Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 26, 2015
Opening a new route to photonics
Berkeley scientists have developed a technique for effectively controlling pulses of light in closely packed nanoscale waveguides, an essential requirement for ultrahigh density, ultracompact integrated photonic circuitry.

CTCA at Western launches 3rd new clinical trial combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy
This 'NivoPlus' clinical trial at Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Western Regional Medical Center combines an immunotherapy drug (nivolumab) with FDA-approved chemotherapy drugs.

The peaks and valleys of silicon
Scientists have created a new method for generating a 2D semiconducting material that could one day replace silicon in electronics.

Scientists identify 'decoy' molecule that could help sharply reduce risk of flu death
The flu virus can be lethal. But what is often just as dangerous is the body's own reaction to the invader.

Rats 'dream' paths to a brighter future
When rats rest, their brains simulate journeys to a desired future such as a tasty treat, finds new UCL (University College London) research funded by the Wellcome Trust and Royal Society.

Watershed science calls for integrated research methods
A watershed is a basic unit of the land-surface system.

Daily bathing of pediatric patients with antiseptic cuts bloodstream infections by 59 percent
Daily bathing of pediatric patients with disposable cloths containing 2 percent chlorhexidine gluconate reduced central line-associated bloodstream infections by 59 percent and saved approximately $300,000 in one hospital over a six-month period, according to a new study.

SLU scientists develop potential new class of cancer drugs in lab
The new drug targets the Warburg effect to cut off cancer's energy supply.

Key protein may affect risk of stroke
Studies on mice reveal that a special protein in the brain's tiniest blood vessels may affect the risk of stroke.

Emergency visits for childhood food allergy on rise in Illinois
Emergency room visits and hospitalizations of children with severe, potentially life-threatening food allergy reactions increased an average of nearly 30 percent per year over five years in Illinois, reports a Northwestern Medicine study.

Natural wilderness areas need buffer zones to protect from human development
Despite heavy development, the US still has millions of acres of pristine wild lands.

Soft computing solutions help to predict survival of multiple trauma patients
The research work draws from the premise that systems for measuring severity are necessary to compare results following the care given to severe trauma patients in very different populations.

Study finds pet owners reluctant to face up to their cats' kill count
A study finds pet owners are reluctant to face up to their cats' kill count.

Having a stroke? Where you are makes a huge difference in your treatment
It looks like a crazy quilt spread over the continent.

Scientists identify a calcium channel essential for deep sleep
A specific calcium channel plays a crucial role in deep, slow-wave sleep, scientists from NYU School of Medicine and the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole have discovered.

Helium 'balloons' offer new path to control complex materials
Researchers have developed a new method to manipulate a wide range of materials and their behavior using only a handful of helium ions.

Why are seabirds abandoning their ancestral nesting grounds in the Gulf of California?
A group of researchers from Mexico and the United States has found that warming oceanographic conditions and fishing pressure are driving nesting seabirds away from their ancestral breeding ground in Mexico into California harbors.

Braking mechanism identified for cell growth pathway linked to several cancers
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a self-regulating loop in the Hippo pathway, a signaling channel garnering increased attention from cancer researchers due to its role in controlling organ size, cell proliferation and cell death.

Texas Biomed establishes the TOPS® Nutrition and Obesity Research Center
Texas Biomedical Research Institute and Wisconsin-based non-profit Take Off Pounds Sensibly® are establishing the new TOPS® Nutrition and Obesity Research Center with the goal of conducting research into the causes, health risks and treatment of human obesity.

High-performance microscope displays pores in the cell nucleus with greater precision
The transportation of certain molecules into and out of the cell nucleus takes place via nuclear pores.

Singapore arts through the eyes of four generations
Around the world, Singapore has been known as the nation that catapulted itself from a third world to a first world country in a single generation in an economic sense, but there has been little international publicity about Singapore's significant transformation in its cultural 'software' capabilities, audience and vibrancy over the same period of time, and in particular, the last two decades.

$7 million awarded to study early influences on cognitive, physical health by midlife
University of California, Riverside psychologist Chandra A. Reynolds has been awarded a $7 million, five-year grant by the National Institute on Aging to study how early childhood influences versus recent influences affect cognitive and physical health by middle age.

Top Catalan research centers constitute 'The Barcelona Institute of Science & Technology'
The Barcelona Institute of Science & Technology is a new institution to pursue a joint scientific endeavor.

First hospital light fixture to kill bacteria safely, continuously is commercialised
Kenall Manufacturing today introduced Indigo-Clean, a light fixture that uses Continuous Environmental Disinfection technology to continuously kill harmful bacteria linked to hospital acquired infections.

CCNY researchers develop eco-friendly oil spill solution
City College of New York researchers led by chemist George John have developed an eco-friendly biodegradable green 'herding' agent that can be used to clean up light crude oil spills on water.

NIDA announces new awards for early stage investigators
The National Institute on Drug Abuse today announced the first six recipients of its two newly developed Avenir Award programs for HIV/AIDS and genetics or epigenetics research.

Orange is the new red
Berkeley Lab researchers discovered that a photoprotective mechanism in cyanobacteria is triggered by an unprecedented, large-scale movement from one location to another of the carotenoid pigment within the Orange Carotenoid Protein.

Action spectrum of sun skin damage documented
Scientists at Newcastle University have documented for the first time the DNA damage which can occur to skin across the full range of ultraviolet radiation from the sun providing an invaluable tool for sun-protection and the manufacturers of sunscreen.

NASA explains why June 30 will get extra second
The day will officially be a bit longer than usual on Tuesday, June 30, 2015, because an extra second, or 'leap' second, will be added.

UT Arlington physics professor wins esteemed Humboldt Research Award
UT Arlington Physics Professor Zdzislaw Musielak has won the international Humboldt Research Award for the nearly unprecedented third time.

Most of amateur athletes undergoing hypoxic training are not advised by specialists
Physical performance after periods of hypoxic training -- in low-oxygen conditions -- has become a matter of growing controversy within the scientific community.

Children with asthma likely born in Toronto area with high air pollution
Children who develop asthma in Toronto are more likely to have been born in a neighborhood that has a high level of traffic-related air pollution, new research suggests.

High blood pressure linked to reduced Alzheimer's risk, meds may be reason
A new study suggests that people with a genetic predisposition to high blood pressure have a lower risk for Alzheimer's disease.

Inactivity reduces people's muscle strength
New research reveals that it only takes two weeks of not using their legs for young people to lose a third of their muscular strength, leaving them on par with a person who is 40-50 years their senior.

Hartmuth Kolb, PhD, wins 2015 Alzheimer Award
The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease is proud to announce that Hartmuth Kolb, PhD, Head of Neuroscience Biomarkers, Johnson & Johnson, San Diego, CA, has been chosen as the recipient of the 2015 Alzheimer Award presented by the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease in recognition of his outstanding work on the importance and imaging of neurofibrillary tangles and Alzheimer's disease.

Attractive female flies harmed by male sexual attention
Too much male sexual attention harms attractive females, according to a new Australian and Canadian study on fruit flies.

UC Davis study guides efforts to find new strategies, solutions to fight pediatric asthma
Low flu vaccination rates, medication compliance and limited access to primary care providers have contributed to the high pediatric asthma rates in California.

Building a better semiconductor
Research led by Michigan State University could someday lead to the development of new and improved semiconductors.

A 'hydrothermal siphon' drives water circulation through the seafloor
Vast quantities of ocean water circulate through the seafloor, flowing through the volcanic rock of the upper oceanic crust.

Sharc25 aims at 25 percent efficiency with thin-film solar cells
Sharc25, a European research project launched in May, is setting out to develop extremely efficient thin-film solar cells for the next generation of more cost-effective solar modules.
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