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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | September 25, 2015


Reproducible neuroscience with real tango
Most neuroscientific studies rely on a single experiment and assume their findings to be reliable.
Stanford scientists help discover Pacific bluefin tunas' favorite feeding spots
Stanford scientists devises a new methodology for measuring how and when ocean predators consume prey, and identify the Pacific bluefin's favorite hot spots, information that can inform conservation strategies.
Having the 'right' connections only gets you so far
Working with a highly reputable corporate leader helps managers get promoted to senior positions in the short term, but such a career boost is balanced in the longer-term as competitive job markets, including professional sports, punish those managers who initially benefited.
What powers the pumping heart?
Researchers at the Ted Rogers Centre for Heart Research have uncovered a treasure trove of proteins, which hold answers about how our heart pumps -- a phenomenon known as contractility.
War's greatest picture
Seventy-five years after Nazi Germany's 267-day World War II bombing siege on Great Britain, street photographer Herbert Mason's portrait of St.
New study identifies four distinct types of millennial news consumers
A new study explores the news habits of Millennials and identifies four distinct groups of news consumers: the Unattached, the Explorers, the Distracted, and the Activists.
Study links US polarization to TV news deregulation
Increasing American political polarization is linked to television news deregulation following the federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, according to a Washington State University study.
Plants with jobs
Two University of Toronto Scarborough scientists have developed a new research framework for the agricultural sector that offers evidence-based understanding of the relationship between short-term yields, long-term sustainability and biodiversity.
ORNL demonstrates road to supercapacitors for scrap tires
Some of the 300 million tires discarded each year in the United States alone could be used in supercapacitors for vehicles and the electric grid using a technology developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Drexel University.
Tick spit protein may trigger allergic reactions
Ticks have had millions of years to figure out how to bite without triggering their victims' immune response.
Nivolumab improves overall survival in patients with advanced kidney cancer
The targeted drug nivolumab significantly prolongs survival in patients with advanced kidney cancer, whose disease has progressed after their first treatment, according to results to be presented at the 2015 European Cancer Congress on Saturday and published simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Research shows dried plums can reduce risk of colon cancer
Researchers from Texas A&M University and the University of North Carolina have shown a diet containing dried plums can positively affect microbiota, also referred to as gut bacteria, throughout the colon, helping reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Researchers discover a new mechanism of proteins to block HIV
There is little doubt that the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is devastating.
Cabozantinib improves survival in patients with advanced kidney cancer
Patients with advanced kidney cancer live for nearly twice as long without their disease progressing if they are treated with cabozantinib, a drug that inhibits the action of tyrosine kinases -- enzymes that function as an 'on' or 'off' switch in many cellular processes, including cancer.
Small-scale nuclear fusion may be a new energy source
Fusion energy may soon be used in small-scale power stations.
Microalgae used to clean up oil refinery wastewater in successful test facility
At a Chevron oil refinery in Hawaii, researchers are growing microalgae in a 5,000-liter photobioreactor, flowing wastewater from the refinery through the reactor, and taking advantage of the algae's appetite for chemical nutrients to polish the water, removing noxious chemicals, including 90 percent of the ammonia-nitrogen and 97 percent of the phosphorus.
Breaking the anxiety cycle
Children of anxious parents are at increased risk for developing the disorder.
EUROCARE data show large variations in survival from blood cancers in Europe
Comparisons of cancer patients' survival and care in Europe up to 2007 show that although more patients are surviving for at least five years after diagnosis, there are large variations between countries, which are particularly significant in cancers of the blood.
Diabetes medication could be used to treat alcohol dependence
A new study on mice and rats at Sahlgrenska Academy shows that a medication used for diabetes and obesity also could be a valuable tool for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
A mutated gene found in families with multiple tumors, including cardiac angiosarcoma
The mutation found in the POT1 gene causes a rare hereditary syndrome in which patients present multiple tumors, including cardiac angiosarcoma (CAS).
Study comparing of crash risk of EU and US vehicles indicates differences in performance
An international research study examined the hypotheses that vehicles meeting EU safety standards perform similarly to US-regulated vehicles in the US driving environment, and vice versa.
Opening new doors
UC Santa Barbara has been selected to receive a $2.6 million grant from the US Department of Education for Opening New Doors to Accelerating Success, a new Title V program.
Countries have a long way to go to reduce the burden of NCD (non-communicable disease)
The global pandemic of non-communicable diseases, which is progressing most rapidly in low-income and middle-income countries, led the UN to issue a political declaration on the need to counter the crisis.
Root microbiome engineering improves plant growth
Humans have been breeding crops until they're bigger and more nutritious since the early days of agriculture, but genetic manipulation isn't the only way to give plants a boost.
COPD heightens deadly lung cancer risk in smokers
Smokers who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder may face nearly twice the risk of getting small cell lung cancer -- the deadliest form of lung cancer -- than smokers who don't have COPD, according to a large worldwide study led by researchers at the Harvard T.H.
NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Niala
NASA's Aqua satellite saw wind shear was affecting newborn Tropical Storm Niala as it continued moving through the Central Atlantic Ocean.
Poorly qualified workers with a migration background have income advantages in Germany
An analysis of data collected in the German micro-census 2005-2011 has revealed that contradictory to popular perception, the economic situation of poorly qualified workers from immigrant families is not worse than that of their German peers.
Development of trust in B2B relationships calls for common goals
The development of trust in business-to-business relationships calls for goal congruence, according to a recent University of Eastern Finland and Cranfield University study shedding new light on power symmetry in business-to-business relationships.
Study adds to evidence that viruses are alive
A new analysis supports the hypothesis that viruses are living entities that share a long evolutionary history with cells, researchers report.
'Fossils' of galaxies reveal the formation and evolution of massive galaxies
An international team observed massive dead galaxies in the universe four billion years after the Big Bang with NAOJ's Subaru Telescope.
Extreme Pacific sea level events to double in future
Many tropical Pacific island nations are struggling to adapt to gradual sea level rise stemming from warming oceans and melting ice caps.
I've got your back -- fishes really do look after their mates!
When it comes to helping each other out, it turns out that some fish are better at it than previously thought.
Doctoral math students' career options multiply with training program
Beginning this fall, the Department of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas is offering new opportunities for doctoral students in mathematics and statistics to prepare them for a wide range of career paths.
Bernd Rendel Prize 2015 recognizes early successes in geosciences
Looking into the Earth and up to the sun -- Eleanor Berryman and Benedikt Soja to receive award at annual meeting of German Geological Society on Oct.
Breakthrough study demonstrates survival advantage with immune checkpoint inhibitor for advanced kidney cancer patients
For the first time, an immune checkpoint inhibitor has been proven to increase survival among patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, a patient population for whom treatment options are currently limited.
NIH launches landmark study on substance use and adolescent brain development
The National Institutes of Health today awarded 13 grants to research institutions around the country as part of a landmark study about the effects of adolescent substance use on the developing brain.
Scientists stop and search malware hidden in shortened URLs on Twitter
Cyber-criminals are taking advantage of real-world events with high volumes of traffic on Twitter in order to post links to websites which contain malware.
2-million-year-old fossils reveal hearing abilities of early humans
Research into human fossils dating back to approximately two million years ago reveals that the hearing pattern resembles chimpanzees, but with some slight differences in the direction of humans.
Scientists to explore whether the loss of CO2 caused Earth to cool 3 million years ago
Scientists at the University of Rochester expect to learn more about the role of CO2 in climate change through a study of reverse global warming -- by researching the first ice sheets formed in the Northern Hemisphere.
Should I stay or should I go? On the importance of aversive memories and the endogenous cannabinoid
Memory is not a simple box of souvenirs; it is also, and most importantly, a safety system for organisms.
Scientists discover new system for human genome editing
A team including the scientist who first harnessed the revolutionary CRISPR-Cas9 system for mammalian genome editing has now identified a different CRISPR system with the potential for even simpler and more precise genome engineering.
HP to use Professor Sal Stolfo's host-based defense technology for embedded devices
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed technology, now commercially available through Red Balloon Security, that significantly reduces the threat of embedded device malware attacks on end users and organizations.
Developing new omics-based diagnostic tools to better manage yeast infections in humans
OPATHY is a new European training network aimed to developing new diagnostic tools to study and manage human yeast infections.
New diversity for lager beers
Unlike ales, lager beers differ little in flavor. But now, by creating new crosses among the relevant yeasts, Kevin Verstrepen, Ph.D., Stijn Mertens, and their collaborators have opened up new horizons of taste.
Simulation of chiral edge states in a quantum system
Researchers in Florence and Innsbruck have simulated a physical phenomenon in an atomic quantum gas that can also be observed at the edge of some condensed matter systems: chiral currents.
Primary surgery is linked with survival benefit in patients with advanced throat cancer
Patients with cancers of the mid- and lower throat may have higher survival rates if their initial treatment includes surgery, according to new research presented to the 2015 European Cancer Congress on Saturday.
Proposed standards for triboelectric nanogenerators could facilitate comparisons
To provide a means for both comparing and selecting energy-harvesting nanogenerators for specific applications, the Georgia Tech research group that pioneered the triboelectric nanogenerator technology has now proposed a set of standards for quantifying device performance.
Study outlines how to achieve improved airline fuel savings
Antonio Trani, director of Virginia Tech's Air Transportation Systems Laboratory and a professor of civil and environmental engineering, led a study that provided evidence for tactical recommendations on restricted cruise altitudes for aircraft crossing the North Atlantic oceanic airspace.
Deep-diving whales could hold answer for synthetic blood
The ultra-stable properties of the proteins that allow deep-diving whales to remain active while holding their breath for up to two hours could help Rice University biochemist John Olson and his colleagues finish a 20-year quest to create lifesaving synthetic blood for human trauma patients.
€25 million for Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis at Mainz University Medical Center
An international committee of experts has reviewed and recommended the funding of the Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis (CTH) at the Mainz University Medical Center for an additional five years.
UT Dallas Geospatial Information Sciences Program lands on map as center for excellence
The geospatial information sciences program in the School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences has been named a Center for Academic Excellence as part of a new federal initiative to prepare future workers for fields such as homeland and global security and disaster management.
How do highly social wildlife species survive disease?
Researchers will determine how sociality and infectious disease interact and influence group and population level survival in social wildlife species.
Companies increase profits with multichannel shoppers: Study in INFORMS' Marketing Science
Companies can increase profits by getting customers to buy through more than one channel, for example the bricks-and-mortar store and the Internet rather than the store alone.
Bravo to biomass
A new University of Iowa study documents that biomass burning has positive environmental and public-health effects.
Identification of a novel protein that protects against bowel inflammation
A group of researchers, led by Professor Matozaki Takashi and Associate Professor Murata Yoji at the Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine Division of Molecular and Cellular Signaling, were the first to demonstrate the role of stomach cancer-associated protein tyrosine phosphatase (SAP)-1 in the pathogenesis and prevention of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and other inflammatory bowel disorders.
NASA's GPM measures meandering Tropical Depression Ida's precipitation
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core observatory satellite had another good view of meandering tropical storm Ida located in the central Atlantic Ocean and measured rainfall rates within the storm.
Affiliation between UT Southwestern and Dallas-area ACO forms largest clinically integrated network
UT Southwestern Clinically Affiliated Physicians and Genesis Accountable Physician Network aim to improve patient care and reduce costs through unique affiliation of community and faculty physicians.
Typhoon Dujuan gives NASA an eye-opening performance
Former Tropical Storm Dujuan strengthened into a typhoon and when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead it got a clear look at the storm's new large eye.
Exploration of stable, crystalline, porous covalent organic frameworks
Hong Xu, a Ph.D. at the Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of National Sciences, and his colleagues challenged for the design and synthesis of stable, crystalline, porous, covalent organic frameworks.
Study: Companies like Volkswagen often apologize, silence stakeholders, forget the scandal
Researchers have found that large corporations often try to get over their corporate irresponsibility by first asking for forgiveness and then silencing their stakeholders.
The origin and spread of 'Emperor's rice'
Black rice was prized in ancient times for its color and is prized in modern times for its high levels of antioxidants, but its early history has been shrouded in mystery until now.
A different type of 2-D semiconductor
Berkeley Lab researchers have produced the first atomically thin 2-D sheets of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites.
Keck School of Medicine of USC postdoctoral fellow receives first Hearst Fellowship
Albert D. Kim, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at the University of Southern California, is the first Keck School of Medicine of USC researcher to win a Hearst Fellowship for his work investigating how to turn stem cells into nephrons, the functional units of the kidney.
Chip-based technology enables reliable direct detection of Ebola virus
A team led by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has developed chip-based technology for reliable detection of Ebola virus and other viral pathogens.
A new catalyst for industrial polyethylene production synthesized
Newly discovered catalyst will find its application in polyethylene production, which is used for gas and oil-transporting pipelines, synthetic oil, lubricants, cleaning agents and other household items.
Researchers' model helps predict consumer spending
A recent study from the University of Texas at Dallas uses a new methodology to predict consumer spending at competitors.

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