Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 19, 2015
QI program reduced use of indwelling urinary catheters in MICU by more than 77 percent
Many hospitalized patients have an indwelling urinary catheter, and previous studies have found up to one-third of IUCs are unneeded.

Antiplatelet therapy with blood thinners reduces mortality for angioplasty patients
Patients with acute coronary syndrome who have undergone angioplasty have a reduced risk of all-cause in-hospital mortality but an increased risk of bleeding when given glycoprotein 2b/3a inhibitors after the procedure, according to a study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Study of pregnancy complications finds refugee women in Ontario have higher rates of HIV
Pregnant refugee women in Ontario have a higher prevalence of HIV than immigrants and Canadian-born women, a new study examining serious pregnancy and delivery complications has found.

More rain leads to fewer trees in the African savanna
Princeton University researchers might have finally provided a solution to the ecological riddle of why tree abundance on Africa's grassy savannas diminishes in response to heavy rainfall despite scientists' expectations to the contrary.

Smart car cyberattack warning: QUT research finds flaws in security systems
How Australia acts today will determine the security and safety of driverless cars, autonomous vehicles and intelligent transport systems in the future, with Queensland University of Technology academics warning there is a risk of in-vehicle cyber attack without appropriate safeguards.

Social media usage at critical care conferences helps broaden reach
Social media is a tool that groups have adopted to help educate, market, and promote causes or topics to a broad audience.

Boosting levels of a key growth factor may help prevent cardiovascular disease
New research indicates that low levels of a growth factor called stem cell factor (SCF) -- which is thought to be important for blood vessel repair -- are linked with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Burnout and depression: Two entities or one? CCNY provides answer
Burnout and depression overlap considerably, according to the latest study on the subject led by psychology Professor Irvin S.

Cyclic healing removes defects in metals while maintaining strength
An international team of researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, Xi'an Jiaotong University in China, MIT and Johns Hopkins University has developed a new technique called cyclic healing that uses repetitive, gentle stretching to eliminate pre-existing defects in metal crystals.

No increased dementia risk found in diagnosed celiac patients
A new study finds celiac patients are at no increased risk for dementia before or after their diagnosis of celiac disease.

Don't smile for the camera when sleepy: CARRS-Q study
Drowsy drivers who filmed themselves behind the wheel may have unknowingly given road safety researchers the answer to reducing sleepy driving.

Larger protected areas in the tropics and sub-tropics face higher risk of downgrading
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore, Wildlife Conservation Society, and Conservation International, found that larger protected areas, especially those in high population density regions, are more likely to undergo a downgrading, downsizing and degazettement event.

New graphene based inks for high-speed manufacturing of printed electronics
A low-cost, high-speed method for printing electronics using graphene and other conductive materials could open up a wide range of commercial applications.

Images of pleasure and winning have unique distracting power
Images related to pleasure or winning attract attention from demanding tasks, while equally intense but negative images and those associated with losing can be fully ignored, finds a new UCL study.

Three UC San Diego researchers elected to National Academy of Medicine
The National Academy of Medicine (NAM) announced today the election of three new members from University of California, San Diego School of Medicine: Napoleone Ferrara, M.D.; Christopher K.

NASA sees Koppu moving across the Philippines
NASA's Terra satellite and RapidScat gathered data on Typhoon Koppu before and after it made landfall in the northern Philippines.

Baylor researchers project long-term effects of climate change, deforestation on Himalayan mountain basins
As part of an multi-disciplinary study, a team of Baylor researchers found that climatic changes, an increase in agricultural land use and population growth in the Himalaya Mountain basins could have negative impacts on water availability, further stressing a region plagued by natural disasters and food insecurity.

Researchers learn how to steer the heart -- with light
We depend on electrical waves to regulate the rhythm of our heartbeat.

New study explains near-annual Monsoon oscillations generated by El Niño
New research results show how interaction of the El Niño phenomenon with the annual cycle of solar radiation in the western Pacific generates a suite of predictable wind and rainfall patterns associated with the Southeast Asian Monsoons.

Early ID of physiological deterioration and appropriate care improves sepsis outcomes
Researchers from Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas, evaluated the rapid response system (RRS) training program on call rates and code blue events and found significant improvements were made in staff awareness and patient outcomes.

Firstborn, middle child, last-born: Birth order has only very small effects on personality
Who we become only marginally correlates with our birth position amongst siblings.

Invasive birds spreading avian malaria in eastern Australia
An invasive bird species is carrying, and potentially spreading, a high prevalence of avian malaria throughout its range in eastern Australia, a Griffith University Ph.D. candidate has uncovered.

Genomic ancestry linked to mate selection, study shows
Genetic ancestry, as well as facial characteristics, may play an important part in who we select as mates, according to an analysis from UC San Francisco, Microsoft Research, Harvard, UC Berkeley and Tel Aviv University.

Bacterium capable of aquifer decontamination identified in River Besòs (Spain)
UAB researchers have identified in the Besòs river estuary (Spain) a bacterium of the genus Dehalogenimonas, which has the capacity to transform toxic organochlorine compounds into others that are harmless.

New review: What to do to prevent food allergies in infants
With food allergies in children on the rise, parents often ask the question, How do I prevent food allergies in my baby?

Global leaders to gather at fourth international Conference on Family Planning
Global leaders including Indonesian President Joko Widodo, United Nations Population Fund Executive Director Babatunde Osotimehin and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Co-Chair Melinda Gates are scheduled to highlight the need for global collaboration and local action to improve family planning access worldwide at the fourth International Conference on Family Planning.

New way to fix a broken heart?
To regenerate a diseased heart, we need to understand how the smooth muscle of artery walls is created.

Life on Earth likely started 4.1 billion years ago -- much earlier than scientists thought
UCLA geochemists have found probable evidence for life on Earth at least 4.1 billion years ago -- 300 million years earlier than previously documented, pushing the origin of life close to when the planet formed, 4.54 billion years ago.

How wind might impact birds' migration routes
For centuries, scientists have been working to unravel the many mysteries of bird migration, studying where birds go, how they find their way, and how much of the information they need is inherited and how much is learned.

Team at Baylor College of Medicine successfully performs surgery on a human genome, changing how it is folded inside the cell nucleus
A multi-institutional team spanning Baylor College of Medicine, Rice University, Stanford University, and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has reported the first successful genome surgery, changing how the genome is folded inside the nucleus.

Wind turbines may reduce breeding success of white-tailed eagles
While renewable energy sources such as wind power will play an increasingly important role in climate change mitigation, new research reveals that the breeding success of species such as the white-tailed eagle can be significantly reduced by wind power generation on a large scale, possibly due to collision mortality.

How proteins age
Physiological processes in the body are in large part determined by the composition of secreted proteins found in the circulatory systems, including the blood.

Video press briefings feature abstract authors, GI experts on key ACG 2015 science
Featured abstract authors and renowned experts in the field of gastroenterology offer clinical insight and real-world perspective in a series of video press briefings that highlight the key science presented this week at the American College of Gastroenterology's 80th Annual Scientific Meeting in Honolulu.

Joan W. Miller, M.D., FARVO, elected to the National Academy of Medicine
Joan Whitten Miller, M.D., Henry Willard Williams Professor of Ophthalmology and Chair of Ophthalmology at Harvard Medical School, and Chief of Ophthalmology at Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Massachusetts General Hospital, has been elected to membership in the prestigious National Academy of Medicine.

How mechanical stretching forces impact human vascular cells
Vascular cells are continuously subjected to pulsatile mechanical extension of vessels caused by the periodic contraction of the heart.

Mapping the folding process of a single membrane protein
In a recent issue of Nature Chemical Biology, published on Oct.

Nearly 77 percent of pulmonary clinical trials failed to report race and ethnicity data
Researchers from Duke University and Durham Veteran Affairs Medical Center have found that nearly 77 percent of pulmonary clinical trials registered with failed to report race and ethnicity data, and biologic-related studies had even lower odds of reporting race and ethnicity data when compared with drug trials.

Research!America to honor leaders in medical and health research advocacy
Research!America's 20th annual Advocacy Awards will honor exceptional advocates for research whose achievements in their fields have brought hope to patients worldwide.

'Molecular accordion' drives thermoelectric behavior in promising material
Engines, laptops and power plants generate waste heat. Thermoelectric materials, which convert temperature gradients to electricity and vice versa, can recover some of that heat and improve energy efficiency.

Electronics get a power boost with the addition of a simple material
The tiny transistor is the heart of the electronics revolution, and Penn State materials scientists have just discovered a way to give this workhorse a big boost, using a new technique to incorporate vanadium oxide -- a functional oxide -- into the electronic devices.

Some patients in a vegetative state retain awareness, despite being unable to move
New insight into a vital cerebral pathway has explained how some patients in a vegetative state are aware despite appearing to be unconscious and being behaviorally unresponsive.

Invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections in hospitalized infants
Invasive methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus infection (MSSA) caused more infections and more deaths in hospitalized infants than invasive methicillin-resistant S. aureus infection (MRSA), which suggests measures to prevent S. aureus infections should include MSSA in addition to MRSA, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

For low-risk prostate cancer a shortened RT schedule has similar benefit
Clinical trial results presented today at the ASTRO plenary session confirm that patients with low-risk prostate cancer can be treated with a shortened (or hypofractionated) course of radiotherapy and experience the same level of cancer control as those treated with a conventional course of radiotherapy.

Site of inflammatory bowel disease crucial
A groundbreaking study of more than 30,000 patients with inflammatory bowel disease has shown that genetic factors affect the location of the inflammation in the gut, with important implications for diagnosis and treatment of patients.

Hearing aids may help keep hearing-impaired older adults mentally sharp
Hearing loss is linked with accelerated cognitive decline in older adults, but the use of hearing aids may help safeguard seniors' memory and thinking skills.

Physical activity has greater impact on body composition in postmenopausal women
Everyone knows that exercise is good for you, regardless of your age.

Seizures from solving sudoku puzzles
The JAMA Neurology feature 'Images in Neurology' features the case of a 25-year-old right-handed physical education student who was buried by an avalanche during a ski tour and endured 15 minutes of hypoxia (oxygen deficiency).

More than 11 moles on your arm could indicate higher risk of melanoma
Researchers at King's College London have investigated a new method that could be used by GPs to quickly determine the number of moles on the entire body by counting the number found on a smaller 'proxy' body area, such as an arm.

An ocean of hope
A new book by a UC Santa Barbara scholar explores the meaning of hope amid environmental struggles in the Pacific Ocean.

Academics present new breakthroughs for fundamental problems in computer science
Academics from the University of Bristol will present new breakthroughs on two fundamental problems in Computer Science.

Daily Earth images available from DSCOVR satellite EPIC instrument
NASA launched a new website Monday so the world can see images of the full, sunlit side of the Earth every day.

Corning Incorporated and ICFO announce a renovation agreement for the Corning Laboratory at ICFO
Corning Incorporated, a world leader in specialty glass and ceramics, and ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences, an independent, nonprofit research center based in Barcelona, Spain, announce a four-year renovation agreement for the Corning Laboratory established at ICFO.

Solvents save steps in solar cell manufacturing
Advances in ultrathin films have made solar panels and semiconductor devices more efficient and less costly, and researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory say they've found a way to manufacture the films more easily, too.

Queen or worker? Flexibility between roles relies on just a few genes
Two insect species from Latin America, the dinosaur ant and the red paper wasp, have been used to uncover the molecular mechanisms underpinning queen and worker roles in social insects.

Experimental treatment regimen effective against HIV
Protease inhibitors are a class of antiviral drugs that are commonly used to treat HIV.

Mobile device reminders help to improve post-operative outcomes
Researchers from Toronto East General Hospital and Seamless Mobile Health have found that the use of text message reminders and having patients log post-operative progress significantly reduces the risk of cancellations for procedures and decreases post-op ER visits.

Study: Alaskan boreal forest fires release more carbon than the trees can absorb
A new analysis of fire activity in Alaska's Yukon Flats finds that so many forest fires are occurring there that the area has become a net exporter of carbon to the atmosphere.

Easing ICU admission criteria improves mortality in patients with sepsis, reduces costs
Researchers from Northwest Hospital and Lifebridge Critical Care in Randallstown, Maryland, conducted a study of patients with sepsis admitted in the ICU and found that a significant decrease in mortality, ICU length of stay, and intermediate care unit-to-ICU transfers occurred when a collaborative culture was created between the ED and ICU.

Research on 377,000 people worldwide highlights the role of genes in eczema
In the largest genetic study of eczema in the world to date, a group of international researchers, led by Dr.

Nanotechnology inspires next-generation dental materials
Have a cavity? Ask your dentist about filling it with a mixture of nanoparticles including silica and zirconia.

Determining accurate life expectancy of older adults requires provider, patient discussion
Health care providers must have detailed discussions with their older adult patients to better determine their true life expectancy, according to researchers at UCSF and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Risks of LDCT LC screenings need to be assessed in 20- to 29-pack-year smokers
The potential risks and harms of low-dose CT (LDCT) lung cancer screening in current 20- to 29-pack-year smokers needs to be assessed before recommending LDCT to this group, according to a study published Oct.

Building and breaking synapses
Researchers find a protein that's involved in helping control the architecture of connections between neurons -- a basic process involved in both healthy and diseased brains.

Veterans with PTSD admitted to the ICU found to have higher sedation requirements
Researchers from the University at Buffalo at The State University of New York examined the effects of pre-existing post traumatic stress disorder on mechanically ventilated veterans during ICU hospitalization.

Mixed bag: Electronic health records and ICU quality improvement
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine found significant reductions in central line-associated bloodstream infections and surgical intensive care unit mortality rates after implementation of electronic health records.

Side stream emissions from 'heated tobacco' products similar to secondhand cigarette smoke
A new study in the Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry has found that next generation 'heated' tobacco devices produce side-stream emissions similar to secondhand cigarette smoke.

Calcium supplements may increase the risk of kidney stone recurrence
Diets rich in calcium decrease the risk of kidney stone recurrence, but calcium supplements may have the opposite effect.

Gene could hold key to treating Parkinson's disease
Researchers at King's College London have identified a new gene linked to nerve function, which could provide a treatment target for 'switching off' the gene in people with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease.

The 20 lb. cereal box
Over 200 American kitchens were photographed to determine if the food sitting out on counters could predict the weight of the woman living in each home.

Unveiling distribution of defects in proton conductors
A team of researchers in Tohoku University has developed a new idea to improve proton conductivity in rare-earth doped BaZrO3 to be used as an electrolyte material in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs).

National Academy of Medicine awards 2015 Lienhard Award to Robert Brent
The National Academy of Medicine, formerly the Institute of Medicine, today awarded the Gustav O.

Early childhood stress affects brain's response to rewards
A Duke-led study has pinpointed how early childhood stress affects brain activity, related to risks for depression and other mental health problems in adulthood.

How proteins age
SBP researchers and colleagues have discovered a mechanism that regulates the aging and abundance of secreted proteins.

Namaste, yogis: Yoga as effective as traditional pulmonary rehab in patients with COPD
Researchers from the Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, studied the effects of yoga as a form of pulmonary rehabilitation on markers of inflammation in the body.

Regrow a tooth? Fish -- yes; humans -- maybe some day
When a Lake Malawi cichlid loses a tooth, a new one drops neatly into place as a replacement.

Memo to docs: Mind the nonresistant bugs too
Drug-resistant bacteria have dominated news headlines and the attention of public health experts, but a study by experts at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and the Duke Clinical Research Institute shows that nonresistant bacterial infections occur far more often and can take just as great a toll on newborns as their drug-resistant cousins.

High-fat diet may cause changes in the brain that lead to anxiety and depression
A new study in mice reveals that increased body weight and high blood sugar as a result of consuming a high-fat diet may cause anxiety and depressive symptoms and measurable changes in the brain.

CHEST Annual Meeting 2015 Case Reports
The CHEST Annual Meeting 2015 at the Palais des congrès de Montréal begins this week, and clinicians and researchers from around the globe will present unique case studies on pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine topics.

New approach toward a broad spectrum malaria vaccine
Malaria affects millions of people worldwide. Plasmodium falciparum enolase participates in parasite invasion of host red blood cells and mosquito midgut epithelium.

Study urges optimization of solar energy development
Among renewable energy systems, solar energy has high potential for mitigating climate change, resulting in diverse technologies that capture the sun's thermal energy.

To infinity and beyond: Light goes infinitely fast with new on-chip material
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have designed the first on-chip metamaterial with a refractive index of zero, meaning that the phase of light can travel infinitely fast.

Holocaust survivors' memories help researchers map brain circuitry for gratitude
Holocaust survivor stories collected by the USC Shoah Foundation helped a post-doctoral researcher with a series of studies on gratitude and how it functions in the brain.

Study: Significant nonmedical financial burden for families after child admitted to ICU
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston found that families with children admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit incurred significant nonmedical, out-of-pocket expenses and demonstrated work absenteeism and inability to perform daily activities, with lowest income brackets bearing the highest burden.

Are cars nanotube factories on wheels?
Scientists detect the presence of carbon nanotubes in cells extracted from the airways of Parisian children with asthma.

Drug residues in wastewater: Private households mainly responsible
Sustainability researchers at Leuphana University of Lueneburg have found that most drug residues discharged to wastewater come from private households.

The Canadian experience on pediatric liver disease: Early diagnosis is critical
A first of its kind nationwide study on pediatric Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH), a progressive inflammatory liver disease, was released today in the esteemed journal, Pediatrics.

Gene on-off switch works like backpack strap
A research team based in Houston's Texas Medical Center has found that loop-forming proteins inside the human chromosome appear to work like the sliding plastic adjusters on a grade-schooler's backpack.

Many parents unaware of plans for emergencies at preschools and child care centers
Young children at preschools and child care centers can be especially vulnerable during emergencies like a hurricane or violent community situation.

The phage is a lonely hunter
Sharks prowl the watery depths for their prey, lions stalk the tall-grass savannah, and bacteriophages, well, they've got snot.

What's the deal with the gut microbiome? (video)
Scientists call the trillions of microorganisms inhabiting the human body the microbiome, and it's one of the hottest topics in research these days.

Powerful plastic microscope brings better diagnostic care for world's rural poor
In a project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation's Grand Challenges in Global Health Initiative, a research team from Rice University has recently developed a plastic, miniature digital fluorescence microscope that can quantify white blood cell levels in patients located in rural parts of the world that are far removed from the modern laboratory.

Penn: Stressed dads affect offspring brain development through sperm microRNA
University of Pennsylvania researchers have shown at the molecular level how experiencing stress changes a male mouse's sperm in such a way that it affects his offspring's response to stress.

Surfing water molecules could hold the key to fast and controllable water transport
Scientists at UCL have identified a new and potentially faster way of moving molecules across the surfaces of certain materials.

First patients dosed with 'gene silencing' drug for Huntington's disease
The first few patients have received doses of an experimental RNA-targeting drug for Huntington's disease, it was announced today.

NASA's GPM measured Typhoon Champi's heavy rainfall
Typhoon Champi has been generating heavy rainfall since Oct. 16, 2015, when NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement, or GPM, mission analyzed the storm.

Orange lichens are potential source for anticancer drugs
An orange pigment found in lichens and rhubarb called parietin may have potential as an anti-cancer drug because it interferes with the metabolic enzyme 6PGD, scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have discovered.

Poisonous frogs more likely to face extinction, study finds
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that amphibians that use toxins to protect themselves against predators are at a higher risk of extinction than those who use other types of defense, which poses a challenge to a long-held evolutionary hypothesis.

National Academy of Medicine names five Anniversary Fellows for 2015
The National Academy of Medicine has selected five outstanding health professionals for the class of 2015 NAM Anniversary Fellows.

3-D printing provides low-cost alternative in bronchoscopy simulation training
Researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, found that 3-D-printed tracheobronchial tree models compared favorably against other more standard models in training pulmonary physicians to perform bronchoscopy.

Structure revealed: Plant sugar transporter involved in carbon sequestration
Plants are surrounded by and closely associated with microbes. The majority of these are beneficial, but some can cause devastating disease.

Otis W. Brawley, M.D. elected to National Academy of Medicine
American Cancer Society Chief Medical Officer, Otis Webb Brawley, M.D., M.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.O., F.A.C.E. has been elected to the 2015 Class of the National Academy of Medicine.

Study finds existence of protein in the blood can be early predictor of kidney disease
Mayo Clinic researchers in Rochester, Minnesota, collaborated with the University of Mississippi Medical Center on a recent study, 'Troponin T as a Predictor of End-Stage Renal Disease and All-Cause Death in African-American and Whites From Hypertensive Families.'

'Reversible' tumor suppressor loss: Key to new brain cancer therapies?
It's no surprise that people enjoy warm places like Hawaii but may suffer in hostile locales such as Antarctica.

Do stem cells hold the key to breast cancer spread?
A $680,000 investment in breast cancer research is helping Dr.

Backyard photo of Lee Harvey Oswald is authentic, Dartmouth study shows
A new Dartmouth study confirms the authenticity of the famous backyard photo of Lee Harvey Oswald holding the same type of rifle used to assassinate President John F.

Pledges by top 3 greenhouse gas emitters shut out other nations
A new study by researchers at MIT and the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research in Oslo, Norway, has found that pledges by the three largest emitters -- the United States, the European Union, and China -- leave very little room for the rest of the world to emit.

How chickens walk holds clues to how they spread disease
Plotting on a grid just how a chicken walks may one day give farmers more insight into how best to protect their flock from non-airborne pathogens that can also hurt their profit.

Gout risk high in patients with sleep apnea
Sleep apnea may increase the risk of developing gout, a new study shows.

The smell of death can trigger fight or flight in humans
New research from a team led by a psychologist at the University of Kent suggests that humans, like other species, can perceive certain scents as threatening.

Monkey model discovery could spur CMV vaccine development
Researchers at Duke Medicine have discovered that rhesus monkeys can, in fact, transmit cytomegalovirus across the placenta to their unborn offspring.

Low household income can increase risk of death after heart surgery
Low household income was associated with higher risk of death after cardiac surgery in Sweden despite that the entire population has access to free health care, according to a study published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Solar energy's land-use impact
Until now, studies quantifying the effects of utility-scale solar energy installations on land-cover and impacts on protected areas have been limited.

Study reveals new, potent way to boost immunity and fight viruses
Studying mice with a variety of viral infections, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine? in St.

Late-breaking study finds aerobic exercise significantly improved asthma control
Researchers from Hospital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal, the Montreal Chest Institute, and Concordia University in Montréal, Canada, conducted a 12-week supervised aerobic exercise program for patients with asthma and found that exercise yielded significant improvements in asthma control.

Gut microbiome insights headline key research presented at ACG 2015
New research in the area of fecal microbiota transplantation further advances understanding of the safety and effectiveness of FMT for Clostridium difficile, suggests gut microbiota changes may play a role in predicting treatment failure, and explores whether donor stool can impact an FMT recipients weight, are among the highlights of the American College of Gastroenterology's 80th Annual Scientific Meeting, which will be held this week in Honolulu.

Strathclyde enters partnership with world-leading sensor company
A world-leading sensor design and manufacturing company has announced a major investment in a research partnership with the University of Strathclyde.

Carbon sequestration in soil: The potential underfoot
Declining greenhouse gas emissions from European cropland could compensate for up to 7 percent of annual agricultural emissions from the region, according to a new study analyzing the carbon uptake potential of soil.

No increased risk of mortality when patients with sepsis were stabilized in ED
Researchers from Baylor Scott & White Health and Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in Temple, Texas, found no increased risk of mortality for patients with severe sepsis who were stabilized in the ED prior to ICU admission.

National Academy of Medicine awards 2015 Sarnat Prize in Mental Health to Kay Jamison and Kenneth Kendler
The National Academy of Medicine, formerly the Institute of Medicine, today awarded the 2015 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to Kay Jamison and Kenneth Kendler -- the first time two separate nominees are receiving the award.

Patients undergoing lung cancer screening experience elevated levels of distress
Low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening is recommended to screen patients with an increased risk of developing lung cancer, but little research regarding the emotional toll of screening has been conducted.

Smoking among physicians-in-training linked to duty hours, presence of peers who smoke
A survey distributed by researchers from the Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center in Manila, Philippines, may have found a link between the number of duty hours and the prevalence of physicians who smoke.

Video and research release: How insects become queens or workers
Two insect species from Latin America, the dinosaur ant and the red paper wasp, have been used to uncover the molecular mechanisms underpinning queen and worker roles in social insects.

The missing 'recipe'
It was one of the 'missing pieces' in the Theoretical Physics of Materials puzzle and today a group of SISSA researchers has finally found it: for the first time, the phenomenon of thermal conduction has been accounted for by the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics.

Noninvasive ventilation during exercise training beneficial in patients with COPD
Researchers from Turkey's Ege University Department of Biostatistics evaluated the effects of noninvasive ventilation and supplemental oxygen during exercise training and found it to have multiple physiologic benefits in patients with severe COPD.

Patients awaiting lung transplant commonly suffer depression-related symptoms
Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, have found patients awaiting lung transplant often suffer from stress, anxiety, or depressive symptoms, and these symptoms are not isolated to patients with pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses.

Precision monitoring to transform health care: Right data, right person, right time
Precision medicine and precision monitoring of that care -- using available information on an individual to ensure that the right person receives the right data at the right time -- is emerging as a way to promote high quality, efficient care and improve patient outcomes.

Satellite animation shows Olaf grow into a major hurricane
An animation of imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite over several days showed Hurricane Olaf become a major hurricane on Monday, Oct.

L.A.'s CicLAvia significantly improves air quality in host neighborhoods
L.A's CicLAvia, a series of one-day events organized by a local nonprofit in which neighborhood streets are closed to motor vehicles so that people can walk and cycle freely, significantly reduces air pollution along the CicLAvia route and even on other streets in the communities where the event is held.

Study shows outreach increases completion of HPV vaccination series by adolescent girls
A joint study by UT Southwestern Medical Center and Parkland Health & Hospital System investigators found that a multicomponent outreach program increased completion of the three-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination series that reduces the risk of cervical cancer caused by the virus.

Do male/female 'rape myths' influence a bystander's likelihood to intervene in a sexual assault?
The growing use of bystander intervention strategies on college campuses and in the military to prevent sexual assault necessitates a better understanding of the effect that rape myths might have on an individual's likelihood to intervene and help an acquaintance or stranger.

Low quality of life and depression may contribute to erectile dysfunction in men with sleep apnea
Burdens related to poor sleep may put men with sleep apnea at increased risk of erectile dysfunction.

What is the blackest black? (video)
Go to any paint store or nail-polish shelf and you'll see a dozen or so variations of the color black.

Biosimilars -- clinical perspectives in rheumatology
Rheumatologists from Charité -- Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the University of Massachusetts Medical School have been analyzing clinical data on biosimilars that have already been approved for use.

Clear link between income and survival after cardiac surgery
The higher a patient's income, the better are his or her chances of surviving cardiac surgery in both the short and long term.

NASA studying 2015 El Niño event as never before
Every two to seven years, an unusually warm pool of water -- known as El Nino, affects the local aquatic environment, but also spurs extreme weather patterns around the world, from flooding in California to droughts in Australia.

ASTRO: Penn Medicine studies point to clinical advantages of proton therapy
New data from clinical trials conducted at the Robert Proton Therapy Center demonstrate the technology's potential advantages over conventional radiation, including less side effects and survival in some cases, for several harder-to-treat tumors: pancreatic, late-stage, non-small cell lung and chordoma and chondrosarcoma, two rare cancers found in bone or soft tissue.

New mathematical method reveals structure in neural activity in the brain
A newly-developed mathematical method can detect geometric structure in neural activity in the brain.

Young babies don't experience tickles in the way you think they do
When you tickle the toes of newborn babies, the experience for them isn't quite as you would imagine it to be.

Restrictive approach to chest X-rays provides positive outcomes for ICU
Researchers from Mount Sinai Beth Israel, in New York, New York, created a quality improvement initiative in 2012, recommending a restrictive approach to ordering chest X-rays compared with ordering them routinely.

Fossils reveal humans were greater threat than climate change to Caribbean wildlife
Nearly 100 fossil species pulled from a flooded cave in the Bahamas reveal a true story of persistence against all odds -- at least until the time humans stepped foot on the islands.

Georgia state's school of public health receives $2.2 million for child maltreatment research
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute has awarded a research team at Georgia State University's School of Public Health a $2.2 million grant to study the effectiveness of different approaches to reducing child abuse and neglect.

TSRI scientists find way to make leukemia cells kill each other
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found a way to change leukemia cells into leukemia-killing immune cells.

Scientists find some thrive in acid seas
Researchers from James Cook University have found that ocean acidification may not be all bad news for one important sea-dwelling plant.

Trial results show that 'health risk assessment' benefits non-disabled elderly people
Implementation of a collaborative care model among community-dwelling older people using a health risk assessment instrument resulted in better health behaviors and increased use of preventative care, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Study examines the effects of childhood trauma on later sexual well-being
Among 96 former Swiss indentured child laborers, 22 individuals showed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and 53 reported having experienced childhood trauma.

Scents and sense ability: Diesel fumes alter half the flower smells bees need
In polluted environments, diesel fumes may be reducing the availability of almost half the most common flower odours that bees use to find their food, research has found.

Unintended costs of health-care integration
As hospital acquisition of physician practices has led to more physicians becoming employees of hospitals, prices have gone up, with no offsetting evidence of greater efficiency.

Watching the inflammation process in real time
Dr. Ulrike Garscha and her colleagues from Jena together with scientists from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm published their results in the science magazine FASEB Journal.

National Academy of Medicine honors members for outstanding service
The National Academy of Medicine (NAM), formerly the Institute of Medicine, honored members Alan Leshner, chief executive officer emeritus, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.; Jonathan M.

Physician-hospital financial integration associated with higher prices
Physician-hospital integration appears to be associated with increased spending and prices for outpatient care but without the accompanying changes in utilization that might suggest more efficient care from better coordination and economies of scale, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

National Academy of Medicine elects 70 new regular members, 10 international members
The National Academy of Medicine, formerly the Institute of Medicine, announced today the election of 70 regular members and 10 international members during its annual meeting.

24 months of ATT improves survival for men with cancer recurrence after prostatectomy
For men diagnosed with prostate cancer and treated with radical prostatectomy, adding 24 months of anti-androgen therapy during and after salvage radiotherapy improves overall survival compared with salvage RT treatment alone, according to results of a clinical trial conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group now NRG Oncology.

Penn Innovation Accelerator Program kick starts projects to improve health care delivery
Penn Medicine's Innovation Accelerator Program, now in its third year, has announced funding for eight new projects aimed at improving health care delivery and patient outcomes.

Sepsis and shock response team in the ED reduces mortality
Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, formed a multidisciplinary sepsis and shock response team to help alert emergency department providers when these disorders are suspected.

Mikhail Lukin awarded the 2015 Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics will be awarded to Prof.

Biomarker finder adjusts on the fly
Rice University bioengineers develop a continuously tunable method to locate biomarkers in DNA and RNA.

X-citing X chromosome discovery could aid research on many sex-linked disorders
A new genetic discovery could help scientists understand exactly how one X chromosome in each cell of a female's body gets 'silenced' -- and perhaps lead to better treatment for X-linked diseases.

Journalism fellowship recognizes America's top age beat reporters
The Gerontological Society of America and New America Media have selected 18 distinguished reporters for the next cohort of the Journalists in Aging Fellows Program, now in its sixth year. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to