Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 02, 2015
New finds of a living fossil
The coelacanth fish, found today in the Indian Ocean, is often called a 'living fossil' because its last ancestors existed about 70 million years ago and it has survived into the present -- but without leaving any fossil remains younger than that time.

Pre-purification system allows heightened purity of a metal binding compound
The use of an aqueous two phase system allowed the pre-purification of a complex natural product called yersiniabactin, which has an innate ability to bind iron.

A necklace of fractional vortices
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have arrived at how what is known as time-reversal symmetry can break in one class of superconducting material.

Exercise is good for everyone -- but some struggle more than others
People with increased risk of type 2 diabetes need to exercise more than others to achieve the same results, according to new research from Lund University in Sweden.

Pathogen-carrying neotropical ticks ride migratory birds into US
Tick species not normally present in the United States are arriving here on migratory birds.

Can exercise be replaced with a pill?
Everyone knows that exercise improves health and with this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop 'exercise pills' that could mimic at least some of the beneficial effects of physical exercise on the body.

Colorful caterpillar chemists
Scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute compared the diets of two caterpillar species, expecting the one that exclusively consumed plants containing toxic chemicals would more easily incorporate toxins into its body than the one with a broad diet.

Studying cardiac arrhythmias in nematodes
Researchers at the Goethe University have developed a simple model using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans that can be used to test substances for treating genetically mediated cardiac arrhythmias.

Lachman to receive GSA's 2015 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Margie E.

Disney Research uses augmented reality to turn coloring books into 3-D experience
A coloring book and a box of crayons may give kids an early opportunity for creative expression but, next to TV and video games, coloring can sometimes seem unexciting.

Drug used to treat cancer appears to sharpen memory
A drug now being used to treat cancer might make it easier to learn a language, sharpen memory and help those with dementia and Alzheimer's disease by rewiring the brain and keeping neurons alive.

Edelstein to receive GSA's 2015 Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Barry Edelstein, Ph.D., of West Virginia University as the 2015 recipient of the Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award.

NUS making waves in the brave new world of synthetic biology
The National University of Singapore launched a new research initiative called the NUS Synthetic Biology for Clinical and Technological Innovation to further develop research capacity and capabilities in the emerging and fast-growing field, which has the potential to be the next engine for economic growth for technologically advanced countries, including Singapore.

Asthma medications taken during infancy linked to stunted growth
Infants given asthma medications during their first two years of age are likely to be stunted in later life, according to research presented today at the 54th Annual European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology Meeting.

International agreement on MRI-scans 'likely to change how we detect prostate cancer'
International radiological bodies have agreed on a standard for how doctors evaluate MRI to confirm a diagnosis of prostate cancer.

World's largest atom smashers produce world's smallest droplets
A series of experiments conducted recently at the Large Hadron Collider and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have created the tiniest drops of quark-gluon plasma ever made.

UTA wins $1 million grant to build large-scale, arc-heated hypersonic-testing facility
A University of Texas at Arlington aerospace engineering team will build the country's only university-based, arc-heated, hypersonic-testing facility for thermal protection systems through a new $1.01 million Defense University Research Instrumentation Program grant.

In October's Physics World: Taking the rigor of physics to the netherworld...
A handful of scientists are combining their favorite hobby with their day job, to form the emerging field of 'speleophysics' -- exploring how underground caves form, evolve and move water from one place to another.

Fusion reactors 'economically viable' say experts
Fusion reactors could become an economically viable means of generating electricity within a few decades, and policy makers should start planning to build them as a replacement for conventional nuclear power stations, according to new research.

Virginia Tech leads national, 5-year study on head impacts in youth football
Virginia Tech is leading a $3.3 million, multicenter, five-year study that will track head impact exposure in children -- the largest and most comprehensive biomedical study of youth football players to date.

First-aid for defective mucus
Proper lubrication is crucial to keep not only machines but also humans functioning smoothly.

Bengtson, Harris, Putney, Sabbath, Mejia-Guevara, Glymour, Berkman to receive GSA's Kalish Awards
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has named the following individuals as 2015 recipients of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Awards: Vern L.

A stand-up solution
According to a new University of Iowa study, employees with sit-stand desks stood 60 minutes more a day at work compared with their co-workers with sitting desks, and they continued to do so long after their newfangled desks lost their novelty.

Graphene as a front contact for silicon-perovskite tandem solar cells
Silicon absorbers primarily convert the red portion of the solar spectrum very effectively into electrical energy, whereas the blue portions are partially lost as heat.

Online e-cigarette vendors engage customers using popular internet tools
First introduced in the United States in 2007, electronic cigarettes have risen dramatically in part because they are popularly considered safer and more socially acceptable than combustible cigarettes and because there are fewer restrictions on their purchase and use.

Largest dinosaur population growth study ever shows how Maiasaura lived and died
Research into a vast bone bed in western Montana has yielded the most complete life history of any dinosaur known.

Nanocellulose materials by design
New computational approach developed at Northwestern University allows researchers to design cellulose nanocomposites with optimal properties, resulting in materials that live up to their reputation.

Researchers discover evidence that lead exposure in mothers can affect future generation
A team of researchers at Wayne State University have discovered that mothers with high levels of lead in their blood not only affect the fetal cells of their unborn children, but also their grandchildren.

Sylentis announces top-line results from Phase II study for RNAi drug in Glaucoma
The SYLTAG study, which includes 184 patients with a baseline IOP greater than or equal to 23 mm Hg, evaluates the efficacy and safety of four doses 0.375 percent (150 micrograms); 0.75 percent (300 micrograms); 1.125 percent (450 micrograms) y 1.5 percent (600 micrograms) given once a day for 28 days.

Researcher calls for changes to colorectal cancer screening guidelines
Colorectal cancer will claim the lives of close to 50,000 Americans this year, according to the American Cancer Society.

UT Arlington researcher developing framework to detect damage to dams from earthquakes
A UT Arlington researcher is developing a comprehensive, reliability-based framework to analyze North Texas dams and detect damage from seismic activity.

Irrigation of cutaneous abscesses may not be necessary
A procedure commonly performed in emergency departments on cutaneous abscesses may not have any impact on the need for further interventions and therefore may not be necessary, according to a study published online Friday in Annals of Emergency Medicine: 'Irrigation of Cutaneous Abscesses Does Not Improve Treatment Success.'

Fourth Annual IDWeek brings together internationally-recognized infectious disease experts
Infectious disease experts nationwide will gather in Philadelphia for the 4th annual IDWeek Oct.

From nuclear research to surgery technology
A JRC invention initially stemming from its research in the nuclear sector will soon be used by hospitals for minimally-invasive robotic surgery.

Dong to receive GSA's 2015 Joseph T. Freeman Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen XinQi Dong, M.D., M.P.H., of the Rush University Medical Center as the 2015 recipient of the Joseph T.

If not speculating, what are conformers and how to reveal them?
Conformational Concept For Synthetic Chemist's covers many aspects of conformational theory including different understandings of conformer, manifestation of conformers in spectra, interpretation of NMR spectra from the perspective of conformational exchange, the meaning of the potential energy surface, and a practical guide to calculation methods both of molecular mechanics and quantum mechanics.

Hurricane Joaquin may be experiencing eyewall replacement in NASA imagery
The National Hurricane Center indicated on Oct. 2 that powerful Hurricane Joaquin may be experiencing eyewall replacement.

To breathe or to eat: Blue whales forage efficiently to maintain massive body size
As the largest animals to have ever lived on Earth, blue whales maintain their enormous body size through efficient foraging strategies that optimize the energy they gain from the krill they eat, while also conserving oxygen when diving and holding their breath, a new study has found.

JAX reseachers, collaborators report on variations in human genome
A consortium of international researchers, including Charles Lee, Ph.D., of The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, have reported findings from a massive research project exploring variations in the human genome, including structural variations.

Montefiore and Einstein receive funding from the National Institutes of Health to research the impact of cognitive training on mobility
Montefiore and Einstein earned a $3.3 million grant from the NIH to research the impact of cognitive training on the mobility of sedentary seniors.

Signs of ancient megatsunami could portend modern hazard
Scientists working off west Africa in the Cape Verde Islands have found evidence that the sudden collapse of a volcano there tens of thousands of years ago generated an ocean tsunami that dwarfed anything ever seen by humans.

Researchers describe three new species of fruit flies
Researchers recently described three new species of Acanthiophilus, a genus of fruit flies that infest plants of the tribe Cardueae (thistles) within the family Asteraceae.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Mujigae moving through South China Sea
Tropical Storm Mujigae tracked over the northern Philippines and as it entered the South China Sea, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm.

Big eyes!
'Why, Grandma, what big eyes you have!' Though similar in appearance, the hidden cause of those big eyes Little Red Riding Hood notices in Grimms' fairy tale has nothing to do with the hidden cause of enlarged eyeballs in buphthalmia, a genetic mechanism causing this devastating eye disease which has now been uncovered by researchers from the Max Delbrück Center Medicine for Molecular Medicine.

Reducing aeromedical transport for traumas saved money and lives
Changes to the trauma triage protocol in Maryland resulted in decreased use of helicopter transport for trauma patients and improved patient outcomes, saving lives and money.

NASA's SDO sees sun emit mid-level flare Oct. 1
The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 8:13 p.m.

SwRI awarded $3 million NASA contract to develop mission to Jupiter's Trojan asteroids
A Southwest Research Institute proposal to study primitive asteroids orbiting near Jupiter that could give insights into the origins of the solar system is one of five science investigations selected as a possible future NASA mission.

Micro photosynthetic power cells may be the green energy source for the next generation
A novel micro-technology, which captures the electrical power generated by the photosynthesis and respiration of blue-green algae.

Frontera to receive GSA's 2015 Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Walter R.

Scientists closer to controlling body temperature in response to 'fight or flight'
New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that the fight or flight response that we experience in stressful situations may be controlled by a protein called TRPV1.

UBC researchers create self-propelled powder to stop bleeding
UBC researchers have created the first self-propelled particles capable of delivering coagulants against the flow of blood to treat severe bleeding, a potentially huge advancement in trauma care.

On fusion, the isotope program, the HIFU, the cosmic web, particle beam imaging, and more
The following articles are freely available online from Physics Today), the world's most influential and closely followed magazine devoted to physics and the physical science community.

High opioid use in older people with COPD raises safety concerns
Researchers are raising safety concerns about high rates of new opioid use among older adults with COPD, according to a study published today.

UD researcher: Players object to extreme physique of video game characters
A University of Delaware researcher surveyed video game players about their views of characters with unrealistic bodies and found that they objected to the exaggerated and highly sexualized physiques in the games.

Researchers probe the physical forces involved in creating the mitotic spindle
Scientists have gained new insight into the formation of the spindle, which is the molecular machine that divides up genetic material prior to cell division.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Choi-wan form
Tropical Depression Choi-wan formed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and captured infrared data on the developing storm.

Temple physician testing mirror therapy in injured combat veterans
Can a simple mirror help lessen the pain experienced by combat veterans with complex orthopedic injuries or nerve damage to the limbs?

High-fructose diet slows recovery from brain injury
A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains' ability to heal after head trauma, UCLA neuroscientists report.

A novel technology to produce microalgae biomass as feedstock for biofuel, food, feed and more
Novel and scalable technology and production process combining algal biomass cultivation, harvesting and concentration as well as extraction and fractionation of fatty acids from the biomass results in ability to offer high quality feedstock for various industries in a highly competitive price.

Pneumothorax treatment gets less painful
Scientists working in Tianjin Chest Hospital, China, have developed a less painful treatment strategy for Pneumothorax treatment.

ONR advances cutting-edge unmanned underwater vehicles at demo
Hundreds of people from six nations worked on unmanned underwater vehicles and mine countermeasures at the Office of Naval Research-sponsored Pax River technology demonstrations at Naval Air Station Patuxent River in Maryland.

The Algae Foundation receives three-year grant from Department of Energy
The Algae Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to educating the public about the algae industry, has been awarded a multi-year grant from the Department of Energy to develop a college degree in algal cultivation technologies as well as an aquaculture extension training program.

Whitfield to receive GSA's 2015 Minority Mentorship Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Keith Whitfield, Ph.D., of Duke University as the 2015 recipient of the Minority Issues in Gerontology Committee Outstanding Mentorship Award.
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