Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 31, 2015
Researchers identify new cancer marker and possible therapeutic target for breast cancer
A new way to detect -- and perhaps treat -- one of the deadliest types of breast cancer has been found.

RNA-binding protein influences key mediator of cellular inflammation and stress responses
RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins.

Solid state physics: Quantum matter stuck in unrest
Using ultracold atoms trapped in light crystals, scientists from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich, the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, and the Weizmann Institute observe a novel state of matter that never thermalizes.

Springer Nature expands its humanities portfolio with acquisition of J.B. Metzler
Springer Nature and the Holtzbrinck Publishing Group have agreed that, effective immediately, the Stuttgart-based publishing house J.B.

Butterflies heat up the field of solar research
The humble butterfly could hold the key to unlocking new techniques to make solar energy cheaper and more efficient, pioneering new research has shown.

Exercise during adolescence linked to lowered risk of death later
Women who participated in exercise as adolescents had a reduced risk of death from cancer and all causes in their middle and older ages.

ASHG honors Charles R. Scriver with Victor A. McKusick Leadership Award
The American Society of Human Genetics has named Charles R.

Connecting people and geology on volcanoes
Luke Bowman, who received his Ph.D. from Michigan Tech this summer, gets to the heart of geohazards on the San Vicente Volcano in El Salvador.

Shaping the hilly landscapes of a semi-conductor nanoworld
Nanoscale worlds sometimes resemble macroscale roller-coaster style hills, placed at the tip of a series of hexagons.

Watching a tumor grow in real-time
The ability to visualize and characterize the composition of a tumor in detail during its development can provide valuable insights in order to target appropriate therapeutics.

New Smart Villages offgrid solutions for helping world's bottom billion
A new series of essays by leading experts maintains that the latest offgrid energy solutions can provide sustainable development for the world's bottom billion and meet upcoming Sustainable Development Goals.

Findings in research on photoaging could reverse negative impact of ultraviolet radiation
Photoaging is a process that occurs when human skin is exposed to UV radiation from the sun that causes it to age at a faster rate than it would under normal circumstances.

Protein machines make fluctuating flows unconsciously
An international research group has demonstrated that protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell.

Study offers new insights on hurricane intensity, pollution transport
As tropical storm Isaac was gaining momentum toward the Mississippi River in August 2012, University of Miami researchers were dropping instruments from the sky above to study the ocean conditions beneath the storm.

UT Arlington College of Nursing earns coveted national Center of Excellence designation
UT Arlington's College of Nursing and Health Innovation has been named a Center of Excellence in Nursing Education by the National League for Nursing.

Federal $2.5 million grant to Saint Louis University aims to transform geriatric care
Saint Louis University will lead a multi-institution program that teaches primary care providers and students to care for older adults.

Starvation effects handed down for generations
Starvation early in life can alter an organism for generations to come, according to a new Duke study in nematodes.

Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration
A synthetic membrane that self assembles and is easily produced may lead to better gas separation, water purification, drug delivery and DNA recognition, according to an international team of researchers.

Researchers surprise mouth fungus with sugary 'Trojan horse' that hides medicine
Scientists from the University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine will borrow a famous strategy from Greek warfare -- the Trojan horse -- to fight a fungus that exists in the mouths and skin of nearly half of the world's population.

There may be a complex market living in your gut
Conventional theories used by economists for the past 150 years to explain how societies buy, sell, and trade goods and services may be able to unlock mysteries about the behavior of microbial life on earth, according to a study by researchers from Claremont Graduate University, Boston University, and Columbia University.

Tool helps public health agencies prioritize health risks
Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts.

Crystal clear images uncover secrets of hormone receptors
NIH scientists used atomic level images to show how the neuropeptide hormone neurotensin might activate its receptors.

Birds, bugs and blanket bogs -- scientists warn an entire ecosystem is under threat
Several rare upland bird species are being put at risk together with other ecosystem functions by the effects of climate change on the UK's blanket bogs, ecologists at the University of York have discovered.

Gold-diamond nanodevice for hyperlocalized cancer therapy
Precise targeting biological molecules, such as cancer cells, for treatment is a challenge, due to their sheer size.

Transparent, electrically conductive network of encapsulated silver nanowires
A team headed by Professor Silke Christiansen has developed a transparent electrode with high electrical conductivity for solar cells and other optoelectronic components -- that uses minimal amounts of material.

Agrarian settlements drive severe tropical deforestation across the Amazon
Resettlement projects in the Amazon are driving severe tropical deforestation -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

NASA Goddard technology helps fight forest pests
A joint operation using technology developed at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., will help the US Forest Service understand the impacts of pests on northeastern trees.

Cooking up altered states
OIST researchers discovered a way to tweak design recipes for a special class of materials.

Gout medications might be useful in treating alcohol-induced liver disease
New research in mice shows that two commonly used gout medications, which target uric acid and adenosine triphosphate, may offer protection from alcohol-induced liver disease and inflammation.

Parents inclined to misjudge child happiness based on personal feelings
Parents' estimations of their children's happiness differ significantly from the child's own assessment of their feelings, according to a new study by psychologists at Plymouth University.

How bees naturally vaccinate their babies
When it comes to vaccinating their babies, bees don't have a choice -- they naturally immunize their offspring against specific diseases found in their environments.

Half of the most popular news on Twitter is not covered by traditional news media sources
Half of the news that appears on Twitter as 'trending topics' goes unmentioned in the traditional news media, and when both sources carry it, 60 percent of the stories appear first on the social network.

Brown University to help Ghana build HIV, TB research capacity
With $1.45 million over five years from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health, a pair of Brown University professors will work with colleagues in Ghana to build the research capacity needed to address the deadly co-epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis.

NICU admissions increasing for normal birth weight and term infants, Dartmouth study finds
Neonatal intensive care units were originally created for newborns who are extremely ill and/or underweight, but a Dartmouth study finds that NICU admission rates are increasing for newborns of all weights.

Heating and cooling with light leads to ultrafast DNA diagnostics
UC Berkeley researchers used LEDs and a thin film of gold to turbocharge the heating and cooling cycles of the PCR test so results are ready in minutes, not hours.

Perfectionism linked to burnout at work, school and sports, research finds
New research has revealed that perfectionistic concerns have a positive relationship with overall burnout and symptoms of burnout.
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