Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 16, 2015
Novel algorithm simulates water evaporation at the nanoscale
The evaporation of water that occurs when it meets a hot surface is understood in continuum theory and in experimentation.

What are these nanostars in 2-D superconductor supposed to mean?
Physicists from France and Russia have discovered magnetic disturbances in two-dimensional layered superconductors, resembling small oscillating stars.

UMass Amherst Computer scientists receive grant to enhance data privacy
The US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency this week named University of Massachusetts Amherst professor of computer science Gerome Miklau to lead a 4.5-year, $2.8 million grant to develop tools and techniques that enable the agency to build data management systems in which

Genomic alterations -- a brave new world for cancer treatment?
A joint initiative of UNICANCER, ESMO and Cancer Research UK, the meeting on Molecular Analysis for Personalised Therapy, to be held in Paris Oct.

Maternal influences
In horse breeding, stallions are usually used to establish a breeding line.

What can we learn from nutrigenomics testing?
There is insufficient scientific evidence to support the utility of commercially available nutrigenomics tests that claim to link genetic variants to dietary intake or nutrition-related disorders.

Huntington's disease protein controls movement of precious cargo inside cells, study finds
We know that the Huntingtin protein is responsible for Huntington's disease.

100 photos that can help prevent sickness, save lives
A series of 100 photos may reduce the risk of Native Americans and Alaska Natives being exposed to or consuming water or food containing harmful cyanobacteria.

Subtropical expedition will help forecast UK weather
To improve long-term understanding of weather and global environmental change, the Royal Research Ship Discovery is leaving Southampton tomorrow for a six-week expedition to the Bahamas.

Is black phosphorus the next big thing in materials?
Berkeley Lab researchers have confirmed that single-crystal black phosphorus nanoribbons display a strong in-plane anisotropy in thermal conductivity, an experimental revelation that should facilitate the future application of this highly promising material to electronic, optoelectronic and thermoelectric devices.

Large solar storms 'dodge' detection systems on Earth
According to observations from the Tihany Magnetic Observatory in Hungary, the indices used by scientists to assess the Sun's geomagnetic perturbations to the Earth are unable to detect some of these events, which could put both power supply and communication networks at risk.

Protein found in malaria could help stop cancer
Researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute joined an international team of scientists in discovering how a protein from malaria could some day help stop cancer.

Scientists find evidence of how incurable cancer develops
Researchers have made a breakthrough in explaining how an incurable type of blood cancer develops from an often symptomless prior blood disorder.

CCNY research boosts optical fiber data speeds
In the latest advance to boost the speed of the Internet, a research team including, the City College of New York, University of Southern California, University of Glasgow, and Corning Incorporated, has demonstrated a way to increase the data speeds of optical fibers -- considered the Internet's backbone.

Scent is the route to the very best fruit
Monkeys and other primates have a better sense of smell than is often claimed.

Scientists demonstrate how to improve ultrathin CIGSe solar cells by nanoparticles
CIGSe solar cells are made of a thin chalcopyrite layer consisting of copper, indium, gallium and selenium and can reach high efficiencies.

Brief interventions in primary care clinics could curb patients' drug use
An embargoed UCLA-led study suggests that a few minutes of counseling in a primary care setting could be an effective tool in steering people away from risky drug use, and possibly full-fledged addiction.

Future coastal climate not cool for redwood forests
In a study published in the research journal Global Change Biology, climate scientists from the University of California, NatureServe and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research conclude that a warmer future with normal rainfall on California's coast will leave coast redwoods south of San Francisco Bay with significantly different climate than they have experienced for decades.

Mobile phone navigation service for older people
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a mobile phone-based navigation service which guides older users to the right address, even when lost in a strange town.

Nicotine gives brain more codeine relief, risk of addiction
According to new research in rat models, nicotine use over time increases the speed that codeine is converted into morphine within the brain, by increasing the amount of a specific enzyme.

Genes involved in schizophrenia and obesity highlighted
Genes involved in schizophrenia and obesity have been highlighted in a new UCL study, which could lead to a better understanding of the DNA variants which affect risk of these conditions and aid the development of improved strategies for prevention and treatment.

Wayne State scientists make advancements that may lead to new treatments for Parkinson's
A research team led by Assia Shisheva, Ph.D., professor of physiology in Wayne State University's School of Medicine, has made breakthrough advancements on a new molecular mechanism that may provide a means to 'melt' pathological clumps known as Lewy bodies in certain areas of the brain.

Nuclear Science Advisory Committee issues plan for US nuclear physics research
The Nuclear Science Advisory Committee, or NSAC, has publicly released 'Reaching for the Horizon, The 2015 Long Range Plan for Nuclear Science.' The new plan was unanimously accepted by NSAC, a committee composed of eminent scientists who have been tasked by DOE and the National Science Foundation to provide recommendations on future research in the field.

Anti-clumping strategy for nanoparticles
Nanoparticles are ubiquitous in industrial applications ranging from drug delivery and biomedical diagnostics to developing hydrophobic surfaces, lubricant additives and enhanced oil recovery solutions in petroleum fields.

Marshall University research team publishes study in prestigious Science Advances
Researchers with the Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine and the Marshall University Institute for Interdisciplinary Research have identified a mechanism for blocking the signal by which the cellular sodium-potassium pump amplifies oxidants (reactive oxygen species).

Investigators create complex kidney structures from human stem cells derived from adults
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have established a highly efficient method for making kidney structures from stem cells that are derived from skin taken from patients.

Nuclear transport problems linked to ALS and FTD
Three teams of scientists supported by the showed that a genetic mutation linked to some forms of ALS and FTD may destroy neurons by disrupting the movement of materials in and out of the cell's nucleus, or command center.

The CNIO discovers a link between a rare form of anemia and cancer
More than 20 percent of people affected by Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a rare disease, develop various types of tumors throughout their lives.

Camels test positive for respiratory virus in Kenya
A new study has found that nearly half of camels in parts of Kenya have been infected by the virus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and calls for further research into the role they might play in the transmission of this emerging disease to humans.

New study to recruit thousands of parkrunners
Medical researchers are looking for thousands of runners and joggers to take part in a large international study to assess whether recreational running puts people at greater risk of developing osteo-arthritis of the knee in later life.

Study questions dates for cataclysms on early moon, Earth
A study of zircons from a gigantic meteorite impact in South Africa, now online in the journal Geology, casts doubt on the methods used to date lunar impacts.

Big data in managing the future health of Singapore
Singapore's population is aging. The allocation of resources is a crucial element to better healthcare infrastructures, patients' care and cost effectiveness.

The end is in sight for reading glasses
A University of Leeds researcher is developing a new eye lens, made from the same material found in smartphone and TV screens, which could restore long-sightedness in older people.

New partnership provides free access to 6 vital neurology journals
Future Science Group has announced that all articles from six of their top neurology journals will now be free to access for members of Neurology Central.

Nanodiamonds might prevent tooth loss after root canals
Nanodiamonds may help patients that have had the dreaded root canal.

Suomi NPP satellite spots formation of second Southern Pacific tropical cyclone
Tropical Storm 02P developed about 300 miles away from Fiji as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of the storm.

Doctors use ultrasound waves to stop hand tremors
In a noninvasive treatment for patients with essential tremor, doctors are burning cells inside the brain using an innovative technology involving MR-guided focused ultrasound.

How plants turn into zombies
Scientists from Jena University shed light on the molecular reasons for a bacterial plant disease: in the latest issue of the science magazine Trends in Plant Science the researchers explain how phytoplasmas destroy the life cycle of plants and inflict a 'zombie' existence on them.

Think again before tapping the install button for that app
Mobile device users are most likely to make security errors when multitasking.

NASA's GPM sees Koppu menacing the Philippines
Tropical storm Koppu was approaching the Philippines when the GPM core observatory satellite passed above on Oct.

The alcohol industry is not meeting its 'Responsibility Deal' labeling pledges
A new study from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, published online in the journal Addiction, has found that the signatories to the Public Health Responsibility Deal alcohol labeling pledge are not fully meeting their pledge.

Satellite sees Tropical Depression 19E still disorganized
Tropical Depression 19E remained disorganized on infrared NOAA's GOES-West satellite imagery on October 16 as it continued moving through the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Safety and security in transit environments
Dr. Andrew Newton is co-editor and author of a new book that has contributions from leading specialists around the world.

Discovery about protein structure opens window on basic life process
Biochemists today announced in Science Advances a fundamental discovery about protein structure that sheds new light on how proteins fold, which is one of the most basic processes of life.

How reward and daytime sleep boost learning
Rewarding learning selectively enhances the consolidation of learned information during sleep.

Temple finds app facilitates early detection and treatment of COPD exacerbation symptoms
A digital health application for reporting symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) facilitated early detection and treatment of COPD exacerbation symptoms, according to an analysis from the Temple Lung Center published by Telemedicine and eHealth.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Tropical Storm Champi affecting Guam
Tropical Storm Champi was over Guam and the Marianas Islands when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of the storm.

New Jersey researchers use neuroimaging to explore reading deficits after left stroke
Researchers at Kessler Foundation and Rutgers University correlated neuroimaging data with reading deficits in patients with subacute left hemispheric stroke.

Nation's pediatricians to rally around children's health issues
An expected 10,000 pediatricians and other health care professionals will gather in the nation's capital Oct.

Automating big-data analysis
MIT researchers aim to take the human element out of big-data analysis, with a new system that not only searches for patterns but designs the feature set, too.

College students say prescription stimulants easy to find on campus
Seven out of 10 college students say it is somewhat or very easy to obtain controlled stimulants without a prescription, according to a new survey conducted on eight US campuses.

Metabolism may keep cancer cells in check
Researchers have found that a long-known tumor suppressor, whose mechanism of holding cell growth in check has remained murky for over 40 years, works in part by keeping the cell's energy metabolism behaving in grown-up fashion.

Johnson announces £21 million for Engineering Grand Challenges research
Seven new research program that aim to tackle some of the UK's major science and engineering challenges were given the green light today by the Universities and Science Minister, Jo Johnson.

Discovery opens door to new strategy for cancer immunotherapy
New research by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists raises the prospect of cancer therapy that works by converting a tumor's best friends in the immune system into its gravest enemies.

UCI-led group suggests ways to better manage urban stormwater runoff
As meteorologists monitor the El Nino condition currently gaining strength in the Pacific Ocean, Californians look with hope to the much-needed rain and snow it could yield.

'The Road to Discovery: A Short History of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory,' just released
For over a century, the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has been influenced by exceptional personalities, outstanding achievements, and dramatic events.
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