Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 23, 2015
Costs of War Project releases new reports on Afghanistan, Pakistan
Afghan security forces, like their fellow citizens more generally, do not view the US-led war in Afghanistan as 'their war.' This is a primary policy-relevant conclusion reached in one of two new reports issued today by the Costs of War Project at Brown's University's Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs.

Commodity market volatility more perception than reality
When grain and other commodity prices experienced explosive episodes between 2004 and 2013, the finger pointed toward index traders as the cause.

Unauthorized immigrants prolong the life of Medicare Trust Fund: JGIM study
Unauthorized immigrants pay billions more into Medicare's Hospital Insurance Trust Fund each year than they withdraw in health benefits.

Patient-initiated workplace violence affects counselors, treatment and outcomes, research finds
More than four out of five counselors who treat patients for substance abuse have experienced some form of patient-initiated workplace violence according to the first national study to examine the issue, led by Georgia State University Professor Brian E.

Do you do more than run in your Nikes? If so, you might not like them
Consumers might like variety when it comes to products to buy, but will using a product in a variety of circumstances and in a variety of ways lead consumers to like it more?

Driving with the wrong music genre can be deadly, according to new book
Brodsky maintains that choice of music can have a major influence on driving, and, in some circumstances, lead to serious and even fatal outcomes.

No change detected in quality of care with overnight hospital supervision
With the implementation of an on-site attending-level physician supervising the overnight medical residents, the Penn State Hershey Medical Center has not seen any significant impact on important clinical outcomes, according to medical researchers.

Old-school literature search helps ecologist identify puzzling parasite
A months-long literature search that involved tracking down century-old scientific papers and translating others from Czech and French helped University of Michigan ecologist Meghan Duffy answer a question she'd wondered about for years.

Early detection of highly pathogenic influenza viruses
Lack of appropriate drugs and vaccines during the influenza A virus pandemic in 2009, the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa, as well as the ongoing Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus outbreak demonstrates that the world is only insufficiently prepared for global attacks of emerging infectious diseases and that the handling of such threats remains a great challenge.

Annual low-dose CT screening safe and reliable for identifying pre-cancers
An annual exam using a key imaging technology could spare patients with lung nodules from unnecessary tests and surgery.

Drugs for impotence do not increase risk of melanoma
Using drugs for impotence does not increase the risk of malignant melanoma, researchers from Umeå University in Sweden conclude in a publication in JAMA, a top US medical journal.

PolyU develops big data analysis platform to unveil gene interactions in cancer
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) has achieved a breakthrough in the cancer genomics by developing a novel big data analysis platform for analyzing the interactions among genes.

Trinity scientists persuade volcanoes to tell their stories
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have discovered how to prise volcanic secrets from magma crystals.

Quiet that ringing in the brain
Epilepsy and tinnitus are both caused by overly excitable nerve cells.

Why do we love music? (video)
Whether it's rock, hip-hop, classical or deep house, everyone has a favorite kind of music.

ESC recommends uninterrupted vitamin K antagonists during ablation and device implantation
The European Society of Cardiology has recommended uninterrupted anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists during ablation and device implantation in a position paper presented today at EHRA EUROPACE -- CARDIOSTIM 2015 and published in EP Europace.

Dietary guidelines for Americans shouldn't place limits on total fat intake
In a Viewpoint published today in the Journal of the Medical Association, researchers from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University and Boston Children's Hospital call on the federal government to drop restrictions on total fat consumption in the forthcoming 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

First-of-its kind reference on pelvic malignancies published
Loyola University Medical Center radiation oncologist William Small, Jr., M.D., is co-editor of 'Radiation Therapy for Pelvic Malignancy and its Consequences,' the first-of-its kind stand-alone reference on the subject.

Tiny Dracula ants hunting underground in Madagascar and the Seychelles
Six new species of cryptic, subterranean ants from the genus Prionopelta have been described from the Malagasy region.

Men think they are math experts, therefore they are
Just because more men pursue careers in science and engineering does not mean they are actually better at math than women are.

Birds of a feather: Pigeon head crest findings extend to domesticated doves
Evolutionary biologist Michael Shapiro and his team from the University of Utah made international headlines in 2013 when they found that a prominent change in pigeon plumage, head crests, could be traced to a mutation in a single gene.

UK Graphene Exhibit at NANO KOREA 2015
he UK Graphene Pavilion at NANO KOREA is an initiative by leading graphene technology companies, research institutes and government agencies within the UK - which include Haydale Ltd., Thomas Swan & Co.

Neutron star's echoes give astronomers a new measuring stick
In late 2013, when the neutron star at the heart of one of our galaxy's oddest supernovae gave off a massive burst of X-rays, the resulting echoes -- created when the X-rays bounced off clouds of dust in interstellar space -- yielded a surprising new measuring stick for astronomers.

Daughter sees Taylor Swift poster, begs mom to buy her a nearby pencil box
Does your thirteen-year-old daughter rush headlong toward that Taylor Swift poster she sees in Target?

Understanding subduction zone earthquakes: The 2004 Sumatra earthquake example
The Dec. 26, 2004, Mw ~9.2 Indian Ocean earthquake (also known as the Sumatra-Andaman or Aceh-Andaman earthquake), which generated massive, destructive tsunamis, especially along the Aceh coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, clearly demonstrated the need for a better understanding of how frequently subduction zone earthquakes and tsunamis occur.

New University of Miami study predicts variation in illness severity in a population
A new study shows that when individual random quantities, such as reactions in the body, are instead correlated, and multiplied, the process gives rise to the ubiquitous, highly skewed pattern, and that this pattern is more accurately called a Weibull distribution.

Adolescents uncertain about risks of marijuana, e-cigarettes, Stanford study finds
Teenagers are very familiar with the risks of smoking cigarettes, but are much less sure whether marijuana or e-cigarettes are harmful, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Stanford research sheds light on how neurons control muscle movement
Stanford University researchers studying how the brain controls movement in people with paralysis, related to their diagnosis of Lou Gehrig's disease, have found that groups of neurons work together, firing in complex rhythms to signal muscles about when and where to move.

Nanometric sensor designed to detect herbicides can help diagnose multiple sclerosis
A nanobiosensor for the early diagnosis of certain types of cancer, as well as nervous system diseases such as multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica, was developed by researches in São Paulo State, Brazil.

Can heat be controlled as waves?
A progress article published June 23 in the journal Nature Materials describes recent developments and predicts future advances in phonon wave interference and thermal bandgap materials.

Viagra does something very important -- but it is unlikely to cause melanoma, researchers conclude
A rigorous analysis of more than 20,000 medical records concludes that erectile dysfunction drugs, such as Viagra, are not a cause of melanoma, an often deadly form of skin cancer, despite the higher risk for the disease among users of these drugs.

Dr. Christy Dibble honored by Rhode Island Department of Health
Christy Dibble, DO, director of Women & Infants' Center for Women's Gastrointestinal Health and assistant clinical professor in the Department of Medicine at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, has received the Dr.

Nanoparticle 'wrapper' delivers chemical that stops fatty buildup in rodent arteries
In what may be a major leap forward in the quest for new treatments of the most common form of cardiovascular disease, scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have found a way to halt and reverse the progression of atherosclerosis in rodents by loading microscopic nanoparticles with a chemical that restores the animals' ability to properly handle cholesterol.

Sweeping lasers snap together nanoscale geometric grids
New technique developed by Brookhaven Lab scientists to rapidly create multi-layered, self-assembled grids could transform the manufacture of high-tech coatings for anti-reflective surfaces, improved solar cells, and touchscreen electronics.

Innovative research probing causes of preterm birth funded by the March of Dimes
Five scientists were awarded 2015 March of Dimes Prematurity Research Initiative grants, to improve understanding of the biology of labor and delivery and discover what triggers the onset of preterm labor.

What is the role of the gut microbiome in developing Parkinson's disease?
Lifestyle factors such as smoking and coffee consumption, as well as blood urate levels, have been associated with a decreased PD risk.

Benefit of early screening for vascular disorder among extremely preterm infants
Among extremely preterm infants, early screening for the vascular disorder patent ductus arteriosus before day 3 of life was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital death and pulmonary hemorrhage, but not with differences in other severe complications, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA.

'Pick and mix' smart materials for robotics
Researchers have successfully combined multiple functions into a single smart life-like material for the first time.

Proximity to bike-sharing stations augments property values
Researchers at McGill studied house sales in central Montreal before and after the Bixi bike sharing system was launched in Montreal in 2009.

Diabetes medication reduces dementia risk
Treating people with type 2 diabetes, also known as 'age-related diabetes' with antidiabetics reduces their risk for Alzheimer's and other types of dementia.

Mirror-like display creates rich color pixels by harnessing ambient light
A new approach to realizing color displays breaks away from the RGB construct and provides a rich palette of colors at each mirror-pixel location.

Medication may stop drug and alcohol addiction
Researchers have successfully stopped cocaine and alcohol addiction in experiments using a drug already approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat high blood pressure.

Press registration open for Otolaryngology's Annual Meeting in Dallas
The 2015 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation will be held September 27 - 30 in Dallas, Texas.

When inflammation occurs, kidneys work to protect themselves, researchers find
In an apparent effort to help themselves, inflamed kidney cells produce one of the same inflammation-suppressing enzymes fetuses use to survive, researchers report.

The secret weapons of cabbages: Overcome by butterfly co-evolution
An international team of researchers has used the power of genomics to reveal the mechanisms of an ancient and ongoing arms-race between butterflies and plants, played out in countless gardens around the world as green caterpillars devour cabbage plants.

'Smarter' ordering of breast biomarker tests could save millions in health care dollars
A review of medical records for almost 200 patients with breast cancer suggests that more selective use of biomarker testing for such patients has the potential to save millions of dollars in health care spending without compromising care, according to Johns Hopkins researchers.

The physics of swimming fish
Fish may seem to glide effortlessly through the water, but the tiny ripples they leave behind are evidence of a constant give-and-take of energy between the swimmer and its aqueous environment -- a momentum exchange that propels the fish forward but is devilishly tricky to quantify.

3-5 cups of coffee per day may reduce CVD mortality risk by up to 21 percent
Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day could cut an individual's cardiovascular disease mortality risk by up to 21 percent, according to research highlighted in a EuroPRevent session report published by the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee, a not-for-profit organization devoted to the study and disclosure of science related to coffee and health.

OSIRIS-REx team prepares for next step
The various instruments that will enable OSIRIS-REx to safely travel to the asteroid Bennu, take a sample and return it to Earth are being readied for shipment to the spacecraft's assembly facility.

Astronomers explain why a star is so hot right now
Astronomers have solved a mystery over small, unusually hot blue stars, 10 times hotter than our Sun, that are found in the middle of dense star clusters.

SwRI, UTSA invest in 2 new joint research projects
Southwest Research Institute and the University of Texas at San Antonio announce the selection of two new research projects to receive $125,000 each through the Connecting through Research Partnerships Program.

With NIH award, professor aims to ease a 'bottleneck' in vaccine development
North­eastern pro­fessor of chem­ical engi­neering Shashi Murthy has received a four-year, $1.4 mil­lion award from the National Insti­tutes of Health to develop a novel instru­ment that would auto­mate an impor­tant process used in cre­ating effec­tive vaccines.

Sahti -- an old, home-brewed Finnish beer characterized for the first time
A group of experts from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland considered that it's high time to finally scientifically characterize sahti beer.

Holding on to the blues: Depressed individuals may fail to decrease sadness
Given that depression is characterized by intense and frequent negative feelings, like sadness, it might seem logical to develop interventions that target those negative feelings.

When certain consumers bought its lemonade, did Frito-Lay groan?
Positive customer feedback, to say nothing of positive sales, is always a good sign of a new product's potential success, right?

Survey: Many doctors misunderstand key facets of opioid abuse
Many primary care physicians -- the top prescribers of prescription pain pills in the United States -- don't understand basic facts about how people may abuse the drugs or how addictive different formulations of the medications can be, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Single gene controls fish brain size and intelligence
A single gene called Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) drives brain size and intelligence in fish according to a new study by researchers at UCL, Stockholm University and University of Helsinki.

New colon cancer culprit found in gut microbiome
Changes in the gut bacteria of colon cancer patients indicate that some virulent bacteria could be linked to the progression of the disease, according to research published in the open-access journal Genome Medicine.

Nanowire implants offer remote-controlled drug delivery
A team of researchers has created a new implantable drug-delivery system using nanowires that can be wirelessly controlled.

Multidrug-resistant TB appears less transmissible in households than drug-susceptible TB
Some strains of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) may have a lower fitness (be less capable of spreading) than drug-susceptible tuberculosis bacteria, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Scientists expect slightly below average Chesapeake Bay 'dead zone' this summer
Scientists are expecting that this year's Chesapeake Bay hypoxic low-oxygen zone, also called the 'dead zone,' will be approximately 1.37 cubic miles -- about the volume of 2.3 million Olympic-size swimming pools.

Getting children to embrace healthy food
If the packaging has an appealing design, primary school children also reach for healthy foods.

Study finds inaccuracy in dosing of edible medical marijuana products
An analysis of edible medical marijuana products from three major metropolitan areas found that many had lower amounts of key substances than labeled, which may not produce the desired medical benefit, while others contained significantly more of a certain substance than labeled, placing patients at risk of experiencing adverse effects, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA.

Discovery in the US of the New Guinea flatworm -- one of the worst known invasive species
The land planarian Platydemus manokwari, or New Guinea flatworm, is a highly invasive species, already reported in many territories in the Pacific area, as well as in France.

UCI-led study demonstrates how Huntington's disease proteins spread from cell to cell
By identifying in spinal fluid how the characteristic mutant proteins of Huntington's disease spread from cell to cell, UC Irvine scientists and colleagues have created a new method to quickly and accurately track the presence and proliferation of these neuron-damaging compounds -- a discovery that may accelerate the development of new drugs to treat this incurable disease.

Cocktail of chemicals may trigger cancer -- global taskforce calls for research into how everyday chemicals in our environment may cause cancer
A global taskforce of 174 scientists from leading research centers across 28 countries studied the link between mixtures of commonly encountered chemicals and the development of cancer.

Toward tiny, solar-powered sensors
Last week, at the Symposia on VLSI Technology and Circuits, MIT researchers presented a new power converter chip that can harvest more than 80 percent of the energy trickling into it, even at the extremely low power levels characteristic of tiny solar cells.

A reinforced cylinder leads to fewer repeat surgeries for children born with heart defect
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital defect in which the left side of the heart does not develop properly, impairing normal circulation.

Survival of the gutless? Filter-feeders eject internal organs in response to stress
A recent Tel Aviv University study explores the ability of a common coral reef organism to eviscerate and regenerate its gut within 12 days and rebuild its filtration organ, the branchial sac, within 19 days.

Researchers identify new class of antifungal agents
Researchers have identified a new class of antifungals to treat the more than 300 million people worldwide who develop serious fungal infections.

The pertussis pathogen -- New findings
The worldwide spreading of the whooping cough, also known as pertussis, has substantially increased since 2010.

Justice system chips away at women's rights
Arrests of women increased dramatically in the past two decades, while domestic abuse laws meant to protect female victims have put many behind bars for defending themselves, a new paper argues.

New light in terahertz window
The terahertz range is one of the last sections of the electromagnetic spectrum -- which extends from radio waves through optical applications right up to X-ray radiation -- that is still rarely used in everyday life.

University of Iowa studies impact of marijuana on driving
A new study conducted at the University of Iowa's National Advanced Driving Simulator has found drivers who use alcohol and marijuana together weave more on a virtual roadway than drivers who use either substance independently.

Not drunk driving is often against the lore: QUT study
Cultural 'lore' outweighs criminal law when Indigenous drivers in regional and remote communities get behind the wheel drunk, a new study by Queensland University of Technology has found.

Current blood cancer drug prices not justified, MD Anderson study finds
The costs associated with cancer drug prices have risen dramatically over the past 15 years, which is of concern to many top oncologists.

New textbook on breast cancer biology is first of its kind
Loyola University Health System radiation oncologist William Small, Jr., M.D., is co-editor of the first textbook of its kind devoted to describing the biological complexities of breast cancer in a way that is relevant to radiation oncologists.

Single-catalyst water splitter produces clean-burning hydrogen 24/7
Stanford University scientists have invented a low-cost water splitter that uses a single catalyst to produce both hydrogen and oxygen gas 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

AGA announces $10.5 million endowment to fund GI research
The American Gastroenterological Association is pleased to announce that the AGA Research Foundation has raised more than $10.5 million to support digestive disease and hepatology research through the Looking Forward: Giving Back endowment campaign.

Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight
Toronto -- A group of passengers who thought they were going to die when their plane ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean in August, 2001 have had their brains scanned while recalling the terrifying moments to help science better understand trauma memories and how they are processed in the brain.

UVA fertilization discovery may lead to male contraceptive
Groundbreaking new reproductive research from the School of Medicine has identified key molecular events that could be playing a critical role as sperm and egg fuse to create new life.

East European craton book with 3-D models now available in print or online
The results of regional geological study and geophysical surveying, including interpretation of common midpoint seismic geotraverses (1-EU, TATSEIS, and 4B in Russia; DOBRE in Ukraine; FIRE project in Finland), bear new information on 3-D deep crustal structure and geological history of the early Precambrian East European craton.

New knowledge: Parkinson's disease may begin in the gut
A major epidemiological registry-based study from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital indicates that Parkinson's disease begins in the gastrointestinal tract.

X marks the spot: Researchers confirm novel method for controlling plasma rotation
Timothy Stoltzfus-Dueck, a physicist at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, has demonstrated a novel method that scientists can use to manipulate the intrinsic - or self-generated - rotation of hot, charged plasma gas within fusion facilities called tokamaks.

Below-average 'dead zone' predicted for Chesapeake Bay in 2015
A University of Michigan researcher and his colleagues are forecasting a slightly below-average but still significant 'dead zone' this summer in the Chesapeake Bay, the nation's largest estuary.

Symposia selected for the 2016 International Congress of Entomology
Nearly 300 symposia have been accepted for the 2016 International Congress of Entomology, which will take place Sept.

The shame of psychology
Thomas Scheff would like psychologists to talk about emotion -- not simply to share feelings, but to advance science.

Shining a stochastic spotlight on Ebola
Lehigh engineers were recently awarded a one-year Collaborative Research (CORE) Grant from the University to apply stochastic modeling to the spread of Ebola.

Physicists fine-tune control of agile exotic materials
Physicists have found a way to control the length and strength of waves of atomic motion called polaritons that have promising potential uses such as fine-scale imaging and the transmission of information within tight spaces.

'Fitness' foods may cause consumers to eat more and exercise
Weight-conscious consumers are often drawn to foods such as Clif Bars and Wheaties, whose packaging suggests that they promote fitness.

In Beijing, does a desire for status mean Chevrolets over Senovas?
Everyone in China knows global automobile brands such as Ford and Chevrolet.

Aflibercept in macular oedema after BRVO: No hint of added benefit
No added benefit can be derived from the dossier because the drug manufacturer presented no relevant data.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators underused among older patients after heart attack
Among Medicare patients who experienced a heart attack from 2007 to 2010, fewer than 1 in 10 eligible patients with low ejection fraction (a measure of how well the left ventricle of the heart pumps blood with each beat) received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator within 1 year after the heart attack, even though ICD implantation was associated with a lower risk of death at 2 years after implantation, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA.

Mixed findings regarding quality of evidence supporting benefit of medical marijuana
In an analysis of the findings of nearly 80 randomized trials that included about 6,500 participants, there was moderate-quality evidence to support the use of cannabinoids (chemical compounds that are the active principles in cannabis or marijuana) for the treatment of chronic pain and lower-quality evidence suggesting that cannabinoids were associated with improvements in nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy, sleep disorders, and Tourette syndrome, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA.

Rare neurons enable mental flexibility
OIST researchers identify the neurons that help adapt to changing environments.

Louisiana Tech University chemistry student awarded EPA Fellowship
Joshua Tully, a chemistry student at Louisiana Tech University, was recently awarded a Greater Research Opportunities Fellowship with the US Environmental Protection Agency for his research on natural clay nanotubes for water purification.

How will cold-loving Antarctic fish respond to warming ocean waters?
Climate change will be a real shock to Antarctic fishes' physiological systems, says Northeastern professor William Detrich.

German literature scholar Dagmar von Hoff receives Casimirus Magnus Medal
Dagmar von Hoff, full professor of Modern German Literature at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany, has received the Casimirus Magnus Medal from the Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz in Poland for the successful implementation of an academic cooperation project.

Fewer than 1 in 10 older heart patients get life-saving defibrillators
Heart attack patients age 65 and older who have reduced heart function might still benefit from implanted defibrillators, according to a Duke Medicine study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

EORTC and Andaman7 are working together to develop Synchronized Health Records
Vincent Keunen runs the software development company that developed Andaman7, a collaborative electronic health record for doctors and patients.

Study concludes that racehorses are getting faster
Despite a general consensus among scientists and in the racing industry that racehorse speed has plateaued, a new study from the University of Exeter has found that racehorses are getting quicker.

Disabled people pilot a robot remotely with their thoughts
Using a telepresence system developed at EPFL, 19 people -- including nine quadriplegics -- were able to remotely control a robot located in one of the university laboratories.

Medical marijuana 'edibles' mostly mislabeled, study shows
In a proof-of-concept study, a team led by a Johns Hopkins researcher reports that the vast majority of edible cannabis products sold in a small sample of medical marijuana dispensaries carried labels that overstated or understated the amount of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

The true cost of fueling conflict
In a paper recently published in the journal Public Budgeting & Finance, Concordia engineering professor Ketra Schmitt and her colleagues show that, between 2000 and 2011, the annual fuel expenditures of the DOD were between one and nine billion dollars higher than initially forecast.

Consciousness has less control than believed, according to new theory
The conscious mind seems to be in control of thoughts, urges and emotions, but in reality it functions as a conduit, says an SF State psychologist.

Generic heart disease medications offer promise for Ebola treatment
Generic medications used frequently in the management of heart disease patients also have the potential to bolster the immune systems of patients with Ebola virus and some other life-threatening illnesses, researchers report this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Drug used in ED medications associated with small increased risk of malignant melanoma
Among men in Sweden, use of erectile dysfunctions drugs with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors was associated with a modest but significant increased risk of malignant melanoma, although the pattern of association raises questions about whether this association is causal, according to a study in the June 23/30 issue of JAMA.

Biomanufacturing of CdS quantum dots
A team of Lehigh University engineers have demonstrated a bacterial method for the low-cost, environmentally friendly synthesis of aqueous soluble quantum dot nanocrystals at room temperature.

Researchers develop new breath test to diagnose esophageal and gastric cancer
Researchers have devised a breath test that can help doctors diagnose the early signs of esophageal and gastric cancer in minutes.

New model calculates how air transport connects the world
In a study published in the journal Transportation Research Part E, a team of MIT researchers outlines a model that determines the degree to which regions around the world are connected via air transportation.

Robust new process forms 3-D shapes from flat sheets of graphene
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new approach for forming 3-D shapes from flat, 2-D sheets of graphene, paving the way for future integrated systems of graphene-MEMS hybrid devices and flexible electronics.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Kujira move into the Gulf of Tonkin
Tropical Storm Kujira tracked over Hainan Island, China, and moved into the Gulf of Tonkin when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.

SPECTAlung providing patients with thoracic tumors efficient clinical trial access
Our understanding of tumor biology has improved and continues to expand at a rapid pace, and this has opened new opportunities for cancer clinical trials, particularly for thoracic tumors.

Potential treatment target identified for rare form of diabetes, other disorders
Scientists working to find treatments for a rare and severe form of diabetes known as Wolfram syndrome have identified a gatekeeper that prevents harmful molecules from spilling and triggering cell death.

EACR, AACR and the Italian Cancer Society honor Dr. D'Incalci with Pezcoller-Prodi Award
Dr. Maurizio D'Incalci will receive the first Pezcoller-Prodi Award in Scientific Career in recognition of his work in translational cancer research and his contribution to the advancement of new avenues in therapeutic oncology.

Bionic eye clinical trial results show long-term safety, efficacy vision-restoring implant
The three-year clinical trial results of the retinal implant popularly known as the 'bionic eye,' have proven the long-term efficacy, safety and reliability of the device that restores vision in those blinded by a rare, degenerative eye disease.

National identity: Does buying local mean shunning global?
US consumers are often urged to 'buy American,' and some special interest groups even claim that buying foreign products is inappropriate, or even immoral.

Darwin's finches have reached their limits on the Galápagos
The evolution of birds on the Galápagos Islands, the cradle of Darwin's theory of evolution, is a two-speed process.

NASA simulation suggests black holes may make ideal dark matter labs
A new NASA computer simulation shows that dark matter particles colliding in the extreme gravity of a black hole can produce strong, potentially observable gamma-ray light.

Stem cell injections improve diabetic neuropathy in animal models
Rats modeled with diabetic neuropathy were randomly assigned to BM-MSC or saline injection 12 weeks after diabetes modeling to investigate whether local transplantation could attenuate or reverse experimental DN.

CT allows nonsurgical management of some lung nodules
People who have nonsolid lung nodules can be safely monitored with annual low-dose computed tomography screening, according to a new study.

Color memory influenced by categories, according to new Rutgers-Camden research
While color perception universally involves the practice of categorizing colors according to basic labels, a new study at Rutgers University-Camden investigates the influence of categorization on color memory.

Study identifies multiple genetic changes linked to increased pancreatic cancer risk
In a genome-wide association study believed to be the largest of its kind, Johns Hopkins researchers have uncovered four regions in the human genome where changes may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.

Smoking may impact survival after a breast cancer diagnosis
Researchers have found that smoking may increase the risk of dying early in premenopausal women with breast cancer.

Photo selection study reveals we don't look like we think we look
Be careful when choosing your next passport photo or profile image as a new study suggests we are so poor a picking good likenesses of our face that strangers make better selections.

Researchers reconstruct dinosaur tracks
Twelve years ago, footprints of carnivorous dinosaurs were discovered and excavated in a quarry near Goslar.

No need for sophisticated hunting techniques: Equatorial bats live the easy life
Most of the world's bats use extremely sophisticated hunting techniques, but not bats around the equator.

Russia's renewable energy policy: Profitable for investors
In 2013, Russia implemented an incentive system for renewable energy sources that is based on the wholesale electricity capacity mechanism.

Researchers identify gene mutation that can cause key-hole shape defect in eye
A scientific collaboration, involving the Manchester Centre for Genomic Medicine at Saint Mary's Hospital, UK, and the Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine in Naples, Italy, has pinpointed the genetic cause of a rare form of blindness, which can present itself as a key-hole shaped defect in the eye in newborn babies.

Road traffic noise linked to deaths and increased strokes
Living in an area with noisy road traffic may reduce life expectancy.
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