Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 08, 2015
Paul D. Schomer named recipient of the ASA Distinguished Service Citation
Paul D. Schomer, Owner and Principal of Schomer and Associates, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America Distinguished Service Citation.

Evidence for long-lasting lakes on Mars
New data from the Curiosity rover reveals that a transient water system of deltas and lakes once dominated the landscape at Mars's Gale crater.

Expanded AGS Beers Criteria offer new info, tools for safer medication use in older adults
Reflecting expert review of 6,700 studies, updates to the AGS Beers Criteria -- one of the American Geriatrics Society's most frequently cited references -- will enhance care quality as a platform for considering the risks and benefits of certain medications.

NASA satellite data shows Joaquin becoming a post-Tropical Cyclone
Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite showed Hurricane Joaquin weakening over cooler waters and transitioning into a post-tropical cyclone.

Perceptions of fetal size influence interventions in pregnancy, BU study finds
Nearly one-third of women, without a prior cesarean, reported that they were told by their maternity care providers that their babies might be 'quite large,' leading to higher rates of medically induced labor or planned cesarean deliveries that may not be warranted, a new study co-authored by Boston University School of Public Health and Medicine researchers shows.

Diet supplement keeps circadian clock from slowing down in aging mice
Falling levels of polyamines, compounds present in all living cells, cause circadian rhythms to slow down in older mice, reports a study published Oct.

Surgery on melanoma that has spread into abdomen more than doubles patient survival time
Research in metastatic melanoma patients compares surgery to systemic drug therapy alone, shows clear benefits to multi-pronged approach

New study shows that varying walking pace burns more calories
Engineering researchers at the Ohio State University have found that walking at varying speeds can burn up to 20 percent more calories compared to maintaining a steady pace.

Researchers create inside-out plants to watch how cellulose forms
Researchers have been able to watch the interior cells of a plant synthesize cellulose for the first time by tricking the cells into growing on the plant's surface, according to a new paper published in Science.

A long look back at fishes' extendable jaws
When it comes to catching elusive prey, many fishes rely on a special trick: protruding jaws that quickly extend their reach to snap up that next meal.

IQWiG publishes English translation of the new version of its General Methods
Changes in methods paper 4.2 primarily concern the sections on the assessment of the potential of non-drug interventions, on health economic evaluation, and on health Information.

Faster design -- better catalysts
While the cleaning of car exhausts is among the best known applications of catalytic processes, it is only the tip of the iceberg.

Pitt researchers to study impact of adolescent brain development and substance abuse
Researchers will be recruiting approximately 500 kids in the region.

NSF grant funds purchase of new high-performance computer
A grant from the National Science Foundation will provide University of Houston research groups with faster computational power and offer invaluable training benefits for students.

Researchers learn how to grow old brain cells
The new technique allows scientists to study diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's using cells from human patients.

Mapping the genes that increase lifespan
Researchers aiming to slow the aging process have new targets to explore.

A new measure for wireless power transfer
A Toyohashi Tech researcher and the Anritsu Corporation have jointly developed a new measurement system to support the construction of highly efficient wireless power-transfer links.

Ben-Gurion U. and MIT researchers develop rapid method for water, soil pathogen screening
The study, published online in the Water, Air & Soil Pollution journal (Springer) defines an accurate, inexpensive, high-throughput, and rapid alternative for screening of pathogens from various environmental samples.

The Lancet: Smoking set to kill 1 in 3 young men in China
One in three of all the young men in China will eventually be killed by tobacco, unless a substantial proportion stop smoking, according to new research published in The Lancet.

Surgeons restore hand, arm movement to quadriplegic patients
A pioneering surgical technique has restored some hand and arm movement to patients immobilized by spinal cord injuries in the neck, reports a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

87 percent of Americans say candidates should have basic understanding of science informing public policy
The public opinion poll of US adults commissioned by Research!America and ScienceDebate.org, conducted by Zogby Analytics, found that less than half (45 percent) of Americans say they are well-informed about the positions of the current candidates for President about public policies and public funding for science and innovation.

Low awareness of DVLA safe driving guidelines among hospital doctors
New research published today by JRSM Open concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines relating to commonly occurring medical conditions.

Protein research uncovers potential new diagnosis and therapy for breast cancer
Scientists at the University of York, using clinical specimens from charity Breast Cancer Now's Tissue Bank, have conducted new research into a specific sodium channel that indicates the presence of cancer cells and affects tumour growth rates.

UNC-Chapel Hill researchers reveal type of vaginal bacteria that protects women from HIV
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a type of vaginal bacteria within the mucus of the female reproductive system that can protect women from HIV as well as other sexually transmitted infections.

Scientists discover essential amino acid sensor in key growth-regulating metabolic pathway
Whitehead Institute scientists have at last answered the long-standing question of how the growth-regulating pathway known as mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) detects the presence of the amino acid leucine -- itself a key player in modulating muscle growth, appetite, and insulin secretion.

NSF awards $74.5 million to support interdisciplinary cybersecurity research
The National Science Foundation has long supported cybersecurity research to protect the frontiers of cyberspace.

Many colonoscopy patients do not accurately recall important exam details as time lapses
As time lapses, many colonoscopy patients become less and less likely to recall when and where they last had the procedure performed; who the doctor was who performed it; whether polyps were found, and, if so, the number and size of those polyps, according to new study results presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Older tobacco users pay more for health insurance under Affordable Care Act
A new study finds tobacco users would pay more for a health insurance plan from the Affordable Care Act exchanges than non-tobacco users in nearly every county of the 37 states that used healthcare.gov to sell their plans in 2015.

Seeing in a new light
Craig Montell's lab has made new discoveries at the cellular and molecular levels about how the eye processes light

Surgical resection prolongs survival for patients whose melanoma has spread to the abdomen
Surgical removal of melanoma that has metastasized, or spread, to the abdomen appears to help patients live more than twice as long as those who receive only medical therapy, according to study results presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Researchers create 'leukemia in a dish' to better study it
Scientists engineered stem cells to better understand the mechanisms behind a form of leukemia caused by changes in a key gene, according to a study led by Mount Sinai researchers and published online today in the journal Cell Reports.

Beetles provide clues about the genetic foundations of parenthood
A team of researchers including scientists from the University of Georgia has identified many of the genetic changes that take place in burying beetles as they assume the role of parent.

On soft ground? Tread lightly to stay fast...
Soft steps and large feet can allow animals and robots to maintain high speeds on very loose soil and sand.

Plant biosensor could help African farmers fight parasitic 'witchweed'
Striga, also known as witchweed, is a parasitic plant that affects 100 million people in sub-Saharan Africa.

Federal truck size and weight study falls short of congressional requirements, says new report
Although a US Department of Transportation report on federal truck size and weight limits acknowledges gaps in addressing its legislative charge, a more comprehensive and useful response would have been possible, says a new letter report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Math story time at home bolsters achievement in school
Use of an iPad app that fosters parent-child interactions around math markedly increases children's math achievement across the school year, especially for children with parents who are habitually anxious about math.

Proteins with ALS, cancer role do not assume a regular shape
Our cells contain proteins, essential to functions like protein creation and DNA repair but also involved in forms of ALS and cancer, that never take a characteristic shape, a new study shows.

Difficulty processing speech may be an effect of dyslexia, not a cause
The cognitive skills used to learn how to ride a bike may be the key to a more accurate understanding of developmental dyslexia.

Wet paleoclimate of Mars revealed by ancient lakes at Gale Crater
A paper published today in Science by members of the MSL team describes ancient water flows and lakes on Mars, and what this might mean about the ancient climate.

Waste water treatment plants fail to completely eliminate new chemical compounds
A study conducted on the Basque coast by a research group indicates that the most polluted waters, the ones with the highest levels of bioconcentration, the highest percentage of intersex fish, etc. exist around waste water treatment plants.

Immune studies suggest remedies for parathyroid hormone-driven bone loss
A common cause of bone loss is an overactive parathyroid gland, which doctors usually treat with surgery.

Up to 1 billion people at risk of blindness by 2050
5 billion are expected to be myopic (short-sighted) by 2050.

Allan D. Pierce named recipient of the ASA Distinguished Service Citation
Allan D. Pierce, Professor Emeritus at Boston University, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) Distinguished Service Citation for his excellent service to the Acoustical Society of America, and especially for his 15 years of service as Editor-in-Chief.

Identified an 'alarm clock' of a leukemia-causing oncogene
Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, led by Manel Esteller have shown that mutations in DNMT3A gene cause MEIS1 activacion, triggering leukemia.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP sees wind-shear battered extra-tropical Oho
Infrared data from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite showed Tropical Storm Oho weakening over cool waters and transitioning into an extra-tropical cyclone while being battered by strong wind shear.

Professor Janet Hemingway, outlines 15 years of malaria interventions in Africa
In an editorial in the weekly science journal Nature, LSTM's Director, Professor Janet Hemingway, looks at how the last 15 years of control measures have led to massive reductions in disease prevalence in Africa since 2000.

Researchers unlock secrets of troublesome Tribble protein
Scientists from New Zealand and Australia have created the first three-dimensional image of a key protein involved in the development of blood and other cancers.

Severity of skin psoriasis linked to blood vessel inflammation, cardiovascular risk
The amount of psoriasis a person has on their skin may be related to the amount of inflammation in their blood vessels.

Women and men react differently to infidelity
A recent Norwegian study shows that men and women react differently to various types of infidelity.

Brian G. Ferguson named recipient of the Silver Medal in Signal Processing in Acoustics
Brian G. Ferguson, Principal Scientist in the Maritime Division at the Defence Science and Technology Organization, Australia, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America's Silver Medal in Signal Processing in Acoustics for contributions to in-air and in-water acoustic classification, localization and tracking.

Poor infant sleep may predict problematic toddler behavior
A recent Tel Aviv University study finds a definite link between poor infant sleep and compromised attention and behavior at the toddler stage.

Affordable Care Act helps Virginia improve HIV outcomes
Low-income HIV patients enrolled in Affordable Care Act health-care plans achieved better outcomes and the resulting cost savings allowed the state of Virginia to support care for more patients, according to a groundbreaking study from the University of Virginia being presented at IDWeek 2015™.

'This enormous burden': Controlling cervical cancer in Latin America
Cervical cancer is an 'enormous burden' for Latin-American society, and the third leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the region, say Dr.

Bay Area national labs team to tackle long-standing automotive hydrogen storage challenge
Sandia National Laboratories will lead a new tri-lab consortium to address unsolved scientific challenges in the development of viable solid-state materials for storage of hydrogen onboard vehicles.

New study suggests hallucinations, alone, do not predict onset of schizophrenia
A new analysis led by researchers at the UNC School of Medicine identified 'illogical thoughts' as most predictive of schizophrenia risk.

Ancient genome from Africa sequenced for the first time
DNA from 4,500-year-old Ethiopian skull reveals a huge migratory wave of West Eurasians into the Horn of Africa around 3,000 years ago had a genetic impact on modern populations right across the African continent.

Yang-Hann Kim named recipient of the Rossing Prize in Acoustics Education
Yang-Hann Kim, Professor at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology), Daejeon, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) Rossing Prize in Acoustics Education.

UT Arlington computer scientist using deep web mining to make browsing easier
A University of Texas at Arlington researcher is partnering with colleagues at Qatar University and George Washington University to make browsing on a cellphone easier.

Common gene variant linked to chromosome errors and early pregnancy loss
Researchers have identified a common genetic variant strongly associated with chromosome gains and losses during the early stages of human embryonic development.

Study examines cancer-care outcomes among US hospitals
Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage.

First-born in family more likely to be nearsighted; priority of education may be factor
First-born individuals in a sample of adults in the United Kingdom were more likely to be nearsighted than later-born individuals in a family, and the association was larger before adjusting for educational exposure, suggesting that reduced parental investment in the education of children with later birth orders may be partly responsible, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Evolution of kangaroo-like jerboas sheds light on limb development
With their tiny forelimbs and long hindlimbs and feet, jerboas are oddly proportioned creatures that look something like a pint-size cross between a kangaroo and the common mouse.

Protecting newborn brains using hypothermia
A unique study at Children's Hospital Los Angeles of newborns treated with hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy -- a condition that occurs when the brain is deprived of an adequate oxygen supply -- confirms its neuroprotective effects on the brain.

AAAS Marion Milligan Mason Awards kick-start research for early-career women scientists
Four early-career women scientists received $50,000 grants to kick-start to their academic research careers 15 October in an awards ceremony at the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

John J. Ohala named recipient of the Silver Medal in Speech Communication
John J. Ohala, Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America's Silver Medal in Speech Communication for advancing the understanding of speech production and perception, and applying phonetic principles to the study of spoken language change over time.

New genome reveals higher Eurasian migration into ancient Africa
Researchers who uncovered a male skeleton in an Ethiopian cave have reported one of the first successful cases of sequencing the full genome of an ancient African, and their results make it clear that current African populations harbor significantly more Eurasian ancestry than previously thought, reshaping the way we interpret human history.

Evidence for functional redundancy in nature
One of biology's long-standing puzzles is how so many similar species can co-exist in nature.

NYU physicist Gershow receives NSF CAREER award
Marc Gershow, an assistant professor in NYU's Department of Physics, has received a National Science Foundation CAREER award, which will support research aimed at gaining new insights into the sense of smell.

LA BioMed receives $10,000 grant for the Catalina Island Clinic
LA BioMed recently received a $10,000 grant to support the Catalina Island Clinic that provides preventive and reproductive health care and family planning services for uninsured, low-income Catalina Island residents.

New NIH breast cancer research to focus on prevention
A new phase of the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program (BCERP), focused on prevention, is being launched at the National Institutes of Health.

FIGO calls for treatment developed at Wayne State to fight worldwide preterm birth
Recommendations to reduce the rates of preterm birth developed at the Wayne State University School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health's Perinatology Research Branch were introduced as worldwide best practices in maternal-fetal health Thursday during the World Congress of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Vancouver.

Don't look at me like that or I'll swerve
A face with an emotionally charged expression, especially if the emotion is anger, can influence the course of our actions, according to a study by the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste published in Cognitive Neuroscience.

Long-term opioid therapy relieves chronic pain in only 20 percent of women
Women, and especially younger women, are much less likely than men to have good relief of chronic, non-cancer pain with long-term opioid use, with only one in five women reporting low levels of pain and high levels of function with chronic opioid therapy in a new study published in Journal of Women's Health.

'Blind analysis' could reduce bias in social science, biology research
UC Berkeley Nobelist Saul Perlmutter and public policy expert Robert MacCoun of Stanford Law argue that a technique used widely in particle physics and cosmology could help other disciplines reduce unintended bias in research.

Living in fear: Mental disorders as risk factors for chronic pain in teenagers
One in four young people have experienced chronic pain and a mental disorder.

Epigenetic algorithm accurately predicts male sexual orientation
An algorithm using epigenetic information from just nine regions of the human genome can predict the sexual orientation of males with up to 70 percent accuracy, according to research presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore.

MPFI and FIAS awarded $1.4 million grant to study brain activity
The Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies were awarded more than $1.4 million to support research regarding spontaneous brain activity in early development.

Opposites don't attract when learning how to use a prosthesis
New research suggests that upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them.

Urban runoff killing coho salmon, but simple solution within reach
Toxic runoff from highways, parking lots and other developed surfaces is killing many of the adult coho salmon in urban streams along the West Coast, according to a new study that for the first time documents the fatal connection between urban stormwater and salmon survival.

Why elephants rarely get cancer
A study led by the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah could explain why elephants rarely get cancer.

Menopause diminishes impact of good cholesterol
What has previously been known as good cholesterol -- high density lipoprotein -- has now been shown to be not so good in protecting women against atherosclerosis while they are transitioning through menopause.

Unexpected connections: Calcium refill mechanisms in nerve cells affects gene expression
SOCE (Store Operated Calcium Entry) is a process by which Calcium ions slowly enter cells to refill depleted calcium stores.

125-million-year-old wing sheds new light on the evolution of flight
Some of the most ancient birds were capable of performing aerodynamic feats in a manner similar to many living birds, according to a new study of the fossil wing of a primitive bird, led by a Ph.D. student at the University of Bristol.

Frequent school moves hurt low-income childrens' math scores
Low-income students who change schools frequently are at risk for lower math scores and have a harder time managing their behavior and attention in the classroom than similar students who stay in the same school, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

D&R: A new adipogenic cocktail that produces functional adipocytes from MSCs
Multipotent mesechymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been recognized as a source of adipocytes both in vivo and in vitro.

Study: Fracking industry wells associated with premature birth
Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

College labor market still in high gear
The job market for college graduates is poised for a third straight year of explosive growth, as companies in most industries seek new talent, according to the largest annual survey of US employers.

Molecular characteristics of mammalian melanopsins for non-visual photoreception
Researchers at Institute for Molecular Sciences reported that a mammalian photoreceptive protein melanopsin spontaneously releases the chromophore retinal.

Quantifying the impact of climate on ecosystems worldwide
Record-breaking temperatures and droughts are directly affecting ecosystems worldwide, an international research team led by UCLA life scientists reports in the journal Global Change Biology.

A convergence of deadly signals
A team of Ludwig Cancer Research scientists has mapped out how a mutant version of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) known as EGFRvIII specifically drives critical processes that alter the reading of the genome to fuel the growth of the brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme and -- most important -- how each process is linked to the other.

Gut microorganisms cause gluten-induced pathology in mouse model of celiac disease
Investigators interested in celiac disease have wondered why only 2 to 5 percent of genetically susceptible individuals develop the disease.

Popular crime shows may help reduce sexual assault
A new study reveals viewers of 'Law and Order' have a better grasp of sexual consent than viewers of other crime dramas such as 'CSI' or 'NCIS,' suggesting that individuals who watch programs in which sexual predators are punished may avoid sexual predatory behavior in real life.

Wyss Institute launches Opsonix to commercialize its pathogen-extracting sepsis therapy
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has unveiled the launch of its startup company Opsonix Inc.

New type of bed material turbo charges combined heat and power plants
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered that a certain bed material improves the combustion efficiency of waste and biomass while decreasing operating and maintenance costs significantly.

Study ties restless legs syndrome to heart, kidney problems
A database study of Veterans found that those with restless legs syndrome are at higher risk for stroke, heart and kidney disease, and earlier death.

Shhh...to make ocean conservation work we should keep the noise down
Quiet areas should be sectioned off in the oceans to give us a better picture of the impact human generated noise is having on marine animals, according to a new study published in Marine Pollution Bulletin.

EpiPens save lives but can cut like a knife
Epinephrine autoinjectors can be life-saving for patients experiencing anaphylaxis -- a life-threatening emergency -- but a new case series published online Tuesday in Annals of Emergency Medicine identifies design features of EpiPens, the most commonly used autoinjector, that appear to be contributing to injuries in children ('Lacerations and Embedded Needles Caused by Epinephrine Autoinjector Use in Children').

MIT Portugal Ph.D. candidate is awarded a Fulbright to study energy efficiency
Buildings are the largest energy consumers worldwide, so this sector offers the most promising energy investment/savings potential.

Tropical ants in Europe
Comparisons of fossil and modern ant databases show where biodiversity changed and where it stayed the same.

How small is the smallest? New record of the tiniest free-living insect provides precision
The long-lasting search and debate around the size and identity of the World's smallest free-living insect seems to have now ended with the precise measurement and second record of the featherwing beetle species.

Certain blood markers may indicate early signs of kidney disease
Six metabolites in the blood had strong correlations with kidney function.

Risks and benefits of hysterectomy with electric power morcellation vary with age
Laparascopic hysterectomies are less invasive than abdominal ones, with fewer perioperative morbidities and faster recovery, but, in some cases, the uterus cannot be removed without prior morcellation (the cutting of the organ into small pieces).

John L. Butler named recipient of the ASA Silver Medal in Engineering Acoustics
John L. Butler, Chief Scientist at Image Acoustics, Inc., Cohasset, MA, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America's Silver Medal in Engineering Acoustics for advancing the field of acoustic transducer and transducer array design.

Learning from the MDGs: Improved sanitation and drainage in cities
World leaders have agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but arguably Goal six -- the water and sanitation goal -- will have the hardest job building on the work undertaken by the previous Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

UT Arlington, UW partner to design bioengineered REHEAL Glove to heal extremity trauma
UT Arlington and University of Washington researchers are developing a healing glove that delivers needed medicine to an injured hand and speeds up healing so that rehabilitation can start sooner.

Machines have nothing on mum when it comes to listening
More than 99 percent of the time, two words are enough for people with normal hearing to distinguish the voice of a close friend or relative amongst other voices, says the University of Montreal's Julien Plante-Hébert.

Math app adds up for families anxious about math
Math is a notoriously tricky subject, but a new study providing elementary school children with a math-based app at home significantly improved their performance within a matter of months.

Key studies from Nottingham central to major flu drug report
Flu experts from The University of Nottingham are key contributors to a new landmark report, out today, which reveals that anti-viral drugs called NAIs (like Tamiflu) have been successful in reducing deaths in flu patients in hospital.

Kazan researchers compare direct gene vs blood cell-mediated therapy of spinal cord injury
Compared with direct gene injection, cell-mediated GDNF gene delivery led to considerably more pronounced preservation of myelinated fibers in the remote segments of the spinal cord (5 vs 3 mm from the epicenter), and this might depend on the expansion of the therapeutic influence in cell-mediated therapy over long distances as a result of the migration of the transplanted cells.

NASA sees a speedy Extra-Tropical Storm Choi-Wan
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Choi-wan as it moved over cooler waters and was becoming an extra-tropical storm.

High dose chemo & stem cell transplantation results in long-term survival for amyloid patients
Patients with Light-chain amyloidosis who are treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous (one's own) stem cell transplantation (HDM/SCT) have the greatest success for long-term survival.

It's solid: Storing hydrogen in a new form
As part of a tri-lab consortium, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers will develop tools and understanding necessary for designing new solid-state materials for storing hydrogen gas.

Researchers discover new information on the spread of cancer
A new study from the University of Turku, Finland, shows that intracellular receptor signalling sustains cancer cells that have detached from the surrounding tissue.

Emergency department CT scans can change physicians' diagnoses and management decisions
A study from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Institute for Technology assessment finds that, after viewing CT scan results, physicians in the emergency departments of four major academic medical centers made key changes in clinical decision-making for patients with symptoms frequently seen in emergency rooms.

In the sex lives of male worms in the lab, 1 gene makes a big difference
For tiny nematode worms of the species Caenorhabditis elegans -- males are rare and all but irrelevant in nature.

Dying at home leads to more peace and less grief, but requires wider support
Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

Knit it, braid it, turn it on and use it!
Researchers are using traditional kitting and braiding fabrication techniques to produce electrically conducting, wearable fabrics capable of sensing a wide range of human movement.

Breakthrough for electrode implants in the brain
For nearly nine years, researchers at Lund University have been working on developing implantable electrodes that can capture signals from single neurons in the brain over a long period of time -- without causing brain tissue damage.

Adult high blood pressure risk identifiable in childhood
Groups of people at risk of having high blood pressure and other related health issues by age 38 can be identified in childhood, new research from New Zealand's University of Otago suggests.

New way to watch plant-cell walls assemble
Scientists, including Carnegie's David Ehrhardt and Heather Cartwright, have exploited a way to watch protein trafficking making cellulose in the formation of plant cell walls in real time.

One in 8 children at risk for measles, analysis shows
Gaps in measles vaccination rates place one in eight children at risk for becoming sick from the highly contagious illness, according to an analysis of national vaccination coverage being presented at IDWeek 2015™.

Bio-inspired robotic finger looks, feels and works like the real thing
Most robotic parts used today are rigid, have a limited range of motion and don't really look lifelike.

Mysterious disease may be tied to climate change, says CU Anschutz researcher
A mysterious kidney disease that has killed over 20,000 people in Central America, most of them sugar cane workers, may be caused by chronic, severe dehydration linked to global climate change, according to a new study by Richard J.

Research reveals new clues about how humans become tool users
New research from the University of Georgia department of psychology gives researchers a unique glimpse at how humans develop an ability to use tools in childhood while nonhuman primates -- such as capuchin monkeys and chimpanzees -- remain only occasional tool users.

Presenting options to patients: Menu approach good for patients and physicians
Presenting and discussing a menu of treatment options is good for both the patient and the physician according to Regenstrief Institute and VA Center for Health Communication and Information investigator Kurt Kroenke, M.D., writing in a recent JAMA Internal Medicine commentary.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation honors outstanding achievements
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation will honor nine scientists with its 2015 Outstanding Achievement Prizes for their work in schizophrenia, mood disorders, child and adolescent psychiatry, and cognitive neuroscience.

New protein cleanup factors found to control bacterial growth
Biochemists have long known that crucial cell processes depend on a highly regulated cleanup system known as proteolysis, where specialized proteins called proteases degrade damaged or no-longer-needed proteins.

Study sheds light on protecting transgender individuals from suicide
The likelihood of a transgender person attempting suicide is very high, often because of the prejudice, transphobia and other stressors.

Room temperature magnetic skyrmions, a new type of digital memory?
An exotic, swirling object with the sci-fi name of a 'magnetic skyrmion' could be the future of nanoelectronics and memory storage.

Thousands of older adults and persons with disabilities transitioning home
The State of Connecticut's Department of Social Services, with its state evaluator UConn's Center on Aging, successfully transitioned more than 2,200 older and disabled Connecticut residents from nursing homes and other institutions to their own home or a community setting between 2008 and 2014, as part of the federal 'Money Follows the Person Rebalancing Demonstration.'

Future Oncology 10th anniversary SFI celebrates the past, present and future in cancer
Future Oncology is celebrating its tenth anniversary by publishing a Special Focus issue documenting the past, present and future of several cancers.

University of Manchester-led research shows treatment for bleeding disorder is effective
Researchers in Manchester have demonstrated for the first time the relative safety and effectiveness of treatment, eltrombopag, in children with persistent or chronic immune thrombocytopenia, as part of an international duo of studies.

Breakthrough drug approval signals great advances in lung cancer treatment
The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer says the move by the US Food and Drug Administration to grant accelerated approval for a cutting-edge lung cancer treatment is a positive step forward that may help many patients improve their survival.

Caution: Shrinks when warm
Most materials swell when warm, and shrink when cool. But some weird materials do the opposite.

A multilaminar model explains the structure of chromosomal aberrations in cancer cells
The organization of DNA packaged in chromosomes during cell division has been very difficult to study experimentally.

Renewables and consumer choices key to sustainable energy use in EU's food sector
A report analysing the use of energy in the EU food industry finds that the share of renewable remains relatively small (7 percent) when compared to its part in the overall energy mix (15 percent).

Genetic variation is key to fighting viruses
Using a genome-wide association study, EPFL scientists have identified subtle genetic changes that can cause substantial differences to how we fight viral infections.

Helmeted bicycle riders have significantly reduced severity of injury after an accident
Helmeted bicycle riders have a 58 percent reduced odds of severe traumatic brain injury after an accident compared to their non-helmeted counterparts, according to researchers from the University of Arizona, Tucson.

SAGE acquires 10 journals from Manchester University Press
SAGE, one of the world's leading independent and academic publishers today announced an agreement made with Manchester University Press to transfer 10 of their journals to SAGE.

Aged neurons can now be generated using stem cell technology
Diseases of human aging have always been difficult to study in the lab.

US and Canada partner to invest $21 million for research hubs in developing countries
The National Institutes of Health and other US and Canadian partners are investing $20.9 million dollars over five years to establish seven regional research and training centers in low- and middle-income countries.

Role of breast cell infection in flu transmission between mothers and breast-feeding ferrets
Influenza is known as an infectious respiratory disease, but a study published on Oct.

When should pediatric residents consult supervisors on issues that come up after hours?
While resident physicians responsible for the care of hospital patients are always able to call a supervising senior physician for advice on handling situations that may come up, which situations require immediate consultation and which can wait until the next day can sometimes be unclear.

University of Houston spin-off company hits commercial milestone
A company formed to commercialize graphene research conducted at the University of Houston's Center for Advanced Materials has been listed on the Chinese stock exchange, an important step in the company's capitalization and growth.

Examining contemporary occupational carcinogen exposure, bladder cancer
Despite manufacturing and legislative changes to improve workplace hygiene, the risk of occupational bladder cancer appears to be on the rise in some industries, although the profile of at-risk occupations has changed over time, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

BMC receives award to study impact of diabetes self-management education
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) has awarded a $783,906 grant to Suzanne Mitchell, M.D., a family physician at Boston Medical Center (BMC), to study health outcomes of minority women with type 2 diabetes who participate in group medical visits to help them manage their diabetes.

The law of the landscape for glaciers?
Fast glaciers are much more effective at gouging landscapes than slow-moving ones, a new study finds.

The father effect
Inheritance is not just a matter of DNA. That's what a McGill University-led team has discovered.

Sex change hormonal treatments alter brain chemistry
Hormonal treatments administered as part of the procedures for sex reassignment have well-known and well-documented effects on the secondary sexual characteristics of the adult body, shifting a recipient's physical appearance to that of the opposite sex.

Researchers build a digital piece of brain
If you want to learn how something works, one strategy is to take it apart and put it back together again.

LA BioMed researcher to be recognized for his contributions
Dr. Ronald Oudiz, an LA BioMed researcher, will receive the Legacy Award for his contributions to the field of pulmonary hypertension.

Smoking and heavy alcohol use are associated with epigenetic signs of aging
Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore.

NOAA declares third ever global coral bleaching event
As record ocean temperatures cause widespread coral bleaching across Hawaii, NOAA scientists confirm the same stressful conditions are expanding to the Caribbean and may last into the new year, prompting the declaration of the third global coral bleaching event ever on record.

A quantum simulator of impossible physics
The research group Quantum Technologies for Information Science of the UPV/EHU, led by the Ikerbasque professor Enrique Solano, in collaboration with an experimental group of the University of Tsinghua (Beijing, China) led by professor Kihwan Kim, has created a quantum simulator that is capable of creating unphysical phenomena in the atomic world, in other words, impossible physical phenomena.

NIST, UC Davis scientists float new approach to creating computer memory
A research team has created the exotic ring-shaped magnetic effects called skyrmions under ambient room conditions for the first time.

Roy Patterson named recipient of Silver Medal in Psychological & Physiological Acoustics
Roy D. Patterson, Emeritus Professor at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, has been named recipient of the Acoustical Society of America's Silver Medal in Psychological and Physiological Acoustics The award will be presented at the 170th meeting of the ASA on 4 November 2015 in Jacksonville, Florida.

Salmonella unmasked as major killer of young children in Africa
Invasive Salmonella infections in sub-Saharan Africa are a major cause of child illness and deaths, a new body of research into this usually overlooked infectious disease has revealed.
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