Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 15, 2015
Childhood psychiatric problems associated with problems in adulthood
Children with psychiatric problems were more likely to have health, legal, financial and social problems as adults even if their psychiatric disorders did not persist into adulthood and even if they did not meet the full diagnostic criteria for a disorder, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Pre-college science programs lead to more science majors
High school students who take part in pre-college programs that focus on science are much more likely to pursue higher education and, eventually, careers in science, technology, engineering and medicine -- the STEM disciplines.

Human-wrought environmental changes impacting crops, pollinators could harm millions
Changing global environmental conditions caused by humans could negatively impact the health of millions by altering key crops, say two Harvard T.H.

New fuel-cell materials pave the way for practical hydrogen-powered cars
Hydrogen fuel cells promise clean cars that emit only water.

Compounds show potential in fighting brain and breast cancers
The University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researchers' discovery has potential to help brain and breast cancer patients.

Brain network that controls, redirects attention identified
Researchers at Columbia have found that key parts of the human brain network that give us the power to control and redirect our attention -- a core cognitive ability -- may be unique to humans.

Better chocolate with microbes
For decades, researchers have worked to improve cacao fermentation by controlling the microbes involved.

Subset of plasma cells represent 'historical record' of childhood infections
Immunologists from Emory University have identified a distinct set of long-lived antibody-producing cells in the human bone marrow that function as an immune archive.

Air pollution from wildfires may ignite heart hazards
Air pollution from wildfires may increase risk of cardiac arrests, and other sudden acute heart problems, researchers have found.

US media over-represent contributors to policy making, study finds
American media in effort to highlight a diverse set of voices in covering politics generally over-represent the amount of people who contribute to policy making when compared with journalists in South Korea.

Age doesn't dull damselfly sex
Aging damselflies never lose their libidos and are just as likely as younger competitors to mate.

Attention beachgoers: Fecal contamination affects sand more than water
'No swimming' signs have already popped up this summer along coastlines where fecal bacteria have invaded otherwise inviting waters.

Oil spills affecting fish population
A mixture of bitumen and gasoline-like solvents known as dilbit that flows through Prairie pipelines can seriously harm fish populations, according to research out of Queen's University and the Royal Military College of Canada.

Defective telomeres are now being linked to dozens of diseases, including many types of cancer
Studying telomeres, the structures that protect the ends of chromosomes, has become a key issue in biology.

CFC most likely major driver of climate change, not CO2: Expert
In his forthcoming book, 'New Theories and Predictions on the Ozone Hole and Climate Change,' Professor Lu quantifies the contributions of the cosmic-ray-driven electron-induced-reaction mechanism to the ozone hole and of the CFC-warming mechanism to global surface temperature change.

Futurist Mike Walsh: Food producers must embrace innovation to succeed with next generation
The most successful food producers and manufacturers in the next decade will be the ones who harness the rapid advancements in science and technology to meet the demands of the first fully digital generation as they become adults, according to a July 13 keynote address by futurist Mike Walsh at IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago.

The trustworthiness of an inmate's face may seal his fate
The perceived trustworthiness of an inmate's face may determine the severity of the sentence he receives, according to new research using photos and sentencing data for inmates in the state of Florida.

Oriental honey buzzards might stop to smell the pollen
Oriental honey buzzards, birds of prey, likely use a combination of their senses of smell and sight to identify nutritious pollen dough balls found in Taiwanese beehives.

Pneumonia investment doesn't match mortality burden
UK investment in pneumonia research is lacking when compared to spending on influenza and tuberculosis, according to a new study by the University of Southampton and University College London.

Does heart disease begin in childhood?
Researchers find a 'statistically significant association' between higher vitamin D levels and lower non-HDL cholesterol in kids.

Adolescents are not shy about discussing marijuana use on Twitter
More than 65 percent of the marijuana-related messages posted by adolescents on Twitter indicate a positive attitude toward marijuana use, and of the teens' original tweets evaluated as part of a recent study, nearly 43 percent suggest personal use of the drug.

High blood levels of growth factor correlate with smaller brain areas in patients with schizophrenia
High blood levels of a growth factor known to enable new blood vessel development and brain cell protection correlate with a smaller size of brain areas key to complex thought, emotion and behavior in patients with schizophrenia, researchers report in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Study links success in adulthood to childhood psychiatric health
Children with even mild or passing bouts of depression, anxiety and/or behavioral issues were more inclined to have serious problems that complicated their ability to lead successful lives as adults, according to research from Duke Medicine.

Non-invasive brain stimulation technique could transform learning
Researchers have discovered a new technique to enhance brain excitability that could improve physical performance in healthy individuals such as athletes and musicians.

New light technology helps improve food safety
Light-based technologies are emerging as tools to enhance food shelf life and guard against food contaminants but more research needs to be done, warn food scientists at a July 13 panel discussion at IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago.

Alzheimer's may affect the brain differently in African-Americans than European-Americans
Alzheimer's disease may cause different changes in the brain, or pathologies, in African-Americans than in white Americans of European descent, according to a study published in the July 15, 2015, online issue of the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Wayne State University awarded for elder abuse research
Peter Lichtenberg, Ph.D., director of the Institute of Gerontology at Wayne State University, won the Judge Edward Sosnick Courage to Lead Award for his extensive work to create ways of identifying older adults at risk of financial exploitation.

Magnetic nanoparticles could be key to effective immunotherapy
In recent years, researchers have hotly pursued immunotherapy, a promising form of treatment that relies on harnessing and training the body's own immune system to better fight cancer and infection.

Plantations of nanorods on carpets of graphene capture the Sun's energy
The Sun can be a better chemist, thanks to zinc oxide nanorod arrays grown on a graphene substrate and 'decorated' with dots of cadmium sulphide.

NYU study examines psychoactive 'bath salt' use among US high school seniors
33 percent of students who used bath salts reported using only once or twice; however, frequent use was also common among users with an alarming 18 percent of users reporting using 40 or more times in the last year.

Color-blind? Whites aware of their bias better for modern race issues, says new study
A new study published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology finds that whites aware of their racial biases are better equipped to address contemporary race challenges, where prejudice is often expressed in subtle, unintentional and unconscious ways, than those who claim to have no preference for whites over blacks.

Clinical pathway uncovers obstructive sleep apnea in hospitalized patients
A multi-disciplinary group of researchers and physicians at Thomas Jefferson University and Hospitals have created a clinical pathway to identify obstructive sleep apnea in higher-risk, hospitalized patients.

Nanoparticles used to prevent inflammatory acne through slow-released nitric oxide
GW researcher and dermatologist, Adam Friedman, M.D., and colleagues, find that the release of nitric oxide over time may be a new way to treat and prevent acne through nanotechnology.

'Housing First' can reduce alcohol problems for homeless people with mental illness
A 'Housing First' approach can reduce alcohol-related problems among homeless people with mental illness, a study finds.

A portable 'paper machine' can diagnose disease for less than $2
In the US and other industrialized nations, testing for infectious diseases and cancer often requires expensive equipment and highly trained specialists.

University of Washington chemists help develop a novel drug to fight malaria
An international team of scientists -- led by researchers from the University of Washington and two other institutions -- has announced that a new compound to fight malaria is ready for human trials.

A lion tale: Humans cause most mountain lion deaths in Southern California
A 13-year study combined genetic and demographic data to determine that even though hunting mountain lions is prohibited in California, humans caused more than half the known deaths of mountain lions studied.

Michael Horn receives prestigious honor for young faculty
Northwestern University's Michael S. Horn, a scientist who studies how people learn from new technologies and designs innovative learning experiences, has received a prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation.

Climate change threatens one of Lake Erie's most popular fish
Research has suggested yellow perch grow more rapidly during the short winters resulting from climate change, but a new study shows warmer water temperatures can lead to the production of less hardy eggs and larvae that have trouble surviving these early stages of life in Lake Erie.

The molecular architecture of cell fission processes has been revealed
The research on dynamin 1 protein led by scientists in the Biophysics Unit of the UPV/EHU (University of the Basque Country)-CSIC (National Research Council) has been published in Nature.

Review examines nutritional issues related to autism spectrum disorder
There is consensus that children with autism have selective eating patterns, food neophobia, limited food repertoire, and sensory issues.

Researchers discover surprising link between chronic stress and preterm birth
New research from the University of Alberta suggests that excessive stress can result in preterm birth, which has been show to affect a person's health throughout their life.

Lessons learned from the Exxon Valdez and Deepwater Horizon oil spills
Five years ago this week, engineers stopped the Deepwater Horizon oil spill -- the largest one in US history, easily displacing the Exxon Valdez spill from the top spot.

Molecular fuel cell catalysts hold promise for efficient energy storage
In the quest for better, less expensive ways to store and use energy, platinum and other precious metals play an important role.

Improved care and fewer deaths since introduction of NHS hip fracture initiative
Substantial improvements in the care and survival of older people with hip fracture in England have followed the introduction of a collaborative national initiative to tackle the issue, according to a new study led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and published in the Medical Care journal.

Many opioid overdoses linked to lower prescribed doses, intermittent use
Overdoses of opioid pain medications frequently occur in people who aren't chronic users with high prescribed opioid doses -- the groups targeted by current opioid prescribing guidelines, reports a study in the August issue of Medical Care.

More research needed on rare, potentially fatal CV disorder that can strike healthy pregnant women
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare disorder characterized by weakened pumping of the heart, or 'left ventricular dysfunction,' which results in otherwise healthy pregnant women experiencing heart failure shortly before or up to five months after they deliver healthy babies.

Large-scale trial will assess effectiveness of teaching mindfulness in UK schools
A major Wellcome Trust study to assess whether mindfulness training for teenagers can improve their mental health launches today.

With teeth like that, this pre-dinosaur vegetarian was no push over
Head-butting and canine display during male-male combat first appeared some 270 million years ago.

Body temperature may trigger sudden cardiac death
Simon Fraser University professor Peter Ruben found when studying the proteins that underlie electrical signaling in the heart, and subjecting those proteins to conditions that are similar to the stress of exercise, in some cases, temperature can cause changes that trigger arrhythmia

Closer look at microorganism provides insight on carbon cycling
An Argonne/University of Tennessee research team reconstructed the crystal structure of BAP, a protein involved in the process by which marine archaea release carbon, to determine how it functioned, as well as its larger role in carbon cycling in marine sediments.

SAGE announces partnership with the Political Studies Association
SAGE is delighted to announce that as of January 2016, it will publish the prestigious journals of the UK's preeminent learned society in political studies, the Political Studies Association.

Breast cancer survivors gain more weight than cancer-free women
Among women with a family history of breast cancer, those diagnosed with breast cancer gained weight at a greater rate compared with cancer-free women of the same age and menopausal status.

Research finds diversifying your diet may make your gut healthier
A loss of dietary diversity during the past 50 years could be a contributing factor to the rise in obesity, Type 2 diabetes, gastrointestinal problems and other diseases, according to a lecture by Mark Heiman, vice president and chief scientific officer at MicroBiome Therapeutics, at IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago.

Scientists 'watch' rats string memories together
By using electrode implants to track nerve cells firing in the brains of rats as they plan where to go next, Johns Hopkins scientists say they have learned that the mammalian brain likely reconstructs memories in a way more like jumping across stepping stones than walking across a bridge.

PET adapted treatment improves outcome of patients with stages I/II Hodgkin Lymphoma
Final results of the randomized intergroup EORTC, LYSA (Lymphoma Study Association), FIL (Fondazione Italiana Linfomi) H10 trial presented at the 13th International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma in Lugano, Switzerland, on 19 June 2015 show that early FDG-PET ( 2-deoxy-2[F-18]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography) adapted treatment improves the outcome of early FDG-PET-positive patients with stages I/II Hodgkin lymphoma.

A new strategy against spinal cord injuries
Patients, doctors and researchers look with great expectations to epidural electrostimulation, a medical technique that could alleviate the condition of subjects affected by paralysis due to spinal cord injury.

Stem cells move one step closer to cure for genetic diseases
Salk scientists have created mutation-free lines of stem cells from human patients with mitochondrial diseases.

Gene therapy gives long-term protection to photoreceptor cells
A collaboration between scientists in the UK and the USA has shown that gene therapy can give life-long protection to the light-sensitive photoreceptor cells responsible for color vision in a mouse model of the most common inherited eye disorder.

UCSF Medical Center named one of 2015's 'Most Wired' hospitals
UCSF Medical Center and UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco have been named one of HealthCare's Most Wired for 2015, in recognition of the focus on security and patient engagement through information technology.

'White graphene' structures can take the heat
Three-dimensional structures of boron nitride sheets and nanotubes may offer a way to keep small electronic devices cool, according to scientists at Rice University.

Iowa State analysis reveals needs for improvement in youth fitness
A new study provides a snapshot of health-related physical fitness levels for US schoolchildren in grades first through 12th.

Your phone knows if you're depressed
Depression can be detected from your smartphone sensor data by tracking the number of minutes you use the phone and your daily geographical locations, reports a Northwestern study.

CU researchers offer lower-cost procedure for children with digestive tract problems
Physicians at the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus have published research that suggests a safe and lower-cost way to diagnose and treat problems in the upper gastrointestinal tract of children.

Air pollution from wildfires may ignite heart hazards
Exposure to fine particle air pollution during wildfires may increase risk for cardiac arrest and other acute heart problems, particularly in the elderly.

Love conquers all: A new beetle species from Cambodia named after Venus
A team of Japanese scientists Mr. Kakizoe and Dr. Maruyama found and described a new species of scarab beetle from Cambodia.

Evolution of our mammalian ancestor's ear bone -- first detailed study
Dr. Leandro Gaetano and Professor Fernando Abdala from the University of the Witwatersrand's Evolutionary Studies Institute have completed the first detailed and comprehensive analysis on the ear bone of Triassic cynodonts, and have found some noticeable variations in the morphology of this bone -- even among animals of the same species.

Boosting nutrients gives a leg up to invasive species
Species invasions come at a high cost. In the United States, the annual cost to the economy tops $100 billion a year and invasive plant infestations affect 100 million acres.

Engineered hybrid crystal opens new frontiers for high-efficiency lighting
University of Toronto engineers have combined two promising solar cell materials together for the first time, creating a new platform for LED technology.

Jupiter twin discovered around solar twin
Astronomers have used the ESO 3.6-meter telescope to identify a planet just like Jupiter orbiting at the same distance from a sun-like star, HIP 11915.

Vision-restoring gene therapy also strengthens visual processing pathways in brain
Since 2007, clinical trials using gene therapy have resulted in often-dramatic sight restoration for dozens of children and adults who were otherwise doomed to blindness.

The secret to the sea sapphire's colors -- and invisibility (video)
Sapphirina, or sea sapphire, has been called 'the most beautiful animal you've never seen,' and it could be one of the most magical.

Mercury scrubbers at power plant lower other pollution too
Air pollution controls installed at an Oregon coal-fired power plant to curb mercury emissions are unexpectedly reducing another class of harmful emissions as well.

In search of a healthy and energy efficient building
Imagine if, in an effort to clean the air more efficiently, you were involuntarily introducing chemicals more dangerous than the ones you were trying to scrub.

Marine litter undermines benefits of coastal environments
Marine litter has the potential to undermine the psychological benefits of coastal environments, according to a new study by Plymouth University.

UGA study finds Southeast's rural landscapes pose potential risk for salmonella infection
Researchers from the University of Georgia have determined that various freshwater sources in Georgia, such as rivers and lakes, could feature levels of salmonella that pose a risk to humans.

Host genetics played a role in vaccine efficacy in the RV144 HIV vaccine trial
New findings published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine show that host genetics played a role in protection against HIV infection in the landmark RV144 vaccine trial conducted in Thailand.

From power grids to heartbeat: Using mathematics to restore rhythm
When a rhythm stalls, the effect can be fatal -- in a power grid it can mean a blackout, and in the human heart even death.

How GPR40, a known receptor for dietary fatty acids, may protect from osteoarthritis?
Dietary fatty acids may modulate inflammation and cartilage degradation to prevent or slow down Osteoarthritis (OA) through the orphan receptor GPR40.

Old astronomic riddle on the way to be solved
Scientists at the University of Basel were able to identify for the first time a molecule responsible for the absorption of starlight in space: the positively charged Buckminsterfullerene, or so-called football molecule.

Scientists find mechanism for altered pattern of brain growth in autism spectrum disorder
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have uncovered how mutations in a specific autism risk gene alter the basic trajectory of early brain development in animal models.

Postmenopausal women with depression or urinary incontinence experience vaginal symptoms
Special efforts should be made to identify and treat depression and urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms, according to UC San Francisco researchers, as these two common conditions not only tend to co-exist with vaginal symptoms but also may complicate the impact of these symptoms on women's daily activities and quality of life.

First made-in-Singapore cancer drug enters clinical testing
A made-in-Singapore cancer drug has advanced into clinical trials, charting a milestone in Singapore's biomedical sciences initiative that will go towards improving the lives of cancer patients in Singapore, and worldwide.

Coastal academies are changing school cultures in disadvantaged regions
Academies in some of the most socio-economically deprived areas of England are proving to be successful in raising academic achievement and aspirations among pupils, according to a new report.

TGen finds gene causing appearance of premature aging and severe loss of fat in children
Researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute have identified a genetic mutation associated with the appearance of premature aging and severe loss of body fat in children.

Accounting for short-lived forcers in carbon budgets
New IIASA research shows how measures to reduce emissions of short-lived climate forcers can impact global carbon budgets for limiting climate change to below 2°C over pre-industrial levels.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Enrique enter cooler waters, weaken
Tropical cyclones need sea surface temperatures of at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.6 Celsius) to maintain strength, and a new infrared image from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Tropical Storm Enrique has moved into an area where temperatures are under that threshold.

HIV uses the immune system's own tools to suppress it
A Canadian research team at the IRCM in Montreal, led by molecular Eric A.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Hurricane Dolores moving away from Mexico
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Hurricane Dolores in the Eastern Pacific Ocean as it continued to move away from the southwestern coast of Mexico.

New guidelines for the treatment of IPF released by leading respiratory societies
Updated guidelines on the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis have been released by an international group of leading respiratory societies, The new guidelines, issued by the American Thoracic Society, the European Respiratory Society, the Japanese Respiratory Society, and the Latin American Thoracic Association, were published in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Oxford Ebola vaccine study moves to next phase
Oxford University doctors and scientists are performing the second phase of clinical studies of an experimental Ebola vaccine regimen.

Affordable, non-invasive test may detect who is most at risk for Alzheimer's
New research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published in the latest Journal of Alzheimer's Disease is attempting to identify a potential biomarker that could offer a more complete picture of who is most at risk for Alzheimer's.

Therapeutic target identified for treatment of spinal cord injuries
UAB researchers have identified a therapeutic target for the treatment of acute spinal cord injuries.

Penn Vet team shows a protein modification determines enzyme's fate
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine show that an amino acid tag has the power to greatly influence the function of an enzyme called PRPS2, which is required for human life and can become hyperactive in cancer.

Low cost interventions can improve patient and staff safety in mental health wards
A recent study, published in the International Journal of Nursing Studies, reveals a set of ten low-cost interventions that can increase safety on psychiatric wards.

Jealousy in a romantic relationship can lead to alcohol problems
People who depend on their relationship to make them feel good about themselves are more likely to drown their sorrows if they believe their partner is cheating, suggests new research.

Exercise can improve brain function in older adults
New research conducted at the University of Kansas Medical Center indicates that older adults can improve brain function by raising their fitness level.

RapidScat shows a dying Post-Tropical Storm Claudette
NASA's RapidScat instrument saw that Post-Tropical Storm Claudette's winds were waning with the exception of those in its southwestern quadrant.

Altruism is simpler than we thought
A new computational model of how the brain makes altruistic choices is able to predict when a person will act generously in a scenario involving the sacrifice of money.

Insects may be the answer to consumer demand for more protein
The growing consumer demand for protein -- and the lack of new farmland to raise more livestock -- could make insects an attractive alternative to traditional protein sources, according to a July 13 symposium at IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago.

Better DNA hair analysis for catching criminals
A simple, lower-cost new method for DNA profiling of human hairs developed by the University of Adelaide should improve opportunities to link criminals to serious crimes.

China, Taiwan strengthen food safety laws
China and Taiwan have enhanced the powers of their Food and Drug Administrations to be more effective in ensuring food safety and guarding against food fraud, according to a July 13 panel discussion at IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago.

Uncovering a key relationship in ALS
A University of Toronto research team develops novel antibodies for tracking C9orf72, and uncovers a link between the genetic cause of ALS and its pathology.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Typhoon Halola elongating
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Typhoon Halola in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and captured temperature data on the storm.

Physical fitness in US youth assessed: NFL PLAY 60 FITNESSGRAM shows more activity needed
Although it is well documented that child and adolescent overweight and obesity have been increasing, little is known about actual fitness levels in these age groups.

SLU scientist awarded special NIH grant to solve painkiller problem
SLU pain researcher Daniela Salvemini has been awarded the NIH's Cutting-Edge Basic Research Award to solve an alarming problem: pain killers that are capable of quelling terrible pain also carry debilitating side effects and significant risk of addiction.

'Cracking' gluten intolerance
University of Alberta researchers may have found a way to help people with celiac disease enjoy the wide variety of foods they normally have to shun.

Researchers have shown that a drug currently in testing shows potential to cure malaria
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and in Australia have shown that a drug currently in testing shows potential to cure malaria in a single dose and offers promise as a preventive treatment as well.

Unsafe newborn sleep influenced by grandmas and family traditions
Family, cultural and geographical influences may lead some mothers to place their newborn children in unsafe sleeping positions, according to Deborah Raines, associate professor in the University at Buffalo School of Nursing.

Human activities are jeopardizing Earth's natural systems and health of future generations
A new report released today by The Rockefeller Foundation-Lancet Commission on Planetary Health, calls for immediate, global action to protect the health of human civilization and the natural systems on which it depends.

For faster, larger graphene add a liquid layer
Millimeter-sized crystals of high-quality graphene can be made in minutes instead of hours using a new scalable technique, Oxford University researchers have demonstrated.

New antibody treats traumatic brain injury and prevents long-term neurodegeneration
Researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center provide the first direct evidence linking traumatic brain injury to Alzheimer's disease and CTE and develop an antibody to treat TBI -- and prevent the development of these debilitating diseases.

Research finds ovarian hormones play genes like a fiddle
A complex relationship between genes, hormones and social factors can lead to eating disorders in women.

OHSU scientists unlock first step toward gene therapy treatment of mitochondrial disease
A study led by Shoukhrat Mitalipov, Ph.D., and Hong Ma, M.D., Ph.D., at the Center for Embryonic Cell and Gene Therapy at Oregon Health & Science University and the Oregon National Primate Research Center has revealed the first critical step in developing novel gene and stem cell therapy treatments for patients with mitochondrial disease.

Evolutionary trees reveal patterns of microbial diversification
Drawing inspiration from a class on coarse-graining methods in physics, researchers realized the technique could be used to understand how microbes evolve over time.

ASCB task force on scientific reproducibility calls for action and reform
In the face of growing concerns about the reproducibility of published scientific data, a special task force of the American Society for Cell Biology has made 13 recommendations to tighten standards, improve statistics and ethics training, and encourage self-policing by life scientists.

New evidence linking brain mutation to autism, epilepsy and other neuro disorders
Findings, published July 15 in Nature Communications, reveal the extent a mutation associated with autism and epilepsy plays in impairing a biochemical process in the brain.

Outcomes comparable for in-person and in-home telerehabilitation following total knee replacement surgery
Patients who received rehabilitation instructions via video teleconference, or 'telerehabilitation,' following total knee replacement surgery had comparable outcomes to patients who received in-person physical therapy, according to a study appearing in the July 15 issue of the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Case Western Reserve to lead multi-institutional 'big data' project
Case Western Reserve University is one of three institutions nationwide to win federal 'big data' grants focused on developing ways to ensure the integrity and comparability of the reams of information the US health care system collects every day.

Researcher gets $1.48 million to study disease that causes blindness in AIDS patients
Dr. Richard Dix, professor in the Department of Biology at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.48 million federal grant to study an eye disease that causes vision loss and blindness in HIV-immunosuppressed patients who do not have access to antiretroviral therapy or don't respond to the therapy.

UI researchers stimulate human amygdala to gain key insight into SUDEP
University of Iowa researchers have identified areas of the human brain in which breathing is controlled and, in some cases, impaired.

Scientists find new variant of streptococcal bacteria causing severe infections
Scientists have discovered a new variant of streptococcal bacteria that has contributed to a rise in disease cases in the UK over the last 17 years.

Breast cancer survivors gain weight at a higher rate than their cancer-free peers
Breast cancer survivors with a family history of the disease, including those who carry BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, gained more weight over the course of four years than cancer-free women -- especially if they were treated with chemotherapy, according to a prospective study by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers.

Are fuel cells environmentally friendly? Not always!
Fuel cells are regarded as the technology of the future for both cars and household heating systems.

ROI awards two project grants to examine the comparative value of radiation therapy
The Radiation Oncology Institute has selected David J. Sher, MD, MPH, an associate professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Texas--Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, and Anand Shah, MD, MPH, a post-doctoral residency fellow in the Department of Radiation Oncology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York to receive grants for their projects to examine the comparative value of radiation therapy, in response to ROI's Request for Proposals issued earlier this year.

UGA researchers develop breakthrough tools in fight against cryptosporidium
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed new tools to study and genetically manipulate cryptosporidium, a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis.

Fruitfly sperm cells reveal intricate coordination in stem cell replication
Stem cells are key for the continual renewal of tissues in our bodies.

NASA sees a ragged eye in Typhoon Nangka
NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Typhoon Nangka's ragged eye when it was south of Kyhshu, Japan, early on July 15.

Hydraulic fracturing linked to increases in hospitalization rates in the Marcellus Shale
Hospitalizations for heart conditions, neurological illness, and other conditions were higher among people who live near unconventional gas and oil drilling (hydraulic fracturing), according to new research from Pennsylvania and Columbia, published in PLOS ONE.

New modeling shows Canadian decarbonization technically possible
Canada can make deep reductions in carbon emissions by 2050 while the economy prospers, but doing so will take stronger policies, new regulations and technology innovation, says a report prepared by CMC Research Institutes.

This week from AGU: Undercutting glaciers, ocean research & five new research papers
This week from AGU: Undercutting glaciers, oceanographic research & five new research papers.

Rates of drunk driving tied to state alcohol policies, BU study finds
States with more restrictive alcohol policies and regulations have lower rates of self-reported drunk driving, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University schools of public health and medicine and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.
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