Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 18, 2015
Interactive health data plus incentives may help lower BP and create lasting changes
Taking small steps with an interactive health platform improved blood pressure, earned incentives.

Beetroot juice improves sprinting and decision-making during exercise
As excitement mounts for the Rugby World Cup, the research, published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology and available on PubMed, adds further weight to the case for beetroot juice as a superfood for elite both elite and amateur sports players and athletes.

Personal profile, not neighborhood factors, determines who calls EMS for stroke
A study published online yesterday in Annals of Emergency Medicine found that neighborhood characteristics like poverty, the number of older adults living in the area and violent crime matter much less than stroke severity when it comes to seeking prompt treatment for stroke ('Neighborhood Influences on Emergency Medicine Services Use for Acute Stroke - A Population-Based Cross Sectional Study').

Pediatric neurosurgeon appointed to endowed chair for epilepsy research
Dr. Gary Mathern has been named by UCLA as the inaugural holder of the Dr.

The Leopoldina Annual Assembly: Symmetry and Asymmetry in Science and Art
'Symmetry and Asymmetry in Science and Art' -- this topic is the focus of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina´s Annual Assembly.

Repairing the brain
Research led by scientists from Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore has linked the abnormal behaviour of two genes (BDNF and DTNBP1) to the underlying cause of schizophrenia.

Researchers propose new way to chart the cosmos in 3-D
If only calculating the distance between Earth and far-off galaxies was as easy as pulling out the old measuring tape.

University of Houston research offers clues about why people end therapy
Researchers long have known many people end cognitive behavioral therapy before the recommended course of treatment has ended, but why that happens has remained something of a mystery.

Discovery of a triple barrier that prevents cells from becoming cancerous
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona researchers have identified for the first time a triple mechanism that stops mitosis when the integrity of the chromosomes is threatened.

NYSCF and Q-State Biosciences collaborate to create patient-specific stem cells from blood
The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) and Q-State Biosciences (Q-State) are partnering in a joint research collaboration to advance patient care for nervous system disorders through precision medicine.

The structural memory of water persists on a picosecond timescale
A team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz, Germany and FOM Institute AMOLF in the Netherlands have characterized the local structural dynamics of liquid water, i.e. how quickly water molecules change their binding state.

Flowing electrons help ocean microbes gulp methane
Good communication is crucial to any relationship, especially when partners are separated by distance.

'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released
A first draft of the tree of life for all 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released.

Hydrocortisone effects on neurodevelopment for extremely low birthweight infants
First placebo-controlled study on stress dose hydrocortisone and neurodevelopment shows that higher doses of hydrocortisone are not associated with brain injury or neurodevelopmental impairments, but may not be effective in reducing risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Trinity researchers report major breakthrough in understanding Alzheimer's disease
The Trinity researchers believe that periodic clearance of a specific protein across the blood brain barrier could hold tremendous potential for new therapies.

A new analysis and approach to watershed management
The first continent-wide, multi-factor analysis of climate and land cover effects on watersheds in the United States, published today, provides a broad new assessment of runoff, flooding and storm water management options for use by such professionals as land use and town planners and water quality managers.

'Living fossil' genome decoded
A group of scientists from Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Nagoya University, and the University of Tokyo decoded the first lingulid brachiopod genome, from Lingula anatina collected at Amami Island, Japan.

'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released; U-M plays key role in project
A first draft of the 'tree of life' for the roughly 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released, and two University of Michigan biologists played a key role in its creation.

Identifying typical patterns in the progression towards Alzheimer's disease
'This study has let us characterize the parameters of decline in people who will eventually develop Alzheimer's, which means we can better identify both benign symptoms and those that warrant particular attention,' said Sylvie Belleville.

Improving collaboration between Native Americans and climate scientists
Hoping to improve Native American tribes' access to climate science tools, a Michigan State University researcher will use a four-year $450,000 National Science Foundation grant to foster better relations between tribes and scientific organizations when dealing with climate change.

Maternal protein deficiency during pregnancy 'memorized' by fetal muscle cells
Research in rat models confirms a molecular link between activation of the amino acid response signal and the cell autophagy pathway, which is transferred from pregnant mothers' skeletal muscles to the placenta and the fetus.

Study highlights possible knowledge gap over effects of some diabetes drugs
Scientists have found that some drugs from a group of anti-diabetic treatments may, in certain circumstances, act on glucagon receptors in the body, meaning that they could also potentially enable the release of sugar into the bloodstream.

Researchers developed highly accurate method for measuring luminous efficacy of LEDs
Researchers at Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have succeeded in developing a method which helps to improve the relative uncertainty in measuring the luminous efficacy of LEDs from the approximate five percent of today to one per cent in the future.

Imaging method has potential to stratify head and neck cancer patients
Manchester researchers have identified a potential new way to predict which patients with head and neck cancer may benefit most from chemotherapy.

One size doesn't fit all
Jefferson researchers identified a high risk for venous thromboembolism, or blood clots, following surgery for long-bone reconstruction in patients with metastatic cancer.

58,046 fruit flies shed light on 100-year old evolutionary question
In flies, small wings are normally rounder than large wings.

GSA meeting highlights & technical program -- media advisory 2
More than 7,000 geoscientists will be presenting 4,700 abstracts at the Geological Society of America's Annual Meeting & Exposition in Baltimore, Maryland, Nov.

Beef vs. bean meals: Both provide similar feeling of fullness
Today vegetarians aren't the only group of consumers looking for foods that are meat-free and provide a satisfying meal.

Types of athletic training affect how brain communicates with muscles
A KU study has shown that the brains of endurance trainers communicate with muscles differently than those of strength trainers or sedentary individuals.

Ultrasound fade could be early detector of preterm-birth risk
Ultrasonic attenuation -- an ultrasound's gradual loss of energy as the sound waves circulate through tissue -- could be an early indicator of whether a pregnant woman is at risk for delivering prematurely, according to a new study at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing.

Unexpected role for the IKK complex in protecting cells from death
The team of Prof. Bertrand in the group of Prof.

Western University hopes to use artificial intelligence to improve breast cancer patient outcomes
Western University researchers are working on a way to use artificial intelligence to predict a patient's response to two common chemotherapy medications used to treat breast cancer -- paclitaxel and gemcitabine.

Satellite shows Tropical Depression 9 weakening
NOAA's GOES-East satellite captured an image of Tropical Depression 9 weakening in the Central Atlantic on Sept.

New technique lets scientists see and study the interface where 2 cells touch
University at Buffalo researchers and their colleagues at other institutions are publishing a paper online in Nature Communications on Sept.

IU psychologist leads $700,000 NSF grant to create machines that think like toddlers
An IU cognitive scientist and collaborators will lead a study to create of machines that recognize objects with the same ease as children as well as lead to new, more sophisticated digital object-recognition technology.

The precision of solar photovoltaic power measurements doubled
An analysis carried out by JRC scientists shows that the uncertainty in measurement of power generation from a photovoltaic (PV) cell can be more than halved, thus bringing an economic benefit to both manufacturers and investors.

College of Dental Medicine receives Diversity Award
Columbia University College of Dental Medicine received the 2015 Higher Education Excellence in Diversity award.

Teens with bulimia recover faster when parents are included in treatment
Involving parents in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa is more effective than treating the patient individually, according to a study led by Daniel Le Grange, Ph.D., Benioff UCSF Professor in children's health in the departments of psychiatry and pediatrics at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco, and James Lock, M.D., Ph.D., professor of psychiatry at Stanford University School of Medicine.

Captain Trevor Greene partners with SFU to walk again
Former Canadian soldier Trevor Greene, who survived a debilitating brain injury while on duty in Afghanistan in 2006, has recovered his ability to walk again with the help of a customized exoskeleton, his personal determination and support of researchers at Simon Fraser University.

β-glucan-enriched pasta boosts good gut bacteria, reduces bad cholesterol
People fed β-glucan-enriched pasta for two months showed increased populations of beneficial bacteria in their intestinal tracts, and reduced populations of non-beneficial bacteria.

3-D printed guide helps regrow complex nerves after injury
A national team of researchers has developed a first-of-its-kind, 3-D printed guide that helps regrow both the sensory and motor functions of complex nerves after injury.

NASA's RapidScat sees Typhoon Krovanh's winds tightly around center
The RapidScat instrument aboard the International Space Station gathered surface wind data on Typhoon Krovanh and identified the speed and location of the strongest winds as it moved through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

EORTC Statistics Department recognized by 2015 FLAMES award
FLAMES, the Flanders' Training Network for Methodology and Statistics, has granted the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Statistics Department the 2015 FLAMES Award.

Researchers determine how groups make decisions
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have developed a model that explains how groups make collective decisions when no single member of the group has access to all possible information or the ability to make and communicate a final decision.

Study explores whether internet campaigns motivate users to respond to crises
Online campaigns about humanitarian crises need to be more surprising if they are to successfully engage the public, according to an academic from the University of East Anglia.

UGA study ranks US cities based on the urban heat island effect on temperatures
Inner cities as well as suburbs show distinctly warmer temperatures -- known as the urban heat island effect -- than rural areas as a result of land use and human activities.

New findings help explain speedy transported into and out of the cell's nucleus
The nuclear pore complex, a gateway into and out of the nucleus, is capable of an impressive feat: allowing large molecules to pass through, both selectively and quickly.

AFL, NRL, and cricket promoting alcohol to children
Australian children and adolescents receive millions of exposures to alcohol advertising when watching AFL, NRL, and cricket on TV, with 47 percent of the exposures occurring during children's daytime viewing.

Harvesting clues to GMO dilemmas from China's soybean fields
China's struggle -- mirrored across the globe -- to balance public concern over the safety of genetically modified crops with a swelling demand for affordable food crops has left a disconnect: In China's case, shrinking fields of domestic soybean -- by law non-GM -- and massive imports of cheaper soybeans that are the very GM crop consumers profess to shun.

In-hospital nocturnal dialysis may be good for the heart
In-hospital nocturnal dialysis may be good for patients' hearts as well as their kidneys, a new study suggests.

Surfing over simulated ripples in graphene
The single-carbon-atom-thick material, graphene, featuring ripples is not easy to understand.

A new understanding of dengue virus
An international consortium of scientists, including researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, worked to map out the antigenic differences in various strains of dengue virus.

Targeting hypertension by helping pharmacists deliver enhanced patient care
Patients with high blood pressure can benefit from having pharmacists take on an expanded role in their treatment and care according to a new study from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry.

Southern Ocean: Reconstructing environmental conditions over the past 30,000 years
In the last 30,000 years there was, at times, more mixing in the Southern Ocean than previously thought.

TSRI study identifies novel role of mitochondria in immune function
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new role for an enzyme involved in cell death.

Birth control pills pose small but significant stroke risk
Birth control pills cause a small but significant increase in the risk of the most common type of stroke, according to a comprehensive report in the journal MedLink Neurology.
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