Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 25, 2015
Poppies provide missing piece of morphine biosynthesis puzzle
Researchers studying poppy plants -- the natural source of pain-relieving alkaloids, such as morphine and codeine -- have identified a fusion gene that facilitates important, back-to-back steps in the plant's morphine-producing pathway.

Drug discovery for Parkinson's disease: LCSB researchers grow neurons in 3-D
The progressive loss of neurons in the brain of Parkinson's patients is slow yet inexorable.

A tale of two whales
A new study led by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego indicates a steady population trend for blue whales and an upward population trend for fin whales in Southern California.

Glasses that shine green light into the eyes could be the answer to insomnia
A pilot study led by a University at Buffalo researcher will use a pair of glasses that shine light into the wearer's eyes to solve insomnia among lung cancer patients.

Long-acting antipsychotic medication may improve treatment for schizophrenia
A UCLA study shows an injectable drug given every two weeks works better than a daily pill for those who have been recently diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Future Science Group showcases UK Parkinson's Excellence Network
The newly launched UK Parkinson's Excellence Network can transform care for those affected by Parkinson's, according to an article in Neurodegenerative Disease Management.

Multiple pathways progressing to Alzheimer's disease
UC San Diego School of Medicine researchers report that the amyloid cascade hypothesis, long believed to describe the pathology of Alzheimer's disease, is not a fixed and invariable sequence of events.

Most of America's poor have jobs, study finds
Sociologists evaluated 129 existing methods for defining the 'working poor' and propose one method as a unified definition.

Tapping into electronic health records to improve care for patients with chronic kidney disease
The National Kidney Disease Education Program's Health Information Technology Working Group has identified strategies for using electronic health records to improve care for patients with chronic kidney disease, outlining specific design features and goals.

Low scores on memory and thinking tests may signal Alzheimer's earlier than thought
A new study suggests that errors on memory and thinking tests may signal Alzheimer's up to 18 years before the disease can be diagnosed.

Disconnect between doctors and patients on use of email and Facebook
A large number of patients use online communication tools such as email and Facebook to engage with their physicians, despite recommendations from some hospitals and professional organizations that clinicians limit email contact with patients and avoid 'friending' patients on social media, new research suggests.

Top scientists call for improved incentives to ensure research integrity
Scientific controversies, from problems replicating results - such as with the now debunked association between autism and MMR vaccines -- to researcher misconduct and sensationalism, have led to speculation of 'trouble at the lab,' as the Economist put it.

Redrawing language map of brain
For 140 years, scientists' understanding of language comprehension in the brain came from individuals with stroke.

Researchers uncover epigenetic switches that turn stem cells into blood vessel cells
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a molecular mechanism that directs embryonic stem cells to mature into endothelial cells -- the specialized cells that form blood vessels.

Backward-moving glacier helps scientists explain glacial earthquakes
New insight into glacier behavior will improve the reliability of models that predict future sea-level rise in a warming climate.

India's abortion law puts women at risk and should be changed
Proposed amendments to India's abortion law are 'contradictory' and need 'urgent redrafting' to prevent women from making ill informed decisions and risking their lives with illegal terminations, writes a senior doctor in The BMJ this week.

A person's diet, acidity of urine may affect susceptibility to UTIs
The acidity of urine -- as well as the presence of small molecules related to diet -- may influence how well bacteria can grow in the urinary tract, a new study shows.

Fetuses more vulnerable to some environmental contaminants penetrating into cord blood
A new research featured in the Environmental Science and Technology published by the American Chemical Society suggests that the fetus is more vulnerable to some pollutants with certain properties because they penetrate further into the feto-maternal system.

Pet care can help improve adolescents' Type 1 diabetes management, pediatricians find
UT Southwestern Medical Center pediatric diabetes researchers found that incorporating routine pet care into a child's diabetes self-care plan can significantly improve monitoring of the disease, resulting in lower blood glucose levels.

As siblings learn how to resolve conflict, parents pick up a few tips of their own
URBANA, Ill. -- When children participated in a program designed to reduce sibling conflict, both parents benefited from a lessening of hostilities on the home front.

Starfish that clone themselves live longer
Starfish that reproduce through cloning avoid ageing to a greater extent than those that propagate through sexual reproduction.

IU research: A microRNA may provide therapy against pancreatic cancer
Indiana University cancer researchers found that a particular microRNA may be a potent therapeutic agent against pancreatic cancer.

Infection preventionists may spend more time collecting data than protecting patients
Collecting and reporting hospital infection data to federal health agencies takes more than five hours each day, at the expense of time needed to ensure that frontline healthcare personnel are adhering to basic infection prevention practices such as hand hygiene, according to a recent case study, to be presented on Saturday, June 27, at the 42nd Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

The Lancet: New rapid diagnostic test for Ebola could be game changer in the fight against the disease
A new test can accurately predict within minutes if an individual has Ebola Virus Disease, according to new research published in The Lancet.

Sandia's Z machine helps solve Saturn's 2-billion-year age problem
Data from Z-machine experiments at Sandia National Laboratories may help explain why Saturn appears 2 billion years younger than its neighbor Jupiter in some computer simulations.

Flamboyance of the flamingo explored in new book
They are among the most iconic and easily-recognizable animals anywhere in the world, and play a striking role in both art and popular culture throughout the ages.

What controls blood flow in the brain?
In a paper published on June 25 in Neuron, Yale University scientists present the strongest evidence yet that smooth muscle cells surrounding blood vessels in the brain are the only cells capable of contracting to control blood vessel diameter and thus regulate blood flow.

NASA technology protects Webb telescope from contamination
Contamination from organic molecules can harm delicate instruments and engineers are taking special care at NASA to prevent that from affecting the James Webb Space Telescope (and all satellites and instruments).

Researchers question what happens in the brain when we think
New research from Lund University in Sweden questions the prevailing doctrine on how the brain absorbs and processes information.

SHSU professor investigates parent-child visitation in prison
It's not 'cupcakes and lollipops' for most children who visit a parent in prison, with two-thirds reported to have negative experiences including fear, anger, anxiety, and related reactions, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Justice by Melinda Tasca, Ph.D., of Sam Houston State University.

Computer simulation predicts development, progress of pressure sores
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have devised a computational model that could enhance understanding, diagnosis and treatment of pressure ulcers related to spinal cord injury.

Smartphone app may prevent dangerous freezing of gait in Parkinson's patients
CuPID is striving to provide personalized rehabilitation for patients with Parkinson's disease who experience gait disturbances.

Chimps are sensitive to what is right and wrong
How a chimpanzee views a video of an infant chimp from another group being killed gives a sense of how human morality and social norms might have evolved.

NASA's SDO sees mid-level solar flare
The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 4:16 a.m.

Electrical engineers break power and distance barriers for fiber optic communication
Photonics researchers at the University of California, San Diego have increased the maximum power -- and therefore distance -- at which optical signals can be sent through optical fibers.

More endangered pygmy sloths in Panama than previously estimated
Pygmy sloths wander inland in addition to inhabiting the mangrove fringes of their island refuge.

New conductive ink for electronic apparel
University of Tokyo researchers have developed a new ink that can be printed on textiles in a single step to form highly conductive and stretchable connections.

Are your emotional responses normal or abnormal?
We all feel emotion, we all get upset, can feel low, angry and overjoyed, but when do these emotional responses become something of a medical concern?

Antarctic sponges: DNA barcoding discloses diversity
Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have used DNA barcoding to elucidate the diversity of the sponge fauna found in Antarctic waters.

Glacial quakes may serve as indicators of glacier disruption
Observations of Greenland's Helheim Glacier link the process through which chunks of ice at the edge of a glacier break away, which has been hard to study, to seismically detectable events known as glacial earthquakes, which have been increasing in number in recent years.

A single mutation helped last year's flu virus gain an advantage over the vaccine
The 2014-2015 flu vaccine didn't work as well compared to previous years because the H3N2 virus recently acquired a mutation that concealed the infection from the immune system.

SSRI antidepressants taken for menopausal symptoms may boost bone fracture risk
The class of antidepressants known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), taken to curb menopausal symptoms, may boost bone fracture risk, suggests research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.

Lax rules put Congo's forests, key carbon reserve, at risk
Without new conservation efforts, the Democratic Republic of Congo could lose up to 20 percent of its forests, unleashing a 60 percent increase in carbon emissions from one of the largest carbon reserves in the world, a new study shows.

Iron: A biological element?
Think of an object made of iron: An I-beam, a car frame, a nail.

Using NASA data to show how raindrops could save rupees
A study, partially funded by NASA's Precipitation Measurement Missions, found that collecting rainwater for vegetable irrigation could reduce water bills, increase caloric intake and even provide a second source of income for people in India. announces new 2015 Translational Research Awards announces today that the Board of Trustees has awarded $1M to launch the Read-Through Program, further translational research in the area of neuro-habilitation, and fund clinical research.

Commenters exposed to prejudiced comments more likely to display prejudice themselves
Comment sections on websites continue to be an environment for trolls to spew racist opinions.

Study finds a good appetizer could make your main course less enjoyable
Jacob Lahne, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Center for Hospitality and Sport Management, published a study about how a good appetizer can make people enjoy the main course less, and a mediocre appetizer can make them enjoy the main course more.

UCLA studies identify predictors of depression and PTSD among African-Americans, Latinos
Chronic disease and mental health issues disproportionately affect low-income African-Americans, Latinos and Hispanics, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

New NASA supercomputer model shows planet making waves in nearby debris disk
A new NASA supercomputer simulation of the planet and debris disk around the nearby star Beta Pictoris reveals that the planet's motion drives spiral waves throughout the disk, a phenomenon that causes collisions among the orbiting debris.

Three simple rules govern complex brain circuit in fly
Think the nest of cables under your desk is bad?

Women in developed world still face many barriers to early abortion
Women in developed countries still find it very difficult to get an abortion in early pregnancy, despite facing fewer legal constraints than in other parts of the world, concludes an analysis of the available evidence, published in the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

Heat-tolerant genes may rescue corals from increasing temperatures
The reef-building coral, Acropora millepora, can pass its tolerance for heat on to the next generation via its DNA, according to a new study.

Chloroplast tubes play a key role in plants' immune defense
When plant cells are infected with pathogens, networks of tiny tubes called stromules grow from the chloroplasts to the cell's nucleus and trigger programmed cell death and innate immune responses.

INFORMS journal study: Learning early about late flights
A new study published in the Articles in Advance section of Transportation Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), improves how air traffic managers cope with unexpected delays and provides them with more predictable ways to manage arrival traffic at airports with adverse weather.

Genetic discovery uncovers key tool for morphine production in poppies
Scientists at the University of York and GlaxoSmithKline Australia have made a key genetic discovery in poppies, paving the way for more effective painkillers.

Optimizing shale gas production from well to wire
Northwestern University professor Fengqi You analyzed the life-cycle of the shale gas supply chain and operations and found that the process systems can be made more environmentally and economically friendly.

Cancer and vampires: An evolutionary approach
A Hebrew University of Jerusalem scientist has developed a new Internet tool that will allow any investigator, physician or patient to analyze genes according to their evolutionary profile and find associated genes.

Smoother signals sent through optical fibers
Researchers have figured out a way to pump more light farther along an optical fiber, offering engineers a potential solution to the so-called 'capacity crunch' that threatens to limit bandwidth on the Web.

Research matters
'We seek this new Research Matters format for individual scientists to tell the public how diverse fundamental research into pathogens assures real and compelling impact on public health, human knowledge and life,' state Kasturi Haldar and Grant McFadden, the journal's editors-in-chief in their introductory editorial, which, alongside the first two first contributions to the new series, will be published on June 25 in PLOS Pathogens.

Breakthrough graphene production could trigger revolution in artificial skin development
A pioneering new technique to produce high-quality, low cost graphene could pave the way for the development of the first truly flexible 'electronic skin,' that could be used in robots.

Corals are already adapting to global warming, scientists say
Some coral populations already have genetic variants necessary to tolerate warm ocean waters, and humans can help to spread these genes, a team of scientists from The University of Texas at Austin, the Australian Institute of Marine Science and Oregon State University have found.

Songbirds have a thing for patterns
You might think that young children would first learn to recognize sounds and then learn how those categories of sounds fit together into words.

New class of compounds shrinks pancreatic cancer tumours and prevents regrowth
Scientists from UCL (University College London) have designed a chemical compound that has reduced the growth of pancreatic cancer tumours by 80 percent in treated mice.

The silent partner in macromolecular crystals
On average, the mother liquor or solvent and its constituents occupy about 50 percent of a macromolecular crystal.

New target identified for inhibiting malaria parasite invasion
A new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health finds that a malaria parasite protein called calcineurin is essential for parasite invasion into red blood cells.

Calcium uptake by mitochondria makes heart beat harder in fight-or-flight response
In a life-threatening situation, the heart beats faster and harder, invigorated by the fight-or-flight response, which instantaneously prepares a person to react or run.

New Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research journal commends President Obama's signal of support for medical marijuana
Mary Ann Liebert, publisher of the newly launched peer-reviewed open-access journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, strongly supports President Obama's statement that

Group calls for more transparency in science research, announces guidelines
An international group of academic leaders, journal editors and funding-agency representatives and disciplinary leaders, including Rick Wilson, the Herbert S.

How does the brain recognize faces from minimal information?
Our brain recognizes objects within milliseconds, even if it only receives rudimentary visual information.

Caya contoured diaphragm is first new diaphragm design to enter the US market in 50 years
With the launch of the Caya* contoured diaphragm this June, women in the United States will have access to a method of contraception that is nonhormonal, has few side effects, and can be used for up to two years.

Past water patterns drive present wading bird numbers
Wading bird numbers in the Florida Everglades are driven by water patterns that play out over multiple years according to a new study by the US Geological Survey and Florida Atlantic University.

New breath test for pneumonia
Researchers from the University of Manchester are part of a team that has identified an important new approach to diagnose infections in critically ill patients rapidly and accurately.

Medically complex patients with Type 2 diabetes could benefit from seeing a specialist soon
People recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and who have other serious chronic health issues have less heart disease and lower death rates if they see an endocrinologist within one year of diagnosis, new research suggests.

New approach holds promise for earlier, easier detection of colorectal cancer
Chemists at Caltech have developed a new sensitive electrochemical technique capable of detecting colorectal cancer in tissue samples -- a method that could one day be used in clinical settings for the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.

Some forestlands cool climate better without trees, Dartmouth-led study finds
Forests worldwide are increasingly used to store carbon as a way to slow climate change, but a Dartmouth-led study finds that some wooded areas may be more valuable without trees, allowing the cleared landscape to reflect rather than absorb the sun's energy.

Penn researchers identify stem-like progenitor cell that exclusively forms heart muscle
Future therapies for failing hearts are likely to include stem-like cells and associated growth factors that regenerate heart muscle.

TSRI team gets new close-up view of key part of Ebola virus life cycle
A new study led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute reveals a key part of the Ebola virus life cycle at a higher resolution than ever before.

Exercising early in life yields rewards in adult years
What impact can exercise done early in life have on the propensity for exercising during the adult years?

Earth's daily rotation period encoded in an atomic-level protein structure
A collaborative group of Japanese researchers has demonstrated that the Earth's daily rotation period (24 hours) is encoded in the KaiC protein at the atomic level, a small, 10 nm-diameter biomolecule expressed in cyanobacterial cells.The results of this joint research will help elucidate a longstanding question in chronobiology: How is the circadian period of biological clocks determined?

Brain scan can predict who responds best to certain treatment for OCD
A new study by researchers at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA suggests that a certain detail from patients' brain scans could help clinicians identify which people are more likely to relapse after cognitive-behavioral therapy -- and why.

Tracking the genetic arms race between humans and mosquitoes
Individual populations of mosquitoes are under strong evolutionary pressure from humans and their environment, a new study shows.

Development of new blood vessels not essential to growth of lymph node metastases
A Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center research team reports has found that the growth of metastases in lymph nodes -- the most common site of cancer spread -- does not require the development of new blood vessels, potentially explaining why antiangiogenesis drugs have failed to prevent the development of new metastases.

Online computer game can help shed weight and reduce food intake
A simple new computerised game could help people control their snacking impulses and lose weight.

Children with severe head injuries are casualties of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
During the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, US combat support hospitals treated at least 650 children with severe, combat-related head injuries, according to a special article in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Laser spectroscopy: A novel microscope for nanosystems
Scientists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics can image the optical properties of individual nanoparticles with a novel microscope.

Feinstein Institute presents Cerami Award to a University of Pittsburgh transplant surgeon
The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Molecular Medicine announced today that the fourth Anthony Cerami Award in Translational Medicine will be conferred to Thomas E.

Digital messages on vehicle windshields make driving less safe
Augmented-reality head-up displays (AR-HUDs) that present digital images on windshields to alert drivers to everything from possible collisions to smart phone activity, are meant to make driving safer.

University of Kentucky researcher to develop artificial blood for mosquitoes
A University of Kentucky professor's laboratory continues to advance research on controlling one of the world's most notorious species of pests, the mosquito.

Stanford researchers stretch a thin crystal to get better solar cells
An interdisciplinary team at Stanford has made a semiconductor crystal with a variable band gap.

Cancer drug makes fruit flies live longer
Adult fruit flies given a cancer drug live 12 percent longer than average, according to a UCL-led study researching healthy ageing.

European rule changes on cross border pet transport may heighten rabies risk
Recent changes to regulations on the transport of pets across Europe may have increased the threat of introducing rabies from rescue dogs into countries considered free of the disease, suggests research published in Veterinary Record.

Giant galaxy is still growing
New observations with ESO's Very Large Telescope have revealed thatthe giant elliptical galaxy Messier 87 has swallowed an entire medium-sized galaxy over the last billion years.

New study: Tart cherry juice reduced post-race respiratory tract symptoms after a marathon
While previous research suggests tart cherry juice may help aid muscle recovery after extensive exercise, a new pilot study published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition found that Montmorency tart cherry juice reduced upper respiratory tract symptoms associated with marathon running in study participants.

Synthetic biology used to engineer new route to biochemicals
UC Davis chemists create a new pathway that allows E.

UNC researchers develop innovative gene transfer-based treatment approach
University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers have developed an innovative, experimental gene transfer-based treatment for children with giant axonal neuropathy.

Waging war on Australia's nastiest parasite: scientists map blowfly genome
Researchers have decoded the Australian sheep blowfly genome, adding ammunition to the battle against one of the nation's most insidious pests.

Helen DeVos Children's hospital prints first 3D heart using multiple imaging techniques
Congenital heart experts from Spectrum Health Helen DeVos Children's Hospital have successfully integrated two common imaging techniques to produce a three-dimensional anatomic model of a patient's heart.

Targeting nerve endings to curb allergic asthma
A study from Boston Children's Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School supports a surprising alternative approach to controlling asthma: targeting certain sensory nerve endings in the lungs.

Targeted nanoparticles can overcome drug resistance in trypanosomes
Sleeping sickness threatens millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is considered fatal if untreated, but treatment options are limited.

Spiral arms cradle baby terrestrial planets
New work from Carnegie's Alan Boss offers a potential solution to a longstanding problem in the prevailing theory of how rocky planets formed in our own Solar System, as well as in others.

AASLD updates guidance for use of hepatitis C drugs
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, in partnership with the Infectious Diseases Society of America and in collaboration with the International Antiviral Society-USA, created online Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C in 2014 to aid practitioners treating patients infected with hepatitis C virus.

Study highlights 'important safety issue' with widely used MRI contrast agents
New results in animals highlight a major safety concern regarding a class of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents used in millions of patients each year, according to a paper published online by the journal Investigative Radiology.

Rapid Ebola diagnostic successful in field trial
A new test can accurately diagnose Ebola virus disease within minutes at the point of care.

New drug squashes cancer's last-ditch efforts to survive
The Salk Institute and Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute created a compound that stops a cellular recycling process.

Therapy affects the brain of people with Tourette syndrome
In addition to its effect on chronic tics, cognitive behavioral therapy can change the brain function of people with Tourette syndrome.

Compound in magnolia may combat head and neck cancers
As one of the compounds in magnolia extract, honokiol has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine to treat anxiety and other conditions.

Experimental treatment sends deadly leukemia into remission
An experimental new treatment approach for a rare, deadly leukemia can send the disease into remission even in patients for whom the standard therapy has failed, a pilot study has found.

Head Start program played anti-segregation role in the Deep South
A federal preschool program did more than improve educational opportunities for poor children in Mississippi during the 1960s.

Solving the next step in the mystery of prions
Working towards the ultimate goal to develop therapeutics to treat diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, ALS, and BSE (Mad Cow Disease), University of Alberta scientists Michael Woodside, Hao Yu, and Derek Dee are investigating the physical principles underlying the formation of misfolded protein aggregates.

Alzheimer's disease works differently in patients with and without Down syndrome
Researchers at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging have completed a study that revealed differences in the way brain inflammation -- considered a key component of Alzheimer's disease -- is expressed in different subsets of patients, in particular people with Down syndrome and AD.

Wistar scientists pinpoint mutations responsible for ineffective 2014-2015 flu vaccine
Viruses like influenza have the ability to mutate over time, and given that the flu vaccines administered during the 2014-2015 season were largely ineffective at preventing the spread of the flu, it appears the virus that recently circulated had taken on mutations not accounted for when last year's vaccine was developed.

Springer presents new white paper on Springer Book Archives
A new white paper on Springer Book Archives (SBA) has just been released by Springer, in partnership with Maverick Publishing Services: Reflections on closing the gap in research.

Pre-empting pressure ulcers in individuals with spinal cord injury
Pressure ulcers affect more than 2.5 million Americans annually and patients who have spinal cord injuries that impair movement are more vulnerable to ulcer development.

Fructose produces less rewarding sensations in the brain
Fructose not only results in a lower level of satiety, it also stimulates the reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose.

Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian oil sands
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a study that shows gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands has a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.

Pilot program in pediatric long-term care facility halves topical antibiotic use
A pilot antibiotic stewardship program at a pediatric long-term care facility brought about a 59 percent decrease in use of a topical antibiotic and an 83 percent decrease in orders for antibiotics without proper documentation during a six-month period, according to a new study.

Revisiting the restriction of antibiotics
Antibiotic resistance, and multi-drug resistance, is a major public health threat.

Want to be seen as more loving and a better cook?
Do you want to be seen as a better cook and a more loving parent?

New report: Investments in neglected tropical diseases one of the best buys in development
A new report by Uniting to Combat NTDs highlights dramatic health and economic benefits from investing in combating neglected tropical diseases, making it one of the best buys in development.

The quantum spin Hall effect is a fundamental property of light
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan have demonstrated that the quantum spin Hall effect -- an effect known to take place in solid state physics -- is also an intrinsic property of light.

Writing program with student interaction creates sense of purpose for seniors
A unique program combining a life review writing workshop with conversations between seniors and college students enhances the sense of meaning in life for older adults living independently, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Doctors and scientists call for divestment from fossil fuel companies
Over 50 leading doctors and academics including Fiona Godlee, editor in chief of The BMJ, have signed an open letter published in The Guardian today calling on the Wellcome Trust to divest from fossil fuel companies. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to