Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2015
Scientists simulate Earth's middle crust to understand earthquakes
Researchers have for the first time been able to measure a material's resistance to fracturing from various types of tectonic motions in the Earth's middle crust, a discovery that may lead to better understanding of how large earthquakes and slower moving events interact.

Air pollution and traffic linked to deaths and organ rejection in lung transplant patients
Researchers have shown for the first time that lung transplant patients in Europe who live on or near busy roads with high levels of air pollution are more likely to die or to experience chronic organ rejection, than those living in less polluted areas.

Our brain's secrets to success?
We owe our success -- both as a species and as individuals -- to features of our brain that are just now beginning to be understood.

New research exposes the health risks of fructose and sugary drinks
There is compelling evidence that drinking too many sugar-sweetened beverages, which contain added sugars in the form of high fructose corn syrup or table sugar (sucrose), can lead to excess weight gain and a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to a new review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Responses to treatment, outcomes of autoimmune cerebellar ataxia
While autoimmune cerebellar ataxia (a loss of muscle coordination) can lead to severe disability with some patients becoming wheelchair-bound, there are factors that may help to predict better immunotherapy response and neurological outcomes, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

First classification of severe asthma
Severe asthma can have a devastating effect on sufferers, affecting their ability to work or go to school and to lead normal lives.

Kansas State University uses $1.5 million grant to upgrade nuclear reactor
Kansas State University's nuclear reactor control is getting a much-needed upgrade, funded by a $1.5 million Nuclear Engineering University Partnerships grant from the US Department of Energy.

Kessler researchers link spatial neglect after stroke with poor outcomes
Using the Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process, Kessler researchers found a high rate of spatial neglect among inpatients with stroke.

Low-cost blood test good predictor of increased bleeding risk in pediatric trauma patients
A team of researchers from the Trauma Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles conclude that an admission hematocrit provides a reliable screening test for identifying pediatric patients who are at an increased risk of bleeding after injury.

Scientists determine color of ancient mammals
For the first time, the original color of a fossil mammal has been described by scientists from the University of Bristol, UK and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, US.

A new single-molecule tool to observe enzymes at work
A team of scientists at the University of Washington and the biotechnology company Illumina have created an innovative tool to directly detect the delicate, single-molecule interactions between DNA and enzymatic proteins.

NCI renews funding for San Diego Universities, community health centers to work together
A collaborative program aimed at reducing the burden of cancer among Hispanic/Latinos in San Diego and Imperial counties through research and community outreach has received a $13 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Social deprivation and gender affects incidence of Hodgkin's lymphoma
Living in overcrowded conditions appears to protect children and young adults against developing a particular type of Hodgkin's lymphoma, a cancer that originates from the lymphocytes (white blood cells).

Scientists decode structure at root of muscular disease
Researchers at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have unlocked the structural details of a protein seen as key to treating nemaline myopathy, a neuromuscular disease that causes muscle weakness.

Rather than screen all immigrants for TB, developed countries could be more focused
While Canada screens all immigrants for tuberculosis, the vast majority of active cases of the disease are found in people arriving from a handful of countries where TB is prevalent, new research suggests.

Ice samples from Greenland and Russia provide clues to past and future climate change
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered evidence of carbonaceous aerosols -- organic dust -- transported from Asia and deposited in the Arctic over the last 450 years, according to research published Sept.

Early exposure to tobacco as a cause of behavioral problems in children
Researchers from Inserm and Pierre and Marie Curie University, in collaboration with the university hospitals of six French cities, have analyzed data on pre- and postnatal exposure to tobacco in the homes of 5,200 primary school children.

King crabs threaten Antarctic ecosystem due to warming ocean
King crabs may soon become high-level predators in Antarctic marine ecosystems where they haven't played a role in tens of millions of years, according to a new study led by Florida Institute of Technology.

Monsoon mission: A better way to predict Indian weather?
To better understand global weather patterns and increase scientific collaboration between the US and India, researchers supported by the Office of Naval Research have completed a month-long cruise studying summer monsoon conditions in the Bay of Bengal.

CU Anschutz researchers say hormone might break cycle of obesity
As obesity rates for pregnant women continue to climb, scientists at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered that increasing a specific hormone during pregnancy can reduce or eliminate the chances that the baby will become obese as well.

Predicting arrhythmias so as to prevent them
Researchers have discovered how to predict some cardiac arrhythmias several steps before they even occur.

Goods manufactured in China not good for the environment, study finds
In a study published today in the journal Nature Climate Change, scientists from three universities show that products made in China are associated with significantly higher carbon dioxide emissions than the same products made elsewhere.

Tiny, record-breaking Chinese land snails fit almost 10 times into the eye of a needle
Land snails vary between 1 mm and 20 cm in terms of the largest diameter of their shells.

Men more likely to be seen as 'creative thinkers'
People tend to associate the ability to think creatively with stereotypical masculine qualities, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

How sign language users learn intonation
A spoken language is more than just words and sounds.

Why is an object's size perceived the same regardless of changes in distance?
A group of researchers at Osaka University found that neurons in the monkey visual cortical area V4*1, one of the areas in the visual cortex, calculate the size of an object based on information on its retinal image size and the distance from the object.

Effect of decision aid in selecting antidepressant
Use of a decision aid helped primary care clinicians and patients with moderate to severe depression select antidepressants together but had no discernible effect on depression control and medication use and adherence, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Smoking increases hospitalizations, costs of peripheral artery disease
An analysis of medical costs associated with atherosclerotic lower extremity peripheral artery disease, a dangerous condition in which a buildup of plaque in the arteries restricts blood flow to the legs and feet, found that health care costs in one year were $18,000 higher in smokers with the condition than non-smokers with the condition.

NYC risks future flooding during hurricanes
Whether or not a coastal city floods during a hurricane depends on the storm, tide and sea level, and now a team of climate scientists show that the risk of New York City flooding has increased dramatically during the industrial era as a result of human-caused climate change.

Monkeys and humans see visual illusions in similar way, study finds
Monkeys perceive visual illusions in the same way great apes and humans see them, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

Future Science Group joins the AllTrials campaign
Future Science Group today announced its support of the AllTrials campaign.

Heat waves hit heat islands hardest
A new University of Wisconsin-Madison study details how extreme temperatures affect urban heat islands -- densely built areas where heat-retaining asphalt, brick and concrete make things hotter than their nonurban surroundings.

Two-drug combination helps older adults with hard-to-treat depression
More than half of older adults with clinical depression don't get better when treated with an antidepressant.

Malaysia passes per capita GDP milestone en route to developed country status
Malaysia has passed an important milestone on its way to developed country status: GDP per capita -- $10,830 in 2014 -- exceeds for the first time the world average, $10,804.

Maintaining healthy DNA delays menopause
An international study of nearly 70,000 women has identified more than 40 regions of the human genome involved in governing at what age a woman goes through menopause.

Gone fishing: Loss of ocean predators has impact on climate change strategies
As Australia engages in debate over shark culling, new research says unsustainable harvesting of larger fish will affect how we tackle climate change.

CTCA at Western First Arizona Hospital awarded Joint Commission Lung Cancer Certification
Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) at Western Regional Medical Center (Western) in Goodyear, Arizona, announced that it has earned The Joint Commission's Gold Seal of Approval® for Lung Cancer Certification.

Snoring kids, abnormal sleep time and NIH funding
Among the new research to be presented tomorrow at the 2015 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) in Dallas are several studies about sleep health.

Review suggests metformin associated with small height increase in children
A review of the medical literature suggests the diabetes medication metformin may be associated with a small increase in height in children and adolescents in randomized clinical trials providing the largest cumulative metformin doses, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

NASA satellites dissect Typhoon Dujuan affecting Taiwan
NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites provided visible and infrared data on Typhoon Dujuan's clouds while NASA's RapidScat instrument analyzed the storm's powerful winds as it approached Taiwan.

Coverage of celebrity's mastectomy has improved awareness of reconstructive breast surgery options
A new study found improved public awareness about reconstructive breast surgery options following Angelina Jolie's decision to undergo a double mastectomy and subsequent reconstruction.

Best way to prepare fat cells for grafting? The jury's still out...
Fat grafting -- taking fat from one area of the body and transferring it elsewhere -- has become a widely used plastic surgery technique.

Be on the lookout this fall: Deer-vehicle collisions increase during breeding season
Fall is prime breeding season for deer across Georgia. It's also when drivers are more likely to hit deer that run into the road, according to a new study from the University of Georgia.

Offshore wind farms could be more risky for gannets than previously thought, study shows
Offshore wind farms which are to be built in waters around the UK could pose a greater threat to protected populations of gannets than previously thought, according to a new study by researchers at the universities of Leeds, Exeter and Glasgow.

Bacteria in ancient flea may be ancestor of the Black Death
A 20-million-year-old flea, entombed in amber with tiny bacteria attached to it, provides what researchers believe may be the oldest evidence on Earth of a dreaded and historic killer -- an ancient strain of the bubonic plague.

Molecular 'kiss of death' flags pathogens
Disease-causing microorganisms hide in protective bubbles on the cell surface called vacuoles, making it difficult for the immune system to recognize and destroy them without causing harm to the rest of the cell.

Workplace exposure to metalworking fluid may cause irreversible lung disease
Occupational exposure to fluid commonly used in metal machining operations may be related to a rare, irreversible lung disease, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society's International Congress on Sept.

App will have athletes seeing double to make them think twice about concussions
College football players and other student-athletes will be more likely to report concussions after using a virtual reality app being developed at the University of Arizona.

Butter is not back: Limiting saturated fat still best for heart health
People who replace saturated fat (mainly found in meats and dairy foods) in their diets with refined carbohydrates do not lower their risk of heart disease, according to a new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H.

First 'targeted' treatment for small cell lung cancer shows promise
Today US researchers will present two novel findings with important implications for treatment of small cell lung cancer at the 2015 European Cancer Congress.

Disney researchers use air-filled modules to grasp, manipulate delicate objects
Much like Baymax, the robot star of the animated feature 'Big Hero 6,' a soft robot skin developed by Disney Research uses air-filled cavities to cushion collisions and to provide the pressure feedback necessary for grasping delicate objects.

Cognitive behavior therapy intervention effective for depression but not self-care for heart failure
A cognitive behavior therapy intervention that targeted both depression and heart failure self-care was effective for depression but not for heart failure self-care or physical functioning compared to enhanced usual care, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Africa could be the answer to delaying 'peak grain'
With many countries approaching peak agricultural output, scientists at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and Wageningen University in the Netherlands compared differences between actual and potential yields for major food crops worldwide.

The citizen and the embryo: Birth weight affects social trust, Danish study shows
Low birth weight is statistically correlated with low levels of social trust, new study from the School of Business and Social Sciences.

New article identifies issues for transgender treatment in emergency departments
A new article published in the Journal of Emergency Nursing identifies the implications for the nursing practice when treating a transgender person.

ACP: Not all patients need imaging for suspected PE
When evaluating patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism (PE), physicians should stratify patients into groups for whom different diagnostic strategies are appropriate, the American College of Physicians advises in a new paper published today in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Study examines impact of global food consumption on heart disease
More than 80 percent of cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, but very little data on the impact of diet on cardiovascular disease exists from these countries.

Flood risk on rise for New York City and New Jersey coast, study finds
For the first time, climate researchers compared both sea-level rise rates and storm surge heights in prehistoric and modern eras and found that the combined increases of each have raised the likelihood of a devastating 500-year flood occurring as often as every 25 years.

University of South Florida researchers battle red tide with two new grants
Scientists from the University of South Florida and colleagues have received a total of more than $750,000 in two separate grants to further the development and implementation of new technologies to forecast occurrences of 'red tide' and to identify Karenia brevis, the organism that lies at the root of the toxic blooms.

Unsaturated fats, high-quality carbs lower risk of heart disease
While eliminating saturated fats can improve heart health, a new study shows that it makes a difference which foods are used in their place.

New tech automatically 'tunes' powered prosthetics while walking
When amputees receive powered prosthetic legs, the power of the prosthetic limbs needs to be tuned by a prosthetics expert so that a patient can move normally -- but the prosthetic often needs repeated re-tuning.

Active senior travelers have different approaches to technology
Are you an Adventurous Experimenter, a Meticulous Researcher or a Fumbling Observer?

High cardiovascular hormone/peptide levels in cancer patients linked to shorter survival
High circulating levels of cardiovascular hormones/peptides in cancer patients are linked to shorter survival, regardless of disease type and stage of progression, reveals research published online in the journal Heart.

New drug improves outcome in treatment resistant kidney cancer
A new drug for renal cell carcinoma slowed the growth of advanced kidney cancer in patients who became resistant to the first-line therapies that had previously kept it in check, according to results from a clinical trial led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

NASA's RapidScat sees the end of Tropical Storm Ida
The RapidScat instrument saw former Tropical Storm Ida's waning winds when the International Space Station passed over the remnant low pressure area on Sept.

A light touch: Embedded optical sensors could make robotic hands more dexterous
Optical sensors may be uniquely suited for use in robotic hands, according to Carnegie Mellon University researchers who have developed a three-fingered soft robotic hand with multiple embedded fiber optic sensors.

Keeping cells in good shape
The Cell Shape and Expression, or Cytospace, investigation examined how physical forces -- including shear stress, stiffness, surface tension, and gravity -- change the relationships among these proteins, interfering with cell architecture and changing the geometric form, or shape, of the cell.

The Miriam Hospital earns national recertification for high-quality bariatric patient care
The Center for Bariatric Surgery has earned certification for adult and teen weight loss surgery under the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program which sets standards for safe, high-quality bariatric patient care.

Multi-gene test enables some breast cancer patients to safely avoid chemotherapy
A major study published in the New England Journal of Medicine is providing the best evidence to date that a 21-gene test done on the tumor can identify breast cancer patients who can safely avoid chemotherapy.

Researchers ID pigment from fossils, revealing color of extinct animals
Scientists from Virginia Tech and the University of Bristol have revealed how pigment can be detected in mammal fossils, a discovery that may end the guesswork in determining the colors of long extinct species.

A natural light switch
MIT scientists, working with colleagues in Spain, have discovered and mapped a light-sensing protein that uses vitamin B12 to perform key functions, including gene regulation.

Universal TB screening of immigrants to Canada costly, inefficient
Canada's blanket practice of screening all newly arriving immigrants for tuberculosis is highly inefficient and should focus on only those arriving from countries with high rates of TB, according to research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Identifying problems with national identifiers
A team of Harvard researchers in two experiments was able to decrypt more than 23,000 RRNs using both computation and logical reasoning.

Word 'breakthrough' dramatically affects perceptions of a new drug's effectiveness
Dartmouth Institute researchers Lisa Schwartz and Steven Woloshin and Tamar Krishnamurtia and Baruch Fischhoff from Carnegie Mellon University, took a look at how catchphrases such as 'breakthrough' and 'promising' affect public perception of a new drug.

Legal drinking age of 18 tied to high school dropout rate
Although there have been calls to lower the legal drinking age from 21, a new study raises the possibility that it could have the unintended effect of boosting the high school dropout rate.

Portable, rapid DNA test can detect Ebola and other pathogens
UCSF-led scientists completed a proof-of-principle study on a real-time blood test based on DNA sequencing that can be used to rapidly diagnose Ebola and other acute infections.

Breakthroughs need in-depth knowledge, not just cross-collaboration, study shows
Most high-impact innovation happens when knowledge and people from different fields are brought together to create something new, previous research has found.

$2.1 million grant will support the development of an all-in-one 3-D electronics printer
The University of Texas at El Paso has received a $2.1 million grant to develop a next-generation 3-D printer.

How ocean circulation changed atmospheric CO2
Changes to overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean as a result of temperatures over Antarctica play key role in carbon uptake by the oceans.

Health hazards of occupational exposure to talc
Talc, a substance commonly used in a number of manufacturing processes, including many in the food processing industry, is a health hazard and exposure to it should be closely monitored, say researchers from the Netherlands.

Opening up product design to the consumer through 3-D printing
Through the use of 3-D printing, product designers can enable the consumer to design their own everyday products thereby creating more meaningful products for people and more value for companies.

Particular brain connections linked to positive human traits
There is a strong correspondence between a particular set of connections in the brain and positive lifestyle and behavior traits, according to a new study by Oxford University researchers.

Self-assembling material that grows and changes shape could lead to artificial arteries
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London have developed a way of assembling organic molecules into complex tubular tissue-like structures without the use of moulds or techniques like 3-D printing.

Launch of Astrosat first Indian astronomy satellite
The first Indian astronomy satellite Astrosat, was launched on Sept.

Warmer temperatures stimulate diversity of soil fungi
New research on Antarctic soil fungi shows they are stimulated by warmer temperatures and could increase if the region continues to warm.

BIDMC receives $11.3M grant renewal for Kidney Cancer SPORE
BIDMC oversees the NCI's only Kidney Cancer SPORE.

Identifying common objectives for crop wild relatives symposium
Collecting genetic information from crop wild relatives may preserve valuable traits but takes cooperation.

Data presented at TCT will show whether the 'dissapearing' stent is a breakthrough in PCI
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the annual scientific symposium of CRF and the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine.

Ocean circulation rethink solves climate conundrum
Researchers from the University of Exeter believe they have solved one of the biggest puzzles in climate science.

Researchers discover key link in understanding billion-dollar pests in agriculture
Invisible to the naked eye, plant-parasitic nematodes are a huge threat to agriculture, causing billions in crop losses every year.

ACP: Doctors should stratify patients with suspected PE to determine diagnostic strategy
When evaluating patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism, physicians should stratify patients into groups for whom different diagnostic strategies are appropriate, the American College of Physicians advises in a new paper published today in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Scientists use microchip approach to visualize human breast cancer proteins
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists present a new molecular toolkit to investigate protein assemblies natively formed in the context of human disease.

Increased internet access led to a rise in racial hate crimes in the early 2000s
New research from Carlson School of Management Professor Jason Chan and NYU Stern Professors Anindya Ghose and Robert Seamans finds that broadband availability increased the incidence of racial hate crimes committed by lone-wolf perpetrators in the United States during the period 2001-2008.

Biotechnology: Tweaking proteins with 'Tub-tag'
Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich, together with colleagues based in Berlin, have developed a rapid and efficient technique for targeted chemoenzymatic functionalization of proteins.

Disney Research's algorithm finds best places to put cameras for 3-D reconstructions
An online algorithm devised by Disney Research enables filmmakers to determine the optimal number and location of cameras for capturing a given scene, enabling them to amass the data that they increasingly want and need during post-production.

NASA's SDO captures image of mid-class solar flare
The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 10:58 a.m.

Finding about how water gets into neurons provides new treatment targets for deadly brain swelling
High-efficiency transporters that work like a shuttle system to constantly move ions into and out of neurons appear to slam into reverse following a stroke or other injury and start delivering instead too much water, scientists have found.

ASU study finds weather extremes harmful to grasslands
Fluctuations in extreme weather events, such as heavy rains and droughts, are affecting ecosystems in unexpected ways -- creating 'winners and losers' among plant species that humans depend upon for food.

Drones could make forest conservation monitoring significantly cheaper
Drones could monitor the success of forest regeneration in the tropics, suggests a new study published in Biological Conservation.

Chemical exposure linked to rising diabetes, obesity risk
Emerging evidence ties endocrine-disrupting chemical exposure to two of the biggest public health threats facing society -- diabetes and obesity, according to the executive summary of an upcoming Scientific Statement issued today by the Endocrine Society.

Antarctic warming stimulates diversity of soil fungi
A landmark study published in Nature Climate Change today by Australian and British scientists predicts that climate change will have a major impact on life in Antarctica this century.

NSF supports Caltech-led global project to study cosmic flashes
An international project led by Caltech astrophysicist Mansi M. Kasliwal has been selected to receive $4.5 million over five years by the NSF through its Partnership for International Research and Education program.

UT Southwestern geneticist to receive Pearl Meister Greengard Prize
UT Southwestern Medical Center geneticist Dr. Helen Hobbs is the 2015 recipient of the prestigious Pearl Meister Greengard Prize.

High dietary fiber intake linked to health promoting short chain fatty acids
Eating a lot of fiber-rich foods, such as fruit, vegetables, and legumes -- typical of a Mediterranean diet -- is linked to a rise in health promoting short chain fatty acids, finds research published online in the journal Gut.

Study: Ancestral background can be determined by fingerprints
A proof-of-concept study finds that it is possible to identify an individual's ancestral background based on his or her fingerprint characteristics -- a discovery with significant applications for law enforcement and anthropological research.

Prototype lab in a needle could make real-time, mobile laboratory testing a reality
Researchers at Houston Methodist, along with collaborators at two major Singapore institutions, have developed a lab in a needle device that could provide instant results to routine lab tests, accelerating treatment and diagnosis by days.

NASA views new Atlantic tropical depression in infrared
The eleventh tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean formed early on Sept.

New research into completers and non-completers of offending behavior programs
University of Leicester study indicates that high-risk and impulsive offenders need extra support to engage with rehabilitation programs.

Immunotherapy superior to chemotherapy for lung cancer in trial involving UTSW
An international team of cancer researchers that included UT Southwestern Medical Center physicians announced 'game-changing results' using the immunotherapy drug nivolumab to treat certain lung cancers that failed to respond to first-line therapies.

Early life infections may be a risk factor for celiac disease in childhood
Children with frequent infections in the first 18 months of life have a slightly increased risk of later developing celiac disease compared with children who have few infections.

Computer-aided mammography detection not associated with improved accuracy
Computer-aided detection in screening mammography was not associated with improved diagnostic accuracy in a study that analyzed results from a large Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium database of digital screening mammograms, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

The Lancet Oncology: Over three-quarters of people with cancer worldwide have no access to safe surgery
Over 80 percent of the 15 million people diagnosed with cancer worldwide in 2015 will need surgery, but less than a quarter will have access to proper, safe, affordable surgical care when they need it, according to a major new Commission examining the state of global cancer surgery, published in The Lancet Oncology, and being presented at the 2015 European Cancer Congress in Vienna, Austria.

Scientists identify promising drug candidate to treat chronic itch & avoid side effects
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute describe a class of compounds with the potential to stop chronic itch without the adverse side effects normally associated with medicating the condition.

New guideline aims to help physicians manage deep vein blood clots in patients
A new Canadian guideline aims to help physicians identify and manage blood clots, specifically iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, in the groin and thigh.

Study finds childhood stress impacts adult health
A 45-year study of nearly 7,000 people born in a single week in Great Britain in 1958 found psychological distress in childhood -- even when conditions improved in adulthood -- was associated with higher risk for heart disease and diabetes later in life.

Novel tag developed for squid, jellyfish
Invertebrates, such as squid and jellyfish, play a crucial role in the marine food web and are also vital commercial fisheries.

New methods for collecting forensic DNA to combat sexual violence in conflict
University of Leicester project to empower victims and support prosecutions in cases of sexual violence in conflict zones.

Preventing cerebral palsy in preterm infants through dermal monitoring
A research group led by Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine Project Professor Morioka Ichiro and Professor Iijima Kazumoto (Department of Pediatrics) has suggested a potential method of screening for jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia), a cause of cerebral palsy and loss of hearing in preterm infants, using painless dermal monitoring.

Scientists solve deep ocean carbon riddle
New research involving scientists from University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre Southampton has identified a crucial process behind the reason why dissolved organic carbon levels in the deep oceans are constant despite a continuous supply from the surface ocean.

HRT safe and perhaps beneficial in women treated for ovarian cancer, major trial shows
Women with the commonest type of ovarian cancer can safely take hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and it could have a beneficial effect on their survival, a long-term clinical trial reports.

Connecting Alzheimer's disease and the immune system
In a new study published in Nature Neuroscience this week, researchers in the Ann Romney Center for Neurologic Diseases at Brigham and Women's Hospital investigate how genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease may influence a key type of immune cell.

Novel tool can identify COPD
A novel approach for the identification of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been developed by a team of researchers in the USA.

New England Journal of Medicine publishes initial data from TAILORx breast cancer trial
Initial results announced today from the Trial Assigning IndividuaLized Options for Treatment (Rx), or TAILORx, a prospectively conducted global trial in 10,000+ women with early stage breast cancer, found that 1,626 trial participants with low Oncotype DX® Recurrence Score® results (≤ 10) who got hormonal therapy alone without chemotherapy had <1 percent chance of distant recurrence at five years, providing evidence that women in the future may effectively forego chemotherapy if their Recurrence Score is ≤10.

Study shows insect diversity decreases in gardens with non-native plants
Research shows that non-native plants reduce the diversity of insect populations in gardens, even where the non-native plants are closely related to the native plants.

Early maturing girls at great risk of alcohol abuse without close parental supervision
Inadequate parental supervision during early adolescence forecasts a host of behavior problems, including problem drinking.

NIH invests $46 million in technologies to monitor placental health
The National Institutes of Health has announced $46 million in research awards for the Human Placenta Project, an initiative to revolutionize understanding of the placenta.

Decision aids help patients with depression feel better about medication choices
Choosing the right antidepressant can be a daunting task. With so many choices and such unpredictability in their individual effects, patients with depression often spend months or years casting about for the right medication, while clinicians are often uneasy or unwilling to offer options other than their preferred prescriptions.

UMD, partners receive $4.5 million to study cosmic flashes
A Caltech-led project that includes UMD astronomers has been selected to receive $4.5 million over five years by the National Science Foundation.

Attacking acute myeloid leukemia
A team of Harvard researchers and other collaborators led by Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology Matthew Shair has demonstrated that a molecule isolated from sea sponges and later synthesized in Shair's lab, can halt the growth of acute myeloid leukemia cells and could open the door to a new treatment for leukemia.

Flu infection reveals many paths to immune response
A new study of influenza infection in an animal model broadens understanding of how the immune system responds to flu virus, showing that the process is more dynamic than usually described, engaging a broader array of biological pathways.

First UK Biobank genetic study reveals new links between lung disease and smoking behavior
Smokers who survive their habit into old age may hold the key to better lung health for all, according to a Medical Research Council-funded study involving researchers at the University of Nottingham and the University of Leicester.

NASA's RapidScat spots Tropical Storm Niala's waning winds
The RapidScat instrument saw the strongest winds in the Central Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Niala were on the northwestern side, facing the Big Island of Hawaii while the rest of the storm was below tropical-storm strength.

A walk around the office can reverse vascular dysfunction caused by hours at a computer
Across the country, many employees are seated at desks for the majority of an eight-hour workday.

Milestone single-biomolecule imaging technique may advance drug design
The researchers from the University of Zurich, Switzerland have made a breakthrough by obtaining the first nanometer (one billionth of a meter) resolved image of individual tobacco mosaic virions, a rod-shaped RNA virus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Marty along west coast of Mexico
NASA's RapidScat instrument provided a look at the tropical-storm force winds within Tropical Storm Marty as it continued to hug the coast of western Mexico.

Houston, We Have a Narrative
Scientist-turned-filmmaker Randy Olson makes a powerful case for why scientists need to stop being scared and embrace storytelling

YONDELIS® receives marketing approval in Japan for the treatment of STS
PharmaMar announced that its partner in Japan, Taiho Pharmaceutical, received marketing approval for YONDELIS® (trabectedin) by the Japanese Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare for the treatment of patients with soft tissue sarcoma.

UC Davis researcher advocates ending Medicare coverage of controversial mammography tool
A costly tool used on nearly all mammograms does not increase cancer detection rates and should no longer be covered by Medicare, argues Joshua Fenton, a family physician and comparative effectiveness researcher in an editorial published online today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine.

Children with ADHD and their mothers may live less than average population
Brazilian scientists found that ADHD children and their mothers are more likely to have shorter telomeres, a hallmark of cellular aging, which is associated with increased risk for chronic diseases and conditions like diabetes, obesity and cancer.

Early intervention improves preschoolers' heart healthy habits
Introducing healthy lifestyle behaviors to children in preschool improves their knowledge, attitude and habits toward healthy diet and exercise and can lead to reduced levels of body fat, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Fewer, larger radiotherapy doses prove effective for prostate cancer patients
Giving fewer but higher doses of radiotherapy is as effective at treating prostate cancer as giving lower doses for a longer period, according to new research presented at the 2015 European Cancer Congress.

First optical rectenna -- combined rectifier and antenna -- converts light to DC current
Using nanometer-scale components, researchers have demonstrated the first optical rectenna, a device that combines the functions of an antenna and a rectifier diode to convert light directly into DC current.

Kolltan Pharmaceuticals announces KTN0158 preclinical data at ESMO 2015
Substantial shrinkage in tumors and favorable results from nonclinical toxicology studies support IND filing in 2015.

Crunching numbers: Math equations help build optimal bird wing
FSU Assistant Professor Nick Moore uses numbers to show how to build the best wing or fin.

Cancer diagnosis while pregnant should not lead to treatment delay or end of pregnancy
Women who are pregnant when diagnosed with cancer can start treatment for their disease immediately and do not need to terminate their pregnancy due to worries over the effects of therapy on the development of their child.

Earth-like planets around small stars likely have magnetic fields, aiding chance for life
Earth-like planets orbiting close to small stars probably have magnetic fields that protect them from stellar radiation and help maintain surface conditions that could be conducive to life, according to research from astronomers at the University of Washington.

Computer-aided detection does not improve breast cancer screening
In the largest study to date of computer-aided detection (CAD) for mammography, the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium found CAD improved no measure of accuracy of screening mammography: how often cancers were detected, how often something was incorrectly labeled as cancer, how often they were missed -- and may even have missed more cancers.

How to make better cookies with science (video)
Chocolate chip cookies are nearly universally adored. People like them in all sorts of textures, sizes and tastes.

HIV patients should be included in early clinical trials of anti-TB drugs
Tuberculosis is the number one cause of death in HIV-infected patients in Africa and a leading cause of death in this population worldwide, yet the majority of these patients are excluded from the early stages in the development of new, anti-tuberculosis drugs, according to findings presented Sept.

Sedentary behavior linked to heart risk in Hispanics
Hispanics who spend more of their time being sedentary may have more risk factors for heart disease and diabetes.

DART protein shows potential as shock-and-kill strategy against HIV
A unique molecule developed at Duke Medicine, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and MacroGenics, Inc., is able to bind HIV-infected cells to the immune system's killer T cells.

Which dermal fillers 'stick together' best? New method helps plastic surgeons choose the best product
With booming interest in dermal fillers for minimally invasive treatment of facial lines and wrinkles, plastic surgeons are looking for evidence to help them choose the product that will give the best results for their patients.

Weight loss surgery offers new hope to children and adolescents with Prader-Willi Syndrome
Obesity is a leading cause of complications and death in children suffering from Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), yet there are few effective treatment options for these patients. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to