Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 01, 2015
Large parks key to city success
Cities should feature compact development alongside large, contiguous green spaces to maximize benefits of urban ecosystems to humans, research led by the University of Exeter has concluded.

Climate change will irreversibly force key ocean bacteria into overdrive
The levels of ocean acidification predicted for the year 2100 have been shown to cause an irreversible evolutionary change to a bacteria foundational to the ocean's food web.

New treatment strategy identified for tumors associated with diabetes
If you have diabetes and cancer, here's some hope. In a new research report appearing in the Sept.

Study in mice suggests how anesthesia may fight lung infections
In experiments in mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins and elsewhere have added to evidence that certain so-called 'volatile' anesthetics -- commonly used during surgeries -- may also possess powerful effects on the immune system that can combat viral and bacterial infections in the lung, including influenza and pneumonia.

Hot electrons point the way to perfect light absorption
Light-absorbing films can be found in many everyday applications such as solar cells or sensors.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2015
This tip sheet includes ORNL lamp simulates sun in tests for NASA; ORNL model examines diabetes progression; Hybrid lubricant holds great promise for engine efficiency; ORNL, partners score success with wireless charging demo; New software helps in design of quantum computers, batteries

Penn and German researchers help identify neural basis of multitasking
By studying networks of activity in the brain's frontal cortex, researchers have shown that the degree to which these networks reconfigure themselves while switching from task to task predicts people's cognitive flexibility.

Increase seen in bicycle-related injuries, hospital admissions
Between 1998 and 2013, there was a large increase in bicycle-related injuries and hospital admissions of adults in the United States, with the increase in injuries driven by more injuries among adults older than 45 years of age, according to a study in the Sept.

New NGA global map advances R&D in geophysics and nonproliferation
A team of researchers led by scientists at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency published a new map Sept.

SNMMI 2015-2017 Wagner-Torizuka Fellowship recipients announced
The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2015-2017 SNMMI Wagner-Torizuka Fellowship.

Study will investigate storm impacts on fresh water
Stroud Water Research Center and the University of Delaware received a $475,000 grant from the US Department of Agriculture to study how the enormous amount of particulate organic nitrogen transported downstream during intense storms contributes to the overall nitrogen load, and what then happens to all the particulate materials.

Why do certain hormonal contraceptives increase the risk of HIV?
In recent years, evidence has been building that injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera or DMPA) is associated with an increased risk of HIV infection.

Studying the outliers
Medical research has yet to discover an Alzheimer's treatment that effectively slows the disease's progression, but neuroscientists at UC Santa Barbara may have uncovered a mechanism by which onset can be delayed by as much as 10 years.

Psychological consequences remain profound in coastal areas of Tohoku
A second round of aggregate findings from a study by Tohoku University's Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the tsunami that followed.

Orangutan females prefer cheek-padded males
Unlike most mammals, mature male orangutans exhibit different facial characteristics: some develop large 'cheek pads' on their faces; other males do not.

NASA spots Kilo, now a typhoon in the Northwestern Pacific
Hurricane Kilo may have formed in the Central Pacific Ocean, but on Sept.

NIH grants seek best ways to combine genomic information and EHRs
The NIH has awarded grants to support research to incorporate DNA sequence information into electronic medical records.

Male seahorse and human pregnancies remarkably alike
Their pregnancies are carried by the males but, when it comes to breeding, seahorses have more in common with humans than previously thought, new research from the University of Sydney reveals.

Reading emotions in a second language
If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well.

New predictive math for problems with many variables and complex interactions
Markos Katsoulakis, professor of mathematics and statistics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with others, recently received a $3.1 million award from US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to develop a reliable, predictive computational framework for computer-simulated design of better-performing and/or lower cost materials for catalysis, energy production and energy storage applications.

NASA-NOAA satellite shows fred facing a fizzling future
Fred was a hurricane on August 31 and weakened to a tropical storm on September 1 after moving through the Cape Verde Islands and the storm faces more obstacles in the coming days.

Research Ideas & Outcomes: New open-access journal to publish entire research cycles
Research Ideas & Outcomes is a revolutionary new open-access journal.

Suicide-by-firearm rates shift in 2 states after changes in state gun laws
A new study examining changes in gun policy in two states finds that handgun purchaser licensing requirements influence suicide rates.

How to get rid of a satellite after its retirement
Researchers at University of La Rioja have developed a new method to eliminate artificial satellites in Highly Elliptical Orbits when they finish their mission.

Provision of HIV treatment can be cost-saving for companies in high prevalence settings
In settings with a high prevalence of HIV, such as South Africa, provision of antiretroviral therapy programmes in the workplace can be cost saving for companies due to reductions in healthcare costs, absenteeism, and staff turnover according to new research by Gesine Meyer-Rath, Peter Vickerman and colleagues published this week in PLOS Medicine.

UC San Diego scientists investigate global hemorrhagic fever bacterial disease
An international research team, headed by Joseph Vinetz, M.D., professor of medicine at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and director of the UC San Diego Center for Tropical Medicine and Travelers Health, has been awarded a five-year, $1.89 million cooperative agreement to carry out transnational research studies of leptospirosis, an infectious and sometimes fatal bacterial disease endemic in much of the world.

Can marijuana help transplant patients? New research says maybe
Here's another discovery to bolster the case for medical marijuana: New research in mice suggests that THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, may delay the rejection of incompatible organs.

Medication improves measure of kidney disease in patients with diabetes
Among patients with diabetes and kidney disease, most receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker, the addition of the medication finerenone compared with placebo resulted in improvement in albuminuria (the presence of excessive protein -- chiefly albumin -- in the urine), according to a study in the Sept.

Self-driving golf carts
At the International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems in September, members of the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology and their colleagues will describe an experiment conducted over six days at a large public garden in Singapore, in which self-driving golf carts ferried 500 tourists around winding paths trafficked by pedestrians, bicyclists, and the occasional monitor lizard.

Police at risk of traffic injuries in stopped cars, as well as when speeding, study finds
Vehicle crashes are the largest cause of death among police in the United States, but what conditions contribute to the risk faced by officers?

New international standards needed to manage ocean noise
As governments and industries expand their use of high-decibel seismic surveys to explore the ocean bottom for resources, experts from eight universities or organizations say new global standards and mitigation strategies are needed to minimize the amount of sound the surveys produce and reduce risks posed to vulnerable marine life, especially in formerly unexploited areas such as the Arctic Ocean and US Atlantic coast now targeted for exploration.

Ancient hybridization key to domestic dog's origin, wolf conservation efforts
The ancestry of man's best friend is more complicated than its furry coat and soulful eyes betray.

Forensic examiners pass the face matching test
The first study to test the skills of FBI agents and other law enforcers who have been trained in facial recognition has found they perform better than the average person or even computers on this difficult task.

Fossil specimen reveals a new species of ancient river dolphin to Smithsonian scientists
The careful examination of fossil fragments from Panama has led Smithsonian scientists and colleagues to the discovery of a new genus and species of river dolphin that has been long extinct.

Autism Speaks launches MSSNG portal for open-access genomics research
Autism Speaks today launched the web-based portal for its MSSNG database, making the resource available to researchers worldwide.

Gene may predict severity of post-traumatic stress disorder
A gene linked in previous research, appears to predict more severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as well as a thinner cortex in regions of the brain critical for regulating strong emotions and coping with stressful experiences.

Statin side effects linked to off-target reaction in muscle mitochondria
Statins are a popular and easy-to-swallow option for people looking to lower their cholesterol.

The more the merrier for animals that synchronize their behavior
Social interaction could be the mechanism that allows animals living in groups to synchronize their activities, whether it's huddling for warmth or offering protection from predators.

Which blood thinner works better during stent placement? It's still a toss-up
A large, ambitious contrast of blood-thinning medications used during cardiac stent placement suggests that a very expensive drug offers no clear safety benefits over a much more affordable option, according to a prominent North Shore-LIJ researcher and cardiologist.

Inntags: new tools for innocuous protein tagging
A study performed in Barcelona has revealed a new method for protein tagging that preserves protein native functions and structure.

Oxygen oasis in Antarctic lake reflects Earth in the distant past
At the bottom of a frigid Antarctic lake, a thin layer of green slime is generating a little oasis of oxygen, a team including UC Davis researchers has found.

American College of Physicians urges physicians to oppose mass deportation
The American College of Physicians (ACP) today called on physicians, individually and collectively, to speak out against proposals to deport the 12 million US residents who lack documentation of legal residency status, citing the adverse impact that mass deportation would have on individuals and the health of the public.

Distant planet's interior chemistry may differ from our own
As astronomers continue finding new rocky planets around distant stars, high-pressure physicists are considering what the interiors of those planets might be like and how their chemistry could differ from that found on Earth.

European cardiomyopathies registry finds high use of defibrillators and genetic testing
The most representative snapshot of real world practice in cardiomyopathies in Europe has shown a higher than expected use of defibrillators and genetic testing.

GeoRef celebrates the year of the map
2015 represents the bicentenary of the William Smith Map, one of the most important geologic maps ever created and the first national geologic map ever produced.

Made from solar concentrate
A team of scientists with Berkeley Lab and the University of Illinois created solar cells that collect higher energy photons at 30 times the concentration of conventional solar cells, the highest luminescent concentration factor ever recorded.

First global antineutrino emission map highlights Earth's energy budget
A team of geologists and physicists has generated the world's first global map of antineutrino emissions.

New technique lowers cost of energy-efficient embedded computer systems
Electrical and computer engineers have developed a new technique for creating less-expensive, low-power embedded systems -- the computing devices found in everything from thermostats to automobiles.

'Bacterial litmus test' provides inexpensive measurement of micronutrients
A bacterium engineered to produce different pigments in response to varying levels of a micronutrient in blood samples could give health officials an inexpensive way to detect nutritional deficiencies in resource-limited areas of the world.

The four-letter code: How DNA barcoding can accelerate biodiversity inventories
With unprecedented biodiversity loss occurring, we must determine how many species we share the planet with.

Full-time professional to full-time mother: A choice laden with cost
Women leaving work to raise children have to redefine who they are, a study from the SAGE journal Human Relations finds.

Sohl to expand autism care network
Pediatrician Dr. Kristin Sohl will expand the growing ECHO Autism program, which launched in March, to an additional 10 sites.

Accuracy of dementia brain imaging must improve
MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive.

Genetic landscape can impact treatment for children with rare, aggressive cancer
For children with rare, aggressive and advanced cancer, precision medicine may help doctors determine their best treatment options, a new study finds.

Daily marijuana use among US college students highest since 1980
Daily marijuana use among the nation's college students is on the rise, surpassing daily cigarette smoking for the first time in 2014.

Treatment with life-saving drugs increases but still suboptimal in ischemic heart disease
Treatment with life-saving medications has increased over the past 10 years in ischemic heart disease but levels are still suboptimal, according to the first results of the Chronic Ischaemic Cardiovascular Disease Pilot Registry presented today at ESC Congress 2015 and published in European Heart Journal.

Water heals a bioplastic
A drop of water self-heals a multiphase polymer derived from the genetic code of squid ring teeth, which may someday extend the life of medical implants, fiber-optic cables and other hard to repair in place objects, according to an international team of researchers.

Modified CAR T cells can preferentially target cancer cells and spare normal cells
Engineering chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells to lower their affinity for the protein epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) made the cells preferentially recognize and eliminate tumor cells that have high amounts of EGFR while sparing normal cells that have lower amounts of the protein, according to a preclinical study.

Inadequate BP control linked with increased risk of recurrence of intracerebral hemorrhage
Survivors of an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH; a type of hemorrhagic stroke in which bleeding occurs directly into the brain) who had inadequate blood pressure (BP) control during follow-up had a higher risk of ICH recurrence, with this association appearing stronger with worsening severity of hypertension, according to a study in the Sept.

An app twice a day keeps the dentist away
Research published in the British Dental Journal shows that Brush DJ, an app designed to encourage youngsters to adopt and maintain an effective oral health care routine using evidence-based techniques, is effective in its aims.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Tropical Depression 14E disorganized
Tropical Depression 14E was born in the Eastern Pacific Ocean early on Sept.

Simplified handwashing steps help reduce sickness-related absenteeism for kids: Study
A simplified handwashing routine, with five steps instead of seven, helps to reduce sickness-related absenteeism for students with mild intellectual disability, according to a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Helping toddlers understand emotion key to development
The simple parenting strategy of helping toddlers understand emotion may reduce behavioral problems later on, finds a federally funded study led by a Michigan State University researcher.

Saving oysters by digging up their past
Restoring oyster reefs is not an easy task, but by digging deep and examining centuries-old reefs, marine restoration professionals may stand a better chance at bringing oysters back, said a new Cornell University and Paleontological Research Institution study published in the August issue of the Journal of Shellfish Research.

Hysterectomy can be safely combined with cosmetic surgery for 'hanging abdomen'
For women undergoing hysterectomy, removal of 'hanging' abdominal fat and skin -- a cosmetic procedure called panniculectomy -- can be performed at the same surgery without increasing the risk of complications, reports a study in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Redefining pediatric malnutrition to improve treatment
A new article, published today in Nutrition in Clinical Practice, a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition that publishes articles about the scientific basis and clinical application of nutrition and nutrition support, reviews the new definition of pediatric malnutrition; identifies populations where the new guidelines can be problematic in clinical practice; and describes the implementation of a malnutrition identification program within a large tertiary care children's hospital.

When stroke patients undergo surgery to remove blood clots, what anesthesia works best?
As more stroke patients undergo minimally invasive procedures to stop strokes in progress, physicians are debating the best way to anesthetize patients.

New peer-reviewed study rewrites genetic history of sheep
Scientists look back 10,000 years to rewrite history of one of humanity's oldest farm animals; Goal is to aid herders eager for more productive breeds.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Hurricane Ignacio
Hurricane Ignacio is staying far enough away from the Hawaiian Islands to not bring heavy rainfall or gusty winds, but is still causing rough surf.

Wave of the future: ONR forum looks at amphibious operations
Technology to impact future amphibious naval operations was in the spotlight Aug.

Cirrhosis, antibodies increase risk of poor outcome for autoimmune hepatitis patients
New research reports that cirrhosis at first diagnosis and antibodies for the soluble liver antigen/liver pancreas antigen are major risk factors for poor short- and long-term outcome in patients with autoimmune hepatitis.

Mass. General study identifies another way urate may protect against Parkinson's disease
A study from members of the research team investigating whether increasing blood levels of the antioxidant urate can slow the progression of Parkinson's disease has found that the neuroprotective effects of urate extend beyond its own antioxidant properties.

Medical students with mental health problems do not feel adequately supported
Over 80 percent of medical students with mental health issues feel they receive poor or only moderately adequate support from their medical schools, finds a small online survey published in Student BMJ today.

Concern over inappropriate use of psychotropic drugs in those with intellectual disability
The proportion of people with intellectual disability in the UK who have been treated with psychotropic drugs far exceeds the proportion with recorded mental illness, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Preoperative statins associated with reduced events after noncardiac surgery
Preoperative statins are associated with a 17 percent reduction in cardiac complications and a 43 percent reduction in mortality after noncardiac surgery, according to results from the VISION Study presented for the first time today at ESC Congress by Dr.

How does an insecticide treated bed net actually work?
LSTM vector biologists Dr. Philip McCall and Ms. Josie Parker worked with optical engineers Prof.

New UT Arlington-developed product could help concepts become working apps
A team of researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington has developed a computer program to automatically create a working app from an artist's concepts.

Design of 'Japonica Array'
A research group at Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization has successfully developed the Japonica Array which is the first ever SNP array optimized for Japanese population.

Carbonated drinks linked with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of cardiac origin
Carbonated beverages are associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of cardiac origin, according to results from the All-Japan Utstein Registry presented for the first time today at ESC Congress.

To email or not to email? For those in love, it's better than leaving a voice message
A new research study from Indiana University suggests that, in this digital age, an email can be more effective in expressing romantic feelings than leaving a voicemail message.

Newer genetic testing methods may provide benefit for children with suspected autism
The use of two newer genetic testing technologies (chromosomal microarray analysis and whole-exome sequencing) among children with autism spectrum disorder may help identify genetic mutations potentially linked to the disorder, according to a study in the Sept.

Butterfly wings help break the status quo in gas sensing
The unique properties found in the stunning iridescent wings of a tropical blue butterfly could hold the key to developing new highly selective gas detection sensors.

Preterm birth linked with lower math abilities and less wealth
People who are born premature tend to accumulate less wealth as adults, and a new study suggests that this may be due to lower mathematics abilities.

Forgiving others protects women from depression, but not men
Researchers at the University of Missouri studied how different facets of forgiveness affected aging adults' feelings of depression.

New study reveals how changes in lifestyle are contributing to dramatic rise in obesity
New research from Royal Holloway, University of London has found that changes in lifestyle over the past 30 years have led to a sharp reduction in the strenuousness of daily life, which researchers say may explain why there has been a dramatic rise in obesity.

2016 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Awards announced
The Genetics Society of America , the American Society for Human Genetics and The Gruber Foundation are pleased to announce Maria Barna, Ph.D., of Stanford University; and Carolyn McBride, Ph.D., of Princeton University, as the 2016 recipients of the Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award.

Maths skills count for premature babies
Researchers have identified a link between being born preterm and decreased intelligence, reading and in particular mathematical ability and have highlighted an effect on earnings into adulthood.

VIMS reports intense and widespread algal blooms
Water sampling and aerial photography by researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science show that the algal blooms currently coloring lower Chesapeake Bay are among the most intense and widespread of recent years.

Low bleeding and stroke rates in AF patients given rivaroxaban for stroke prevention
Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with rivaroxaban for stroke prevention have low rates of bleeding and stroke, reveals real-world data from the XANTUS study presented at ESC Congress today.

Smoking prevalence stays the same but proportion with no intention to quit rises
Smoking prevalence has stayed the same but the proportion with no intention of quitting has risen in the last seven years, according to results from the latest EUROASPIRE surveys presented for the first time today at ESC Congress 2015 by Professor Kornelia Kotseva, chair of the EUROASPIRE Steering Committee and senior clinical research fellow at Imperial College London, UK.

The Leopoldina Annual Assembly: Symmetry and Asymmetry in Science and Art
'Symmetry and Asymmetry in Science and Art' is the topic of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina's Annual Assembly on Friday, Sept.

There's an app for that
The University of Alberta Faculty of Science continues its leadership in the field of digital learning with the launch of its first electronic textbook this fall.

ASU team develops quick way to determine bacteria's antibiotic resistance
Bacteria's ability to become resistant to antibiotics is a growing issue in health care: Resistant strains result in prolonged illnesses and higher mortality rates.

Could tiny jellyfish propulsion drive design of new underwater craft?
The University of Oregon's Kelly Sutherland has seen the future of under-sea exploration by studying the swimming prowess of tiny jellyfish gathered from Puget Sound off Washington's San Juan Island.

How wind sculpted Earth's largest dust deposit
China's Loess Plateau was formed by wind alternately depositing dust or removing dust over the last 2.6 million years.

Newly engineered CAR T cells can better discriminate between cancer and normal cells
A new development in engineering chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, called affinity tuning, can make the CAR T cells spare normal cells and better recognize and attack cancer cells, which may help lower the toxicity associated with this type of immunotherapy when used against solid tumors, according to a preclinical study.

Vitamin a implicated in the development of alcoholic liver disease
With a name like 'Alcoholic Liver Disease,' you may not think about vitamin A as being part of the problem.

Parasitized bees are self-medicating in the wild, Dartmouth-led study finds
Bumblebees infected with a common intestinal parasite are drawn to flowers whose nectar and pollen have a medicinal effect, a Dartmouth-led study shows.

CU Denver study shows smaller cities in developing world often unprepared for disaster
While many planners focus on the threat of natural disasters to major metropolises around the world, a new study from the University of Colorado Denver shows smaller cities are often even less equipped to handle such catastrophes.

Dogs, cats, and big-wave surfers: Healthy heart lessons from animals and athletes
For over 30 years, Terrie Williams has been studying exercise physiology in animals: African lions and wild dogs, dolphins and whales, coyotes and mountain lions, as well as a few human athletes.

Buck Institute joins researchers in Chile to jumpstart research on aging in South America
The Buck Institute's mission to extend healthspan has always been global in nature -- now that global outreach has a new focal point, as the Institute partners with researchers in Chile who have been awarded a $6.5 million, five-year government grant to establish the 'Center for Geroscience, Brain Health and Metabolism' in Santiago.

Fogarty Institute for Innovation and FDA collaborate to create an educational interface
The Fogarty Institute for Innovation, a nonprofit that provides intellectual, physical and financial resources to medtech startups, and the FDA signed an agreement to begin a first-of-its-kind educational program to help accelerate medical device innovation and improve the overall efficiency of the approval process.

Marine animal colony is a multi-jet swimming machine, scientists report
A colonial jellyfish-like species, Nanomia bijuga, employs a sophisticated, multi-jet propulsion system for swimming that is based on an elegant division of labor among young and old members of the colony.

Scientists discover a common diabetes drug could prevent hemorrhage and fatal blood loss
A new study, published today in the British Journal of Pharmacology, by scientists from Royal Holloway, University of London, St.

Diabetic retinopathy screening for children with type 1 diabetes should start later
Researchers are recommending that most children with type 1 diabetes delay annual diabetic retinopathy screenings until age 15, or five years after their diabetes diagnosis, whichever occurs later.

Surge in bicycle injuries to riders over 45
The incidence of bicycle accidents has increased significantly in the US in recent years, with many serious injuries occurring among riders older than 45, according to a new study led by UCSF.

How much liposuction is 'safe'? The answer varies by body weight
What's the 'safe' amount of fat to remove in patients undergoing liposuction?

NASA's GPM satellite shows double eye-wall in Hurricane Jimena
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite showed a double eye-wall in Hurricane Jimena on Sept.

Big differences in US healthcare costs for fixing back pain
How much does spinal fusion surgery cost? The answer depends on what part of the country you live in, reports a study in the Sept.

Magnetic fields provide a new way to communicate wirelessly
Electrical engineers at the University of California, San Diego demonstrated a new wireless communication technique that works by sending magnetic signals through the human body.

Yeast study yields insights into cell-division cycle
Studies using yeast genetics have provided new, fundamental insights into the cell-division cycle, researchers at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute report.

First imagery from echolocation reveals new signals for hunting bats
Scientists developed a new way to produce images from echolocation, uncovering a new set of cues available to bats and a new phenomenon of 'acoustic camouflage' available to prey.

TGen study identifies potential genes associated with the most common form of liver damage
In a first-of-its-kind exploratory study, the Translational Genomics Research Institute has identified a potential gene associated with the initiation of the most common cause of liver damage.

Heat and acid could squeeze trout out of southern Appalachian streams
A newly published research study that combines effects of warming temperatures from climate change with stream acidity projects average losses of around 10 percent of stream habitat for coldwater aquatic species for seven national forests in the southern Appalachians -- and up to a 20 percent loss of habitat in the Pisgah and Nantahala National Forests in western North Carolina.

Understanding the deep sea is key to a sustainable blue economy
Once considered remote and inaccessible, commercial interest to exploit the deep sea is rising due to economic drivers and technology developments.

Body fat hormone leptin influences runner's high
The euphoric feeling that gives runners a motivational boost in the middle of their workout is in part modulated by the satiety hormone leptin, says new Cell Metabolism study.

UT Arlington patent allows real-time learning based on previous decisions
UT Arlington electrical engineers have patented an innovative method that improves a controller's ability to make real-time decisions.

Explaining crocodiles in Wyoming
Fifty million years ago, crocodiles lived from Wyoming to southern Canada.

Brazilian wasp venom kills cancer cells by opening them up
The social wasp Polybia paulista protects itself against predators by producing venom known to contain a powerful cancer-fighting ingredient.

Future Science Group to donate to Antibiotics Action for every new member of MedChemNet
FSG will donate £1 for every new member to join MedChemNet during the month of September.

Incorporating genomic sequencing, counseling into pediatric cancer treatment shows benefit
In a study that included children and young adults with relapsed or refractory cancer, incorporation of integrative clinical genomic sequencing data into clinical management was feasible, revealed potentially actionable findings in nearly half of the patients, and was associated with change in treatment and family genetics counseling for a small proportion of patients, according to a study in the Sept.

Completely paralyzed man voluntarily moves his legs, UCLA scientists report
A 39-year-old man who had had been completely paralyzed for four years was able to voluntarily control his leg muscles and take thousands of steps in a robotic device during five days of training with the aid of the robotic device combined with a novel noninvasive spinal stimulation pattern that does not require surgery, a team of UCLA scientists reports.

The timing of sleep just as important as quantity
Washington State University researchers have found that the timing of an animal's sleep can be just as important as how much sleeps it gets.

Archaeologists plan to bring to life ancient land lost under the sea
University of Bradford archaeologists have received one of Europe's premier research grants for a ground-breaking project to reconstruct an ancient landscape now hidden beneath the North Sea.

Clinical trial is 1st to study impact of cognitive impairment assessment in primary care
The first clinical trial to investigate the impact of primary care physicians testing their patients for cognitive impairment found that doctors given information on a patient's cognitive status provided more care focused on cognition but that care had no impact on the overall rate of the patient's cognitive decline.

Antipsychotics inappropriately prescribed to people with intellectual disabilities
Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new UCL study.

Economic security requires new measures of well-being
Economic well-being for low-income families in the US is often determined by federal measures that establish basic requirements for essentials such as food, shelter and clothing, but a new study by a University at Buffalo research team suggests that such a definition is unrealistically narrow.

Most CRT-P patients would not benefit from addition of defibrillator
Most patients with a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) pacemaker would not benefit from the addition of a defibrillator, according to results from the CeRtiTuDe cohort study presented for the first time today at ESC Congress and published in European Heart Journal.

What do we really know about the history of biological weapons use?
Few comprehensive, definitive histories of biological warfare have been written, many events reported in the literature never happened, and few details are available about some uses of biological weapons that most certainly did occur.

University of South Florida and Friedreich's Ataxia Research Alliance to host scientific symposium
The University of South Florida will again bring together leading researchers and patients searching for a treatment for Friedreich's ataxia and related disorders at the seventh annual scientific symposium 'Understanding Energy for A Cure.' The symposium will be held 5:00 to 8:30 p.m., Thursday, Sept.
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