Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 24, 2015
NASA identifies Tropical Storm Dujuan's strongest side
The RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station is an important tool for forecasters because it identifies where the strongest winds are located in a tropical cyclone when it is over open waters.

Scientists win $6.4 million to probe smell navigation
A team of scientists, including a UC Berkeley pioneer in odor mapping, has received a $6.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation to dig deeper into how humans and animals navigate by using their sense of smell and converting odors into spatial information.

NSF awards Lehigh engineering $5 million for natural hazards research facility
Lehigh University has received a five-year, $5 million award from the National Science Foundation to support the operation and maintenance to perform research using the unique experimental facilities located on the Lehigh Campus at the ATLSS (Advanced Technology for Large Structural Systems) Research Center.

Lean and safe industry
Lean manufacturing involves minimizing expenses by attempting to eradicate waste, waste of materials, energy, and human resources.

UC Davis receives $1.5 million from Iranian-American philanthropist
The gift will establish the Bita Daryabari Presidential Chair in Persian Language and Literature and help transform UC Davis into a leading force in teaching, research and outreach that advances global understanding of Persian language and culture.

Scripps first in region to implant new defibrillator approved for use with MRI scans
Scripps Health is the first health care provider in San Diego County to use the only implantable cardioverter defibrillator device approved for use with magnetic resonance imaging scans.

Connecting the dots: Integrated biodiversity data could be the key to a sustainable future
What is the role of Biodiversity Observation Networks (BONs) in advancing our knowledge of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services and in providing data for policy reporting?

Discovery of genetic differences between relapsing/non-relapsing breast cancers
Researchers have taken an important step towards understanding why some primary breast cancers return while others do not.

Designed defects in liquid crystals can guide construction of nanomaterials
Imperfections running through liquid crystals can be used as miniscule tubing, channeling molecules into specific positions to form new materials and nanoscale structures, according to engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards NARSAD Young Investigator grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation today announced the award of its NARSAD Young Investigator grants valued at more than $13 million to 191 of the world's most promising young scientists.

NASA sees a somewhat shapeless Tropical Storm Ida
Tropical Storm Ida has been dealing with wind shear and appeared somewhat shapeless on imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite on Sept.

In the dark polar winter, the animals aren't sleeping
You might expect that little happens in the Arctic Ocean during the cold and dark winter.

Kids, asthma and secondhand smoke at home = twice as many hospitalizations
Parents who allow their children with asthma to be exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home need to know the risk is high their child will be hospitalized.

Botanist to study responses of trees and shrubs to extreme drought in California
California is in its fourth year of drought. As a result, mass mortality of trees and shrubs is happening more quickly than researchers can quantify.

Protein conjugation method offers new possibilities for biomaterials
Northwestern University Professor Michael Jewett and his research team have demonstrated a novel method in which protein-polymer conjugates can display new and unique types of functionalities.

If it's not a norm, why practice female genital cutting?
In this Policy Forum, Charles Efferson et al. overview research that suggests that female genital cutting is perhaps not a social norm, as prevailing theory suggests.

Pass the salt -- using the fly to understand how pregnancy drives food cravings
Researchers at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown in Lisbon discover that fruit flies share the human craving for salt during pregnancy and shed light on how the nervous system controls this behavior.

Icelandic volcano's toxic gas is treble that of Europe's industry
A huge volcanic eruption in Iceland emitted on average three times as much of a toxic gas as all European industry combined, a study has revealed.

Women with moderate beer consumption run lower risk of heart attack
Women who drink beer at most once or twice per week run a 30 percent lower risk of heart attack, compared with both heavy drinkers and women who never drink beer.

Researchers examine tradeoffs, potential of using liquid natural gas as marine fuel
Natural gas reduces emissions but is not a 'clear winner' for environment.

Medications to treat opioid use disorders -- new guideline from the American Society of Addiction Medicine
Medications play an important role in managing patients with opioid use disorders, but there are not enough physicians with the knowledge and ability to use these often-complex treatments.

One giant leap: ONR delivers new research vessel to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
On Sept. 23, ONR delivered the new R/V Neil Armstrong to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Three early career cell biologists win $5,000 ASCB-Gibco Emerging Leaders Prizes
Three early career cell biology researchers at Princeton, UC Berkeley, and Baylor have won the American Society for Cell Biology's first-ever ASCB-Gibco Emerging Leaders Prizes.

The life and times of domesticated cheese-making fungi
People sure love their cheeses, but scientists have a lot to learn about the fungi responsible for a blue cheese like Roquefort or a soft Camembert.

Fewer patients die at fully accredited hospitals
For the first time, researchers from Aarhus University, Aarhus University Hospital and the Region of Southern Denmark can now demonstrate an association between level of hospital accreditation and the mortality rate among patients.

A twist for control of orbital angular momentum of neutron waves
An experiment by a team of researchers led from the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing shows, for the first time, that a wave property of neutrons, Orbital Angular Momentum, can be controlled.

Gel study uncovers unexpected dynamics
Research by scientists at the University of York has revealed important new information about the dynamics of bacterial gels which could ultimately suggest new ways of helping prevent or better control diseases such as cystic fibrosis.

Paying attention to mudrocks: Priceless!
Siliciclastic mudrocks, often termed shales, represent more than two thirds of all sedimentary rocks on Earth, yet they are the least understood.

Telecommuting works best in moderation, science shows
Organizations are increasingly offering employees a variety of work-from-home options despite sometimes conflicting evidence about the effectiveness of telecommuting.

How fossil corals can shed light on the Earth's past climate
Researchers have used radiocarbon measured in deep-sea fossil corals to shed light on carbon dioxide levels during the Earth's last deglaciation.

The rise of X-ray beam chemistry
By using powerful photon beams generated by the Advanced Photon Source, a DOE User Facility, researchers have shown that they can now control the chemical environment and provide nanoscale structural detail while simultaneously imaging the mineral calcite as it is pushed to its extremes.

Parasite that causes lymphatic filariasis releases vesicles containing microRNA that may control host
Lymphatic Filariasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by three different species of parasitic worm, which are spread between human hosts by mosquitos.

Dining technology use is no measure of value, Clemson researchers find
Have you ever been dissatisfied with a restaurant experience because the customer-service technology you had to use to reserve a table, order your food or pay for the meal wasn't up to par?

Shooting lightning out of the sky
A team of researchers from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, have demonstrated new techniques that bring lasers as lighting rods closer to reality.

Facebook effect: Research shows comments about candidates have impact on potential voters
Social media comments shape potential voters' opinions on candidates.

Ticks carrying Lyme disease found in South London parks
Visitors to two popular parks in South London are at risk of coming into contact with ticks that can transmit Lyme disease to humans, according to new research by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Mexico City's air pollution has detrimental impact on Alzheimer's disease gene
A new study heightens concerns over the detrimental impact of air pollution on hippocampal metabolites as early markers of neurodegeneration in young urbanites carrying an allele 4 of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE).

In-flight medical emergencies: What doctors and travelers must know
A new article in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine offers guidance for both healthcare providers and other travelers about how to handle mid-air medical emergencies.

Researchers find ticks linked with Lyme disease in south London parks
Visitors to two popular parks in South London are at risk of coming into contact with ticks that can transmit Lyme disease to humans, according to a new study in Medical and Veterinary Entomology.

Lower sperm motility in men exposed to common chemical
Men with higher exposure to the substance DEHP, a so-called phthalate, have lower sperm motility and may therefore experience more difficulties conceiving children, according to a Lund University study.

Scientists build wrench 1.7 nanometers wide
University of Vermont chemists have invented a nanoscale wrench that allows them to precisely control nanoscale shapes.

Vaccination on the horizon for severe viral infection of the brain
Researchers from the University of Zurich and the University Hospital Zurich reveal possible new treatment methods for a rare, usually fatal brain disease.

How celebrity suicides change support-seeking practices on social media
New research from the Georgia Institute of Technology finds that activity on a Reddit help forum changes dramatically in the aftermath of celebrity suicides.

After 100 years in captivity, a look at the world's last truly wild horses
researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Sept.

Female genital cutting is based on private values rather than social norms
Worldwide an estimated 125 million girls and women are cut.

Flower declines shrink bee tongues
Climate-related changes in flower diversity have resulted in a decrease in the length of alpine bumble bees' tongues, a new study reports, leaving these insects poorly suited to feed from and pollinate the deep flowers they were adapted to previously.

Green storage for green energy
Researchers have demonstrated a safe and affordable battery capable of storing energy from intermittent sources -- like rooftop solar panels -- that is suitable for the home.

Childhood brain tumors affect working memory of adult survivors, study finds
Adult survivors of childhood brain tumors have lower working memory performance compared to healthy adults, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University.

Tiny mitochondria play outsized role in human evolution and disease
Mitochondria are not only the power plants of our cells; these tiny structures also play a central role in our physiology.

'Women in science: breaking the bias habit' workshop planned
Greater numbers of women are in the workplace and represented in science.

Studies find that delayed umbilical cord clamping may benefit some high-risk newborns
The study from Nationwide Children's Hospital found that the preterm infants with delayed cord clamping had higher blood pressure readings in the first 24 hours of life and needed fewer red blood cell transfusions in their first 28 days than infants whose umbilical cords were immediately clamped.

UMD awarded $1 million from NIST for next-generation cryptography
Three University of Maryland researchers have been awarded $1 million from the National Institute of Standards and Technology to support research developing next-generation cryptography.

Big data: $5 million to widen 'bottleneck to discovery'
Buried in troves of data that scientists have gathered, but not yet analyzed could be key insights to improving cancer treatment, understanding Alzheimer's, predicting climate change effects and developing cheaper, clean energy technologies.

Guideline released on minimally invasive procedure, EBUS-TBNA, to diagnose lung diseases
The American College of Chest Physicians announced the release of new clinical guidelines on endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration.

Hope against disease targeting children
A research team led by HSCI principal faculty member Lee Rubin uncovered molecular changes that explain, at least in part, why motor neurons rather than others are affected by the illness.

Gene expression studies reveal drug combination effective against schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by parasitic worms endemic in parts of Africa, Southeast Asia and Central and South America.

Principals express satisfaction with Teach For America teachers
The results show that more than 80 percent of the principals surveyed in 2015 expressed satisfaction with Teach For America teachers.

Tiny plankton can play a major role in CO2 storage in the oceans
Tiny zooplankton animals, each no bigger than a grain of rice, may be playing a huge part in regulating climate change, research involving the University of Strathclyde has found.

Southampton scientists reveal first results using new National Dark Fibre Infrastructure
Southampton scientists will reveal the first research results from the new National Dark Fibre Infrastructure Service at an international conference this week.

Cold snap: Climate cooling and sea-level changes caused crocodilian retreat
Fluctuating sea levels and global cooling caused a significant decline in the number of crocodilian species over millions of years, according to new research.

Culture during childhood shapes family planning
Family planning is not just what we decide consciously as adults.

Future of HIV cure research points to combination approach
The next five years of HIV research should shift gears from the classic single-therapy development model to moving directly from in vitro studies to combination therapy trials, according to an opinion piece published online in The Lancet HIV.

'SMART Cougars Plus' expands HIV, HCV testing for students
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has awarded the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work $900,000 over three years to work with minority youth at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C.

From brain, to fat, to weight loss
A breakthrough study led by Ana Domingos at Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, in collaboration with Jeffrey Friedman's group at Rockefeller University, has shown that fat tissue is innervated and that direct stimulation of neurons in fat is sufficient to induce fat breakdown.

Los Alamos explores hybrid ultrasmall gold nanocluster for enzymatic fuel cells
With fossil-fuel sources dwindling, better biofuel cell design is a strong candidate in the energy field.

Purdue study: Climate change consensus extends beyond climate scientists
A Purdue University-led survey of nearly 700 scientists from non-climate disciplines shows that more than 90 percent believe that average global temperatures are higher than pre-1800s levels and that human activity has significantly contributed to the rise.

No more flat tires? Scientists make rubber that can heal itself (video)
Few things will ruin a day faster than a flat tire.

Curbing short-lived pollutants -- a win-win for climate and air quality
Ozone, methane and aerosols remain in the atmosphere for a shorter time than CO2, but can affect both the climate and air quality.

Bumblebees' adaptation to climate change could lead to rise in declining bee population
Rising temperatures in alpine habitats worldwide have resulted in declines in flowering among indigenous plants and contributed to dramatic declines in populations of several bumblebee species prevalent in those regions.

ENS@T-HT, launch of a large scale Europe H2020 project coordinated by Inserm for improved diagnosis
An international group of scientists from six countries bring together their expertise to improve diagnosis and therapeutic care for primary and secondary forms of arterial hypertension.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press launches new Journal of Precision Medicine
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press today launched Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies, a new open-access, peer-reviewed journal in the field of precision medicine.

Arteries better than veins for liquid biopsy
Arteries contain higher numbers of circulating tumor cells than veins in uveal melanoma patients, raising a concern for standard technique for detection of tumor cells in the blood.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Regeneron announce research agreement
The Experimental Therapeutics Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced today that they have entered into an agreement with the goal of accelerating the discovery of fully human antibodies directed against therapeutic targets being researched by Mount Sinai investigators.

Key control mechanism of cellular deterioration identified
Old or abnormal cells enter a state of cellular senescence, in which they are no longer able to progress through the cell cycle, and now new research has identified a key mechanism that induces this biological process.

Past spikes in carbon dioxide levels accompanied by high ocean circulation
Two abrupt rises in carbon dioxide and Northern Hemispheric warming occurred during the last glacial ice melt, and new evidence confirms that these spikes were accompanied by deep ocean 'flushing' events.

100 years to find a cure: Can the process be accelerated?
Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have provided a detailed map of how basic research translates into new treatments for deadly diseases.

A 'magic tent' for mountaineers
In collaboration with the start-up Polarmond, scientists at Empa developed an 'all-in-one' shelter system.

Germany's role in the euro crisis
A new book by Franz-Josef Meiers analyses Germany's role in the euro crisis.

New methodology tracks changes in DNA methylation in real time at single-cell resolution
Whitehead Institute researchers have developed a tool that allows scientists to monitor changes in DNA methylation over time in individual cells.

Newly identified mechanism solves enduring mystery of key element of cellular organization
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists identify a mechanism that plays a key role in cellular organization and function and also offers a possible new treatment strategy for ALS and other degenerative disorders.

Inflammatory response may fan the flame of dietary fats' role in obesity-related diseases
A new study finds that an enhanced inflammatory response could be the key link between high saturated fat intake -- a recognized risk factor for obesity-related disorders -- and the development of diseases like type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis.

Sharing real-time information could save the transport sector billions each year
A European research project led by Eindhoven University of Technology makes real-time information available for the whole transport chain for the first time.

FAU receives $1.2 million grant from US Department of Education
With legislative mandates such as No Child Left Behind and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, more students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are being taught in the general classroom setting.

Medicaid study uncovers rise in costly ER visits due to possible gaps in postpartum care
Citing an analysis of more than 26,000 Maryland Medicaid claims, Johns Hopkins researchers report evidence that poor women with recent complications during their pregnancies are using the emergency room at higher rates after delivery and may not be getting the postpartum care and follow-up they need to prevent further health problems.

Female gamers a new risk group for overweight
Young women who play computer games are a new risk group for developing overweight and obesity.

Antidepressants plus blood-thinners slow down brain cancer
Tricyclic antidepressants combined with anticoagulant drugs can slow down gliomas brain tumors by causing the cancer cells to eat themselves.

Sticky gel helps stem cells heal rat hearts
A sticky, protein-rich gel created by Johns Hopkins researchers appears to help stem cells stay on or in rat hearts and restore their metabolism after transplantation, improving cardiac function after simulated heart attacks, according to results of a new study.

DNA-based nanodevices for molecular medicine
Researchers from Aalto University have published an article that discusses how DNA molecules can be assembled into tailored and complex nanostructures, and further, how these structures can find uses in therapeutics and bionanotechnological applications.

Hubble zooms in on shrapnel from an exploded star
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has unveiled in stunning detail a small section of the expanding remains of a massive star that exploded about 8,000 years ago.

Researchers uncover genetic basis for kin recognition in mice
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified the genetic basis of how mice can recognize close relatives, even if they have never encountered them before.

INRS professor Jasmin Raymond recognized by the Canadian Geotechnical Society
Professor Jasmin Raymond of the INRS Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre received the 2016 Colloquium Lecture honor from the Canadian Geotechnical Society at its annual conference GeoQuébec 2015.

Promising drugs turn immune system on cancer
Cancer Research UK scientists have shown that a class of experimental drug treatments already in clinical trials could also help the body's immune system to fight cancer, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Cell.

MS researchers correlate BICAMS and performance of everyday life activities
Kessler Foundation scientists found that the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis predicted performance of activities of daily living using Actual Reality 'Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis and performance of everyday life tasks,' was published in Multiple Sclerosis Journal; authors are Yael Goverover, Nancy Chiaravalloti and John DeLuca.

MD Anderson study identifies leukemia tumor suppressor
A protein-coding gene called hnRNP K has been identified as a tumor suppressor for acute myeloid leukemia, a finding that could be important for investigating how best to target treatment of a blood cancer striking mostly older individuals.

Stem cell research hints at evolution of human brain
Researchers at UCSF have succeeded in mapping the genetic signature of a unique group of stem cells in the human brain that seem to generate most of the neurons in our massive cerebral cortex.

Nano-mechanical study offers new assessment of silicon for next-gen batteries
A detailed nano-mechanical study of mechanical degradation processes in silicon structures containing varying levels of lithium ions offers good news for researchers attempting to develop reliable next-generation rechargeable batteries using silicon-based electrodes.

UCI brain-computer interface enables paralyzed man to walk
Novel brain-computer interface technology created by University of California, Irvine researchers has allowed a paraplegic man to walk for a short distance.

Tumor necrosis factor in colitis -- bad actor or hero?
Investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have found that a common therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may actually protect against intestinal inflammation by inhibiting pathogenic T-cells.

Scientists address potential Achilles' heel in scientific study of climate change
Editors Chih-Pei Chang, Michael Ghil, Mojib Latif and John M.

Amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's and diabetes: Novel leads for inhibitors
When proteins change their structure and clump together, formation of amyloid fibrils and plaques may occur.

A potential role for fat tissue as an HIV reservoir and source of chronic inflammation
Viral persistence and chronic inflammation are two key features of HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy.

Study shows new forests cannot take in as much carbon as predicted
As carbon emissions continue to rise, scientists project forests will grow faster and larger, due to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide, which fuels photosynthesis.

Maternal malaria during pregnancy causes cognitive defects in the offspring
Over half of all pregnant women world-wide are at risk for malaria, but little is known about possible consequences for the neurodevelopment of children exposed to malaria in pregnancy.

New treatment may help overcome common pregnancy-related complication
In pregnant women with preeclampsia, a procedure used to remove a protein called sFlt-1 from the blood reduced the amount of protein excreted in the urine and stabilized blood pressure.

Weight loss, exercise improve fertility in women with PCOS
Weight loss and exercise improve ovulation in women who have polycystic ovary syndrome, a common hormone disorder that often causes infertility, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Grant for natural hazards research at UC Davis centrifuge
The National Science Foundation will award almost $5 million over five years to UC Davis to include the large earthquake-simulating centrifuge at the Center for Geotechnical Modeling as part of the new Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure program.

Newly discovered metabolism certifies evolutionary advantage for yeast
Duplicate copies of genes safeguard survival of the biotech yeast Pichia pastoris in environments where only methanol is present as feed.

$1 million grant will help Army understand movement of unexploded ordnance on 'beach face'
Research will study the migration of unexploded ordnance on 'beach face'.

Research published in NEJM about treatment for unexplained infertility
Dr. Ruben Alvero, director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, has published research in the New England Journal of Medicine about the best treatment for unexplained infertility.

New theory of stealth dark matter may explain universe's missing mass
Lawrence Livermore scientists have come up with a new theory that may identify why dark matter has evaded direct detection in Earth-based experiments.

Cooled down and charged up, a giant magnet is ready for its new mission
The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced that a 680-ton superconducting magnet is secure in its new home and nearly ready for a new era of discovery in particle physics.

Australian researchers unlock secrets of a cellular nanomachine
Monash researchers, working with colleagues in Japan, have unlocked the secrets of a cellular nanomachine.

Revisiting the Veil Nebula
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope imaged three magnificent sections of the Veil Nebula in 1997.

Antidepressants plus blood thinners cause brain cancer cells to eat themselves in mice
In a study appearing in Cancer Cell on Sept. 24, Swiss researchers find that antidepressants work against brain cancer by excessively increasing tumor autophagy (a process that causes the cancer cells to eat themselves).

$2.5 million gift to foster innovation at The Vision Center at Children's Hospital Los Angeles
The Margie and Robert E. Petersen Foundation has announced it will make a $2.5 million gift to support The Vision Center at Children's Hospital Los Angeles in its efforts to advance medical teaching techniques, increase infrastructure for groundbreaking research and use cutting-edge video technology to reach more patients in less time.

Do patients with age-related macular degeneration have trouble with touch screens?
Older adults with central vision loss caused by age-related macular degeneration have no problem with accuracy in performing touch screen tasks, according to a study in the October issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

'No Child Left Behind' leaves some voters behind
Assigning schools failing grades increases affluent voter turnout in local elections, a Duke researcher finds.

Mobile app records our erratic eating habits
Breakfast, lunch, and dinner? For too many of us, the three meals of the day go more like: office meeting pastry, mid-afternoon energy drink, and midnight pizza.

'Remote control' of immune cells opens door to safer, more precise cancer therapies
UCSF researchers have engineered a molecular 'on switch' that allows tight control over the actions of T cells, immune system cells that have shown great potential as therapies for cancer.

Rapidly assessing the next influenza pandemic
Influenza pandemics are potentially the most serious natural catastrophes that affect the human population.

New method to better understand atomic nuclei
The precise structure of atomic nuclei is an old problem that has not been fully solved yet, and it also constitutes a current research focus in the field of natural sciences.

UAF model used to estimate Antarctic ice sheet melting
To see how burning up the Earth's available fossil fuels might affect the Antarctic ice sheet, scientists turned to a computer program developed at the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute.

Study finds significant differences in frailty by region and by race among older Americans
A large-scale survey of older Americans living at home or in assisted living settings found that 15 percent are frail, a diminished state that makes people more vulnerable to falls, chronic disease and disability.

Researchers propose ecological route to plant disease control
New research involving a scientist at the University of York has revealed a potential natural defense against invasive pathogens which damage food crops across the world.

Blacklists protect the rainforest
Brazil's public authorities regularly publish 'blacklists' of municipalities with high illegal deforestation rates.

Join GSA in Orlando for the nation's premier aging conference
The Gerontological Society of America invites all journalists to attend its 68th Annual Scientific Meeting -- the country's largest interdisciplinary conference in the field of aging -- from Nov.

Geneticists launch Matchmaker Exchange for rare disease gene discovery
In a special issue of Human Mutation, a team including investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital has announced the launch of the Matchmaker Exchange -- a way for the rare disease community to share information and find new connections.

Kids with asthma that are exposed to secondhand smoke have twice as many hospitalizations
The risk for hospitalization doubles for kids with asthma who are exposed to secondhand smoke, according to a study led by Mayo Clinic Children's Research Center.

Information handling by some health apps not as secure as it should be
Some health apps that have been clinically accredited may not have been complying with principles of data protection, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

Computer scientist seeks stronger security shroud for the cloud
Dr. Zhiqiang Lin, of the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science at UT Dallas, is working to advance the field of cloud computing, and in the process, has developed a technique that allows one computer in a virtual network to monitor another for invasions or viruses.

Number of young female anesthesiologists increases, but wages lower than male colleagues
The RAND study analyzed a 2013 survey of members of the American Society of Anesthesiologists that found 40 percent of anesthesiologists under the age of 36 were female, a substantial increase over 2007 when 26 percent of young anesthesiologists were women.

DARPA awards $32 million contract to MIT, Broad Institute Foundry
A facility at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and MIT that aims to achieve the full potential of engineering biology has received a five-year, $32 million contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Newly identified biochemical pathway could be target for insulin control
Researchers at Duke Medicine and the University of Alberta are reporting the identification of a new biochemical pathway to control insulin secretion from islet beta cells in the pancreas, establishing a potential target for insulin control.

11-year cosmic search leads to black hole rethink
One hundred years since Einstein proposed gravitational waves as part of his general theory of relativity, an 11-year search performed with CSIRO's Parkes telescope has failed to detect them, casting doubt on our understanding of galaxies and black holes.

Fungi may lead to cheaper cancer treatment: University of Guelph study
Cheaper anti-cancer drugs for humans might ultimately stem from a new study by University of Guelph scientists into a kind of microbial 'bandage' that protects yew trees from disease-causing fungi.

Kenyan journalists covering life-threatening events at increased risk of psychological harm
The first major study of the emotional well-being of journalists covering violent events in an African country replicates findings from Western media, namely that journalists who report on life-threatening events are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety.

Brown University Superfund Research Program earns $10.8M for five-year renewal
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has renewed the Superfund Research Program for a third multiyear period of support.

Expanded education for women in Malawi does not lead to later childbearing
The age at first birth in Malawi has remained constant from 1992 to 2010, despite expanded access to education for girls.

New clinical trial at SLU treats preeclampsia in second-trimester pregnancies
Saint Louis University is participating in a Phase III clinical trial for a drug to treat early-onset preeclampsia in pregnant women that could increase the length of pregnancy, resulting in improved fetal outcomes and reduced infant mortality.

Of brains and bones: How hunger neurons control bone mass
In an advance that helps clarify the role of a cluster of neurons in the brain, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that these neurons not only control hunger and appetite, but also regulate bone mass. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to