Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 15, 2015
Racial bias in crosswalks? Study says yes
University of Arizona and Portland State University researchers found that African-American pedestrians waited longer than whites before drivers yielded.

Blood test could match cancer patients to best treatments
Cancer Research UK-funded scientists have developed a blood test that could help pair cancer patients with the most suitable therapy for their disease and then track the tumor's progress to see if the treatment is working, according to research published Thursday in Clinical Cancer Research.

Patients with lower income less likely to participate in clinical trials
Patients newly diagnosed with cancer were less likely to participate in clinical trials if their annual household income was below $50,000, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

The shape of a pipe dramatically affects how pollutants will spread
The shape of a pipe has a large effect on the spreading of particles suspended in the fluid flowing through the pipe.

Africa's future -- can biosciences help?
A new collection of assays launched at the World Food Prize 2015 examines the barriers to the use of bioscience techniques by Sub-Sahara African smallholder farmers and how if overcome this could help meet the challenge of SDG2 to end hunger.

Sexual transmission of Ebola virus in Liberia confirmed using genomic analysis
A suspected case of sexual transmission of Ebola virus disease in Liberia was confirmed using genomic analysis, thanks to in-country laboratory capabilities established by US Army scientists in collaboration with the Liberian Institute for Biomedical Research.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Tropical Storm Champi near northern Marianas Islands
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spotted Tropical Storm Champi dealing with wind shear in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Nepal earthquake special session offered on Nov. 2 at geology conference in Baltimore
The Himalayas: these forbidding peaks in South Asia, which reach more than 29,000 feet and include Mount Everest, mark one of Earth's youngest mountain ranges.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP sees Koppu nearing the Philippines
A large band of thunderstorms extending from the southwestern quadrant of Tropical Storm Koppu was brushing the northeastern Philippines in imagery from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite on October 15.

Researchers propose novel solution to HIV prevention
Enemas are commonly used by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transwomen (TW) before sexual intercourse.

New York Stem Cell Foundation and Cord Blood Registry partner to generate stem cell lines
The New York Stem Cell Foundation and Cbr Systems, Inc.

Developing the tools to find new generation antibiotics
Scientists at the University of York have taken an important step in the search to find new antibiotics that are effective against resistant bacteria.

Exotic berry skin and pulp found to have high antioxidants levels
The exotic Ceylon gooseberry fruit is an attractive purple berry that is produced in the southwest tropics of Brazil and is often used in jams and drinks and also sold as a fresh fruit.

FSU researchers find weight discrimination is linked to increased risk of mortality
Florida State University College of Medicine researchers Angelina R. Sutin and Antonio Terracciano have found that people who report being subjected to weight discrimination also have a greater risk of dying.

Self-esteem among young women undergoing facial plastic surgery in China
A study of young women in China undergoing cosmetic surgery on their eyelids and noses suggests feelings of self-esteem and self-efficacy (confidence in one's abilities) were lower before surgery but increased in the months after surgery, according to an article published by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

New Horizons reveals Pluto's striking surface variations and unique moon rotations
University of Maryland astronomers Silvia Protopapa and Douglas Hamilton are among the authors of the first published paper from the New Horizons flyby, which appears in the Oct.

New synthetic offers a better glimpse into diabetes and the aging process
A synthetic process developed at Yale University will allow researchers to study a key molecule involved in diabetes, inflammation, and human aging.

Our ancestors probably didn't get 8 hours a night, either
A UCLA-led study on present-day hunter-gatherers dispels myths about how humans evolved to sleep.

US neuroscientists call for creation of 'brain observatories'
What is the future of the BRAIN Initiative? This national White House Grand Challenge involving more than 100 laboratories in the United States has already made progress in establishing large-scale neuroscience goals and developing shared tools.

NSF awards $74.5 million to support interdisciplinary cybersecurity research
The National Science Foundation has long supported cybersecurity research to protect the frontiers of cyberspace.

Patterning oxide nanopillars at the atomic scale by phase transformation
The team, led by Professor Yuichi Ikuhara, at Tohoku University's Advanced Institute for Materials Research has carried out a study aimed at precisely controlling phase transformations with high spatial precision, which represents a significant step forward in realizing new functionalities in confined dimensions.

Infection with 2 species of schistosome does not affect treatment efficacy
The parasitic disease schistosomiasis is caused by a trematode flatworm, different species of which can affect either the intestine or the urinary tract.

UTA Professor Kaushik De elected Fellow of the American Physical Society
University of Texas at Arlington physics professor Kaushik De has been elected Fellow of the American Physical Society for his work in developing cloud computing architectures that enabled global collaboration and big data analysis on the ATLAS experiment at CERN.

Video: Cornell researchers create artificial foam heart
Cornell University researchers have developed a new lightweight and stretchable material with the consistency of memory foam that has potential for use in prosthetic body parts, artificial organs and soft robotics.

International experiment tracks underwater avalanches in Monterey Canyon
Underwater avalanches and turbidity currents carry huge amounts of sediment, organic material, and pollutants down submarine canyons and into the deep sea.

Researchers identify a new culprit behind fibrosis
An international team of researchers has identified a new molecule involved in skin fibrosis, a life-threatening disease characterized by the inflammation and hardening of skin tissue.

Towards a favorable systemic radio-immunother target
Survival probability of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) has improved significantly over the past two decades.

Hot stuff: Magnetic domain walls
Scientists from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt have, for the first time, succeeded in measuring the thermoelectric properties of a single magnetic domain wall.

Maryland researchers to begin study of new radiation therapy system to treat breast cancer
After more than a decade of research and development, researchers in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine will begin enrolling patients in the first clinical trial of GammaPod,™ a new high-precision, image-guided radiation therapy system specifically designed to treat early-stage breast cancer.

New study questions long-held theories of climate variability in the North Atlantic
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric-led study challenges the prevailing wisdom by identifying the atmosphere as the driver of a decades-long climate variation known as the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation.

WSU researcher receives $2.6 million to study tobacco carcinogens, metabolism pathways
A Washington State University researcher has received a $2.6 million federal grant to study the body's ability to keep tobacco smoke components from causing cancer.

Stem cell treatment lessens impairments caused by dementia with Lewy bodies
Neural stem cells transplanted into damaged brain sites in mice dramatically improved both motor and cognitive impairments associated with dementia with Lewy bodies, according to University of California, Irvine neurobiologists with the Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center and the Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders.

Mound near lunar south pole formed by unique volcanic process
Within a giant impact basin near the moon's south pole, there sits a large mound of mysterious origin.

First scientific results from flyby of Pluto
The surface of Pluto is marked by plains, troughs and peaks that appear to have been carved out by geological processes that have been active for a very long period and continue to the present, a new study says.

For children with rare genetic disorder, more extensive epilepsy surgery yields better seizure control
Children with the genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) often need epilepsy surgery for severe, uncontrollable seizures.

Artificial 'skin' could provide prosthetics with sensation
Using flexible organic circuits and specialized pressure sensors, researchers have created an artificial 'skin' that can sense the force of static objects.

Gene signature may help predict survival outcomes for some children with rhabdomyosarcoma
Among children with intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma that is negative for a fusion gene, those who had a high score of a specific gene signature called MG5 had poorer survival outcomes compared with those who had a low score of MG5.

Peers and mental health can influence dating violence
A new emergency department study from the University of Michigan Injury Center looks deeper at risk and protective factors among teenagers who report dating violence and alcohol use.

Laser-based imaging tool could increase accuracy, safety of brain tumor surgery
U-M Health System researchers are testing technology that gives brain surgeons real-time microscopic vision of tumors.

Queen's University Belfast research could revolutionize farming in developing world
A brand new technology developed by researchers at Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, has the potential to reduce crop losses across the developing world and boost the incomes of subsistence farmers.

Penn presents favorable one-year clinical outcomes for catheter-based aortic valve replacement with latest generation of device
Today, at the Transcatheter Cardiac Therapeutics conference in San Francisco, Howard C.

Scholars challenge colleges to reform STEM learning
America's colleges and universities need to transform not only how but what they teach in introductory science courses, a group of scholars from Michigan State University argues in Science magazine.

Alcohol and first sexual experience: Risks for young women
If a young woman's first sexual experience involves alcohol, she is more likely to be at risk for problems such as sexual assault, and this risk may persist in her future, new research finds.

Analysis shows greenhouse gas emissions similar for shale, crude oil
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a pair of studies on the efficiency of shale oil production excavation.

NASA's Webb 'Pathfinder Telescope' successfully completes first super-cold optical test
Testing is crucial part of NASA's success on Earth and in space.

Video: 3-D-printed 'soft' robotic tentacle displays new level of agility
Cornell University engineers have developed a method to re-create the arrangement of muscles of an octopus tentacle, using an elastomer and 3-D printer.

New gene discovery linked to heightened risk of bowel cancer recurrence and shorter survival
Scientists have discovered a new gene linked to an increased risk of bowel cancer recurrence and shortened survival, reveals research in the journal Gut.

Natural antioxidants show promise for use in preservation of meat and meat products
In a new review article in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safet, published by the Institute of Food Technologists, authors from authors from Punjab Agricultural University in India looked at numerous studies to identify 27 natural ingredients that can be used as antioxidants in meat and meat products.

Young Latinos experience discrimination when obtaining health care, research shows
Young Latinos living in rural areas say they face discrimination when they obtain health care services -- a factor that could contribute to disparities in their rates for obtaining medical care and in their health outcomes, a new study from Oregon State University has found

Journal Resuscitation publishes updated European Resuscitation Council guidelines
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the publication of the 2015 European Resuscitation Council guidelines, in the latest issue of journal Resuscitation.

MAINZ Graduate School of Excellence awards Visiting Professorships 2015
The Graduate School of Excellence 'Materials Science in Mainz' (MAINZ) has awarded the 2015 MAINZ Visiting Professorships to two European researchers.

Screen of human genome reveals set of genes essential for cellular viability
Using two complementary analytical approaches, scientists at Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have for the first time identified the universe of genes in the human genome essential for the survival and proliferation of human cell lines or cultured human cells.

Excessive alcohol use continues to be drain on American economy
Excessive alcohol use continues to be a drain on the American economy, according to a study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Sendai virus defends against a threat
A research group at Hiroshima University, Japan demonstrated the mechanism by which the Sendai virus (SeV) escapes the host immune system.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Study quantifies threat of rising antibiotic resistance on surgery and chemotherapy
Researchers report the strongest evidence yet that rising antibiotic resistance could have disastrous consequences for patients undergoing surgery or cancer chemotherapy.

Satellite sees wind shear battering Tropical Depression Nora
An infrared satellite image of Tropical Depression Nora taken early on Oct.

How can plants utilize hardly digestible organic phosphorus?
Along with her peer Nyamsuren Chuluuntsetseg and supervised by Professor Margarita Sharipova of the Department of Microbiology and Professor Eugene V.

Students receiving state merit-based scholarships less likely to earn STEM degrees
State merit-based scholarships reduce the likelihood a student will earn a degree in a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) field, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Oklahoma State University.

Suppression of epigenetic brain proteins induces autism-like syndrome
Findings reveal a key role of the BET protein family in the regulation of selected genes that control normal development and function of nerve cells.

Ocean protection gaining momentum, but still lags progress made on land
Extraordinary progress in the past decade has brought 1.6 percent of the world's ocean to a category of 'strongly protected,' researchers say in a new analysis in the journal Science, but the accomplishments are still far behind those that have been achieved on land, and those that are urgently needed.

Border researchers patent new low-cost printer that tracks HIV patients' health
UTEP researchers have patented a low-cost device that can easily monitor the health of HIV patients living in low-resource settings.

COMPASS method points researchers to protein structures
Searching for the precise, complexly folded three-dimensional structure of a protein can be like hacking through a jungle without a map: a long, intensive process with uncertain direction.

2015 Antarctic maximum sea ice extent breaks streak of record highs
The sea ice cover of the Southern Ocean reached its yearly maximum extent on Oct.

New in the Hastings Center Report
These articles are new in the Hastings Center Report.

FDA awards Rutgers-led research team $4.9 million to expand continuous manufacturing for pharma
The US Food and Drug Administration has awarded $4.9 million in grant funding to institutions in a research consortium based at the Rutgers University School of Engineering to support the introduction of continuous manufacturing techniques for pharmaceuticals.

Statins help prevent acute kidney injury through key cellular protein
A protein called Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) in blood vessel cells helps prevent acute kidney injury in mice.

Three months after flyby, New Horizons team publishes first research paper
The New Horizons team described a wide range of findings about the Pluto system in its first research paper, published today.

Buzzing bees can't resist caffeinated nectar
For many people, the best start to the day is a nice, fresh cup of joe.

Nursing scholar inducted into American Academy of Nursing
Amy Vogelsmeier, an associate professor in the University of Missouri Sinclair School of Nursing (SSON), will be inducted as a fellow into the prestigious American Academy of Nursing (AAN) Oct.

IDRI, Sanofi Pasteur team with philanthropy to develop new model for vaccine development
In an effort to accelerate timelines and decrease development costs of life-saving vaccines, the Infectious Disease Research Institute and Sanofi Pasteur today announce the establishment of the Global Health Vaccine Center of Innovation, to be headquartered at IDRI in Seattle.

Shift in weaning age supports hunting-induced extinction of Siberian woolly mammoths
Chemical clues about weaning age embedded in the tusks of juvenile Siberian woolly mammoths suggest that hunting, rather than climate change, was the primary cause of the elephant-like animal's extinction.

Introducing the mighty Panoramix -- defender of genomes!
To protect future generations against genomic havoc, defects in innate defense systems usually result in sterility.

German and US partners join forces in stem cell research to speed development of therapies
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute in California, USA, and two German institutes, the Center for Integrated Psychiatry Kiel and the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME, have announced a partnership to advance the quality control of human stem cells.

Philadelphia area university presidents to host panel discussion on analytics in higher education
How can higher education leverage analytics to improve higher education and enhance outcomes for both students and college and university operations?

Rare variant discovered through deep whole-genome sequencing of 1,070 Japanese people
A research group at Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization has successfully constructed a Japanese population reference panel, from the genome information of 1,070 individuals who had participated in the cohort studies of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project.

Catalyst combining reactivity and selectivity could speed drug development
Chemists have long believed that inserting nitrogen -- a beneficial ingredient for making many pharmaceuticals and other biologically active molecules -- into a carbon-hydrogen bond requires a trade-off between catalyst reactivity and selectivity.

New crystal captures carbon from humid gas
A new material with micropores might be a way to fight climate change.

Watching movies helped improve vision in children with amblyopia
The concept of binocular dysfunction, in which the brain suppresses the image from the weaker eye in favor of the stronger eye, has motivated new approaches to amblyopia treatment.

The CNIO opens up a new avenue for combating the deterioration in blood stem cells
Using mouse embryos, researchers have replicated the deterioration with aging of blood stem cells, particularly red blood cells, and were able to alleviate the fetal anemia suffered by the mouse embryos and prevent death in 40 percent of the cases.

Synthesis of disease-related molecule could accelerate health research
A new way to synthesize a molecule implicated in diseases like diabetes is offering researchers a long sought means to study how reactions with glucose can negatively alter the structure of important proteins of the human body.

Test helps ID patients for home monitoring device for progression of AMD
Use of a qualification test within a retinal practice appeared to be effective in predicting which patients with intermediate age-related macular degeneration would be good candidates to initiate use of a home monitoring device for progression to more severe AMD, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

IU nursing professor receives $2.2 million national award to evaluate end-of-life treatment tool
The National Institute of Nursing Research has awarded $2.2 million to an IU School of Nursing professor at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to evaluate the use in Indiana nursing homes of a new advance-care planning tool created to help ensure that patients' end-of-life treatment preferences are honored.

Waterloo is top research university among comprehensives for eighth straight year
The University of Waterloo is Research University of the Year among Canadian comprehensive universities eight years running, according to rankings that Research Infosource released today.

Where are We Going? Limes Research in Germany and in Israel
A conference to be held by the Department of Ancient Studies of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz on Oct.

Decoding the microbial signature of aggressive form of breast cancer
Researchers have identified, for the first time, an association between two microbial signatures and triple negative breast cancer, the most aggressive form of the disease.

Mutations driving leukemia identified
An international team of scientists from the US, Germany and Austria identified novel genes associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia through the analysis of high-throughput sequencing data.

Yoga in jails helps make better fathers
A Washington State University researcher has found that yoga can help fathers in jail be better dads.

Protected and intact forests lost at an alarming rate around the world
Protected and intact forests have been lost at a rapid rate during the first 12 years of this century.

Cancer-driving signals cause high-risk neuroblastoma
Researchers have discovered details of the abnormal molecular signals and biological events that drive a high-risk form of the childhood cancer neuroblastoma.

OHSU releases Mole Mapper ResearchKit app to track potential skin cancers
Oregon Health & Science University today released an iPhone app designed to advance melanoma research by giving users the ability to accurately measure and monitor moles, and contribute photos of how their potential trouble spots evolve over time.

Scientists identify proteins crucial to loss of hearing
Right now, there is no way to reverse this condition, largely because auditory hair cells, which sense sound and relay that information to the brain, do not regenerate.

The environment of the Cantabrian Region in the course of 35,000 years is reconstructed
By combining three important palaeoclimatic records (small vertebrates, marine microfauna and stable isotopes of herbivores), a multidisciplinary team of the UPV/EHU has reconstructed past environments with the best resolution ever achieved.

Columbia Mailman School of Public Health 1 of 6 new NIH Breast Cancer Research Centers
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and Columbia University Medical Center together are one of six new sites being launched by the National Institutes of Health's Breast Cancer and Environment Research Program.

New technology uses smartphones and paper to analyze samples
Paper sensors that can be analyzed using an Android program on a smartphone could be used to detect pesticides rapidly and cheaply, according to a new study published in Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

Newly identified biomarker may help predict colon cancer progression, personalize therapy
Researchers at Baylor Research Institute have identified a small RNA molecule that appears to enable certain colorectal cancers to become especially aggressive, resistant to treatment and likely to migrate and invade normal tissue.

Tiny plant shows us how living things cope with big changes
A small freshwater plant that has evolved to live in harsh seawater is giving scientists insight into how living things adapt to changes in their environment.

Scientists find potential epilepsy drug
Researchers at Duke University have discovered a potential new class of drugs in mice that may prevent the development of temporal lobe epilepsy, one of the most common and devastating forms of epilepsy.

Soil health and agronomic resiliency symposium planned
Scientists and farmers are creating public-private partnerships that address large scale improvements in agricultural resilience and soil health.

Researchers take first steps to create biodegradable displays for electronics
Americans, on average, replace their mobile phones every 22 months, junking more than 150 million phones a year in the process.

Researchers perform world's first automated mass-crowd count
Computers have scanned aerial photographs and conducted the first automated mass-crowd count in the world, thanks to the work of researchers at the University of Central Florida.

Shining light on orphan receptors
Harald Janovjak reports first use of artificial light-switch to control a natural receptor in Nature Chemical Biology.

Doctors call on hospitals to oppose the overuse of antibiotics in animal agriculture
To help stop the spread of antibiotic resistance, UC San Francisco scientists are urging hospitals around the country to stop buying meat from animals that were given antibiotics for growth promotion.

Rare mutation may extend survival in lung cancer patients with brain metastases
Most patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has metastasized to the brain have a dire prognosis.

Space giant
The University of Iowa hosts a symposium on Oct. 17 to honor space pioneer Don Gurnett and his half-century involvement in space exploration.

When punishment doesn't fit the crime
New research from the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago finds people with traumatic brain injuries -- such as those incurred from violent accidents or combat -- are more prone to misjudge when faced with situations involving dispute or requiring discipline.

New test could help personalize treatment for common childhood cancer
A new gene test can identify which patients are likely to suffer more aggressive forms of the childhood cancer rhabdomyosarcoma, new research reports.

Springer Nature merger to see Palgrave Macmillan titles join Springer eBook collections
Palgrave Macmillan and Springer have decided to align their eBook collections, collating all Palgrave Connect eBooks on SpringerLink and adding thousands more to the Springer Book Archives, as a result of the recent combination of Macmillan Science and Education and Springer Science+Business Media to create Springer Nature.

Climate change requires new conservation models
In a world transformed by climate change and human activity, conserving biodiversity and protecting species will require an interdisciplinary combination of ecological and social research methods.

Affordable camera reveals hidden details invisible to the naked eye
Peering into a grocery store bin, it's hard to tell if a peach or tomato or avocado is starting to go bad underneath its skin.

Mini DNA sequencer tests true
The MinION, a handheld DNA-sequencing device developed by Oxford Nanopore, has been tested and evaluated by an independent, international consortium coordinated by EMBL's European Bioinformatics Institute.

$6.5 million grant may lead to disease-resistant cucurbits
A collaboration between horticulturists and bioinformaticists has received a $6.5 million USDA grant to identify genetic regions useful for breeding disease-resistant melons, squash and pumpkins.

Children with developmental delays -- are we checking their genes for answers?
Few doctors would order genetic testing or refer a child to a genetics specialist as a first step when they see children with developmental delays.

What's behind your thirst?
Scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre and Duke University have made a breakthrough that advances our understanding of how the brain detects and prevents dehydration.

A national network of neurotechnology centers for the BRAIN Initiative
The authors of the original proposal for the Brain Activity Map Project, which inspired the White House's BRAIN Initiative, issued today a position statement in Neuron proposing the creation of a national network of neurotechnology centers.

Research sheds new light on 150-year-old dinosaur temperature debate
Were dinosaurs fast, aggressive hunters like those in the movie 'Jurassic World'?

Sex and sea turtles: New FAU study reveals impact of climate change, sea level rise
Because sea turtles don't have an X or Y chromosome, their sex is defined during development by the incubation environment.

Study reveals why cancer anemia treatment leads to tumor growth
Scientists have shown why a drug widely used to treat chemotherapy-induced anemia in ovarian and breast cancer patients also may shorten survival times in some patients by inadvertently stimulating tumor growth.

Study finds many AFib patients are not properly assessed for stroke and bleeding risks
In a new study in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology, researchers found that primary care physicians were often under- or over-estimating stroke and/or bleeding risk in patients with atrial fibrillation, in part because they failed to utilize guideline-recommended risk scoring approaches in one-half and three-quarters of their patients, respectively.

Green public housing may reduce health risks from environmental pollutants
Low-income housing residents who live in 'green' buildings that are built with eco-friendly materials and energy-efficient features appear to have fewer 'sick building' symptoms than residents of traditionally constructed low-income housing, according to a new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H.

Rise and fall of agrarian states influenced by climate volatility
Climate variability is one of the major forces in the rise and fall of agrarian states in Mexico and Peru, according to a team of researchers looking at both climate and archaeological records.

Nobel Laureate Robert J. Lefkowitz presents research findings in Montreal
Nobel Laureate Dr. Robert J. Lefkowitz presented his latest research towards developing pharmacological applications for G-protein-coupled receptors at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre today.

Is the first commercial gene therapy product within sight?
Highly anticipated phase III clinical trial results of Spark Therapeutics's gene therapy to treat visual impairment are due by year-end and could have profound implications for the broader gene therapy field, leading to the first approved product in the US.

Team describes rapid, sensitive test for HIV mutations
Brown University researchers have developed a method for detecting single nucleotide mutations directly in the RNA of HIV, including mutations that make it resistant to some drugs.

Partnership formed to commercialize technology restoring movement in paralyzed patients
Case Western Reserve University's Institute for Functional Restoration (and Synapse Biomedical Inc. have entered a partnership to commercialize fully implantable systems that restore muscle function in paralyzed patients.

Opportunities for Promoting Understanding through Synthesis program awards $1.5 million in new grant
For the National Science Foundation Division of Environmental Biology, synthesis translates into a larger understanding of everything from the ecosystem of the Amazon, to lakes large and small, to predator-prey relationships, to the secret lives of mosquitoes -- and the diseases they sometimes carry.

Scientists produce clearest-ever images of enzyme that plays key roles in aging, cancer
The telomerase enzyme is known to play a significant role in aging and most cancers.

Artificial whisker reveals source of harbor seal's uncanny prey-sensing ability
Engineers at MIT have fabricated and tested a large-scale model of a harbor seal's whisker, and identified a mechanism that may explain how seals sense their environment and track their prey.

New test to predict relapse of testicular cancers
Scientists have developed a new test to identify patients who are at risk of suffering a relapse from testicular cancer.

Taking dinosaur temperatures with eggshells
Researchers know dinosaurs once ruled the earth, but they know very little about how these animals performed the basic task of balancing their energy intake and output -- how their metabolisms worked.

AGU Fall Meeting: Abstracts and sessions now online; book hotels by Nov. 12
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 48th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 24,000 attendees from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences.

Synthetic biology applications face unclear path to market
A new report from the Synthetic Biology Project explores current government oversight of synthetic biology in the United States by examining the regulatory pathways of different products and applications.

Clearing the space fog
The term 'space fog' refers not to water droplets blocking the view in space, but rather a phenomenon affecting the mental abilities of astronauts.

Scientists develop genetic blueprint of inner ear cell development
Using a sensitive new technology called single-cell RNA-seq on cells from mice, scientists have created the first high-resolution gene expression map of the newborn mouse inner ear.

A sex pheromone assembly line in Manduca sexta
Scientists from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry in Prague and the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena discovered a new evolutionary mechanism: A single amino acid change in a female moth enzyme is responsible for the production of new sex pheromones.

Huawei and Beijing Genomics Institute agreed to boost gene technology efficiency over 30 percent
Huawei Cloud Congress and Beijing Genomics Institute signed a partnership agreement to establish 'Big Data Genome Storage System' with the objectives for better gene technology workflow, co-design and to innovate large data storage system for research work.

High cholesterol linked to heightened risk of tendon abnormalities and pain
High levels of total cholesterol are linked to a heightened risk of tendon abnormalities and pain, reveals a pooled analysis of the available evidence published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Updated Pap smear test guidelines lead to decreased STI screening, study finds
Following the introduction of Cancer Care Ontario's 2012 cervical cancer screening guidelines, female patients were 50 per cent less likely to undergo screening for sexually transmitted infections, a new St.

'Paleo' sleep? Sorry, pre-modern people don't get more Zzzzs than we do
It's tempting to believe that people these days aren't getting enough sleep, living as we do in our well-lit houses with TVs blaring, cell phones buzzing, and a well-used coffee maker in every kitchen.

Tropical Depression 19E slowly organizing in Eastern Pacific
Tropical Depression 19E appeared just a little more organized on infrared satellite imagery on October 15 as it continued moving through the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

New consensus statements target controversial trial results on intracranial pressure monitoring in severe traumatic brain injury
Seven consensus statements developed by 23 international opinion leaders in the acute care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) provide a clear interpretation of clinical trial results that compared intracranial pressure (ICP)-based management to a treatment protocol guided by CT-imaging and examination without ICP monitoring.

Scientists identify climate 'tipping points'
An international team of scientists have identified potential 'tipping points' where abrupt regional climate shifts could occur due to global warming.

Quantum physics meets genetic engineering
Quantum physics meets genetic engineering to produce enhanced energy transport.

Stanford engineers create artificial skin that can send pressure sensation to brain cell
Stanford engineers have created a plastic skin-like material that can detect pressure and deliver a Morse code-like signal directly to a living brain cell.

Zebrafish study sheds new light on human heart defects
Researchers working with zebrafish at New Zealand's University of Otago have published a study providing new insights into the causes of the congenital heart defects associated with a rare developmental disorder.

Duke launches autism research app with global reach
'Autism & Beyond,' a free app developed at Duke, uses an iPhone's self-facing camera to assess a child's emotional state while viewing various stimuli on its display screen.
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