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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | October 20, 2015

Rutgers Genetics Research Center awarded $6 million federal grant
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) has awarded a five-year grant worth up to $6,034,323 to RUCDR Infinite Biologics, a unit of Rutgers' Human Genetics Institute of New Jersey.
Building off known genomes to advance systems and ecosystems biology
The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, has selected 27 new projects for the 2016 Community Science Program (CSP).
'Big Data' used to identify new cancer driver genes
SBP researchers combine publicly available cancer databases to identify new genes associated with cancer.
Transfusion with stored blood safe in heart surgery
A large registry study led from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet shed new light on the much debated issue of transfusions with stored blood.
University of Houston research would keep energy flowing
Traditional cybersecurity efforts are often reactive and fail to anticipate where hackers will strike and how.
Cancer-causing parasite may accelerate wound healing
James Cook University scientists have found a cancer-causing, parasitic worm could help patients recover from their wounds.
First synthetic model of a bacterial outer membrane will support antibiotic development
Scientists have developed a model of the outer membrane of the bacteria E. coli (Escherichia coli) providing a brand new tool for developing new antibiotics and other drugs in the fight against infections.
Bangladesh health successes shift chronic diseases to poor
A new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology shows that over the past decades Bangladesh observed a successful health transition while chronic diseases shifted from the rich to affect in excess also poor households.
The secret life of seeds to be discussed at symposium
Vigor, viability and dormancy are keys to the success of seeds
New report on energy-efficient computing
A report that resulted from a workshop jointly funded by the Semiconductor Research Corporation and National Science Foundation outlines key factors limiting progress in computing -- particularly related to energy consumption -- and novel research that could overcome these barriers.
The vulture's scavenging secrets -- an ironclad stomach and a strong immune system
Vultures have a unique genetic make-up allowing them to digest carcasses and guard themselves against constant exposure to pathogens in their diet, according to the first Eurasian vulture genome published in the open-access journal Genome Biology.
Why van Gogh's Sunflowers are wilting
The colour of Vincent van Gogh's famous Sunflowers is changing over time, because of the mixture of pigments used by the Dutch master.
Preeclampsia associated with increased risk of heart defects in infants
An analysis of more than 1.9 million mother and infant pairs finds that preeclampsia was significantly associated with noncritical heart defects in offspring, and preeclampsia with onset before 34 weeks was associated with critical heart defects; however, the absolute risk of congenital heart defects was low, according to a study in the Oct.
Exciting breakthrough in 2-D lasers
An important step towards next-generation ultra-compact photonic and optoelectronic devices has been taken with the realization of a two-dimensional excitonic laser.
Histone deacetylase 6 inhibition enhances oncolytic viral therapy
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation indicates that inhibition of histone deaceteylase 6 improves the ability of oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1 to kill glioma cells.
Menopausal status a better indicator than age for mammography frequency
In a study conducted to inform American Cancer Society breast cancer screening guidelines, UC Davis researcher Diana L.
Preserving the best qualities of 'Honeycrisp' apples
A study assessed potential impacts on grower profits when crop load management of 'Honeycrisp' apples is not optimal.
Why corporations don't always 'learn' their way to success
Any business guru will tell you that companies achieve success by learning from their experiences in the marketplace.
Discrepancies are common between reported medical outcomes and trial registry data
Only a quarter of publications reporting on headache clinical trials were registered in an approved clinical trial registry, a new study published Oct.
AAAS to expand the Science family of journals by launching 2 new journals -- Science Robotics and Science Immunology
In keeping with its mission to advance scientific progress and innovation, the world's largest general scientific organization -- the American Association for the Advancement of Science -- today announced plans for two new peer-reviewed journals, Science Robotics and Science Immunology.
People with sedentary lifestyles are at increased risk of developing kidney disease
Each 80 minutes/day (assuming 16 awake hours/day) increase in sedentary duration was linked with a 20 percent increased likelihood of having chronic kidney disease in a recent study.
Opt-out system for organ donation is well intentioned but misguided
As Wales prepares to become the first country of the United Kingdom to introduce an opt-out system for organ donation, a doctor writing in The BMJ this week, says support for such a system 'is well intentioned but misguided.'
MRI shows heart ages differently in women than in men
The main pumping chamber of the heart ages differently in men and women, according to a MRI study.
Another dimension: 3-D cell growth opens new pathway for spinal cord repair
Griffith University researchers have opened a new avenue to advance a therapy to repair the paralyzed spinal cord, using a novel technique to grow cells in three dimensions, and without the traditional restrictions of matrix or scaffolds.
From good to bad with a copper switch
They turn into bad prions, but no one knew how.
Dietary fat impacts autoimmune flare-ups in mice
Dietary fat may impact the severity and duration of autoimmune flare-ups, suggests a study published on Oct.
You too can learn to farm on Mars!
Scientists at Washington State University and the University of Idaho are helping students figure out how to farm on Mars, much like astronaut Mark Watney, played by Matt Damon, attempts in the critically acclaimed movie 'The Martian.'
Being rich in the Middle Ages led to an unhealthy life
In the Middle Ages only wealthy town people could afford to eat and drink from beautiful, colored glazed cups and plates.
NIH study reveals risk of drug-resistant malaria spreading to Africa
Drug-resistant forms of Plasmodium falciparum, the deadliest species among malaria parasites, are able to infect the type of mosquito that is the main transmitter of malaria in Africa, according to findings from scientists at NIAID.
Ten new genetic risk loci for eczema discovered
Researchers in Europe, Australia, Asia, and America have now discovered ten new risk loci for the chronic inflammatory skin disease eczema.
TIME Magazine's Ebola doctor in first US appearance: What's needed for next epidemic
Ebola doctor and a TIME Magazine Person of the Year Jerry Brown, MD, will make a first public appearance in the United States.
Fecal transplants show promise, but need careful monitoring, say experts
The use of fecal transplants to treat severe infections has rapidly become the treatment of choice, but as use increases and widens proper screening of donors, and good long term trials and monitoring are urgently needed in order to provide sensible advice to patients, say experts in The BMJ today.
WCS president inducted into 235th class of American Academy of Arts and Sciences
For the 235th time, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences has inducted its newest class of members.
A 'hot' new development for ultracold magnetic sensors
The most sensitive commercial magnetometers require near absolute zero temperatures, but researchers have now built a device with superior performance at a relatively balmy 77 K.
'Green' buildings bring in more green
'Green' commercial buildings bring in more revenue for landlords, according to new research by a University of Guelph professor.
New 'geospeedometer' confirms super-eruptions have short fuses
A new 'geospeedometer' that can measure the amount of time between the formation of an explosive magma melt and an eruption confirms that the process took less than 500 years in several ancient super-eruptions.
With organic rice in demand, scientists to help farmers improve production
Organic rice is increasingly desired by US consumers, but farmers know that growing the grain chemically free can mean providing a feast for insects, diseases and weeds.
Learning from ants how to build transportation networks
Using mathematical modeling and field data, researchers at the mathematics department at Uppsala University have found the basic rules that allow ants to build efficient and low cost transport networks without discarding robustness.
Systematic review examines potential health benefits of pear consumption
To explore the potential health benefits associated with pear consumption and related health outcomes, Joanne Slavin, Ph.D., R.D., professor of food science and nutrition at the University of Minnesota, St.
Preparations for the 4th Heidelberg Laureate Forum are underway!
For one week, the recipients of the Abel Prize, the ACM A.M.
IBEX spacecraft sets gold standard for understanding galactic material around solar system
NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) reached a milestone in its seven-year mission today with the publication of 14 papers in a special issue of The Astrophysical Journal Supplement.
A prescription to cure Big Pharma's image problem
One Concordia researcher has a prescription to cure Big Pharma's reputation hire a Chief Values Officer.
Stimulating specific brain area could help defrost arms frozen by stroke
Little can be done to help the hundreds of thousands of people whose severe strokes have left them with one arm stuck close to the sides of their bodies like a broken wing.
Lathering up with sunscreen may protect against cancer -- killing coral reefs worldwide
Lathering up with sunscreen may prevent sunburn and protect against cancer, but it is also killing coral reefs around the world.
Female rats struggle to find their way in BPA study from MU and the NCTR/FDA
Five years after the Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity, or CLARITY-BPA for short -- launched, results are beginning to come in.
Growing old can be risky business
Two experts in elder abuse coin the term and explain the concept in an opinion article published in the Oct.
5G Innovation Centre celebrates UK-China collaboration, welcoming Cybersecurity Administration of China
Today, the University of Surrey, with support from the Department of Culture, Media and Sport hosted a delegation led by Zhuang Rongwen, Vice-Minister, Cybersecurity Administration of China who visited the 5G Innovation Centre, Europe's largest academic research centre dedicated to the development of the next generation of mobile and wireless communications.
Dog's recovery at Tufts highlights need for genetic testing, owner vigilance
The remarkable recovery of a dog nursed back to health from the brink of death by Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University highlights the value of a simple genetic test that can help owners determine if their pets are vulnerable to what in most cases is a safe, commonly used drug.
Researchers develop drug delivery technique to bypass blood-brain barrier
Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School and Boston University have successfully prevented the development of Parkinson's disease in a mouse using new techniques to deliver drugs across the naturally impenetrable blood-brain barrier.
Breakthrough to the development of energy-saving devices for the next generation
A group of researchers led by Kawayama Iwao, an associate professor of the Institute of Laser Engineering at Osaka University, in cooperation with Screen Holdings Co., Ltd., succeeded in visualizing changes in defect density on the surface of GaN through the laser terahertz emission microscope which measures THz waves generated by laser emission.
Research study validates neuroreader for accurate and fast measurement of brain volumes
A new neuroimaging software, Neuroreader, was shown to be as accurate as traditional methods for detecting the slightest changes in brain volume, and does so in a fraction of the time, according to a research study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease this month.
Fly brains reveal the neural pathway by which outside stimuli become behavior
Princeton University researchers used fruit fly brains to capture the process by which the brain identifies behaviorally useful information in the external environment and uses it to determine our actions.
Does living in the United States promote teenage risk taking?
Teenagers are known for taking unnecessary risks, from reckless driving to smoking marijuana, but some seek out risky experiences more than others.
Alcohol ads linked to teen alcohol brand choices
Overall exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising is a significant predictor of underage youth alcohol brand consumption, with youth ages 13 to 20 more than five times more likely to consume brands that advertise on national television and 36 percent more likely to consume brands that advertise in national magazines compared to brands that don't advertise in these media.
Satellite with UNH components sheds new light on solar system boundary
A team of scientists, including seven from the University of New Hampshire, present findings from six years of direct observations made by NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) mission of the interstellar wind that blows through our solar system in 14 papers published today in an Astrophysical Journal Supplement Special Issue.
Researchers aim to make privacy second nature for software developers
Researchers from academia, and Microsoft, and Intel are developing training that will educate software developers on regulatory requirements related to user privacy.
Dirty pipeline: Methane from fracking sites can flow to abandoned wells, new study shows
A new study funded by the National Science Foundation shows that abandoned oil and gas wells near fracking sites can be conduits for methane escape not currently being measured, a significant finding given the current debate over new EPA rules regulating fracking-related release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Later age recommended for first screening mammogram
Among the changes in the American Cancer Society's updated breast cancer screening guideline is that women with an average risk of breast cancer should undergo regular, annual screening mammography beginning at age 45 years, with women having an opportunity to choose to begin annual screening as early as age 40; and women 55 years and older should transition to screening every other year (vs. annual), according to an article in the Oct.
Family risk of breast cancer does not affect psychosocial adjustment among pre-teen girls
Girls from families with a history of breast cancer, or genetic mutations that increase the risk of a breast cancer diagnosis, seem to adjust just as well as other girls when it comes to general anxiety, depression and overall psychosocial adjustment, according to new research from Penn Medicine.
NASA sees Hurricane Olaf move into central Pacific Ocean
NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites saw Hurricane Olaf move west over the longitude line of 140 degrees that separates the Eastern Pacific from the Central Pacific.
HIV cure research: NIH scientists create 2-headed protein to deplete HIV reservoir
NIH scientists have created a protein that awakens resting immune cells infected with HIV and facilitates their destruction in laboratory studies.
VivoSight OCT scanner significantly improves early-stage diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma
Recent data shows that the VivoSight OCT scanner significantly improves diagnosis of basal-cell carcinoma at an earlier stage and reduces diagnostic biopsies by 36 percent.
Tiny dancers: Can ballet bugs help us build better robots?
High-speed video breaks down the incredible leaping ability of basement-dwelling spider crickets and points the way toward development of robotic long jumpers.
Trained medical interpreters can reduce errors in care for patients with limited English proficiency
For patients with limited English proficiency (LEP), errors in medical interpretation are common -- especially when the interpreter is a family member or other untrained person, reports a study in the October issue of Medical Care.
Scientists gain insight into origin of tungsten-ditelluride's magnetoresistance
Two new significant findings may move scientists closer to understanding the origins of tungsten-ditelluride's (WTe2) extremely large magnetoresistance, a key characteristic in modern electronic devices like magnetic hard drives and sensors.
Journaling: Astronauts chronicle missions
Journaling has and will always play an important role in any journey.
Umbrella-shaped diamond nanostructures make efficient photon collectors
By tweaking the shape of the diamond nanostructures into the form of tiny umbrellas, researchers from Tokyo Institute of Technology experimentally showed that the fluorescence intensity of their structures was three to five times greater than that of bulk diamond.
Scientists find link between comet and asteroid showers and mass extinctions
Mass extinctions occurring over the past 260 million years were likely caused by comet and asteroid showers, scientists conclude in a new study published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
First mouse model of spontaneous depression-like episodes shows new candidate brain region
Scientists from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute have shown that a mouse strain with a mutation that leads to dysfunction of mitochondria -- the 'powerhouses' that provide energy to cells -- spontaneously undergo periodic episodes of depression-like behavior that resemble those in human.
New study explores gender bias in academic hiring
When all else is equal between highly qualified candidates for entry-level faculty positions, professors in academic science overwhelmingly prefer women over men, Cornell researchers previously found in national experiments.
Uncovered: The European roller's route between Africa and Europe
Its blue and brown-coloured plumage is undoubtedly the most distinctive feature of the European roller, a threatened migratory bird.
IBEX sheds new light on solar system boundary
In 14 papers published in the October 2015 Astrophysical Journal Supplement, scientists present findings from NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer, or IBEX, mission providing the most definitive analyses, theories and results about local interstellar space to date.
Nivolumab in melanoma: Added benefit in certain patients
Treatment-naive patients with BRAF V600 mutation-negative tumor have an advantage in overall survival.
Effect of duration of storage of red blood cells transfused for cardiac surgery
Although some studies have suggested that transfusion of stored red blood cell (RBC) concentrates may be harmful, as blood undergoes several physiological changes during storage, an analysis of patients who underwent cardiac surgery in Sweden over a 16-year period found no association between duration of RBC storage and risk of death or serious complications, according to a study in the Oct.
NASA sees Typhoon Champi near Iwo To, Japan
Typhoon Champi was near Iwo To island, Japan when NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites gathered data on the weakening typhoon.
A new way to starve lung cancer?
Scientists have identified a new way to stop the growth of lung cancer cells, by blocking their ability to use alternative sources of nutrition.
Case report finds acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis in patient using e-cigarettes
Researchers from VA Hospital in White River Junction, Vermont will present a case report of acute inhalation lung injury related to the use of e-cigarettes and a flavored e-cigarette liquid containing diacetyl.
Conventional, compost, organic production compared for strawberry
Researchers studied the economic viability and environmental impact of three soil management systems of strawberry production in the southeastern United States.
Program for parents helps sustain learning gains in kids from Head Start to kindergarten
An instructional program for parents helps young children retain the literacy skills and positive learning behaviors acquired in Head Start through to the end of the kindergarten year, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.
New Jersey scientists show brain connectivity changes with working memory after TBI
Scientists from Kessler Foundation and Rutgers University compared information flow in the brain in traumatic brain injury and controls using neuroimaging and a novel working memory task, CapMan, which measures capacity and mental manipulation.
Building immune system memory
A study led by the University of Utah School of Medicine has identified molecular mechanisms that control an immune cell's ability to remember.
The Kavli HUMAN Project -- Big Data to provide unprecedented insights on health and behavior
The Kavli HUMAN Project will use Big Data approaches to aggregate and analyze a variety of measurements gathered over 20 years on 10,000 individuals in roughly 2,500 households in New York City to determine how human health and behavior co-evolve over the lifecycle.
Internal fingerprint sensor peers inside fingertips for more surefire ID
Most optical fingerprint sensors today produce images by reflecting light from areas where the skin does not come in contact with a glass plate, a technique that captures details from only the very top layer of skin.
Case Western Reserve receives $2 million for smoking cessation research
A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine team received $2 million from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to study a combination approach to help patients stop smoking, particularly those who are socially and economically disadvantaged.
The industrial scale-up of bread containing oat beta-glucans that lower blood
Azti-Tecnalia together with Artadi Alimentación, has achieved the industrial scale-up of white bread dough containing oat beta-glucans that lower blood cholesterol, thus optimising the formula for industrial processing conditions that will allow this bread to be marketed on a large scale.
Nobel Prize winner elected to the National Academy of Medicine
Nobel Prize winner Shinya Yamanaka, M.D., Ph.D., a Senior Investigator at the Gladstone Institutes in San Francisco, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Team-based treatment is better for first episode psychosis
New research shows that treating people with first episode psychosis with a team-based, coordinated specialty care (CSC) approach produces better clinical and functional outcomes than typical community care.
Muscle relaxant or opioid combined with NSAID does not improve low back pain
Among patients with acute, low back pain presenting to an emergency department, neither the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug naproxen combined with oxycodone/acetaminophen or the muscle relaxant cyclobenzaprine provided better pain relief or improvement in functional outcomes than naproxen combined with placebo, according to a study in the Oct.
Mathematically modeling the mind
New model described in the journal CHAOS represents how the mind processes sequential memory and may help understand psychiatric disorders.
New CEO's gender may affect company performance
A CEO succession with a gender change may amplify the disruption of the CEO succession process and thus adversely affect company performance, according to a new study by strategic management experts at Rice University and the Central University of Finance and Economics in Beijing.
Botox may prevent irregular heartbeat after bypass surgery
Botox injections into fat surrounding the heart reduced the chances of developing an irregular heart rhythm -- the most common complication of bypass surgery.
SAGE to launch JDR Clinical & Translational Research in partnership with IADR/AADR
SAGE is pleased to launch JDR Clinical & Translational Research in partnership with the International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR).
Researcher develops vaccine for fatal disease
Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms in contaminated water.
Triggered earthquakes give insight into changes below Earth's surface
Quakes can alter elasticity of Earth's crust up to 6,000 kilometers away.
Researchers find AKI a predictor of higher mortality rates for stroke patients
A University of Cincinnati researcher, in collaboration with other investigators, has found that ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients who suffer from acute kidney injury requiring dialysis have higher death rates and greater odds of entering long-term care or nursing facilities after hospitalization.
Bees to scientists: 'We're more complicated than you think'
Chemical signaling among social insects, such as bees, ants and wasps, is more complex than previously thought, according to researchers at Penn State and Tel Aviv University, whose results refute the idea that a single group of chemicals controls reproduction across numerous species.
NJIT NEXT campaign surpasses $150 million goal early: A campus transformation
The NJIT NEXT comprehensive campaign has surpassed its $150 million goal to become the largest philanthropic fundraising effort in university history, NJIT officials reported today.
Cause of viral infection of the brain mapped out
Researchers have recently discovered a defect in the immune system, which causes some people with herpes virus to develop a life-threatening inflammation of the brain.
Male and female hearts don't grow old the same way
A federally funded analysis of MRI scans of the aging hearts of nearly 3,000 adults shows significant differences in the way male and female hearts change over time.
San Diego team combats memory loss by enhancing brain function
A new study, led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and University of California San Diego School of Medicine shows that increasing a crucial cholesterol-binding membrane protein in nerve cells within the brain can improve learning and memory in aged mice.
The Lancet: Study reveals poor levels of use, availability and affordability of vital heart medicines
New research published in The Lancet shows that the use of vital life-saving generic (and supposedly inexpensive) medicines for prevention in people with existing heart disease is poor worldwide.
Superbug infection greatest increase in children ages 1-5
Children are becoming infected with the highly fatal antibiotic resistant bacteria CRE at a much higher rate than the recent past, according to a data analysis by researchers at Rush University Medical Center.
Inherent mindfulness linked to lower obesity risk, belly fat
A new study finds that people with a high degree of attention to their present thoughts and feelings -- 'dispositional mindfulness' -- are less likely to be obese than people with a low degree of dispositional mindfulness.
EU Regulation on Medical Devices still poses dangers to patients' interests
The proposed Regulation on In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices (IVDs) negotiations, currently at the stage of tripartite negotiations between the Council (representing Member State governments), the European Parliament, and the European Commission, still risks restricting the rights of patients and doctors to carry out essential genetic testing.
For children with rare genetic disorder, more extensive epilepsy surgery yields better seizure control
Children with the genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex often need epilepsy surgery for severe, uncontrollable seizures.
New approach to urban ecology emerges from Forest Service research in Baltimore
'The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology,' is the first new school of ecology to emerge in more than 90 years, and the vision proposed by Morgan Grove, a Forest Service scientist in Baltimore, and co-authors includes environmental justice, human migration, public health, economic restructuring, water supply, climate and sea-level change, and more.
Super-slick material makes steel better, stronger, cleaner
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have demonstrated a way to make steel stronger, safer and more durable.
Tdap vaccination during pregnancy following other recent tetanus-containing vaccine
Among women who received the tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine during pregnancy, there was no increased risk of adverse events in the mothers or adverse birth outcomes in newborns for women who had received a tetanus-containing vaccine in the previous five years, according to a study in the Oct.
Two lefts make it right: Cardiac experts find novel approach to treat heart failure
A teenage girl faced with sudden rapid heart deterioration, a man in the prime years of his life suffering from debilitating heart failure and a former NFL athlete crippled by end-stage heart failure were all successfully treated with a surgical approach pioneered by cardiac experts at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
Comet: A supercomputer for the 'long tail' of science
The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego this week formally launched 'Comet,' a new petascale supercomputer designed to transform scientific research by expanding computational access among a larger number of researchers and across a wider range of domains.
Annual vs. biennial mammography and breast tumor prognostic characteristics
Premenopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer following a biennial screening mammogram were more likely to have bigger more advanced tumors than women screened annually, while postmenopausal women not using hormone therapy had a similar proportion of tumors with less favorable prognostic characteristics regardless of whether their screening mammogram was biennial or annual, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
A study of 377,000 sheds light on the role played by the genome in eczema
The largest genetic study of atopic dermatitis ever performed permitted a team of international researchers to identify ten previously unknown genetic variations that contribute to the development of the condition.
UGR scientists patent an effective drug for treating breast, colon, and skin cancers
The new compound reduced the tumour activity by 50 percent following 41 days of treatment, in mice with induced tumors.
Assessing the combined effects of chemicals using non-animal methods
Main strengths of non-animal methods lie in their integrated use and putting into context different aspects of the hazard from combined exposure to multiple chemicals.
Most earth-like worlds have yet to be born, according to theoretical study
Earth came early to the party in the evolving universe.
Mosquitofish populations with more females have greater ecological impact
Female mosquitofish are not only bigger than the males, they have bigger impacts on freshwater ecosystems.
Carbon canopy
A new study documents that trees play a minor role in offsetting carbon emissions in urban areas.
Professor Satinder Brar, key guest speaker at Solid Waste Management and Green Economy
Professor Satinder Kaur Brar of the Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre at INRS is the only Quebec fellow of the College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists of the Royal Society of Canada invited to the international expert workshop Solid Waste Management and Green Economy to be held Oct.
Study finds more tunnels in ant nests means more food for colony
A UC San Diego study of the underground 'architecture' of harvester ant nests has found that the more connected the chambers an ant colony builds near the surface entrance, the faster the ants are able to collect nearby sources of food.
Study provides more precise estimates of cancer risks associated with low level radiation
More precise estimates of cancer risks associated with prolonged, low level exposure to ionising radiation among nuclear industry workers are published by The BMJ today.
How stereotypes hurt
Warning: Stereotypes may be harmful to patients' health. A national study led by a USC researcher found people who encountered the threat of being judged by negative stereotypes related to weight, age, race, gender, or social class in health care settings were more likely to have hypertension, be depressed, and to rate their own health more poorly.
NSF announces new research traineeship awards
The National Science Foundation is pleased to announce 24 new awardees for the NSF Research Traineeship program, designed to encourage the development and implementation of bold, new, potentially transformative models for graduate education in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
Mother-of-pearl's genesis identified in mineral's transformation
How nacre, or mother-of-pearl, is first deposited by the animals that make it has eluded discovery despite decades of scientific inquiry.
Formation of coastal sea ice in North Pacific drives ocean circulation and climate
An unprecedented analysis of North Pacific ocean circulation over the past 1.2 million years has found that sea ice formation in coastal regions is a key driver of deep ocean circulation, influencing climate on regional and global scales.
Sunscreen is proven toxic to coral reefs
Tel Aviv University researchers have discovered that a chemical found in most sunscreen lotions poses an existential threat to young corals, posing a major danger to the marine environment.
Surprising source for ancient life biomarker found
The finding means scientists will have to reevaluate their views about ancient organisms and ecosystems.

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