the injectable drug ocriplasmin appears to improve vision among patients suffering from symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), a condition related to the aging eye that could cause permanent vision loss if left untreated.

New research shows Earth's core contains 90 percent of Earth's sulfur
So perhaps there is some truth in the old legends of the underworld reeking of brimstone (or sulfur, as it is now called)?

Not-so-guilty pleasure: Viewing cat videos boosts energy and positive emotions
The Internet phenomenon of watching cat videos, from Lil Bub to Grumpy Cat, does more than simply entertain; it boosts viewers' energy and positive emotions and decreases negative feelings, according to a new study by an Indiana University Media School researcher.

Lymph nodes signal more aggressive thyroid cancer even in young patients
Researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute and the Duke Clinical Research Institute have found that younger thyroid cancer patients with lymph node involvement are also at increased risk of dying, contrary to current beliefs and staging prognostic tools that classify young patients as having low-risk disease.

Diamonds are for temperature
Luminescent signals from green glowing diamond defects could monitor temperature in a range of physical and biological systems with unprecedented versatility.

Dancing with the cells
The same kind of contraction that fires our muscles also controls a key stage of mammalian embryo development, according to a new study published in Nature Cell Biology.

Structural data reveals new mechanism behind protein transport
In order for newly-produced secretory or membrane proteins to find their final destination, the proteins have signal-sequences connected to themselves as a form of address tag.

Elsevier announces the International Conference on Cocoa, Coffee and Tea
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, announces the third international conference on the science of cocoa, coffee and tea: CoCoTea 2015.

Sediment makes it harder for baby Nemo to breathe easy
Researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University have discovered that suspended sediment damages fish gills and can increase the rate of disease in fish.

Lack of sleep affects long-term health
New research from the University of Copenhagen has found that maintaining a good night's sleep is important for our future health, partly because of how it affects lifestyle factors.

Tracking the viral parasites cruising our waterways
Humans aren't the only ones who like to cruise along the waterways, so do viruses.

Public divided on heart benefits from alcohol consumption
In one of the first published studies using data from the Health eHeart Study, UCSF researchers have found that people are divided on the cardiovascular benefits of alcohol consumption.

Key to quick battery charging time
University of Tokyo researchers have discovered the structure and transport properties of the 'intermediate state' in lithium-ion batteries -- key to understanding the mechanisms of charge and discharge in rechargeable batteries.

Nanoparticles can be intrinsically left- and right-handed
A team of scientists from ITMO University and Trinity College Dublin published first experimental results showing that ordinary nanocrystals possess intrinsic chirality and can be produced under normal conditions as a half-and-half mixture of mirror images of each other.

Maternal stress alters offspring gut and brain through vaginal microbiome
Changes in the vaginal microbiome are associated with effects on offspring gut microbiota and on the developing brain, according to a new study published in Endocrinology, a journal of the Endocrine Society.

Gene discovery could lead to muscular dystrophy treatment
Australian researchers have made a critical discovery about a gene involved in muscular dystrophy that could lead to future therapies for the currently untreatable disease.

SAMT project: Identifying best practices for evaluating sustainability in the process industry
The SAMT project of the European Union will work together with leading industrial actors from the cement, oil, metal, water, waste and chemical industries and review the latest scientific developments within the field of sustainability assessment.

Rate of ectopic pregnancy following IVF has almost halved in past 12 years
The risk of ectopic pregnancy following fertility treatment with assisted reproduction (ART) is small but significantly higher than found in natural conceptions.

Zhiyong Wang receives Germany's Humboldt Research Award
Carnegie's Zhiyong Wang will receive the Humboldt Research Award, one of Germany's most prestigious prizes.

Radiation experts unite to streamline cancer clinical trials
Radiation experts from the Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre network are pioneering a new streamlined system to reduce the time taken to set up clinical trials involving radiotherapy.

Strong commitment to young African scientists at Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
Former German Federal President Horst Köhler is the patron of the newly created Africa program for the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings: the 'Horst Köhler Fellowship Program' enables excellent African scientists to participate.

Seeing where stars collide
Using the advanced adaptive optics system GeMS, on the Gemini South telescope, astronomers have imaged a beautiful stellar jewel-box -- a tightly packed cluster of stars that is one of the few places in our galaxy where astronomers think stars can actually collide.

Redrawing the brain's motor map
Neuroscientists at Emory have refined a map showing which parts of the brain are activated during head rotation, resolving a decades-old puzzle.

Hormone fluctuations disrupt sleep of perimenopausal women
Women in the early phases of menopause are more likely to have trouble sleeping during certain points in the menstrual cycle, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Genetically predicted higher BP linked to antihypertensive use and lower Alzheimer's risk
Genetic variants that predict higher systolic blood pressure are associated with a higher probability of taking antihypertensive medication and with decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Adoptive immunotherapy may help treat more types of cancer if new approaches are explored
In a special issue of Immunotherapy, leading experts provide in-depth review of innovative strategies that may further the success of adoptive cell immunotherapy as a cancer treatment.

Better birth control counseling reduces unintended pregnancies among young women
Training health care workers to educate young women about intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants, which are more effective than condoms or the pill, dramatically cut the number of unintended pregnancies among young women seeking family planning services, in a UC San Francisco study done with researchers from Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

Flies released to attack hemlock-killing pest
A team of scientists have shown that two species of silver flies from the Pacific Northwest will attack and eat hemlock woolly adelgid, the pest responsible for killing millions of hemlock trees in 17 East Coast states.

Drug trials in pet dogs with cancer may speed advances in human oncology
Pet dogs may be humans' best friends in a new arena of life: cancer treatment, said University of Illinois veterinary clinical medicine professor Timothy Fan.

Linking climate change to natural disasters influences charitable aid
When natural disasters strike, the media, charities, and science organizations appeal to the public for aid to the victims and to communicate the causes of these events.

Re-booting the human gut
A new grant awarded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, for up to $4.7 million dollars over the course of the work, will support the efforts of the a team of Wyss Institute scientists to fight gastrointestinal illness by developing a collaborative consortia of genetically engineered bacteria designed to sense, report and combat harmful microbial invaders.

Researchers create transparent, stretchable conductors using nano-accordion structure
Researchers from North Carolina State University have created stretchable, transparent conductors that work because of the structures' 'nano-accordion' design.

Light: designed by nature, transformed by science
Light: Designed by Nature, Transformed by Science -- by the occasion of the International Year of Light -- aims to celebrate almost 10 years of MIT Portugal Program and also lighting the path for the future.

Fruit flies 'push the limit' to help us understand age-related disease susceptibilities
They're pesky and annoying when they get into your fruit, but Drosophila melanogaster, more affectionately known as the 'fruit fly,' are helping researchers at Florida Atlantic University to discover novel genes that are responsible for neuroprotection, and have led them to an unexpected discovery involving drowning and comas.

Strategic investments in US inland waterways should focus on maintaining locks and facilities
While the US inland waterways system covers a vast geographic area, its freight traffic is highly concentrated, and the system needs a sustainable and well-executed plan for maintaining system reliability and performance to ensure that its limited resources are directed where they are most essential, says a new report from the National Research Council's Transportation Research Board.

UT Arlington book explores US demand for fresh produce and impact on Mexican farmworkers
A new book by a University of Texas at Arlington anthropologist examines the perennial demand for fresh produce in the United States and the effect of a robust agro-export business on workers in Mexico.

Buckley receives international recognition as a top achiever in life sciences
Dr. Peter F. Buckley, Dean of the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, Interim Executive Vice President for Health Affairs at GRU, and Interim CEO, Georgia Regents Medical Center & Medical Associates, is among Irish America Magazine's 2015 list of the best and brightest Irish-American and Irish-born trailblazers in the life sciences.

Dengue mosquitoes hitch rides on Amazon river boats
The urban mosquito that carries the dengue fever virus is expanding its range by hitching rides on river boats connecting the Amazonian town of Iquitos, Peru, with rural areas.

For those over 50, finding a job can get old
In examining the US government's 2014 Displaced Worker Survey, the researchers discovered that someone 50 years or older is likely to be unemployed 5.8 weeks longer than someone between the ages of 30-49, and 10.6 weeks longer than individuals ages 20-29.

Surprisingly few 'busy bees' make global crops grow
A major international study finds that surprisingly few bee species are responsible for pollinating the planet's crops: only two percent of wild bee species pollinate 80 percent of bee-pollinated crops worldwide.

A better way to evaluate conservation policies found by Georgia State researchers
Protected forested areas in Brazil, Costa Rica, Indonesia and Thailand have prevented the release of more than 1,000 million additional tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, an economic service provided by nature worth at least $5 billion, according to new research by Georgia State University economist Paul Ferraro with alumnus Merlin M.

Benefit of knee surgery for middle aged or older patients 'inconsequential' say experts
The benefit of surgery for middle aged or older patients with persistent knee pain is inconsequential and such surgery is potentially harmful, say researchers in a study published in The BMJ this week.

Night driving restriction reduces young driver crashes
Restricting teenagers from driving unsupervised at night, and introducing strict penalties and other licensing requirements, could reduce crashes significantly, according to research.

Next-generation sampling: Pairing genomics with large-scale herbarium sampling
Rapid advances in sequencing technology are expanding our understanding of biodiversity and evolution in complex plant groups, but access to samples remains a problem.

New study discovers potential target for tissue regeneration
A new study co-led by Hsin-Hsiung Tai, professor of pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Kentucky, suggests that a key prostaglandin metabolic enzyme shows promise as a drug target to help tissue regeneration and repair, particularly after bone marrow transplantation and tissue injuries.

Extremely preterm infants enrolled in RCTs do not experience worse outcomes
In a group of more than 5,000 extremely preterm infants, important in-hospital outcomes were neither better nor worse in infants enrolled in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) compared with eligible but nonenrolled infants, findings that may provide reassurance regarding concerns about performing RCTs in this vulnerable population, according to a study in the June 16 issue of JAMA.

EARTH: Science illustrators -- making the invisible visible
From the tiny microcosms of atomic theory and futuristic colonies on Mars to dinosaurs walking the Earth, science illustrators translate scientific findings and theories into something lifelike, accurate and aesthetically pleasing.

Renewable energy from evaporating water
Columbia University scientists report the development of two novel devices that derive power directly from evaporation -- a floating, piston-driven engine that generates electricity causing a light to flash, and a rotary engine that drives a miniature car.

Scientists use molecular 'lock and key' for potential control of GMOs
UC Berkeley researchers have developed a way to put bacteria under a molecular lock and key as a way to contain its accidental spread.

Longevity hormone is lower in stressed and depressed women
Women under chronic stress have significantly lower levels of klotho, a hormone that regulates aging and enhances cognition, researchers at UC San Francisco have found in a study comparing mothers of children on the autism spectrum to low-stress controls.
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