Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 2015
New understanding of genetic susceptibility to infections by Candida and Mycobacterium
By an international collaboration study with the Rockefeller University, researchers at Hiroshima University identified bi-allelic mutations in RORC, which encoded RORγ and RORγT, in seven patients from three kindreds with an unusual combination of candidiasis and mycobacteriosis.

UTHealth's Barbara Murray honored by Rice University
Barbara Murray, M.D., director of the Division of Infectious Diseases at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, was recognized by the Association of Rice Alumni at its Laureates Dinner May 16.

NASA sees Typhoon Nangka leaving the Marianas
NASA's Aqua satellite saw the massive Typhoon Nangka moving out of the Marianas Islands, while NASA's RapidScat instrument pinpointed the location of its strongest winds.

Study finds surprisingly high geothermal heating beneath West Antarctic Ice Sheet
The amount of heat flowing toward the base of the West Antarctic ice sheet from geothermal sources deep within the Earth is surprisingly high, according to a new study led by UC Santa Cruz researchers.

Cell machinery wears complex coat
Researchers at EMBL Heidelberg have produced detailed images of the intricate protein-coats that surround trafficking vesicles -- the 'transport pods' that move material around within biological cells.

No need to treat stable meniscus tears during ACL surgery, new research shows
While athletes undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery often have an additional meniscus injury, treating these tears at the same time may not be necessary.

Neuroscience and technology come together to support people with disabilities
Scientists in the project are developing a system that translates brain waves into sound.

New book on cognition from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
The scientific results discussed in 'Cognition: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology LXXIX' shed light on many areas of normal brain function but also offer novel insights into the treatment of psychiatric, neurological, and neurodegenerative diseases.

UB to study dangers of diver dehydration for US Navy
New research will focus on increasing diver safety, building mission endurance.

The role of the microbiota in preventing allergies
The microbiota is involved in many mechanisms, including digestion, vitamin synthesis and host defense.

Blood stem cells in a rush -- velocity determines quality
For the first time, the research group of Professor Claudia Waskow at the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine at Dresden Technical University is now describing a new mechanism in which the length of the G1 phase of the cell cycle has a dramatic impact on the fitness of human blood stem cells.

Improved sperm diagnostic test may pinpoint best fertility treatment for couples
A Wayne State University School of Medicine professor, in collaboration with researchers at CReAte Fertility Center, University of Toronto, Harvard University and Georgia Reagents University, has developed the first diagnostic test for sperm RNA based on next-generation sequencing.

NASA's Fermi sees record flare from a black hole in a distant galaxy
Five billion years ago, a great disturbance rocked a region near the monster black hole at the center of galaxy 3C 279.

Treatment of shoulder instability helps return collegiate athletes to playing field
Athletes who suffer a shoulder instability injury may return to play more successfully after being treated arthroscopically compared to nonoperative treatment, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting.

Risk of COPD may already occur in adolescence
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of most common causes of death in the world today -- active smoking accounting for approximately 85 percent of all cases.

Satellite shows newborn Tropical Depression 02C form in Central Pacific
OAA's GOES-West satellite saw that Hawaii is in the middle of a triangle of tropical cyclones.

SA's archaeological wonder-sites reveal more of the origins of our unity and diversity
Two of South Africa's most famous archaeological sites, Sibudu and Blombos, have revealed that Middle Stone Age groups who lived in these different areas, more than 1,000 km apart, used similar types of stone tools some 71,000 years ago, but that there were differences in the ways that these tools were made.

Spotting the elephant not in the room
An automated thermal detection system that can discern wild elephants from background and other animals in infrared images could save lives in parts of the world where the animals roam free and often enter villages and other human habitation, according to research published in the International Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics.

Findings identify receptors modulating macrophage responses to spinal cord injury
A study by researchers at the University of Kentucky and the Ohio State University sheds light on opportunities to modulate macrophage responses after spinal cord injury, potentially reducing -- or even reversing -- damage and the resulting side effects.

Ancestral diets determine vulnerability to type 2 diabetes
The middle classes from developing countries are more susceptible than western Caucasians to obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in today's changing environment.

Could hormone-related cancers start before birth?
Much attention has been paid to genetics in breast cancer as disease rates rise, but most women have no family history, suggesting that there is an environmental risk we don't yet understand, says environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg in the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at UMass Amherst.

Study shows variation in rates of secondary cleft lip and palate surgery
For children with cleft lip and palate, the chances of undergoing secondary surgery vary depending on the center where they're treated, reports a study in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery -- Global Open®, the official open-access medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

NASA looks at Typhoon Chan-Hom's strongest winds on approach to China
RapidScat spotted Chan-Hom's strongest winds away from Taiwan as it approached mainland China for landfall.

New research allows doctors to image dangerous 'hardening' of the arteries
Researchers at the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh, have shown how a radioactive agent developed in the 1960s to detect bone cancer can be re-purposed to highlight the build-up of unstable calcium deposits in arteries, a process that can cause heart attack and stroke.

The rhythm cells must go by
Life is subject to natural rhythms, such as the light and dark cycle or seasonal variation in temperature.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to help small 'green' businesses
PNNL named a lead laboratory for new DOE Pilot designed to give small clean energy firms more technology assistance from DOE labs.

Neutrons find 'missing' magnetism of plutonium
Groundbreaking work at two Department of Energy national laboratories has confirmed plutonium's magnetism, which scientists have long theorized but have never been able to experimentally observe.

Perlin of HCA, Joshi of Emdeon highlight 3rd INFORMS health care analytics conference
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, the leading international association for professionals in analytics and operations research, is hosting its third Healthcare Conference with a far-reaching series of presentations about the growing importance of analytics in healthcare.

Satellite shows Post-Tropical Depression Ela northeast of Hawaii
NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw that Hawaii is in the middle of a triangle of tropical cyclones.

Largest US conference of the year on crystallography
The 65th Annual Meeting of the American Crystallographic Association Convenes in Philadelphia this Month, from July 25-29, 2015.

Newest NOAA fisheries survey ship begins West Coast and Alaska whale survey
NOAA's newest research ship, the Reuben Lasker, departed San Diego this week on its first scientific mission, which includes surveying gray whales along the West Coast.

NCI awards top-tier comprehensive status to UTSW's Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center
The National Cancer Institute has awarded UT Southwestern Medical Center's Harold C.

Obesity drug has no effect on baby birthweights, study finds
Treating obese pregnant women with a diabetes drug does not stop their babies from being born overweight, a study led by the University of Edinburgh has found.

Graphene-based film can be used for efficient cooling of electronics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method for efficiently cooling electronics using graphene-based film.

BioMed Central publishes open-access journal dedicated to physiotherapy
In partnership with the Italian Society of Physiotherapy and the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, BioMed Central has launched Archives of Physiotherapy.

Satellite shows newborn Tropical Depression 01C form in Central Pacific
NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw that Hawaii is in the middle of a triangle of tropical cyclones.

Cutting cost and power consumption for big data
At the International Symposium on Computer Architecture in June, MIT researchers presented a new system that, for several common big-data applications, should make servers using flash memory as efficient as those using conventional RAM, while preserving their power and cost savings.

Cancer patients treated in world-first clinical trial of Canadian viral therapy
Canadian researchers have launched the world's first clinical trial of a novel investigational therapy that uses a combination of two viruses to attack and kill cancer cells, and stimulate an anti-cancer immune response.

Cell structure discovery advances understanding of cancer development
University of Warwick researchers have discovered a cell structure which could help scientists understand why some cancers develop.

Can you actually hear 'inaudible' sound?
Are wind farms harmful to humans? This controversial topic makes emotions run high.

Farming is driving force drying soil in Northern China
An important agricultural region in China is drying out, and increased farming may be more to blame than rising temperatures and less rain, according to a study spanning 30 years of data.

Men may feel more threatened by female bosses, research finds
New social psychology research has found that men are more threatened by female supervisors and become more assertive in advocating for themselves in negotiation exercises.

Study identifies factors affecting prescription pain reliever misuse
People who misuse prescription pain relievers all have one thing in common, University of Georgia researchers have discovered: a history of recent illicit drug use.

Surgery may be best treatment option for multidirectional shoulder dislocations
While multidirectional instability of the shoulder has been traditionally treated without surgery, research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla., shows surgery is also effective for this type of dislocation.

To avoid dangerous shark encounters, information trumps culling
California scientists found that the risk of white shark attack for individual ocean users in California has fallen strikingly, by over 91 percent, since 1950, in a study to be published online ahead of print in the Ecological Society of America's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment later this month.

USC Stem Cell researchers poke around for blood genes
Even though the transplantation of blood stem cells, also known as bone marrow, has saved many lives over many decades, the genes that control the number or function of blood stem cells are not fully understood.

Scientists simulate the space environment during NASA's New Horizons flyby
When destined to stay close to Earth, spacecraft often must withstand the hazards of our space environment. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to