Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 17, 2015
Basketmakers' tradition of storing black ash logs in water effective in killing EAB
Working with artisans from the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Potawatomi Indians of Michigan near Gun Lake, Mich., scientists from the USDA Forest Service and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service tested the traditional practice of storing black ash logs submerged in rivers and found that submerging logs for 18 weeks during winter or 14 weeks in spring killed EAB and also retained the wood's quality for basketmaking.

Infectious disease ecology, forest biodiversity, urban ecology featured at upcoming conference
The ecology of cities across the US, spread of infectious diseases such as Ebola, worldwide forests under siege, and how life thrives in Earth's critical zone are among the topics featured at the 2015 meeting of the Ecological Society of America, held Aug.

Coaches can be a strong influence in preventing football injuries, say researchers
Teaching coaches about injury prevention and contact restrictions pays off, say researchers who published their work recently in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.

NASA sees thunderstorms flaring up on Halola's eastern side
NASA infrared satellite imagery taken early on July 17 shows strong thunderstorms on the eastern side of Tropical Storm Halola.

Toddlers who chill in front of TV are at later risk of being victimized by classmates
For young children, the number of hours spent watching TV at the age of 29 months correlates to the likelihood he'll be bullied in sixth grade, says Linda Pagani of the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital.

Physicians testified for tobacco companies against plaintiffs with cancer, Stanford study finds
Despite scientific evidence to the contrary, a small group of otolaryngologists have repeatedly testified, on behalf of the tobacco industry, that heavy smoking did not cause the cancer in cases of dying patients suing for damages, according to a study by a Stanford University School of Medicine researcher.

Siting wind farms more quickly, cheaply
At the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence later this month, MIT researchers will present a new statistical technique that yields better wind-speed predictions than existing techniques do -- even when it uses only three months' worth of data.

New malaria treatment thwarts parasite resistance
As increasing resistance in parasites undermines the effectiveness of current drugs, two new compounds are raising hopes in the ongoing battle against malaria

A fish too deep for science
Scientists from the Smithsonian Institution describe a new goby fish species that lives deeper than its closest relatives and had gone unnoticed up until now.

'PlankZooka' larval sampler may revolutionize deep-ocean research
Scientists have conducted the first high-volume collection of deep-ocean plankton, including animal larvae, using a robotic sampling device mounted on an autonomous underwater vehicle.

A new satellite time transfer method based on two-way common-view comparison
Time synchronization between ground and satellites is a key technology for satellite navigation system.

Study in mice may identify new ways to treat immune thrombocytopenia
A study in mice may identify new ways to treat immune thrombocytopenia.

New study reveals improved way to interpret high-throughput biological data
A recent study by researchers at The Genome Analysis Centre and Jagiellonian University reveals a novel workflow, identifying associations between molecules to provide insights into cellular metabolism and gene expression in complex biological systems.

ISTAR researchers, clients turn to video to treat stuttering
Institute for Stuttering Treatment and Research at the University of Alberta investigates using self-modelling videos to help clients maintain fluency after treatment.

Bringing back the magic in metamaterials
A research team out of Michigan Tech has found a way to solve one of the biggest challenges in making metamaterials.

University of Houston superconductivity researcher receives lifetime achievement award
Herbert C. Freyhardt, research professor at the Texas Center for Superconductivity at the University of Houston, has received the International Cryogenic Materials Conference Lifetime Achievement Award.

The taxing toll of sugar on the nation's health
In a week when the British Medical Association has called for a sugar tax of 20 per cent to be introduced to help combat the nation's obesity epidemic, and advisors to the Government have suggested that UK consumers should cut their sugar intake by half, Dr.

Imaging glucose uptake activity inside single cells
Researchers at Columbia University have reported a new approach to visualize glucose uptake activity in single living cells by light microscopy with minimum disturbance.

Dairy products boost effectiveness of probiotics
The success of probiotics for boosting human health may depend partly upon the food, beverage, or other material carrying the probiotics, according to research published on July 10 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

U of M study explains why hemp and marijuana are different
Genetic differences between hemp and marijuana determine whether Cannabis plants have the potential for psychoactivity, a new study by University of Minnesota scientists shows.

Tropical storm Enrique re-classified as a Tropical Storm
Although it appeared that Tropical Storm Enrique had weakened to a tropical depression, satellite data revealed that there was still some punch left in the system and it was re-classified a tropical storm on July 17.

Researchers discover a possible reason for drug resistance in breast tumors
Amplified levels of HER2 membrane proteins drive unrestricted cell growth in certain types of breast cancer.

Lymphomas tied to metabolic disruption
Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio found direct links between disrupted metabolism and an often fatal type of lymphoma.

Cholesterol metabolism in immune cells linked to HIV progression
Lower levels of cholesterol in certain immune cells -- a result of enhanced cholesterol metabolism within those cells -- may help explain why some HIV-infected people are able to naturally control disease progression, according to research that will be presented in a poster at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2015).

New limb-lengthening technique is less cumbersome for patients, study finds
A highly specialized procedure that lengthens bones can prevent the need for amputations in selected patients who have suffered severe fractures.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation grants fellowship awards to 16 young scientists
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, a nonprofit organization focused on supporting innovative early career researchers, named 16 new Damon Runyon Fellows at its spring Fellowship Award Committee review.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Dolores weakening
Hurricane Dolores weakened to a tropical storm early on July 17 as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and gathered infrared information about the storm.

Cholesterol metabolism in immune cells linked to HIV progression, may lead to new therapy
Enhanced cholesterol metabolism in certain immune cells may help some people infected with HIV naturally control disease progression, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Nanowires give 'solar fuel cell' efficiency a tenfold boost
A solar cell that produces fuel rather than electricity. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology and FOM Foundation today present a very promising prototype of this in the journal Nature Communications.

Marine plankton brighten clouds over Southern Ocean
Summertime plankton blooms in the Southern Ocean play a significant role in generating brighter clouds overhead.

Single-cell technologies advance the value of genomics
Biologists are looking to extract as much information as possible from small amounts of valuable biological material, and to understand biological responses at higher levels of resolution.

New Transgender Health journal launching fall 2015 publisher personally thanks Caitlyn Jenner
Transgender Health, a new peer-reviewed, open-access journal launching in 2015 from Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers, will deliver authoritative research and clinical studies exclusively focused on advancing the understanding of the health and health-care issues and concerns of this unique patient population.

Improving nutrition and well-being in old age
For many different reasons, older people often struggle to eat enough.

Study finds metal foams capable of shielding X-rays, gamma rays, neutron radiation
Research shows lightweight composite metal foams are effective at blocking X-rays, gamma rays and neutron radiation, and are capable of absorbing the energy of high impact collisions.

Ecology from treetop to bedrock: Human influence in Earth's critical zone
In the narrow space between treetops and bedrock is a critical zone holding all of the life-sustaining resources supporting terrestrial life on earth.

Diarrhea in cats
Diarrhea in cats can have several causes, with infections from single-cell intestinal parasites being a common explanation.

Centuries-old shipwreck discovered off North Carolina coast
Researchers have discovered a centuries-old shipwreck off the coast of North Carolina.

Physicists discover long-sought 'pentaquark' particle
CERN's Large Hadron Collider announced Tuesday that researchers discovered a remarkable class of particles known as pentaquarks that could reshape scientists' understanding about the properties of matter.

Malaysia's 'black panthers' finally reveal their leopard's spots
Leopards can change their spots. Research carried out at The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus used specially modified camera traps to reveal the black leopard's spots.

UT Dallas study delves into regulators' decision-making in bank closures
A new study from The University of Texas at Dallas found that commercial bank regulators consider much more than monetary cost when determining whether to close a troubled bank.

RNA springs
group of scientists at SISSA proposes a quick alternative for predicting the internal dynamics of RNA molecules (how the different parts move in relation to each other).

New device offers more detailed look at aquifers
The University of Wyoming's Center for Environmental Hydrology and Geophysics received a two-year, $408,000 National Science Foundation Major Instrument Research Award for a borehole nuclear magnetic resonance instrument.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Nangka moving into Sea of Japan
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Nangka after it made landfall and was moving into the Sea of Japan.
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