Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 31, 2015
Plastic in 99 percent of seabirds by 2050
Researchers from CSIRO and Imperial College London have assessed how widespread the threat of plastic is for the world's seabirds, including albatrosses, shearwaters and penguins, and found the majority of seabird species have plastic in their gut.

Parents' views on justice affect babies' moral development
Babies' neural responses to morally charged scenarios are influenced by their parents' attitudes toward justice, new research from the University of Chicago shows.

Watching more TV as a young adult predicts obesity
The more hours young adults spend watching television each day, the greater the likelihood that they'll have a higher body mass index and bigger waist circumference, a 15-year analysis by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health revealed.

Endangered animals can be identified by rate of genetic diversity loss
A Purdue University study presents a novel approach for identifying vertebrate populations at risk of extinction by estimating the rate of genetic diversity loss, a measurement that could help researchers and conservationists better identify and rank species that are threatened or endangered.

Sex-specific biomarkers are needed to learn why heart attacks kill more women than men
Disproportionately more women than men die due to cardiovascular disease and heart attacks in the US, and current risk scoring systems -- based on factors measured mainly in male populations -- are poor predictors of mortality risk for women who suffer cardiac arrest.

DNA-guided 3-D printing of human tissue is unveiled
UCSF researchers developed a technique to build tiny models of human tissues, called organoids, more precisely than ever before using a process that turns human cells into a biological equivalent of LEGO bricks.

New research confirms lack of sleep connected to getting sick
In 2009, Carnegie Mellon University's Sheldon Cohen found for the first time that insufficient sleep is associated with a greater likelihood of catching a cold.

Columbia engineers develop new approach to modeling Amazon seasonal cycles
Columbia engineers have developed a new approach, opposite to climate models, to correct inaccuracies using a high-resolution atmospheric model that more precisely resolves clouds and convection and parameterizes the feedback between convection and atmospheric circulation.

Northwestern, partners launch AIDS research center to stop HIV
A new $6.25 million NIH grant will create a Third Coast Coast Center for AIDS Research to help investigators from Northwestern University, the University of Chicago and others across the city of Chicago work together to slow and stop HIV.

NASA sees Hurricane Jimena's large eye
NASA's Aqua satellite and NOAA's GOES-East satellites provided views of Hurricane Jimena that showed it maintained a large eye and powerful thunderstorms around it.

Dialect influences Appalachian students' experiences in college
NC State linguist says language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus and calls dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun of.'

New UC Davis environmental research center links science with advocacy
A cross-disciplinary center focused on identifying connections between environmental toxins and disease has been established at UC Davis Health System with the ultimate goal of developing preventions and policies that protect communities from unhealthy exposures.

Mayo researchers examine risk factors/patient outcomes associated with colorectal cancer
About 20 percent of colorectal cancer patients have cancers that have spread beyond the colon at the time of their diagnosis.

Brush-off: Researchers devise a hairbrush that's easy to clean
Scott Shim, associate professor of design at Ohio State, is working to make everyday objects easier to maintain so they last longer and don't end up in a landfill.

World's most powerful digital camera sees construction green light
The Department of Energy has approved the start of construction for a 3.2-gigapixel digital camera -- the world's largest -- at the heart of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).

Grey Swans: Rare but predictable storms could pose big hazards
Researchers at Princeton and MIT have used computer models to show that severe tropical cyclones could hit a number of coastal cities worldwide that are widely seen as unthreatened by such powerful storms.

Study reveals human body has gone through four stages of evolution
Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body's size and shape has gone through four main stages, according to a paper published this week.

'But doctor, I'm not ill' -- insight in psychotic patients
How do you convince someone with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders that they are ill if they don't want to believe it?

Closer to a treatment for the 'asthma of the esophagus'
Scientists from Brazilian institutions and the Yale University School of Medicine have elucidated the chemical process behind a mysterious gastrointestinal disease that is becoming more frequent every day: the eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), also known as the 'asthma of the esophagus'.

Millipede research 2.0
Thousands of new species are identified every year, and new and efficient methods are needed to document this diversity and to make information about new species available to other scientists and to the interested public.

Use of ozone-tolerant cultivars can enhance India's food security
India's bread basket, the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP), have been classified as a 'hot spot' for air pollution.

Nothing but water: Hydrogen fuel cell unit to provide renewable power to Honolulu port
A new chapter in clean energy is starting in Hawaii.

NASA finds 'hot towers' in Fred, now a hurricane
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM mission core satellite passed over Fred when it was developing in the Eastern Atlantic early Aug.

Experts gather to consider opportunities from initiatives to digitize biodiversity collections, data
Thirty scientists, communication and outreach experts, and natural science collection administrators from across the country are gathering in Chicago this week for a two-day meeting to explore how the biodiversity collections community can better collaborate to share biodiversity information with the public and key decision-makers.

'Eat me' signal whets appetites for tumor-devouring dendritic cells
The therapeutic effect of CD47 blockade as a cancer treatment relies more on dendritic cells than macrophages.

Lyme disease testing: Canadians may receive false-positives from some US labs
Lyme disease is becoming increasingly common in Canada, and Canadians with Lyme disease symptoms may seek diagnoses from laboratories in the United States, although many of the results will be false-positives, according to a commentary in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Sea temperature changes linked to mystery North Pacific ecosystem shifts
Longer, less frequent climate fluctuations may be contributing to abrupt and unexplained ecosystem shifts in the North Pacific, according to a study by the University of Exeter.

Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease
Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results from the Emory Cardiovascular Biobank presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Salim Hayek, a cardiologist at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia, US.1 The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical pathway.

Infection with multiple HIV-1 variants leads to poorer clinical outcomes
HIV-1 infection with multiple founder variants points to poorer clinical outcomes than infection with a single variant, according to a paper published today in Nature Medicine.

Men who buy sex have much in common with sexually coercive men
Men who buy sex have less empathy for women in prostitution than men who don't buy sex and are more likely to report having committed rape and other acts of sexual aggression, according to a new study published this week in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Gaming computers offer huge, untapped energy savings potential
In the world of computer gaming, bragging rights are accorded to those who can boast of blazing-fast graphics cards, the most powerful processors, the highest-resolution monitors, and the coolest decorative lighting.

NASA sees Hurricane Kilo headed for International Date Line
NASA's Aqua and NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw Hurricane Kilo moving west in the Central Pacific Ocean as it neared the International Date Line.

Loyola University Chicago faculty earn prestigious NIH grant
A $3.7 million grant will be awarded over five years to a Stritch team, led by co-principal investigators Elizabeth Mueller, MD, MSME and Linda Brubaker, MD, MS, FACS, FACOG, who are renowned reconstructive pelvic surgeons who see patients at Loyola University Health System's Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery Center in Maywood.

New material science research may advance tech tools
Hard, complex materials with many components are used to fabricate some of today's most advanced technology tools.

Scientists describe new clam species from depths off Canada's Atlantic coast
A new species of giant file clam from Atlantic Canadian waters has been described by Canadian scientists.

Study: Some with low-risk prostate cancer not likely to succumb to the disease
Men with relatively unaggressive prostate tumors and whose disease is carefully monitored by urologists are unlikely to develop metastatic prostate cancer or die of their cancers, according to results of a study by researchers at the Brady Urological Institute at Johns Hopkins, who analyzed survival statistics up to 15 years.

Gene therapy fully restores vision in mouse model of Leber congenital amaurosis
Mice lacking the protein retGC1, which is deficient in humans suffering Leber congenital amaurosis-1 (LCA1), a disorder that causes severe visual impairment beginning in infancy, received gene therapy to replace retGC1 and showed fully restored visual function that persisted for at least six months.

SLU researcher opens next chapter on blood-clotting mysteries
In order to develop better life-saving drugs, SLU scientists observe how the blood-clotting protein prothombin's structure changes when it is activated.

Alzheimer's disease -- Overlooked for 30 years: A new kid on the block
A team led by Christian Haass has identified a novel peptide that plays a role in Alzheimer's disease: The previously overlooked eta-amyloid interferes with neuronal function and may antogonize beta-amyloid -- a finding that has implications for ongoing clinical trials.

Temple Lung Center study shows benefits for COPD patients using digital health application
The Pennsylvania Study of COPD Exacerbations, led by Gerard J.

Epigenomic changes are key to innate immunological memory
A research team led by Keisuke Yoshida and Shunsuke Ishii of the RIKEN Molecular Genetics Laboratory has revealed that epigenomic changes induced by pathogen infections, mediated by a transcription factor called ATF7, are the underlying mechanism of the memory of innate immunity.

Using DNA origami to build nanodevices of the future
Scientists have developed a method, using a double layer of lipids, which facilitates the assembly of DNA origami units, bringing us one-step closer to DNA nanomachines.

Using nanotechnology to fight cancer
Northwestern University, a leader in cancer nanotechnology research, has received a five-year, $11.7 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to use nanotechnology to develop next-generation cancer treatments.

Deciphering the olfactory receptor code
In animals, numerous behaviors are governed by the olfactory perception of their surrounding world.

Exclusive breastfeeding and the effect on postpartum multiple sclerosis relapses
Women with multiple sclerosis who intended to breastfeed their infants exclusively for two months had a lower risk of relapse during the first six months after giving birth compared with women who did not breastfeed exclusively, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Scientists reveal New Zealand's prehistoric wildlife sanctuaries
Prehistoric 'sanctuary' regions where New Zealand seabirds survived early human hunting have been documented by New Zealand and US scientists.

Single mothers much more likely to live in poverty than single fathers, study finds
Single mothers earn significantly less than single fathers, and they are penalized for each additional child they have even though the income of single fathers remains the same or increases with each added child in their family.

Short sleepers are 4 times more likely to catch a cold
A new study led by a UCSF sleep researcher supports what parents have been saying for centuries: to avoid getting sick, be sure to get enough sleep.

WSU Tri-Cities professor receives grant to study high-energy biofuels
Hanwu Lei, Washington State University Tri-Cities associate professor in biological systems engineering, was awarded a $494,000 grant this fall to research catalysts, which will be used to increase the energy output and performance of biofuels.

Smart radio prototype developed in Finland
The radio of the future will know the listener's preferences.

Older people getting smarter, but not fitter
Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past -- a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and increased use of technology in our daily lives, say IIASA population researchers.

Preventive medicine experts speak out about reducing firearm violence
In a special issue of Preventive Medicine, preventive medicine and health policy experts address a wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals obtain guns in a large US city, to how the public perceives gun violence and gun policies.

Medication treatment for opioid use disorders in primary care increases patient access
Clinicians at Boston Medical Center showed that expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming waivered to prescribe buprenorphine and more patients accessing treatment at sites across Massachusetts.

Quantifying the impact of volcanic eruptions on climate
Large volcanic eruptions inject considerable amounts of sulphur in the stratosphere which, once converted into aerosols, block sun rays and tend to cool the surface of the Earth down for several years.

Spinal manipulation works for back pain -- in some people
A University of Alberta team finds a controversial treatment works for some but has no effect in others.

Knee and hip replacements may be bad for the heart
Contrary to recent reports, Boston-based researchers found that osteoarthritis patients who had total knee or hip joint replacement surgery, known as arthroplasty, were at increased risk of heart attack (myocardial infarction) in the early post-operative period.

NCI awards SPORE grant to multiple myeloma research team from Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
A team of Mayo Clinic Cancer Center scientists has been awarded a Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant in multiple myeloma from the National Cancer Institute.

Television viewing linked to higher injury risk in hostile people
People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of television on violence and risk-taking behaviors, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis discovered.

Mouth guard monitors health markers, transmits information wirelessly to smart phone
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have developed a mouth guard that can monitor health markers, such as lactate, cortisol and uric acid, in saliva and transmit the information wirelessly to a smart phone, laptop or tablet.

New type of prion may cause, transmit neurodegeneration
Multiple System Atrophy, a neurodegenerative disorder with similarities to Parkinson's disease, is caused by a newly discovered type of prion, according to two new research papers led by scientists at UCSF.

Examining service delivery, patient outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program
Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and other support services than those facilities not funded by the program, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Team harnesses intense X-ray beam, observes unusual phenomenon for the first time
Physicists led by Fuchs used an X-ray free-electron laser -- one of two in the world -- to induce two X-ray photons to simultaneously collide with an atom, converting them into a single, higher-energy photon.

Organized self-management support eases chronic depression
In a randomized trial, people with chronic or recurrent depression benefited from self-management support that included regular outreach care management and a self-care group with a combined behavioral and recovery-oriented approach.

Using ultrathin sheets to discover new class of wrapped shapes
Experimental and theoretical physicists and a polymer scientist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have teamed up to use much thinner sheets than before to achieve seeking to encapsulate droplets of one fluid within another.

UCI study finds dramatic increase in concurrent droughts, heat waves
Droughts and heat waves are happening simultaneously with much greater frequency than in the past, according to research by climate experts at the University of California, Irvine.

Meet Pentecopterus, a new predator from the prehistoric seas
You don't name a sea creature after an ancient Greek warship unless it's built like a predator.

Penn medicine hospitals recognized among 'leaders in LGBT healthcare equality'
The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Hospital, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, and Chester County Hospital were announced among the 2015 class of the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) Foundation's 'Leader in LGBT Healthcare Equality' list, and the first to be announced in the organization's rolling admissions in 2015.

AnalySwift launches Purdue software to speed modeling of composite materials, structures
AnalySwift LLC, a commercial software provider, has licensed SwiftComp, which was developed by Wenbin Yu, associate professor in Purdue's School of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Magnetic stimulation effective in helping Parkinson's patients walk
About 50 percent of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience freezing of gait (FOG), an inability to move forward while walking.

$3.9 million supports search for moral superstars
While much national media attention focuses on the moral failures of people in the public spotlight, a team of researchers at Wake Forest University has been awarded $3.9 million to search for moral superstars.

A technique designed to predict how much energy waves will be bringing
Intermittency is one of the problems affecting renewable energies, including marine energy: sometimes there's a lot; other times it's in short supply.

'Happy Meals' bill could improve healthfulness of fast food meals for kids in NYC
A bill to improve the nutritional value of fast food restaurant meals marketed to children -- like McDonald's Happy Meals -- could have a wide enough impact to reduce calories, fat, and sodium, according to a new study led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.

NASA sees a weakening Hurricane Ignacio moving parallel to Hawaiian Islands
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Ignacio and viewed the storm in infrared light, providing valuable temperature data.

Scientists 'squeeze' light one particle at a time
A team of scientists have measured a bizarre effect in quantum physics, in which individual particles of light are said to have been 'squeezed' -- an achievement which at least one textbook had written off as hopeless.

We've all got a blind spot, but it can be shrunk
The human eye includes an unavoidable blind spot. That's because the optic nerve that sends visual signals to the brain must pass through the retina, which creates a hole in that light-sensitive layer of tissue.

Possible new weapon against PTSD
Researchers found that animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals.

What is a 'complete breakfast'? (video)
It's the most important meal of the day. Or is it?

An engineered surface unsticks sticky water droplets
The leaves of the lotus flower and other natural surfaces that repel water and dirt, have been the model for many types of engineered liquid-repelling surfaces.

Tail as old as time -- researchers trace ankylosaur's tail evolution
How did the ankylosaur get its tail club? According to research that traces the evolution of the ankylosaur's distinctive tail, the handle arrived first on the scene, and the knot at the end of the tail followed.

CNIO scientists propose attacking bioenergetic metabolism to improve anti-cancer therapies
A new study by the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre has now proven that blocking glycolysis -- the molecular mechanism that makes it possible to extract energy from glucose -- is especially damaging to the division of cancer cells and that specifically acting on this energy-based peculiarity could be effective in treating cancer in combination with chemotherapeutic agents such as taxol.

MACC1 gene is an independent prognostic biomarker for survival in Klatskin tumor patients
Bile duct cancer is rare and is usually detected too late.

Nocturnal, compass-guided insects have a sense for turbulence too
When nocturnal insects make their high-flying journeys through the darkness of night, they may have more than an internal compass to guide them on their way.

Giant 'sea scorpion' fossil discovered
The fossil of a previously unknown species of 'sea scorpion,' measuring over 1.5 meters long, has been discovered in Iowa, USA, and described in the open-access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.

Religion, physicians and surrogate decision-makers in the intensive care unit
Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's religious or spiritual ideas, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Circuit in the eye relies on built-in delay to see small moving objects
When we move our head, the whole visual world moves across our eyes.

University of Toronto biologists identify mechanisms of embryonic wound repair
Researchers at the University of Toronto and the Hospital for Sick Children have found that the process of endocytosis -- how cells 'eat' by absorbing molecules -- drives rapid embryonic healing.

Inducing metabolic catastrophe in cancer cells
Researchers at Harvard Medical School describe a way to force cancer cells to destroy a key metabolic enzyme they need to survive.

Research in mice shows potential value of antidepressant in some stroke victims
Working with mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins have added to evidence that a commonly prescribed antidepressant called fluoxetine helps stroke victims improve movement and coordination, and possibly why.

Heart rate, heart rate variability in older adults linked to poorer function
A higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability in older adults at high risk of heart disease are associated with poorer ability to function in daily life as well as future decline, according to a new research in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Two programs launching to reduce hospital readmissions, ease ER overcrowding
The UCLA Center for Prehospital Care and collaborators from the Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services agency and the Glendale and Santa Monica fire departments are launching two pilot programs designed to reduce hospital readmissions, address overcrowding in emergency rooms, lower healthcare costs.

Seabird SOS
A new study inspired by a working group at NCEAS estimates that almost all seabirds have eaten plastic.

Gene associated with sudden cardiac death identified by ICD monitoring
A gene associated with sudden cardiac death in the general population has been identified using implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) monitoring in research presented for the first time at ESC Congress today.

Close friendships in adolescence predict health in adulthood
Teens are often warned to beware the undue influence of peer pressure, but new research suggests that following the pack in adolescence may have some unexpected benefits for physical health in early adulthood.

$13 million grant to continue funding for new social science research methods
The Methodology Center at Penn State has received a $13 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to support both ongoing and new research for the next five years that could lead to health apps for smartphones and more accurate genetic research.

As wind-turbine farms expand, research shows they could offer diminishing returns
Researchers from the University of Kansas found that a slowdown effect triggered by wind turbines is substantial for large wind farms and results in proportionally less renewable energy generated for each turbine versus the energy that would be generated from an isolated wind turbine.

Northwestern researchers find predictor of child vocabulary
At 12 months old, your infant's ability to group objects according to the names associated with them -- as opposed to their appearance alone -- offers a glimpse into how his or her vocabulary will develop by the time they are 18 months, Northwestern University researchers found.

New TECOS analysis adds heart failure data for sitagliptin
Patients with type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease can safely take the antihyperglycemic drug sitagliptin without an increased risk of cardiovascular complications -- even if they have a history of heart failure -- a new analysis of the TECOS (Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin) study shows.

$200K awarded to develop in vitro lung test for toxicity of inhaled nanomaterials
The PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. announced today the winners of a $200,000 award for the design of an in vitro test to predict the development of lung fibrosis in humans following exposure to nanomaterials, such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

How neurons get their branching shapes
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered a factor helps give different neurons their distinct shapes.

Top university teacher influencing how high school physics will be taught
Meera Chandrasekhar, a professor of physics at the University of Missouri, received a $5 million multi-year grant from the NSF to address science instruction challenges.

Young women with diabetes have 6-fold risk of heart attack
Women aged 45 years and under with diabetes have a six-fold risk of heart attack, according to research presented at ESC Congress today.

Cardiologists fail to identify basic and advanced murmurs
Cardiologists failed to identify more than half of basic and about 35 percent of advanced pre-recorded murmurs, but skills improved after a 90 minute training session, according to research presented today at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2015.

Inner-city neighborhood may affect risk of developing of heart disease, research finds
The inner-city neighborhood in which someone lives may affect his or her risk of developing or dying from cardiovascular disease, a new research paper suggests.

Marines put ONR's augmented reality system to the test with live-fire testing
Marines enrolled in the Infantry Officer Course were able to use Office of Naval Research developed augmented reality technology for the first time as part of live-fire training exercises, ONR officials announced Aug.

Women in poor areas twice as likely to develop clinical anxiety as men
Women living in poor areas in the UK are almost twice as likely to develop clinical anxiety as women in richer areas.

UNH research: Species lines blur between 2 sparrows in New England's tidal marshes
Among birds, the line between species is often blurry. Some closely related species interbreed where their ranges overlap, producing hybrid offspring.

Come here and be quiet!
Researchers at the Babraham Institute have discovered a strong physical gene interaction network that is responsible for holding genes in a silencing grip during early development.

Respiratory infection associated with increased death after acute myocardial infarction
Respiratory infection is associated with a four-fold increased risk of in-hospital cardiovascular mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr.

Lizards can stomach island living
Life on an island isn't always easy. To make the most of the little there is to eat on many Greek islands, the digestive system of Balkan green lizards has evolved considerably compared to family members on the mainland.

Clinic notes should be re-engineered to meet needs of physicians
Now, in a new study, University of Missouri researchers say it is time to redesign EHR documentation tools to better meet the needs of physicians in order to deliver the best care to patients.

Evidence of ancient life discovered in mantle rocks deep below the seafloor
Ancient rocks harbored microbial life deep below the seafloor, reports scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Virginia Tech, and University of Bremen.

ELIXA trial shows CV safety of lixisenatide
In patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome, the glucose-lowering medication lixisenatide did not increase or decrease the rate of cardiovascular (CV) events compared to placebo, according to results of the Evaluation of Lixisenatide in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ELIXA) trial.

Retrieval of larger thrombi associated with improved neurological recovery after stroke
Retrieval of larger thrombi during intra arterial treatment (IAT) is associated with improved neurological recovery after acute ischaemic stroke, according to a sub study of the MR CLEAN trial presented at ESC Congress today by Dr.

Scientists engineer designer proteins that control enzyme activity
Scientists have developed a novel approach to control the activity of enzymes through the use of synthetic, antibody-like proteins known as monobodies.

In September's Physics World: The secret life of scientific ideas...
Many of the most memorable stories in the history of science revolve around the conscious realization of an idea -- the 'Eureka!' moment.

Volcanic eruptions: Properties of magma influence forecasts
Volcanic eruptions are difficult to predict. But geophysicists at LMU now report that forecasting models could be improved by taking the properties of the magma explicitly into account.

Tiny drops of early universe 'perfect' fluid
New data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider confirm that small nuclei can create tiny droplets of a perfect liquid primordial soup when they collide with larger nuclei.

Raising pay can reduce smoking rates
In addition to restricting when and where tobacco is used at work, UC Davis Health System research shows that employers can do something else to reduce smoking: raise wages.

Gene leads to nearsightedness when kids read
Vision researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered a gene that causes myopia, but only in people who spend a lot of time in childhood reading or doing other 'nearwork.'

The 5-colour nutritional labelling system is the most effective for consumers
While the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP) made public a positive opinion regarding the relevance of the 5-colour code for the public, a team of researchers directed by Serge Hercberg demonstrated that the 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to