Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 28, 2015
Increasingly severe disturbances weaken world's temperate forests
Longer, more severe, and hotter droughts and a myriad of other threats, including diseases and more extensive and severe wildfires, are threatening to transform some of the world's temperate forests, a new study published in Science has found.

Confidence in parenting could help break cycle of abuse
To understand how confidence in parenting may predict parenting behaviors in women who were abused as children, psychologists at the University of Rochester have found that mothers who experienced more types of maltreatment as children are more critical of their ability to parent successfully.

Study: Better signs could help reduce friction between motorists, bicyclists
A survey shows 'Bicycles May Use Full Lane' signs are better at communicating bicyclists' right to use the roadway.

Suomi NPP satellite sees rapidly intensifying Hurricane Jimena
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite flew over Hurricane Jimena in the Eastern Pacific and saw the strongest thunderstorms building up quickly, especially in the northern quadrant of the storm.

UC San Diego cancer researchers receive NCI Outstanding Investigator Award
Four University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers have been selected to receive the newly established National Cancer Institute Outstanding Investigator Award.

Meet Europe's next generation cleantech entrepreneurs
Eighty-two cleantech start-ups shortlisted from a list of more than 700 across Europe are set to compete for funding and the chance to enter the Climate-KIC accelerator.

OU and Mercy Hospital OKC developing new screening models for breast cancer detection
The University of Oklahoma and Mercy Hospital Oklahoma City are developing new short-term breast cancer risk prediction models that aim to help increase cancer detection of breast magnetic resonance imaging screening.

Future climate models greatly affected by fungi and bacteria
Researchers from Lund University, Sweden, and USA have shown that our understanding of how organic material is decomposed by fungi and bacteria is fundamentally wrong.

Researchers use brain scans to predict response to antipsychotic medications
Investigators at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have discovered that brain scans can be used to predict patients' response to antipsychotic drug treatment.

Neurobiology: Light-activated learning
A German-French team has developed a light-sensitive switch that regulates a protein implicated in the neurobiology of synaptic plasticity.

CPR: It's not always a lifesaver, but it plays one on TV
If you think that performing CPR on a person whose heart has stopped is a surefire way to save their life, you may be watching too much TV.

Naylor earns GSA's 2015 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Mary Naylor, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, of the University of Pennsylvania as the 2015 recipient of the Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award.

UGA research links borderline personality traits with lowered empathy
Those with borderline personality disorder, or BPD, a mental illness marked by unstable moods, often experience trouble maintaining interpersonal relationships.

NASA sees comma shaped Tropical Storm Kilo
Tropical Storm Kilo looks like a giant comma from space in imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite.

Physics meets biology to defeat aging
The scientific team of a new biotech company Gero in collaboration with one of the leading academics in the field of aging Professor Robert J.

NASA's GPM sees heavy rain in Hurricane Ignacio
Hurricane Ignacio continued to strengthen as NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite analyzed its rainfall.

Kingson selected for GSA's 2015 Donald P. Kent Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Eric R.

Lack of folic acid enrichment in Europe causes mortality among fetuses
A new international study shows that 5,000 fetuses in Europe annually are affected by spina bifida and other severe defects on the central nervous system.

Carnegie's Stephen Shectman to receive Muhlmann Award
Astronomer and instrumentation expert Stephen Shectman of the Carnegie Observatories has been selected to receive the Maria and Eric Muhlmann Award from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 'for important research results based upon development of groundbreaking instruments and techniques.' He will receive the prize in October.

PCR London Valves 2015, Berlin: A new team, a new venue, exceptional content
Join us from Sept. 20-22, 2015, at the CityCube Berlin, in Berlin, Germany, for PCR London Valves 2015, the world's preeminent course dedicated to the interventional treatment of valvular heart disease.

Moffitt makes important steps toward developing a blood test to catch pancreatic cancer early
According to a new 'proof of principle' study published in Aug.

Philistines introduced sycamore, cumin and opium poppy into Israel during the Iron Age
A new study published in Scientific Reports describes the bio-archaeological remains of the Philistine culture in Israel during the Iron Age (12th century to 7th century BCE).

Markides earns GSA's 2015 Robert W. Kleemeier Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Kyriakos S.

Tumor suppressor genes curb growth in neighboring cells
The study, published yesterday in PLOS Biology, might have implications for understanding the early events of tumorigenesis and the selection of the tumor-initiating cells.

New technique could enable design of hybrid glasses and revolutionize gas storage
A new method of manufacturing glass could lead to the production of 'designer glasses' with applications in advanced photonics, whilst also facilitating industrial scale carbon capture and storage.

New 'Tissue Velcro' could help repair damaged hearts
Engineers at the University of Toronto just made assembling functional heart tissue as easy as fastening your shoes.

KAIST's mathematician reveals the mechanism for sustaining biological rhythms
Jae Kyoung Kim, who is an assistant professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at KAIST, has predicted how these biological circuits generate rhythms and control their robustness, utilizing mathematical modeling based on differential equations and stochastic parameter sampling.

Seeing quantum motion
Even large objects obey quantum physics, meaning they are never quite at rest.

Can you avoid hangovers after heavy drinking?
Are some people immune to hangovers, and can eating or drinking water after heavy drinking prevent a hangover?

New synthetic tumor environments make cancer research more realistic
Tumors are notoriously difficult to study in their natural habitat -- body tissues -- but a new synthetic tissue environment may give cancer researchers the next-best look at tumor growth and behavior.

Researchers use DNA 'clews' to shuttle CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool into cells
Researchers have for the first time created and used a nanoscale vehicle made of DNA to deliver a CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool into cells in both cell culture and an animal model.

NASA, NOAA satellites show Erika affecting Hispaniola
Tropical Storm Erika was centered in the Eastern Caribbean Sea and affecting Puerto Rico and Hispaniola when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead mid-day on Friday, Aug.

Artificial leaf harnesses sunlight for efficient fuel production
A new solar fuel generation system, or artificial leaf, developed by researchers at JCAP safely creates fuel from sunlight and water with record-setting efficiency and stability.

Oysters harbor, transmit human norovirus: Avoid raw ones
Oysters not only transmit human norovirus; they also serve as a major reservoir for these pathogens, according to research published Aug.

The alien within: Fetal cells influence maternal health during pregnancy (and long after)
Dramatic research has shown that during pregnancy, cells of the fetus often migrate through the placenta, taking up residence in many areas of the mother's body, where their influence may benefit or undermine maternal health.

Staying safe in sandy beaches
Beach sand contains all kinds of microorganisms, including those that can harm human health.

Draw out of the predicted interatomic force
Liquid Bi shows a peculiar dispersion of the acoustic mode, which is related to the Peierls distortion in the crystalline state.

Beyond royal jelly: Study identifies plant chemical that determines a honey bee's caste
A closer look at how honey bee colonies determine which larvae will serve as workers and which will become queens reveals that a plant chemical, p-coumaric acid, plays a key role in the bees' developmental fate.

Researchers discover new mechanism in adrenal gland tumors
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum M√ľnchen have elucidated a mechanism that is responsible for the development of adrenal gland tumors.
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