Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 22, 2015
Energy use feedback key to unlocking savings, if used wisely
Using feedback that incorporates goals or incentives and leverages new media and technology appears to be the best way to get people to cut back on their energy use, according to researchers who analyzed dozens of studies on feedback's effectiveness in energy conservation.

Satellite sees Tropical Storm Malia moving away from Hawaiian Islands
Tropical Storm Malia is on a northwesterly track and continued to move away from the Hawaiian Islands on Sept.

Researchers find novel signature in the brains of children with cerebral malaria
Cells associated with inflammation and blood clotting accumulate in the brain blood vessels of children affected by a potentially fatal form of malaria called cerebral malaria, potentially contributing to the disease process, an international team of researchers has found, and HIV can exacerbate this development.

Attosecond physics: Laser-based molecular fingerprinting
A team of researchers based at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics has developed an infrared laser that can be used to identify and quantify molecules in complex mixtures with high specificity and sensitivity.

Around the world, those treated for addiction far more likely to smoke
A review of studies from 20 countries indicates that tobacco use is not addressed in substance abuse treatment programs, says UCSF professor.

NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Storm Ida meandering
When NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Ida on September 22, it was meandering and going in circles in the Central Atlantic Ocean.

New report examines regulation of federally funded research
Continuing expansion of federal research regulations and requirements is diminishing the effectiveness of the US scientific enterprise and lowering the return on the federal investment in research by directing investigators' time away from research and toward administrative matters, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

A whale of a tale
Scientists have found that the gut microbiome of right whales and other baleen species shares characteristics with both cows and meat-eating predators.

Researchers identify possible physiological cause of brain deficits with aging
Like scratchy-sounding old radio dials that interfere with reception, circuits in the brain that grow noisier over time may be responsible for ways in which we slow mentally as we grow old, according to the results of new studies from UC San Francisco on young and older adults.

Prion disease detected soon after infection and in surprising place in mouse brains
Prion diseases -- incurable, ultimately fatal, transmissible neurodegenerative disorders of mammals -- are believed to develop undetected in the brain over several years from infectious prion protein.

Study highlights how former problem drinkers navigate social drinking situations
A small, qualitative study published in the journal Health Communication highlights a wide variety of approaches that former problem drinkers take to determine how and whether to tell people in social situations that they don't drink.

NIST team breaks distance record for quantum teleportation
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have 'teleported' or transferred quantum information carried in light particles over 100 kilometers (km) of optical fiber, four times farther than the previous record.

Probiotic formula reverses cow's milk allergies by changing gut bacteria of infants
The gut bacteria of infants who developed tolerance to cow's milk after treatment with probiotic formula showed significant differences from those who remained allergic, according to a new study published Sept.

Open-science van der Waals interaction calculations enable mesoscale design and assembly
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University and collaborators at University of Massachusetts-Amherst and University of Missouri-Kansas City, unveil Gecko Hamaker, an open-source computational and modeling tool with a full-spectral optical web-service.

Geolocators used to link breeding and wintering populations of Prothonotary Warblers
Scientists have noted that Prothonotary Warbler populations have experienced precipitous declines in recent years, prompting new research investigating the little known migratory behavior of this remarkable bird.

Permanent data storage with light
The first all-optical permanent on-chip memory has been developed by scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the universities of Münster, Oxford, and Exeter.

First circularly polarized light detector on a silicon chip
Invention of the first integrated circularly polarized light detector on a silicon chip opens the door for development of small, portable sensors could expand the use of polarized light for drug screening, surveillance, etc.

Do women experience negative emotions differently than men?
Women react differently to negative images compared to men, which may be explained by subtle differences in brain function.

Chinese continental shelf of exotic origin collided with continental China 100 million years ago
Continental shelf is known as the offshore extension of the continent.

Study questions use of androgen deprivation therapy for certain prostate cancer cases
Among men with unfavorable-risk prostate cancer and moderate or severe co-existing illness, long-term follow-up finds that radiation therapy alone vs radiation therapy and androgen deprivation therapy was associated with decreased overall and cardiac mortality, according to a study in the Sept.

Superbug study reveals how E. coli strain acquired deadly powers
A strain of E. coli became a potentially fatal infection in the UK around 30 years ago, when it acquired a powerful toxin, a gene study has revealed.

Discovery of the redox-switch of a key enzyme involved in n-butanol biosynthesis
Two Korean research teams at the Kyungpook National University and the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology have succeeded in uncovering the redox-switch of thiolase, a key enzyme for n-butanol production in Clostridium acetobutylicum, one of the best known butanol-producing bacteria.

Researchers try to halt march of destructive pest preying on tomatoes
The insect -- established in Panama and Costa Rica -- is moving northward but has not yet arrived in the United States.

Love's labors: Study shows male lizards risk becoming lunch for a bird to attract a mate
New research shows male lizards are more likely than females to be attacked by predators because the bright colors they need to attract a mate also make them more conspicuous to birds.

Pioneering research develops new way to capture light -- for the computers of tomorrow
Pioneering research by an international team of scientists, including from the University of Exeter, has developed techniques that will allow the first memory chip that can capture light.

CRF announces press conference schedule for TCT 2015
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation has announced the press conference schedule for late-breaking trials and first report investigations that will be presented at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics 2015 scientific symposium.

New graphene oxide biosensors may accelerate research of HIV and cancer drugs
Researchers from the Laboratory of Nanooptics and Plasmonics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology -- MIPT have devised a novel type of graphene oxide-based biosensor that could potentially significantly speed up the process of drug development.

New research suggests not all trans fatty acids are bad for you
New evidence suggests that low levels of trans fatty acids may not be as harmful to human health as previously thought, even if industrially produced, and may even be beneficial if they occur naturally in foods such as dairy and meat products, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal.

New sports technology provides a GPS alternative
When it comes to recording accurate performance data for elite athletes, GPS technology can't keep up, a Griffith researcher claims.

SIDM responds to new diagnostic error report, proposes action steps
Diagnostic errors in medicine should be considered a patient safety and quality of care challenge, according to a new report released today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM).

Two-drug combination shows promise against one type of pancreatic cancer
One form of pancreatic cancer has a new enemy: a two-drug combination discovered by UF Health researchers that inhibits tumors and kills cancer cells in mouse models.

NIH releases comprehensive resource to help address college drinking
CollegeAIM, a new resource to help college officials address harmful and underage student drinking, is now available.

WSU researcher receives grant to build family audio database
Computer, speech and cognitive sciences will benefit from audio recordings of children's communications that will be compiled into a database with funding from a National Science Foundation grant.

New clues on the history of the smallpox vaccine virus
Given the fear that the variola virus could be reintroduced to humans in weaponized form, new generations of smallpox vaccines are highly needed.

Eating more fruits and non-starchy vegetables is associated with less weight gain
Increased consumption of fruits and non-starchy vegetables is inversely associated with weight change, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

NREL collaborates with trucking industry to prioritize R&D opportunities
Six to seven seconds -- that's the typical time between a pair of tractor-trailers traveling together at 65 mph.

Horwitz Prize awarded for research revealing how the brain is wired
Columbia will award the 2015 Horwitz Prize to S. Lawrence Zipursky, for discovering a molecular identification system that helps neurons to wire the brain.

NJIT president Dr. Joel Bloom to be named Educator of the Year by R&D Council
The Research & Development Council of New Jersey will honor the winners of the 2015 Edison Patent Awards at the 36th Edison Patent Awards Ceremony & Reception on November 12, 2015.

DNR orders often do not align with poor prognosis
Although do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders after in-hospital cardiac arrest were generally aligned with patients' likelihood of favorable neurological survival, almost two-thirds of patients with the worst prognosis did not have DNR orders, according to a study in the Sept.

Combination drug treatment reduces agitation for patients with probable Alzheimer's disease
In a preliminary 10-week randomized trial, patients with probable Alzheimer's disease who received the combination medication dextromethorphan-quinidine demonstrated less occurrences and severity of agitation, compared to patients who received placebo, according to a study in the Sept.

Researchers isolate human muscle stem cells
UCSF researchers have successfully isolated human muscle stem cells and shown that the cells could robustly replicate and repair damaged muscles when grafted onto an injured site.

Lifestyle focused text messaging results in improvement in cardiovascular risk factors
A simple, low-cost automated program of semi-personalized mobile phone text messages supporting lifestyle change led to improvement in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, blood pressure, body mass index, and smoking status in patients with coronary heart disease, according to a study in the Sept.

Better trap for greenhouse gases
Researchers around the globe are on a quest for materials capable of capturing and storing greenhouse gases.

Looking to brain science for clues to better writing
Good writing isn't an art, a University of Florida researcher says -- it's a science.

Dirty, crusty meals fit for (long-dormant) microbes
Deploying a set of tools he calls 'exometabolomics,' Trent Northen, a scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, and his team harnessed the analytical capabilities of the latest mass spectrometry techniques to quantitatively measure how individual microbes and the biocrust community transform complex mixtures of metabolites, in this case, from soil.

New research finds that people emit their own personal microbial cloud
We each give off millions of bacteria from our human microbiome to the air around us every day, and that cloud of bacteria can be traced back to an individual.

Genetic analysis supports prediction that spontaneous rare mutations cause half of autism
A CSHL team publishes a new analysis of data on the genetics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

NREL signs agreement with China's national utility
Representatives of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and China's State Grid Energy Research Institute today signed a first-ever memorandum of understanding between the two organizations.

Methane observatories successfully deployed in the Arctic
Mysteries still abound about methane release from the ocean floor.

National school-based mental health intervention improves outcomes for at-risk students
A national school-based mental health program that is now reaching almost one quarter of all elementary school students in Chile appears to have produced significant improvements in both behavioral and academic outcomes, such as attention problems and school attendance, among participating students.

Changes in dairy industry benefit dairy cattle health and welfare and consumers
Profound changes in the dairy industry in recent decades have benefited the health and welfare of dairy cows, as well as consumers.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Study shows restricting access at known 'suicide hotspots' reduces the number of suicides by more than 90 percent
Blocking the means of suicide (e.g., installing barriers and safety nets) at suicide hotspots like high bridges and cliffs can reduce the number of deaths at these sites by more than 90 percent, new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal has found.

New weapon against the reef eaters
James Cook University scientists in Australia have made a breakthrough in the war against a deadly enemy of the Great Barrier Reef.

Green barriers of cypresses could reduce fire initiation risk
Every year fires burn thousands of hectares, destroy entire ecosystems and put the lives of people and animals at risk.

From dig to digital: Australia's iconic dinosaurs as you've never seen them before
It's Australia's largest known meat-eating dinosaur but until now we've never seen how Australovenator moved -- not even the man who dug it up and named it.

Overweight firefighters more likely to attempt weight loss if advised by doctor
Overweight firefighters are twice as likely to attempt to lose weight if their health care provider gives them weight loss advice, according to new research from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health.

Increased chances for early detection of Alzheimer's disease
A method for detecting early signs of Alzheimer's disease using amyloid PET imaging works as well as the previously used cerebrospinal fluid sample method.

New hadrosaur species discovered on Alaska's North Slope
Museum researchers have described a new species of dinosaur based on fossils excavated from Alaska's North Slope.

Study aims to reduce suicides after jail time
A Michigan State University public health researcher is embarking on a first-of-a-kind study that will look to reduce suicides among recently released jail detainees.

New study maps the progression of Parkinson's disease within the brain
Scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -- The Neuro, at McGill University and the McGill University Health Centre, have made advances in understanding the process involved in the progression and spread of Parkinson's disease within the brain.

Researchers reveal when global warming first appeared
Human caused climate change is increasingly apparent today through multiple lines of evidence.

Germany: East-west divide in life expectancy almost overcome
Twenty-five years after reunification, the once considerable differences between life expectancy in eastern and western Germany have almost disappeared for women.

No link between coffee consumption and common type of irregular heartbeat
There is no association between coffee consumption and an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

CAMERA to develop computational mathematics for experimental facilities research
Department of Energy has announced approval of a joint ASCR-BES-supported grant of $10.5 million over three years to expand the Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications (CAMERA).

Diagnostics breakthrough brings viral sequencing to doctors' toolkit
A breakthrough genetic testing method promises to give clinicians a powerful new tool to detect and sequence viruses.

Death and money in the ICU: Pneumonia findings surprise researchers
When an older person gets hospitalized for pneumonia, where's the best place to care for them?

Benign by design
Bruce Lipschutz and his team have discovered an ecofriendly catalyst for a certain type of precious metal-mediated chemical reaction.

Regenstrief and IU develop innovative ethics-based model for academia-industry collaboration
In an era of declining federal government funding for medical research, researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Bioethics have developed a set of principles and benchmarks for ensuring that academic-industry partnerships can be conducted with the highest ethical standards.

New smart robot accelerates cancer treatment research
A new smart research robot accelerates research on cancer treatments.

Gene magnifies the psychological impact of life events, for better and for worse: Study
People with a certain type of gene are more deeply affected by their life experiences, a new study has revealed.

New grant will fund collaborative effort to build reproducible assays to model autism
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $13 million grant over five years to develop and disseminate new stem cell-based technologies and assays for studying autism spectrum disorder and other mental health diseases to a consortium of researchers at the University of California, San Diego and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, working in tandem with leaders in the biotechnology sector.

Unique production experiment: Turning waste cotton into new fiber for the fashion industry
Worn-out cotton clothing can be turned into new fibers for the textile industry using a cellulose dissolution technique developed by VTT.

Researchers set speed records for zinc-based transistors with argon plasma process
Researchers at Korea University and the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology have now developed a new type of thin film transistor that's significantly faster than its predecessors -- an important step toward speeding up image display on devices like TVs and smartphone screens.

Chemistry for the methanol economy
Unstable crude oil prices and limited oil resources have made the production of petrochemicals from methanol increasingly popular -- above all in China.

New ASU research on sense of smell could help pinpoint causes of brain diseases
The National Science Foundation has awarded Arizona State University and three partner institutions -- a three-year, $3.6 million grant to study how healthy brains create memories of odors, as well as how they fail when affected by disease.

New method for testing iPSC differentiation potential could lead to safer and more potent treatments
Though the discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has great potential to help in the development of regenerative medicine therapies, the attempts to discover how safe and potent use of iPSCs are in treatment of diseases has been inconclusive or contradictory.

10 to 1: Bugs win in NASA study
Bugs are winning out, and that's a good thing according to NASA's Human Research Program.

Research uncovers microsopic key to reducing ocean dead zones
Microbiologists at BYU, with financial backing from the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Agriculture, are addressing the global environmental issue of ocean dead zones.

Feeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism
A new study links anxiety, a brain structure called the orbitofrontal cortex, and optimism, finding that healthy adults who have larger OFCs tend to be more optimistic and less anxious.

Hybrid walking exoskeleton research at Pitt receives NSF funding
Outside of sci-fi, the idea of donning a bionic suit, rocketing into the sky, and saving the world hasn't quite gotten off the ground; however, two new grants totaling $500,209 from the National Science Foundation will help researchers at the University of Pittsburgh make great strides in helping paraplegics walk while wearing a mechanical exoskeleton.

Integrated variants from 13,000 complete genomes available to public in Kaviar database
The Institute for Systems Biology and the Inova Translational Medicine Institute announced today a new release of Kaviar, the most comprehensive collection of human genomic variants currently available to the public.

Unexpected link between choroid plexus and chronic pain
An observation by Finnish researchers shows that the central nervous system plays an important role in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).

A fast cell sorter shrinks to cell phone size
Commercially available cell sorters can rapidly and accurately aid medical diagnosis and biological research, but they are large and expensive, present a biohazard and may damage cells.

Researcher finds novel way to monitor serious blood disorder using a smart phone
A researcher from Florida Atlantic University will develop a portable smart sensor and a phone application for patients with sickle cell disease to analyze and store the results of their blood tests on a smart phone.

Researchers publish far-reaching genetic study of 1,000 UK people
A unique population-based study of all the genes in 1,000 people born in the UK in 1958 is being made available online by researchers at the Institute of Cancer Research, London, to further understanding of the role gene variation plays in disease.

Researchers to develop breathalyzer-type low blood sugar warning device for diabetes
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has been awarded a $738,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a breathalyzer-type device to detect the onset of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar episodes, in people with diabetes.

A new view of the content of Earth's core
There is more oxygen in the core of Earth than originally thought.

New Geosphere themed issue: The anatomy of rifting
Research at continental rifts, mid-ocean ridges, and transforms has shown that new plates are created by extensional tectonics, magma intrusion, and volcanism.

Androgen deprivation therapy associated with increased risk for fatal heart attack
Long term follow up of a randomized clinical trial that compared ADT and radiation therapy (RT) to RT alone finds that men with significant comorbidity; most commonly prior heart attack, who received ADT died earlier, due to a fatal heart attack, compared to men who did not receive ADT.

'Mind-reading' kids are more discriminating learners
New research shows that children are not as gullible as we might think -- and that's especially true for those who have a good understanding of what's going on inside someone else's head.

Scientists develop rice variety with high folate stability
Researchers from Ghent University succeeded in stabilizing folates in biofortified rice in order to prevent their degradation upon long term storage.

Confusion afoot
Most people can't tell their toes apart without looking. Some healthy people can 'lose' a toe if their eyes are closed.

New technique negotiates neuron jungle to target source of Parkinson's disease
Researchers from Imperial College London and Newcastle University believe they have found a potential new way to target cells of the brain affected by Parkinson's disease.

Are we wiser about tsunamis? Expert says yes and no
The world may not be well prepared for the next significant tsunami, reports Northwestern University's Emile Okal.

Characterizing the forces that hold everything together
In the cover story in today's issue of Langmuir, physicists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with colleagues elsewhere unveil a project known as Gecko Hamaker, a new computational and modeling software tool plus an open science database to aid those who design nano-scale materials.

NASA sees formation of Tropical Depression 21W
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over a developing tropical low pressure area in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean on Sept.

Urgent change needed to improve diagnosis in health care or diagnostic errors will likely worsen
Most people will experience at least one diagnostic error -- an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis -- in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Scientists identify key morphine regulator that may reduce risk of pain-killer abuse
A new study from the Scripps Research Institute has shown that a specific molecule controls morphine receptor signaling in a small group of brain cells.

Report on bioenergy and sustainability to be launched at World Bank
Over the past two years, 137 experts from 24 countries and 82 institutions have collaborated to analyze a range of issues related to the sustainability of bioenergy production and use.

Tracking down the beam
Proton beams are new high-precision weapons in the fight against cancer.

Summer crops in central Europe in poor condition following extremely hot weather
A heat wave in late August and lack of rainfall have worsened the yield outlook for summer crops in large parts of central Europe.

Cartilage regeneration possibilities may improve with fetal cartilage cell transplantation
Cell transplantation aimed at cartilage repair has been carried out using mesenchymal stem cells, with varying outcomes.

Matricellular proteins are promising new therapeutic targets for ocular diseases
A special issue of Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics highlights the latest research on matricellular proteins, which play a critical role in inflammation and blood vessel formation in the eye and therefore making them key targets for new therapies to treat common ocular disorders such as glaucoma, dry eye disease, and age-related macular degeneration.

UCI researchers find biomarker for autism that may aid diagnostics
By identifying a key signaling defect within a specific membrane structure in all cells, University of California, Irvine researchers believe, they have found both a possible reliable biomarker for diagnosing certain forms of autism and a potential therapeutic target.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Obesity Medicine
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the launch of a new journal: Obesity Medicine.

Mating success for the European mink
The European mink is critically endangered throughout its range. Several reintroduction programs are in place to help assure the survival of the species.

Molecular diagnostics at home: Chemists design rapid, simple, inexpensive tests using DNA
Chemists at the University of Montreal used DNA molecules to developed rapid, inexpensive medical diagnostic tests that take only a few minutes to perform.

TSRI scientists win $1.5 million grant to investigate sense of smell
The National Science Foundation has awarded more than $1.5 million to Lisa Stowers, associate professor at The Scripps Research, to support research using 1,000 odor molecules.

Is obesity 'all in your head'? (video)
Researchers are racing to determine the causes of obesity and curb a growing epidemic.

Remnants of Tropical Depression 16E raining over US Southwest
The remnants of Tropical Depression 16E (TD16E) have moved over the US Southwest and an infrared image from NOAA's GOES-West satellite showed the associated clouds over Arizona and New Mexico.

Multi-tasking in the ER: More is not better
Even after emergency physicians had acclimated to a new commercial electronic health record, they increased their tasks performed per minute by nearly 12 percent, increasing the potential for patient safety hazards.

A newly discovered mechanism controls the number of immune cells
The proteins CD47 and SIRPα are fundamental to establishing a correct number of immune cells, so-called B lymphocytes.

Vision for NREL technology has entrepreneur seeing clearly
A serial entrepreneur with four companies to his credit, Loren Burnett found the makings of his fifth at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

The Karoo Basin and the end Permian mass extinction
Earth's biosphere witnessed its greatest ecological catastrophe in the latest Permian, dated to about 251.9 million years ago.

Wayne State to develop new, rapid results tests for infants with serious infections
A Wayne State University professor has been awarded a five-year, $5.76 million grant from the National Institutes of Health.

R&D by NIST and partners yields new standard for safer ambulances
Thanks to a newly updated standard for ambulance design based on research and development by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and two federal partners, emergency runs should soon be much safer for paramedics and other first responders.

Could being a good father send you to an early grave?
Non-genetic inheritance plays a huge role in determining the characteristics of offspring.

Increased activity in older brains may point to new avenues for treating memory loss
Northwestern Medicine scientists have examined activity in a little-studied part of the brain associated with memory and found for the first time the reason that neurons there become more active in old age, findings that may suggest a new target for future therapies to combat memory loss in aging and Alzheimer's disease.

The use of bisphosphonates is associated with an increased risk of atypical hip fractures
The use of bisphosphonates, a group of drugs used to prevent hip breakages in women with osteoporosis, is associated with an increased risk of atypical fractures in this joint.

More men at risk for prostate cancer as a result of less regular screening
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against regular prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer is controversial.

New resource will help growers manage the olive fruit fly
A new, open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management aims to support California olive producers with an overview of the olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae), which has become the key pest of olives since its introduction in 1998.

New cell type may help explain why some people have dangerous food allergies
Researchers have discovered a new cell type that appears to drive life-threatening food allergies and may help explain why some people get severe allergic reactions and others do not.

CSI -- on the metabolite's trail
A bioinformatics team led by Professor Sebastian Böcker from the University of Jena, Germany, together with their collaborators from the Aalto University in Espoo, Finland, have developed a search engine that significantly simplifies the identification of molecular structures of metabolites.

Maternal experience brings an evolutionary advantage
Using a species of butterfly as an example, researchers from the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Basel have demonstrated how insects adapt their offspring to changing environmental conditions.

Hell hath no fury like a female superhero scorned (by fans)
Pop culture research explores the Internet eruption following an international blockbuster movie and its publicity tour.

Chronicling crises in the world's economies: The SAGE Encyclopedia of World Poverty, 2nd edition
Addressing the changing world of poverty in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, SAGE today announces the second edition of The SAGE Encyclopedia of World Poverty, with 175 new articles and 775 updated original articles on poverty and its related issues.

Outcomes of ICU admission for older, low-risk patients with pneumonia
Among Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with pneumonia, intensive care unit (ICU) admission of patients which appeared to be discretionary was associated with improved survival and no significant differences in Medicare spending or hospital costs, compared with patients admitted to general wards, according to a study in the Sept.

Grants to help ID variants in the genome's regulatory regions that affect disease risk
The National Institutes of Health has awarded approximately $13 million in grants to help find variants in the genome's regulatory regions.

CPAP therapy reduces symptoms of depression in adults with sleep apnea
A new study shows that depressive symptoms are extremely common in people who have obstructive sleep apnea, and these symptoms improve significantly when sleep apnea is treated with continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

Radio telescopes could spot stars hidden in the galactic center
The center of our Milky Way galaxy is a mysterious place. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to