Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 11, 2015
Burning remaining fossil fuel could cause 60-meter sea level rise
New work from an international team including Carnegie's Ken Caldeira demonstrates that the planet's remaining fossil fuel resources would be sufficient to melt nearly all of Antarctica if burned, leading to a 50- or 60-meter (160 to 200 foot) rise in sea level.

Study reveals connection between fitness level, brain activity, and executive function
Brain function associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness plays a role in increased cognitive performance in older adults, according to a new study at the University of Illinois.

Inside climate politics
The politics of climate change are often depicted as a simple battle, between environmentalists and particular industries, over government policy.

NASA spots Kilo becoming extra-tropical near Hokkaido, Japan
NASA's Aqua satellite spotted Tropical Storm Kilo brushing the eastern side of Hokkaido, Japan early on Sept.

Best precision yet for neutrino measurements at Daya Bay
Today, the international Daya Bay Collaboration announces new findings on the measurements of neutrinos, paving the way forward for further neutrino research, and confirming that the Daya Bay neutrino experiment continues to be one to watch.

Sedentary lifestyle and overweight weaken arterial health already in childhood
Arterial wall stiffness and reduced arterial dilation are the first signs of cardiovascular diseases that can be measured.

Nano in food and agriculture: Regulations require collaboration to ensure safety
An overview of regulatory solutions worldwide on the use of nanotechnology in food and feed production shows a differing approach: only the EU and Switzerland have nano-specific provisions incorporated in existing legislation, whereas other countries count on non-legally binding guidance and standards for industry.

Extreme pressure causes osmium to change state of matter
Using metallic osmium in experimentation, an international group of researchers have demonstrated that ultra-high pressures cause core electrons to interplay, which results in experimentally observed anomalies in the compression behavior of the material.

Researchers assist in landmark NIH study showing intensive blood pressure management may save lives
More intensive management of high blood pressure, below a commonly recommended blood pressure target, significantly reduces rates of cardiovascular disease, and lowers risk of death in a group of adults 50 years and older with high blood pressure.

Insights into obscure transition uncovered by X-rays
The list of potential mechanisms that underlie an unusual metal-insulator transition has been narrowed by a team of scientists using a combination of X-ray techniques.

Team announces breakthrough observation of Mott transition in a superconductor
An international team of researchers announced today in Science the observation of a dynamic Mott transition in a superconductor.

Making a difference with open source science equipment
Science can be expensive. But making customized scientific equipment doesn't have to be.

Disney Research demonstrates LEDs that use visible light to talk to each other and internet
The light that typically floods homes, offices and public buildings could provide something more than illumination.

Ebola virus mutations may help it evade drug treatment
Genetic mutations called 'escape variants' in the deadly Ebola virus appear to block the ability of antibody-based treatments to ward off infection, according to a team of US Army scientists and collaborators.

UT Arlington Division for Enterprise Development joins industry, council to start two
The University of Texas at Arlington's Division of Enterprise Development has partnered with more than 20 companies and an industry council to create two masonry schools that will address a shortage of masons.

Neural circuit in the cricket brain detects the rhythm of the right mating call
Delay mechanism within elegant brain circuit consisting of just five neurons means female crickets can automatically detect chirps of males from same species.

Stroke patients fare better with private insurance than with Medicaid
Stroke victims who use Medicaid or are uninsured were more likely to die, stay hospitalized longer and have worse medical outcomes than patients with private insurance, a study by University of Florida Health researchers has found.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP sees a lopsided Tropical Storm Henri
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Storm Henri on Sept.

'Lab-on-a-Chip' technology to cut costs of sophisticated tests for diseases and disorders
Rutgers engineers have developed a breakthrough device that can significantly reduce the cost of sophisticated lab tests for medical disorders and diseases, such as HIV, Lyme disease and syphilis.

New memoir collection spotlights the success of black entomologists
A new book published by the Entomological Society of America (ESA) gives an inside look at the childhood, university, and career experiences of 20 successful black entomologists from around the globe, including the challenges they overcame and the mentors who inspired them.

Down but not out -- inhibited Tyk2 retains anti-cancer activity
Tyk2 has an important role in the defense against infections and cancer.

Stellar discovery by Queen's researcher
Ph.D. candidate Matt Shultz has discovered the first massive binary star, epsilon Lupi, in which both stars have magnetic fields.

Too many candidates spoil the stew
This election year has produced 17 Republican presidential candidates, which on its surface may appear to give the party a competitive advantage.

Globally unique double crater identified in Sweden
Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have found traces of two enormous meteorite impacts in the Swedish county of Jämtland, a twin strike that occurred around 460 million years ago.

Study: No sex differences in research funding at Johns Hopkins Department of Medicine
Though national data suggest that women researchers are less likely to obtain independent research funding than men, a study published in the Journal of Women's Health found that male and female researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine are funded at nearly the same rate.

Pressure to be cool and look good is detrimental to many children
The pressure to be cool, look good and own the 'right stuff' is detrimental to many children and teenagers, according to new research by University of Sussex psychologists.

Periodontitis and heart disease: Researchers connect the molecular dots
Periodontitis is a risk factor for heart disease. Now a team of researchers has shown that a periodontal pathogen causes changes in gene expression that boost inflammation and atherosclerosis in aortic smooth muscle cells.

Short lunch periods in schools linked with less healthy eating
Students with less than 20 minutes to eat school lunches consume significantly less of their entrées, milk, and vegetables than those who aren't as rushed, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Large eyes come at a high cost
Researchers from Lund University in Sweden have shown that well-developed eyes come at a surprising cost to other organ systems.

UK researchers find 'dormant' parasite cysts are actually quite active
A new University of Kentucky study in the journal mBio shows that tissue cysts of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, long thought to be dormant, are quite active.

Resveratrol impacts Alzheimer's disease biomarker
The largest nationwide clinical trial to study high-dose resveratrol long-term in people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease found that a biomarker that declines when the disease progresses was stabilized in people who took the purified form of resveratrol.

ASN Kidney Week 2015: Translating kidney research advances to improve patient care
The world's largest gathering of kidney health professionals, ASN Kidney Week 2015, will take place November 3 to 8 at the San Diego Convention Center.

Remnants of ex-Tropical Storm Linda spreading inland
NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw the remnants of former Tropical Storm Linda begin to spread inland over the northern Baja Peninsula of Mexico, and they are expected to affect the southwestern US over the next couple of days.

Diet beverage drinkers compensate by eating unhealthy food, study finds
A new study that examined the dietary habits of more than 22,000 US adults found that diet-beverage consumers may compensate for the absence of calories in their drinks by noshing on extra food that is loaded with sugar, sodium, fat and cholesterol.

Study shows Africanized bees continue to spread in California
A study conducted by biologists at UC San Diego has found that the Africanized honey bee -- an aggressive hybrid of the European honey bee -- is continuing to expand its range northward since its introduction into Southern California in 1994.

Professor Federico Rosei of INRS invited by Australian Academy of Science to take part in series of public lectures
The Australian Academy of Science recently presented Federico Rosei of the Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre with the 2016 Selby Fellowship.

Predicting tornadoes months or even seasons in advance
A new model developed at U of T Scarborough could help forecast tornado activity months in advance.

Innovative imaging technique reveals new cellular secrets
A team of researchers from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research and the University of Colorado Boulder has devised a novel optical technique -- a combination of structured illumination microscopy and single-particle averaging -- to resolve individual components of SPB duplication in living yeast cells.

Burning all fossil energy would eliminate all ice of Antarctica
Burning all of the world's available fossil-fuel resources would result in the complete melting of the Antarctic ice sheet, a new study to be published in Science Advances shows.

An antibody that can attack HIV in new ways
Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) are thought to be the future for treating and preventing HIV infections.

Young male cyclists are the most likely to die after being involved in a traffic accident
Scientists analyzed the government records of 50,042 cyclists involved in traffic accidents in Spain between 1993 and 2009.

Achieving effective health care with a new approach to caring for chronic illnesses
Researchers from the University of Miami and Harvard University address the challenges of effective universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries, focusing on solving one of the most pressing issues: the care of chronic illnesses.

Montefiore and Einstein receive $3.9 million NCI Calabresi grant
Montefiore Einstein Center for Cancer Care and the NCI-designated Albert Einstein Cancer Center today announced receipt of a $3.93 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health for the prestigious Paul Calabresi Career Development Award for Clinical Oncology.

Wavelets improve medical imaging
An approach to converting the data from MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) machines, mammograms and other medical equipment gives doctors a much clearer picture of your insides and a chance to detect disease and other problems earlier, according to research published in the International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology.

New pharmacy, medical school partnership seeks better, safer medications?
St. Louis College of Pharmacy and Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Ebola post-crisis: Lessons for improving global health security
The Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa ultimately spurred an unprecedented response, yet also revealed the incoherence and inequity of the global health system.

More time for school lunches equals healthier choices for kids
Elementary and middle school students who are given at least 25 minutes to eat lunch are more likely to choose fruits and consume more of their entrees, milk, and vegetables according to a new study released in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Study supports aggressive treatment of high blood pressure, says ACC president
This is a statement from American College of Cardiology President Kim Allan Williams Sr., M.D., FACC, regarding the National Institutes of Health stopping the SPRINT trial early after demonstrating the positive benefits of lower blood pressure control targets.

New epigenetic study reveals exciting insights into colorectal cancer progression
Researchers at Nanjing University, China, found new epigenetic markers for colorectal cancer which may offer a new approach for treatment.

NIH renews $15 million systems vaccinology grant to Emory for improving vaccine success
The National Institutes of Health has awarded an Emory-led research consortium $15 million over five years for renewal of a grant aimed at better understanding and improving human immune responses to vaccination.

Cancer patient receives 3-D printed ribs
A Spanish cancer patient has received a 3-D printed titanium sternum and rib implant.

A better class of cancer drugs
A class of therapeutic drugs known as protein kinase inhibitors has become a powerful weapon in the fight against various life-threatening diseases.

Scientists learn how to predict plant size
VIB/UGent scientists have developed a new method allowing them to predict the final size of plants while it is still a seedling.

Best precision yet for neutrino measurements at Daya Bay
Today, the international Daya Bay Collaboration announces new findings on the measurements of neutrinos, paving the way forward for further neutrino research, and confirming that the Daya Bay neutrino experiment continues to be one to watch.

Cancer treatment outcomes are influenced by genetics and race, according to new study
A new study published in Pharmacogenomics suggests that a person's response to anticancer drug treatments is strongly related to their genetic ancestry.

12th Mainz International Colloquium on Ancient Hebrew (MICAH) & The Idea of Writing
The Research Unit on Ancient Hebrew and Epigraphy at the Faculty of Protestant Theology at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany will hold the 12th Mainz International Colloquium on Ancient Hebrew in association with the annual 'The Idea of Writing' meeting from Thursday, Oct.

Case Western Reserve scientists discover a genetic mechanism for cancer progression
Genetics researchers from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine have identified a novel long non-coding RNA, dubbed DACOR1, that has the potential to stymie the growth of tumor cells in the second-most deadly form of cancer in the US -- colorectal cancer.
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