Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 24, 2015
A way to predict whether children with DiGeorge syndrome will develop autism or psychosis
New findings by researchers at UCLA and the University of Pittsburgh are the first to suggest a potential way to predict whether children with DiGeorge syndrome will develop one of two mental impairments.

Toxin from salmonid fish has potential to treat cancer
Pathogenic bacteria develop killer machines that work very specifically and highly efficiently.

Attention-control video game curbs combat vets' PTSD symptoms
A computerized attention-control training program significantly reduced combat veterans' preoccupation with - or avoidance of -- threat and attendant PTSD symptoms.

Does concussion impact men and women differently?
New research suggests concussion may not significantly impair symptoms or cognitive skills for one gender over another, however, women may still experience greater symptoms and poorer cognitive performance at preseason testing.

University of York scientists discover why some tumors are resistant to radiotherapy
Scientists at the University of York believe they have identified how some tiny regulatory molecules in cells can make prostate cancers resistant to radiotherapy.

Study identifies risks related to falling in patients with COPD
In a recent year-long study, 40 percent of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experienced falls, with more than 75 percent of these falling multiple times.

Inbreeding not to blame for Colorado's bighorn sheep population decline
The health of Colorado's bighorn sheep population remains as precarious as the steep alpine terrain the animals inhabit, but a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder has found that inbreeding -- a common hypothesis for a recent decline -- likely isn't to blame.

Croatian island fires causing summer havoc
Firefighters in Croatia have been on high alert during this current fire season.

Acetic acid as a proton shuttle in gold chemistry
A recently published study by Ananikov and co-workers gives a vivid example of unusual chemical reactivity found in the reactions with organogold complexes.

'Watch' helps surgeons minimize potential risks of all-inside meniscal repair
JBJS Case Connector has issued a 'Watch' regarding potential risks with anchor-based all-inside meniscal repairs.

Return-to-work outcomes better for SSDI beneficiaries who use vocational rehab services
Researchers published results of a study showing a relationship between enrollment in state vocational rehabilitation agency services and return-to-work outcomes for beneficiaries of Social Security Disability Insurance.

Insights into catalytic converters
How do catalytic converters work? Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology studied the reactions under close-to-reality conditions: With the help of X-rays, they observed the interactions of the nitrogen monoxide pollutant molecule and of the reduction agent ammonia with iron and copper centers, i.e. transition metal ions in Fe-ZSM-5 and Cu-SSZ-13, where the reaction takes place.

Temple-led research analyzes impact of case volume on outcomes for DVT treatment
Patients who have lower extremity proximal deep vein thrombosis, or a blood clot in their leg, are increasingly undergoing minimally invasive catheter-based clot removal -- also referred to as catheter-directed thrombolysis -- rather than solely being treated with traditional blood-thinning medications.

Scientists discover first 'DNA ambulance'
U of T researchers have discovered how severely damaged DNA is transported within a cell and how it is repaired.

Bomb-proof lining contains explosion in luggage hold of aircraft
A bomb-proof lining developed by an international team of scientists, including academics from the University of Sheffield, has successfully contained blasts in a series of controlled explosions in the luggage hold of a Boeing 747 and an Airbus 321.

SeaWorld's killer whales live as long as their wild counterparts
A new peer-reviewed study published in the Journal of Mammalogy by the Oxford University Press adds important insights to the debate over how long killer whales in human care live.

Backyards prove surprising havens for native birds
How does your yard look to a bird? Ecologist Amy Belaire will report on surveys human and avian residents at the Centennial Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in Baltimore, Md., on Aug.

Spines of boys and girls differ at birth
Looking at measurements of the vertebrae -- the series of small bones that make up the spinal column -- in newborn children, investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles found that differences between the sexes are present at birth.

Reynolds Creek Fire, Montana
The Reynolds Creek Fire was reported on Tuesday, July, 21, 2015 near Grizzly Point, approximately six miles east of Logan Pass.

Know it's a placebo? CU-Boulder study shows the 'medicine' could still work
A new CU-Boulder study shoes that under certain conditions, research participants who know a treatment they are receiving to ease pain is a placebo with no medical value, it still works.

National Psoriasis Foundation launches online patient-centered research network
For the first time, people with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis can contribute directly to the future of research into these chronic, systemic autoimmune diseases through the National Psoriasis Foundation's patient-centered research network called Citizen Pscientist.

Wind energy provides 8 percent of Europe's electricity
EU's grid connected cumulative capacity in 2014 reached 129 GW, meeting 8 percent of European electricity demand, equivalent to the combined annual consumption of Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and Ireland.

TOPLESS plants provide clues to human molecular interactions
Van Andel Research Institute scientists have unraveled how an important plant protein, known as TOPLESS, interacts with other molecules responsible for turning genes off.

DNA suggests that the diversity of European butterflies could be seriously underestimated
The first map of the genetic biodiversity of butterflies of the Iberian peninsula appears this week.

Student researchers recognized for posters presented at C. elegans Meeting
The Genetics Society of America and the C. elegans research community are pleased to announce the recipients of the GSA poster awards at the 20th International C. elegans Meeting, which took place at the University of California, Los Angeles, June 24-28, 2015.

Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders not as important as outcomes
Nailing the diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder may not be important in prescribing effective treatment, according to Mark Zimmerman, M.D., a clinical researcher at Rhode Island Hospital.

Patient satisfaction is good indicator of success after spinal surgery
Patient satisfaction ratings after surgery for spinal degenerative disease -- especially in terms of reduced pain and disability -- are a good indicator of the procedure's effectiveness, reports a study in the August issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Stadium lighting affects bat behavior and may threaten biodiversity
A new Animal Conservation study shows that sports stadium lighting can alter patterns of bat species activity and feeding, which may in turn have cascading effects on other organisms and the ecosystem as a whole.

Marine plankton brighten clouds over Southern Ocean
New research using NASA satellite data and ocean biology models suggests tiny organisms in vast stretches of the Southern Ocean play a significant role in generating brighter clouds overhead.

Strathclyde asteroid and space debris project wins UK-wide award
Researchers at the University of Strathclyde have won a prestigious UK-wide award for their work on a space technology project -- securing the university's second success in the awards in five years.

Rice disease-resistance discovery closes the loop for scientific integrity
UC Davis researchers here identify a protein in a crop-attacking bacterial disease, showing how the presence of the protein alerts the plant that a microbial invasion is in progress and allows the plant to launch a defensive immune response.

Object recognition for robots
John Leonard's group in the MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering specializes in SLAM, or simultaneous localization and mapping, the technique whereby mobile autonomous robots map their environments and determine their locations.

Simulated map of missing satellite galaxies could answer dark matter puzzle
Rochester Institute of Technology scientist is hunting for dark matter and hidden dwarf galaxies.

NASA's GPM sees dry air affecting Typhoon Halola
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission core observatory passed over Typhoon Halola and saw that the northern side of the storm lacked rainfall.

Research links premature birth to withdrawn personality
New research indicates that adults born very premature are more likely to be socially withdrawn and display signs of autism.

How to predict ICU bed occupancy and manage it effectively
The critical care doctor Julio Barado-Hualde has developed a mathematical simulation model that enables the occupancy of beds in an Intensive Care Unit to be predicted so that they can be managed more effectively.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Felicia 'swallow' Socorro Island
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean and observed Tropical Depression Felicia almost directly over Socorro Island, as if the storm swallowed the island.

Study is first to quantify global population growth compared to energy use
As global population grew from about 500 million in 1560 to more than 7 billion, energy usage outpaced population growth.

Unlocking the rice immune system
JBEI and UC Davis researchers have identified a bacterial signaling molecule that triggers an immunity response in rice plants, enabling the plants to resist a devastating blight disease.

Prostate cancer not caused by shift work
In a recent original article in Deutsches Ă„rzteblatt International, Gael P.

The Society of Neurointerventional Surgery to live stream annual meeting in San Francisco
The Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS) to live stream the SNIS 12th Annual Meeting, featuring the latest research on endovascular treatment of diseases of the brain, spine, head and neck.

Brain structure reveals ability to regulate emotions
People diagnosed with a personality disorder may find it difficult to function in society due to difficulties in regulating emotions -- but also healthy individuals differ in how often they become irritated, angry or sad.

Parasitic flatworms flout global biodiversity patterns
The odds of being attacked and castrated by a variety of parasitic flatworms increases for marine horn snails the farther they are found from the tropics.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 12W grow into a Tropical Storm
The storm intensified into a tropical storm as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead at 03:00 UTC (July 22 at 11 p.m.
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