Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2015
Plant pest reprograms the roots
Microscopic roundworms (nematodes) live like maggots in bacon: They penetrate into the roots of beets, potatoes or soybeans and feed on plant cells, which are full of energy.

Many top academics and professors serve on US healthcare company boards, reveals research
Nearly one in 10 healthcare company board positions are held by top academics from many of the most renowned medical and research institutions in the United States, finds a new study published in The BMJ this week.

Underdetection, not overdiagnosis, is the real problem in breast cancer screening
While screening mammography has a well-established history of reducing death from breast cancer and enabling earlier detection of breast disease, questions regarding overtreatment and overdiagnosis have entered the screening debate.

Competing mice reveal genetic defects
In recent years, University of Utah biologists showed that when wild-type mice compete in seminatural 'mouse barns' for food, territory and mates, they can suffer health problems not revealed by conventional toxicity tests.

Cornell, Sloan Kettering partner in $10M cancer center
Cornell University, in partnership with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), is opening a new $10 million Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence that brings together scientists, engineers, biologists and physicians to develop and translate new cancer care applications based on nanotechnology.

Controlling evaporative patterning transitions
The primary mechanism behind evaporative patterning has long been known: water evaporates faster at the edges of drops, which gives rise to a fluid flow carrying dissolved substances all the way to the edges.

Chapman University explores how number of sex partners differ by height and body mass
Chapman University has published research on how many sex partners people have relative to their height and body mass.

Dartmouth Thayer Engineering researchers produce breakthrough for photography
A revolutionary breakthrough is underway at Dartmouth's Thayer School of Engineering, an innovation that may usher in the next generation of light sensing technology with potential applications in scientific research and cellphone photography.

Large trees -- key climate influencers -- die first in drought
In forests worldwide, drought consistently has had a more detrimental impact on the growth and survival of larger trees, new research shows.

Hundreds to attend Parkinson's disease research symposium, patient meeting
Almost 300 scientists, people with Parkinson's, advocates and industry representatives will converge at Van Andel Research Institute at the end of September with a common goal -- fighting back against Parkinson's disease.

Player's performance in video games can steer attitudes about brands
A company's brand may crash and burn if video game players perform poorly when they use branded products as part of the game, according to a team of researchers.

Your gut development during infancy can have lifelong implications
The suckling period (infancy) in mice is critical for epigenetic changes (changes that affect the way genes are expressed) in the development of stem cells in the intestine, potentially affecting intestinal health for life.

Primary care-based addiction treatment lowers substance dependence in people with HIV
A program developed at Boston Medical Center, which integrates addiction treatment into primary care for patients with or at risk for HIV, has been shown to lower patients' substance dependence and encourage their engagement in treatment.

MIA grants $3.5 million for JAX Alzheimer's disease research
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) has announced a grant of $3,567,446 to Jackson Laboratory (JAX) Assistant Professor Gareth Howell, Ph.D., and Harvard University Assistant Professor Beth Stevens, Ph.D., for research in mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease.

Grants fund efforts by UC Santa Cruz scientists to fight deadly bat disease
A team led by scientists at UC Santa Cruz will conduct field trials this winter of two strategies for protecting bats from white-nose syndrome, a deadly fungal disease.

Children's Mercy researchers achieve 26-hour rapid whole-genome sequencing in critically ill infants
A study published today in Genome Medicine describes how researchers at Children's Mercy Kansas City cut in half the time needed for rapid whole-genome sequencing and genetic diagnosis in critically ill infants, called STAT-Seq.

Alternative strategy for gene replacement shows promise in duchenne muscular dystrophy
A gene therapy approach to treating the progressive muscle wasting disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy that does not replace the mutated DMD gene but instead delivers the gene for ITGA7, a protein in skeletal muscle, led to reduced symptoms and significantly extended life span in a mouse model of severe DMD.

Technology to crowdsource complex triggers of pediatric asthma
While pollution from cars and other sources is known to trigger asthma in some children, there are a number of lesser-understood factors that also increase their risk -- everything from viral infections, to stress, to playing soccer all day.

Study finds that discrimination is linked with worse health among transgender Americans
Despite a surge in public attention toward the transgender population, transgender adults continue to face both major and daily discrimination that often directly leads to dangerous health consequences, a new study finds.

Many nonprofit academic leaders and professors serve on for-profit health-care company boards, Pitt analysis reveals
Nearly one in 10 US for-profit health care company board positions are held by individuals with an academic affiliation, a potential conflict-of-interest not explicitly addressed by national guidelines, a review led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine reveals for the first time.

New research about shopping addiction
Addicted to shopping? A group of researchers at the Faculty of Psychology at the University of Bergen have developed a new and unique method to measure shopping addiction: The Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale.

Biomarkers in maternal blood can identify pregnant women with lupus at low risk for adverse outcomes
Pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus, are at higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia, placental insufficiency, fetal death, miscarriages, and other complications.

Study reveals answers for managing Guam's threatened native trees
Researchers studied seedling emergence and growth traits of three rare and threatened tree species in the Mariana Islands to determine the influences of light and storage on seed and seedling behavior.

Among South Asians, risks of developing diabetes begins at birth, says research
The research from the South Asian Birth Cohort study, published online today in the International Journal of Obesity, is significant because it suggests South Asian women who minimize their risk of gestational diabetes and avoid excessive weight gain in pregnancy may help to prevent diabetes in their own children.

Study sheds light on powerful process that turns food into energy
The way in which our cells convert food into fuel is shared by almost all living things -- now scientists have discovered a likely reason why this is so widespread.

Latest study looks at alternative therapies to prevent malaria in pregnancy
Researchers at LSTM, working with colleagues of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention in Kenya and USA, and from the Kenya Medical Research Institution have found that a new drug may be more effective at preventing malaria in pregnant woman, especially where there is resistance to the current treatments.

NIH study finds racial, ethnic differences in fetal growth
Current standards for ultrasound evaluation of fetal growth may lead to misclassification of up to 15 percent of fetuses of minority mothers as being too small, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.

US has fallen behind in offshore wind power, researchers say
As solar power and land-based wind power efforts surge, offshore wind remains a missed opportunity in the United States -- a 'disheartening' way to mark the 10th anniversary of the US Energy Policy Act of 2005, according to experts in the University of Delaware's Center for Carbon-Free Power Integration.

Pediatric injuries from toppled TV sets: Risk factors and strategies for prevention
After a thorough review of medical articles describing head injuries caused by toppled television sets in children, researchers assessed the risk factors associated with these events.

Iron-gallium alloy shows promise as a power-generation device
An alloy first made nearly two decades ago by the US Navy could provide an efficient new way to produce electricity.

Reading the weather from inside a seashell
Does assembling a mega-continent necessarily lead to a mega-monsoon? Can you tell by looking at seashells?

Meningitis model shows infection's sci-fi-worthy creep into the brain
Scientists at Duke Medicine are using transparent fish to watch in real time as Cryptococcal meningitis takes over the brain.

Researchers disguise drugs as platelets to target cancer
Researchers have for the first time developed a technique that coats anticancer drugs in membranes made from a patient's own platelets, allowing the drugs to last longer in the body and attack both primary cancer tumors and the circulating tumor cells that can cause a cancer to metastasize.

Disruption of brain-blood barrier might influence progression of Alzheimer's
More and more data from preclinical and clinical studies strengthen the hypothesis that immune system-mediated actions contribute to and drive pathogenesis in Alzheimer's disease.

Walk the line
Walking an obstacle course on Earth is relatively easy. Walking an obstacle course after being in space for six months isn't so simple.

Twitter behavior can predict users' income level, new Penn research shows
The words people use on social media can reveal hidden meaning to those who know where to look.

GSA Today study documents rare early Jurassic corals from North America
Mass extinction events punctuate the evolution of marine environments, and recovery biotas paved the way for major biotic changes.

Intratumor morphological heterogeneity of cancer is not related to chromosome aberrations
Intratumor morphological heterogeneity (diversity) of breast cancer is not related to chromosome aberrations.

The brain perceives motion the same way through both vision and touch
The brain uses similar computations to calculate the direction and speed of objects in motion whether they are perceived visually or through the sense of touch.

Home-based counselling strategies alone may not improve neonatal survival in rural Africa
Implementing a home-based volunteer counselling strategy during pregnancy and the first few days of an infant's life in rural Africa may not be enough to improve neonatal survival, despite improvements in childbirth in health facilities and newborn care practices, according to new research by Claudia Hanson, from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK, and colleagues, published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Scientists pioneer 3-D-printed drug delivering micro-needles
Researchers have developed a new technique to produce a 3-D 'micro-printed' array of needles capable of drug delivery.

New York cybersecurity company licenses ORNL's Data Diode
Lock Data Solutions has licensed a technology from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory designed to protect a company's data from internal and external threats

Scientists reveal brain network for observed social threat interactions
Observing one person threatening another is a commonplace event. Now, in research published in eLife, scientists have used large-scale neural recording and big data analysis in monkeys to enable a first glimpse of the brain remembering and recalling the memory of such negative social interactions.

MRI technique could reduce need for breast biopsies
A magnetic resonance breast imaging technique that uses no ionizing radiation or contrast agent could reduce unnecessary biopsies by providing additional information about suspicious findings on X-ray screening mammography, according to a new study.

New study improves understanding of best practices in peer-review of research proposals
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) has published findings from research it conducted on the relationship between panel discussion and scoring in teleconference and face-to-face scientific peer-review panels.

Use of explosive weapons in Syria has disproportionately lethal effects on women and children
Using explosive weapons in populated areas in Syria has disproportionately lethal effects on women and children and should be urgently prohibited, say a team of international experts in The BMJ today.

Mount Sinai and LifeMap Solutions announce initial results for asthma health app
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and LifeMap Solutions, a digital-health subsidiary of BioTime, Inc.

Frequently discounting maximizes retailer revenues
Study finds the 'discount-frequently' pricing strategy allows retailers to charge high prices when demand is high and is flexible unlike an 'every day low price' strategy or 'static pricing.'

Researchers create first entropy-stabilized complex oxide alloys
Materials researchers have created the first entropy-stabilized alloy that incorporates oxides -- and demonstrated conclusively that the crystalline structure of the material can be determined by disorder at the atomic scale rather than chemical bonding.

How more women with earlier cesarean sections can give birth vaginally next time
In many countries, cesarean section is routinely used if the woman previously gave birth by cesarean section.

Satellite view of remnants of post-Tropical Cyclone Niala
Post-Tropical Cyclone Niala faded under a hostile atmospheric environment and an infrared satellite image shows the torn-apart storm's remnants southwest of Hawaii.

Mayo Clinic receives Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative award
The Mayo Practice Transformation Network is one of 39 health care collaborative networks selected to participate in the Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative, announced today by US Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia M.

Increasing calcium intake unlikely to boost bone health or prevent fractures, say experts
Increasing calcium intake through dietary sources or supplements is unlikely to improve bone health or prevent fractures in older people, conclude two studies published in The BMJ this week.

NASA captures Typhoon Dujuan's landfall in southeastern China
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Dujuan as it made landfall in southeastern China.

Sleep may strengthen long-term memories in the immune system
More than a century ago, scientists demonstrated that sleep supports the retention of memories of facts and events.

Grandmother's smoking habits increase asthma risk in grandchildren
Children with grandmothers who smoked have an increased risk of asthma even when mothers did not smoke, according to new findings.

Wearable electronic health patches may now be cheaper and easier to make
A team of researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin has invented a method for producing inexpensive and high-performing wearable patches that can continuously monitor the body's vital signs for human health and performance tracking.

NeuroVascular Quality Initiative expands with new Cerebral Aneurysm and Cerebral AVMs modules
The Society of NeuroInterventional Surgeryand M2S, a leading clinical registry provider, are pleased to announce the launch of the new Cerebral Aneurysm module for the NeuroVascular Quality Initiative, and the planned launch for the Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations module in early October.

Brain activity map reveals how infant vision develops
Visual functions start to develop soon after birth and continue maturing over time as infants gain experience with the world.

Diabetes medication can reduce food intake
Many studies have focused on how much we eat when we are hungry, but sometimes we eat just to feel better.

Tools for illuminating brain function make their own light
A variant on the optogenetics technique gives neuroscientists the choice of activating neurons with light or an externally supplied chemical.

Falling TVs causing increasing number of severe neck and head injuries in children
TVs falling onto children are causing an increasing number of severe neck and head injuries, according to a new paper published today in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

How do atoms alter during a supernova explosion?
A research group from Osaka University, in collaboration with an international research team, successfully realized in laboratory the world of exotic atoms under extreme state through high - brightness X-ray sources, typically realized in supernova explosions.

Sniffing out cancer with improved 'electronic nose' sensors
Scientists have been exploring new ways to 'smell' signs of cancer by analyzing what's in patients' breath.

Aelan collaborates with Gladstone Institutes to conduct comparative study on stem cells
Aelan Cell Technologies today announced they have entered into an agreement with the Gladstone Institutes to further its studies on stem cell rejuvenation.

Forest Service scientists receive grant funding for white-nose syndrome research
US Fish and Wildlife Service grants announced on Sept. 29, 2015, include a total of $410,690 for Forest Service research at the Northern Research Station, the Southern Research Station, and the Center for Forest Mycology Research, part of the Forest Products Laboratory.

Deaths from heart disease and stroke could rise unless countries address risk factors
Over the next decade, early deaths from cardiovascular disease are expected to climb from 5.9 million in 2013 to 7.8 million in 2025 -- according to the first-ever forecasting analysis for heart disease from the Global Burden of Disease project.

Climate change negatively affects birth weight, University of Utah study finds
From melting glaciers to increasing wildfires, the consequences of climate change and strategies to mitigate such consequences are often a hotly debated topic.

Reducing our own pain is also reducing empathy for pain in others
The ability to feel the pain of others is based on neurobiological processes which underlie pain experience in oneself.

New precise particle measurement improves subatomic tool for probing mysteries of universe
In a post-Big Bang world, nature's top quark -- a key component of matter -- is a highly sensitive probe that physicists use to evaluate competing theories about quantum interactions.

Risk factors for prostate cancer
New research suggests that age, race and family history are the biggest risk factors for a man to develop prostate cancer, although high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vitamin D deficiency, inflammation of prostate, and vasectomy also add to the risk.

NASA's GPM sees Tropical Storm Joaquin form in western Atlantic
Tropical Storm Joaquin became the 10th named storm of the season after forming late last night (Sept.

Scientists to bypass brain damage by re-encoding memories
Researchers are testing a prosthesis that translates short-term memories into longer-term ones, with the potential to bypass damaged portions of the brain.

Open peer review could result in better quality of peer review
Whether or not a research article has been peer reviewed openly can seemingly make a difference to the quality of the peer review, according to research carried out by BioMed Central's Research Integrity Group and Frank Dudbridge from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Autoimmune cerebellar ataxia
While autoimmune cerebellar ataxia (a loss of muscle control coordination) can lead to severe disability with some patients becoming wheelchair-bound, there are factors that may help predict better immunotherapy response, according to the Mayo Clinic study published by JAMA Neurology.

Making batteries with portabella mushrooms
Can portabella mushrooms stop cell phone batteries from degrading over time?

Baylor study: Cellphones can damage romantic relationships, lead to depression
Research from Baylor University's Hankamer School of Business confirms that cellphones are damaging romantic relationships and leading to higher levels of depression.

NASA's GPM analyzes rainfall in Tropical Storm Marty
Tropical Storm Marty, which formed into a depression from an area of low pressure about 300 miles southwest of Acapulco, Mexico Saturday afternoon (local time), has been trying to strengthen while drifting slowly northward toward the southwest coast of Mexico.

Canadian multicenter study examines safety of medical cannabis in the treatment of chronic pain
A Canadian research team led by the Research Institute the MUHC in Montréal has completed a national multicenter study looking at the safety of medical cannabis use among patients suffering from chronic pain.

Resilient personality of cities could help in a recession
New research has found a robust correlation between the personality of cities and their resilience to economic recessions.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Joaquin
Despite being battered with vertical wind shear, Tropical Depression 11 strengthened and organized into Tropical Storm Joaquin.

'Housing First' approach for homeless people doesn't help obesity
The 'Housing First' approach of giving homeless people with mental illness a place to live without any preconditions such as sobriety or enrollment in a psychiatric treatment program has many benefits.

New irrigation strategies for pecans in humid climates
A study compared a reduced early season irrigation schedule for pecans in humid climates with the currently recommended schedule.

Hopes of improved brain implants
Neurons thrive and grow in a new type of nanowire material developed by researchers in Nanophysics and Ophthalmology at Lund University in Sweden.

Zenyatta Albany graphite has unique properties for graphene applications
According to Dr. Regev, 'Thermogravimetric Analysis on the material found it to be completely different from any other natural graphite flake products studied so far in our lab.

New processes in modern ReRAM memory cells decoded
Resistive memory cells or ReRAMs for short are deemed to be the new super information-storage solution of the future.

Brain FM: Purkinje cells sing different tunes
In a new study, Ms. Mohini Sengupta and Dr. Vatsala Thirumalai, from the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore, demonstrate that nerve cells found in the cerebellum send out electrical signals in either a constant hum or in sudden bursts.

Scientists sequence genomes of microscopic worms beneficial to agriculture
Many nematodes (worms) have specialized as pathogens, including those that serve as deadly insect-attacking parasites, making them effective biocontrol agents.

How the retina marches to the beat of its own drum
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Washington report new research that sheds light on how the retina sets its own biological rhythm using a novel light-sensitive pigment, called neuropsin, found in nerve cells at the back of the eye.

Study: Cost savings from add-on pricing may result in profit loss
Researchers conducted a study examining the increasingly popular add-on pricing model of hotels, airlines and banks.

Air quality and ozone pollution models for forested areas may be too simple
A new study assessing the influence of species diversity of canopy trees on the amount of ozone precursors a forest emits suggests that atmospheric chemistry models in use now may underestimate the importance of tree species mix and size to ozone pollution, says lead author Alexander Bryan, a postdoctoral fellow in the Northeast Climate Science Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Eight big questions in cancer research
Leading cancer researchers address eight of the 'big questions' facing the field as part of the inaugural issue of Trends in Cancer, published by Cell Press.

Getting the growing research data problem under control
International funding bodies, including the National Science Foundation, are now requiring researchers to create data management plans as part of the grant application process.

Cuba's Dr. Juan Bisset to speak at the 2016 International Congress of Entomology in Orlando
Dr. Juan Andrés Bisset, one of Cuba's leading entomologists, will be a featured speaker at the 2016 International Congress of Entomology (ICE 2016) in Orlando, Florida.

Cheaters sometimes prosper -- on Facebook
What does it mean to cheat in a Facebook game like FarmVille?

ASU professor honored for work on energy and social aspects of energy policy
Martin 'Mike' Pasqualetti, an Arizona State University professor and an expert on energy and social components of energy development, will be awarded 2015 Alexander and Ilse Melamid Memorial Medal by the American Geographical Society.

Kids allowed to be kids make better parents
Mothers who took on burdensome caregiving roles as children -- and weren't allowed to just 'be kids' -- tend to be less sensitive to their own children's needs, finds new research led by a Michigan State University scholar.

The Lancet Oncology: Primary care doctors are ill-prepared to deal with growing demand for cancer care
Leading primary care professionals and cancer experts will warn at the Royal College of General Practitioners annual congress in Glasgow, UK that primary care doctors will not be able to cope with the rising demand for cancer care in high-income countries -- predicted to double within the next 15 years.

People with genetic variant increasing vitamin D metabolism improve blood sugar control with high protein weight loss diet
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that people carrying a certain genetic variant relating to vitamin D metabolism are more likely to benefit from a high-protein weight loss diet than those without it.

Relationship between sympathy, helping others could provide clues to development of altruism
Developmental psychologists long have debated whether individuals volunteer and help others because they are sympathetic or whether they are sympathetic because they are prosocial.

New water-tracing technology to help protect groundwater
UNSW Australia researchers have used new water-tracing technology in the Sydney Basin for the first time to determine how groundwater moves in the different layers of rock below the surface.

Arctic sea ice still too thick for regular shipping route through Northwest Passage: York research
Despite climate change, sea ice in the Northwest Passage remains too thick and treacherous for it to be a regular commercial Arctic shipping route for many decades, according to new research out of York University.

Cooperation advances Alzheimer's disease prevention research
The future success of Alzheimer's prevention research could depend on the ability of researchers from different clinical trials to build collaborative relationships that facilitate the sharing of information, resources and expertise that may speed the discovery of new preventive treatments, according to leading Alzheimer's researchers who published a Perspectives article, 'CAP--advancing the evaluation of preclinical Alzheimer disease treatments,' online today in Nature Reviews Neurology.

In Russia, are loggers an owl's best friend?
Can owls and loggers get along? A recent study conducted in Primorye in the southern Russian Far East suggests it's not only possible, but essential for endangered Blakiston's fish owls to survive there.

Educational attainment in children is associated with positive health transitions into adulthood
A longer education in childhood has been linked to positive transitions in health, according to research published today in the Journal of Public Health.

Broadleaf trees show reduced sensitivity to global warming
The sensitivity of leaf unfolding phenology to climate warming has significantly declined since 1980s, according to a study recently published in the journal Nature by an international collaboration of scientists.

Modeling tool IDs genes that control stress response in plants
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from North Carolina State University and University of California, Davis has developed a modeling algorithm that is able to identify genes associated with specific biological functions in plants.

You are what you click
It's no secret that the things we click on, scroll across, swipe, tap or drag when we're browsing online or using a smartphone application can yield valuable information about us.

'Zelda' protein plays flap-open role in early embryo development, researchers find
NYU biologists, in collaboration with scientists at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research, have identified a mechanism that promotes activation of genes critical for the initiation of embryonic development.

Academies and DFG call for the responsible use of new genome editing techniques
The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech -- the National Academy of Science and Engineering, the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, and the German Research Foundation point out the opportunities and limits of new genome editing techniques in a joint statement entitled 'The Opportunities and Limits of Genome Editing.'

Primary healthcare providers urged to screen teens for depression and suicide risk
Nursing researchers with The University of Texas at Arlington and Texas Woman's University find that depression and suicide risk screening can assist healthcare providers in preventing suicides in teens.

Arsenic found in many US red wines, but health risks depend on total diet
A new UW study that tested 65 wines from America's top four wine-producing states -- California, Washington, New York and Oregon -- found all but one have arsenic levels that exceed US drinking water standards.

The genetics of intelligence: Ethics and the conduct of trustworthy research
With the advent of new genomic sequencing technologies, researchers around the world are working to identify genetic variants that help explain differences in intelligence.

New test detects all viruses that infect people, animals
A new test detects virtually any virus that infects people and animals, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Shining a light on polycystic ovary syndrome
In the largest genome wide association study into polycystic ovary syndrome to date, new research conducted by scientists at the University of Cambridge and ten other institutions, including 23andMe, has identified genetic variants and causal links associated with PCOS, some of which might be relevant to informing positive lifestyle and treatment choices for women.

Identifying youth as 'at risk' for mental problems may be less a stigma than the symptoms
Little is known about the potential harm inherent in labeling young people at risk for schizophrenia.

Nanomachines: Pirouetting in the spotlight
Scientists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have developed a new class of molecular motors that rotate unidirectionally at speeds of up to 1 kHz when exposed to sunlight at room temperature.

Scientists control rats' senses of familiarity, novelty
Brown University brain scientists didn't just study how recognition of familiarity and novelty arise in the mammalian brain, they actually took control, inducing rats to behave as if images they'd seen before were new, and images they had never seen were old.

Wrangling proteins gone wild
McGill researchers have created a suite of computer programs designed to scan the misfolded proteins that are responsible for diseases such as Alzheimer's and diabetes looking for weak spots.

MGH investigator Bradley Bernstein, M.D., Ph.D., receives Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research
Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Pathology and Cancer Center investigator Bradley Bernstein, M.D., Ph.D., is one of three recipients of the 2015 Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research, given by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.

Chimpanzee personality linked to anatomy of brain structures, study finds
Chimpanzees' personality traits are linked to the anatomy of specific brain structures, according to researchers at Georgia State University, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and University of Copenhagen.

Rice news release: Smaller is better for nanotube analysis
Variance spectroscopy, invented at Rice University, lets researchers learn more about mixed batches of fluorescent nanotubes by focusing on small areas of samples and comparing their contents.

Five genetic regions implicated in cystic fibrosis severity
If you have two faulty copies of the CFTR gene, you will have cystic fibrosis.

Physicists map the strain, pixel by pixel, in wonder material graphene
In a study published in Nature, a team of scientists map the strain in graphene, a 2-D sheet of carbon that is strong, flexible and can expand without breaking. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to