Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2015
PTSD raises odds of heart attack and stroke in women
Women with elevated symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder consistent with the clinical threshold for the disorder had 60 percent higher rates of having a heart attack or stroke compared with women who never experienced trauma, according to scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the Harvard T.H.

Societies issue recommendations for left atrial appendage occlusion
The American College of Cardiology, Heart Rhythm Society and Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions today released a new overview on the implantation of left atrial appendage occlusion devices.

Cranberry juice may help protect against heart disease and diabetes risk factors
A new study reveals that drinking low-calorie cranberry juice cocktail may help lower the risk of chronic diseases that rank among the leading causes of death worldwide, including heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

Media can register now for Advanced Breast Cancer Third International Consensus Conference
Media can register now to attend the Advanced Breast Cancer Third International Consensus Conference in Lisbon, Portugal, Thursday, Nov.

New family of small RNAs boosts cell proliferation in cancer
Rather than cellular trash, half of a transfer RNA (tRNA) molecule appears to actively spur cell proliferation in breast and prostate cancers, suggesting a new role for tRNA and a possible target for a new class of therapy.

Treatment with PI3K inhibitors may cause cancers to become more aggressive and metastatic
The enzyme PI3K appears to be exploited in almost every type of human cancer, making it the focus of considerable interest as a therapeutic target.

New nanogenerator harvests power from rolling tires
A group of University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers and a collaborator from China have developed a nanogenerator that harvests energy from a car's rolling tire friction.

Is marriage good or bad for the figure?
It is generally assumed that marriage has a positive influence on health and life expectancy.

National study finds life-threatening barriers in access to breakthrough drugs
Most states violate federal Medicaid law because they deny coverage for sofosbuvir, a new and highly effective treatment to cure hepatitis C, according to Lynn E.

TSRI and biotech partners find new antibody weapons against Marburg virus
A new study led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute identifies new immune molecules that protect against deadly Marburg virus, a relative of Ebola virus.

Picturing the forecast: NWS graphics developed with NCAR research
The National Weather Service this summer is introducing new online forecasts based on research by a team of risk communication experts at NCAR.

Unexpectedly little black-hole monsters rapidly suck up surrounding matter
Using the Subaru Telescope, researchers at the Special Astrophysical Observatory in Russia and Kyoto University in Japan have found evidence that enigmatic objects in nearby galaxies -- called ultra-luminous X-ray sources -- exhibit strong outflows that are created as matter falls onto their black holes at unexpectedly high rates.This work has been published online in Nature Physics on June 1, 2015.

Humans across the world dance to the same beat
A new study carried out by the University of Exeter and Tokyo University of the Arts has found that songs from around the world tend to share features, including a strong rhythm, that enable coordination in social situations and encourage group bonding.

How your brain knows it's summer
Researchers led by Toru Takumi at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered a key mechanism underlying how animals keep track of the seasons.

Using bacterial 'fight clubs' to find new drugs
Chemists Brian Bachmann and John McLean have demonstrated that creating bacterial 'fight clubs' is an effective way to discover natural molecules with the potential to become new drugs.

Study: Severe asthma fails to respond to mainstay treatment
The immune response that occurs in patients with severe asthma is markedly different than what occurs in milder forms of the lung condition, according to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Genes leave some kids prone to weakness in wrist bones
Pediatric researchers have discovered gene locations affecting bone strength in wrist bones, the most common site for fractures in children.

Public health surveillance system may underestimate cases of acute hepatitis C infection
A new study suggests massive under reporting may occur within the system set up by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to estimate the incidence of acute hepatitis C virus infection.

Is Facebook the next frontier for online learning?
Social-networking sites such as Facebook can help students learn scientific literacy and other complex subjects that often receive short shrift in today's time-strapped classrooms.

Most Internet anonymity software leaks users' details
Services used by hundreds of thousands of people in the UK to protect their identity on the web are vulnerable to leaks, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London and others.

New study supports safety and efficacy of Evekeo for treating children with ADHD
The amphetamine-based drug Evekeo, given once or twice daily to children 6-12 years of age, is effective in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and improving performance in a laboratory classroom setting, according to the results of a new study published in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.

A microtubule 'roadway' in the retina helps provide energy for vision
Researchers have discovered a thick band of microtubules in certain neurons in the retina that they believe acts as a transport road for mitochondria that help provide energy required for visual processing.

Researchers define unique group of high-risk lymphoma patients
About 20 percent of follicular lymphoma patients consistently experience their disease coming back within two years of being treated with the latest therapies.

Singapore researchers confirm gene p73's role in tumor growth
A team of researchers at National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) and Singapore General Hospital has determined dual functionality gene p73, in both the promotion and suppression in tumor growth.

Almost 1 in 3 US adults owns at least 1 gun
Almost one in three US adults owns at least one gun, and they are predominantly white married men over the age of 55, reveals research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.

Sandia's Z machine receives funding aimed at fusion energy
To hasten the day of low-cost, high-yield fusion reactions for energy purposes, a $3.8 million ARPA-E grant to Sandia National Labs and the U of Rochester will help smooth laser beams to increase output of a promising Sandia fusion technique called MagLIF.

Acceptance of working moms at all-time high
Research conducted at SDSU shows that societal acceptance of working mothers is at an all-time high.

Automatic bug repair
At the Association for Computing Machinery's Programming Language Design and Implementation this month, MIT researchers presented a new system that repairs dangerous software bugs by automatically importing functionality from other, more secure applications.

Making new materials with micro-explosions: ANU media release
Scientists have made exotic new materials by creating laser-induced micro-explosions in silicon, the common computer chip material.

'Drink when thirsty' to avoid fatal drops in blood sodium levels during exercise
For hikers, football players, endurance athletes, and a growing range of elite and recreational exercisers, the best approach to preventing potentially serious reductions in blood sodium level is to drink when thirsty, according to an updated consensus statement on exercise-associated hyponatremia.

BMW Group and NTU embark on S$1.3 million electromobility research
BMW Group and Nanyang Technological University today launched a new electromobility research program, involving the all-electric BMW i3 and plug-in hybrid sports car BMW i8 that runs on electricity and petrol.

Huge congregations view racial inequality differently than others do, Baylor study shows
Congregation size has an impact on how people view the reasons for racial inequality in America, according to a new study by researchers at Baylor University and the University of Southern California.

The fear you experience playing video games is real, and you enjoy it, IU study finds
With the advent of video games, a frequently asked question has been whether we get as engrossed in them emotionally as we do when we see a scary movie.

New strategies against rare, fatal lung syndrome
People with certain forms of the rare genetic disorder Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome face the specter of untreatable, progressive and ultimately fatal pulmonary fibrosis as early as their 30s or 40s.

Clot-removal devices now recommended for some stroke patients
Updated stroke treatment recommendations from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association include using a stent retrieval device to remove blood clots from large arteries in select patients.

Americans' best efforts not enough to cut heart disease deaths
Despite decades of progress in reducing cardiovascular mortality, preventable risk factors continue to account for half of heart disease deaths.

OU student use nation's weather radar network to track bird migration at night
Using the nation's weather radar network, two University of Oklahoma doctoral students have developed a technique for forecasting something other than the weather: the orientation behavior of birds as they migrate through the atmosphere at night.

Who takes care of whom? Surprising new evidence
A new study by social scientists Emilio Zagheni and Denys Dukhovnov analyzes US statistics about who provides simultaneous childcare and eldercare, and who receives it.

Cattle ID system shows its muzzle
Researchers in Egypt are developing a biometric identification system for cattle that could reduce food fraud and allow ranchers to control their stock more efficiently.

When times are tough, parents favor daughters over sons
In tough economic times, parents financially favor daughters over sons, according to researchers at the Carlson School of Management and Rutgers Business School.

OU professor developing vaccine to protect global communities from malaria
An OU professor studying malaria mosquito interaction has discovered a new mosquito protein for the development of a vaccine that is expected to stop the spread of the disease in areas where it is considered endemic.

Talk is cheap: New study finds words speak louder than actions
When it comes to the art of persuasion, you can attract more followers if you turn conventional wisdom on its head and stress what you like, not what you do.

The chemistry of grilling (video)
If you're firing up the barbecue this week for an Independence Day cookout, you don't want to miss this week's Reactions video.

Aromatic couple makes new chemical bonds
Making carbon-carbon bonds continues to be an important strategy to synthesize useful pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and organic materials.

Let's talk about sex
According to their paper published online in the Journal of Leisure Research, senior communities offer notable potential for helping people cope with the three primary sexual vulnerabilities that occur in later life: health issues and life circumstances that affect sexuality, difficulties communicating with health care providers about sex-related problems and limited access to sexual health information.

Most plastic surgeons now use fat grafting as part of facelift surgery
In recent years, a large majority of US plastic surgeons have adopted fat grafting techniques as part of their approach to facelift surgery, reports a study in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Physicists shatter stubborn mystery of how glass forms
A physicist at the University of Waterloo is among a team of scientists who have described how glasses form at the molecular level and provided a possible solution to a problem that has stumped scientists for decades.

Getting high in senior year: NYU study examines reasons for smoking pot
A new study examines how reasons for illicit marijuana use relates to the use of other drugs individually, rather than grouping them into a single 'illicit drug' group.

Pioneering gene therapy takes aim at inherited blindness
Canada's first human gene therapy trial for eyes -- the replacement of a faulty gene with a healthy one -- is now underway at Edmonton's Royal Alexandra Hospital to preserve and potentially restore vision for people with choroideremia, a genetic disorder that leaves them blind by middle age.

Stuck on you: Research shows fingerprint accuracy stays the same over time
Fingerprints have been used by law enforcement and forensics experts to successfully identify people for more than 100 years.

Soil water, microbes influence carbon in world's coldest desert, ASU-Dartmouth study finds
Soil water and microbes' respiration contribute to fluctuations of carbon dioxide in the world's coldest desert, where climate change is expected to increase underground moisture and microorganisms, an Arizona State University and Dartmouth College study finds.

Too exhausted to fight -- and to do harm
An 'exhausted' army of immune cells may not be able to fight off infection, but if its soldiers fight too hard they risk damaging the very body they are meant to be protecting, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge.

Florida Tech lightning research deepens understanding of sprite formation
A new study led by Florida Institute of Technology Professor Ningyu Liu has improved our understanding of a curious luminous phenomenon that happens 25 to 50 miles above thunderstorms.

Umbilical cord 'milking' improves blood flow in preterm infants
A technique to increase the flow of blood from the umbilical cord into the infant's circulatory system improves blood pressure and red blood cell levels in preterm infants delivered by cesarean section, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Flatworms could replace mammals for some toxicology tests
Laboratories that test chemicals for neurological toxicity could reduce their use of laboratory mice and rats by replacing these animal models with tiny aquatic flatworms known as freshwater planarians.

Computers get with the beat
As yet another music streaming service comes online to rival the countless available outlets for so many different genres, a new approach to classifying music to make archiving, sorting and music discovery easier is published in the International Journal of Computational Intelligence Studies.

Pesticide study shows that sexual conflict can maintain genetic variation
New research from the University of Exeter has shown that the sexually antagonistic gene for resistance to the pesticide DDT, which increases fitness in female flies but simultaneously decreases fitness in male flies, helps to maintain genetic variation.

Mayo Clinic study suggests which glioblastoma patients may benefit from drug treatment
Clinicians testing the drug dasatinib, approved for several blood cancers, had hoped it would slow the aggressive growth of the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma; however, clinical trials to date have not found any benefit.

Neighborhood environments and risk for type 2 diabetes
Neighborhood resources to support greater physical activity and, to a lesser extent, healthy diets appear to be associated with a lower incidence of type 2 diabetes, although the results vary by the method of measurement used, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Athletes should drink only when thirsty, according to new guidelines
At least 14 deaths of marathon runners, football players and other athletes have been attributed to a condition called exercise-associated hyponatremia, which results from drinking too much water or sports drinks.

Tamper-resistant opioids will not solve opioid addiction problem
Tamper-resistant formulations of drugs will not solve the problems of opioid addiction and overdose, argues a commentary in CMAJ.

Can pollution help trees fight infection?
Trees that can tolerate soil pollution are also better at defending themselves against pests and pathogens.

First-ever possible treatments for MERS
As the South Korean MERS epidemic continues, researchers have discovered and validated two therapeutics that show early promise in preventing and treating the disease, which can cause severe respiratory symptoms, and has a death rate of 40 percent.

Hope for patients with chronic wounds
Most wounds clear up by themselves, but some fail to heal and become chronic.

Food for thought: Use more forages in livestock farming
Small-scale livestock farming in the tropics can become more intensive yet sustainable if more and better forage is used to feed the animals being reared.

Recent mercury pollution on the rise, but quick to change, Dartmouth-led study shows
A Dartmouth-led study using a 600-year-old ice core shows that global mercury pollution increased dramatically during the 20th century, but that mercury concentrations in the atmosphere decreased faster than previously thought beginning in the late 1970s when emissions started to decline.

Extreme makeover: Mankind's unprecedented transformation of Earth
University of Leicester researchers suggest a turning point for the planet and its resources.

SLU's vaccine center awarded $2.9 million to study new TB vaccine
Daniel Hoft, M.D., Ph.D., director of the division of infectious diseases at Saint Louis University has received funding from the Gates Foundation to research a potential vaccine against tuberculosis.

GPs and the Fit for Work scheme
An editorial by primary care researchers at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, and published in the British Journal of General Practice, analyses the GP role in the sickness certification process and the new Fit for Work scheme and suggests that GPs are key to supporting individuals to maintain the hope and belief that they can work, 'rather than adding to the numbers of individuals off work on long term sickness who may have been able to work.'

Up, up and away, in the name of science education
US researchers extol the virtues of high-altitude balloons for science education in a research paper published in the International Journal of Learning Technology.

Young Researchers Award winner to help advance biodiversity informatics in South Africa
Fatima Parker-Allie, a South African Ph.D. student, is a recipient of the GBIF Young Researchers' Award for 2015.

PharmaMar initiates the phase III study CORAIL for PM1183 in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer
The anticancer compound PM1183 will be assessed in a Phase III international study to investigate safety and efficacy in women with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.

X-rays and electrons join forces to map catalytic reactions in real-time
A new technique pioneered at Brookhaven Lab reveals atomic-scale changes during catalytic reactions in real time and under real operating conditions.

The inside story: MRI imaging shows how plants can inspire new engineering materials
Three-dimensional imaging of plant branching structures is allowing researchers to see how exactly their internal tissues respond under stress, giving new insights into the design of potential new engineering materials, such as those used in aircraft and sports equipment.

Experts present new knowledge on bone tissue and its role in bone strength or weakness
Leading experts in the field present the latest research on material properties of bone and how these can impart resilience or fragility to the skeleton.

New IOM report: Wait times for health care services differ greatly throughout US
Tremendous variability in wait times for health care appointments exists throughout the US, ranging from same day service to several months, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Genes responsible for increased activity during the summer
University of Leicester researchers reveal that a thermosensory gene changes behavior in warmer climates.

Wind effect following team car can help time trial rider win Tour prologue
Will next Saturday's Tour de France prologue in Utrecht get the winner it deserves?

Atmospheric mysteries unraveling
It's been difficult to explain patterns of toxic mercury in some parts of the world, such as why there's so much of the toxin deposited into ecosystems from the air in the southeastern United States, even upwind of usual sources.

Pinpointing mutations in a relapsed children's cancer may lead to improved treatments
Researchers studying the pediatric cancer neuroblastoma have detailed how cancer-driving mutations evolve during chemotherapy, and they hope to exploit this knowledge to design better treatments for children.

Key element of human language discovered in bird babble
Stringing together meaningless sounds to create meaningful signals was previously thought to be the preserve of humans alone, but a new study has revealed that babbler birds are also able to communicate in this way.

Danish researchers map important enzyme in the fight against cancer
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered what regulates an enzyme that is central to the growth of cancer tumors.

ASHG honors Kay E. Davies with William Allan Award
The American Society of Human Genetics has named Kay E.

Scientists develop more accurate whole genome variant discovery and interpretation
Scientists from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have developed a new approach to build nearly complete genomes by combining high-throughput DNA sequencing with genome mapping.

Fred Hutch researcher gets $4.1 million from DoD to study metastatic breast cancer
Cyrus Ghajar, Ph.D., a metastatic breast cancer researcher at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has received a $4.1 million Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program 'Era of Hope' Scholar Award.

'Tele-rounding': Robots in the neonatal intensive care unit
A team of neonatologists at Children's Hospital Los Angeles investigated the use of robot-assisted telemedicine in performing bedside rounds and directing daily care for infants with mild-to-moderate disease.

Estimates of childhood, youth exposure to violence, crime and abuse
More than a third of children and teens 17 and younger experienced a physical assault in the last year, primarily at the hands of siblings and peers, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

New method of quantum entanglement packs vastly more data in a photon
A team of researchers led by UCLA electrical engineers has demonstrated a new way to harness light particles, or photons, that are connected to each other and act in unison no matter how far apart they are -- a phenomenon known as quantum entanglement.

New role for Twitter: Early warning system for bad drug interactions
Vermont scientists have invented a new technique for discovering potentially dangerous drug interactions and unknown side-effects -- before they show up in medical databases like PubMed -- by searching millions of tweets on Twitter.

Interest in child-specific nurse practitioner programs dwindling
While the number of graduates from family or adult nurse practitioner programs continues to rise, student applications to pediatric and neonatal nurse practitioner programs are falling.

Researchers complete ASPIRE Phase III trial of vaginal ring for HIV prevention in women
In a first for HIV prevention, researchers have completed follow-up of participants in a pivotal Phase III trial that tested a vaginal ring for preventing HIV in women.

Theranos -- a health care industry revolution or a marketing phenomenon?
Professor of Clinical Biochemistry Eleftherios P. Diamandis looks over the science behind innovative and revolutionary blood tests invented by Elizabeth Holmes that could apparently reinvent the lab diagnostics.

Cultivating Europe's home-grown entrepreneurs
Universities play a central role in nurturing the entrepreneurs of tomorrow, especially if they work together.

Researchers discover how petunias know when to smell good
A team of UW biologists has identified a key mechanism plants use to decide when to release their floral scents to attract pollinators.

The new detection method for a key drug resistant hepatitis C virus mutation
A rapid, sensitive, and accurate method to detect drug resistant hepatitis C virus (HCV) mutants has been developed.

Experts cover MERS outbreak in American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
An overview and analysis of the factors underlying the recent Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus outbreak in Korea has been published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

PolyU develops a new method for rapid authentication of edible oils and screening of gutter oils
The Food Safety and Technology Research Centre under the Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University has developed a new method for rapid authentication of edible oils and screening of gutter oils.

PTSD, traumatic experiences may raise heart attack, stroke risk in women
Women with severe PTSD or traumatic events may have a 60 percent higher lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease.

Osteoporosis linked with heart disease in older people
University of Southampton scientists have discovered a link between coronary heart disease and osteoporosis, suggesting both conditions could have similar causes.

Public Release:  Centres of Excellence in Spain organize an intl meeting between scientists and communicators
Top scientists from the 20 research centers distinguished with the 'Severo Ochoa' award will attend, together with journalists and other communicators well known internationally.

Exit dinosaurs, enter fishes
A pair of paleobiologists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego have determined that the world's most numerous and diverse vertebrates -- ray-finned fishes -- began their ecological dominance of the oceans 66 million years ago, aided by the mass extinction event that killed off dinosaurs.

Millennials accept working mothers and traditional gender roles more than GenXers
US adults and adolescents are now significantly more accepting of mothers who work fulltime, but a growing minority from younger generations believe that wives should mind the household and husbands should make decisions for the family, according to new research out today in the Psychology of Women Quarterly (a SAGE journal).

JDR articles explore 3-D printing for oral and dental tissue engineering
Today, the International and American Associations for Dental Research published a case report on the first application of a 3-D printed scaffold for periodontal tissue engineering in a human patient, along with a review of 3-D printing for oral and craniofacial tissue engineering.

Rare gene variant associated with middle ear infections
An international consortium led by those at Baylor College of Medicine may have taken the first step on the road to understanding why only some people get frequent painful or chronic middle ear infections.

License plate decals don't seem to curb learner driver crash rates
The use of license plate decals for drivers with learner permits doesn't seem to have reduced their crash rate in New Jersey, the first US state to introduce the regulation, finds research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.

Upsetting a fragile alliance triggers a deadly childhood disease
SMA is a devastating neuromuscular disorder that robs children of their ability to walk, eat, or breathe.

Stink bugs have strong taste for ripe fruit
The brown marmorated stink bug has a bad reputation. Every summer, this pest attacks crops and invades homes, causing both sizable economic losses and a messy, smelly nuisance.

Study: Children from high conflict homes process emotion differently
Children of parents who are frequently in conflict process emotional interactions differently and may face social challenges later in life compared with children from low conflict homes.

Scoring system can help trauma centers improve care during surges in trauma cases
A scoring system that can identify periods of high activity and increased trauma patient deaths in hospital emergency rooms may help hospitals better prepare for surges in trauma patient volume that come with catastrophic events like the Boston Marathon bombing (April 2013) or disasters like the Amtrak train crash (May 2015) in Philadelphia, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Sleeping on the job? Actually, that's a good thing
Employees seeking to boost their productivity at work should take a nap -- yes, sleeping on the job can be a good thing.

Study: Even fraud-savvy investors often look for the wrong red flags
New research identifies the types of investors who are vigilant about corporate fraud, but finds that most of those investors are tracking the wrong red flags -- meaning the warning signs they look for are clear only after it's too late to protect their investment.

Infant mortality rates could be lowered through improved medicine packaging designs
The usage of key medicines in developing countries could be significantly increased through improved packaging appearance, a new study by the Clinton Health Access Initiative, Inc. and the University of Warwick finds.

Earthquake not to blame for Indonesian mud volcano
New research led by the University of Adelaide hopes to close the debate on whether a major mud volcano disaster in Indonesia was triggered by an earthquake or had man-made origins.

Ultrasonic fingerprint sensor may take smartphone security to new level
A new ultrasonic fingerprint sensor measures 3-D image of your finger's surface and the tissue beneath it -- enhancing biometrics and information security for smartphones and other devices.

Freshwater and ocean acidification stunts growth of developing pink salmon
Pink salmon that begin life in freshwater with high concentrations of carbon dioxide, which causes acidification, are smaller and may be less likely to survive, according to a new study from UBC.

Key element of human language discovered in bird babble
Stringing together meaningless sounds to create meaningful signals was previously thought to be the preserve of humans alone, but a new study, publishing June 29 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, has revealed that babbler birds are also able to communicate in this way.

Sugary drinks linked to high death tolls worldwide
Consumption of sugary drinks may lead to an estimated 184,000 adult deaths each year worldwide, according to research published today in the journal Circulation and previously presented as an abstract at the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention in 2013.

Spiky monsters: New species of 'super-armored' worm discovered
A newly identified species of spike-covered worm with legs, which lived 500 million years ago, was one of the first animals on Earth to develop armor for protection.

5th International Congress of Myology March 14-18, 2016
AFM-Téléthon is organizing, from March 14-18, 2016, its 5th International Congress of Myology at the Lyon Convention Centre.

His and her pain circuitry in the spinal cord
New research released today in Nature Neuroscience reveals for the first time that pain is processed in male and female mice using different cells.

Improving rice flour to aid food poverty
A new, high-quality rice flour could help towards aiding global food poverty.

Retreating sea ice linked to changes in ocean circulation, could affect European climate
Retreating sea ice in the Iceland and Greenland Seas may be changing the circulation of warm and cold water in the Atlantic Ocean, and could ultimately impact the climate in Europe, says a new study by an atmospheric physicist from the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM) and his colleagues in Great Britain, Norway and the United States.

A deep, dark mystery
UC Santa Barbara geologist Jim Boles has found evidence of helium leakage from the Earth's mantle.

More people in Florida sickened by toxin in tropical reef fish than previously reported
Public health records may significantly underestimate the number of people in Florida who are sickened by a rare, dangerous food-borne toxin carried by popular sport fish, including barracuda, grouper, and amberjack, according to a new study published online today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Large-scale field-effect transistors based on solution-grown organic single crystals are fabricated
Field-effect transistors (FETs) based on single crystals of organic semiconductors usually have the highest reported charge carrier mobility among organic materials.

Understanding why animals are healthy offers path to precision medicine
Researchers at Duke University School of Medicine and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School have identified a mechanism that explains why some mutations can be disease-causing in one genome but benign in another.

New plan proposed to send humans to Mars
A new, cost-constrained US strategy to send humans on Mars, could be achieved within projected NASA budgets by minimizing new developments and relying mainly on already available or planned NASA assets.

Precise ages of largest number of stars hosting planets ever measured
Thirty-three Kepler stars have been selected for their solar like oscillations and a set of basic parameters have been determined with high precision showing that stars even older than 11 billion years have Earth-like planets.

Specialized therapy can aid traumatized children in developing nations
A specific type of talk therapy dispensed in the developing world to orphans and other vulnerable children who experienced trauma such as sexual and domestic abuse showed dramatic results, despite being administered by workers with little education, new research shows.

After Ebola, understanding health care needs among rural Liberians
As Liberia rebuilds a health care system decimated by the 2014 Ebola outbreak, understanding precisely how far citizens live from health facilities and its impact on seeking care can help shape new strategies to improve health care delivery and reduce geographic disparities.
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