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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | October 13, 2015


TAK-733 shows challenge of using a promising drug in the human body
A study recently published online ahead of print in Oncotarget shows, on one hand, strong activity, and on the other hand, challenging pharmacokinetics of new drug TAK-733 against colorectal cancer.
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP spots twenty-fifth tropical depression in Northwestern Pacific
2015 has been an active year for tropical cyclones in the northwestern Pacific Ocean as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spotted the twenty-fifth tropical depression.
Measurements of dinosaur body temperatures shed new light on 150-year debate
Were dinosaurs really fast, aggressive hunters like the ones depicted in the movie 'Jurassic World'?
Quantum coherent-like state observed in a biological protein for the first time
If you take certain atoms and make them almost as cold as they possibly can be, the atoms will fuse into a collective low-energy quantum state called a Bose-Einstein condensate.
NREL seeks to optimize individual comfort in buildings
On a typical early fall morning in Golden, Colo., the temperature outside was about 70 degrees F.
Non-lethal firearm related hospitalizations in USA cost $679 million annually
A retrospective study reveals the cost of inpatient hospitalizations caused by non-lethal firearm-related injuries (FRIs) and gun violence in the USA at $679 million annually.
Enterovirus D68 not associated with higher death rate in children
The enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) respiratory infection that affected young children in 2014 appeared to be more virulent than other respiratory infections, but it does not seem to have been related to an increased risk of death or need for critical care, according to new research published in CMAJ.
Think twice about Android root
In first-of-its-kind study, UC Riverside engineers quantify amount of Android root exploits available in commercial software and show that they can be easily abused
One direction: Researchers grow nanocircuitry with semiconducting graphene nanoribbons
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin at Madison are the first to grow self-directed graphene nanoribbons on the surface of the semiconducting material germanium.
Spring to come 3 weeks earlier to the United States
Scientists have projected that the onset of spring plant growth will shift by a median of three weeks earlier over the next century, as a result of rising global temperatures.
Research shows diversity can improve stores' sales performance
Matching levels of racial diversity between store employees and the surrounding community impacts the store unit's sales performance, according to a new study from the Naveen Jindal School of Management at UT Dallas.
Announcing winners and finalists of the 2015 Blavatnik Regional Awards for Young Scientists
The Blavatnik Family Foundation and the New York Academy of Sciences today announced the three winners and six finalists of the 2015 Blavatnik Regional Awards for Young Scientists.
Climbing plants disturb carbon storage in tropical forests
Scientists have discovered that climbing vines are upsetting the carbon balance of tropical forests by crowding out and killing trees.
New field of application for versatile helper
In Alzheimer's disease proteins clump together to long fibrils causing the death of nerve cells.
New gorgeous coffee tree species from Honduras is critically endangered
An attractive tree with cherry-like fruits belonging to the Coffee family (Rubiaceae) was discovered in the cloud forest in north-western Honduras by an international team of scientists.
Researchers develop tool to identify atherosclerotic plaques at greatest risk for rupture
Researchers have developed and validated a new tool to help identify unstable or high risk atherosclerotic plaques --inflamed fatty deposits in the artery wall and a main contributor to cardiovascular disease.
Berkeley Lab's Yelick lauded for advances in programmability of HPC systems
ACM and IEEE Computer Society have named Katherine Yelick as the recipient of the 2015 ACM/IEEE Computer Society Ken Kennedy Award for innovative research contributions to parallel computing languages that have been used in both the research community and in production environments.
Imaging study demonstrates how the 'social brain' is functionally impaired in autism
A team of UCLA scientists has found that brain areas linked to social behaviors are both underdeveloped and insufficiently networked in youths with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to study participants without ASD.
Rettsyndrome.org supports further clinical trials with Trofinetide
Rettsyndrome.org today announced that the Board of Directors has made a financial commitment, through the Research to Reality Campaign, to continue support for further clinical trials with trofinetide, a drug developed and manufactured by Neuren Pharmaceuticals.
Social-media messages in China censored, new research reveals
In March 2015 a video documentary about air pollution in China, entitled 'Under the Dome,' went viral.
What does it take to escape the water? Plankton have clues
Dolphins and whales may attract a lot of attention when they leap dramatically out of the water.
Destructive disease shows potential as a cancer treatment
Scientists at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver Coastal Health and the BC Cancer Agency have discovered a protein from malaria that could one day help stop cancer in its tracks.
Nonmedical prescription opioid use disorders, deaths increase in the US
From 2003 to 2013, the percentage of nonmedical use of prescription opioids decreased among adults in the U.S., while the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorders, frequency of use, and related deaths increased, according to a study in the Oct.
Drug-resistant E. coli continues to climb in community health settings
Drug-resistant E. coli infections are on the rise in community hospitals, where more than half of US patients receive their health care, according to a new study from Duke Medicine.
Toward clearer, cheaper imaging of ultrafast phenomena
A research team from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, in collaboration with the Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore, have proposed a new technique that may help record better images of such ultrafast phenomena.
Cancer survivors often have poor diets, which can affect their long-term health
While most cancer survivors in the United States are motivated to seek information about food choices and dietary changes to improve their health, a new study comparing their dietary patterns to federal guidelines indicates that they often fall short.
New deposition technique enhances optoelectronic properties of lasers
A simple new electron-beam multilayer deposition technique for creating intracavity contacts -- an important component of gallium nitride-based (III-nitride) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers -- not only yields intriguing optoelectronic properties but also paves the way for others entering this realm of research.
Not so fast
A new book argues fully driverless is not the highest form of auto technology.
Finance: Belief in higher returns from private equity may be misplaced
New research at the Luxembourg School of Finance suggests that investor belief in higher returns by investing in private equity investment funds may be misplaced, calling into question their rising popularity.
Study shows social media content may hold keys to important health information
Language used in everyday social media posts may have a strong connection to an individual's health, according to new research.
New study has important implications for the design of a protective HIV vaccine
A Ph.D. student from Wits University published a study describing how the changing viral swarm in an HIV infected person can drive the generation of antibodies able to neutralize HIV strains from across the world.
Haze particles are hard enough to cause abrasive damage on frequently used industrial alloys
By employing a state-of-the-art in situ micromechanical testing method, for the first time, the mechanical properties of individual haze particles were quantitatively investigated.
Pebbles on Mars likely traveled tens of miles down a riverbed, Penn study finds
A University of Pennsylvania-led team uses a new method to determine that rounded pebbles on Mars traveled roughly 30 miles down an ancient riverbed, providing additional evidence for the idea that Mars once had an extensive river system, conditions that could support life.
Young stars' flickering light reveals remarkable link with matter-eating black holes
An international team of astronomers, including Dr. Simon Vaughan from the University of Leicester's Department of Physics and Astronomy, has discovered a previously unknown link between the way young stars grow and the way black holes and other exotic space objects feed from their surroundings.
Number of addicted rises, but percentage in drug treatment remains stagnant
Despite the quadrupling of heroin overdose deaths over the past decade and a dramatic rise in deaths from prescription painkillers, the percentage of people getting treatment for their opioid abuse and dependence has remained the same, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
Possible new treatment for neurodegenerative diseases found
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have found that a well-established anti-epileptic drug could also be used as a treatment for neurodegenerative diseases.
Poor children will be hit hardest by government welfare cuts, warn experts
Poor children will be hit hardest by government welfare cuts, warn experts writing in The BMJ this week.
Use of e-cigarettes and alternative tobacco products may lead to increased tobacco use
The increasing use of alternative tobacco products, such as water pipes and e-cigarettes, by children under the age of 18 is a burgeoning public health crisis, researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center write in a commentary in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Penn and BU study says obesity doesn't protect patients with cardiovascular disease
Obesity is harmful, not helpful, to someone with cardiovascular disease, according to new research out of the University of Pennsylvania and Boston University.
Study: Bacterium that causes Q fever linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma
The bacterium that causes Q fever, an infectious disease that humans contract from animals, is associated with an increased risk of lymphoma, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology.
Study finds flu vaccine helps reduce hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia
More than half of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia could be prevented by influenza vaccination, according to a study led by investigators at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
MSS Alliance launched to set de facto standard for odor-sensing systems
Six organizations including NIMS, Kyocera, Osaka University, NEC, Sumitomo Seika and NanoWorld jointly launched the MSS Alliance on Sept.
Substance abuse treatment remains low for opioid use disorders
During the decade from 2004 to 2013, use of treatment remained low for individuals with opioid use disorders, according to a study in the Oct.
Intra-uterine surgery for at-risk fetuses
Some anomalies in fetuses must be treated before delivery to prevent infant death or the risk of serious complications.
Chalmers researchers extend the lifetime of atoms using a mirror
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have succeeded in an experiment where they get an artificial atom to survive ten times longer than normal by positioning the atom in front of a mirror.
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP gets an infrared look at Tropical Storm Nora
Tropical Storm Nora's cloud top temperatures appeared to be warming up on infrared imagery from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite.
Four in 10 older adults burdened by demands of health-care system
Nearly four in 10 older adults say that managing their health care needs is difficult for them or their families, that medical appointments or tests get delayed or don't get done, or that all of the requirements of their health care are too much to handle, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
The evolutionary psychology behind the terrorist
Charles Darwin's theories on the evolution of species can also be used to gain an understanding of the development and functioning of the human mind, especially decision-making -- including the psychological factors that lead to violent terrorism.
A particle purely made of nuclear force
For decades, scientists have been looking for glueballs -- particles composed only of nuclear force.
Research sheds new light on the Great Recession
It's no secret that a housing bubble kicked off the financial crisis that began in 2007, rippling through institutions caught holding subprime mortgages.
Tougher guidelines on animal research can help quest for cures, study suggests
A study of animal-based research published over the last 70 years suggests that leading scientists could have done more to ensure impartial outcomes; experts hope that guidelines introduced in 2010 will help to improve chances of discovering effective new medicines for stroke, dementia and other conditions.
Hubble's planetary portrait captures new changes in Jupiter's Great Red Spot
Scientists using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have produced new maps of Jupiter -- the first in a series of annual portraits of the solar system's outer planets.
Researchers discover distant galactic halos
A study of spiral galaxies seen edge-on has revealed that halos of cosmic rays and magnetic fields above and below the galaxies' disks are much more common than previously thought.
New study reveals powerful people rely on their gut 'motor' feelings when making judgments
A new series of studies by academics at Royal Holloway, University of London and at University of London College found that people who have social power are strongly influenced by internal body cues stemming from their motor system when making judgments about preferences of paintings, objects, movements or letter sequences.
A dominant evolutionary theme emerges to better predict clinical outcomes for cancer
In a study published in the early online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, authors Han Chen and Xionglei He have used a new computational approach to show that as tumors evolve, no matter what the tissue or cell type, a dominant theme has emerged.
Helping older drivers: International award for QUT optometry researcher
One of the world's leading experts on visual impairment, aging and driving -- Professor Joanne Wood from QUT, Australia -- has won the 'Nobel Prize' of international optometry, the American Academy of Optometry's 2015 Glenn A.
Relaxation response-based program may reduce participants' future use of health services
A study from the Institute for Technology Assessment and the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine -- both at Massachusetts General Hospital -- finds that individuals participating in a relaxation-response-focused training program used fewer health care services in the year after their participation than in the preceding year.
Anticancer effects of drugs overestimated by as much as 45 percent in animal models
Failure to eliminate bias can skew what we think we know about a drug, waste time and money on trials that prove 'futile' and drive up the price of medications.
NASA sees birth of Tropical Storm Koppu in Northwestern Pacific
Tropical Storm Koppu formed in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean as a depression early on October 13 as NASA's Terra satellite passed over the storm and quickly intensified.
Retail clinics best used as backup to a patient's primary care physician
The American College of Physicians today said that retail health clinics -- now commonly present in drugstores and/or big box retailers -- are best used as a backup alternative to a patient's primary care physician for the diagnosis and treatment of episodic minor illnesses.
Drug-resistant E. coli bacteria increasingly found in community hospitals
The number of infections caused by highly antibiotic-resistant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria is increasing in community hospitals, a setting in which most Americans receive care, according to a new study published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
SwRI-led study finds that a comet's tail may shed light on solar wind heating
We can't see the wind, but we can learn about it by observing things that are being blown about.
Have you got the X Factor? Psychologists find that you may be musical and not even know it
The old adage says practice makes perfect, but a new study from the University of Cambridge has shown that personality also plays a key role in musical ability, even for those who do not play an instrument.
Fast track referral for suspected cancer is saving lives
Use of the urgent referral pathway (often called the two week wait system) by general practices for patients with suspected cancer is saving lives, according to a study in The BMJ this week.
Young drivers don't see dangers of driving tired: QUT study
Drivers are more likely to get behind the wheel drowsy than drunk despite it being just as dangerous, and the worst offenders are those under 30, a QUT study has found.
Methodology could lead to more sustainable manufacturing systems
Engineers have developed a new 'sustainable development methodology' to help address a social and regulatory demand for manufacturing processes that more effectively consider their economic, environmental and social impacts.
What happens when your brain can't tell which way is up?
The Spaceflight Effects on Neurocognitive Performance: Extent, Longevity, and Neural Bases (NeuroMapping) study is examining changes in both brain structure and function and determining how long it takes to recover after returning from space.
On the precision frontier: A new calculation holds promise for new physics
A team of theoretical high-energy physicists in the Fermilab Lattice and MILC Collaborations has published a new high-precision calculation that could significantly advance the indirect search for physics beyond the Standard Model.
Hubble's planetary portrait captures changes in Jupiter's Great Red Spot
Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have produced new maps of Jupiter that show the continuing changes in its famous Great Red Spot.
Greater neighborhood access to fast-food outlets linked to lower bone mass in infants
New research from the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the University of Southampton in the UK indicates that neighborhood exposure to fast-food outlets is potentially linked to poorer bone development in early childhood.
Boosting the brain's waste disposal system
Researchers at Charité -- Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been investigating the extent to which macrophages, a type of phagocytic immune cell, might be used to eliminate the abnormal protein deposits typically found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
UI Cancer Center, Governors State to address cancer disparities in south suburbs
The University of Illinois Cancer Center and Governors State University have received a joint four-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to help both institutions conduct community-based research to reduce cancer-related health disparities in Chicago's south suburbs.
Mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystropy identifies potential new approaches to therapy
Genetic ablation of P2RX7 can improve muscle function and partially correct cognitive impairment and bone loss in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.
Lack of referrals for suspected cancer leads to more deaths
Deaths are higher in cancer patients whose GPs do not regularly send patients through the two-week urgent referral route for suspected cancer.
Letter of intent signed on Korean-German International Research Training Group
The scientific cooperation between Germany and Korea has been taken a further step forward.
University of Houston to lead national Center for Borders, Trade and Immigration
Seeking to strengthen national security, the Department of Homeland Security has named the University of Houston to lead a Center of Excellence focused on borders, trade and immigration research.
Temple doctors find insulin dose not a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality
A NIH-sponsored double-blinded, randomized clinical trial entitled Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes came to a halt after patients receiving more intensive diabetes therapy were found to have a higher mortality rate, compared to the standard therapy.
Obstructive sleep apnea associated with incident heart failure, death in women
Results of research, published in Circulation in October, found that sex-specific differences exist in the relationship between OSA and CV disease and that, in women, sleep apnea was associated with higher blood levels of troponin (hs-TnT), a marker that provides information on early evidence of heart injury.
Feasts and food choices: The culinary habits of the Stonehenge builders
A team of archaeologists at the University of York have revealed new insights into cuisine choices and eating habits at Durrington Walls -- a Late Neolithic monument and settlement site thought to be the residence for the builders of nearby Stonehenge during the 25th century BC.
U researchers create light emitting diodes from food and beverage waste
Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used for a variety of applications and have been a popular, more efficient alternative to fluorescent and incandescent bulbs for the past few decades.
Study finds local government supervisor training can be more efficient
City department supervisors would benefit from training roughly every eight to nine months on conceptual leadership skills, like strategic planning and conflict resolution, according to a study that includes two University of Kansas professors.
Listeria can grow on unrefrigerated caramel apples
Caramel apples punctured with dipping sticks and left unrefrigerated over the course of a couple of weeks may harbor a bacterium called Listeria monocytogenes, according to a study published this week in mBio, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
£3.5 million grant to improve prevention of tuberculosis in South African schoolchildren
The Medical Research Council has awarded a grant of £3.5 million to researchers from Queen Mary University of London and University of Cape Town to carry out a trial to determine whether a weekly vitamin D supplement can prevent tuberculosis in South African primary school children.
Harry Winston Inc. and Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA announce new Fellows
Harry Winston Inc., the international fine jeweler and watchmaker, and the UCLA Children's Discovery and Innovation Institute have named the new recipients of the 2015-2016 Harry Winston Fellowships.
Gene therapy staves off blindness from retinitis pigmentosa in canine model
Gene therapy preserved vision in a study involving dogs with naturally occurring, late-stage retinitis pigmentosa, according to research funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.
New research method identifies stealth attacks on complicated computer systems
Three Virginia Tech computer scientists are unveiling a novel approach to discovering stealth attacks on computers at the annual ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security.
Scientists to discuss global threats from climate change in the Arctic
Three WHRC scientists will urge France's President Hollande and other political leaders to address the threat posed by thawing permafrost in the Arctic at the Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland, on Oct.
Study finds glyphosate and acetamiprid to have relatively low toxicity for honey bees
Researchers from the US Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service and Mississippi State University found the herbicide glyphosate and the neonicotinoid acetamiprid to have low toxicity levels for honey bees under actual field conditions.
Plant hormone 'switch' unravels chromatin to form flowers, penn biologists find
University of Pennsylvania researchers identified a hormone-mediated 'chromatin switch' that directs a plant to form flowers.
NASA sees the short life of Tropical Cyclone 03A
Tropical Cyclone 03A formed in the Arabian Sea, Northern Indian Ocean on Oct.
Public agencies less likely than private firms to comply with environmental regulations
Government entities are less likely to comply with certain federal environmental regulations than are similar entities owned by private companies, according to a new study co-authored by an Indiana University researcher.
Finnish-Japanese technology to support the everyday life of the elderly
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and the Japanese research institute AIST are studying how the adoption of ICT-based applications designed for the elderly will improve care service both at home and in assisted living facilities with the help of, for instance, a robot assistant.
Malaria vaccine provides hope for a general cure for cancer
The hunt for a vaccine against malaria in pregnant women has provided an unexpected side benefit for Danish researchers, namely what appears to be an effective weapon against cancer.
Scientific breakthrough can lead to cheaper and environmentally friendly solar cells
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have found a new way to capture energy from sunlight -- by using molecules that contain iron.
Schizophrenia symptoms linked to features of brain's anatomy?
Using advanced brain imaging, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Scripps Florida scientist wins prestigious Tetrahedron Young Investigator Award
Matthew Disney, a professor on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute, has won the 2016 Tetrahedron Young Investigator Award for Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, a distinction recognizing a scientist who has exhibited 'exceptional creativity and dedication.'
VLA reveals spectacular 'halos' of spiral galaxies
Using the capabilities of the upgraded VLA, astronomers have found the true extent of 'halos' consisting of cosmic rays and magnetic fields surrounding spiral galaxies.
Just a touch of skyrmions
In a study published in Nature Communications, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science have found a way to manipulate skyrmions -- tiny nanometer-sized magnetic vortices found at the surface of magnetic materials -- using mechanical energy.
Lower systolic blood pressure reduces risk of hypertension complication
Lowering systolic blood pressure below the currently recommended target can reduce the risk of left ventricular hypertrophy, the most common complication of high blood pressure, according to new research.
New computer program predicts cochlear implant success in hearing-impaired children
A new computer program that analyzes functional brain MRIs of hearing impaired children can predict whether they will develop effective language skills within two years of cochlear implant surgery, according to a study in the journal Brain and Behavior.
Patients using nurse practitioners are less likely to have avoidable hospital admissions
New research from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston indicates that diabetic patients who got their primary care from nurse practitioners did not have an increase in potentially preventable hospital admissions.
Young women less likely to be prescribed or take post-heart attack meds
Women under the age of 55 are significantly less likely to be taking optimal medication one year after a heart attack.
Noninvasive imaging method looks deeper inside the body to study living brain
Researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle have demonstrated a noninvasive light-based imaging technology enabling study of the living brain and providing a new tool to study how diseases like dementia, Alzheimer's, and brain tumors change brain tissue over time.
With this new universal wireless charger, compatibility won't be an issue
A wireless charger that's compatible with different consumer electronics from different brands is one step closer to becoming a reality thanks to research by electrical engineers at the University of California, San Diego.
Can a 'sense' DNA drug reverse antisense drug to treat blood clots and prevent bleeding?
Researchers from Isis Pharmaceuticals and Prysis Biotechnologies have demonstrated proof-of-concept for using a sense oligonucleotide to undo the effects of an antisense drug, an antithrombotic agent in this novel study.
Straight up, with a twist: New model derives homochirality from basic life requirements
University of Illinois Swanlund Professor of Physics Nigel Goldenfeld, graduate student Farshid Jafarpour, and postdoctoral researcher Tommaso Biancalani have made a breakthrough in one of the most central chemical quirks of life as we know it: homochirality, the uniform 'handedness' of biological molecules.
Safety concerns over new female sterilization device
Women who undergo implant based female sterilization have a significantly heightened risk of reoperation following complications, suggests a large study published in The BMJ this week.
New research maps areas most vulnerable to ocean acidification
New NOAA-led research maps the distribution of aragonite saturation state in both surface and subsurface waters of the global ocean and provides further evidence that ocean acidification is happening on a global scale.
RIT receives 2 cyber-security funding awards
Shanchieh Yang, a faculty-researcher at Rochester Institute of Technology, was recently awarded grant funding from the National Science Foundation and National Security Agency for two cyber security projects.
Fungi at root of plant drugs that can help, or harm, sick monarch butterflies
Previously, biologists discovered that butterflies use plant toxins as a drug to cure their offspring of parasitic infections.
Breast cancer drug beats superbug
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences have found that the breast cancer drug tamoxifen gives white blood cells a boost, better enabling them to respond to, ensnare and kill bacteria in laboratory experiments.
Preclinical study shows potential to increase the effectiveness of leukemia treatments
Preclinical experiments led by a team of researchers at VCU Massey Cancer Center have shown that blocking the production of a protein known as chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 4 may help increase the effectiveness of first-line treatments for acute myeloid leukemia, a particularly lethal blood cancer that is increasing in incidence among older adults.
Tulane researchers working on new tuberculosis vaccine
Researchers at the Tulane National Primate Research Center are leading efforts to find a new vaccine for tuberculosis, one of the world's deadliest diseases.
Belief in climate change not linked to wildfire mitigation actions
People who believe that climate change is increasing the risk of devastating wildfires in Colorado are no more likely to take mitigation actions to protect their property, a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder and the US Forest Service has found.
Benefit of early physical therapy for low-back pain appears modest
Early physical therapy for recent-onset low back pain resulted in statistically significant improvement in disability compared to usual care, but the improvement was modest and did not achieve a difference considered clinically important at the individual patient level, according to a study in the Oct.
A resonator for electrons
Resonators are an important tool in physics. The curved mirrors inside the resonators usually focus light waves that act, for instance, on atoms.
Virally cleansing the pig genome
In effort to enable organ transplants into humans, researchers have used the CRISPR gene editing technique to inactivate all 62 copies of a retrovirus in a pig cell line, a significant step on the road to generating pig organs for possible xenotransplantation.
Building a better liposome
Using computational modeling, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, the Colorado School of Mines and the University of California, Davis have come up with a design for a sturdier liposome.
Kessler study underscores need to assess behavioral sequelae of TBI
Kessler Foundation researchers assessed moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) for frontal behavioral syndromes and cognitive function.
Re-thinking plant and insect diversity
New research by biologists at the University of York shows that plant and insect diversity is more loosely linked than scientists previously believed.
Manuscript at the click of a button
Data collection and analysis are at the core of modern research, and often take months or even years during which researchers remain uncredited for their contribution.
How the brain controls sleep
MIT neuroscientists have discovered a brain circuit that can trigger small regions of the brain to fall asleep or become less alert, while the rest of the brain remains awake.
Cultural blunders make people better thinkers
Psychology researchers find people in predictable cultural situations behave mindlessly, consuming more and buying more.
For one researcher, a love for science is in the blood
Binggang Xiang, Ph.D., focuses on understanding how platelets work and their role in disease.
Armed malaria protein found to kill cancer cells
In models of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and metastatic breast cancer, the Kairos-VAR2 therapeutic demonstrated the ability to prevent tumor growth, regress established tumors, and cure metastatic disease.
In dryland African regions, limiting wildlife water access can reduce water quality
Water-dependent wildlife populations in sensitive African dryland regions need continued access to limited surface water resources -- even as human development increases in these areas -- because restricting access and concentrating wildlife populations along riparian regions can impact water quality and, potentially, human health.
Disparities in breast cancer persist across all subtypes and stages
Minority women were more likely to have aggressive subtypes of breast cancer and were more likely to receive non-guideline concordant treatment when compared with non-Hispanic white women.
Comet Encke: A solar windsock observed by NASA's STEREO
According to new studies of a comet tail observed by NASA's Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory, or STEREO, the vacuum of interplanetary space is filled with turbulence and swirling vortices similar to gusts of wind on Earth.
Four biological kingdoms influence disease transmission in monarch butterflies
Experiments with monarch butterfly caterpillars and the milkweed plants on which they feed have shown for the first time that interactions across four biological kingdoms can influence disease transmission.
In a negative emotional climate, romantic partners may miss attempts to warm things up!
A new University of Illinois study reports that when conflict occurs in romantic relationships, the negative emotional climate that results hinders a person's ability to recognize their partner's attempts to reach out to them.
Animal study suggests treatment that may improve heart function in heart failure
Thyroid hormones administered to female rats with high blood pressure led to encouraging cardiac improvements, according to a study in the American Journal of Physiology led by NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine researcher Martin Gerdes.
Nanobots: The rise of the molecular machines (video)
Nanomachines -- including nano-sized motors, rockets and even cars -- are many orders of magnitude smaller than a human cell, but they have huge promise.
Antiviral favipiravir successfully treats Lassa virus in guinea pigs
Favipiravir, an investigational antiviral drug currently being tested in West Africa as a treatment for Ebola virus disease, effectively treated Lassa virus infection in guinea pigs, according to a new study from NIH scientists and colleagues.
Drop off feared in the number of physicians conducting research
Physician-scientists are responsible for many lifesaving medical discoveries but their ranks could be thinning in coming years.
Inhalant use linked to head injuries, traumatic experiences and mental illness
Incarcerated youth who have suffered head injuries, traumatic experiences and mental illness diagnoses are more likely to abuse multiple inhalants, according to researchers at Georgia State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
New research sees zebrafish earn their stripes in the fight against muscular dystrophy
New research published today in the journal eLife has demonstrated a new method for observing the behavior of the protein Dystrophin in a living animal cell, in real-time.
UF researchers learn how to keep pathogens, pests from traveling with grain
University of Florida researchers say new research can help grain handlers and grain inspectors find key locations for pathogens and pests along rail routes in the United States and Australia.
The Autism Science Foundation launches the Autism Sisters Project
The Autism Science Foundation, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to supporting and funding autism research, today announced the launch of the Autism Sisters Project, a new initiative that will give unaffected sisters of individuals with autism the opportunity to take an active role in accelerating research into the 'Female Protective Effect.'
Sitting for long periods not bad for health
New research from the University of Exeter and University College London has challenged claims that sitting for long periods increases the risk of an early death even if you are otherwise physically active.

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