Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 07, 2015
Can pregnancy complications predict future cardiovascular disease risk?
According to a new study, women can accurately recall key pregnancy-related information at least four years later that could have important implications for their future risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Study identifies characteristic EEG pattern of high-dose nitrous oxide anesthesia
Investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital find that the EEG patterns of patients receiving high doses of nitrous oxide differ significantly from those of the same patients when they had received ether-based inhaled anesthetics earlier in the procedures.

Vision plus action
Frank Doyle, UC Santa Barbara professor of chemical engineering and of electrical and computer engineering, has been selected to receive the 2015 American Automatic Control Council (AACC) Control Engineering Practice Award for his pioneering work on the artificial pancreas.

Vitamin C related to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and early death
New research from the University of Copenhagen and Herlev and Gentofte Hospital shows that high vitamin C concentrations in the blood from the intake of fruit and vegetables are associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and early death.

Genomics among the biggest of big data, researchers say
Each cell in the body contains a whole genome, yet the data packed into a few DNA molecules could fill a hard drive.

Experts call for more understanding of hospital weekend death risk
Two academics from the University of Warwick say more research is needed to understand why patients are more likely to die in hospital at the weekend.

Free access to 'the history of America in 100 documents'
From July 1-31, Adam Matthew will enable free access to 'American History in 100 Documents': 100 hand-picked documents and associated analysis of their importance from 'American History, 1493-1945,' sourced exclusively from the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History in New York.

Testing heats up at Sandia's Solar Tower with high temperature falling particle receiver
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are working to lower the cost of solar energy systems and improve efficiencies in a big way, thanks to a system of small particles.

Affordable Care Act results in dramatic drop in out-of-pocket prices for prescription contraceptives
Average out-of-pocket spending for oral contraceptive pills and the intrauterine device, the two most common forms of contraception for women, has decreased significantly since the Affordable Care Act took effect.

New perturbative method of solving the gravitational N-body problem in general relativity
Presenting a new perturbative method to deal with the gravitational N-body problem in general relativity.

Intelligent big multimedia databases
When examining multimedia databases, we have to consider subsymbolical AI, algorithms from signal processing, image recognition, high-dimensional indexing and machine learning.

A cool way to form 2-D conducting polymers using ice
Chemists at Pohang University of Science and Technology, Korea, have discovered an innovative method to form two-dimensional polyaniline (PANI) nanosheets using ice as a hard template.

Chapman University publishes research on friendship
In the most inclusive study to date on friendship, Chapman University research looks at gender, age, and sexual orientation differences in the number of friends people rely on for support, to what extent they choose friends of the same gender, and overall life satisfaction.

Combination of diabetes and heart disease substantially reduces life expectancy
Life expectancy for people with a history of both cardiovascular disease and diabetes is substantially lower than for people with just one condition or no disease, a new study harnessing the power of 'big data' has concluded.

NSF funds methane research with potential for greener energy, manufacturing
The National Science Foundation has awarded its most prestigious honor for young researchers to a new NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering faculty member who is trying to solve the difficult problem of controlling methane's carbon-hydrogen bonds at moderate temperatures -- a problem which, if solved, could lead to greener energy, improve the manufacture of commodities, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, and perhaps even keep future intergalactic travelers healthy.

Study: Groundwater from aquifers important factor in food security
Thirsty cities, fields and livestock drink deeply from aquifers, natural sources of groundwater.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Linfa netween Taiwan and northern Philippines
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a picture Tropical Storm Linfa in the South China Sea on July 7 when it was between southern Taiwan and the northern Philippines.

Johns Hopkins, Queen's Health Systems collaborate to advance patient safety in Hawaii
The Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality and the Queen's Health Systems in Honolulu have entered into a collaboration agreement to improve patient safety and quality of care initiatives at hospitals in the state of Hawaii.

Scientists develop free, online genetic research tool
For most genetic scientists, the lack of access to computer servers and programs capable of quickly handling vast amounts of data can hinder genetic advancements.

Predicting happiness of couples raising children with autism
To understand what helps moms and dads of children with autism spectrum disorder strengthen their bond, researchers at the University of Miami are examining the individual factors that predict relationship satisfaction for these couples.

A key role for CEP63 in brain development and fertility discovered
The protein CEP63 is crucial for the correct division of brain stem cells.

Study identifies new way to kill the malaria parasite
The discovery could pave the way to new treatments for the disease.

Sensor technology can improve accuracy of prostate cancer diagnosis, research shows
New research has shown how a smart sensor chip, able to pick up on subtle differences in glycoprotein molecules, can improve the accuracy and efficiency of prostate cancer diagnosis.

NASA's infrared look at strengthening Typhoon Chan-Hom
Typhoon Chan-Hom's strongest winds wrapped from north to south, around the eastern side of the storm, according to surface wind data from NASA's RapidScat instrument.

Biggest beast in big data forest? One field's astonishing growth is 'genomical!'
Who's about to become the biggest beast in the big data forest?

Memory and thinking ability keep getting worse for years after a stroke, new study finds
A stroke happens in an instant. And many who survive one report that their brain never works like it once did.

Taking the pain out of office work
Treadmill work stations are potentially helpful in reducing the neck and shoulder muscle pain associated with computer work.

NASA sees Typhoon Nangka strengthen
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Nangka on July 6 and took an infrared look at the large storm as it strengthened from a tropical storm into a typhoon.

Molecule linked to muscle fatigue in humans; enhances exercise tolerance when fed to mice
Everyone's muscles have different limits. While professional athletes can train for hours before feeling fatigued, others struggle to mow the lawn or climb stairs.

The ins and outs of QCD
Robert Edwards, a researcher and senior staff member at the Jefferson Lab, is the principal investigator for a team researching the energy spectrum of exotic meson resonances.

The next anti-tuberculosis drug may already be in your local pharmacy
Testing thousands of approved drugs, EPFL scientists have identified an unlikely anti-tuberculosis drug: the over-the-counter antacid lansoprazole (Prevacid).

Imaging could improve treatment of people with COPD
Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography provide important information on the symptoms and exercise capabilities of people with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a new study.

Highlights for 2015 national meeting of American Chemical Society
Journalists registering for the American Chemical Society's (ACS') 250th National Meeting & Exposition this fall will have a wealth of new scientific information available for their news stories.

Giant magnetoresistance systems examined by means of ultrafast terahertz spectroscopy
The forward-looking technology of spintronics now has a new, highly effective investigative instrument: German physicists from Mainz and Berlin have successfully employed ultrafast terahertz spectroscopy to determine the basic properties of spintronics components.

Taking the moral high ground drives motivation to intervene in public situations finds new study
In a new study, published today in the Journal of Politeness Research, academics from the University of Surrey and the University of Huddersfield have found that people are more likely to intervene in public conflicts, when they consider they are taking the moral high ground.

Fishing ban rescues Robben Island penguin chicks
Survival of endangered African penguin chicks increased by 18 percent following a trial three-year fishery closure around Robben Island in South Africa, a new study from the University of Exeter has found.

New research uncovers brain circuit in fruit fly that detects anti-aphrodisiac
New research, published today in eLife from a researcher at the University of Hawai'i -- Mānoa and colleagues, identified the neural circuit in the brain of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) that is responsible for detecting a taste pheromone, which controls the decision of male flies to mate with females.

Cancer drug 49 times more potent than Cisplatin
Tests have shown that a new cancer drug, FY26, is 49 times more potent than the clinically used treatment Cisplatin.

ASU researcher disputes claim that humans can distinguish 1 trillion odors
An Arizona State University researcher is disputing recent findings that the human nose is capable of distinguishing at least 1 trillion odors.

Sculpting a cell's backside
When Greek mythology and cell biology meet, you get the protein Callipygian, recently discovered and named by researchers at The Johns Hopkins University for its role in determining which area of a cell becomes the back as it begins to move.

Microfabricated device allows evaluation of the efficacy, toxicity of pro-drugs
A team of researchers from the MGH Center for Engineering in Medicine has developed a novel approach that dramatically simplifies the evaluation of the liver's drug-metabolizing activity and the potential toxic effects of the products of that activity on other organs.

$1.25 million NIH grant to study diabetes drug's role in reversing preeclampsia
Sascha Drewlo, Ph.D., assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology for the Wayne State University School of Medicine, has secured a $1.25 million grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the role of approved drugs to improve placental function.

Poor sanitation practices in pregnant women linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes in India
Poor sanitation practices, such as open defecation, in pregnant women are linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes in two rural areas of Odisha state, India, according to a study published by Bijaya K Padhi from the Asian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneswar, and colleagues in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Singapore and Europe forge deeper ties in the life sciences
The Government of Singapore, the European Molecular Biology Organization and its intergovernmental funding body, the European Molecular Biology Conference, have signed a cooperation agreement to strengthen scientific interaction and collaborative research between Singapore and Europe.

Animals' infections can impact most on relatives, study finds
Disease in wild animals can have a greater impact on the health of others than on the infected animals themselves, a study suggests.

Louisiana Tech University, Cyber Innovation Center partner to create new research center
The leadership of the Cyber Innovation Center and Louisiana Tech University has formalized a new partnership through the creation of the Louisiana Tech Research Institute to accelerate 21st century research and high-tech economic and industry growth.

Superconductor could be realized in a broken Lorenz invariant theory
Considering the electromagnetic and scalar fields in gravity without Lorenz invariance (LI), a model of holographic superconductor is constructed in Horava-Lishitz gravity.

Marijuana users substitute alcohol at 21
A recent study looked at marijuana and alcohol use in people between the ages of 18 and 24.

Serious adverse events rare in healthy volunteers participating in Phase I drug trials
Many people believe that Phase I trials with healthy volunteers are very risky and because they pose risks with no benefits, unethical.

Research encourages the consideration of air pollution when planning housing near transit
Policymakers and developers lack a complete picture of the potential dangers of air pollution when advocating the construction of high-density housing (like apartment buildings) along traffic corridors to take advantage of public transit.

Stroke associated with both immediate and long-term decline in cognitive function
In a study that included nearly 24,000 participants, those who experienced a stroke had an acute decline in cognitive function and also accelerated and persistent cognitive decline over six years, according to an article in the July 7 issue of JAMA.

Study finds that high fat diet changes gut microbe populations
Have you ever wondered why eating one good-tasting French fry may lead you to eat the whole batch and leave you wanting more?

Age-related self-destruction of cells makes kidney prone to injury
As advances in medicine allow individuals to live longer, people are facing unique age-related health challenges.

Scientists study ways to integrate biofuels and food crops on farms
Planting bioenergy crops like willows or switchgrass in rows where commodity crops are having difficulty growing could both provide biomass feedstock and also limit the runoff of nitrogen fertilizer into waterways -- all without hurting a farmer's profits.

Mitochondrial metagenomics: How '-omics' is saving wild bees
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) database demonstrated its great value on detecting wild bees in UK farms via mitochondrial metagenomics pipeline, a new approach developed by scientists from the China National Genebank, BGI-Shenzhen.

Two are better than one -- another checkpoint enzyme for flawless cell division
The error-free distribution of genetic material during cell division is important for preventing the development of tumor cells.

Medicaid: No longer the welfare medicine afterthought
July 30, 2015, marks the 50th anniversary of Medicaid, which transformed the lives of millions of Americans who previously were unable to afford healthcare coverage.

USC cancer researchers ID potential treatment for deadly lymphoma
New research from the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center has identified a potential treatment for a rare but previously incurable form of lymphoma that is observed primarily in patients with HIV/AIDS infection.

Norwegian surgeon, Lars Engebretsen, M.D., Ph.D., inducted into AOSSM Hall of Fame
Internationally known, knee ligament researcher, Lars Engebretsen, M.D., Ph.D., will be inducted into the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) Hall of Fame on Friday, July 10th, during the Society's Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida.

Mass extinction event from South Africa's Karoo
An international team led by researchers from the Evolutionary Studies Institute at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, has obtained an age from rocks of the Great Karoo that shed light on the timing of a mass extinction event that occurred around 260 million years ago.

Cutting health care costs isn't easy
A new University of Iowa study is the first to evaluate the relationship between receiving care at federally qualified health centers and the rate of hospital stays and emergency department visits for potentially preventable conditions among individuals who receive both Medicare and Medicaid.

Omnidirectional free space wireless charging developed
The research team led by Professor Chun T. Rim of the Nuclear and Quantum Engineering Department at KAIST has made great strides in WPT development.

Ainissa Ramirez wins 2015 Gemant Award from AIP
Ainissa Ramirez, a self-described 'science evangelist,' is the winner of the 2015 Andrew Gemant Award, an annual prize recognizing significant contributions to the cultural, artistic or humanistic dimension of physics, the American Institute of Physics announced today.

Renewable energy finance
Imperial College Press's latest book on 'Renewable Energy Finance' reveals how putting the brakes on climate change is not a question of science and technology but rather one of financial commitment and political will.

Stress-coping strategy and mom's stress levels during pregnancy
Johns Hopkins researchers have found that offspring born to mother rats stressed during pregnancy lost weight faster and failed to turn on appropriate brain hunger signals in response to exercise and food restriction, compared to offspring from non-stressed mothers.

Study: Temperature a dominant influence on bird diversity loss in Mexico
A wide-ranging study of gains and losses of populations of bird species across Mexico in the 20th century shows shifts in temperature due to global climate change are the primary environmental influence on the distributions of bird species.

Price fairness: When do consumers blame the Michelin Man?
If you feel particularly annoyed when Michelin raises the prices of their tires, blame the Michelin Man.

Heightened ability to imagine odors linked to higher body weight
Researchers at the John B. Pierce Laboratory and the Yale School of Medicine have revealed that the ability to vividly imagine the smell of popcorn, freshly baked cookies and even non-food odors is greater in obese adults.

Mother's diet affects offspring alcohol and nicotine use in lab animal study
Researchers at The Rockefeller University have found in a study with rats that a mother's consumption of a fat-rich diet during pregnancy increases her offspring's risk of a combined alcohol and nicotine abuse in adolescence.

Goat meat consumption on the rise as immigrants keep ties to home culture
If you're seeing more goat meat in grocery stores and on restaurant menus these days, you can probably chalk it up to a particular expression of ethnic identity -- an expression that has important implications for immigrants, marketers, and policymakers, according to a recent study in the Journal of Public Policy & Marketing.

This town has been on fire for 50 years (video)
In 1962, a fire started in the coal-mining town of Centralia, Pa.

Conflicts 4,000 years ago
A new LOEWE Research Focus on 'prehistoric conflict' at the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main will make it possible to fill a major research gap in Central European archaeology.

Bats do it, dolphins do it -- now humans can do it, too
Bats have been using sonar to navigate and communicate for ages, and now humans can do the same, thanks to lightweight and efficient ultrasound microphones and loudspeakers developed by UC Berkeley physicists.

Benefit of extending anticoagulation therapy lost after discontinuation of therapy
Among patients with a first episode of pulmonary embolism (the obstruction of the pulmonary artery or a branch of it leading to the lungs by a blood clot) who received six months of anticoagulant treatment, an additional 18 months of treatment with warfarin reduced the risk of additional blood clots and major bleeding, however, the benefit was not maintained after discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy, according to a study in the July 7 issue of JAMA.

An improved age for Earth's latest magnetic field reversal using radiometric dating
The Earth's magnetic field experiences reversals such that north becomes south.

Successful model for statewide collaborative initiative to reduce avoidable hospital readmissions
A statewide effort led by key stakeholders in South Carolina successfully organized and implemented an evidence-based initiative aimed at improving the quality of healthcare transitions after hospital discharge to prevent avoidable readmissions.

Kids' brain responses to food depend on their body composition
Research using brain-imaging technology has revealed a brain response pattern in children that might represent a step along the path to childhood obesity.

Meeting to build community around Christianson syndrome
Scientists and families from around the world will gather in The Woodlands, Texas, July 30-Aug.

Faced with limited choices, prisoners become entrepreneurs to meet their needs
Inside Gramercy maximum security prison, the market for nearly any kind of good or service is extremely limited, to say the least.

C. difficile needs iron, but not too much: Insights into maintaining it 'just right'
Those bacteria that require iron walk a tightrope. Iron is essential for their growth, but too much iron can damage DNA and enzymes through oxidation.

Study reveals brain network responsible for cognitive changes in multiple sclerosis
New findings published today in Neuropsychology reveal that decreased connectivity between network-specific brain regions are to blame for the central deficit common to the various cognitive changes associated with MS, slowed cognitive speed.

Could black phosphorus be the next silicon?
In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers from McGill University and Université de Montréal report that when electrons move in a phosphorus transistor, they do so only in two dimensions.

S100B protein in diagnosing intracranial hemorrhage in some patients with mild head injury
Researchers from Vienna examined elderly patients and adult patients receiving antiplatelet therapy who had presented with mild head injury to see if levels of S100B protein could help identify whether intracranial bleeding was present.

Reusable shopping bags encourage shoppers to buy produce -- and junk food?
Bringing reusable bags to the grocery store often means you are an environmentally friendly shopper.

Researchers find the organization of the human brain to be nearly ideal
The paper, pub­lished in the July 3 issue of Nature Com­mu­nica­tions, reveals that the struc­ture of the human brain has an almost ideal net­work of connections -- the links that permit infor­ma­tion to travel from, say, the audi­tory cortex (respon­sible for hearing) to the motor cortex (respon­sible for move­ment).

Fewer women than men are shown online ads related to high-paying jobs
Experiments by Carnegie Mellon University showed that significantly fewer women than men were shown online ads promising them help getting jobs paying more than $200,000, raising questions about the fairness of targeting ads online.

Everything you need to know about coastal engineering -- international compendium published
Coastal and ocean engineers can now look forward to new research reading material compiled in a single compendium.

Study shows second severe allergic reaction can occur hours after first
New research offers clues as to why some kids can have a second, related severe allergic reaction hours after a first -- and what to do about it.

Organ transplant rejection may not be permanent
Rejection of transplanted organs in hosts that were previously tolerant may not be permanent, report scientists from the University of Chicago.

Mammography benefits overestimated
An in-depth review of randomized trials on screening for breast, colorectal, cervical, prostate and lung cancers, published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, shows that the benefits of mammographic screening are likely to have been overestimated.

Association between genetic condition, hormonal factors, and risk of endometrial cancer
For women with Lynch syndrome, an association was found between the risk of endometrial cancer and the age of first menstrual cycle, having given birth, and hormonal contraceptive use, according to a study in the July 7 issue of JAMA.

Pupil response predicts depression risk in kids
How much a child's pupil dilates in response to seeing an emotional image can predict his or her risk of depression over the next two years, according to new research from Binghamton University.

Crystal structure and magnetism -- new insight into the fundamentals of solid state physics
A team at HZB has carried out the first detailed study of how magnetic and geometric ordering mutually influence one another in crystalline samples of spinel.

Findings suggest improvement in management of localized prostate cancer
After years of overtreatment for patients with low-risk prostate cancer, rates of active surveillance/ watchful waiting increased sharply in 2010 through 2013, and high-risk disease was more often treated appropriately with potentially curative local treatment rather than androgen deprivation alone, according to a study in the July 7 issue of JAMA.

Smartphones may be detrimental to learning process
A yearlong study of first-time smartphone users by researchers at Rice University and the US Air Force found that users felt smartphones were actually detrimental to their ability to learn.

NCI awards UC researcher $1.8 million to study protein's effect on breast cancer
Xiaoting Zhang, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Cancer Biology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, has received a $1.8 million, five-year, R01 award from the National Cancer Institute to continue breast cancer research focusing on the function of the protein MED1 on HER2-positive breast cancer.

Nine new research units, 1 new clinical research unit
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will establish one new Clinical Research Unit and nine new Research Units.

Hospital readmissions for sepsis are highly common, extremely costly
The Affordable Care Act created several national initiatives aimed at reducing hospital readmission rates for heart attacks, congestive heart failure and other common high-risk conditions.

Timber and construction, a well-matched couple
The IT 781-13 group has for the last 10 years been conducting research into building structures and materials (concrete, steel and timber).

Biogas to biomethane upgrading by water absorption column at low pressure and temperature
A technology based on the absorption of carbon dioxide using water is reported in this paper.

UBC team tracks measles cases introduced to B.C. during the 2010 Games
The Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games brought more than just athletes to British Columbia.

Optical 'dog's nose' may hold key to breath analysis
University of Adelaide researchers are developing a laser system for fast, noninvasive, onsite breath analysis for disease, potentially enabling screening for a range of diseases including diabetes, infections and various cancers in the future.

High levels of dopamine may lead to increased risk-taking
Boosting levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine can lead to increased risk-taking, according to research published July 8 in the Journal of Neuroscience.

New technique enables magnetic patterns to be mapped in 3-D
An international collaboration has succeeded in using synchrotron light to detect and record the complex 3-D magnetization in wound magnetic layers.

New research: Rubber expansion threatens biodiversity and livelihoods
Increasing amounts of environmentally valuable and protected land are being cleared for rubber plantations that are economically unsustainable, new research suggests.

NIH awards Indiana University $900,000 to study link between body temperature and autism
A $900,000 grant to Indiana University from the National Institutes of Health's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development will fund one of the first basic science investigations into potential connections between fever and the relief of some symptoms of autism.

Engineers give invisibility cloaks a slimmer design
Researchers have designed a new cloaking device that overcomes some of the limitations of existing 'invisibility cloaks.' In a new study, electrical engineers at the University of California, San Diego have designed a cloaking device that is both thin and does not alter the brightness of light around a hidden object.

Childhood stress fuels weight gain in women
When it comes to weight gain for women, childhood stress appears to be a bigger culprit than stress during adulthood, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University sociologist.

Down to the quantum dot
Using a single molecule as a sensor, scientists in Jülich have successfully imaged electric potential fields with unrivaled precision.

Nutritional supplement boosts muscle stamina in animal studies
The benefits of exercise are well known, but physical fitness becomes increasingly difficult as people age or develop ailments, creating a downward spiral into poor health.

Investigators develop activated T cell therapy for advanced melanoma
T cells from patients with melanoma can trigger a protective immune response against the disease according to a new study out of University Hospitals Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

Energiewende in the Alps: Switzerland's transition away from nuclear
Switzerland has a long history of trying to be as self-sufficient and energy independent as possible.

Discovery could improve in vitro fertilization success rates for women around the world
Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University, Stanford University, University of Valencia and IGENOMIX have discovered that chromosomal abnormalities in human embryos created for in vitro fertilization, or IVF, can be predicted within the first 30 hours of development at the cell-1 stage which results from the union of a female egg and male sperm.

Customer commitment has many faces, differs globally
Companies that want to increase customers' loyalty and get their repeat business would do well to understand the nuanced ways in which and reasons why a customer is committed to that company, according to a recent study by marketing experts at Rice University and Fordham University.

Yes, AT&T, it pays to win back lost customers
The competition for customers in the service sector is fierce, and new customers are entering the market all the time.

Study identifies brain abnormalities in people with schizophrenia
Structural brain abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia, providing insight into how the condition may develop and respond to treatment, have been identified in an internationally collaborative study led by a Georgia State University scientist.

Higher vitamin D doses may be needed to restore healthy levels in overweight blacks
The current recommended minimum daily dose of vitamin D is not sufficient to restore healthy vitamin D levels in overweight or obese blacks, researchers report.

Extended-field IMRT does not increase duodenal toxicity risk
A study of women with cervical or endometrial cancer who require treatment to the para-aortic (PA) lymph nodes can safely receive extended-field intensity modulated radiation therapy without increased risk of duodenal toxicity, according to a study published in the July-August 2015 issue of Practical Radiation Oncology, the American Society for Radiation Oncology's journal focused on the clinical practice of radiation oncology.

Medical treatments benefit from the contribution of accelerator physics and engineering
History has shown that energetic particles can be useful for medical applications.

Study: Nursing home care for minorities improves
A new study of nursing homes has found that, while disparities continue to exist, the quality of care in homes with higher concentrations of racial and ethnic minority residents has improved and that this progress appears to be linked to increases in Medicaid payments.

Life expectancy substantially lower with combination of diabetes, stroke or heart attack
In an analysis that included nearly 1.2 million participants and more than 135,000 deaths, mortality associated with a history of diabetes, stroke or heart attack was similar for each condition, and the risk of death increased substantially with each additional condition a patient had, according to a study in the July 7 issue of JAMA.

Renowned orthopaedic surgeon, James R. Andrews, M.D., inducted into AOSSM Hall of Fame
Dr. James R. Andrews, M.D., orthopaedic sports medicine leader and past AOSSM President, will be inducted into the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) Hall of Fame on Friday, July 10th, during the Society's Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida.

Poverty plays complex role in entrepreneurship for Indian women
Over a billion entrepreneurs in the world operate in subsistence economies, often living hand to mouth.

Barnett shale research raises new concerns about methane emissions
Researchers from the University of Houston found that some natural gas wells, compressor stations and processing plants in the Barnett Shale leak far more methane than previously estimated, potentially offsetting the climate benefits of natural gas.

As Medicaid turns 50, Hastings Center scholar examines payment reforms
In an article in Health Affairs, Michael K. Gusmano, a Hastings Center scholar, and Frank J.

Normal headphone use unlikely to interfere with settings of programmable shunt valves
Researchers at Brown University examined three magnetically programmable shunt valves to see if the magnetic field emissions of headphones can cause unintentional changes in shunt valve settings. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to