Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 09, 2015
Why not build houses the environmentally friendly way?
Green buildings are indeed healthy buildings. So says Dr. Joseph Allen and fellow researchers of the Harvard T.H.

Managing mining of the deep seabed
The International Seabed Authority is meeting on July 15 to decide on a regulatory framework for mining in the deep-sea floor.

Bacteria use DNA replication to time key decision
Bacteria use their DNA replication cycle to time critical, once-in-a-lifetime decisions about whether to reproduce or form spores.

Study finds vitamin A directs immune cells to the intestines
A key set of immune cells that protect the body from infection would be lost without directions provided by vitamin A, according to a recent study.

Promising drug for childhood acute leukemia -- where to next?
A new Australian study shows that a recently-developed drug, already used safely in adult leukemia clinical trials, holds great promise for some children with an aggressive form of cancer known as acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

New program using CT technology helping doctors better detect lung cancer
Long-time smokers and past smokers now have a more accurate way of detecting whether or not they have lung cancer thanks to a comprehensive lung cancer screening program that uses CT scan technology at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City.

'Jumping genes' may drive esophageal cancer
Cancer Research UK scientists have found that 'jumping genes' may add to the genetic chaos behind more than three-quarters of esophageal cancer cases.

Where iron and water mix
A new study demonstrates that chemical-laden plumes erupted from vents at one section of Mid Ocean Ridge in the southeast Pacific can be traced all the way across the Pacific for more than 4,000 kilometers.

Researchers identify new spectrum disorder called ALPIM syndrome
Research by Jeremy D. Coplan, M.D., professor of psychiatry at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, and colleagues has documented a high rate of association between panic disorder and four domains of physical illness.

Researchers identify gene responsible for some cases of male infertility
In about one-sixth of the cases of male infertility, men do not make any measurable levels of sperm, a condition called azoospermia.

Drs. Bogardus, Mansfield and Mitchell selected to receive 2015 ASTRO Gold Medal
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has chosen three renowned radiation oncology physicians and researchers to receive the 2015 ASTRO Gold Medal: Carl R.

Pandas spend less energy to afford bamboo diet
A suite of energy-saving traits, including underactive thyroid glands, allows giant panda bears to survive almost exclusively on bamboo, according to a new study.

Deceptive flowers
When plants advertise for pollinators they frequently also attract herbivores.

Super graphene helps boost chemotherapy treatment
Silver is often used as a coating on medical equipment used for chemotherapy.

Diet and exercise does not prevent gestational diabetes in obese women
A diet and exercise regime for high-risk obese pregnant women, whilst effective in promoting a healthy lifestyle, does not prevent gestational diabetes, finds a study led by King's College London.

Global trends show seabird populations dropped 70 percent since 1950s
UBC research shows world's monitored seabird populations have dropped 70 percent since the 1950s, a stark indication that marine ecosystems are not doing well.

ACC ACTION Registry-GWTG exceeds 1,000 participating sites
Florida Hospital Celebration Health recently became the 1,000th participating site in the American College of Cardiology's ACTION Registry-GWTG.

Researchers propose better way to invest in the SDGs
What information is needed to make better development decisions? Which set of interventions will maximize a nation's capacity to meet the new Sustainable Development Goals and how will we measure progress?

Cultural and economic factors affect European antidepressant use
Public attitudes towards mental illness and levels of healthcare spending may explain the huge variation in antidepressant use across Europe, according to a new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London.

Tunneling out of the surface
A new chemical reaction pathway on titanium dioxide has been discovered.

Genetic differences may help explain inconsistent effectiveness of anti-HIV drug
Research with human tissue and cells suggests that genetic variations, in addition to failure to comply with treatment regimens, may account for some failures of an anti-HIV drug to treat and prevent HIV infection.

3-D-printed robot is hard at heart, soft on the outside
Engineers at Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego, have created the first robot with a 3-D-printed body that transitions from a rigid core to a soft exterior.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Linfa making landfall in southeastern China
Tropical Storm Linfa was making landfall in southeastern China early on July 9 when NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the storm.

Researchers discover how bacteria sweet-talk their way into plants
An international team of researchers has discovered how legumes are able to tell helpful and harmful invading bacteria apart.

Volcanic eruptions slow down climate change -- temporarily
Although global concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has continuously increased over the past decade, the mean global surface temperature has not followed the same path.

Study finds link between inherited DNA sequences and heart disease
The first study of its kind reveals the role of homozygosity and Britain's biggest killer disease.

Towards an HIV vaccine
Neutralizing antibodies (Nabs) are immune proteins that recognize, bind to, and trigger the elimination of virus before it can establish a chronic infection.

A precocious black hole
Black holes can be found at the centers of most galaxies.

Global sea levels have risen 6 meters or more with just slight global warming
A new review analyzing three decades of research on the historic effects of melting polar ice sheets found that global sea levels have risen at least six meters, or about 20 feet, above present levels on multiple occasions over the past three million years.

New technique for precise light-activated chemotherapy drugs
A new technique that uses light to activate chemotherapy drugs in specific cells shows promise as a way to improve the effectiveness of cancer therapies while preventing severe side effects, according to a study published July 9 in Cell.

Human color vision gives people the ability to see nanoscale differences
Researchers from the University of Stuttgart, Germany, and the University of Eastern Finland have harnessed the human eye's color-sensing strengths to give the eye the ability to distinguish between objects that differ in thickness by no more than a few nanometers, about the width of a single virus.

DNA protection, inch by inch
DNA within reproductive cells is protected through a clever system of find and destroy: new research published in Cell Reports today lifts the veil on how this is done.

Mutations in a single gene underlie vulnerability to 2 unrelated types of infections
Researchers at the Rockefeller University and their colleagues have identified a surprising case in which mutations in the immune gene RORC render children vulnerable to two very different diseases: chronic, but treatable fungal infections, as well as potentially fatal disease caused by otherwise relatively harmless mycobacteria.

Tropical Storm Ela becomes the Central Pacific's first named storm
Tropical Storm Ela was born in the western-most part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean but has become the Central Pacific's first named storm.

Everyday access to nature improves quality of life in older adults
Natural environments are known to promote physical, mental, and spiritual healing.

Spinal cord injuries increasing, especially among older individuals
Traumatic spinal cord injuries are increasing with the population, and incidence is higher in older individuals, according to a Vanderbilt study that was published in the June 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

A graphene-based sensor that is tunable and highly sensitive
Researchers at EPFL and ICFO have developed a sensor made from graphene to detect molecules such as proteins and drugs.

Less intensive chemo avoids irreversible side effects in children's cancer
Children with a rare type of cancer called Wilms' tumor who are at low risk of relapsing can now be given less intensive treatment, avoiding a type of chemotherapy that can cause irreversible heart problems in later life.

UEA scientists separate medical benefits of cannabis from unwanted side effects
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have found a way to separate medical benefits of cannabis from its unwanted side effects.

A tunable, highly sensitive graphene-based molecule sensor
Researchers at EPFL and ICFO have developed a reconfigurable sensor made from graphene to detect nanomolecules such as proteins and drugs.

Modeling a nervous pathway involved in touch-induced behavior
Many animals actively touch objects in their environment and respond to them by appropriate movement sequences.

Molecular scientist David Livingston wins 2015 Annual Basser Global Prize
The Basser Center for BRCA at Penn's Abramson Cancer Center has announced the recipient of its third annual Basser Global Prize.

Hearing test pinpoints middle-ear problems in newborns
Researchers say screening method can reduce false-positive hearing results, reducing need for extensive followup tests, family stress.

Studies, commentary, editorial, editor's note focus on teens, adults at end of life
A related package of articles published online by JAMA Oncology focuses on end-of-life care for teens and young adults and advance care planning for patients with cancer.

Climate change: Compressing the bumblebee range
While the geographic ranges of many animals are expanding northward in response to climate change, those of North American and European bumblebee species are shrinking, a new study shows.

Overhydration potentially deadly for athletes, experts warn
While the risks of dehydration are well known, new international guidelines seek to protect athletes from the serious health risks associated with drinking too many fluids while exercising -- potentially including death.

Neuroscientists establish brain-to-brain networks in primates, rodents
Neuroscientists at Duke University have introduced a new paradigm for brain-machine interfaces that investigates the physiological properties and adaptability of brain circuits, and how the brains of two or more animals can work together to complete simple tasks.

Smart stuff: IQ of Northwest power grid raised, energy saved
Smart grid technologies and approaches can improve energy efficiency and possibly reduce power costs, according to the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project's final report.

New genomic analysis identifies recurrent fusion genes in gastric cancers
Studying the gastric cancers of 15 Southeast Asian patients, researchers at The Jackson Laboratory, the Genome Institute of Singapore and other institutions identified five recurrent fusion genes, one of which appears to lead to cellular changes involved in acute gastritis and cancer.

Study finds that future deployment of distributed solar hinges on electricity rate design
Future distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment levels are highly sensitive to retail electricity rate design, according to a newly released report by researchers from Berkeley Lab.

Study finds violent video games provide quick stress relief, but at a price
A study authored by two University of Wisconsin-Madison graduate students indicates that while playing video games can improve mood, violent games may increase aggressive outcomes.

Biomaterial scaffold implanted after spinal cord injury promotes nerve regeneration
Researchers from the Mayo Clinic demonstrated that implantation of a biomaterial scaffold designed to bridge the lesion caused by a spinal cord injury creates a tissue environment more favorable for nerve regeneration.

Scientists win $1.2 million grant to study environmental triggers of lupus and rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers from The Scripps Research Institute have received a grant of more than $1.2 million from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences' ViCTER (Virtual Consortium for Translational/Transdisciplinary Environmental Research) program to augment existing research into how environmental factors trigger such autoimmune diseases.

NCI awards Huntsman Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center designation
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah its Comprehensive Cancer Center status, the highest designation possible.

New research: Coffee not associated with lifestyle diseases
Danish researchers are the first in the world to have used our genes to investigate the impact of coffee on the body.

Diabetes complications linked to rising risk of dementia
People who have diabetes and experience high rates of complications are more likely to develop dementia as they age than people who have fewer diabetic complications, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Money spent on community-based HIV prevention translates into treatment savings
Every $1 spent on community-based HIV prevention programs in Ontario saves $5 in treatment costs, a new study has found.

NASA sees Typhoon Chan-Hom's strongest winds in northern and eastern quadrants
The RapidScat instrument perched on the International Space Station provides measurements of surface winds and saw that Typhoon Chan-Hom's strongest winds were in its northern and western quadrants as it moved through the Marianas Islands.

Integrating past warm climate data, scientists hone future sea-level rise predictions
In a recent review of the science on past sea-level rise and climate change, climate scientists including Robert DeConto of the University of Massachusetts Amherst survey modeling and other methods used to reconstruct past sea levels and say we are verging on a new era of understanding how quickly the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets may respond to warming, and what rates of sea-level change might accompany such change.

Hopping towards a better soft robot
Harvard engineers have developed one of the first 3-D printed, soft robots that moves autonomously.

UTHealth researcher awarded $1.9 million NIH grant to study Clostridium difficile infections
Charles Darkoh, Ph.D., a researcher at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health, was recently awarded a five-year, $1.9 million R01 grant by the National Institutes of Health to develop a non-antibiotic treatment for Clostridium difficile infections.

Doctors to get better access to digital data
With $1.3 million and a top-priority ranking from the National Institutes of Health, UA College of Engineering researchers are developing data compression software to make biomedical big data universally available.

Blood pressure levels and prevalence among US children and adolescents declined in past decade
The authors of a new study, 'Trends in elevated blood pressure among US children and adolescents: 1999-2012,' published today by the American Journal of Hypertension, examined recent trends in BP levels and prevalence of elevated BP.

A jump for soft-bodied robots
Wyss Institute researchers and their collaborators used a novel multi-material, 3-D printing strategy to construct entire robots using a layer upon layer approach to seamlessly blend rigid to soft components.

U-M, partners predict severe harmful algal bloom for Lake Erie
University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues predict that the 2015 western Lake Erie harmful algal bloom season will be among the most severe in recent years and could become the second-most severe behind the record-setting 2011 bloom.

Buzz the alarm: Climate change puts squeeze on bumblebees
In the most comprehensive study ever conducted of the impacts of climate change on critical pollinators, scientists have discovered that global warming is rapidly shrinking the area where bumblebees are found in both North America and Europe.

MIT scientists hack one of the most common bacteria in human intestines
One of the most common bacteria in the human gut, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, can now be engineered with new functions and re-introduced into the intestinal tract of a mouse.

Scientists don't turn a blind eye to bias
Scientific journals should insist on more robust experimental processes, say biologists after reviewing nearly 900,000 experiments.

Volcanic rocks resembling Roman concrete explain record uplift in Italian caldera
Fiber-reinforced rocks discovered at the site of Italy's dormant Campi Flegrei volcano are similar to a wonder-material used by the ancients to construct enduring structures such as the Pantheon, and may lead to improved construction materials.

Research shows that genomics can match plant variety to climate stresses
A new study on the genomic signatures of adaptation in crop plants can help predict how crop varieties respond to stress from their environments.

Bone-tendon-bone grafts not necessarily a better choice for ACL reconstruction
Surgeons making reconstruction choices for an injured ACL can consider both bone-tendon-bone grafts and hamstring autografts as equally viable options in regards to healing, as reported in research today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla.

New study shows ankle sleeves and lace-up braces can benefit athlete performance
An athlete's use of silicone ankle sleeves and lace-up ankle braces during sports participation can improve neuromuscular control, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla.

New recommendations addresses the diagnosis and management of testosterone deficiency
An expert panel convened by the International Society for Sexual Medicine has developed a detailed 'Process of Care' for the diagnosis and management of testosterone deficiency in men.

With acoustic reflector, carnivorous pitcher plants advertise themselves to bats
In Borneo, some insectivorous bats have developed a rather intriguing relationship with carnivorous pitcher plants.

Rare genetic mutations occur more often in schizophrenia patients, UCLA researchers find
A new study by UCLA scientists adds to the understanding of the genetic architecture of schizophrenia.

Society has been discussing climate change's impacts long before we knew it existed
For the first time, a new analysis shows an impact of climate change on human society long before we knew the climate was actually changing.

Kid swagger: How children react to winning and losing
Children start to recognize 'achievement pride' at age 4 and 5.

UChicago anthropologist leads global effort to improve climate change models
Current climate models do not accurately account for humans' role in changing the environment, according to a UChicago-led team of international researchers embarking upon a project to help climate scientists better document land cover and use over the past 10,000 years.

ECG scans predict kidney disease patients' risk of dying from heart disease
Certain electrocardiogram measures helped investigators identify a subgroup of individuals with chronic kidney disease who had substantially elevated risks of dying from heart disease.

Where does water go when it doesn't flow?
More than a quarter of the rain and snow that falls on continents reaches the oceans as runoff.

Spanish university scientific production has almost doubled in the last decade
The publication of scientific articles by Spanish university researchers has grown by 104.24 percent in the last decade, despite there being no significant increase in the number of professors during the same period.

European scientists separate medical benefits of cannabis from some unwanted side effects
Scientists at the University of East Anglia, University of Barcelona, University Pompeu Fabra and several other European institutions have found a way to separate the medical benefits of cannabis from some of its unwanted side effects.

A new atlas of the brain opens up alternative means for studying brain disorders
A new study, led by Jesús M. Cortés, an Ikerbasque lecturer at the Biocruces Institute for Healthcare Research and an academic collaborator in the Department of Cell Biology and Histology of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, has shed some light on the brain's organization and functions.

ISU study finds it's not what you do, but how you get yourself to exercise that matters
Developing any habit -- good or bad -- starts with a routine, and exercise is no exception.

Human activities, shifts in local species reshaping coastal biodiversity
While human activities have caused extinctions across the globe, your favorite beach or diving site may actually be home to as many, or more, species then it was a few decades ago.

Strong family bonds reduce anxiety in young people with lived experience of domestic violence
Strong relationships with other family members can help raise self-esteem and reduce anxiety for some young people who grow up in homes affected by parental domestic violence.

Testosterone therapy fails to treat ejaculatory dysfunction
Men who have ejaculatory disorders and low testosterone levels did not experience improved sexual function after undergoing testosterone replacement therapy, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Evidence from past suggests climate trends could yield 20-foot sea-level rise
When past temperatures were similar to or slightly higher than the present global average, sea levels rose at least 20 feet, suggesting a similar outcome could be in store if current climate trends continue.

CWRU researchers link prenatal cocaine exposure to adolescents engaging in sex by age 15
Since 1994, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have studied mothers -- some who used cocaine while pregnant and others who did not -- to understand how the drug affected their children's cognitive and social development.

'Conjunction junction' for brain's navigation function
The retrosplenial cortex is a critical interface for mental mapping and way-finding, according to electrophysiological study by UC San Diego cognitive scientists.

Researcher detects traces of HIV in the city
Since the treatment has become available, HIV is often described as 'undetectable' and the risk of transmission has been drastically reduced.

Study reveals alarming effects of climate change on bumble bees
Researchers from the University of Calgary and University of Ottawa have made an astonishing find when it comes to the habitat range of bumble bees, and the results are troubling.

International fisheries conference bringing thousands of scientists to Portland
Thousands of fisheries scientists from around the world will gather in Portland Aug.

Climate change impacts on bumblebees converge across continents
While the geographic ranges of many animals are expanding northward in response to climate change, those of North American and European bumblebee species are shrinking, a new study shows.

Depletion and enrichment of chlorine in perovskites observed
X-ray spectroscopy at BESSY II reveals inhomogenous distribution of chlorine in a special class of perovskite materials.

NOAA, partners predict severe harmful algal bloom for Lake Erie
NOAA is predicting 2015 western Lake Erie harmful algal bloom season will be among the most severe in recent years and could become the second worst behind the record-setting 2011 bloom.The bloom will be expected to measure 8.7 on the severity index with a range from 8.1 to potentially as high as 9.5.

Roman concrete mimicked resistant rock in strained region of Italy
How does the Campi Flegrei caldera, or subsurface rock, near Naples, Italy, withstand more uplift than other calderas without erupting?

Early HIV treatment improves survival in some patients with newly diagnosed TB
Starting anti-HIV treatment within two weeks of the diagnosis of tuberculosis, or TB, improved survival among patients with both infections who had very low immune-cell counts, according to an analysis by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Health.

Nutrition researchers develop the healthy beverage index
Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a new scoring method for assessing beverage intake, the Healthy Beverage Index (HBI).

Carnegie Mellon leads Google expedition to create 'Internet of Things' technology
Carnegie Mellon University will turn its campus into a living laboratory for a Google-funded, multi-university expedition to create a robust platform that will enable Internet-connected sensors, gadgets and buildings to communicate with each other.

Damon Runyon, Sohn Conference Foundations name 4 new pediatric cancer research fellows
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation has named four outstanding young scientists as recipients of the prestigious Damon Runyon-Sohn Pediatric Cancer Research Fellowship Award, committing nearly $875,000 to help address a critical shortage of funding for pediatric cancer research.

Many overweight teenagers do not recognize they are too heavy
More than a third of overweight or obese teenagers don't see themselves as being too heavy and think their weight is about right, according to a Cancer Research UK study published today in the International Journal of Obesity.

Ludwig Cancer Research and University of Oxford launch cancer immunotherapy spinout
Isis Innovation, the University of Oxford's technology commercialisation company, and Ludwig Cancer Research are proud to announce the launch of a new spinout company, iOx Therapeutics. iOx Therapeutics will develop a novel cancer immunotherapy discovered through a collaboration between Ludwig Cancer Research and Professor Vincenzo Cerundolo, the director of the MRC Human Immunology Unit within the University of Oxford's Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine.

Graphene gets competition
Graphene, the only one atom thick carbon network, achieved overnight fame with the 2010 Nobel Prize.

Assessing quality of flowing waters with DNA analyses
The quality of waters can be assessed using of the organisms occurring therein.

NASA's Swift reveals a black hole bull's-eye
What looks like a shooting target is actually an image of nested rings of X-ray light centered on an erupting black hole.

NASA's Aqua satellite observes Supertyphoon Nangka
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Supertyphoon Nangka on July 9 and provided a visible and an infrared view of the large storm.

Study advances potential of tumor genome sequencing and DNA-based blood tests in precision treatment
In a genome-sequencing study of pancreatic cancers and blood in 101 patients, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists say they found at least one-third of the patients' tumors have genetic mutations that may someday help guide precision therapy of their disease.

UA College of Pharmacy researchers link liver disease and drug metabolism
Researchers at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy have discovered that nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an increasingly common but often undiagnosed liver disease, could have significant medical implications for people with type 2 diabetes.

Prion protein protects against epilepsy
In the most systematic and rigorous study conducted thus far in its field, the prion protein (PrPC) was clearly shown to play a role in preventing the onset of epileptic seizures.

Uric acid may lessen women's disability after stroke
Forty-two percent of women treated with uric acid had less disability three months after a stroke compared with women given a placebo.

Researchers find potential link between fat in blood and blood vessel recovery in ischemia
The buildup of fat in the blood not only raises one's risk for heart attack or stroke, but also impairs the growth of new blood vessels.

Jumping robots blend the best of both worlds
Researchers have designed a more efficient jumping robot with three-dimensional (3-D) printing techniques and a combination of hard and soft materials.

Huge new survey to shine light on dark matter
The first results have been released from a major new dark matter survey of the southern skies using ESO's VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at the Paranal Observatory in Chile.

Astronomers find a massive black hole that outgrew its galaxy
Astronomers have spotted a super-sized black hole in the early universe that grew much faster than its host galaxy.

Tropical peatland carbon losses from oil palm plantations may be underestimated
Draining tropical peatlands for oil palm plantations may result in nearly twice as much carbon loss as official estimates, according to a new study by researchers from the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment and the Union of Concerned Scientists in the journal Environmental Research Letters.

Scientists study atmosphere of Venus through transit images
Two of NASA's heliophysics missions can now claim planetary science on their list of scientific findings.

Researcher finds men strip for self-esteem boost
A new study from the University of Colorado Denver finds that male exotic dancers, or strippers, remain committed to stripping because it enhances their self-concept.

Study determines why organizations fight data breaches differently
In the wake of recent high-profile security breaches at retail stores such as Target and Neiman Marcus, a new study from the University of Texas at Dallas determines why differences exist in the level of information security control resources among organizations.

What makes us more likely to take the stairs?
Can pedestrians be convinced to make healthy choices when an escalator seems so much faster and more convenient than a staircase?

Opioids may not spell relief for chronic back pain sufferers with depression, anxiety
A study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists®, found patients who were prescribed opioids to treat chronic lower back pain experienced significantly less pain relief and were more likely to abuse their medication when they had psychiatric disorders such as depression or anxiety.

Investing ~3.5 percent GDP in science, technology, innovation is benchmark for sustainable development: Experts
Investing up to 3.5 percent of a nation's GDP in science, technology and innovation -- including basic science and education -- is a key benchmark for advancing sustainable development effectively, leading experts say.

Researchers identify cause of heart damage in sepsis patients
Researchers at the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health have discovered a common cause of heart damage in patients with sepsis.

Researchers develop basic computing elements for bacteria
Researchers at MIT unveil a series of sensors, memory switches, and circuits that can be encoded in the common human gut bacterium.

Bumblebees disappearing as climate warms in North America and Europe, study finds
Bumblebees are rapidly declining in both North America and Europe, and a new study points to climate change as the major factor.

A new wrinkle: Geometry of brain's outer surface correlates with genetic heritage
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego and the School of Medicine have found that the three-dimensional shape of the cerebral cortex -- the wrinkled outer layer of the brain controlling many functions of thinking and sensation -- strongly correlates with ancestral background.

A galaxy in bloom
The ghostly shells of galaxy ESO 381-12 are captured here in a new image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, set against a backdrop of distant galaxies.

Two-thirds of teen and young adult cancer patients facing end of life use aggressive measures
More than two-thirds of adolescents and young adults dying of cancer utilized one or more aggressive interventions in the last month of life, according to a retrospective study published July 9 in JAMA Oncology.

Aggressive cancer treatment near end of life persists despite rise in advance planning efforts
In a review of nearly 2,000 surveys with people whose loved ones died of cancer, researchers led by Johns Hopkins experts say they found a 40 percent increase over a 12-year period in the number of patients with cancer who participated in one form of advance care planning -- designating durable power of attorney privileges to a loved one -- but no corresponding impact on their rates of aggressive medical care received in the last weeks of life.

Cells help viruses during cell entry
Adenoviruses cause numerous diseases, such as eye or respiratory infections, and they are widely used in gene therapy.

Researchers identify critical genes responsible for brain tumor growth
After generating new brain tumor models, Cedars-Sinai scientists in the Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute identified the role of a family of genes underlying tumor growth in a wide spectrum of high grade brain tumors.

Researchers call for support for data in the cloud to facilitate genomics research
Today in the journal Nature prominent researchers from Canada, Europe and the US have made a powerful call to major funding agencies, asking them to commit to establishing a global genomic data commons in the cloud that could be easily accessed by authorized researchers worldwide. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to