Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 09, 2015
Switzerland best place in the world for older people to live
Switzerland is the best place in the world for older people to live, closely followed by Norway and Sweden, according to a new report from HelpAge International, working in partnership with the University of Southampton.

The sweet smell of success
Writing in the International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, Shuvam Chatterjee of the Regent Education & Research Foundation, in Dhakuria, India, discusses the concept of 'olfactory branding' and how in some settings, such as the hotel lobby, it can supplant or augment the more traditional audiovisual marketing signals.

Invasion of non-native genotypes exposed by environmental DNA
A Japanese research group have used environmental DNA (eDNA) to quantify the proportion of Japanese native common carp to non-native strains from the Eurasian continent.

Federico Rosei of INRS honorary Fellow of the Chinese Chemical Society
Professor Federico Rosei of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre recently received yet another prestigious distinction in his illustrious career, having been named Honorary Fellow of the Chinese Chemical Society.

Human-like nose can sniff out contamination in drinking water
A bioelectronic nose that mimics the human nose can detect traces of bacteria in water by smelling it, without the need for complex equipment and testing.

The Worldwide Protein Data Bank Symposium
The symposium titled with 'Integrative Structural Biology with Hybrid Methods' is held focusing on the multi-scale structural biology, which aims to analyze structures of protein molecules and their assemblies, cellular machines, organelle, and even living cells and organisms by the hybrid methods, integrating many different technologies, such as chemical cross-links, MS spectrometry, FRET, super-resolution, microscopy, X-ray diffraction, NMR, and computer modeling, in addition to cryo-electron microscopy that has been attracting much attention these days.

The secrets of NASA's Webb Telescope's 'deployable tower assembly'
Building a space telescope to see the light from the earliest stars of our universe is a pretty complex task.

Last chance for oasis in China's desert
Ten percent of the world's cotton is produced in the Xinjiang region in northwestern China.

NYU researchers observe upward trend in hepatitis C infection rates among HIV+ MSM
Researchers at NYU have conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies characterizing the incidence of the sexual transmission of HCV among HIV-positive MSM.

How can one assess the effectiveness of hypnosis?
In a report submitted to the French Directorate General for Health, researchers from Inserm led by Bruno Falissard assessed the effectiveness of this complementary medical practice for some of its indications (women's health, digestive ailments, surgery, psychiatry, etc.).

Women are more fairly funded in the social sciences
Accounting for academic position, women are as successful as men at winning grants from the Economic and Social Research Council, and they receive grants that are actually slightly larger than those won by men.

NASA's RapidScat sees Tropical Storm Jimena's strong side away from Hawaii
The strongest winds in Tropical Storm Jimena were on its northern side when NASA's RapidScat instrument measured the storm's surface winds.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder -- review looks at treatment effectiveness
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome that causes major disruption in several areas of life for many women.

National Association of Science Writers announces 2015 Science in Society Award winners
Winners of the 2015 Science in Society Journalism Awards, sponsored by the National Association of Science Writers, are announced in four categories: Book, Science Reporting, Longform, and Science Reporting for a Local or Regional Market.

Hypomethylation of karma transposon causes catastrophic mantled epi-mutation in oil palm
A multinational team of researchers from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Orion Genomics and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, has identified a novel epigenetic mechanism -- called Bad Karma -- that explains mantling, a catastrophic phenotype which occurs in a significant but unpredictable portion of oil palms that are propagated by cloning.

Postoperative delirium results in poor outcomes in older adults
Researchers from the Aging Brain Center at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife confirm that delirium is a significant and independent contributing factor to poor postsurgical outcomes in older adults.

Finding iconicity in spoken languages
New research shows that for Indo-European languages, like English and Spanish, iconicity is more common than previously believed.

Celeste: A new model for cataloging the universe
A Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory-based research collaboration of astrophysicists, statisticians and computer scientists has developed Celeste, a new statistical analysis model designed to enhance one of modern astronomy's most time-tested tools: sky surveys.

What's in a football helmet? (video)
Football is back, and with all the hard hits and tough tackles come renewed concerns about safety.

Metal-eating microbes in African lake could solve mystery of the planet's iron deposits
An isolated, iron-rich bay in the heart of East Africa is offering scientists a rare glimpse back into Earth's primitive marine environment, and supports theories that tiny microbes created some of the world's largest ore deposits billions of years ago.

Can black Republicans win black votes? Not likely, UC study finds
In the wake of the 2012 election, Republican leaders launched an effort to appeal to black voters by recruiting black candidates for office.

How to spawn an 'exceptional ring'
New exotic states could lead to new kinds of optical sensors and devices.

Protected areas only work if they include what threatened species need
The Tucuman Parrot is found only on the eastern slopes of the Andes in Bolivia and Argentina, in a region known as the Southern Yungas forest.

UNH scientist discovers new approach to managing parasitic roundworms
Roundworms that feed on plants cause approximately $100 billion in annual global crop damage.

NVIDIA designates UW as GPU research center
The University of Wyoming has been named a GPU Research Center by NVIDIA, the world leader in visual computing.

Study with 'never-smokers' sheds light on the earliest stages of nicotine dependence
In a study with 18 adults who had never smoked, scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have demonstrated one of the earliest steps in the process of addiction, and shown that some people are far more vulnerable to nicotine addiction than others.

National Institute of Mental Health and American University study games as treatment for anxiety
The Game Lab at American University, in collaboration with the National Institute of Mental Health, has launched a new neurogaming initiative that could provide innovative treatments for children with severe anxiety and solders with PTSD.

Marine biologists develop portable kit to preserve coral DNA at sea
A new portable laboratory kit devel­oped by sci­en­tists at Northeastern University and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration extracts tissue and pre­serves the sam­ples' DNA in record time, per­mit­ting the sci­en­tists to archive large amounts of the pre­cious genetic mate­rial while in the field on expeditions.

Searching for the connections between art and science
As part of a growing scientific emphasis on understanding the brain, a University of Houston researcher is studying what happens as people create and contemplate art and beauty.

Penn team: Sustained remission of multiple myeloma after personalized cellular therapy
A multiple myeloma patient whose cancer had stopped responding after nine different treatment regimens experienced a complete remission after receiving an investigational personalized cellular therapy known as CTL019 developed by a team at the University of Pennsylvania.

Ant communication: Secrets of the antennae
A Japanese research group has identified chemosensory proteins (CSPs) that play important roles in communications between worker ants.

How do migrating birds avoid predators while fueling up?
Birds stopping for a break during their grueling migratory flights face a difficult tradeoff: They need to fuel up with food as efficiently as possible, but they need to avoid predators while they do it.

Reconstructing a vanished bird community from the Ice Age
Visit Peru's Talara Tar Seeps today and you'll see a desert, but 15,000 years ago, the area was grassland and forest, roamed by dire wolves and saber-toothed cats.

Pride can keep you on track or send you off the rails
New research explores how aspects of personal pride can reinforce discipline or make us want to pamper ourselves.

Study: Easy explanations for life's inequities lead to support for the status quo
What if you heard that on planet Teeku, the Blarks were a lot richer than the Orps, and you had to guess why?

Effects of MVA85A vaccine on tuberculosis
The new vaccine was a virus-expressing antigen 85A designed to boost the immunity offered by the existing Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine which has little protective effect in practice.

Cells from human umbilical cord blood improve cognition in Alzheimer's disease model mice
Over several months, researchers treated Alzheimer's disease modeled mice with human umbilical cord-derived monocytes followed by behavioral evaluation and biochemical and histological analyses.

Science provides new way to peer into pores
Rice University scientists combine techniques to create a new way to characterize the nanoscale spaces in porous materials.

Rise in disability benefits for children with mental disorders consistent with population trends
The percentage of poor children who received federal disability benefits for at least one of 10 major mental disorders increased from 1.88 percent in 2004 to 2.09 percent in 2013, and such growth is consistent with and proportionate to trends in the prevalence of diagnosed mental disorders among children in the general US population, says a new report of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Stanford study proves pipeline replacement programs are effective
Replacing older natural gas pipelines curbs leaks and improves consumer safety.

Astronomers discover how lowly dwarf galaxy becomes star-forming powerhouse
Astronomers using ALMA have discovered an unexpected population of compact interstellar clouds hidden within the nearby dwarf irregular galaxy WLM.

NOAA: El Niño may accelerate nuisance flooding
According to a new NOAA report issued today, many mid-Atlantic and West Coast communities could see the highest number of nuisance flooding days on record through April due to higher sea levels and more frequent storm surge, compounded by the strengthening El Niño, which is likely to continue into the spring.

Making pharmaceuticals that degrade before they can contaminate drinking water
In recent years, researchers have realized that many products, including pharmaceuticals, have ended up where they're not supposed to be -- in our drinking water.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Etau drench Japan
NASA's GPM core satellite passed over Tropical Storm Etau as it moved across central Japan, dropping heavy rain.

How hashtags and @ symbols affect language on Twitter
Study shows when tweeters use hashtags, they tend to be more formal and drop the use of abbreviations and emoticons.

NASA saw Linda's hurricane-force winds up to 30 miles from center
Hurricane Linda is rapidly weakening after reaching major hurricane status in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

NASA sees former tropical storm bow out 'Grace-fully'
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over former Tropical Storm Grace and saw the storm had weakened into an open wave of low pressure.

Capturing introns: Targeting rapidly evolving regions of the genome for phylogenetics
Researchers have developed a technique to capture rapidly evolving genomic regions to understand evolutionary relationships among closely related species.

Researchers reawaken sleeping HIV in patient cells to eliminate the virus
An emerging class of drugs called Smac mimetics may lead to a safe and effective treatment to eradicate HIV.

NIH awards $2.8 million for study into new ways to detect and treat brain injury
Developing better treatments and an improved understanding of the biology behind brain injury from hemorrhagic strokes is the main goal of a three-year $2.8 million grant to the Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix Children's Hospital, and Barrow Neurological Institute.

Ebola virus disease in Liberia
A newly published research study by US Forest Service researchers demonstrates that the social vulnerability indices used in climate change and natural hazards research can also be used in other contexts such as disease outbreaks.

Discrimination during adolescence has lasting effect on body
In both blacks and whites, everyday feelings of discrimination can mess with the body's levels of the primary stress hormone, cortisol, new research suggests.

Indiana University launches $300 million Grand Challenges research program
Indiana University will invest at least $300 million over the next five years in a Grand Challenges research program to develop transformative solutions for some of the planet's most pressing problems.

Association of low resting heart rate in men and increased violent criminality
A low resting heart rate in late adolescence was associated with increased risk for violent criminality in men later in life, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Brain plasticity in the most dreaded biblical disease
A new study shows that nerve damage caused by leprosy is associated to changes in the brain of patients.

Spheroid stem cell production sows hope for IPF treatment
In a small pilot study, researchers from North Carolina State University have demonstrated a rapid, simple way to generate large numbers of lung stem cells for use in disease treatment.

Grant to help increase biofuel yield while limiting fertilizer use
Michigan State University has earned a $5 million grant from the US Department of Energy to better understand how biofuel crops acquire nitrogen, insights that could help maximize yields while minimizing fertilizer use.

A brutal hunger
Viewed from today, war in the distant past seems almost tidy: Armies clashed, the victors marched into history and the losers faded from memory.

UMD receives $1.8 million grant to improve genomic data analysis tools
A University of Maryland genomics expert has been awarded a $1.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to expand the functionality of open source data visualization software that can help identify genomic markers for cancer and other diseases.

Study reveals need for better understanding of water use
A new study reveals a pressing need to better understand water use in America's rivers, with implications for drought-stricken regions of the country.

NASA takes an infrared baby picture of Atlantic's Tropical Depression 8
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a 'baby picture' of the eighth tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Season.

Bats may use bidirectional echolocation to detect prey, orient themselves
The barbastelle bat may emit two different types of weak echolocation signals alternately, one upward through the nose and one downward through the mouth, to find prey while undetected and to sufficiently keep track of the environment, respectively.

Some things are too good to be true: Lycaenid butterfly larvae manipulate ants
Project Assistant Professor Hojo Masaru of Kobe University, Graduate School of Science, and joint research groups at the University of the Ryukyus and Harvard University have discovered that lycaenid butterfly larvae, which are in a symbiotic relationship with ants, can control the effect of dopamine by supplying the ants with nectar.

Clinical trial using immunotherapy drug combinations to treat lung cancer appears safe
Pembrolizumab, an immunotherapy drug that unmasks cancer cells and allows the body's immune system to destroy tumors, appears to be safe in treating lung cancers, according to a study by Cancer Treatment Centers of America at Western Regional Medical Center.

Making IoT configuration more secure and easy to use
With an ever increasing number of everyday objects from our homes, workplaces and even from our wardrobes, getting connected to the Internet, known as the 'Internet of Things,' researchers from the University of Southampton have identified easy-to-use techniques to configure IoT objects, to make them more secure and hence help protect them from online attacks.

Stars align for the future of the Heidelberg Laureate Forum
For the third consecutive year, the recipients of the most prestigious prizes in mathematics and computer science met at the annual Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF) to network with promising young researchers in their fields.

Epicolactones -- the 8-step path
LMU chemists report the first total synthesis of the natural product epicolactone, which is found in certain species of endophytic fungi.

Tree planting can harm ecosystems
Although trees are widely promoted to sequester carbon and to meet forest restoration goals, misplaced tree planting and forest expansion in ancient savannas and grasslands threaten biodiversity and ecosystem services.

UQ scientists close in on first dengue treatment
Clinical trials for a dengue fever treatment could start within a year, following a discovery by University of Queensland scientists.

Should wilderness athletes have pre-participation exams? CJSM special issue shares expert updates
Getting a sports pre-participation exam (PPE) is a familiar preseason ritual for student athletes.

What's behind million-dollar crop failures in oil palm? Would you believe bad karma?
What has spoiled tens upon tens of thousands of fledgling oil palm plants at elite corporate plantations in Malaysia and elsewhere in Southeast Asia over the last three decades?

Older kids less likely to have car seats checked for safety than infants
Less than a quarter of car seat and booster checks analyzed were conducted in children ages four and older.

Battery-free smart camera nodes automatically determine their own pose and location
Scientists at Disney Research and the University of Washington have shown that a network of energy-harvesting sensor nodes equipped with onboard cameras can automatically determine each camera's pose and location using optical cues.

Study: Physician-patient decision making may differ in care of racial/ethnic minorities
Racial and ethnic inequalities in medical care are widely documented in literature.

Preventing chromosomal chaos: Protein-based genome-stabilizing mechanism discovered
An international team has determined that the protein lamin A plays a central role in maintaining genomic structural stability.

Study points to a possible new pathway toward a vaccine against MRSA
New research led by NYU Langone Medical Center has uncovered why a particular strain of Staphylococcus aureus -- known as HA-MRSA -- becomes more deadly than other variations.

$1.85 million NIH grant funds project to study virus interaction with the immune system and identify poxvirus
A $1.85 million National Institutes of Health grant is funding a research project that is looking at a family of viruses that have the potential to be the next smallpox as well as an effective weapon against cancer.

USC researcher receives grant to study ALS target
Ten percent of all patients with two neurodegenerative diseases -- frontotemperal dementia and amyolateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease -- possess a mutation in the same gene.

Study defines clinical trials likely to exclude patients with brain metastases
A CU Cancer Center study being presented at the 16th World Conference on Lung Cancer defines characteristics of cancer clinical trials that are likely to exclude patients with brain metastases.

New video series 'Beyond the Desktop' explores potential of 3-D printing
The Wilson Center's Science and Technology Innovation Program is releasing a five-episode video series looking at the potential for additive manufacturing to transform how we build things.

This week from AGU: Mercury's spin, New Zealand fault, early-career scientists and research
This week from AGU are studies on Mercury's spin, the New Zealand fault, early-career scientists and other new research papers.

Ocean life triggers ice formation in clouds
Researchers have shown for the first time that phytoplankton (plant life) in remote ocean regions can contribute to rare airborne particles that trigger ice formation in clouds.

Media, Twitter users racially stereotyped Richard Sherman after controversial interview
Researchers at the MU School of Journalism analyzed the public reaction to NFLer Richard Sherman's controversial 2014 remarks and found that professional media defended Sherman while the majority of Twitter commenters denounced Sherman's remarks.

Study finds children eat healthier at daycare centers than at home
A new study finds that preschoolers consume more calories and fewer fruits and vegetables outside of child care centers.

Caterpillar deceives corn plant into lowering defenses against it
In a deception that likely has evolved over thousands of years, a caterpillar that feeds on corn leaves induces the plant to turn off its defenses against insect predators, allowing the caterpillar to eat more and grow faster, according to chemical ecologists in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

ASTRO awards $33,500 in grants to 41 researchers at 2015 Annual Meeting
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected 41 recipients to receive a total of $33,500 for the 2015 Annual Meeting Abstract Awards.

External brain stimulation temporarily improves motor symptoms in people with Parkinson's
People with Parkinson's disease tend to slow down and decrease the intensity of their movements even though many retain the ability to move quickly and forcefully.

$10 million in federal grants to study botanicals for human health
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received a five-year, $9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue its research into the safety and efficacy of botanical dietary supplements for women's health and another $1.2 million over five years to develop new chemical and biological approaches to the investigation of natural products.

Hybrid solar cell converts both light and heat from sun's rays into electricity (video)
Scientists have developed a new hybrid, solar-energy system that harnesses the full spectrum of the sun's radiation by pairing a photovoltaic cell with polymer films.

Female cowbirds pay attention to cowbird nestling survival, study finds
Brown-headed cowbirds have a reputation for being deadbeat parents: They lay their eggs in other birds' nests and then disappear, the story goes, leaving the care and feeding of their offspring to an unwitting foster family.

Game-changing technology enables faster, cheaper gene editing
Within the past few years, a new technology has made altering genes in plants and animals much easier than before.

Researchers receive Facebook grant to study cyberbullying and teen dating violence
A researcher from Florida Atlantic University and his collaborator have received a grant from the Digital Trust Foundation, formed by Facebook, to conduct a study to illuminate the nationwide prevalence, frequency and scope of cyberbullying and electronic dating violence among a population of youth.

Major European study moves a step closer to treatments for severe asthma
Initial findings from a major European study have helped identify key characteristics of severe asthma, which will help with the development of new treatments for patients with the condition.

Researchers mine information from next-generation subsurface flow simulations
Virginia Tech researcher James McClure and his research team are using resources at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility located at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to improve understanding of transport phenomena in multiphase systems.

A hint of increased brain tumor risk -- 5 years before diagnosis
A new study suggests that changes in immune function can occur as long as five years before the diagnosis of a brain tumor that typically produces symptoms only three months before it is detected.

Researchers discuss treating neurological disorders with neural stem cells
This book summarizes the current knowledge on neural stem cell activity and the functional significance of adult neurogenesis in health and disease; susceptibility and plasticity of neural stem cells to drugs of abuse and anesthesia; neural stem cell therapy for Parkinson's disease, stroke, temporal lobe epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease and spinal cord injury; and manufacturing of donor neural cells for cell therapy via directed differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells.

Stress main cause of smoking after childbirth
Mothers who quit smoking in pregnancy are more likely to light up again after their baby is born if they feel stressed.

Major complications, delirium associated with adverse events after elective surgery in older adults
Among patients 70 years or older who underwent elective surgery, major complications contributed significantly to a prolonged length of hospital stay while delirium contributed significantly to several adverse outcomes, including length of stay and hospital readmission, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

New enzyme-replacement therapy shows promise for genetic lipid disease treatment
In this week's New England Journal of Medicine, researchers report results of a trial showing the efficacy of a new enzyme-replacement therapy for lysosomal acid lipase deficiency.

Study IDs viral protein that causes dengue shock
UC Berkeley scientists have identified a viral protein secreted by cells infected with the dengue virus as a key culprit behind the fluid loss and resulting shock that are the hallmark of severe -- and potentially fatal -- infections.

A new marker for migraine?
Researchers may have discovered a new marker found in the blood for episodic migraine, according to a study published in the Sept.

Low rate secondary surgeries for removal, revision of vaginal mesh slings for stress urinary incontinence
A follow-up of nearly 60,000 women who received a synthetic vaginal mesh sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence finds the risk is low for needing a second surgery for mesh removal or revision (about one in 30 women 10 years after surgery), according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Patients prefer relief from lower back pain over improved mobility
A new study out today in the journal Neurology examines the question of quality of life for individuals with a common form of lower back pain called lumbar spinal stenosis.

Researchers shed light on potential shield from Alzheimer's
A University of Kansas team has published a breakthrough investigation of a seemingly protective 'apolipoprotein' created by the ApoE gene -- a gene associated with Alzheimer's disease risk.

Adam Matthew launches vitally important research collection on early American history
Award-winning digital publisher Adam Matthew has today announced the launch of 'Colonial America' -- the complete CO5 files from The National Archives, UK, 1606-1822.

Academies announce winners of 2015 Communication Awards
The recipients of the 2015 Communication Awards were announced today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

New study shows smoking doesn't always mean a shortened life span or cancer
Not all smokers experience early mortality, and a small proportion manage to survive to extreme ages.

Natural compound could reduce breast cancer risk in some women
The odds of women being diagnosed with breast cancer increase in postmenopausal women who have taken a combined estrogen and progestin hormone replacement therapy; these women also have an increased risk of developing progestin-accelerated breast tumors.

Designer molecule shines a spotlight on mysterious 4-stranded DNA
A small fluorescent molecule has shed new light on knots of DNA thought to play a role in regulating how genes are switched on and off.

Higher-earning men would take a pay cut to spend more time with partners
Most men in Europe want to spend fewer hours at work and more time with their families even though it would cut their income, a major study on employment shows.

Origin of Saturn's F ring and its shepherd satellites revealed
HYODO Ryuki, a second-year student in the Doctoral Program, and Professor OHTSUKI Keiji of the Graduate School of Science at Kobe University have revealed that Saturn's F ring and its shepherd satellites are natural outcome of the final stage of formation of Saturn's satellite system.

New Ebola test could help curb disease spread
A new Ebola test that uses magnetic nanoparticles could help curb the spread of the disease in western Africa.

Paying farmers to help the environment works, but 'perverse' subsidies must be balanced
First analysis of effectiveness of agri-environment schemes measured at a national level suggests that they work, but are still a drop in the ocean compared to huge government subsidies received by farming industries for environmentally damaging practices.

Kessler Foundation scientist awarded $198,000 for neuroimaging study of recovery after SCI
The New Jersey Commission on Spinal Cord Research awarded $198,000 over two years to Zhiguo (Tony) Jiang, Ph.D., research scientist at Kessler Foundation, to examine the efficacy of using diffusion tensor imaging in assessing recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI).

Routinely screen those older than 70 for brain health, world expert panel advises
In a consensus paper, a global panel of leading aging experts suggests physicians routinely screen everyone older than 70 annually for cognitive problems.

NASA's RapidScat sees Typhoon Kilo hold strength
Typhoon Kilo is maintaining strength as it continues to move through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Northeastern secures $20 million agreement with US Army to conduct defense research
The $20.4 million cooperative agreement provides a unique mechanism for Northeastern to obtain expedited funding for research in designing and developing advanced engineered materials with security applications, and expands on the university's leadership in security and resilience research.

Alzheimer's puts heavier economic burden on women
Women are not only at greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) when compared to men; per capita, they also bear six times the cost of AD care that men do, reports a study published today in the journal Women's Health Issues.

Physicists catch a magnetic wave that offers promise for more energy-efficient computing
A team of physicists has taken pictures of a theorized but previously undetected magnetic wave, the discovery of which offers the potential to be an energy-efficient means to transfer data in consumer electronics.

UTSA researcher receives Department of Army grant to catch bad guys
Qi Tian wants computer science to make the world a better place, and not in the way you might think.

NFL fans and ESPN reporters overly optimistic about team prospects
US fans of the National Football League and sports reporters assigned to specific teams have unrealistic expectations about how well their team will perform, finds new research from UCL and Oxford University.

How the 'heat' compound from chili peppers could help kill cancer cells
Capsaicin, the compound responsible for chilis' heat, is used in creams sold to relieve pain, and recent research shows that in high doses, it kills prostate cancer cells.

Mothers use variety of strategies to mitigate risks to daughters' body image -- Ben-Gurion University
'All the mothers interviewed concurred that they bear some responsibility for their daughters' weight, socialization to accepted gender roles and general well being,' explains BGU researcher Dr.

Fighting customs fraud: JRC research leads to new legislation
A new regulation adopted by the European Parliament and the Council will allow customs to access information to track the origins and routes of cargo containers arriving in the EU.

Brief bouts of exercise begin to reverse heart abnormalities in people with type 2 diabetes
A new study in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) is the first to show that high intensity intermittent exercise training improves heart structure and benefits diabetes control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

One step towards faster organic electronics
For years we have believed that ordered polymer chains increase the conductivity of plastic.

Greece shows its support for the fight against bone, muscle and joint diseases
Patient society representatives from all regions of the world will gather in Athens, Greece for the opening of the 15th IOF Worldwide Conference of Osteoporosis Patient Societies on Friday, Sept.

New edition of 'The Menopause Guidebook' helps women looking for facts, not myths
There is much debate surrounding how a woman entering the stages of menopause, or in the throes of this life stage, can or should manage symptoms, and now there are more options than ever before, adding extra confusion to the mix.

Android widgets may boost effectiveness of sleep-monitoring apps
An effective smartphone application should make data collection easy, but not so easy that the user forgets to access and reflect on that information, according to a team of researchers.

High rate of Texas bugs carrying Chagas disease
A deadly parasite that causes Chagas disease is widespread in a common Texas insect, according to a new study by University of Texas at El Paso researchers.

Michigan 'See You in 7' program helps reduce heart failure readmissions
Michigan hospitals participating in the American College of Cardiology's 'See You in 7' program demonstrated important reductions in 30-day readmission rates for Medicare heart failure patients when compared to non-participating hospitals despite only modest increases in seven-day follow-up appointments, according to a study today in JACC: Heart Failure.

The Industrial Revolution put an end to 1,800 years of ocean cooling
The high frequency and magnitude of volcanic eruptions could have been the cause of the progressive cooling of ocean surfaces over a period of 1,800 years.

Photovoice: A useful method to learn about the food environment
Childhood obesity is linked to diet habits and food environment, but gaining information about these topics from children can often be difficult.

New research confirms how to take better workday breaks
Baylor University research provides a greater understanding of workday breaks and offers suggestions on when, where and how to plan the most beneficial daily escapes from the J-O-B.

Nearly half of testicular cancer risk comes from inherited genetic faults
Almost half of the risk of developing testicular cancer comes from the DNA passed down from our parents, a new study reports.

Immunity study signals new ways to treat liver failure
Patients with liver failure could benefit from a treatment that helps the immune system to combat infections linked to the condition, University of Edinburgh research suggests.

New directions in mental health care for older adults -- update from Harvard Review of Psychiatry
The aging of the population, shifting diagnostic criteria, and new health care policy initiatives are some of the factors driving changes in mental health treatment for older Americans, according to the September special issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

Mindfulness may make memories less accurate
Mindfulness meditation is associated with all sorts of benefits to mental and physical well-being, but a new study suggests that it may also come with a particular downside for memory. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to