Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 14, 2015
Vitamin D in teens: Don't overdo it, bad things might happen
Dosing obese teens with vitamin D shows no benefits for their heart health or diabetes risk, and could have the unintended consequences of increasing cholesterol and fat-storing triglycerides.

NIH funds first multi-site study of transgender youth in the US with a $5.7 million award
The NIH has awarded $5.7M for a multicenter study to evaluate the long-term outcomes of medical treatment for transgender youth.

More evidence supports that kids' headaches increase at back-to-school time
Findings from Nationwide Children's Hospital physicians demonstrate that headaches increase in fall in children, a trend that may be due to back-to-school changes in stress, routines and sleep.

Look at me! Forest-dwelling anoles 'glow' to attract attention
See and be seen. In the elaborate game of seeking and attracting a mate, male anole lizards have a special trick -- they grab attention by perching on a tree limb, bobbing their heads up and down, and extending a colorful throat fan, called a dewlap.

Study shows how climate change threatens health
Researchers have published a new study focused on the public health implications of climate change on the US Gulf Coast.

Tdap booster vaccine rates triple at family care clinics using automated reminders
Electronic reminders at clinics helped boost rates of Tdap booster that protects against tetanus, diptheria, and whooping cough.

Newfound Jupiter-like exoplanet might hold the key to the rise of solar systems
Astrophysicist Bruce Macintosh, of the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology at Stanford University, led the team that discovered 51 Eridani b, the most Jupiter-like exoplanet ever seen.

European consortium develops new approaches for dealing with Big Data
The new BigStorage project, funded by the European Union, will develop new approaches to deal with Big Data concepts over the next three years, from theoretical basic research to the development of complex infrastructures and software packages.

Satellite movie shows Hawaii Hurricane Hilda's last hoorah
The once hurricane Hilda weakened to a remnant low pressure area early on Friday, Aug.

Rural Medicare beneficiaries receive less follow-up care
Medicare patients in rural areas have lower rates of follow-up care after leaving the hospital -- which may place them at higher risk of emergency department visits and repeat hospitalizations, according to a study in the September issue of Medical Care.

Brown University to lead $4-million solar cell research grant
Solar cells made from perovskites have great potential for high efficiency and low cost, but more research is necessary to scale them up to mass production.

Carnivorous conchs to blame for oyster decline
David Kimbro, a marine and environmental science professor at Northeastern University, has solved the mystery of why reefs in Florida inlets were experiencing large numbers of oyster loss.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees birth of Tropical Depression 17W
Tropical Depression 17W came together in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on Aug.

What's lurking in your lungs? Surprising findings emerge from U-M microbiome research
With every breath you take, microbes have a chance of making it into your lungs.

The protein that keeps cells static is found to play a key role in cell movement
The protein E-Cadherin is a kind of adhesive that keeps cells tightly bound together, thus favouring the organisation of tissues and organs.

Novel diagnostic tool for ethnically diverse non-small-cell lung cancer patients
Early-stage Non-small-cell Lung Cancer is asymptomatic and difficult to detect since no blood test for NSCLC is currently available.

New survey on Americans' foreign policy priorities
Americans favor diplomatic and economic strategies over military involvement in foreign policy, according to a new national survey conducted by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Programming and prejudice
Software may appear to operate without bias because it strictly uses computer code to reach conclusions.

'Fishing expedition' nets nearly tenfold increase in number of sequenced virus genomes
Using a specially designed computational tool as a lure, scientists have netted the genomic sequences of almost 12,500 previously uncharacterized viruses from public databases.

Fishery experts focus on managing ecosystems under stress
Scientists, policymakers, and fishermen will discuss what is being done to apply a more comprehensive, ecosystem-based approach to managing ocean resources during the 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, being held this year Aug.

On Wikipedia, politically controversial science topics vulnerable to information sabotage
'As society turns to Wikipedia for answers, students, educators, and citizens should understand its limitations when researching scientific topics that are politically charged.

Higher intelligence score means better physical performance
New research reveals a distinct association between male intelligence in early adulthood and their subsequent midlife physical performance.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees birth of Tropical Depression 16W
Tropical Depression 16W came together in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead on Aug.

Recipe book for colloids
Researchers from J├╝lich have, together with colleagues from Austria, Italy, Colombia and the USA, developed a model system for so-called soft colloids.

A Singularly Unfeminine Profession: One Woman's Journey in Physics
'I became a feminist by necessity. My passion was physics.' With this quote from Mary K.

Academy of Radiology Research announces recipients of its Distinguished Investigator Award
The Academy of Radiology Research is pleased to announce that 37 researchers have been selected to receive the Academy's 2015 Distinguished Investigator Award.

Unlikely element turns up in enzyme; commercial renewable fuels might ultimately result
Tungsten is exceptionally rare in biological systems. Thus, it came as a huge surprise to Michael Adams, Ph.D., and his collaborators when they discovered it in what appeared to be a novel enzyme in the hot spring-inhabiting bacterium, Caldicellulosiruptor bescii.

Newly discovered cells restore liver damage in mice without cancer risk
The liver is unique among organs in its ability to regenerate after being damaged.

Researchers at RIT seek to solve the problem of looping with Meshed Tree Protocol
The next breakthrough in computing that will make our computer networks more reliable, faster and more secure against cyber attacks is being developed at Rochester Institute of Technology.

Solving energy-related engineering problems with thermodynamics concepts
In his third book, Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications, published by World Scientific, Ismail Tosun (Middle East Technical University) helps students to easily grasp the fundamentals of thermodynamics.

Despite second quarter jump, West coast log and lumber exports down from 2014 totals
Log exports from Washington, Oregon, northern California, and Alaska totaled 329 million board feet in volume in the second quarter of 2015, an increase of more than 21 percent compared to the first quarter of 2015, the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station reported today.

UNTHSC, UT Arlington develop a more patient-friendly solution for sleep apnea
A new system being developed by researchers at UNT Health Science Center and The University of Texas at Arlington could make it easier for the estimated 18 million people with sleep apnea to get a good night's rest.

Drexel engineers 'sandwich' atomic layers to make new materials for energy storage
Using a method they invented for joining disparate elemental layers into a stable material with uniform, predictable properties, Drexel University researchers are testing an array of new combinations that may vastly expand the options available to create faster, smaller, more efficient energy storage, advanced electronics and wear-resistant materials.

Young minds think alike -- and older people are more distractible
'Bang! You're Dead', a 1961 episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, continues to surprise -- but not just with the twist in its tale.

BESC creates microbe that bolsters isobutanol production
Another barrier to commercially viable biofuels from sources other than corn has fallen with the engineering of a microbe that improves isobutanol yields by a factor of 10.

No link found between PTSD and cancer risk
In the largest study to date that examines Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as a risk factor for cancer, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, have shown no evidence of an association.

'Brainy' mice raise hope of better treatments for cognitive disorders
Researchers have created unusually intelligent mice by altering a single gene and as a result the mice were also less likely to feel anxiety or recall fear.

Attosecond physics: Attosecond electron catapult
Physicists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit├Ąt in Munich studied the interaction of light with tiny glass particles.

Ancient British shores teemed with life -- shows study by Bristol undergraduate
The diversity of animal life that inhabited the coastlines of South West England 200 million years ago has been revealed in a study by an undergraduate at the University of Bristol.

African-Americans most likely to stop taking meds in Medicare Part D's coverage gap
Medicare Part D provides help to beneficiaries struggling with the cost of prescriptions drugs, but the plan's coverage gap hits some populations harder than others, particularly African-Americans age 65 and older.

Revealed -- Helicobacter pylori's secret weapon
Is the game up for Helicobactor pylori? Researchers in the School of Pharmacy, at The University of Nottingham and AstraZeneca R&D have identified the molecular mechanism that the bacterium's best-known adhesion protein uses to attach to stomach sugars and evade the body's attempts to 'flush' it away.

Can your brain control how it loses control?
A new study may have unlocked understanding of a mysterious part of the brain -- with implications for neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's.

UK researcher awarded grant to study link between obesity and cancer
The National Cancer Institute recently awarded a $750,000 grant to University of Kentucky researcher Fredrick Onono to study the potential link between obesity and breast cancer.

The potential in your pond
They discovered that Euglena has the genetic information to make many different natural compounds: we simply don't yet know what they are or what they can do.

Women's Medicine Collaborative gets $2.7 million NIH grant to study sleep apnea, placenta
The National Institutes of Health has awarded $2.7 million to the Women's Medicine Collaborative to study the placenta and its function to determine whether changes in the placenta are linked to sleep abnormalities.

Surprising discoveries about 2-D molybdenum disulfide
Working at the Molecular Foundry, Berkeley Lab researchers used their 'Campanile' nano-optical probe to make some surprising discoveries about molybdenum disulfide, a member of the transition metal dichalcogenides semiconductor family whose optoelectronic properties hold great promise for future nanoelectronic and photonic devices.

Common group identity may motivate Americans to help integrate immigrants
Researchers from Norway, Denmark, Harvard University, Canada and Russia examined the flip side of the assimilation issue: What does it take for native residents to accept immigrants rather than just expecting the newcomers to fit in?
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