Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 08, 2015
Researchers develop a method for controlling gene activation
University of Helsinki researchers have developed a new method which enables the activation of genes in a cell without changing the genome.

Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative unveils new plan for neglected patients
After having built the world's largest drug development pipeline for the most neglected diseases, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative has unveiled plans for a more flexible, dynamic portfolio approach, integrating various operating models to better respond to the needs of patients, notably in low- and middle-income countries.

Untangling the mechanics of knots
Researchers at MIT and Pierre et Marie Curie University in Paris have analyzed the mechanical forces underpinning simple knots, and come up with a theory that describes how a knot's topology determines its mechanical forces.

New findings shed light on fundamental process of DNA repair
Scientists have identified a new component of the molecular machinery a cell uses to repair damaged DNA.

Childhood cancer research at UCSF to transcend tissue types with innovative grant
Researchers at UC San Francisco are leading a five-year, $10 million research project dedicated to pediatric cancer, funded by the first grant of its kind to focus on a molecular pathway that underlies many cancers rather than on a cancer in a particular organ or tissue in the body.

NASA sees Typhoon Kilo maintaining its eye
Typhoon Kilo continues to thrive in the Northwestern Pacific and imagery from NASA's Terra satellite late on Sept.

Violence, self-harm and suicide attempts: Health of child trafficking survivors revealed
Poor mental health, self-harm and suicide attempts are common among children and adolescents who have been trafficked for forced labor or sexual exploitation, according to a new study led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Using a human voice in social media has a positive effect on company reputation
The modern-day complaints department tends to be a direct mention on Twitter to the company.

Lack of adherence to usability testing standards for electronic health record products
The lack of adherence to usability testing standards among several widely used electronic health record products that were certified as having met these requirements may be a major factor contributing to the poor usability of EHRs, according to a study in the Sept.

Fred fades in far Atlantic
Before Tropical Storm Fred fizzled in the Eastern Atlantic, NASA's Global Hawk flew overhead on September 5 and the Global Hawk's imagery was used to create a movie of the flyover as part of NOAA's SHOUT mission.

Bubble, bubble ... boiling on the double
A new analysis could lead to more efficient, less dangerous power plants.

Light shed on the underside of the 'cocktail effect' of endocrine disruptors
Chemical substances that are safe for humans when taken in isolation can become harmful when they are combined.

Lazing away the summer
Typically hibernation is expected to occur during winter. The more astonishing is, that wildlife biologists from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have shown for the first time that dormice can enter hibernation already in June or July.

Ozone can reduce a flower's scent that's critical for attracting pollinators
New research shows that high levels of ozone, which are predicted to increase in the atmosphere in the future, can dampen the scents of flowers that attract bees and other pollinators.

Simple test predicts obstructive sleep apnea in patients hospitalized for heart failure
Jefferson researchers showed that a simple questionnaire, evaluation and pulse-oximetry monitoring can lead to early detection of sleep apnea in patients hospitalized for congestive heart failure.

A new type of Au deposits: The decratonic gold deposits
A recent study identifies a new type of Au deposits, and defines it as the decratonic gold deposits because it was formed in the processes of craton destruction.

Flu vaccine reduces hospitalizations and deaths among nursing home residents
When the influenza vaccine is well matched to the prevailing strains of flu in a given season, patients in nursing homes are significantly less likely to be hospitalized or to die of pneumonia and other influenza related causes.

Changing behavior through synaptic engineering
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School are the first to show that it's possible to reverse the behavior of an animal by flipping a switch in neuronal communication.

Out of the fire, into the light
Life isn't always easy or fair, but there is always hope.

Study finds high prevalence of diabetes, pre-diabetes in US
In 2011-2012, the estimated prevalence of diabetes among US adults was 12 percent to 14 percent and the prevalence of prediabetes was 37 percent to 38 percent, indicating that about half of the US adult population has either diabetes or prediabetes, according to a study in the Sept.

Experts examine ways to address anemia and blood loss in surgery patients
A new review presents a 'patient blood management' program to help clinicians make decisions relating to anemia and blood transfusion

Cod bones from Mary Rose reveal globalized fish trade in Tudor England
New analysis shows warship's dried fish provisions were sourced from as far away as Icelandic and possibly even transatlantic waters.

MD Anderson immunologist Jim Allison wins Lasker-DeBakey Award
For inventing a completely new way to strike cancer by unlocking a shackled immune system attack, Jim Allison, Ph.D., chair of Immunology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, will receive the nation's highest honor for clinical medical research.

Researchers develop optical interferometer to monitor the large-scale manufacture of stem cells
Reliable and large-scale production of high-quality stem cells will be vital if they are to achieve what many believe is their full potential in a wide range of medical therapies.

Nano-dunes with the ion beam
Many semiconductor devices in modern technology are based on nanostructures.

Iron supplementation during pregnancy and risk of malaria in malaria-endemic region
Among women in a malaria-endemic region in Kenya, daily iron supplementation during pregnancy did not result in an increased risk of malaria, according to a study in the Sept.

Survivors of child trafficking exhibit symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD
About one-third of girls and boys who survived child trafficking experienced physical and/or sexual violence during their ordeal in a study of children receiving posttrafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

A close-up view of materials as they stretch or compress
Materials scientists want to squeeze every bit of performance out of materials, particularly in the aerospace industry, where small advantages in weight or extreme temperature tolerance translate into tremendous performance benefits.

Fine particulate matter associated with slight increased mortality in Houston
Fine particulate matter released from a variety of sources in Houston was associated with slight increased mortality risk from 2000 to 2011, according to research from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Inspired by art, lightweight solar cells track the sun
Solar cells capture up to 40 percent more energy when they can track the sun across the sky, but conventional, motorized trackers are too heavy and bulky for pitched rooftops and vehicle surfaces.

Riddell and TGen begin third year of research collaboration with ASU's football program
Researchers are working to identify biomarkers released from the brain that provide definitive evidence of concussion.

Ants on the march in non-native conifer forests
A species of ant is thriving in habitats created by thousands of acres of coniferous forest planted in a UK national park in the last 60 years, according to new research by scientists from the Department of Biology at the University of York and Forest Research, the Forestry Commission's research agency.

Thinking people are born fat or born thin is bad for your health
Though the belief that DNA determines weight is highly debated, it appears to be shaping people's lives.

UC Davis study shows popular molecular tests
Clostridium difficile is a common cause of infection and diarrhea in hospitalized patients, but a new study by UC Davis pathologists suggests that many patients are mistakenly diagnosed and do not need antibiotic treatment.

Peak emissions at London station worse than road-side equivalents
Peak-time emissions from diesel trains at London's Paddington Station exceed the European recommendations for outdoor air quality, and are higher than nearby roadsides on the majority of days.

Tutoring relieves math anxiety, changes fear circuits in children, Stanford study finds
Anxiety about doing math problems can be relieved with a one-on-one math tutoring program, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

International researchers say nutrition science must change to meet world food needs
An international team of researchers, including scientists at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech, has identified key opportunities in nutrition science to address projected gaps in food availability.

Study's findings could help expand the donor pool for liver transplantation
Organ donation after circulatory death, in which transplant organs are taken from donors after ay period of no blood circulation or oxygenation, is often considered inferior to donation after brain death, in which circulation and oxygenation are maintained until organs are removed for transplantation

NASA's GPM sees Grace weaken to a depression
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite flew over Grace in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean as it weakened to a depression.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Etau approaching Japan
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean early on Sept.

CTCA study shows characterization of lung micro-organisms could help lung cancer patients
A study of microbes that inhabit human lungs and how they may relate to the development of lung cancer, led by Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Western Regional Medical Center in Goodyear, Arizona, was presented today in Denver during the 16th World Conference on Lung Cancer.

Advanced treatment and prognosis data available for TNM classification
The publication of the 8th edition of the 'Tumor, Node and Metastasis Classification of Lung Cancer' will provide physicians around the world access to new data to more precisely stage and treat cases of lung cancer.

Studying kangaroo cartilage could help human treatment
Understanding the biomechanics of natural cartilage could lead to the development of better artificial joint implants.

Southern California wildfires exhibit split personalities
Wildfires have ravaged both populated and unpopulated regions of Southern California at an increasing rate over the past few decades, and scientists from three University of California campuses and partner institutions are predicting that by midcentury, as a consequence of climate change causing hotter and drier summers, a lot more will go up in flames.

As demand for African timber soars, birds pay the ultimate price
A new study co-authored by scientists at Drexel University, published in the most recent issue of Biological Conservation, reveals the devastating impact of illegal logging on bird communities in the understory layer of Ghana's Upper Guinea rain forests, one of the world's 25 'biodiversity hotspots' where the most biologically rich ecosystems are most threatened.

Baylor researchers find popular herbicide doesn't have long-term effect on aquatic plant
A recent study by a multi-disciplinary team of Baylor University researchers found that a popular herbicide does not appear to have a long-term, measurable impact on aquatic plant life.

Arthritis may be a major driver of poverty
Developing arthritis increases the risk of falling into poverty, especially for women, new research shows.

Earthquake baseline set to inform future fracking
Experts set the world's first pre-fracking baseline for earthquakes caused by human activity.

Big data tool to reveal immune system role in diseases
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Princeton University have designed a new online tool that predicts the role of key proteins and genes in diseases of the human immune system.

Info-metrics Institute at American University awards inaugural research prizes
The 2015 Info-Metrics Institute prizes honor scholars who have creatively used info-metrics methods in their respective disciplines.

Brain damage during stroke may point to source of addiction
A pair of studies suggests that a region of the brain -- called the insular cortex -- may hold the key to treating addiction.

Clemson University researchers land $970,000 to develop clean water technology
A research team in Clemson University's College of Engineering and Science has received $970,000 to create new technology that could play a key role in providing safe water to a planet where one in six people still do not have access to it.

Drugs behave as predicted in computer model of key protein, enabling cancer drug discovery
Drugs behaved as predicted in a computer-generated model of the key protein, P-glycoprotein, say researchers at Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Keeping older muscles strong
University of Iowa scientists have discovered a cause of and potential treatment for age-related muscle weakness and loss.

CHORI's Dr. Ronald Krauss receives $13.18 million NIH precision medicine grant
Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute Senior Scientist Dr. Ronald Krauss has received a five-year, $13.18 million grant from the NIH for precision medicine research in statin response.

Study sets ambitious new goals for nutrition science
'Nutrition research needs a bold dose of innovation' -- experts call for transdisciplinary, systems-science approach.

New drug-like compounds may improve odds of men battling prostate cancer, researchers find
Researchers at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, have discovered new drug-like compounds that could ultimately be developed into medicines that offer better odds of survival to prostate cancer patients.

Flickr and a citizen science website help in recording a sawfly species range expansion
Social network Flickr and citizen science website BugGuide have helped scientists to expand the known range of a rarely collected woodwasp native to the eastern United States.

Clinical trial for first oral drug candidate specifically developed for sleeping sickness
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative has announced today at the 9th European Congress on Tropical Medicine and International Health in Basel, Switzerland, the successful completion of Phase I human clinical trials for SCYX-7158 (AN5568), the first oral drug candidate specifically developed from the earliest drug discovery stage to combat human African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, a deadly parasitic disease transmitted by the tsetse fly.

Progression to traditional cigarettes after electronic cigarette use in young people
A new study of US adolescents and young people suggests that using electronic cigarettes was associated with progression to traditional cigarette smoking, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Researchers identify mechanism that impairs blood flow with aging
With the world's elderly population expected to double by 2050, understanding how aging affects the body is an important focus for researchers globally.

Study defines criteria for MET-driven lung cancer suitable for crizotinib treatment
CU Cancer Center study presented at 16th World Conference on Lung Cancer defines criteria for MET-amplified cancer likely sensitive to treatment with crizotinib.

Physicians highlight ENT research to be presented during otolaryngology's annual meeting
Abstracts of research to be presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO? of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation are now available.

Researchers find that lure of winning prizes encourages saving
People are more willing to save money when offered the chance to win a prize, according to a study from the University of Texas at Dallas.

Premature infant survival and health outcomes improve over 20 years, new study shows
A study of extremely preterm infants born at US academic medical centers over the last 20 years found changes in maternal and infant care practices, resulting in modest increases in survival and reductions in several neonatal complications.

Canadian Researchers answer important scientific debate connected to heart disease
Researchers from the University of Ottawa Heart Institute have found the answer to an ongoing debate in the cardiovascular scientific world.

Diabetes drug boosts bone fat and fracture risk; exercise can partially offset the effect
Inside our bones there is fat. Diabetes increases the amount of this marrow fat.

An international team of longevity scientists publish first online database of geroprotectors
Scientists from Insilico Medicine among the anti-aging scientists launching Geroprotectors.org, a publicly available database that has cataloged research related to geroprotectors, compounds that can slow or reverse the root causes of the aging process.

Simplified HIV Test and Treat program associated with better coverage and lower mortality
A 'Test and Treat' protocol for HIV/AIDS diagnosis and treatment, implemented in two Guangxi, China counties in 2012, was associated with increased engagement in HIV/AIDS care and a 62 percent reduction in mortality among participants, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

New NIH-funded study explores the impact of exercise on breast cancer outcomes
Physician-scientists at University Hospitals Case Medical Center's Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine are leading a new study exploring the impact of exercise on outcomes for older breast cancer survivors.

Should countries honor their climate debts?
All countries have contributed to recent climate change, but some much more so than others.

Exposure to wildfire smoke linked to increased ER visits for asthma
Researchers who analyzed data from the 2006-2007 wildfires in Australia found that exposure to wildfire smoke was linked to increased visits to hospital emergency departments for asthma.

Swedish surgical research stops suffering for millions of impoverished citizens
Mosquito mesh cannot just prevent malaria, but can also be used to reduce the suffering caused by groin hernia.

Rudeness damages medical staff performance
New research from Tel Aviv University finds that incivility among medical staff members has grave consequences for quality of patient care and diagnostic accuracy.

New wearable technology can sense appliance use, help track carbon footprint
A new wearable technology developed at the University of Washington and to be presented at UbiComp 2015 can sense what devices and vehicles its user interacts with.

New model for the treatment and prevention of obesity in the United States
About 79 million adults in the United States now suffer from obesity, a number that will stay unacceptably high unless there is radical change in both the US health care system and the environment, says an analysis published today in the September issue of Health Affairs.

WSU researchers create super-stretchable metallic conductors for flexible electronics
Washington State University researchers have discovered how to stretch metal films used in flexible electronics to twice their size without breaking.

Genome mining effort discovers 19 new natural products in 4 years
It took a small group of researchers only four years -- a blink of an eye in pharmaceutical terms -- to scour a collection of 10,000 bacterial strains and isolate the genes responsible for making 19 unique, previously unknown phosphonate natural products, researchers report.

Increased detection of low-risk tumors driving up thyroid cancer rates, Mayo study finds
Low-risk cancers that do not have any symptoms and presumably will not cause problems in the future are responsible for the rapid increase in the number of new cases of thyroid cancer diagnosed over the past decade, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in the journal Thyroid.

Researchers find new clue to halting leukemia relapse
Rice researchers identify and validate a new molecular mechanism of action to overcome drug resistance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Freebies won't bribe most bloggers into positive reviews
Bloggers may accept compensation and free products for reviews, but freebies do not necessarily lead to positive endorsements, according to a group of researchers.

Parsemus Foundation announces field data from new users of Calchlorin nonsurgical neuter
Three organizations received awards for collecting data on calcium chloride in alcohol nonsurgical sterilization procedure.

New book shows how US can achieve better health of its citizens and cut healthcare costs
What should the US do to improve the health of its citizens?

Global health studies in September Health Affairs
The September issue of Health Affairs includes articles examining the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases, both in the United States and elsewhere.

Psychedelic therapy re-emerging for anxiety, PTSD and addiction
Renewed medical interest in the use of psychedelic drugs for anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder and addiction has resulted in small research studies that show some success with the controlled use of these drugs, according to an analysis published in CMAJ.

24-hour OBs, midwives lead to less C-sections
Privately insured pregnant women are less likely to have C-sections when their regular care includes midwives and 24-hour obstetrician coverage, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and Marin General Hospital.

Stem cell-derived 'mini-brains' reveal potential drug treatment for rare disorder
Using 'mini-brains' built with induced pluripotent stem cells derived from patients with a rare, but devastating, neurological disorder, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say they have identified a drug candidate that appears to 'rescue' dysfunctional cells by suppressing a critical genetic alteration.

Texas A&M biologists zero in on 2-protein 2-step trigger for deadly scar-tissue loop
Scientists at Texas A&M University have made additional progress in understanding the process behind scar-tissue formation and wound healing -- specifically, a breakthrough in fibroblast-to-fibrocyte signaling involving two key proteins that work together to promote fibrocyte differentiation to lethal excess -- that could lead to new advances in treating and preventing fibrotic disease.

Ocean waves may hold secret to efficient renewable energy
A National Science Foundation-funded UC researcher receives global recognition for improving methods to calculate electrical surface potential where air and water meet.

Biomarker helps predict survival time in gastric cancer patients
Gastric cancer poses a significant health problem in developing countries and is typically associated with late-stage diagnosis and high mortality.

The Achilles' heel of HI virus
Researchers at the University of Bonn have discovered how cells in the body can detect the genetic material of so-called retroviruses.

England could eradicate bovine TB if it adopted Welsh or Scottish tactics
New research by the team that previously showed that testing was more effective than badger culling at controlling bovine tuberculosis, have found the tactics currently employed by the Welsh and Scottish, but not English, authorities are leading to disease reduction.

New rule to help identify fractures in young children with head trauma
A new decision rule will help emergency department physicians determine when to use radiography in young children with minor head injuries.

False alarm from the body may be responsible for acute pancreatitis
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden may have discovered one of the keys to understanding how the body develops acute pancreatitis.

Survey reinforces further understanding of dietary deficiencies and optimum nutrition needed
Data from a three-country survey seeking to understand beliefs of adults on the role of diet for optimal health, as well as consumption of key micronutrients including omega-3 and vitamin D, will be published in the November/December issue of Nutrition Today.

Reference payment initiative for colonoscopy associated with lower prices, savings
The California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS) saved $7 million on spending for colonoscopy two years after it implemented a reference payment initiative that offered full insurance coverage at low-priced facilities but required substantial cost sharing if patients picked a high-priced alternative, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Realizing carbon nanotube integrated circuits
A Northwestern University research team used newly developed, solution-based encapsulation layers to create air-stable, wafer-scale integrated circuits made from single-walled carbon nanotubes.

Parasite vs. invader: New endoparasitoid wasp can save the Dominican Republic economy
While biocontrol agents come in different shapes, often taking a lot of time for scientists to develop, natural ones seem to be the better option.

Infant learning: Is more really better?
Many parents and caregivers believe that multi-sensory stimulation during infancy promotes developmental growth and learning, but researchers who conducted eye movement experiments on preverbal infants show that this is not always true.

Personalized medicine's success needs accurate classification of tumors
If cancer patients are to receive optimal treatment, clinicians must have an accurate histologic classification of the tumor and know its genetic characteristics, said William D.

Statistical model may identify patients who can benefit from surgery for mesothelioma
A new statistical model may help predict which patients are most likely to receive life-extending benefits from surgical treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma, according to an article in the September 2015 issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Pitt researchers developing a novel way to identify pathogens
The University of Pittsburgh's Xinyu Liu, Sanford Asher, and colleagues may have found a faster method to identify pathogens.

Ocean acidification weighing heavily upon marine algae
Ocean acidification can weaken algal skeletons, reducing their performance and impacting upon marine biodiversity, say scientists in a new research paper published this week.

Trust game increases rate synchrony
A study by researchers from Aarhus University recently published in the Journal of Physiology and Behavior shows that when people build trust, their hearts get in sync and beat as one.

New guidelines address long-term needs of colorectal cancer survivors
New American Cancer Society Cancer Survivorship Care guidelines released today provide primary care clinicians with recommendations for providing comprehensive care to the estimated 1.2 million survivors of colorectal cancer in the United States.

Brands are perceived in the same way as faces
A recent study on the psychology of trademarks shows that they are perceived by the same psychological mechanisms as those, which enable the recognition of faces.

Continued smoking after MS diagnosis associated with accelerated disease progression
Continued smoking after a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) appears to be associated with accelerated disease progression compared with those patients who quit smoking, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

ACA linked with improvement in chronic disease management
People with health insurance are more likely to have their high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure correctly diagnosed -- and to have these chronic conditions under control -- than similar uninsured people, according to a new study led by Harvard T.H.

Resin may provide medicine against epilepsy
Sticky resin from conifers contains substances that could relieve or cure epilepsy.

E-cigarettes serve as smoking gateway for teens and young adults, Pitt-Dartmouth study finds
Young people across the United States who smoke electronic cigarettes are considerably more likely to start smoking traditional cigarettes within a year than their peers who do not smoke e-cigarettes, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health and the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Cancer Center.

Children overcoming adversity
USC and China researchers' findings of 'left behind' children in China could apply to children anywhere enduring adverse situations.

Benefits for humanity: From NASA to Napa
The latest video in the Benefits for Humanity series illustrates how solutions for growing crops in space translates to solutions for mold prevention in wine cellars and other confined spaces on Earth.

A new factor in depression? Brain protein discovery could lead to better treatments
Low. Down. Less than normal. That's what the word depression means, and what people with depression often feel like.

Hypertension in professional football players likely results from trauma on the field
The regular physical trauma that appears to put professional football players at risk for degenerative brain disease may also increase their risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease, researchers say.

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is safe, effective for very elderly patients
Select patients age 90 years and older with aortic stenosis can benefit from a relatively new, minimally invasive surgery for aortic valve replacement, according to an article in the September 2015 issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Study identifies psychological traits associated with homophobia
A new study that investigated the potential of certain psychological traits for predisposing heterosexuals to have negative attitudes towards homosexual people found that psychoticism and immature defense mechanisms may be important risk factors for homophobia

HIV self-testing (HIVST) found safe, acceptable, and accurate
HIV self-testing (HIVST) delivered by trained volunteers may prove to be widely used, safe, accurate, and acceptable in urban settings of sub-Saharan Africa, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

A high BMI could reduce men's risk of rheumatoid arthritis, but not women's
A high body mass index could reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in men, according to a study published today in Rheumatology.

More than half of Asian-Americans with diabetes are undiagnosed
More than half of Asian-Americans and nearly half of Hispanic-Americans with diabetes are undiagnosed, according to researchers from the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

UmeƄ researcher explains the increase in dengue epidemics in Singapore
Population growth and increased temperature are the most important explanations to the significant increase of dengue incidence in Singapore since the 1970s.

E-cigarettes serve as gateway to smoking for teens and young adults
Young people across the United States who smoke electronic cigarettes are considerably more likely to start smoking traditional cigarettes within a year than their peers who do not smoke e-cigarettes, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health and the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Norris Cotton Cancer Center.

Changing behavior through synaptic engineering
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School are the first to show that it's possible to reverse the behavior of an animal by flipping a switch in neuronal communication.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Jimena
Strong vertical wind shear has been affecting Tropical Storm Jimena in the Central Pacific and pushing the clouds and storms west of the center, as seen in infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite.

Largest UK breast cancer physiotherapy trial to be led by Warwick
What is expected to be the biggest UK study on the effect of physiotherapy on women after breast cancer surgery is to be led by Warwick Medical School in partnership with University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust.

Bats and balls, not base runners, cause worst injuries to major league catchers
Contrary to popular belief, the worst injuries baseball catchers face on the field come from errant bats and foul balls, not home-plate collisions with base runners, according to findings of a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

AIP award in Broadcast/New Media goes to Anna Rothschild, Greg Kestin for NOVA|PBS Video
The American Institute of Physics has named Anna Rothschild and Greg Kestin as winners of the 2015 AIP Science Communication Awards in the Broadcast/New Media category for their video, '2.5 Ways to Die in a Black Hole,' published on the NOVA|PBS website on March 3, 2014.

First Public Engagement Fellows of Leshner Leadership Institute at AAAS announced
AAAS announces the selection of the following Public Engagement Fellows for 2016-17, the first year of the Alan I.

Nature: Study creates cell immunity to parasite that infects 50 million
Multi-institution, multidisciplinary study applies cancer science technique to field of infectious diseases to pinpoint human genes that allow parasite E. histolytica to cause cell death.

Parsing photons in the infrared, UCI-led astronomers uncover signs of earliest galaxies
Astronomers from the University of California, Irvine and Baltimore's Space Telescope Science Institute have generated the most accurate statistical description yet of faint, early galaxies as they existed in the universe 500 million years after the Big Bang.

Support for fast-tracking new drugs into clinical trials for childhood acute leukemia
Children's Cancer Institute welcomes its inclusion, by the US National Cancer Institute, in a systematic program of drug evaluation in childhood cancer.

Dark matter: CRESST searches for 'lightweights'
Scientists have searched for the particles of dark matter in numerous experiments - so far, in vain.

Outcomes improve for extremely preterm infants
Over the last 20 years, complications have decreased and survival has improved for extremely preterm infants, according to a study in the Sept.

Delayed effects of oil spill compromise long-term fish survival
For 25 years, methodical research by scientists has investigated the effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989 on Alaskan communities and ecosystems.

Electronic records with decision support help optimize emergency care for stroke patients
The timely administration of a clot-dissolving treatment for emergency department patients with acute ischemic stroke nearly doubled following the introduction of new technology that enabled electronic order entry and offered care-decision support for physicians, according to a study published today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Injection drug use limits benefits of surgery for treatment of heart lining infection
Injection drug users who undergo surgery for infective endocarditis have a significantly higher risk of reoperation or death between three and six months after surgery compared to patients who develop endocarditis who are not IV drug abusers, according to an article in the September 2015 issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Southern California wildfires show split personalities
Santa Ana fires and summer fires in Southern California burn roughly the same-sized area and cost about the same to suppress, but Santa Ana fires were 10 times more economically damaging.

Parasitic disease: Contact rates, competition matter in transmission
Contact and competition among different animals within a community matters when it comes to the possibility of parasitic disease outbreak, according to new research from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis and the University of Georgia, Athens.

Pitt researcher lands the cover of Developmental Cell by uncovering an evolutionary secret
How did the elephant get its trunk? Or the turtle its shell?

Stephen J. Elledge receives Lasker Award
Stephen J. Elledge, the Gregor Mendel Professor of Genetics and of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, is a co-recipient, with Evelyn Witkin of Rutgers University, of the 2015 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.

Wirth Chair honors NREL's Dan Arvizu
Dr. Dan E. Arvizu was honored at the 16th annual Wirth Chair Sustainability Awards Luncheon in Denver today for his longtime leadership at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Artificial 'plants' could fuel the future
The developer of a new technology that turns sunlight into liquid fuel, along with two other leading nanoscientists, discuss the remarkable science behind it -- and how learning from nature's genius could transform our energy future.

Many childhood brain tumor survivors experience seizures
New research reveals that seizures are frequent in childhood brain tumor survivors.

UW researchers are pioneering research on 'body maps' in babies' brains
Body maps, which show how certain parts of the brain correspond to the body's topography, have been studied extensively in adult humans and other primates.

Blood and teeth samples accurately predict a criminal's age
Forensic biomedical scientists from KU Leuven, Belgium, have developed a test to predict individuals' age on the basis of blood or teeth samples.

Reviving extinct Mediterranean forests, urban land-sparing, ocean noise pollution
Highlights from the September 2015 issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment: Extinct Mediterranean forests of biblical times could return and thrive in warmer, drier future; getting a handle on ocean noise; large, continuous, green spaces (land-sparing) crucial for urban ecosystem services.

Shouldering the burden of evolution
As early humans increasingly left forests and utilized tools, they took an evolutionary step away from apes.

Teens are not always irrational
Teenagers are irrational and make bad decisions. Or do they?

Japanese paper art inspires new 3-D fabrication method
A cut or tear in a material is typically a sign of weakness.

Half diamond, half cubic boron, all cutting business
Researchers combine diamond and cubic boron nitride with a novel alloying process for a super hard material.

Smoke-free zones, higher taxes deter youth smoking, study shows
Banning smoking in the workplace and increasing taxes on cigarettes have discouraged teens and young adults from taking up smoking, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and UC Merced.
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