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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | October 06, 2015


Bristol to host international conference on sustainable livestock
With one in seven humans undernourished and with the challenges of population growth and climate change, the need for efficient food production has never been greater.
Protein reactions identified with subatomic resolution
Using subatomic resolution, researchers have gained insights into the dynamic modus operandi of two switch proteins which are responsible for the import of compounds into the nucleus and for cell growth.
Older, part-time workers' outlook influenced by nature of their employment status
While the financial and social outlook of many older, part-time American workers depends on whether their employment status is voluntary or due to economic circumstances, three-quarters of part-time workers surveyed said those collecting Social Security benefits should be able to earn more before being taxed, according to a new Rutgers study.
Super yellow blends for light efficiency
A blend of two polymers can be used to boost the efficiency of LEDs (light-emitting diodes), according to a research study published in the journal Applied Materials Today.
Long-term contraception in a single shot
Caltech biologists have developed a nonsurgical method to deliver long-term contraception to both male and female animals with a single shot.
Ceritinib in advanced lung cancer: No hint of added benefit
The drug manufacturer's dossier contained no study data suitable for an assessment for any of the two research questions.
Tiny ancient fossil from Spain shows birds flew over the heads of dinosaurs
A new discovery published in the journal Scientific Reports documents the intricate arrangement of the muscles and ligaments that controlled the main feathers of the wing of an ancient bird, supporting the notion that at least some of the most ancient birds performed aerodynamic feats in a fashion similar to those of many living birds.
Targeted chemotherapy shows early signs of slowing tumor growth with less toxicity
Surviving neuroblastoma as a child can come with just as many challenges as the cancer itself, mainly because of the toxic effects of chemotherapy.
Predicting which soldiers will commit severe, violent crimes
A new report shows that a machine learning model using Department of Defense and Army administrative records was able to identify in advance the 5 percent of US Army soldiers serving from 2004 to 2009 who later committed more than one-third of all major Army workplace violent crimes over that time period.
Sugar governs how antibodies work in the immune system
Antibodies protect the body against diseases -- but can also harm their own organism if the reactions are misdirected.
New fossils intensify mystery of short-lived, toothy mammal found in ancient North Pacific
New fossils from the Aleutian Islands intensify the mystery surrounding a toothy, hippopotamus-sized mammal unique to the North Pacific.
Tufts biophysicist receives NIH New Innovator Award for Ebola research
James Munro of Tufts University School of Medicine is a recipient of the 2015 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Award.
Double the (quantum) fun
A group of researchers in Japan is exploring the behavior of a certain type of SET (single-electron transistor) made from two quantum dots, which are bits of material so small they start to exhibit quantum properties.
Understanding others' thoughts enables young kids to lie
Kids who are taught to reason about the mental states of others are more likely to use deception to win a reward, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
CWRU nurse scientist awarded $2.48 million to help families make critical-care decisions
A new $2.48 million federal grant will allow researchers at Case Western Reserve University to revise and test the effectiveness of an interactive avatar-based technology that helps users make end-of-life decisions well in advance of an ICU emergency.
Basser Center for BRCA awards $375,000 in national grants for BRCA research
Penn Medicine's Basser Center for BRCA announced $375,000 in new grant funding to support BRCA-focused research projects across the nation.
Extremely active rats become lazy when they artificially receive 'runners' high'
Researchers at the University of Missouri have found that activating the pleasure and reward receptors in the brain could provide the 'reward' of dangerous drugs without having to consume those drugs.
New microscopy technology augments surgeon's view for greater accuracy
Researchers at the University of Arizona in Tucson have developed a prototype of a new microscope technology that could help surgeons work with a greater degree of accuracy in diagnosing cancer or performing brain surgery or other procedures.
Residents of Copenhagen less welcoming to immigrants than Houstonians are
A Kinder Institute Copenhagen Area Survey draws comparisons between Houston and Copenhagen, two cities that are drastically different in many ways, yet roughly equally ranked on global city scales.
Study finds considerable differences in bowel cancer deaths across Europe
Over the past 40 years, deaths from bowel (colorectal) cancer have been falling in an increasing number of European countries.
Binghamton University professor fights cancer with hedgehogs
A Binghamton University biochemist has discovered a new way to fight cancer, one that attacks only the cancer cells and promises fewer side effects.
Findings from Lancet study on women and health presented at UM
The results of a major Commission report on women and health took center stage at the Donna E.
Surgical trainees retain information, master skills better when honed beyond proficiency
Researchers from Drexel University, Philadelphia, have found that when surgical trainees train beyond competence using a simulator, they retain information longer and master surgical skills better than those who stop practicing when they achieve an initial level of proficiency.
UGA receives $8.2 million grant to support families in Georgia child welfare system
A team of University of Georgia faculty members, led by a researcher in the College of Family and Consumer Sciences, has received an $8.2 million grant from the Administration for Children and Families, a division of the US Department of Health and Human Services, to improve the lives of children and families in the child welfare system in Georgia.
The predator survives -- but the ecosystem crashes
What do killer whales, polar bears and humans have in common?
Now anyone can run a climate model
Australian researchers have developed a simple online climate model that allows anyone to deconstruct our atmosphere and environment with the click of a button and see how our world would change.
Repeating aloud to another person boosts recall
Repeating aloud boosts verbal memory, especially when you do it while addressing another person, says Professor Victor Boucher of the University of Montreal.
NASA sees Typhoon Choi-wan moving north in Western Pacific
Typhoon Choi-wan continued to move north in the western Pacific Ocean as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead in space on Oct.
Multiple studies using Bio-Rad's Droplet Digital™ PCR systems highlighted at the 2015 ASHG Annual Meeting
Researchers will present research showcasing new applications of droplet digital PCR for copy number determination, genome editing, mosaic analysis, gene expression, and liquid biopsy among others.
UC Davis granted $15.5 million to build world's first total-body PET scanner
The NIH has awarded a grant of $15.5 million to a UC Davis team to build the world's first total-body positron emission tomography (PET) scanner, which could fundamentally change the way cancers are tracked and treated and put the university on the nation's leading edge of molecular imaging.
Data integration or die: The importance of biologist input in efficiently sharing data
Vicky Schneider, 361° Division at The Genome Analysis Centre, along with UK and European partners, has reviewed key aspects of standards and formats of biological data to highlight the importance of data integration and management tools for biologists.
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oct. 2015
This tip sheet includes: High octane rating makes ethanol attractive; ORNL has potential solution to congestion, collisions; ORNL using advanced methods to discover new materials; ORNL hosting molten salt reactor workshop; and Virginia Tech using ORNL computing resources for energy exploration
Five things hospitals can do to improve outcomes of weekend surgeries
Patients who undergo surgeries on weekends experience longer hospital stays and higher mortality rates and readmissions.
Vaginal microbes influence whether mucus can trap HIV virus
HIV particles are effectively trapped by the cervicovaginal mucus from women who harbor a particular vaginal bacteria species, Lactobacillus crispatus.
Lack of D1 receptor leads to slowness of movements in Parkinson's disease
Assistant Professor Satomi Chiken and Professor Atsushi Nambu from National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Dr.
Should women consume alcohol during pregnancy?
In The BMJ this week, experts discuss the evidence and current guidelines on the controversial topic of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
ACAAI 2015 Annual Scientific Meeting in San Antonio, TX
Want to know the latest on research and treatment from the experts in allergy and asthma?
More women may have option to get IUD minutes after giving birth
More women may have the option to get an intrauterine device or contraceptive implant immediately after delivering a baby, thanks to expanding Medicaid coverage around the country.
Griffith nursing researcher honored by prestigious academy
Professor of Nursing, Claire Rickard from Griffith University has been made a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences.
New species discovered: Hog-nose rat
Museum of Natural Science Curator of Mammals Jake Esselstyn at Louisiana State University and his international collaborators have discovered a new genus and species on a remote, mountainous island in Indonesia.
Chile to create Patagonia Marine Protected Area network
The government of Chile announced today at the Our Oceans Summit in Valparaiso its plan to design a network of Marine Protected Areas for the purpose of safeguarding Patagonia's whales, dolphins, sea lions, sea birds and other coastal biodiversity, an initiative that would expand the country's protected waters by 100,000 square kilometers (more than 38,000 square miles).
New decision instruments could help avoid unnecessary scans after chest trauma
Two new clinical decision instruments may allow physicians to rule out chest injury before resorting to computed tomography scans, avoiding unnecessary chest CT-associated costs and radiation exposure in approximately one-third of blunt trauma patients, according to a study appearing in this week's PLOS Medicine by Dr Robert Rodriguez of the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues.
Our brain's response to others' good news depends on empathy
The way our brain responds to others' good fortune is linked to how empathetic people report themselves to be, according to new UCL-led research.
How the brain's wiring leads to cognitive control
By using structural imaging techniques to convert brain scans into 'wiring diagrams' of connections between brain regions, researchers used the structure of these neural networks to reveal the fundamental rules that govern which parts of the brain are most able to exert 'cognitive control' over thoughts and actions.
Older patients recover more slowly from concussion
Older individuals may have a more difficult time recovering from concussion, according to a new study.
Researchers discover clues on how giraffe neck evolved
Researchers at NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine have discovered stages of cervical elongation in the giraffe family, revealing details about the evolutionary transformation of the neck within extinct species of the family.
Restoring vision with stem cells
Age-related macular degeneration could be treated by transplanting photoreceptors produced by the directed differentiation of stem cells.
International Year of Soils celebration to discuss soil on Mars
Studying Martian soil may give insights into Earth surfaces as well.
NIH scientists identify how normally protective immune responses kill neurons
NIH scientists have discovered why certain immune responses, which typically help cells recognize and fight viral and bacterial infections, can sometimes be harmful to the brain.
UMMS, academic partners awarded $20 million CDC grant to prevent ebola outbreak in Liberia
UMass Medical School and its partners at Boston Children's Hospital and other academic medical centers have been awarded $20 million from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to expand their efforts toward preventing another outbreak of Ebola or other highly contagious virus in Liberia.
NRL rocket experiment tests effects of dusty plasma on the ionosphere
NRL, in collaboration with numerous universities and government laboratories, will use data gathered form the experiment to study the effects of dusty plasmas -- thought to be a source of radio interference.
Rebates a cost-effective way to boost healthy eating among low-income people, study finds
Nationwide expansion of USDA's Healthy Incentives Pilot would promote purchase, consumption of fruits, vegetables, and slightly increase longevity of SNAP recipients.
New human ancestor's feet resemble our own, Dartmouth scientist finds
As a specialist in fossil feet, Dartmouth anthropologist Jeremy DeSilva has scrutinized Homo naledi, the latest addition to the human ancestral lineage, which was announced Sept.
Preferences for a good end-of-life experience
A study comparing preferences and willingness to pay for end-of-life treatments between advanced cancer patients and the general population of older adults has shown that patients are willing to pay more for all aspects of a good end-of-life experience compared to what healthy older adults believe they would pay if in a similar situation.
Simulation training saves precious minutes in speeding the treatment of trauma patients
To help trauma teams optimize a limited window of time after an emergency, trauma surgeons have developed a simulation training program that cuts precious minutes off evaluation times and gets trauma patients to medical imaging tests faster, investigators reported at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
WSU study proposes first nationwide wildlife conservation network
Research published in the journal Biological Conservation shows that isolated wildlife sanctuaries could be linked by a national network of protected river corridors to provide animals with the spacious, connected habitats they need to thrive.
Ancient rocks record first evidence for photosynthesis that made oxygen
A new study shows that iron-bearing rocks that formed at the ocean floor 3.2 billion years ago carry unmistakable evidence of oxygen.
Psychostimulants more likely to reduce rather than worsen anxiety in children with ADHD
A new review of studies involving nearly 3,000 children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder concludes that, although anxiety has been reported as a side-effect of stimulant medication, psychostimulant treatment for ADHD significantly reduces the risk of anxiety.
New study reveals limited public understanding of dementia globally
Believing that dementia is a normal part of aging is the most common misconception about dementia, according to a new global study conducted by Irish researchers.
New AAOS guidelines outline prevention, treatment strategies for ACL injuries
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors has approved Appropriate Use Criteria for anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs and treatment, as well as rehabilitation and function checklists to help guide and ensure a safe return to sports for the treated athlete.
New licensing terms for Springer eBooks and journals expand online learning permissions
Starting in October 2015, Springer, part of the newly formed publishing group Springer Nature, will offer customers a way to make their online educational initiatives even more attractive.
From trees to power: McMaster engineers build better energy storage device
This work demonstrates an improved three-dimensional energy storage device constructed by trapping functional nanoparticles within the walls of a foam-like structure made of nanocellulose.
MD Anderson, Theraclone Sciences form OncoResponse
OncoResponse, an immuno-oncology antibody discovery company, has been launched jointly by the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Theraclone Sciences.
Slow and fast, but not furious -- NYU researchers trace how birds, fish go with the flow
Fish and birds, when moving in groups, could use two 'gears' -- one slow and another fast -- in ways that conserve energy, a team of NYU researchers has concluded.
Discovery about new battery overturns decades of false assumptions
New findings have overturned a scientific dogma that stood for decades, by showing that potassium can work with graphite in a potassium-ion battery -- a discovery that could pose a challenge and more sustainable, less costly alternative to the widely used lithium-ion battery.
Birth weight and poor childhood growth linked to hearing & vision problems in middle age
A study of up to 433,390 UK adults, led by The University of Manchester, has linked being under and overweight at birth with poorer hearing, vision and cognition in middle age.
The science of retweets
What's the best time to tweet, to ensure maximum audience engagement?
Artificial intelligence uncovers clues to why embryos develop abnormally
In what is believed to be a first, artificial intelligence has been used to discover a molecular model that explains deviations from normal embryonic development.
Even if imprisoned inside a crystal, molecules can still move
X-ray crystallography reveals the three-dimensional structure of a molecule, especially for therapeutic or biotechnological purposes.
The hand and foot of Homo naledi
The second set of papers related to the remarkable discovery of Homo naledi, a new species of human relative, have been published in scientific journal, Nature Communications, and describe the structure and function of the H. naledi hand and foot.
From Molecular Case Studies: Genomics of exceptional responder to NOTCH inhibitor
Normal T-cell development requires Notch signaling but hyperactivity can lead to cancer.
Study questions benefit of exercise program following immobilization of ankle fracture
A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after removal of immobilization for patients with an uncomplicated ankle fracture, according to a study in the Oct.
Nutritional needs for skeletal health change as you age, says new scientific review
Whether you're young or old, the right nutrition can make a difference to your bone health and influence your ability to live an independent, mobile, fracture-free life into your more senior years.
NASA gets Hurricane Oho by the tail
Tropical Storm Oho intensified into a hurricane on October 6 and appeared to have a 'tail' in Infrared NASA satellite imagery.
Cancer and blood researchers honored with academy election
Professor Nick Nicola, Professor Warren Alexander and Professor David Vaux were appointed new fellows of the AAHMS.
New book on neurogenesis from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Written and edited by experts in the field, 'Neurogenesis,' from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, provides a state-of-the-art account of the sophisticated neurogenic processes in the adult mammalian brain -- particularly in the hippocampus and olfactory bulb.
Know your enemy: Outdated mental biases are making modern life more difficult
What does Dumbledore have in common with Dr. Jekyll and Mr.
NYU physicist Gershow receives NIH's 'New Innovator' award
Marc Gershow, an assistant professor in NYU's Department of Physics, has received a highly competitive 'New Innovator' award from the National Institutes of Health.
National research network for venous thromboembolism patients at Lady Davis Institute
In recognition of the seriousness and prevalence of venous thromboembolism, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Fonds de recherche Québec - Santé, and a consortium of public and private funders, including the Lady Davis Institute at the Jewish General Hospital and McGill University, and The Ottawa Hospital and University of Ottawa have invested $5.2 million over 5 years to establish the Canadian Venous Thromboembolism Clinical Trials and Outcomes Research Network (to be known as CanVECTOR).
Routine use of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer still to be established
A comparison of the surgical removal of rectal tumors by a laparoscopically assisted procedure and open surgery reveals that the case for routine use of laparoscopic procedures has not yet been established, according to a randomized control-trial study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Study shows how dominant parents affect kids' self-worth
Children's self-esteem is linked to the behaviour of who is considered the most powerful parent within the household, new University of Sussex research suggests.
Melatonin and mealtime: Common genetic difference could put some at greater risk of diabetes
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the University of Murcia, Spain, have shed new light on why people who carry a common genetic mutation may be more at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Bowel screening kit with extras could help save more lives
Thousands more people would take part in bowel cancer screening if the kit included extras, such as gloves and 'poo catchers,' according to a Cancer Research UK study published Wednesday in Biomed Research International.
Carnegie's Jonikas and Zhang receive prestigious NIH awards
Two researchers, Martin Jonikas of Carnegie's Department of Plant Biology and Zhao Zhang of the Department of Embryology, have been awarded the New Innovator and Early Independence Awards, respectively, from the National Institutes of Health.
Computational intelligence augments our capability to solve problems in human-like manner
The Handbook of Computational Intelligence is written by leaders in research in this area as well as some rising stars.
Of skin and teeth: Identifying key differences in Asians
Authors Susana Seixas et al., in a new study recently published in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, have found key differences in a suite of genes important for skin and bone development that may have bestowed specific advantages amongst Asians.
Findings do not support routine use of minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer
Compared to open resection (surgical removal) for rectal cancer, minimally invasive laparoscopic-assisted resection did not provide better cancer outcomes, according to two studies in the Oct.
Cell's waste disposal system regulates body clock proteins
Researchers have a new genome screen that has identified partner molecules of cell-waste disposal proteins.
Treatment for heparin-induced blood disorder revealed in structure of antibody complex
A potential treatment for a serious clotting condition that can strike patients who receive heparin to treat or prevent blood clots may lie within reach by elucidating the structure of the protein complex at its root.
Polar region changes in response to global warming to be discussed by leading thinkers
The most authoritative forum on the role of the polar regions in global climate change will be held Nov.
Jackson Laboratory researchers discover mutation involved in neurodegeneration
A mutation that increases the level of a special class of sphingolipids -- molecules important to cell structure and signaling -- can lead to neurodegeneration due to problems with neuronal membranes, reports a research team led by Jackson Laboratory Research Scientist Lihong Zhao, Ph.D. and Professor Patsy Nishina, Ph.D.
Approach or buzz off: Brain cells in fruit fly hold secret to individual odor preferences
Responding appropriately to the smell of food or the scent of danger can mean life or death to a fruit fly, and brain circuits are in place to make sure the fly gets it right.
New tools help provide vital demographics, population statistics to policymakers
Those looking for data and analytical reports often turn to the American Community Survey (ACS) from the US Census, which provides data such as unemployment, median household income, and housing prices for multi-year periods.
Study: Burnout impacts transplant nurses
More than half of nurses who work with organ transplant patients in the United States experience high levels of emotional exhaustion, a primary sign of burnout, according to a study published by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital.
Scripps Florida scientist wins coveted National Institutes of Health Pioneer Award
Matthew D. Disney, a professor on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has been awarded a prestigious 2015 Pioneer Award from the National Institutes of Health.
MIT Deshpande Center announces fall 2015 research grants
The MIT Deshpande Center for Technological Innovation announced today it is awarding $1,151,000 in grants to fifteen MIT research teams currently working on early-stage technologies.
Heavy Internet use may put teens at risk for high blood pressure
Teens who spend hours on the Internet may be at risk for high blood pressure, say researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
FMT now available in capsule form: could this be the end of antibiotics in C. difficile?
A new capsule form of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has raised hopes that this effective treatment for Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection and other bowel conditions might soon become mainstream.
New research shows ovarian transplants appear to be safe and effective
Women who have ovarian tissue removed, stored and then transplanted back to them at a later date have a good chance of successfully becoming pregnant, according to a review of the largest series of ovarian transplants performed worldwide, published in Human Reproduction journal.
SAGE to begin publishing Applied Spectroscopy with the Society for Applied Spectroscopy
London, UK. SAGE, a world leading independent and academic publisher, today announced that as of January 2016 it is to begin publishing Applied Spectroscopy in partnership with the Society for Applied Spectroscopy.
New surfaces delay ice formation
'People intuitively know that frost can be bad,' said Amy Betz, a professor in mechanical engineering at Kansas State University.
Detecting HIV diagnostic antibodies with DNA nanomachines
An international team of researchers have designed and synthesized a nanometer-scale DNA 'machine' whose customized modifications enable it to recognize a specific target antibody.
Commentary: Hospitals may sicken many by withholding food and sleep
A Johns Hopkins surgeon and prominent patient safety researcher is calling on hospitals to reform emergency room, surgical and other medical protocols that sicken up to half of already seriously ill patients -- in some cases severely -- with preventable and potentially dangerous bouts of food and sleep deprivation.
Back to the future: Science fiction turns science fact
Do you remember the 3-D-display from 'Back to the Future 2'?
Ferring Research Institute Inc. announces recipients of Ferring Innovation Grants
Ferring Research Institute Inc. today announced the recipients of the 2015 Ferring Innovation Grants.
JBEI joins 100/500 club
The Joint BioEnergy Institute is now a member of the '100/500 Club,' having filed its 100th patent application and published its 500th scientific paper.
Physicists shrink particle accelerator
An interdisciplinary team of researchers has built the first prototype of a miniature particle accelerator that uses terahertz radiation instead of radio frequency structures.
Research calls for stricter screening recommendations for family history of colon cancer
All relatives of individuals with colorectal cancer are at increased risk for this cancer, regardless of the age of diagnosis of the index patient in the family, according to a study published online in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.
Chapman University researches way to mathematically make something go viral on Facebook
Researchers at Chapman University have proposed a strategic approach for information spreading via Facebook using cancer screenings as a health intervention.
Satellites see Hurricane Joaquin moving through Northern Atlantic
NASA and NOAA satellites have been watching Hurricane Joaquin move to the northeast through the northern Atlantic Ocean.
Project aims to help brain fix itself
A multidisciplinary team of Rice University scientists backed by the National Science Foundation studies how neuronal networks form in the brain.
Novel cybercatalog of flower-loving flies suggests the digital future of taxonomy
By providing a novel taxonomic 'cybercatalog' of the southern African flower-loving (apiocerid) flies, the authors demonstrate how the network of taxonomic knowledge can be made available through links to online data providers.
Flu vaccine helps reduce hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia
More than half of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia could be prevented by influenza vaccination, according to a study led by investigators at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Studies suggest new ways to inhibit oncogenes, enhance tumor-suppressor activity
Two studies by cancer scientists at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute suggest new approaches for treating cancer by inhibiting overactive cancer-promoting genes and by enhancing the activity of sluggish tumor-suppressor genes.
New test predicts teens' future risk of heart disease
A new test can predict teenagers' future risk of heart disease, the number 1 killer of both men and women.
Tour to showcase Upper Midwest organic agriculture
The 'Upper Midwest Organic Agriculture Tour' planned at the Synergy in Science ASA, CSSA, SSSA International Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, Minn., will highlight the Twin Cities' thriving local and organic food system.
Cancer Research UK invests £15 million to unite finest minds across UK
Cancer Research UK has invested £15 million to inspire collaborative cancer research between scientists across the UK through a new awards scheme launched today.
Chest CT scans often can be avoided in blunt trauma ER cases, study finds
Use of CT scans of the chest for hospital emergency-room patients with blunt trauma could be reduced by more than one-third without compromising detection of major injury, concludes a new study led by a UCSF physician.
Foot fossils of human relative illustrate evolutionary 'messiness' of bipedal walking
A new study on Homo naledi, the extinct human relative whose remains were discovered in a South African cave and introduced to the world last month, suggests that although its feet were the most human-like part of its body, H. naledi didn't use them to walk in the same way we do.
American placebo
A new study finds that rising placebo responses may play a part in the increasingly high failure rate for clinical trials of drugs designed to control chronic pain caused by nerve damage.
Researchers uncover new genetic markers for wheat improvement
Kansas State University wheat scientists have completed the first study of a chromosome in a tertiary gene pool and have called it a breakthrough in exploring wheat wild relatives for future crop improvement.
Fresh insight into rheumatoid arthritis offers hope for transforming patient care
Scientists have discovered what they believe has the potential to prevent the onset of an aggressive and hard-to-treat form of rheumatoid arthritis -- a condition that affects 700,000 adults in the UK.
Department of Defense awards nearly $6 million grant to further bone fracture repair research
A collaborative research team led by scientists at Houston Methodist is one step closer to developing technologies that could help mend broken bones faster.
Organic semiconductors get weird at the edge: University of British Columbia research
As the push for tinier and faster electronics continues, a new finding by University of British Columbia scientists could help inform the design of the next generation of cheaper, more efficient devices.
High-arctic butterflies shrink with rising temperatures
New research shows that butterflies in Greenland have become smaller in response to increasing temperatures due to climate change.
Tolerant immune system increases cancer risk
If peripheral immune tolerance is very distinct, the risk for lung cancer doubles, the risk for colon cancer increases by 60 percent, scientists from the German Cancer Research Center have now reported.
Knee-deep in spider leg evolution
Authors Nikola-Michael Prpic et al., in a new study appearing in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, have identified the driving force behind the evolution of a leg novelty first found in spiders: knees.
Study: Link between dengue epidemics and high temperatures during strong El Niño season
Epidemics of dengue are linked to high temperatures brought by the El Niño weather phenomenon, a University of Florida scientist working with an international team of researchers has found.
Catching cancers when they are small still makes a difference to survival
Catching cancers when they are small still makes a difference to survival, even in the current era of more effective therapies, suggests a study of breast cancer patients in The BMJ this week.
Edible love gifts may influence female behavior, suggests cricket study
Edible gifts given by male crickets to their female partners during mating contain unique proteins which could affect the females' behaviour according to research from the University of Exeter and Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, published today in the journal PLOS ONE.
New report shows more Texas workers getting health insurance from employers
A larger percentage of Texas workers are getting health insurance through their employers now than before the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.
People with higher 'intellectual arrogance' get better grades, Baylor study finds
People who think they know it all -- or a lot -- may be on to something, according to a Baylor University study.
Virus-drug combination shows improved effectiveness against brain tumor cells
A rabbit virus currently being developed for cancer therapy can be paired with one of several existing drugs to deliver a more potent punch to a deadly type of brain tumor cell, researchers have found.
Embrace the chaos: Predictable ecosystems may be more fragile
A new study published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences says managing our environment for predictable outcomes is risky.

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