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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | September 30, 2015


Mobile apps and online reviews influence consumer behavior
Mobile apps are changing the way brands connect with consumers and have the potential to boost a company's bottom line.
Are American schools making inequality worse?
Schooling plays a surprisingly large role in short-changing the nation's most economically disadvantaged students of critical math skills, according to a study published today in Educational Researcher, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.
Strokes in children linked to infections, inadequate vaccinations
Children who have suffered recent infections or have not received most or all of their vaccinations are at a higher risk for stroke.
Sequencing DNA in the palm of your hand
During the investigation, crew members will sequence the DNA of bacteria, bacteriophage (a virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium) and rodents from samples prepared on Earth that have known genomic characteristics.
Gulf Stream ring water intrudes onto continental shelf like 'Pinocchio's nose'
Ocean robots installed off the coast of Massachusetts have helped scientists understand a previously unknown process by which warm Gulf Stream water and colder waters of the continental shelf exchange.
A step toward clothing that guards against chemical warfare agents
Recent reports of chemical weapons attacks in the Middle East underscore the urgent need for new ways to guard against their toxic effects.
3-D printing techniques help surgeons carve new ears
A University of Washington otolaryngology resident and bioengineering student have used 3-D printing techniques to create more lifelike models to help aspiring surgeons -- who currently practice on soap, apples, and vegetables -- learn to perform ear reconstruction surgeries.
SETAC North America 36th Annual Meeting
The Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 36th Annual Meeting will be held from Nov.
The flaws of HIV
Though research carried out over the past 30 years has helped to understand most of HIV virus biology, its infectious process still contains grey areas.
Tapping our microbiomes for new health treatments
Fecal transplants for treating gut diseases were the first reported therapies based on the idea that the human microbiome is inextricably linked to our health.
Penn Dental Medicine study is proof-of-concept for low-cost drug made in lettuce
At the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Henry Daniell and colleagues have used a plant-based system to make shelf-stable drugs.
Dormant viral genes may awaken to cause ALS
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health discovered that reactivation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome may cause the destruction of neurons in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Stress causes infants to resort to habits
Under stress, people are inclined to resort to habits, rather than trying out new things.
Earthquake rupture halted by seamounts
Experts expected for some time that one of the next mega earthquakes occurs off northern Chile.
MSU lands $1.8M USAID award to boost African Great Lakes' coffee industry
The US Agency for International Development awarded Michigan State University a $1.8 million cooperative agreement to help the African Great Lakes region maintain its international position in the coffee market.
Regional conference to address Latino health disparities, policy impacts
Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH) at the George Washington University, in partnership with the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments and the Regional Primary Care Coalition, will host a conference on Oct.
Ebola cannot be conquered without understanding Africa's culture, politics and poverty
The Ebola Virus and West Africa: Medical and Sociocultural Aspects provides a compact summary of the Ebola virus, outlining its nature, history, epidemiology, and methods of treatment.
Antipsychotics increase risk of death in people with Parkinson's disease psychosis
Antipsychotic drugs may increase the risk of death in people with Parkinson's disease psychosis, according to a new study led by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London.
New study proves link between recent abuse and menopause-related symptoms
Numerous studies have already documented how abuse of any kind can result in health problems.
Tillage timing influences nitrogen availability and loss on organic farms
In the battle against weeds, tillage is one of the strongest weapons at the disposal of organic or ecologically based farmers.
Scientific literature overstates psychotherapy's effectiveness in treating depression
New analysis shows that the scientific literature paints an overly rosy picture of the efficacy of psychotherapy for depression comparable to the bias previously found in reports of treatments with antidepressant drugs.
Mechanism of explosions and plasma jets associated with sunspot formation revealed
Researchers revealed the configurations of magnetic field lines in 'light bridges' on the Sun by combining observations by satellites and numerical simulation.
Human visual cortex holds neurons that selectively respond to intermediate colors
Researchers from Tohoku University's Research Institute of Electrical Communication and RIKEN BSI have found the presence of neurons in the human brain which can each selectively respond to an intermediate color; not just neurons of red, green, yellow and blue.
MSU partners with ExxonMobil to advance biofuel research
A new $1 million relationship between Michigan State University and ExxonMobil will expand research designed to progress the fundamental science required to advance algae-based fuels.
New Jersey Innovation Institute (NJII) receives Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative Award
The New Jersey Innovation Institute is one of 39 health care collaborative networks selected to participate in the Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative, announced today by Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia M.
New study explores how millennials consume paid media content
A majority of Millennials regularly got paid news content in the last year, whether paid for by themselves or someone else, according to a new study conducted by the Media Insight Project, a collaboration between the American Press Institute and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.
'Performance cloning' techniques to boost computer chip memory systems design
Computer engineering researchers have developed software using two new techniques to help computer chip designers improve memory systems.
DFG Europa-Preis recipients achieve success at EU contest for young scientists in Milan
Five recipients of the Europa-Preis presented by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft have also enjoyed international success at the 2015 European Union Contest for Young Scientists, held Sept.
Scientists produce status check on quantum teleportation
Quantum teleportation is an important building block for quantum computing, quantum communication and quantum network and, eventually, a quantum Internet.
Finding links and missing genes
Missing a gene may be less problematic than you'd think.
Math and me: Children who identify with math get higher scores
How strongly children identify with math (their math 'self-concept') can be used to predict how high they will score on a standardized test of math achievement, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Washington.
Pauses can make or break a conversation
Long pauses can make speech difficult to understand, but short pauses can be highly beneficial.
Crystal clear: Thousand-fold fluorescence enhancement in an all-polymer thin film
Griffith University scientists have made a remarkable breakthrough in the field of fluorescence enhancement via a discovery they believe could drive the next advances in sensor technology, energy saving and harvesting, lasers and optoelectronics.
Learning how muscle cells feel the pull of gravity
By figuring out how our cells 'feel' gravity, this investigation could help finally determine why and how muscles waste away in space.
Ballmers donate $32 million to University of Washington School of Social Work
A new $20 million gift from Connie and Steve Ballmer will provide scholarships for graduate students at the University of Washington School of Social Work, allowing them to embark on their careers without crippling debt loads.
Barley straw shows potential as transport biofuel raw material
The hemicellulose sugars of barley straw can be effectively fermented into biobutanol, when starch is added during the pre-treatment or fermentation process, shows a new University of Eastern Finland study.
Light does not have to be a (rapid) killer of chemical molecules
Chemical molecules strongly interacting with light generally disintegrate very rapidly.
Study's message to recovering alcoholics: Quit smoking to stay sober
Adult smokers with a history of problem drinking who continue smoking are at a greater risk of relapsing three years later compared with adults who do not smoke.
Scientists create insulin-producing cells that may treat diabetes
A new technique to produce cells with insulin-secretion capabilities has been developed, according to research presented today at the 54th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Meeting.
Research uses data mining to help early identification, prevention of Alzheimer's disease
A University of Texas at Arlington computer scientist will analyze complex data and use imaging genomics to predict a person's probability of contracting Alzheimer's disease.
Surface of the oceans affects climate more than thought
The oceans seem to produce significantly more isoprene, and consequently affect stronger the climate than previously thought.
Known fish species living in the Salish Sea increases in new report
A new report published Tuesday documents all of the fishes that live in the Salish Sea.
New predictor of health complications can identify high-risk preemies
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a major gastrointestinal disease that causes the intestines to die, is a leading cause of death among these infants and is the most the common disease for babies born before 32 weeks.
Genes that protect African children from developing malaria identified
Variations in DNA at a specific location (or 'locus') on the genome that protect African children from developing severe malaria, in some cases nearly halving a child's chance of developing the life-threatening disease, have been identified in the largest genetic association study of malaria to date.
Study: Children with autism benefit from theater-based program
Children with autism who participated in a 10-week, 40-hour, theater-based program showed significant differences in social ability compared to a group of children with autism who did not participate, according to a Vanderbilt study published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
New method to predict the workload for online services
New method to predict the workload for online services How can overloads on the Internet be prevented?
Covering the bases with cover crops
Researchers find cover crop decomposition and nitrogen release vary with type of cover crop used and addition of poultry litter.
Hard-to-detect transient birds provide key ecosystem information
Some American Redstarts wintering in Jamaica claim a territory and stick to it, just as they would on their breeding grounds, while others remain transient, constantly moving around in search of the best resources.
Use of local estrogens for genitourinary menopausal symptoms remains low
Estrogen in the vagina offers relief from the vaginal dryness, painful sex, and other genital and urinary symptoms that can come after menopause, but many women don't comply with the treatment, using it only sporadically.
Doctors trained to be confidantes for risk-taking teenagers
Doctors have successfully reduced risk-taking behavior in teenagers and young people, in a world-first trial led by the University of Melbourne.
Training for patients with melanoma & their partners on skin examinations
Training on skin self-examination to aid early detection could be extra beneficial for patients with melanoma and their partners who report having low relationship quality because it gives them activities to do together, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.
Membrane-assisted crystallization technology
Continuous sustainable industrial growth might be realized today and in the future with important innovations in process engineering.
Study offers insight on how a new class of antidepressants works
The experimental drugs target brain cells' ability to respond to the chemical messenger glutamate, however, it has been unclear how they work.
Electric vehicle charging habits revealed
This week, Idaho National Laboratory is reporting analysis results from the largest collection of light-duty plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) and charging infrastructure demonstrations in the world.
Antibody treatment efficacious in psoriasis
An experimental, biologic treatment, brodalumab, achieved 100 percent reduction in psoriasis symptoms in twice as many patients as a second, commonly used treatment, according to the results of a multicenter clinical trial led by Mount Sinai researchers and published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine.
A micro-supercapacitor with unmatched energy storage performance
A micro-supercapacitor made using a new electrode reached an energy density 1,000 times greater than existing electrochemical capacitors.
EARTH: Declining US water use a challenge for models
Water demand in communities nationwide is decreasing due to better efficiency and more effective conservation programs, but also due to demographic shifts that may require a rethink in the way that water usage is modeled.
Scientists create world's largest catalog of human genomic variation
An international team of scientists from the 1000 Genomes Project Consortium has created the world's largest catalog of genomic differences among humans, providing researchers with powerful clues to help them understand why some people are susceptible to diseases.
British Empire was a world of trouble, says historian in a new book
The British Empire was not the model of peace and stability, the 'Pax Britannica,' as it's often portrayed, says Antoinette Burton in 'The Trouble With Empire,' published by Oxford University Press.
What happened at the Fukushima nuclear power plant?
Michio Ishikawa, an expert in the field of nuclear power, has written a book for those who would like to know more about the nuclear disaster which occurred in Japan in March 2011.
Citizen science in a nutshell: A guide to expanding the reach of environmental research
'Investing in Citizen Science can improve natural resource management and environmental protection' is the Ecological Society of America's guide to deciding if citizen science is right for your organization and choosing the best design to meet your organization's goals.
Scientists identify key receptor as potential target for treatment of autism
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have uncovered a significant -- and potentially treatable -- relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.
Ocean Conservancy releases report outlining solutions to issue of plastic waste in oceans
Ocean Conservancy today announced the global launch of Stemming the Tide: Land-based strategies for a plastic-free ocean -- a first-of-its-kind, solutions-oriented report in partnership with the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment that outlines specific land-based solutions for plastic waste in the ocean, starting with the elimination of plastic waste leakage in five priority countries (China, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand).
Researchers show that genetic background regulates tumor differences
Researchers from Uppsala University, Sweden, and the Broad Institute, USA, have identified both similarities and differences between a single tumor type in multiple dogs breeds; a finding they believe parallels the situation in the cancer of human patients.
Why do people with schizophrenia misinterpret social cues?
A new study from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London sheds light on why people with schizophrenia misinterpret social cues in others, often leading to unpleasant paranoid and persecutory thoughts.
This week from AGU: Atlantic currents, Aurora Borealis art & 5 new research papers
Ocean robots installed off the coast of Massachusetts have helped scientists understand a previously unknown process by which warm Gulf Stream water and colder waters of the continental shelf exchange, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.
New study sheds light on characteristics of the 'predatory' scholarly publishing market
New light is shed on the volume and market characteristics of so-called 'predatory' scholarly journal publishing in a study conducted by researchers from Hanken School of Economics and published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.
Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure: Basis for handling big taxonomic data
Looked down on with scepticism by many taxonomists, handling big data efficiently is a challenge that can only be met with thorough and multi-layered efforts from scientists and technological developers alike.
More obesity among the less educated in rich countries
In rich countries, obesity is more common among the lower educated, whilst in poor countries, obesity is more common among the higher educated.
Price of solar energy in the United States has fallen to 5¢/kWh on average
Solar energy pricing is at an all-time low, according to a new report released by Berkeley Lab.
Bold research into recycling CO2
The scientific aims are bold, but the gains can be enormous.
Cutting nicotine key to helping smokers quit
Two decades after a UCSF researcher proposed that reducing nicotine in cigarettes as a national regulatory policy might facilitate quitting, a new study he co-authored has added to a body of evidence that indicates that doing just that may accomplish this goal.
Scientists discover how to trap cancer cells before they spread
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen and the Francis Crick Institute have discovered a new way to potentially 'fence in' a tumor and help stop cancer cells spreading, according to a study printed in EMBO Reports on Oct.
Arizona State University & PNNL sign agreement to develop solutions to global challenges
A new memorandum of understanding between PNNL and Arizona State University formalizes the institutions' research collaboration on topics involving energy security, climate science and sustainability, and other aspects of global security.
Collaboration generates success in the food industry
For the fourth time Aarhus University hosted the food conference European Food Venture Forum, where 32 companies from 16 different countries had the opportunity to meet potential investors and collaboration partners.
New way of retaining quantum memories stored in light
A team of Chinese physicists has now developed a way to confine light.
The Danish nitrogen budget in a nutshell
To get a clearer overall picture of the sources and sinks of nitrogen, scientists from Aarhus University have developed a national nitrogen budget for Denmark for the years 1990 to 2010.
System may offer new hope for personalized treatment of eczema
Pharmaceutical researchers have developed a new approach to treat eczema and other inflammatory skin disorders that would use individual tests and advanced science to create personalized treatments based on each person's lipid deficiencies.
Experimental cancer drug shows therapeutic promise in mouse models of multiple sclerosis
An experimental drug originally identified in a National Cancer Institute library of chemical compounds as a potential therapy for brain and basal cell cancers improves the symptoms of mice with a form of the debilitating neurological disorder multiple sclerosis (MS), according to new research from NYU Langone Medical Center.
Placebo power: Depressed people who respond to fake drugs get the most help from real ones
When it comes to treating depression, how well a person responds to a fake medicine may determine how well they'll respond to a real one, new research finds.
Survival rate of combat casualties improves following implementation of golden hour policy
A mandate in 2009 that prehospital helicopter transport of critically injured combat casualties occur in 60 minutes or less (golden hour policy) has resulted in a reduction in time between critical injury and definitive care for combat casualties in Afghanistan and an improvement in survival, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.
Using ancient DNA, researchers unravel the mystery of Machu Picchu
A GW researcher is using ancient DNA to study the mystery of Machu Picchu.
Tropical Depression Marty finally moving away from Mexico coastline
Tropical Depression Marty has been an unwelcome visitor along the western coast of Mexico for a couple of days and is finally, but slowly leaving.
Switching on paternal behavior
Male mice dramatically change their social behavior towards newborn pups after mating and cohabitation with pregnant females.
Forage crop promising as ecologically friendly ornamental groundcover
Scientists studied characteristics of 16 selections of rhizoma peanut grown in full sun or under 30 percent shade in Florida.
Asteroids found to be the moon's main 'water supply'
Water reserves found on the moon are the result of asteroids acting as 'delivery vehicles' and not of falling comets as was previously thought.
Relationship quality affects siblings' mental health, risky behaviors
The Latino culture, more than others, places a high value on the family unit; yet, little research has examined the dynamics of Latino family relationships and how those dynamics affect children's development.
NTU President Prof Bertil Andersson receives honorary doctorate from Tianjin University
Professor Bertil Andersson, the President of Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) was conferred an honorary doctoral degree from China's Tianjin University today.
Impact of menopausal hormone therapy on heart disease depends on timing of initiation
The potential health effects of hormone therapy (HT) have been intensely debated for more than a decade, especially when it comes to coronary heart disease.
Short, intense exercise bursts can reduce heart risk to teens
Adolescents who perform just eight to ten minutes of high-intensity interval exercise three times a week could be significantly reducing their risk of developing heart conditions, new research has concluded.
Vitamin D3 supplementation helps women build muscle even after menopause
The benefits of vitamin D supplementation for postmenopausal women have been widely debated.
Latest technology could help curb repeat Ebola crisis, experts say
Recent developments in surveillance technology could enable a swifter, more effective response to potentially deadly outbreaks of disease, and technology could help improve the response, a study has found.
Chinese team now develops a better understanding of microbes in the air
There is an increasing interest in understanding ambient bioaerosols due to their roles both in health and in climate.
Phoenix effect: Resurrected proteins double their natural activity
Researchers from ITMO University and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem discovered a novel mechanism of protein resurrection, which not only restores the active function of the protein, but also increases its original activity by almost two times.
Memory is greater threat to romantic relationships than Facebook
A new study was designed to test whether contacts in a person's Facebook friends list who are romantically desirable are more or less of a threat to an existing relationship than are potential partners a person can recall from memory. threatened current committed relationships, as reported in an article published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.
Cognitive-behavioral prevention program for teens at-risk of depression shows benefit
A cognitive-behavioral prevention program for depression among at-risk youth showed benefit more than 6 years after the implementation of the intervention, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.
Parenting in the animal world: Turning off the infanticide instinct
Scientists at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered two small brain regions that control whether a male mouse will attempt infanticide or parenting behavior.
Portable device can quickly test for sickness-causing toxins in shellfish
Mussels, oysters, scallops and clams might be ingredients for fine cuisine, but they can also be a recipe for diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP).
Children with severe obesity may be at higher risk for heart disease and diabetes
A new study led by researchers in the UNC Department of Pediatrics finds a direct correlation between more severe forms of obesity in children and related risk factors for developing heart disease and diabetes -- particularly in boys.
Engines of change: WPI team recovers rare earths from electric and hybrid vehicle motors
In an effort to help develop a domestic supply of rare earth elements, researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute have developed a novel method of chemically separating these materials -- specifically neodymium, dysprosium, and praseodymium -- from the drive units and motors of discarded electric and hybrid cars.
Scientists refine model to predict dangerous errors in cell division
A team of Virginia Tech researchers has refined a mathematical model that simulates the impact of genetic mutations on cell division -- a step that could provide insight into errors that produce and sustain harmful cells, such as those found in tumors.
Study lays groundwork for blood test to aid in the detection and monitoring of myeloma
Only 5 percent of myeloma cases are stage I when diagnosed.
Canadian magazines miss the mark on skin cancer messages
Canadian magazines are sending women mixed messages about skin cancer and tanning, according to new University of Waterloo research.
Real-time analysis of metabolic products
Biologists at ETH Zurich have developed a method that, for the first time, makes it possible to measure concentration changes of several hundred metabolic products simultaneously and almost in real time.
Colds, flu may temporarily increase stroke risk in kids
Stroke is very rare in children, but colds, flu and other minor infections may temporarily increase stroke risk in children, according to a study published in the Sept.
New prostate cancer treatments could target metabolism
Armed with $2.3 million in funding from the NIH's National Cancer Institute, researchers with the University of Houston are testing viable drug targets in search of a more effective treatment for prostate cancer.
Four gut bacteria decrease asthma risk in infants
New research by scientists at UBC and BC Children's Hospital finds that infants can be protected from getting asthma if they acquire four types of gut bacteria by three months of age.
Yale School of Medicine uses ResearchKit App to assess heart conditions
Imagine being able to contribute to research about heart problems affecting children and adults with an iPhone app.
Invisibility cloak might enhance efficiency of solar cells
Success of the energy turnaround will depend decisively on the extended use of renewable energy sources.
NYU's Simoncelli wins Engineering Emmy for creation of method to assess video quality
Eero Simoncelli, a professor in NYU's Center for Neural Science, has won an Engineering Emmy® Award for the creation of a now widely used algorithm that assesses how viewers perceive the quality of an image or video, the Television Academy announced this week.
Measuring X-rays created by lightning strikes on an aircraft in-flight
Scientists have recorded measurements of X-rays of energies up to 10 MeV caused by electrons accelerated in the intense electric fields inside a thundercloud.
Doctors often overtreat with radiation in late-stage lung cancer
Almost half of patients with advanced lung cancer receive more than the recommended number of radiation treatments to reduce their pain, according to a new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
New Emergency Nurses Association study examines moral distress in emergency nurses
A first-of-its-kind study from Emergency Nurses Association, published online in the Journal of Emergency Nursing, finds that moral distress in the emergency department is distinct to those working in that specific environment, compared to nurses in other specializations.
'Avatars' reveal new genetic sources of drug response in late-stage colorectal therapy
Using pieces of human tumors grafted into mice, a team led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers and their colleagues from the University of Torino has identified new mutations in six genes related to drug resistance and sensitivity in late-stage colorectal cancer.
Mummification was commonplace in Bronze Age Britain
Ancient Britons may have intentionally mummified some of their dead during the Bronze Age, according to archaeologists at the University of Sheffield.
Menopausal women experiencing distressing pain during sex
Results from qualitative research of postmenopausal women with VVA show that they recognize the significant physical, emotional and psychological consequences of untreated dyspareunia (painful sex) yet continue to suffer because of misperceptions about the condition and a lack of understanding about treatment options.
NASA's GPM analyzes Typhoon Dujuan's large rainfall totals
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM mission core satellite measured the rainfall that Typhoon Dujuan dropped on Taiwan.
Penn Dental Medicine study blocks inflammatory bone loss in gum disease
A new study led by University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine researchers demonstrates that a protein called Del-1, can inhibit bone loss associated with periodontitis.
Reduced-nicotine cigarettes decreased dependence and frequency of smoking: NEJM study
Reduced-nicotine cigarettes were beneficial in reducing nicotine exposure and dependence, and also the number of cigarettes smoked per day, when compared with standard-nicotine cigarettes in a six-week study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Funding for viral hemorrhagic fever project
A team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry and Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust has received funding of £136,000 from the Health Partnership Scheme to develop a training program to help the Sierra Leonean Health Service to fight future outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever.
Partnership to develop production system for exciting new antibiotic
Researchers from Plymouth University are collaborating with world-leading industrial biotechnology and synthetic biology business Ingenza, to develop an efficient, scalable microbial production system for epidermicin, a new class of antibiotic being developed for use in the fight against infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Psoriasis, risk of depression in the US population
The chronic inflammatory skin condition psoriasis was associated with the risk of major depression, although the risk was unrelated to the severity of the disorder, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.
Patients should be encouraged to use free e-cigarettes in hospitals, argues academic
Health boards in Scotland have banned the use of e-cigarettes, but this presents a missed public health opportunity.
NIH awards Einstein $2.9 million for child sleep research
An estimated 25 to 50 percent of preschoolers do not get enough healthy sleep.
NSF CAREER award to improve data quality and data-driven processes
'Today, data is critical in almost every aspect of society, including healthcare, education, economy, and science,' says Meliou.
Scientists discover how to trap cancer cells before they spread
Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute and the University of Copenhagen have discovered a new way to potentially 'fence in' a tumor and help stop cancer cells spreading.
Increased application of green biomass entails potential as well as challenges
A new memorandum provides a general overview of the most important potential and challenges encountered in connection with an increased application of green biomass in Denmark.
Severely obese children may be at higher risk of heart disease and diabetes
More than three million children in the United States who are severely obese may be at a higher risk of developing heart disease and diabetes than overweight children, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Islamist insurgency strongly influences where polio occurs
Islamist insurgency has had a strong effect on where polio cases occur since 2011, potentially as a reaction to the use of counterinsurgency strategies, according to new research led by UCL.
Solar energy: Hydrogen for all seasons
Chemists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have developed novel porous materials called 'covalent organic frameworks,' which provide a basis for the design of polymeric photocatalysts with tunable physical, chemical and electronic properties.
Joseph DeSimone receives $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine
Professor Joseph M. DeSimone of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the recipient of the inaugural $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine, Northwestern University announced today.
Our environment shapes our language
In a series of experiments recently published in Cognition, researchers from Interacting Minds Centre at Aarhus University, Peer Christensen, Riccardo Fusaroli and Kristian Tylén, show that novel communication systems reflect a variety of environmental and interactional factors.
New portable device counts leukocytes through the skin
A novel way to count white blood cells without a blood test, simply by applying a small device on the fingertip, is being developed by a team of young bioengineers.
A flooding river moves more than just water
The National Science Foundation-funded study will investigate the underlying processes that link the environment, wildlife, domestic animals, and humans in dryland river systems in southern Africa.
Can reducing nicotine curtail smoking?
The question has been kicking around for 20 years: can cutting the amount of nicotine in cigarettes reduce cigarette use and dependence?
High-volume facilities better for nursing hip fractures
A new study finds that the volume of hip fracture cases seen at a skilled nursing facility in the prior 12 months is a good predictor of whether a facility can successfully discharge patients back home within 30 days.
New system helps teachers gain back valuable instruction time, UGA study finds
Elementary schoolchildren often dawdle between activities during the school day, losing valuable instructional time in the process.
'Boomerang' cancer therapy from Ben-Gurion University wins medical category in iGEM competition
he BGU project is based on genetic engineering and synthetic biology methods.
One-third of hormone users at menopause take unapproved, untested compounded drugs
One-third of US women who take hormones at menopause are using compounded hormones, shows a new national survey.
UMMS researchers find genes that shut down HIV-1
A pair of studies by researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School point to a promising new anti-retroviral strategy for combating HIV-1.
NASA satellites gather data on Hurricane Joaquin
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM Core satellite and NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Joaquin and looked at rainfall, cloud height and extent, revealing heavy rainfall and a more organized system than the previous day.
Rock samples from Western US teach how to hunt for life on Mars
With news coming this week that NASA has confirmed the presence of flowing saltwater on the surface of Mars, the hunt for life on the Red Planet has new momentum.
Aspects of patient/physician interaction may help alleviate heartburn symptoms
The results of a small study of patients being treated for chronic heartburn suggest that the longer, more comprehensive interaction that is typical of visits with complementary and integrative medicine providers may result in greater symptom relief than conventional visits.
Swap the couch for a walk to avoid an early death
Swapping just one hour of sitting with walking or other physical activity each day decreases your chance of an early death by 12 to 14 percent, according to a University of Sydney study of over 200,000 Australians.

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