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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 19, 2015


Moffitt researchers discover mechanism leading to BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma
The development of targeted therapies has significantly improved the survival of melanoma patients over the last decade; however, patients often relapse because many therapies do not kill all of the tumor cells, and the remaining cells adapt to treatment and become resistant.
Study shows global warming is unlikely to reduce winter deaths
A study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health debunks the assumption that global warming will lead to a decline in the number of deaths in winter.
Health records and genetic data from more than 100,000 Californians power medical research
By volunteering to mail saliva to researchers working with their health care provider, thousands of people in California have helped build one of the nation's most powerful medical research tools.
Olfactory cells transplanted to treat spinal cord injury
At a three-year follow-up, patients with spinal cord injury who were randomized to a clinical trial that transplanted cells from their nasal cavity to build a 'bridge' to span the gap between the damaged ends of the spinal cord, showed that olfactory mucosa lamina propria (OLP) transplants had positively affected motor functional recovery, improvement in ASIA sensory scores, bladder compliance, sensation and partial control.
Study links heartbeat to female libido
Sexual dysfunction in women can be linked to low resting heart rate variability, a finding that could help clinicians treat the condition, according to a study by psychologists from the University of Texas at Austin.
INFORMS journal study: Brands, patents can protect firms from bankruptcy
If a firm faces troubled times during a stable market, strong advertising can carry it through.
Taking control of cancer -- from your mobile phone
As cancer patients and their loved ones know, cancer is not a game.
Professor Andreas Peter Ruediger made an honorary Fellow of the MUAS
Professor Andreas Peter Ruediger of the Energy Materials Telecommunication Research Centre at INRS has been made an honorary Fellow of the Munich University of Applied Sciences.
PrEP is not linked to greater risk for depression
A new paper out of the iPrEx study--a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of daily oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in men and transgender women who have sex with men -- reported no link between taking Truvada for oral PrEP and experiencing depression.
New biomarker identified in women with mental illness
Psychiatric disorders can be difficult to diagnose because clinicians must rely upon interpreted clues, such as a patient's behaviors and feelings.
ESC Congress 2015 press schedule announced today
The press schedule for ESC Congress 2015 is announced today.
Supercomputers surprisingly link DNA crosses to cancer
Supercomputers have helped scientists find a surprising link between cross-shaped (or cruciform) pieces of DNA and human cancer, according to a study at The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin).
Autism: The value of an integrated approach to diagnosis
Researchers at Inserm attached to François-Rabelais University and Tours Regional University Hospital have combined three clinical, neurophysiological and genetic approaches in order to better understand the brain mechanisms that cause autism.
Access to electricity is linked to reduced sleep
New research comparing traditional hunter-gatherer living conditions to a more modern setting shows that access to artificial light and electricity has shortened the amount of sleep humans get each night.
Discovery promises new treatments to thwart colon cancer
Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered how an immune system protein, called AIM2 (Absent in Melanoma 2), plays a role in determining the aggressiveness of colon cancer.
TGen study identifies first genetic mutation associated with Aicardi syndrome
A genetic mutation responsible for a debilitating childhood neurological condition known as Aicardi syndrome has been identified by the Translational Genomics Research Institute.
ICFO and Cambridge University Press announce the release of 'The Wonders of Light'
ICFO and Cambridge University Press publish a book dedicated to discovering the amazing powers of light.
The path of light
From June 22-26, 2015, scientists from all over the world meet at the 15th Electromagnetic and Light Scattering Conference ELS XV.
NCI funds $3.1 million Fred Hutch clinical trial of a smoking-cessation smartphone app
Jonathan Bricker, Ph.D., a behavioral scientist at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington, has received a $3.1 million, five-year grant from the National Cancer Institute to conduct a randomized, controlled clinical trial of SmartQuit, a smoking-cessation smartphone app.
Could we one day control the path of lightning?
Lightning path remains unpredictable, but at a smaller scale, discharges between two electrodes can be guided by laser beams.
ACE pilot study takes cancer rehab to the community
UAlberta research team partners with UCalgary, AHS and YMCA to develop innovative community-based cancer exercise program.
BUSM researcher receives $1.6 million NIH grant for pneumonia research
Joseph Mizgerd, Sc.D., professor of medicine, microbiology and biochemistry at Boston University School of Medicine, and director of the University's Pulmonary Center, recently was awarded $1.6 million from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
First solar cell made of highly ordered molecular frameworks
Researchers at KIT have developed a material suited for photovoltaics.
Carrying a table together with a robot
Researchers on CogIMon, a new project starting at Bielefeld University, want to teach robots how to interact with humans and work together to accomplish tasks.
The successful ovulation of 100 eggs from 1 female mouse
Scientists at Kumamoto University have developed a new method of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, termed ultra-superovulation, in which ovulation of a very large number of eggs from one female mouse occurs.
Thick cortex could be key in Down syndrome
The thickness of the brain's cerebral cortex could be a key to unlocking answers about intellectual development in youth with Down syndrome.
SAGE author Richard Gargiulo wins a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award
'Special Education in Contemporary Society: An Introduction to Exceptionality' (fifth edition), by special education expert Dr.
EMBL scientists solve decades-old cell biology puzzle
Researchers at EMBL Heidelberg have solved a question that has puzzled cell biologists for decades -- how does the protein machine that allows cells to swallow up molecules during endocytosis function?
New 'molecular movie' reveals ultrafast chemistry in motion
Scientists for the first time tracked ultrafast structural changes, captured in quadrillionths-of-a-second steps, as ring-shaped gas molecules burst open and unraveled.
Latina women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer need more stress management tools
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers, along with collaborators at the University of South Florida, recently published a study about the attitudes and cultural perspectives of Latinas undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer.
Highly educated women stop smoking if the cost goes up
Cigarette prices and images on cigarette packets have an impact on women in terms of continuing to smoke or quitting.
Tuberculosis bacteria hide in the low oxygen niches of bone marrow stem cells
A new study from the Forsyth Institute is helping to shed light on latent tuberculosis and the bacteria's ability to hide in stem cells.
How to wipe out polio and prevent its re-emergence
Public health officials stand poised to eliminate polio from the planet.
MARCO applauds fishery council move to protect deep sea corals
The Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean (MARCO) applauds the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council on their recent approval of an amendment to protect deep sea corals from the impacts of fishing gear in the Mid-Atlantic.
Patients give high marks to prepping for surgery online
First-time surgery can be concerning to any patient. Knee surgery -- even arthroscopic surgery to treat a torn meniscus -- can require significant preparation and rehabilitation.
Brain inflammation targeted in first drug discovery project from £3 million Dementia Consortium
Funding worth nearly half a million pounds will unite academics at the University of Southampton with drug discovery experts at the medical research charity MRC Technology, to target the immune system in the hunt for new treatments for Alzheimer's disease.
Internists give Senate recommendations to improve care for patients with chronic diseases
The American College of Physicians letter in response to a May 22 Senate Finance Committee letter requesting recommendations and policies that will improve care for patients with chronic diseases.
Seniors don't bounce back fast from car crashes
Many seniors injured in motor vehicle crashes remain in pain for months afterwards, which negatively affects their quality of life, including the ability to live independently.
Scientists identify amino acid that stops seizures in mice
An amino acid whose role in the body has been all but a mystery appears to act as a potent seizure inhibitor in mice, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins.
Engineer develops real-time listeria biosensor prototype
A Texas A&M AgriLife Research engineer and a Florida colleague have developed a biosensor that can detect listeria bacterial contamination within two or three minutes.
NASA sees Tropical Depression Bill tracking through US
Tropical Depression Bill continues to be a soaker as it travels in an east-northeasterly direction from Arkansas toward the Ohio Valley.
Lake fire in California burns over 11,000 acres
The lake fire located in San Bernardino National Forest was reported just before 4:00 p.m. on June 17.
Stanford researcher declares that the sixth mass extinction is here
Paul Ehrlich and others use highly conservative estimates to prove that species are disappearing faster than at any time since the dinosaurs' demise.
Culturing the connectome
OIST researchers find a way to recreate connectivity between cells from separate brain regions.
Children with good memories are better liars, research shows
Children who benefit from a good memory are much better at covering up lies, researchers from the University of Sheffield have discovered.
How to wipe out polio and prevent its reemergence
Public health officials stand poised to eliminate polio from the planet.
NNI publishes workshop report and launches web portal on nanosensors
The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office is pleased to announce the launch of a workshop report and a web portal, efforts coordinated through and in support of the Nanotechnology Signature Initiative 'Nanotechnology for Sensors and Sensors for Nanotechnology: Improving and Protecting Health, Safety, and the Environment' (Sensors NSI).
Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal launches new collaboration tools, ocean stories
This week, the Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean and partners launched new features on the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal -- an online toolkit and resource center that helps stakeholders find and visualize ocean use data through mapping.
Danitza Nébor's personal mission to find a cure for sickle-cell disease
For Jackson Laboratory postdoctoral associate Danitza Nébor, Ph.D., studying sickle-cell disease isn't just a research project: it's a personal mission.
Academic calls for laws to address intrusive potential of face recognition technologies
A telecommunications law academic in Australia has recommended for laws to be enacted criminalizing the application of face recognition technology to visual images online that enable the identity of a person or people to be ascertained without their consent.
Study shows sleep disturbances are common and influenced by race and ethnicity
A new study suggests that sleep disturbances and undiagnosed sleep apnea are common among middle-aged and older adults in the US, and these sleep problems occur more frequently among racial/ethnic minorities.

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