Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 21, 2015
Fires ravaging Washington, Oregon, and California
Wildfires have been ravaging large parcels of land in the West and there seems to be no end in sight for the weary Westerners.

Griffith University's Australian Rivers Institute to host global water program
Griffith University's Australian Rivers Institute has been announced as the new headquarters for a world-leading sustainability program tackling issues including water scarcity, water quality and the human impact on water systems.

Immune system: Help for killer cells
Scientists at the University of Bonn, together with colleagues from the USA and Japan, have shed light on an important immune mechanism.

Study finds tests used to measure internal bleeding for patients may not be reliable
A recently-published study found that while internal bleeding may be uncommon as a result of taking blood thinners such as Xarelto® (rivaroxaban) and Eliquis® (apixaban), the normal coagulation tests physicians use to check for the side effect of bleeding may not be reliable.

'Magic' sphere for information transfer
Professor at the Lomonosov Moscow State University made the 'magic' sphere for information transfer.

New diagnostic tools for dehydration severity in children
Dehydration from diarrhea, either viral or from cholera, kills 700,000 children a year worldwide, yet clinicians still lack a method that performs significantly better than chance for diagnosing dehydration severity.

Something to chew on -- millions of lives blighted by smokeless tobacco
More than a quarter of a million people die each year from using smokeless tobacco, researchers at the University of York have concluded.

Green light of hope to overcome Striga-triggered food insecurity in Africa
Striga, a parasitic plant known as witchweed has seriously affected millions of hectares of crop fields in Africa that poses a major threat to food security.

Entirely new invariant in commutative (and non-commutative) algebra
World Scientific's newly published book 'A Non-Hausdorff Completion: The Abelian Category of C-complete Left Modules over a Topological Ring,' introduces an entirely new invariant in commutative (and non-commutative) algebra and in homological algebra, and opens up a whole new area for study, with also probable applications to algebraic geometry and algebraic topology -- including p-adic cohomology in algebraic geometry.

Scientists warn of the risk from air pollution over the megacities of West Africa
New research by European and African scientists, including a team from the University of York, warns of the risks posed by the increasing air pollution over the cities of West Africa -- amid fears it could have an impact on human health, meteorology and regional climate.

Two NASA satellites see powerful Typhoon Goni brush the Philippines
NASA's Aqua satellite and Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) core satellite flew over Typhoon Goni as it was affecting the Philippines.

NASA Goddard scientist wins Harold C. Urey Prize
The Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society awarded its 2015 Harold C.

NASA sees wide-eyed Typhoon Atsani ready to curve
NASA's Aqua satellite saw a clear and large eye in Typhoon Atsani when it passed overhead on Aug.

Improving cardiorespiratory fitness reduces risk of arrhythmia recurrence
Obese atrial fibrillation patients have a lower chance of arrhythmia recurrence if they have high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, and risk continues to decline as exercise capacity increases as part of treatment, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Researchers developing next generation of high power lasers
Researchers at the University of Strathclyde are developing groundbreaking plasma based light amplifiers that could replace traditional high power laser amplifiers.

Weak doses of radiation prolong life of female flies, scientists find
Scientists at MIPT have revealed that weak doses of gamma radiation prolong the life of drosophila flies (fruit flies), and that the effect is stronger in females than in males.

Study uses 311 complaints to track when and where neighborhood conflict emerges
In a new study from New York University using 311 complaint data, researchers tracked when and where New Yorkers complain about their neighbors making noise, blocking driveways, or drinking in public.

Greenhouse gases caused glacial retreat during last Ice Age
A recalculation of the dates at which boulders were uncovered by melting glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age has conclusively shown that the glacial retreat was due to rising levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, as opposed to other types of forces.

Persist and shout: Male bluebirds alter songs to be heard over increased acoustic noise
Birds 'shout' to be heard over the noise produced by man-made activity, new research has shown.

ASU's Biodesign Institute and Korea's POSTECH announce new partnership
The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University and Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, South Korea, have announced a partnership that will catalyze discoveries with a major impact on health care and clean energy applications.

NASA sees diminutive Hurricane Danny from space
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station captured an image of Hurricane Danny moving through the Central Atlantic Ocean.

Strathclyde team develops app which makes texting easier
A smartphone app that makes texting and emailing much easier -- particularly for older people and those who have difficulty spelling -- has been created by University of Strathclyde researchers.

Key protein in cilia assembly identified
The group led by ICREA Research Professor Cayetano Gonzalez at IRB Barcelona, in collaboration with the group of Professor Giuliano Callaini from the University of Siena in Italy, has published a new study in Current Biology that contributes to understanding how cilia are assembled.

Graphene oxide's secret properties revealed at atomic level
A Northwestern University research team found that graphene oxide's inherent defects give rise to a surprising mechanical property caused by an unusual mechanochemical reaction.

Chestnut leaves yield extract that disarms deadly staph bacteria
PLOS ONE is publishing the study of a chestnut leaf extract, rich in ursene and oleanene derivatives, that blocks Staphlococcus aureus virulence and pathogenesis without detectable resistance.

Anti-aging tricks from dietary supplement seen in mice
The dietary supplement alpha lipoic acid can stimulate telomerase, the enzyme that lengthens chromosomes' protective caps, with positive effects in a mouse model of atherosclerosis.

Passion for your job? If not, it's attainable
People who have not found their perfect fit in a career can take heart: There is more than one way to attain passion for work.

Kessler Foundation MS researchers link cognition with limited activity and participation
Kessler Foundation researchers found that processing speed is the primary limiting factor associated with activity and participation in everyday life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Undergrad biomedical engineering teams win NIH's DEBUT Challenge
Three unique projects focused on improving global health won the National Institutes of Health's Design by Biomedical Undergraduate Teams Challenge.

Study finds that genetic ancestry partially explains 1 racial sleep difference
A new study clearly establishes a partial genetic basis underlying racial differences in slow-wave sleep, suggesting that it may be possible to develop sleep-related therapies that target specific genetic variants.

High sugar consumption among children relates to poor family functioning, study finds
The quality of general family functioning is a major determinant of healthy dietary habits -- according to new research published in the Journal of Caries Research and led by Queen Mary University of London.

Physician support key to successful weight loss, study shows
A review of survey data from more than 300 obese people who participated in a federally funded weight loss clinical trial found that although the overall weight loss rates were modest, those who rated their primary care doctor's support as particularly helpful lost about twice as many pounds as those who didn't.

Rotman faculty and Ph.D.s receive honors from academic associations
Two faculty members along with two graduates of the Ph.D.

Some single people are happy on their own, research finds
New research with a nationally representative sample has found that single people with high avoidance goals are just as happy being single as other people in relationships.

Study uses 311 complaints to track where and when neighborhood conflict emerges
Each year, 311 -- New York City's main hub for government information and non-emergency services -- receives millions of requests and complaints, including New Yorkers' gripes about their neighbors.

Since Katrina: NASA advances storm models, science
NASA satellites, computer modeling, instruments, aircraft and field missions provide valuable information to help scientists better understand tropical cyclones and Hurricanes like Katrina.

Water pollution in alluvial rivers is studied by an innovative and efficient approach
Water is non-renewable and scarce resource. Human beings cannot live without water.

Inspired by venus flytrap, researchers develop folding 'snap' geometry
Inspired by natural 'snapping' systems like Venus flytrap leaves and hummingbird beaks, a team led by physicist Christian Santangelo at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has developed a way to use curved creases to give thin curved shells a fast, programmable snapping motion.

New drug protects against the deadly effects of nuclear radiation 24 hours after exposure
An interdisciplinary research team led by The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston reports a new breakthrough in countering the deadly effects of radiation exposure.

Peat fires in Sumatra strengthen in El Nino years
Sumatra's burning again and the El Nino event that is occurring this year is partially to blame for the proliferation of the blazes.

Impact of sleep disturbance on recovery in veterans with PTSD and TBI
Poor sleep may impact treatment and recovery in veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

NASA sees new tropical depression form near International Date Line
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over newborn Tropical Depression 4C in the Central Pacific Ocean on Aug.

How DNA 'proofreader' proteins pick and edit their reading material
Researchers have discovered how two important proofreader proteins know where to look for errors during DNA replication and how they work together to signal the body's repair mechanism.

Novel nanostructures for efficient long-range energy transport
An interdisciplinary group of researchers from the Universities of Bayreuth and Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany) report in Nature on nanofibers, which enable for the first time a directed energy transport over several micrometers at room temperature.

NASA sees development of Tropical Storm Kilo
A new tropical storm formed in the Central Pacific Ocean today, Aug.

Intractable pain may find relief in tiny gold rods
Scientists have developed a technique that could lead to therapies for pain relief in people with intractable pain, potentially including cancer-related pain.

As Ice Age ended, greenhouse gas rise was lead factor in melting of Earth's glaciers
A new analysis of boulders left by retreating glaciers around the Earth as the last Ice Age ended has pinpointed rising carbon dioxide levels as the driving factor behind the simultaneous meltdown.

Superlattice design realizes elusive multiferroic properties
With a new design that sandwiches a polar metallic oxide between insulating materials at the nanoscale, the resulting multiferroic superlattice could open the door for improved electronics.

Why collaboration may encourage corporate corruption
While the benefits of cooperation in human society are clear, new research from The University of Nottingham suggests it also has a dark side -- one that encourages corrupt behavior.

Teaching vocab to kids early may lead to better academics, behavior
Two-year-old children with larger oral vocabularies enter US kindergarten classrooms better at reading and mathematics as well as better behaved, according to a team of researchers lead by Paul Morgan, associate professor of education policy studies, Penn State.

How can we improve data sharing of biomedical research across the globe?
With the globalization of biomedical research and growing concerns about possible pandemics of diseases such as HIV, SARS, and Ebola, international data-sharing practices are of growing interest to the biomedical science community.

GVSU professor finds social surveys no longer accurately measure sex and gender in US
New research reveals that most social surveys are not measuring what surveyors think is being measured when it comes to sex and gender.

Basic energy rights for low-income populations proposed in Environmental Justice journal
Low-income populations deserve basic energy rights to protect them from 'energy insecurity' and the environmental and related health risks from living in 'energy sacrifice zones' where energy is produced.
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