Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 09, 2015
3-D image of cancer protein aids quest for new treatments
Scientists at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute have created the first three-dimensional image of a key protein known to be involved in the development of blood and other cancers.

New tool expands tracking of personal data on the Web
A team of Columbia researchers has developed a second-generation tool called 'Sunlight' that matches user-tailored ads and recommendations to tidbits of information supplied by users at a greater scale and level of accuracy than its predecessor, XRay.

Exercise and stop smoking to improve depression after heart attack
Exercise and stop smoking to improve depression after a heart attack, the European Society of Cardiology urged today on World Mental Health Day.

UV light robots cut c. diff transmissions by 25 percent on cancer patient floors
New research from Penn Medicine infection control specialists found that ultraviolet robots helped reduce the rates transmission of the common bacterial infection known as Clostridium difficile among cancer inpatients -- mostly blood cancer patients, a group more vulnerable to hospital-acquired infections -- by 25 percent.

Scientists pave way for diamonds to trace early cancers
Physicists from the University of Sydney, Australia, have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumours before they become life threatening.

Solving the internet's identity crisis
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are developing new tools to help ISPs verify the true owner of a network and legitimate traffic paths in a multi-year project funded by the National Science Foundation, called 'Resource Public Key Infrastructure.'

Antiviral compound provides full protection from Ebola virus in nonhuman primates
Rhesus monkeys were completely protected from the deadly Ebola virus when treated three days after infection with a compound that blocks the virus's ability to replicate.

Geothermal energy: Look to the Denver-Julesberg Basin
To offset the need for fuel imports, to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, and to increase US energy independence, geothermal energy has emerged as an important part of the US energy portfolio.

Floppy but fast
Until now, it was unknown how protein traffic into and out of a cell's nucleus can be so fast and yet precise enough to prevent the passage of unwanted molecules.

Geneticists reconstruct population history of New York City
By combining genetic data, ancestry information, and electronic health records, scientists are able to identify neighborhood-level patterns of migration in the New York City area, according to research presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore.

Novel compound turns off mutant cancer gene in animals with leukemia
A compound discovered and developed by a team of Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers that halts cancer in animals with Ewing sarcoma and prostate cancer appears to work against some forms of leukemia, too.

Pressure to 'publish or perish' may discourage innovative research, UCLA study suggests
The traditional pressure in academia for faculty to 'publish or perish' advances knowledge in established areas.

Scientists paint quantum electronics with beams of light
A team of scientists from the University of Chicago and the Pennsylvania State University have accidentally discovered a new way of using light to draw and erase quantum-mechanical circuits in a unique class of materials called topological insulators.

Could 'The Day After Tomorrow' happen?
A researcher from the University of Southampton has produced a scientific study of the climate scenario featured in the disaster movie 'The Day After Tomorrow'.

Paleoclimate researchers find connection between carbon cycles, climate trends
Making predictions about climate variability often means looking to the past to find trends.

Antibiotic stewardship reduces C. diff in hospitalized children
Hospitalized children were three times less likely to become sick with Clostridium difficile (C. diff), a serious bacterial infection that can occur after prolonged antibiotic use, following implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program, a new study found.

Adoption of streamlined breast cancer treatment has stagnated, study finds
It was hoped that the development of accelerated partial breast irradiation would increase the number of early-stage breast cancer patients getting radiation treatment.

Single atom alloy platinum-copper catalysts cut costs, boost green technology
A new generation of platinum-copper catalysts requiring very low concentrations of platinum in the form of individual atoms to cleanly and cheaply perform important chemical reactions is reported.

Jaguar Land Rover and EPSRC announce £11 million autonomous vehicle research program
How can cars become fully independent of human direction? What is the best technology to incorporate into new vehicles and infrastructure?

Pain is in the brain
A new study at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -- The Neuro, at McGill University and the MUHC, might finally provide a new direction for research seeking to help patients suffering from neuropathic pain.

Magnet hospitals better patient experiences may positively enhance reimbursement
A new study shows that Magnet hospitals nationally accredited for nursing excellence have higher patient ratings of care than other hospitals.

Blood clotting protein triggers immune attack on the brain
A new study from the Gladstone Institutes shows that a single drop of blood in the brain is sufficient to activate an autoimmune response akin to multiple sclerosis.

A cure for vitamin B6 deficiency
Plant scientists engineered the cassava plant to produce higher levels of vitamin B6 in its storage roots and leaves.

For Smart and Healthy Society -- common challenges in research and education by Japan and EU collaboration
Every year Kobe University Brussels European Centre holds a symposium aiming to introduce the latest research results and applications in natural and social sciences from Japanese universities and partner institutions in Europe.

Sea turtles face plastic pollution peril
A new global review led by the University of Exeter that set out to investigate the hazards of marine plastic pollution has warned that all seven species of marine turtles can ingest or become entangled in the discarded debris that currently litters the oceans.

Researchers use gut bacteria composition to genetically classify colorectal tumors
By analyzing the types of gut bacteria present around colorectal tumors, researchers have found a way to predict key genetic mutations in the tumors themselves, a method that could eventually inform the development of colorectal cancer diagnostics and therapeutics.

Media can register now for Advanced Breast Cancer Third International Consensus Conference
The International Consensus Conference for Advanced Breast Cancer has established itself as a major international conference.

North Carolina researchers awarded $5.3 million to develop novel gut-on-a-chip technology
'Organs-on-a-chip' have become vital for biomedical research, as researchers seek alternatives to animal models for drug discovery and testing.

Field widens for environments, microbes that produce toxic form of mercury
Thawing permafrost and contaminated sediment in marine coastal areas pose some of the greatest risks for the production of highly toxic methylmercury.

Vaccines: Don't leave home without them
While Americans should be fully vaccinated before travelling internationally to avoid infection with highly contagious diseases such as measles and hepatitis A, many are not, suggest two studies being presented at IDWeek 2015™.

Satellite spots new depression exactly between Baja California and Hawaii
It's a rare thing when a tropical depression develops the same exact distance between two landforms, and newborn Tropical Depression 18E has done that in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

NASA sees remnants of Typhoon Choi-wan over southeastern Russia
An infrared NASA satellite image revealed that the remnants of Ex-Typhoon Choi-wan continued to generate rainy and windy weather over southeastern Russia on Oct.

$4.15 million grant explores how diet and sunscreen may increase breast cancer risk
Two Michigan State University researchers have been awarded a five-year, $4.15 million grant to examine how a high-fat diet interacts with a common chemical found in sunscreen and what effect it has on breast cancer risk.

New paper explores America's obession with Steve Jobs
The new movie about Steve Jobs is expected to draw huge crowds eager to see yet another romanticized story about a well known business celebrity.

Is the eco-tourism boom putting wildlife in a new kind of danger?
Many tourists today are drawn to the idea of vacationing in far-flung places around the globe where their dollars can make a positive impact on local people and local wildlife.

Registry data used to examine cardiac rehab participation, remote monitoring
The American College of Cardiology's National Cardiovascular Data Registry was the source of data for research published in the second half of 2015, including studies that examine cardiac rehabilitation rates and participation, remote monitoring and prevention of heart attack.

Former Hurricane Oho's remnants affecting western Canada, Washington state
NASA's Aqua satellite and NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw the remnants of former Hurricane Oho moving toward British Columbia, Canada and western Washington State.

Antioxidants cause malignant melanoma to metastasize faster
Fresh research at Sahlgrenska Academy has found that antioxidants can double the rate of melanoma metastasis in mice.

Moffitt researchers develop novel theoretical approach to reduce antibiotic resistance
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have developed a novel mathematical method inspired by Darwinian evolution to use current antibiotics to eliminate or reduce the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Researchers develop deep-learning method to predict daily activities
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology School of Interactive Computing and the Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Machines developed a new method that teaches computers to 'see' and understand what humans do in a typical day using 40,000 images taken from an ego-centric camera.

Researchers study costs of integrating genetic sequencing into clinical care
Integrating whole genome sequencing into primary care and heart disease care is unlikely to substantially increase the costs of health care utilization and follow-up tests, according to research presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore.

Teens value results of genetic tests to inform future life decisions
Most teens in grades 7-12 would prefer to know the results of unanticipated findings found in whole exome sequencing genetic testing, even if the findings are not medically actionable until adulthood, according to survey data presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore.

Scripps experts present at 2015 TCT scientific symposium
From new methods for preventing stroke, to non-surgical treatment of heart valve defects and learning from complicated cases, Scripps Health cardiology experts will share leading edge techniques for improving heart care during the 27th Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

HIV discovery -- biomarkers predict virus return when treatment is stopped
Scientists are now better able to predict how quickly the HIV virus will return after individuals stop treatment following a discovery by researchers at UNSW Australia and the University of Oxford.

Regenstrief tEMR gives medical students rare real world experience in patient care
Based on decades of research and with the goal of transforming medical education to include real world electronic medical record experience, clinician-informaticians from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University School of Medicine have developed the Regenstrief tEMR, short for Regenstrief teaching electronic medical record system.

Tripped up by a bug: Infection may cause falls, especially in older people, study suggests
People who end up in the emergency room because of a fall often are tripped up by an infection, rather than a loose throw rug or poor eyesight, suggests a study being presented at IDWeek 2015™.

Scientists produce shortest electron bunches ever by surfing plasma waves
The shortest electron bunches ever produced have emerged in research by scientists at the University of Strathclyde.

Using optical fiber to generate a two-micron laser
Lasers with a wavelength of two microns could move the boundaries of surgery and molecule detection.

Carbohydrate-binding proteins mitigate parasitic infection in heart tissue
Chagas disease is the main cause of infectious heart disease in Latin America.

Engineers assist Bank of America Chicago Marathon with technology
A Northwestern University and Bank of America Chicago Marathon research team has custom-designed a data visualization system that provides a computer simulation of the race.

New study provides key insights into aspirin's disease-fighting abilities
Researchers at Boyce Thompson Institute have found a new explanation for how aspirin works in the body to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers.

Chance effect of lab's fluorescent lights leads to discovery
An accidental discovery of a 'quantum Etch-a-Sketch' may lead to the next generation of advanced computers and quantum microchips.

Horn of Africa drying ever faster as climate warms
The Horn of Africa has become increasingly arid in sync with the global and regional warming of the last century and at a rate unprecedented in the last 2,000 years, according to new research.

Immune gene prevents Parkinson's disease and dementia
An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease.

Unexpected information about Earth's climate history from Yellow River sediment
By meticulously examining sediments in China's Yellow River, a Swedish-Chinese research group are showing that the history of tectonic and climate evolution on Earth may need to be rewritten.

Nurses could help cut smoking rates in China, according to UCLA-led study
China has a big smoking problem. Three-hundred fifty million smoke and one million a year die from smoking related causes.

Greenland's ice sheet plumbing system revealed
Pioneering new research sheds light on the impact of climate change on subglacial lakes found under the Greenland ice sheet.

Ecotourism can put wild animals at risk, scientists say
Biologists who analyzed more than 100 research studies on how eco-tourism affects wild animals have concluded that the trips generally benefit the tourists much more than the animals -- which may be placed at greater risk of losing their lives.

Controllable protein gates deliver on-demand permeability in artificial nanovesicles
Researchers at the University of Basel have succeeded in building protein gates for artificial nano-vesicles that become transparent only under specific conditions.

A better way to read the genome
UConn genomicists have sequenced the RNA of the most complicated gene known in nature, using a hand-held sequencer no bigger than a cell phone.

Creation of a industrial production platform funded by AFM-Telethon and the SPI fund
AFM-Telethon and the SPI - Sociétés de Projets Industriels equity fund, headed by Bpifrance as part of the Investments Program for the Future, have decided to co-fund the creation of the largest European center for the development and manufacturing of gene and cell therapies, which will reach a planned size of 13.000 square meters in Evry, France in 2019.

Excellence in research to transform health
A new partnership which harnesses world-class expertise will ensure patients benefit sooner from new treatments, diagnostics and prevention strategies.

Threat posed by 'pollen thief' bees uncovered
A new University of Stirling study has uncovered the secrets of 'pollen thief' bees -- which take pollen from flowers but fail to act as effective pollinators -- and the threat they pose to certain plant species.

Researchers gauge heritability of childhood-onset autoimmune diseases
Scientists have calculated more precise measurements of heritability -- the influence of underlying genes -- in nine autoimmune diseases that begin in childhood.
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