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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 13, 2015


New research reveals unintended consequences of using incorrect medical foods in managing patients
According to researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute, many 'medical foods' are designed to help manage patients with rare inborn errors of metabolism, and can help prevent serious and life-threatening complications.
NFWF and SeaWorld Entertainment, Inc. announce new ocean health initiative
The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and SeaWorld Entertainment, Inc., today announced the creation of the Ocean Health Initiative, a new marine conservation program designed to protect and restore coastal and marine habitats across the country.
Georgia Tech finds 11 security flaws in popular internet browsers
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology College of Computing developed a new cyber security analysis method that discovered 11 previously unknown Internet browser security flaws.
Merck and MD Anderson announce immuno-oncology research collaboration in solid tumors
Merck and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center announced a strategic clinical research collaboration to evaluate Merck's anti-PD-1 therapy, KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab), in combination with other treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy and/or novel anti-tumor medicines.
Study finds little improvement in mortality rate for extremely preterm infants since 2000
Accurate data on how those infants fare is important as doctors and parents face difficult decisions.
Police more likely to be killed on duty in states with high gun ownership
Across all 50 states and the District of Columbia, homicides of police officers are linked to the statewide level of gun ownership, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Public Health.
SMU recognized by Raytheon as strategic partner in cyber research
Raytheon Company has named Southern Methodist University (SMU) as a strategic partner in cyber research based on the company's collaborative efforts with the Darwin Deason Institute for Cyber Security in SMU's Bobby B.
From protein design to self-driving cars: UW team wins AI prize for optimization approach
University of Washington machine learning researchers have developed a radically new approach to optimization -- a key step in predicting everything from election results to how proteins will fold.
Setting prices centrally, w/optimization yields higher profits than local pricing: INFORMS
A study on granting local sales people pricing discretion shows that profits improve by up to 11 percent when local sales forces are empowered to negotiate with customers.
A better way to personalize bladder cancer treatments
Researchers at UC Davis, in collaboration with colleagues at Jackson Laboratory, have developed a new way to personalize treatments for aggressive bladder cancer.
Grammar: Eventually the brain opts for the easy route
Languages are constantly evolving -- and grammar is no exception.
Methane, water enshroud nearby Jupiter-like exoplanet
The Gemini Planet Imager, which began scanning nearby stars in December 2014 in search of Jupiter-size exoplanets, has discovered and photographed its first planet, a methane-enshrouded gas giant much like Jupiter that may hold the key to understanding how large planets form.
Surprise: Baby marmosets learning to 'talk' do listen to adults
As nonhuman primates mature, their vocalizations are thought to be minimally or not at all influenced by caregivers -- but a new study reveals that infant marmosets use cues from adults as they develop vocalizations.
Prehistoric carnivore dubbed 'scarface' discovered in Zambia
Scientists at The Field Museum have identified a new species of pre-mammal in what is now Zambia.
Fortified against blindness
In South Africa, sweet potatoes are a traditional crop for rural families.
How do ants identify different members of their society?
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside have found that ants communicate using a number of hydrocarbon chemicals present on their cuticles (their outer shells).
University of Missouri neurobiologists awarded NSF 'Early Concept' grant
Troy Zars, Mirela Milescu, and Lorin Milescu, faculty members of the Division of Biological Sciences and the Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Program at the University of Missouri, have been awarded an Early Concept Grant for Exploratory Research from the National Science Foundation to expand the use of a temperature-activated protein switches in neurons.
Scientists developed a miniature gas sensor for mobile devices
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a miniature gas sensor that can be connected to mobile devices.
Young, Jupiter-like planet discovered
A team of researchers has discovered a Jupiter-like planet within a young system that could provide a new understanding of how planets formed around our sun.
Gemini-discovered world is most like Jupiter
Going beyond the discovery and imaging of a young Jupiter, astronomers using the Gemini Observatory's new Planet Imager have probed a newly discovered world in unprecedented detail.
Exercise-induced hormone irisin is not a 'myth'
Irisin, a hormone linked to the positive benefits of exercise, was recently questioned to exist in humans.
Meat food waste has greater negative environmental impact than vegetable waste
Researchers have found that the type of food wasted has a significant impact on the environment.
Low-fat diet results in more fat loss than low-carb diet in humans
A study from the US National Institutes of Health presents some of the most precise human data yet on whether cutting carbs or fat has the most benefits for losing body fat.
Reading comprehension focus of NSF grant
Understanding how different levels of readers comprehend science texts is the focus of a nearly $1 million grant awarded to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State psychology and education researchers by the National Science Foundation.
New information is easier to learn when composed of familiar elements
People have more difficulty recalling the string of letters BIC, IAJ, FKI, RSU and SAF than FBI, CIA, JFK, IRS and USA.
Study: As days warm, RI emergency visits, deaths could rise
A new study finds that in Rhode Island heat-related emergency department visits and deaths increase notably among people of all ages as temperatures rise above 75 degrees.
Rice, UTHealth win $1.02M grant from NSF to study how brain processes language
The National Science Foundation has funded a Rice University and University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School effort to understand how the brain processes language and help people who lose the ability to communicate.
More details on origin of world's favorite beer-making microbe
The crucial genetic mashup that spawned the yeast that brews the vast majority of beer occurred at least twice -- and both times without human help -- according to a University of Wisconsin-Madison study published Aug.
Diversity provides stability among the animals in the wild
Why some species of plants and animals vary more in number than others is a central issue in ecology.
Researchers track the neural circuits driving a fly's choice of a mate
A new study explains how taste and smell signals travel from a male fruit fly's sense organs into his higher brain as he assesses a potential mate.
Titanium rings proving problematic for emergency care doctors
Rings made of titanium -- an increasingly popular alternative to gold and silver -- are giving emergency doctors a headache because they are so difficult to prize off swollen fingers, reveals a case study published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.
Heat release from stagnant deep sea helped end last Ice Age
The build-up and subsequent release of warm, stagnant water from the deep Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas played a role in ending the last Ice Age within the Arctic region, according to new research led by a UCL scientist.
New technology could reduce wind energy costs
Engineers from the University of Sheffield have developed a novel technique to predict when bearings inside wind turbines will fail which could make wind energy cheaper.
Sex development disorders affect the mind as well as the body
While it may not shock you to learn that children born with disorders of sex development face challenges, Concordia University researchers have confirmed that these go far beyond the physical.
When fruit flies get sick, their offspring become more diverse
New research from North Carolina State University and Reed College shows that when fruit flies are attacked by parasites or bacteria they respond by producing offspring with greater genetic variability.
When a 'UFO' flies by, does it bother bears?
If an unidentified flying object suddenly appeared in the sky, it's likely your heart would beat faster.
Gestational diabetes: A diabetes predictor in fathers
Gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, affects between three and 20 percent of pregnant women.
New study reveals Tetris can block cravings
A new study has revealed that playing Tetris on a smarthphone for as little as three minutes can weaken cravings for drugs, food and activities by as much as one-fifth.
NIH-funded study establishes genomic data set on Lassa virus
An international team of researchers has developed the largest genomic data set in the world on Lassa virus (LASV).
Can science predict gang killings?
Gang slayings move in a systematic pattern over time, spreading from one vulnerable area to the next like a disease, finds a groundbreaking study by Michigan State University criminologists and public health researchers.
Astronomers discover 'young Jupiter' exoplanet
Discovery of a Jupiter-like planet within a young system that could serve as a decoder ring for understanding how planets formed around our Sun.
Satellite sees a fan-shaped Tropical Storm Molave
When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite flew over Tropical Storm Molave in the North Pacific early on Aug.
Regenerating nerve tissue in spinal cord injuries
Researchers at Rush University Medical Center are exploring a new therapy using stem cells to treat spinal cord injuries within the first 14 to 30 days of injury.
Surgeons refine procedure for life-threatening congenital heart defect
For children born with life-threating hypoplastic left heart syndrome, reconstructive surgeries can restore blood circulation.
Software can automatically critique composition of digital photographs
Everyone may be a critic, but now Penn State researchers are paving a way for machines to get in on the act.
New research helps explain why a deadly blood cancer often affects children with malaria
Children in equatorial Africa who suffer from malaria are at high risk of developing Burkitt's lymphoma, a highly aggressive blood cancer.
ACC prepares to launch 2 afib-related registry programs
The American College of Cardiology will launch two new clinical registry programs to track real world outcomes for the treatment and stroke prevention of patients with atrial fibrillation.
Microbial companions of humans and animals are highly specialized
Humans and animals are never alone. Everyone is host to over 2,000 different species of microbes, of which most colonize our bodies only after we are born.
Helping Siri hear through a cocktail party
People trying to talk to Siri may soon no longer have to look like they're about to eat their iPhones, thanks to a new technology demonstration that solves the 'Cocktail Party' conundrum.
Chinese cave 'graffiti' tells a 500-year story of climate change and impact on society
Unique inscriptions found in a cave in China, combined with chemical analysis of cave formations, show how droughts affected the local population over the past five centuries, and underline the importance of implementing strategies to deal with climate change in the coming years.
Depression, stress, anxiety & anger compound CVD risk in RA patients
New research reveals that depressive symptoms, stress, anxiety, and anger and lack of social support in patients with rheumatoid arthritis were linked to atherosclerosis -- a build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries that contributes to cardiovascular disease.
One in 2 dies in hospital
In an Original Article in the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, Burkhard Dasch and his co-authors analyze for the first time the place of death records for Germany.
Marks on 3.4-million-year-old bones not due to trampling, analysis confirms
Marks on two 3.4 million-year-old animal bones found at the site of Dikika, Ethiopia, were not caused by trampling, an extensive statistical analysis confirms.
Critically endangered species successfully reproduced using frozen sperm
Black-footed ferrets, a critically endangered species native to North America, have renewed hope for future survival thanks to successful efforts by a coalition of conservationists, including scientists at Lincoln Park Zoo, to reproduce genetically important offspring using frozen semen from a ferret who has been dead for approximately 20 years.
Mobile technology may help people improve health behaviors
Preliminary data suggest that smart phone apps and wearable sensors are promising for improving cardiovascular health behaviors.
Astronomers discover 'young Jupiter' exoplanet
An international team of scientists that includes Travis Barman and Katie Morzinski from the University of Arizona has discovered a new exoplanet using the latest planet-hunting tool, the Gemini Planet Imager.
International team discovers the ancient origins of deadly Lassa virus
Working as part of an international team in the United States and West Africa, a researcher at The Scripps Research Institute has published new findings showing the ancient roots of the deadly Lassa virus, a relative of Ebola virus, and how Lassa virus has changed over time.
Rogue supernovas likely flung into space by black hole slingshots
Rogue supernovas that explode all alone in deep space present an astronomical mystery.
COPD patients with psychological conditions have higher rate of early hospital readmission
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston found that people with a psychological condition such as depression, anxiety, psychosis, or alcohol/drug abuse are more likely to be readmitted early into a hospital for complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
NASA's Hubble finds supernovae in 'wrong place at wrong time'
Scientists have been fascinated by a series of unusual exploding stars -- outcasts beyond the typical cozy confines of their galaxies.
Astronomers discover 'young Jupiter' exoplanet
Astronomers have discovered a Jupiter-like planet within a young system that could serve as a decoder ring for understanding how planets formed around our sun.
Sequestered prion protein takes the good mood away, suggests new hypothesis on depression
The discovery of antidepressant drugs led to the first biochemical hypothesis of depression, known as the monoamine hypothesis.
Study: What gets said should be what's heard; what gets heard should be what's meant
Two new studies published online in advance of print in BMJ Quality and Safety provide unique insights into end-of-shift handoffs.
Black phosphorus surges ahead of graphene
The research team operating out of Pohang University of Science and Technology, affiliated with the Institute for Basic Science's Center for Artificial Low Dimensional Electronic Systems, reported a tunable band gap in BP, effectively modifying the semiconducting material into a unique state of matter with anisotropic dispersion.
Humans responsible for demise of gigantic ancient mammals
Scientists at the universities of Exeter and Cambridge claim their research settles a prolonged debate over whether mankind or climate change was the dominant cause of the demise of massive creatures in the time of the sabretooth tiger, the woolly mammoth, the woolly rhino and the giant armadillo.
New optical chip lights up the race for quantum computer
The microprocessor inside a computer is a single multipurpose chip that has revolutionized people's life, allowing them to use one machine to surf the web, check emails and keep track of finances.
Apes may be closer to speaking than many scientists think
Koko the gorilla is best known for a lifelong study to teach her a silent form of communication, American Sign Language.
Rice, Penn State open center for 2-D coatings
The National Science Foundation has funded a new center at Rice University and Pennsylvania State University to collaborate with industry on the development of novel, multifunctional two-dimensional coatings.
UK death rate of pre-school kids almost double that of Sweden
The death rate among pre-school children in the UK is almost double that of Sweden, with prematurity, congenital abnormalities, and infections all taking a significant toll, finds research published online in Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Research examines relationship between autism and creativity
New research has found that people with high levels of autistic traits are more likely to produce unusually creative ideas.
NIH-developed Epstein-Barr virus vaccine elicits potent neutralizing antibodies in animals
NIAID researchers and their collaborators have developed an experimental, nanoparticle-based vaccine against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that can induce potent neutralizing antibodies in vaccinated mice and nonhuman primates.
Study suggests Ontario nearing UN targets to help end AIDS epidemic
A new study suggests Ontario is nearing ambitious United Nations targets for ending the AIDS epidemics: By 2020, 90 percent of all people living with HIV should know their HIV status, 90 per cent of all people diagnosed with HIV are receiving sustained antiretroviral drug therapy and 90 percent of people on ART have a very low or undetectable levels of the virus.
New study examines the link between hospital care for self-harm and risk of death
A University of Manchester study which followed up 38,415 people admitted to hospital with self-harm has, for the first time, investigated the association between the treatment patients receive in hospital and their subsequent risk of death.
When it comes to body odor, ants are connoisseurs
For any complex society to function properly, individuals must reliably recognize their friends and family with whom they live and work and readily distinguish those allies from strangers.
Guideline revised for assessment of children with disorders of sexual development
Every hospital should have access to regional multidisciplinary teams that can provide expert advice for children and adolescents with concerns about sex development, and provide them and their parents with psychological support, according to a revised Society for Endocrinology guideline on disorders of sex development published today in Clinical Endocrinology.
How do continents break up?
Classical theory of mantle plume is put in question.
Alert to biologists: Ribosomes can translate the 'untranslated region' of messenger RNA
In what appears to be an unexpected challenge to a long-accepted fact of biology, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have found that ribosomes -- the molecular machines in all cells that build proteins -- can sometimes do so even within the so-called untranslated regions of the ribbons of genetic material known as messenger RNA (mRNA).
Biochemist studies oilseed plants for biofuel, industrial development
A Kansas State University biochemist is studying Camelina sativa -- a nonfood oilseed crop -- to see how it can be used for biofuel or even industrial and food-related applications.
Astronomers discover 'young Jupiter' exoplanet
The first planet detected by the Gemini Planet Imager is 100 light-years away but shares many of the characteristics of an early Jupiter.
Corrected protein structure reveals drug targets for cancer, neurodegenerative diseases
Protein Kinase C is a family of enzymes that controls the activity of other proteins in a cell by attaching chemical tags.
$7 million grant aids efforts to eliminate neglected tropical diseases
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have received a $7 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation aimed at eliminating river blindness and elephantiasis, two neglected tropical diseases that annually sicken millions.
Stanford researchers genetically engineer yeast to produce opioids
It typically takes a year to produce hydrocodone from plants, but Christina Smolke and colleagues have genetically modified yeast to make it in just a few days.
USC kidney researcher Janos Peti-Peterdi wins Young Investigator Award
Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California kidney researcher Janos Peti-Peterdi is the 2015 recipient of the ASN-AHA Young Investigator Award.
Screening for breast/ovarian cancer risk genes other than BRCA1/2 is clinically valuable
A study by researchers at three academic medical centers has shown that screening women with a suspected risk of hereditary breast or ovarian cancer for risk-associated genes other than BRCA1 and 2 provides information that can change clinical recommendations for patients and their family members.
USF research collaboration compares IXTOC oil spill to Deepwater Horizon spill
USF, UNAM, and other universities collaborate in a research project to study the impact of the 1980 IXTOC oil spill and use that data to project what the area impacted by the Deepwater Horizon spill will be like in the next 35 years.
Internal climate variability masks climate-warming trends
Amid climate change debates revolving around limited increases in recent global mean surface temperature rates, Kevin Trenberth argues that natural climate fluxes -- larger than commonly appreciated -- can overwhelm background warming, making plateaued rates, or hiatuses, deceiving in significance.
Sediment dwelling creatures at risk from nanoparticles in common household products
The review, published today in the journal Environmental Chemistry, highlights the risks posed to aquatic organisms when nanoparticles 'transform' on contact with water and as they pass from water to sediment and then into sediment dwelling organisms.
NIH study finds cutting dietary fat reduces body fat more than cutting carbs
In a recent study, restricting dietary fat led to body fat loss at a rate 68 percent higher than cutting the same number of carbohydrate calories when adults with obesity ate strictly controlled diets.
The stomach is the way to a woman's heart, too
In a new study published online in the journal Appetite, researchers found that women's brains respond more to romantic cues on a full stomach than an empty one.
Scientists discover what controls waking up and going to sleep
Northwestern University neuroscientists have discovered how an animal's biological clock wakes it up in the morning and puts it to sleep at night.
NYU receives $2.55M HRSA award clinical/community partnership for older adult care
This initiative creates a paradigm shift from the traditional perception of primary care as a visit to a doctor to one in which primary care is woven throughout a continuum of locations that extends into the community where care plans can be enhanced to attain better health outcomes through non-traditional interventions.
Debate on the challenges of a data-driven world
The 3rd Heidelberg Laureate Forum, from Aug. 23-28, hosts a multi-faceted discussion riveted on Big Data and resolving challenges produced by computational science on Tuesday, Aug.
Progress toward the perfect pea
Dr. Claire Domoney's group has identified and studied peas with mutations in genes coding for the seed protease inhibitors, known as the trypsin/chymotrypsin inhibitors.
Smoking ban linked to drop in stillbirths and newborn deaths
Stillbirths have dropped by almost 8 percent in England since the smoking ban was introduced, research shows.
Lawrence Livermore scientists discover new young planet
For the first time, Lawrence Livermore scientists as part of an international team, have discovered the most Jupiter-like planet ever seen in a young star system, lending clues to understanding how planets formed around our sun.
Mayo Clinic-led study validates tool for pt. reporting side effects in cancer clinical trials
A multicenter study involving Mayo Clinic researchers has found that the National Cancer Institute's Patient Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, was accurate, reliable and responsive, compared to other, established patient-reported and clinical measures.
Advance in photodynamic therapy offers new approach to ovarian cancer
Researchers have made a significant advance in the use of photodynamic therapy to combat ovarian cancer in laboratory animals, using a combination of techniques that achieved complete cancer cell elimination with no regrowth of tumors.
Newly discovered cells regenerate liver tissue without forming tumors
The mechanisms that allow the liver to repair and regenerate itself have long been a matter of debate.
Researchers detail carbon output from rivers and streams
Scientists have demonstrated that while most CO2 emitted from small streams is derived from surrounding soils, in-stream respiration becomes a larger proportion of CO2 emissions as rivers become larger.
Vision expert David Williams receives the Beckman-Argyros Award
David Williams, widely regarded as one of the world's leading experts on human vision, has been named the 2015 recipient of the Beckman-Argyros Award in Vision Research.
Exoplanet discovery from next-gen Gemini Planet Imager
The recently commissioned Gemini Planet Imager has made its first exoplanet discovery: what may be the lowest-mass exoplanet ever directly imaged with a space telescope instrument.
Opioid compounds synthesized from yeast
Following progress in identifying all components in the opioid production pathway, researchers have manipulated yeast to synthesize thebaine, a poppy opiate that is a precursor to many medically relevant opioids.
Multigene panel testing for hereditary breast/ovarian cancer risk assessment
Multigene testing of women negative for BRCA1 and BRCA2 found some of them harbored other harmful genetic mutations, most commonly moderate-risk breast and ovarian cancer genes and Lynch syndrome genes, which increase ovarian cancer risk, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
Fears of potentially blinding complication from Avastin eye injections overblown, says Penn study
Eye injections of the drug Avastin, used to treat retinal diseases, bring no greater risk of endophthalmitis, a potentially blinding eye infection, than injections with the much more expensive drug Lucentis made by the same company, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
Sandia teams with industry to improve human-data interaction
Sandia National Laboratories and EyeTracking Inc. are researching computer information systems to make national security analysts better at getting meaningful information from large data sets coming in quickly in high-stress environments.
Dentists tapped for new role: Drug screenings
A visit to the dentist has the potential to be more than a checkup of our teeth as patients are increasingly screened for medical conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
Transplant recipients more likely to develop aggressive melanoma
Organ transplant recipients are twice as likely to develop melanoma as people who do not undergo a transplant, and three times more likely to die of the dangerous skin cancer, suggests new research led by a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health student.
Large percentage of youth with HIV may lack immunity to measles, mumps, rubella
Between one-third and one-half of individuals in the United States who were infected with HIV around the time of birth may not have sufficient immunity to ward off measles, mumps, and rubella -- even though they may have been vaccinated against these diseases.
Transplant donors and recipients want more information about each others' health
Most donors and recipients support swapping health information before kidney transplantation, but there was low interest in sharing social information.
Statistical advances help unlock mysteries of the human microbiome
Advances in the field of statistics are helping to unlock the mysteries of the human microbiome -- the vast collection of microorganisms living in and on the bodies of humans, said Katherine Pollard, a statistician and biome expert, during a session today at the 2015 Joint Statistical Meetings in Seattle.
The role of B cells in the enhancement of pollen allergy
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München and TU München discovered a new mechanism how non-allergenic pollen mediators can enhance allergic reactions.
IAU signs agreements for 5 new coordinating offices of astronomy for development
The International Astronomical Union's (IAU) Office of Astronomy for Development has established new coordinating offices in Armenia, Colombia, Jordan, Nigeria and Portugal.
Cesarean section on request -- The risks outweigh the benefits
A review article in the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztbl 112: 489-95) by two Munich gynecologists, Ioannis Mylonas and Klaus Friese, considers the risks and benefits of cesarean delivery on maternal request. http://www.aerzteblatt.de/pdf.asp?id=171328
Chickenpox continues to decline in US thanks to vaccination
According to national health care claims data from 1994-2012, CDC researchers Jessica Leung, M.P.H., and Rafael Harpaz, M.D., M.P.H. found that there were 93 percent fewer hospitalizations for chickenpox in 2012 compared to before the vaccine was introduced.
Team finds a better way to engineer therapeutic proteins into antibodies
Some proteins exist so fleetingly in the bloodstream they can't be given effectively as therapies.
APA review confirms link between playing violent video games and aggression
Violent video game play is linked to increased aggression in players but insufficient evidence exists about whether the link extends to criminal violence or delinquency, according to a new American Psychological Association task force report.
Birth factors may predict schizophrenia in genetic subtype of schizophrenia
Low birth weight and preterm birth appear to increase the risk of schizophrenia among individuals with a genetic condition called the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, a new study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health shows.
How beneficial bacteria protect intestinal cells
A helpful subset of the intestinal microbiome, lactobacilli, stimulates the cytoprotective Nrf2 pathway in both flies and mice.
Astronomers discover 'young Jupiter' exoplanet
A team of astronomers that includes University of Georgia professor Inseok Song has discovered a Jupiter-like planet within a young star system that could serve as a decoder ring for understanding how planets formed around the sun.
Heavy smokers and smokers who are obese gain more weight after quitting
For smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked per day and current body mass index are predictive of changes in weight after quitting smoking, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.
Jupiter-like planet discovered outside our solar system
A planet 100 light-years away, resembling a young Jupiter, has been discovered by an international team of more than 80 astronomers.
Studies reveal how anesthesia's brain effects differ in older adults and in children
A series of papers from Massachusetts General Hospital researchers is detailing the different ways common anesthetics affect the brains of older patients and children, findings that could lead to improved monitoring technology and safety of general anesthesia for such patients.
NASA's RapidScat sees diminishing winds in Tropical Storm Hilda
As Tropical Storm Hilda creeps closer to the Big Island of Hawaii, NASA's RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station observed its diminishing winds.
High participation in small church groups has its downside, research shows
Parishioners who participate in small groups within a religious congregation are generally more likely to be civically engaged than their fellow worshipers unless a church has high overall small-group participation, according to research recently released by Clemson and Louisiana State universities.
How the malaria parasite increases the risk of blood cancer
A link between malaria and Burkitt's lymphoma was first described more than 50 years ago, but how a parasitic infection could turn immune cells cancerous has remained a mystery.
Remote sensing, satellite imagery, surveys use to estimate population of Mogadishu
The results of the first population survey of Mogadishu, Somalia, conducted in a quarter century were presented today at a session of the 2015 Joint Statistical Meetings in Seattle.

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