Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 16, 2015
Women and fragrances: Scents and sensitivity
Researchers have sniffed out an unspoken rule among women when it comes to fragrances: women don't buy perfume for other women, and they certainly don't share them.

It's official: Workplace rudeness is contagious
Rudeness in the workplace isn't just unpleasant: it's also contagious.

Resveratrol, quercetin could provide new options for cancer therapy
Resveratrol and quercetin, two polyphenols that have been widely studied for their health properties, may soon become the basis of an important new advance in cancer treatment, primarily by improving the efficacy and potential use of an existing chemotherapeutic cancer drug.

New Ice Age may begin by 2030
The arrival of intense cold similar to the one raged during the 'Little Ice Age,' which froze the world during the 17th century and in the beginning of the 18th century, is expected in the years 2030-2040.

Weyl points: Wanted for 86 years
Weyl points, the 3-D analogues of the structures that make graphene exceptional, were theoretically predicted in 1929.

Repeat infection with malaria parasites might make mosquitoes more dangerous
In malaria-endemic regions, humans are often infected repeatedly with the Plasmodium parasite.

Researchers find the 'acoustic signature' of screams
A team of NYU neuroscientists has identified the 'acoustic signature' of screams, a study that points to the unique attributes of this form of expression and suggests we are able to generate sounds reserved exclusively for signaling distress.

Caught on camera: The first glimpse of powerful nanoparticles
Researchers have developed a new method to capture the 3-D structures of nanocrystals.

Study IDs traits of those who screen positive for dementia but refuse diagnostic testing
Two thirds of individuals 65 and older who screened positive for cognitive impairment refused subsequent evaluation according to the first study of its kind to examine older adults' willingness to undergo diagnostic assessment.

Presidents of National Academy of Medicine and National Academy of Sciences Present new initiative on ethics of human gene editing technology
Victor J. Dzau, MD, President of the National Academy of Medicine, and Ralph J.

A most singular nano-imaging technique
'SINGLE' is a new imaging technique that provides the first atomic-scale 3-D structures of individual nanoparticles in solution.

Lipid enzyme heightens insulin sensitivity, potential therapy to treat Type 2 diabetes
Reducing high concentrations of a fatty molecule that is commonly found in people with diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease rapidly improves insulin sensitivity.

Tradable Energy Quotas offer fair and effective route to low carbon society
To achieve public support for a transformation to a low carbon society, politicians would be advised to implement a quantity-based energy quota system, with a fixed and decreasing cap on total use, rather than relying on carbon pricing and taxation mechanisms, according to a new study.

UofL offers vaccine trial for children with relapsed tumors at Kosair Children's Hospital
Children with relapsed tumors and their parents are finding hope in a Phase I research study led by Kenneth G.

Unprecedented gigapixel multicolor microscope: Powerful new tool to advance drug research
Researchers demonstrate unprecedented multispectral microscope, capable of processing nearly 17 billion pixels, the largest such microscopic image ever created, to advance drug research.

The emerging science of human screams
Our noisy world is no match for a screaming infant.

Iron regulators join war on pathogens
Iron regulatory proteins play an important role in the body's immune system.

Exercising 300 minutes per week better for reducing total fat in postmenopausal women
Postmenopausal women who exercised 300 minutes per week were better at reducing total fat and other adiposity measures, especially obese women, during a one-year clinical trial, a noteworthy finding because body fat has been associated with increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Genetic markers linking risk for type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's identified
A study sheds light on the influences of genetics on why some type 2 diabetics are at high risk for developing Alzheimer's disease.

Burden of dengue, chikungunya in India far worse than understood
New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research finds new evidence that an extremely high number of people in southern India are exposed to two mosquito-borne viruses -- dengue and chikungunya.

Prioritizing ending AIDS in children at IAS 2015
Experts from the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation will give oral presentations and exhibit a variety of educational posters and abstracts related to ending AIDS in children at the 8th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment & Prevention.

Study: Virtual research studies feasible
A new pilot study in Parkinson's disease suggests a new era of clinical research which removes the barrier of distance for both scientists and volunteers.

No bones about it: Cannabis may be used to treat fractures
A new study by a Tel Aviv University researcher explores another promising new medical application for marijuana.

Potential target pathway may pave way therapeutic approaches fragile X syndrome & autism
VIB/KU Leuven scientists discovered that protein APP plays significant role in development of fragile X syndrome at young stages.

Unearthing cornerstones in root microbiomes
A plant's immune system can distinguish between friends and foes among these microbes, and upon detecting pathogens, can produce regulatory chemicals called phytohormones to activate a defensive response.

Health researchers far behind industry using automation, leaves critical research unfunded
The National Institutes of Health has experienced funding cuts even as the number of scientists has grown significantly.

Food scientists to work with small farms and growers on food safety
Amanda Kinchla, extension assistant professor of food science, will lead the advanced training project funded by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture's National Needs Graduate Fellowship Grant Program, which is intended to train 'the next generation of policy makers, researchers and educators in the food and agricultural sciences.'

Surprise -- subtle distractors may divert action more than overt ones
What's more distracting, something overt or something subtle? We all know the right answer when it comes to perception, but in a new study done at Brown University, the less salient of two distractors had the greater power to affect an action.

Innovative P.E. curriculum triples the rate at which students pass a state physical fitness test
A physical education program that brings commercial-grade fitness equipment to under-resourced schools, along with a curriculum based on boosting confidence and making participation more enjoyable, dramatically increases students' performance on California's standardized physical fitness test, a UCLA study has found.

Polar bears experience limited energy savings in summer, new study finds
Some earlier research suggested that polar bears could, at least partially, compensate for longer summer food deprivation by entering a state of lowered activity and reduced metabolic rate similar to winter hibernation -- a so-called 'walking hibernation.' But new research shows that the summer activity and body temperature of bears on shore and on ice were typical of fasting, non-hibernating mammals, with little indication of 'walking hibernation.'

Mosquitoes use smell to see their hosts
On summer evenings, we try our best to avoid mosquito bites by dousing our skin with bug repellents and lighting citronella candles.

Club membership in teens linked to lower mortality in older age
Did you belong to community, sports, or other clubs in your teens?

Humped-back model of plant diversity withstands controversy
Despite controversy in recent years surrounding the humped-back model (HBM) of plant species richness, which says that plant diversity peaks when the environment is moderately hospitable, a new study using data from six continents provides strong evidence supporting the theory.

Sun's activity controls Greenland temperatures
The sun's activity could be affecting a key ocean circulation mechanism that plays an important role in regulating Greenland's climate, according to a new study.

Futuristic brain probe allows for wireless control of neurons
A study showed that scientists can wirelessly determine the path a mouse walks with a press of a button.

RapidScat shows Enrique holding tropical storm status
The National Hurricane Center deemed that the Eastern Pacific Ocean's tropical cyclone Enrique continued to hold onto tropical storm status during the morning of July 16, based on surface wind data from NASA's RapidScat instrument.

Anne Clifford's 'Great Books of Record'
In her 'Great Books of Record,' Anne Clifford places herself within the dynamic history of the ancient Clifford family, providing an unbroken view into medieval and early modern life for nearly six centuries.

Emissions have declined, but sulfur dioxide air pollutant still a concern for asthmatics
Emissions of the air pollutant sulfur dioxide have been dramatically decreased during the past 30 years but for some people even a little inhaled sulfur dioxide may still be too much.

Brain training may help avoid civilian casualties
A Duke study finds that accidental civilian shooting casualties arise from problems with attention -- an

Scientists receive $2.8 million to develop innovative approach to latent HIV infection
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute Florida campus have been awarded a pair of grants totaling nearly $2.8 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to develop a new therapeutic agent to reduce latent levels of HIV that hide from the immune system in infected individuals.

30-year study shows that moderate hormone suppression may be enough in thyroid cancer
A study of long-term thyroid cancer outcomes shows, among other findings, that moderate suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone, which drives the disease, may be as beneficial as more extreme hormone suppression.

Virginia Tech scientist develops model for robots with bacteria-controlled brains
A Virginia Tech scientist used a mathematical model to demonstrate that bacteria can control the behavior of an inanimate device like a robot.

Ángel Borja has been awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Hull
Ángel Borja has been awarded an honorary doctorate in science by the University of Hull (UK).

Sitting time not associated with poorer diets in US adults
Previously identified associations between TV viewing and a less healthful diet may stem from exposure to advertisements of high calorie foods and 'distracted eating' rather than the activity of sitting itself

Leaf hormone blocks bacteria from the roots
A defensive plant hormone located in the leaves helps to sculpt the microbiome, or community of microorganisms, surrounding a plant's roots, researchers say.

Scream if you have to
Screams occupy a privileged acoustic niche to ensure their biological and social efficiency.

Machines on the rise: A special issue on artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) has given rise to machines that can match humans at chess, rival them in the stock market, and aid them in the clinic.

UAlberta scientists part of unprecedented worldwide biodiversity study
Humans depend on high levels of ecosystem biodiversity, but due to climate change and changes in land use, biodiversity loss is now greater than at any time in human history.

Firearm shooting errors could be reduced through cognitive training
Shooting a firearm requires coordinating many actions that depend upon core cognitive abilities, including the critical ability to stop just before pulling the trigger.

Common mental health drug could be used to treat arthritis
Lithium chloride which is used as a mood stabiliser in the treatment of mental health problems, mainly bipolar disorder, could be used to treat arthritis according to a new study.

New finding on the formation of fat tissue in man
Bone marrow contains stem cells that normally give rise to new red and white blood cells.

Scientists solve breast and ovarian cancer genetic mystery
Francis Crick Institute scientists, funded by Cancer Research UK, have solved a decades-old mystery and helped to unravel the genetic cause of some breast and ovarian cancers, according to new research published in the journal Cell.

BUSM researchers funded by Melanoma Research Alliance to bring new therapies to patients
Boston University School of Medicine researchers Neil Joseph Ganem, PhD and Anurag Singh, PhD, each have received the Jackie King Young Investigator Awards from the Melanoma Research Alliance, the largest private funder of melanoma research.

NTU scientists discover potential treatment for Parkinson's disease
Scientists from Singapore's Nanyang Technological University and McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School in the United States have found that existing anti-malaria drugs could be a potential treatment for Parkinson's disease.

Study: Health-care providers hold biases based on sexual orientation
In the first study that looks at a variety of health-care providers and their implicit attitudes towards lesbian women and gay men, researchers found there is widespread implicit bias toward lesbian women and gay men.

Healthcare workers are not removing protective garments correctly
Fewer than one in six (4/30) healthcare workers followed all CDC recommendations for the removal of personal protective equipment after patient care, according to a brief report published in the July issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

US Senator Ben Cardin of Maryland named 2015 ESA Regional Policy Award winner
The Ecological Society of America will present its eighth annual Regional Policy Award to US Senator Ben Cardin (D-Md.) during the Society's Centennial Meeting conference in Baltimore, Md.

Syntactic foam sandwich fills hunger for lightweight yet strong materials
A team of researchers has developed the first composite material that sandwiches a layer of lightweight metal matrix syntactic foam between two carbon fabric layers, offering extreme light weight, flexibility, and the ability to withstand deformation and absorb energy.

Low chance of recovering normal body weight highlights need for obesity prevention
The chance of an obese person attaining normal body weight is 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 124 for women, increasing to 1 in 1,290 for men and 1 in 677 for women with severe obesity, according to a study of UK health records led by King's College London.

Device delivers drugs to brain via remote control
Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects.

Gaia satellite and amateur astronomers spot one in a billion star
The Gaia satellite has discovered a unique binary system where one star is 'eating' the other, but neither star has any hydrogen, the most common element in the Universe.

Bilinguals of 2 spoken languages have more gray matter than monolinguals
A new study suggests people who speak two languages have more gray matter in the executive control region of the brain.

New resource makes gene-editing technology even more user friendly
Researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new user-friendly resource to accompany the powerful gene editing tool called CRISPR/Cas9, which has been widely adopted to make precise, targeted changes in DNA.

Child paralysis outbreak: UVA identifies potential cause
A mysterious outbreak of child paralysis cases previously linked to enterovirus D68 may instead have another cause, doctors at the University of Virginia Children's Hospital are cautioning after determining that a stricken child appeared to be suffering from a different virus.

New in the Hastings Center Report: Disclosing misattributed parentage, treating terrorists, informed consent in the era of personalized medicine, and more in the July-August 2015 issue
Disclosing misattributed parentage, treating terrorists, informed consent in the era of personalized medicine, and more in the July-August 2015 issue.

NASA's RapidScat sees Tropical Storm Halola's concentrated winds
The strongest sustained winds in the northwestern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Halola were located in the northeastern quadrant of the storm according to NASA's RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station.

Breakthrough finding brings cure for flesh-eating skin disease 1 step closer
Scientists from the University of Surrey have made an important breakthrough in the fight against the flesh-eating tropical skin disease Buruli ulcer, by their discovery that the bacteria causes a blood clot in patients' skin, similar to those that cause deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Graphene electrons share the heat
A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in collaboration with Klaas-Jan Tielrooij from ICFO, has discovered that electrical conduction in graphene on the picosecond timescale is governed by the same basic laws that describe the thermal properties of gases.

Lower risk treatment for blood clots 'empowers' patients, improves care
Emergency department researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine found positive results and cost savings from treating patients with potentially fatal blood clots with rivaroxaban verses heparin and warfarin.

NASA sees Typhoon Nangka knocking on Japan's door
Typhoon Nangka was knocking on Japan's door when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead early on July 16.

Cell division speeds up as part of antibody selection, study shows
In response to an infection, the immune system refines its defensive proteins, called antibodies, to better target an invader.

Jurassic saw fastest mammal evolution
Mammals were evolving up to 10 times faster in the middle of the Jurassic than they were at the end of the period, coinciding with an explosion of new adaptations, new research shows.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2015
In this tip sheet: ORNL study demonstrates economic value of variable flow heat pumps, New catalyst provides potential solution to meet emissions challenges, ORNL, UK researchers working to develop cleaner crude oil and New climate data easily accessed at Data.gov

Some like it sweet, others not so much: It's partly in the genes
A new study from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions suggests that a single set of genes accounts for approximately 30 percent of person-to-person variance in sweet taste perception, regardless of whether the sweetener is a natural sugar or a non-caloric sugar substitute.

Clarifying prefrontal neurons' roles in flexible behavior
Results of a new study reported this week by David Moorman of the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Gary Aston-Jones of Rutgers University suggest that adjusting behavior based on previous events involves an unexpected mix of neurons working together in the brain's prefrontal cortex.

Is this restaurant making me fat?
Is your favorite restaurant making you fat? New research findings identify an effective tool for measuring how well a restaurant is at helping diners make healthy choices.

Carbon dioxide pools discovered in Aegean Sea
The location of the second largest volcanic eruption in human history, the waters off Greece's Santorini are the site of newly discovered opalescent pools forming at 250 meters depth.

Grandparents' affection piling on the pounds in Chinese children
New research published Friday, July 17, has revealed that affection from grandparents towards their grandchildren may play a major role in contributing to the childhood obesity pandemic in China.

How can you plan for events that are unlikely, hard to predict and highly disruptive
The Ebola epidemic and resulting international public health emergency is referred to as a 'Black Swan' event in medical circles because of its unpredictable and impactful nature.

International team revealed the mystery of major depressive disorder
The CONVERGE Consortium identifies two robust genetic variants for major depressive disorder.

Trapped light orbits within an intriguing material
Hexagonal boron nitride bends electromagnetic energy in unusual and potentially useful ways.

Magnetic pulses to the brain deliver long-lasting relief for tinnitus patients
In the largest US clinical trial of its kind funded by the Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, researchers at the VA Portland Medical Center and Oregon Health & Science University found that transcranial magnetic stimulation significantly improved tinnitus symptoms for more than half of study participants.

Personalized care for aortic aneurysms, based on gene testing, has arrived
Researchers at the Aortic Institute at Yale have tested the genomes of more than 100 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms, a potentially lethal condition, and provided genetically personalized care.

Are marine ecosystems headed toward a new productivity regime?
Phytoplankton have been projected to produce less organic material as the oceans' temperatures rise -- with carry-on effects for higher levels of the food web.

New findings hint toward reversing hearing loss
Studying mice, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Long-sought phenomenon finally detected
Weyl points, first predicted in 1929, have finally been found.

Polar bear metabolism less resilient to summer ice melt than expected
When polar bears' feeding opportunities are limited during the summer ice melt, the animals can reduce their energy expenditure a little, but not enough to make up for the associated food shortages, a new study shows.

Feathered cousin of 'Jurassic Park' star unearthed in China
A newly identified species of feathered dinosaur is the largest ever discovered to have a well-preserved set of bird-like wings, research suggests.

Eastman Institute for Oral Health awarded $3.5 million
UR Medicine's Eastman Institute for Oral Health has been awarded a $3.5 million grant that, for the first time, will scientifically explore how family functioning, stress, and parenting behaviors may lead to Early Childhood Caries, a significant public health problem that disproportionately affects children living in poverty.

Neuroscientists decipher brain's noisy code
By comparing and analyzing the signals of individual neurons in animals undergoing behavioral tests, neuroscientists at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Geneva and University of Rochester have deciphered the code that the brain uses to make the most of its inherently 'noisy' neuronal circuits.

Whipple earns NHCGNE's Archbold Award
The National Hartford Center of Gerontological Nursing Excellence, located at The Gerontological Society of America, has named Mary O.

New catalyst for selective oxidation of methanol to dimethoxymethane under mild conditions
The selective oxidation of methanol under mild conditions is demonstrated as an alternative synthetic pathway for dimethoxymethane (DMM), where V2O5/TiO2-Al2O3 with binary oxide supports (TiO2-Al2O3) is proposed as the catalyst.

Revolutionizing the revolutionary technology of optogenetics
Optogenetics, a technology that allows scientists to control cells with light, has blown the doors wide open in neuroscience since its debut a decade ago.

Oskar's structure revealed
The 3-D-structure of essential domains of the Oskar protein has been revealed.

New books mark 100 years since Einstein's general theory of relativity
Two new books released today mark the centenary of Einstein's general theory of relativity, a revolutionary explanation of how gravity works that had far-reaching consequences.

Why bad genes don't always lead to bad diseases
The finding advances ability to predict how severe any inherited genetic diseases will be in each affected person, a key insight into human disease.

Burrowers playing leapfrog? A new extraordinary diamond frog from Madagascar
In the remote, poorly explored and unprotected forests of Sorata, northern Madagascar, there are some bizarre and unknown animals lurking around.

Eating habits matter most with overweight children
Some children gain weight faster than others. Eating habits play a much bigger role in child obesity than physical activity does.

Research shows how to reduce the cost of modern investment strategies
New research from the University of East Anglia shows how investors can significantly reduce the cost of implementing portfolio strategies -- in some cases by more than 90 percent.

On the way to breaking the terahertz barrier for graphene nanoelectronics
A team of scientists at the MPI-P discovered a much simpler thermodynamic approach to the electrical conduction in graphene.

Can protein 14-3-3 sigma prevent or kill breast cancer tumors?
Every parent knows the maxim 'feed a cold, starve a fever.' In cancer, however, exactly how to feed or starve a tumor has not been easy to determine.

New pilot helps small businesses tap ORNL expertise
Small companies in the advanced manufacturing, transportation and building sectors have a new opportunity to partner with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

New family of chemical structures can effectively remove CO2 from gas mixtures
A newly discovered family of chemical structures, published in Nature today, could increase the value of biogas and natural gas that contains carbon dioxide.

Making 'miniature brains' from skin cells to better understand autism
A larger head size -- or macrocephaly -- is seen in many children with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Miniature brains made from patient skin cells reveal insights into autism
Understanding diseases like autism and schizophrenia that affect development of the brain has been challenging due to both the complexity of the diseases and the difficulty of studying developmental processes in human tissues.

Innovative sodium reduction ingredient provides meaningful reductions in sodium intake
New research studies demonstrate the potential impact of a sodium reduction technology on dietary sodium intake in both the US general population as well as ethnic population subgroups, which could potentially yield $3.0 to $5.3 billion annual health-care cost savings that are associated with reduced blood pressure and could be achieved with reduced sodium intake.

Increased radiation offers no survival benefit for patients with low-risk prostate cancer
Increased radiation dose is associated with higher survival rates in men with medium- and high-risk prostate cancer, but not men with low-risk prostate cancer, according to a new study from Penn Medicine published this week in JAMA Oncology.

After 85-year search, massless particle with promise for next-generation electronics found
An international team led by Princeton University scientists has discovered Weyl fermions, elusive massless particles theorized 85 years ago that could give rise to faster and more efficient electronics because of their unusual ability to behave as matter and antimatter inside a crystal.

NASA spots Hurricane Dolores over Socorro Island
Hurricane Dolores moved over Socorro Island on July 15 as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.

Stephen Hawking to attend and deliver public lecture at historic conference in Sweden Aug. 24 - 29
Stephen Hawking will join many of the founding members of modern physics in Stockholm in August for a rare -- and historic -- weeklong conference for some of the world's leading physicists to discuss one of the most complex and mind-twisting topics of our time: whether singularities in black holes exist and whether Hawking radiation has bearing on their existence.

Midlife high blood pressure may negatively impact the brain years later
Having high blood pressure in your 50's may impact your ability to keep track or plan ahead in your 80's.

Taxing the dose of calories in sugary drinks could help reduce obesity
A tax on sugary drinks that depends on the number of calories or amount of sugar per liter could help fight obesity, suggests new research published in Social Science & Medicine.

How birds learn foreign languages
Biologists have succeeded in teaching wild birds to understand a new language.

Orchestrating hair cell regeneration: A supporting player's close-up
A new study in Developmental Cell, from Stowers Institute for Medical Research Associate Investigator Tatjana Piotrowski, Ph.D., zeros in on an important component in fish: the support cells that surround centrally located hair cells in each garlic-shaped sensory organ, or neuromast.

Are wine baths useful or a waste of money? (video)
An NBA all-star recently made a splash posting a photo of himself in a bath full of red wine.

Intervention lessens severity of tinnitus
Individuals with chronic tinnitus who received treatment that involved the delivery of electromagnetic pulses had a greater improvement in tinnitus severity compared to a placebo group, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Many mobile health apps neglect needs of blind users
University of Washington researchers who conducted the first academic review of nine mhealth iPhone apps on the market in March 2014 found none met all the criteria that would make them accessible to blind customers.

Neuroscience-based algorithms make for better networks
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have, for the first time, determined the rate at which the developing brain eliminates unneeded connections between neurons during early childhood.

Observing brain network dynamics to diagnose Alzheimer's disease
By analyzing blood flow in the brain, a team of researchers was able to observe the interactions between different regions in the brain in real time.

Defenses up: Hormone helps plants determine friend from foe
According to new research from Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists, the defense hormone salicylic acid helps select which bacteria live both inside and on the surface of a plant's roots, keeping some bacteria out and actively recruiting others.

University of Washington researchers show that the mosquito smells, before it sees, a host
A team of biologists from the University of Washington and the California Institute of Technology has cracked the cues mosquitoes use to find human hosts.

Kessler Foundation's Dr. DeLuca accepts INS Benton Mid-Career Award for cognitive research
On July 1, John DeLuca, Ph.D., senior VP for Research and Training at Kessler Foundation, received the International Neuropsychological Society Benton Mid-Career Award, in Sydney, Australia, for his research in cognitive rehabilitation.

Massive study: Birth order has no meaningful effect on personality or IQ
For those who believe that birth order influences traits like personality and intelligence, a study of 377,000 high school students offers some good news: Yes, the study found, first-borns do have higher IQs and consistently different personality traits than those born later in the family chronology.

WHO says the international community must do more to take action against rabies
A new report from the World Health Organisation urges the global community to accelerate action against rabies and other neglected zoonotic diseases.

Brakes and hairs from a maiden: The Pteridaceae fern family diversity in Togo
A revision of the Pteridaceae fern family from Togo was performed with recent field data and herbaria specimens from Lomé and Paris.

Oceans slowed global temperature rise, scientists report
A new study of ocean temperature measurements shows that in recent years, extra heat from greenhouse gases has been trapped in the subsurface waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans, thus accounting for the slowdown in the global surface temperature increase observed during the past decade, researchers say.

Kessler Foundation and University of Bordeaux collaborate on MS emotional processing study
Kessler Foundation and the University of Bordeaux are launching a collaborative study on emotional processing deficits in people with multiple sclerosis, funded by the ARSEP Foundation of France.
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