Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 14, 2015
Smokers at higher risk of losing their teeth, research shows
A new study has confirmed that regular smokers have a significantly increased risk of tooth loss.

World has lost 3 percent of its forests since 1990
The globe's forests have shrunk by three per cent since 1990 -- an area equivalent to the size of South Africa -- despite significant improvements in conservation over the past decade.

UTHealth researcher awarded CDC grant to study Chagas disease in Texas
A researcher at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health was awarded a five-year, $544,329 grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct outreach and education on Chagas disease in South Texas.

GW participates in landmark study; blood pressure management can reduce heart disease death
Dominic Raj, M.D., director of the Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension and professor of medicine at the George Washington University, participated in a multi-site landmark study finding cardiovascular disease morbidity is significantly reduced through intensive management of high blood pressure.

Building the electron superhighway
University of Vermont scientists have invented a new way to view and create what they are calling 'an electron superhighway' in an organic semiconductor.

Low vitamin D level predicts cognitive decline in older population
Low levels of vitamin D are linked to an increased rate of cognitive loss in older adults.

Mediterranean diet plus olive oil associated with reduced breast cancer risk
Eating a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil was associated with a relatively lower risk of breast cancer in a study of women in Spain, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

New leukemia gene stops blood cells 'growing up'
Scientists have identified a gene -- FOXC1 -- that, if switched on, causes more aggressive cancer in a fifth of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients, according to a Cancer Research UK study published in the journal Cancer Cell, today.

Alzheimer's-disease-related proteases control axonal guidance by regulating growth cone dynamics
BACE1 is the major drug target for Alzheimer's disease, but we know surprisingly little about its normal function in the CNS.

An even more versatile optical chip
Telecommunication networks will soon have to exploit the quantum properties of light.

International award for Oriol Romero-Isart
Oriol Romero-Isart, University of Innsbruck, is awarded the QIPC Young Investigator Award 2015 for his seminal contributions to many interdisciplinary topics in quantum physics, this week in Leeds, Great Britain.

Whole genome-sequencing uncovers new genetic cause for osteoporosis
Using one of the world's most extensive genetics data sets, an international research team led by Dr.

Researchers find major gaps in understanding risks, benefits of eating fish
Fish tissue is rarely measured for concentrations of both harmful contaminants and healthful nutrients across a range of species and geographic regions, say a Dartmouth researcher and her colleagues who reviewed the risks and benefits of eating seafood.

Lung 'filtering' technique can reduce transplant rejection
University of Manchester researchers have used a new technique to recondition poorly functioning lungs and remove donor white blood cells in an attempt to increase the number of lungs available for transplant, and at the same time reduce the risk of acute rejection.

Panel releases guide for appropriate use of PICCs
An international panel of experts applied the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method to develop criteria for use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs).

Van Andel Research Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory to develop lung cancer model
Van Andel Research Institute and Los Alamos National Laboratory collaborate to develop a detailed computational model to study lung cancer.

The Lancet: Study reveals England's improving health performance compared to other wealthy countries
In 2013, England performed better than average on a variety of key health outcomes compared with 18 other high-income countries in the European Union, and Australia, Canada, Norway, and the USA (EU15+), according to new research published in The Lancet.

First realization of an electric circuit with a magnetic insulator using spin waves
Researchers at the University of Groningen, Utrecht University, the Université de Bretagne Occidentale and the FOM Foundation have found that it is possible to make an electric circuit with a magnetic insulator.

You're not irrational, you're just quantum probabilistic
The next time someone accuses you of making an irrational decision, just explain that you're obeying the laws of quantum physics.

Swinging on 'monkey bars': Motor proteins caught in the act
The first images of motor proteins in action are published in the journal Nature Communications on Sept.

10K genomes project explores contribution of rare variants to human disease and risk factors
The largest population genome sequencing effort to date is published in Nature.

Tall and slim: They go together, genetic study shows
University of Queensland scientists have found a genetic basis for height and body mass differences between European populations.

Three new studies converge on promising new target for addiction treatment
The latest issue of Biological Psychiatry presents the results of three studies implicating metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGluR2) as a new molecular target for the treatment of addiction.

Viruses flourish in guts of healthy babies
Bacteria aren't the only nonhuman invaders to colonize the gut shortly after a baby's birth.

Will pembrolizumab improve recurrence-free survival for patients with high-risk melanoma?
A recently opened double- blind phase III EORTC trial 1325 will prospectively assess whether post-operative adjuvant therapy with pembrolizumab, an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, improves recurrence-free survival as compared to placebo in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma.

Study examines role of vegetable food pairings in school plate waste
A study led by a team of Texas A&M University System researchers found school meals paired with popular vegetables are less likely to wind up in garbage bins.

Seismic signature of small underground chemical blasts linked to gas released in explosion
After analyzing the seismic waves produced by small underground chemical explosions at a test site in Vermont, scientists say that some features of seismic waves could be affected by the amount of gas produced in the explosion.

Findings could shed light on cancer, aging
Researchers have found molecular evidence of how a biochemical process controls the lengths of protective chromosome tips, a potentially significant step in ultimately understanding cancer growth and aging.

UCI study uncovers anticonvulsant effects of valproic acid
University of California, Irvine researchers with the School of Medicine have identified the mechanism by which valproic acid controls epileptic seizures, and by doing so, also revealed an underlying factor of seizures.

Switched before birth: Study shows protein creates tumor-fighting cells
Revealing a biological combat strategy worthy of a five-star general, researchers from Houston Methodist Hospital, University of Chicago and Cornell University have shown how a cell surface receptor -- a specialized protein which communicates signals between a cell and the outside world -- can mobilize immune cells to attack, rather than protect, malignant tumors.

Size matters -- the more DNA the better
A new study from researchers at Uppsala University shows that variation in genome size may be much more important than previously believed.

PharmaMar shows new data for YONDELIS and PM1183 in soft tissue sarcoma and solid tumors at ECC 2015
PharmaMar showcases new data for anticancer compounds in soft tissue sarcoma and advanced solid tumors at the European Cancer Congress 2015 in Vienna.

Leading heat & mass transfer scientist John Thome publishes Encyclopedia
Leading heat and mass transfer scientist John R Thome has published his latest twin-set 'Encyclopedia of Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Flow I - Fundamentals and Methods' and 'Encyclopedia of Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Flow II - Special Topics and Applications' with World Scientific.

Biodiesel made easier and cleaner with waste-recycling catalyst
Researchers at Cardiff University have devised a way of increasing the yield of biodiesel by using the waste left over from its production process.

Improving utility smart metering, energy services and conservation
The grant follows a pilot project funded last year by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and carried out by a UMass Amherst team at HG&E that demonstrated how smart electric meters save money and power.

Drug prevents type 1 diabetes in mice, Stanford study finds
A compound that blocks the synthesis of hyaluronan, a substance generally found in in all body tissue, protected mice from getting type 1 diabetes.

Cultivating smart and connected communities
The White House today kicked off the first-ever Smart Cities Week (Sept.

Filling a void in stem cell therapy
A new approach developed by Wyss Core Faculty member David Mooney uses injectable hydrogels to boost the survival of transplanted stem cells and to improve the repair and regeneration of bodily tissues.

University of Iowa receives $10.67 million SPORE grant to study NETs
Researchers at the University of Iowa Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center have received the first-ever Specialized Programs of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant to study neuroendocrine tumors.

GRU among 15 centers awarded federal funding to train physician-scientists in ob-gyn
Georgia Regents University is among 15 institutions in the nation to receive federal funding to help train the next generation of physician-scientists in obstetrics and gynecology.

Molecule made by muscle shown for first time to build bone
Implications for Age-related Bone & Muscle Loss

Transatlantic partnership to develop new treatments for pancreatic cancer
The grant has been awarded under the US-Ireland Research and Development Partnership Programme.

IU scientist and collaborators chart a lost highway in the brain
A part of the brain lost from scientific literature for over a century may be responsible for a key component of perceptionm according to a new study from the IU neuroscientist who was part of the team that rediscovered the forgotten structure.

EORTC and ESSO launch CLIMB for patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases
CLIMB will include all patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma with complex and unresectable metastasis (liver and extra-hepatic) who are potential candidates for a surgical procedure as evaluated by a multi-disciplinary team before any treatment.

Protected areas save mangroves, reduce carbon emissions
Protected areas not only keep significant swaths of Indonesia's shrinking mangrove habitats intact, but also prevent emissions of carbon dioxide that would have been released had these mangroves been cleared, according to a study in the journal Ecological Economics.

A more acidic ocean will bend the mermaid's wineglass
New research from the University of Washington's Friday Harbor Laboratories shows that a more acidic ocean can weaken the protective shell of a delicate alga.

Scientist rescuing vast amounts of vital knowledge on remarkably small budget
A scientist at the University of Virginia School of Medicine is rescuing vast amounts of humanity's knowledge of the submicroscopic world from potential oblivion, making it more accessible than ever before and doing so on a budget many thought impossible.

Birds reveal the evolutionary importance of love
Humans are extremely choosy when it comes to mating, only settling down after a long screening process involving nervous flirtations, awkward dates, humiliating rejections and the occasional lucky strike.

Virginia Tech researchers work to improve antibiotic effectiveness
Virginia Tech researchers have discovered a new group of antibiotics that may provide relief to some of the more than 2 million people in the United States affected by antibiotic resistance.

Increased memory with a flash of light
In South Korea, a research team led by Won Do Heo, associate professor at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and group leader at the IBS Center for Cognition and Sociality, together with Professor Yong-Mahn Han and Professor Daesoon Kim, have refined the process for precision control of cellular calcium (Ca2+) channels in living organisms with their new OptoSTIM1 molecule.

Elite tennis players feel the heat at Australian Open as summers intensify
Melbourne summer temperatures have been steadily climbing over the past 25 years, but even more so during the two weeks of the Australian Open in late January, new data analysis reveals.

The 2015 von Kaven Award to be presented to Tobias Oertel-Jäger
Dr. Tobias Henrik Oertel-Jäger has won the 2015 von Kaven Award presented by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Diabetic women at 34 percent higher risk of heart attack than diabetic men as they age
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Stockholm shows that diabetic women are more at risk than diabetic men of having a heart attack and other complications as they age.

Studies covering 11 million patients show diabetic women around 40 percent more likely to suffer severe heart problems than diabetic men
A systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 studies containing almost 11 million patients shows that diabetic women are around 40 percent more likely to suffer acute coronary syndromes (heart attack or angina) than diabetic men.

Elephants born when mothers are stressed age faster and produce fewer offspring
Elephants born into stressful situations have fewer offspring and age faster, researchers at the University of Sheffield have found.

Solo grandparents raising grandchildren at greater risk than parents for serious health problems
Single grandparents raising grandchildren are more vulnerable to poor physical and mental health than are single parents, according to a study recently published in Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research.

Long sleep and high blood copper levels go hand in hand
Persons sleeping less than six hours or more than 10 hours suffer from low-grade inflammation more often than persons sleeping seven to eight hours per night.

Queen's researcher finds evidence of emotional 'load sharing' in close relationships
New research out of Queen's University has found evidence of emotional load sharing between partners in a close relationship.

It's time to stop thinking in terms of food versus fuel
In a recent article, published by the National Academy of Engineering, University of Illinois' Gutgsell Endowed Chair of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences Steve Long and University of California's Philomathia Professor of Alternative Energy Chris Somerville predict farmers can sustainably, and affordably, meet humanity's growing demand for food and fuel.

NSF awards $2.2 million to Lehigh to study infrastructure system resilience
Lehigh University will receive $2.2 million from the NSF, part of its $20 million investment in fundamental research to strengthen the nation's infrastructure in coordination with the Obama administration's 'Smart Cities' initiative.

Pedaling like a Tour de France winner is a losing strategy for most of us
Pedaling like Chris Froome or Alberto Contador might seem appealing, but researchers have found that for most of us it's likely to reduce rather than improve our cycling performance.

Does social capital explain community-level differences in organ donor designation?
A new study finds that the characteristics of one's community may be as important as individual factors on the decision to become an organ donor.

Rocky planets may be habitable depending on their 'air conditioning system'
The quest for potentially habitable planets is often interpreted as the search for an Earth twin.

Engineer receives rapid NSF support to probe water woes in Flint, Michigan
A Virginia Tech engineer is traveling to Flint, Michigan, this week as part of a National Science Foundation-funded $50,000 one-year study into a 'perfect storm' of water distribution system corrosion problems.

Optogenetics: Light switch generates cellular second messenger
Optogenetics is a quickly expanding field of research which has revolutionized neurobiological and cell biological research around the world.

Study suggests improving blood sugar control could help prevent dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes
A study of 350,000 patients with type 2 diabetes shows that those with poor blood sugar control have 50 percent higher risk of being admitted to hospital in future for dementia as those with good control.

NASA's RapidScat catches a day in the short life of Tropical Storm Vamco
Tropical Storm Vamco lived for two days in the South China Sea.

Loss of cellular energy leads to neuronal dysfunction in neurodegenerative disease model
New research from the Gladstone Institutes shows for the first time that impairments in mitochondria -- the brain's cellular power plants -- can deplete cellular energy levels and cause neuronal dysfunction in a model of neurodegenerative disease.

Ultrasound provides noninvasive hormone-sparing sterilization for male dogs
An Italian research team led by Dr. Raffaella Leoci recently reported in Reproduction in Domestic Animals the best method for using ultrasound to sterilize male dogs.

Heightened injury risk linked to shift length for emergency services clinicians
Working shifts of 16 to 24 hours in length is linked to a 60 percent heightened risk of injury and illness among emergency services (EMS) clinicians, compared to shifts of eight to 12 hours, finds research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Social factors may impact young leukemia patients' survival
A new study reveals that insurance status, marital status, and county-level income may affect the chances of survival in young patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.

Real X-ray vision: See-through brains ready for study
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have developed a new technique for creating transparent tissue that can be used to illuminate 3-D brain anatomy at very high resolutions.

World's longest continental volcano chain in Australia: ANU media release
Scientists have discovered the world's longest known chain of continental volcanoes, running 2,000 kilometres across Australia, from the Whitsundays in North Queensland to near Melbourne in central Victoria.

20-year follow-up of academic EORTC boost no-boost trial earns Best Abstract at ECC 2015
Results of a 20-year follow-up of the academic EORTC 22881-10882 boost no-boost trial presented as a 'Best Abstract' at the European Cancer Congress 2015 in Vienna show that young age, high-grade invasive tumor, and the presence of associated ductal carcinoma in situ were all factors increasing the local recurrence rate.

Crunching numbers to combat cancer
UCSF has received a National Cancer Institute grant of $5 million over the next five years to lead a massive effort to integrate the data from all experimental models across all types of cancer.

Myanmar looks to agroforestry for its uplands
A new project promoting agroforestry as a sustainable alternative to shifting cultivation in the uplands of Myanmar has been received with enthusiasm.

Larger-sized portions, packages and tableware lead to higher consumption of food and drink
A new review has produced the most conclusive evidence to date that people consume more food or non-alcoholic drinks when offered larger sized portions or when they use larger items of tableware.

Strategies to decrease bacterial colonization
Among the bacterial infections that are most difficult to treat, chronic infections associated with bacterial biofilms are one of the most hazardous.

Sierra Nevada snowpack lowest in five centuries
Snowpack in California's Sierra Nevada in 2015 was at the lowest level in the past 500 years, according to a new report led by researchers from the University of Arizona's Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research.

All Children's Hospital gets first national grant from Hearst Foundations to train residents
All Children's Hospital Johns Hopkins Medicine just received its first national grant from the the Hearst Foundations for $100,000.

Globalization is not saving developing countries from inequality
The processes of globalization should have contributed to reduced inequality in the world.

Upslope migration of tropical plants due to climate change
The plants on the highest mountain in Ecuador have migrated more than 500 meters to higher altitudes during the last two centuries.

Larger-sized portions, packages and tableware lead to higher consumption of food and drink
A new review has produced the most conclusive evidence to date that people consume more food or non-alcoholic drinks when offered larger sized portions or when they use larger items of tableware.

Food supply chain topic of symposium
The American Society of Agronomy and the Certified Crop Adviser Program will be hosting a unique event tied to sustainability and its role in the agricultural and food industries.

Boost sports performance with VTT's wearable technology
In cooperation with Finland's national swimming team and archery association, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed wearable technology for improving sports performance.

AHA's 'Life's Simple 7' and diabetes care program reduce risk of heart failure
One in four middle-aged adults who survive to age 85 will develop heart failure, according to current estimates.

Application of new spectroscopy method to capture reactions in photosynthesis
A new spectroscopy method is bringing researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute closer to understanding -- and artificially replicating -- the solar water-splitting reaction at the heart of photosynthetic energy production.

Ioniqa Technologies acquires funding worth 2.5 million for full PET recycling
'Chemical technostarter Ioniqa Technologies has acquired 2.5 million euros' funding, Ioniqa and Chemelot Venturues announced last week.

Widely used software doesn't note differences in care quality among hospital readmissions
The 3M software program, increasingly used to make payments to US hospitals based on readmission rates, doesn't clearly distinguish differences in care quality -- one of the key factors involved in readmission -- between readmissions that are preventable and those that aren't, suggests research published online in BMJ Quality and Safety.

BMJ partners with University of Cape Town to provide local health guidelines
BMJ, one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers, has partnered with the University of Cape Town Lung Institute's Knowledge Translation Unit, to develop and distribute the Practical Approach to Care Kit program to healthcare workers in low to middle income countries.

Take your PICC: New guide aims to decrease dangers from long-term IV devices
More than a billion times a year, American hospital patients get tiny tubes inserted into their veins to deliver medicine and more.

Blacks in all socioeconomic groups have poorer outcomes after heart attack
Low socioeconomic blacks and whites have poorer outcomes after a heart attack.

EORTC trial evaluating functional imaging for patients with non-small cell lung cancer
EORTC trial 1217 has now opened to qualify and quantify imaging biomarkers for this purpose.

International summit on human gene editing to be co-hosted by US, Chinese, UK Academies
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Royal Society (the science academy of the UK) are joining the US National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the US National Academy of Medicine (NAM) in co-hosting an international summit on human gene editing to be held Dec.

WFU researcher receives $6 million NIH grant, largest in university history
A $6 million federal grant, the largest ever awarded to Wake Forest University, will enable health and exercise science researchers to further study knee osteoarthritis and successful treatment measures in community-based settings.

NASA's SDO catches a double photobomb
On Sept. 13, 2015, as NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, kept up its constant watch on the sun, its view was photobombed not once, but twice.

Low vitamin D among the elderly is associated with decline in cognition, dementia
Vitamin D insufficiency among the elderly is highly correlated with accelerated cognitive decline and impaired performance, particularly in domains such as memory loss that are associated with Alzheimer's disease and dementia, researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center and Rutgers University have found.

Modulation of brain cholesterol: A new line of research in Alzheimer's disease treatment?
Two French research teams have just shown, in a rodent model, that overexpressing an enzyme that can eliminate excess cholesterol from the brain may have a beneficial action on the tau component of the disease, and completely correct it.

Low vitamin D associated with faster decline in cognitive function
Vitamin D insufficiency was associated with faster decline in cognitive functions among a group of ethnically diverse older adults, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Rating hospital readmissions
The clinical and social characteristics of a hospital's patient population explain 50 percent of the difference in readmission rates between the best- and the worst-performing hospitals.

Learning is not a spectator sport
MOOC providers currently offer thousands of courses and have enticed millions of students to enroll.

NSF invests $10 million in smart, human-centered service systems
From transportation to health care, service systems make our lives easier and more productive on a daily basis.

Biomedical engineer to present research at Louisiana Tech University lecture series
The New Frontiers in Biomedical Research lecture series will kick-off its third year at Louisiana Tech University on Sept.

Laying the foundation for smart and connected cities and communities
The National Science Foundation announced 12 new projects -- a commitment of $2.5 million -- to help enable a vision for smart and connected cities and communities at a White House event today.

Discovery of a highly efficient catalyst eases way to hydrogen economy
'In the hydrogen evolution reaction, the whole game is coming up with inexpensive alternatives to platinum and the other noble metals,' says Song Jin, a professor of chemistry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Act now to improve the health of women, children and adolescents worldwide, say experts
Societies are failing women, children and adolescents, particularly in the poorest communities around the world, and urgent action is needed to save lives and improve health, say global health experts.

NSF invests $20 million to enhance resilience of critical infrastructure
Americans rely upon critical infrastructure systems to provide services such as clean water, electricity, transportation and healthcare.

Researchers develop key component for terahertz wireless
Researchers at Brown University have developed what they believe to be the first viable strategy for multiplexing radiation in the terahertz range.

Nutritional deficiencies common before weight loss surgery
Malnutrition is a known complication of weight loss surgery, but findings from a small study by researchers at Johns Hopkins show many obese people may be malnourished before they undergo the procedure.

New ORNL catalyst addresses engine efficiency, emissions quandary
A catalyst being developed by researchers could overcome one of the key obstacles still preventing automobile engines from running more cleanly and efficiently.

NSF supports urban-scale instrument to measure city's fitness
The National Science Foundation is awarding $3.1 million to the University of Chicago for a new project to create an innovative community technology platform -- an instrument that can measure environmental data to help assess a city's fitness.

Penn Vet team identifies a form of congenital night blindness in dogs
Working in collaboration with Japanese scientists, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have for the first time found a form of CSNB in dogs.

Population health: Statewide study finds decreasing rates of osteoporosis treatment
A statewide study has found that from 2005 to 2012, fewer than a quarter of men and women with documentation of osteoporosis or fragility fracture, conditions for which national guidelines would recommend treatment for osteoporosis, actually received that treatment.

Drug resistance in cancer patients linked to oxygen-bearing molecules in body, study finds
Increased levels of certain chemically reactive, oxygen-containing molecules in the body can cause patients to become resistant to cancer drugs such as chemotherapy, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

New UT Arlington nursing robot to allow nurses time for more important duties
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineer is building a robotic nurse to help nurses and other healthcare providers perform the more routine duties that must be done daily such as sitting with a patient that is trying to get out of bed and walking a patient.

UGA microbiologists describe new insights into human neurodegenerative disease
Microbiology researchers at the University of Georgia studying a soil bacterium have identified a potential mechanism for neurodegenerative diseases.

The chemistry of addiction (video)
It's a sinister condition that affects millions of Americans: addiction.

Reducing mental health disparities among Hispanic populations
UT Arlington School of Social Work Assistant Professor Katherine Sanchez will use a $400,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to help reduce mental health disparities among Hispanic populations.

2016 to be the International Year of Global Understanding
The International Council for Science, the International Social Science Council and International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences jointly announced today that 2016 would be the International Year of Global Understanding.

Treatment protocol improves outcomes for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome
A new protocol to treat babies born in withdrawal from drugs can be used widely to improve outcomes for these babies.

New method to treat antibiotic resistant MRSA: Bacteriophages
BYU senior molecular biology major Jacob Hatch knows MRSA as the infection that took his dad's leg.

UNITAID and EGPAF launch initiative to significantly scale up early infant HIV diagnosis
UNITAID and the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation today launched an initiative that will dramatically scale up HIV diagnosis among newborns in nine African countries.

Racial disparities in pain children of children with appendicitis in EDs
Black children were less likely to receive any pain medication for moderate pain and less likely to receive opioids for severe pain than white children in a study of racial disparities in the pain management of children with appendicitis in emergency departments, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Combo of 3 antibiotics can kill deadly staph infections
Three antibiotics that, individually, are not effective against a drug-resistant staph infection can kill the deadly pathogen when combined as a trio, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Research advocate's new book to be released on Stem Cell Awareness Day
World Scientific's latest book, Stem Cell Battles: Proposition 71 and Beyond How Ordinary People Can Fight Back against the Crushing Burden of Chronic Disease -- with a Posthumous Foreword by Christopher Reeve, authored by Fremont author Don C.

Video game warnings fall far short in rating tobacco content
Video games are not adequately rated for tobacco content, according to a new UCSF study that found video gamers are being widely exposed to tobacco imagery.

September/October 2015 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of all the original research and commentary published in the September/October 2015 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Larger and private colleges and universities more likely to attract hookah establishments
Larger and private colleges and universities seem to attract hookah cafes and lounges, but smoke-free policies decrease these odds, according to findings published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine this month.

New guideline aims to reduce fractures in seniors in long-term care facilities
A new guideline that aims to prevent fractures in residents of long-term care facilities is targeted at frail seniors and their families as well as health care workers.

New classification system developed for gout
A panel of experts and researchers have developed a new classification system for gout, the most common form of inflammatory arthritis.

Researchers identify gene that determines bone density and fracture risk
Researchers from Harvard-affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research, in collaboration with scientists from a number of international institutes, have identified a genetic variant regulating a gene responsible for bone mineral density and fracture risk.

Gigabit application prototypes to help cities and communities serve citizens better
The United States lags behind most developed countries in terms of high-speed Internet availability.

Research shows evolution in real time
In ongoing research to record the interaction of environment and evolution, a team led by University of California, Riverside biologist David Reznick has found new information illustrating the evolution of a population of guppies.

World's turtles face plastic deluge danger
An international study led by a University of Queensland researcher has revealed more than half the world's sea turtles have ingested plastic or other human rubbish. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to