Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 29, 2015
Transplanted human umbilical cord blood cells may offer therapy for Alzheimer's sufferers
Researchers injected human umbilical cord blood cells into mice modeled with Alzheimer's disease to investigate how the cells were distributed and retained in tissues, including the brain.

Targeted therapy for gastric cancer possible
Gastric cancer, otherwise known as stomach cancer, responds poorly to existing treatments and is the third leading cause of cancer death in the world.

How to make Web advertising more effective
Every day, users are bombarded with animated ads across the Web, and companies fight to cut through the clutter.

Using Google Street View to assess the engineering impact of natural disasters
Photographs from Google Street View before and after a major natural disaster could help researchers and civil engineers to assess the damage to buildings and improve resistance against future events, according to new research from the University of Southampton.

Rates of kidney failure due to blood cancer are declining
The incidence of kidney failure from multiple myeloma decreased by about 20 percent from 2001-2002 to 2009-2010.

Detection of proteins: We know how to build better locks for chemical keys
It will be increasingly difficult for protein molecules to remain anonymous, and increasingly easy for doctors and patients to detect the early stages of latent diseases.

New design points a path to the 'ultimate' battery
Researchers have successfully demonstrated how several of the problems impeding the practical development of the so-called 'ultimate' battery could be overcome.

Caught in the act: New wasp species emerging
A new study from biologists at Rice University, the University of Notre Dame, Michigan State University, the University of Iowa and the University of Florida finds that recent evolutionary changes for the fruit fly known as the 'apple maggot' is having a domino effect on three predatory wasp species.

Wistar scientists show how frequently mutated prostate cancer gene suppresses tumors
New research from The Wistar Institute has found how SPOP, a gene frequently mutated in prostate cancer, is able to halt tumors by inducing senescence, a state of stable cell cycle arrest, which means that the cells have stopped dividing and growing.

UW scientists are the first to simulate 3-D exotic clouds on an exoplanet
A nearby exoplanet has an atmosphere that might be similar to Earth's before life evolved.

Carnegie Mellon fur-bricates hair with inexpensive 3-D printer
3-D printers typically produce hard plastic objects, but researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have found a way to produce hair-like strands, fibers and bristles using a common, low-cost printer.

There might be ways to exploit renewable energy and also allow for protecting biodiversity
Global expansion of bioenergy possesses serious threats to biodiversity, whereas solar energy could have potential for power provision with limited impacts on biodiversity.

Northeastern researchers unlock details of Uber's surge pricing
New research, led by Christo Wilson, assistant professor in the College of Computer and Information Science, unlocks details behind the algorithm that drives this surge pricing.

$5.8 million NIH contract to Saint Louis University to fund 'omics' research
Saint Louis University's Vaccine Center is one of two sites in the nation selected by the NIH to conduct omics research on infectious diseases.

'Superhero' microbiome bacteria protect against deadly symptoms during infection
A Salk team found E. coli in microbiome capable of protecting the body from infectious diseases, which may help prevent antibiotic-resistant superbugs.

Towards a safe and efficient SARS-coronavirus vaccine: Mechanism and prevention of genetic instability of a live attenuated virus
Live attenuated (weakened) viral vaccines are considered safe so long as their 'reversal' to a virulent (or disease-causing) virus is prevented.

Researchers advance understanding of mountain watersheds
Scientists may be able to predict the distribution of pore space in the subsurface of mountain watersheds by looking at the state of stress in the earth's crust.

Beyond the temples, ancient bones reveal the lives of the Mayan working class
Most of what we know about Mayan civilization relates to kings, queens and their elaborate temples.

Newly developed cell transplantation delivery method could treat traumatic brain injury
After laboratory animals were modeled with Traumatic Brain Injury, researchers successfully directed human neural progenitor cells to their injured brain areas by labeling the cells with iron-oxide 'superparamagnetic nanoparticles' and guiding them to the site of injury using a magnetic field.

New enzyme therapy shows proof of concept as treatment for cocaine overdose
A long-acting enzyme that rapidly and safely metabolizes cocaine in the blood stream is currently being investigated in animal models as a possible treatment for cocaine overdose.

Transitional species of duckbilled dinosaurs illuminate relationship between evolution & growth
The discovery of two new transitional species is helping reveal the pattern of evolution in duckbilled dinosaurs, providing key insight into the intricate relationship between changes during growth and the evolution of elaborate display structures.

Researchers discover new way to measure if a person is pre-diabetic
This discovery by University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researchers may allow physicians to warn patients years before the onset of diabetes, therefore allowing them to change their lifestyle patterns potentially avoiding the diagnosis of a chronic disease.

Unraveling the mysteries of 2 ancient parasites
A new discovery suggests why one relationship evolved in appearance and how one parasite turned more aggressive but also protective toward its host over millions of years.

Study: Count your bites; count down the pounds
A new health study found people who counted bites over a month's time lost roughly four pounds -- just about what the CDC recommends for 'healthy' weight loss.

Raising the standard: Communities, forests and carbon management
Researchers believe a world-first standard for the good governance of forest projects in Nepal has global implications for wherever the forest sector and local communities are drawn together.

The secret of resistance: Shattering into a thousand pieces
A new study and a project investigates 'bioinspired' materials.

Water-treatment plants are not supposed to harm the functioning of river ecosystems
When a river receives waste water from a treatment plant, the plant's efficiency is revealed.

NOAA report finds the 2014 commercial catch of US seafood on par with 2013
America's commercial and recreational fisheries show continued stability and make a large contribution to the nation's economy thanks to sustainable fisheries management policies, according to a new report from NOAA Fisheries.

Technique for analyzing bedrock could help builders, planners identify safe building zones
The thin layer of bedrock below the Earth's surface is the foundation for all life on land.

Receptors: It takes a dimer to bind
OIST's Prof. Ichiro Maruyama proposes a revolutionary new receptor model.

Early life stress and adolescent depression cause impaired development of reward circuits
Early life stress is a major risk factor for later episodes of depression.

People with MS may be more physically fit than tests indicate, study finds
Conventional methods of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength among people with multiple sclerosis may underestimate participants' capabilities, prompting clinicians to prescribe exercise therapies that are less effective than they could be, according to new research by scientists at the University of Illinois.

Molecular switch generates calorie-burning brown fat
A research team led by UC San Francisco scientists has identified a molecular switch capable of converting unhealthy white fat into healthy, energy-burning brown fat in mice.

Stanford researchers identify potential security hole in genomic data sharing network
Hackers with access to a person's genome might find out if that genome is in an international network of disease databases.

Achilles tendon ruptures missed in 1 of 4 cases, but surgery not needed for most
Achilles tendon disorders are common and often misdiagnosed, with about 25 percent of ruptures missed during initial examination, but the prognosis is favorable for the vast majority of patients, according to researchers from Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine and the Rothman Institute of Jefferson Medical College.

Study: Volkswagen's emissions cheat to cause 60 premature deaths in US
According to the study, conducted by researchers at MIT and Harvard University, excess emissions from Volkswagen's defeat devices will cause around 60 people in the US to die 10 to 20 years prematurely.

Study led by Temple researchers showcases potential new oral treatment for IBD
For patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the possibility of taking one pill to bring long-lasting relief might seem too good to be true.

New England cod collapse linked to warming waters
Rapid warming in the Gulf of Maine helps explain why New England's cod stocks are on the verge of collapse despite cuts to fishery activity, reports a new study.

Factor found to balance medically useful stem cell qualities
A key protein controls stem cell properties that could make them more useful in regenerative medicine, according to a study led by Mount Sinai researchers and published online today in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

'Ensemble' modeling could lead to better flu forecasts, study finds
By combining data from a variety of non-traditional sources, a research team led by computational epidemiologists at Boston Children's Hospital has developed predictive models of flu-like activity that provide robust real-time estimates (aka 'now-casts') of flu activity and accurate forecasts of flu-like illness levels up to three weeks into the future.

New study uncovers the underlying causes of Delhi's air pollution problems
A new study 'Air Pollution Challenges for developing megacities like Delhi' published today in Atmospheric Environment has described how Delhi suffers a toxic blend of geography, growth, poor energy sources and unfavorable weather that perpetuates and propagates its dangerously high levels of air pollution.

Unique feeding mechanism among marine reptiles from the age of dinosaurs
Among the many groups of marine reptiles from the Age of Dinosaurs, elasmosaurs are famous for their necks, which can have up to 76 vertebrae and make up more than half the total length of the animal.

300 million-year-old 'supershark' fossils found in Texas
Even before the age of dinosaurs, big toothy predators were roaming Texas.

What's done in the lab applies in the field, econ study shows
Lab-based estimates of how worker productivity rubs off on peers are very similar to results from the field, a new report shows.

Splicing alterations that cause resistance to CD19 CAR T-cell therapy identified
Resistance to CD19 CAR T-cell therapy, a type of immunotherapy that yields long-lasting remissions in many patients with B-cell leukemia, can be caused by CD19 splicing alterations, leading to loss of certain parts of the CD19 protein that are recognized by the CAR T cells.

Annual Antarctic ozone hole larger and formed later in 2015
The 2015 Antarctic ozone hole area was larger and formed later than in recent years, said scientists from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

It's a Tyrannosaur-eat-Tyrannosaur world
A nasty little 66-million-year-old family secret has been leaked by a recently unearthed tyrannosaur bone.

Did Dust Bowl's ravages end in the 1940s? New study says no
A recent study led by the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Goodrich Chair of Excellence Thanos Papanicolaou could very well change the way we view the health of our nation's soil, even potentially altering history books.

Satellites shed light on Greenland Ice Sheet response to warming
Parts of Greenland's ice sheet have been found to be less vulnerable to climate warming than was thought -- a discovery that could have a small but beneficial impact on sea level forecasts.

New ORNL catalyst features unsurpassed selectivity
Catalysts that power chemical reactions to produce the nylon used in clothing, cookware, machinery and electronics could get a lift with a new formulation that saves time, energy and natural resources.

Self-esteem not correlated with number of years younger patients look after face-lift
Patient self-esteem measures appear to be unconnected to a positive outcome after face-lift surgery because patients felt they looked almost nine years younger but there was no change in self-esteem, according to an article published by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

Wimps or warriors? Honey bee larvae absorb the social culture of the hive, study finds
Even as larvae, honey bees are tuned in to the social culture of the hive, becoming more or less aggressive depending on who raises them, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports.

Are embryonic stem cells and artificial stem cells equivalent?
Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School have found new evidence suggesting some human induced pluripotent stem cells are the 'functional equivalent' of human embryonic stem cells, a finding that may begin to settle a long running argument.

No need to stop antidepressants before plastic surgery, evidence suggests
For patients undergoing plastic surgery procedures, there's no consistent evidence that taking antidepressants increases the risk of bleeding, breast cancer, or other adverse outcomes, concludes a research review in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Farming on Mars? The Martian raises questions about soil
In the recent sci-fi hit, The Martian, the main character, astronaut Mark Watney (played by Matt Damon), manages to grow potatoes on the planet with a mix of ingenuity, science, and a bit of Hollywood make-believe.

MD Anderson's moon shots mission grows to confront six more cancer types
MD Anderson's Moon Shots Program, an unprecedented effort and novel organizational model designed to more rapidly convert scientific discoveries into life-saving advances, has expanded its targets, adding several of the most intractable cancers to its campaign.

UTMB study finds obese pregnant women who lose weight save money, have healthier newborns
A recent study conducted by The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston shows that severely obese women who maintained or lost weight during pregnancy had healthier babies and lower health care costs.

Making cars of the future stronger, using less energy
Researchers have discovered a new welding technology that welds light, high-tech alloys once considered un-weldable -- alloys that the auto industry would like to start building into light, fuel-efficient cars.

Key findings to develop a vaccine against Toxoplasma
A group of researchers led by Masahiro Yamamoto, Professor at Research Institute for Microbial Diseases and the Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University found that p62, a host molecule, played an important role in exerting immune effects of an experimental pathogenic parasite toxoplasma-inactivated vaccine.

Possible new explanation for ALS
University of Toronto (U of T) researchers are proposing a new way of understanding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), the devastating and incurable neurological disease.

The cell membrane winds up like a watch
Cell membranes are very elastic. They can become distorted when they are asked to do so, when the cell divides, or when a virus detaches itself from the cell.

UTA, Ohio State partner to better understand and treat muscle loss
Scientists with The University of Texas at Arlington and Ohio State University have won a rare National Institute on Aging grant to research the molecular mechanisms of muscle aging that can lead to muscle loss and weakness.

Studies raise questions about impact of statins on flu vaccination in seniors
A new pair of studies suggests that statins, drugs widely used to reduce cholesterol, may have a detrimental effect on the immune response to influenza vaccine and the vaccine's effectiveness at preventing serious illness in older adults.

Mummified seals reveal ecological impact of ice change
Scientists are using the mummified remains of seals freeze-dried in Antarctica to examine the long-term effects of changing ice patterns on marine mammal ecology.

Hair-GEL online tool gives bird's eye view of hair follicle formation
Mount Sinai researchers create a resource to help uncover the molecular controls that generate skin and hair.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Large meta-analysis finds low-fat diets ineffective for achieving long-term weight loss
Low-fat diets do not lead to greater weight loss in the long term compared to higher-fat diets (e.g.,, low-carbohydrate or Mediterranean diets) of similar intensity, according to a large meta-analysis involving more than 68,000 adults, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.

A new study of fossil bone growth reveals the ancestry of mammalian 'warm-bloodedness'
'Warm-bloodedness', a characteristic of mammals, is a trait encompassing a suite of physiological processes that helps to maintain a relatively high, constant body temperature.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Chapala developing an eye
Tropical Cyclone Chapala developed in the Arabian Sea on Oct.

Treatment for chronic sinus infection that may help maintain productivity
Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (sinus infection) who decided to continue medical therapy rather than undergo surgery had little change in productivity, with results suggesting that medical therapy may help these patients maintain their level of productivity, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Nuclear membrane repairs the 'dark matter' of DNA
The nuclear membrane isn't just a protective case around the nucleus -- it actually repairs catastrophically broken DNA strands.

An enhanced lithium-air battery
Using a unique combination of materials, scientists have overcome many of the current barriers to developing lithium-air batteries, a new study reports.

Dartmouth researchers shed light on protein-related diseases
Dartmouth researchers have found that some proteins turn into liquid droplets on the way to becoming toxic solids implicated in neurodegenerative diseases and other genetic disorders.

What blocks pro-vaccine beliefs?
Despite rhetoric that pits 'anti-vaxxers' versus 'pro-vaxxers,' most new parents probably qualify as vaccine-neutral--that is, they passively accept rather than actively demand vaccination.

2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting: News media registration open; Reserve hotel room now
Nearly 4,000 attendees are expected to present the latest research findings about the world's oceans at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting being held Feb.

Who mothers mommy?
Tending to their children's needs is a tireless task that knows no schedules or time limits, but mothers dutifully do it for their family and society.

Pregnancy antibiotics no cause for concern
The four out of ten women who use antibiotics during pregnancy can breathe easy, as a comprehensive new study shows that the two most often prescribed drugs have no adverse outcome on the child's physical development.

Breaking the mold: Untangling the jelly-like properties of diseased proteins
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have identified a new property of essential proteins which, when it malfunctions, can cause the build up, or 'aggregation', of misshaped proteins and lead to serious diseases.

Improving risk-cost-benefit analysis
The effects of new technologies and discoveries -- from nuclear power to medical treatments -- often must be inferred long before they are experienced, forcing policymakers to rely on risk, cost and benefit analyses when deciding whether to use them.

'Tummy tuck' complications -- Study looks at rates and risk factors
Abdominoplasty -- sometimes called 'tummy tuck' -- has a higher risk of major complications than other cosmetic plastic surgery procedures, reports a study in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

HIV/AIDS deaths are down in South Africa -- But most are still unacknowledged
After peaking in 2007, AIDS mortality in South Africa has decreased with the widespread introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy, according to updated estimates published in AIDS, official journal of the International AIDS Society.

New study: Warming waters a major factor in the collapse of New England cod
Today, cod stocks are on the verge of collapse, hovering at 3-4 percent of sustainable levels.

Male/female brain differences? Big data says not so much
A research study at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science has debunked the widely-held belief that the hippocampus, a crucial part of the brain that consolidates new memories and helps connect emotions to the senses, is larger in females than in males.

Virginia Tech chickens help reveal that evolution moves quicker than previously thought
A critical component of an experiment that proved evolution happens 15 times faster than was previously believed relied upon genetic lines of chickens from Virginia Tech.

Fire severity in southwestern Colorado unaffected by spruce beetle outbreak
Contrary to expectations that spruce beetle infestations increase the severity of wildfires in southwestern Colorado, a new study led by University of Colorado Boulder researchers has found that this native insect may not be to blame after all.

Fossil could redefine evolutionary split between monkeys and apes
It is currently believed that great apes, including humans, diverged from small-bodied apes roughly 17 million years ago, but analysis of a younger fossil that has features of both groups may reshape our understanding of this evolutionary path.

Researchers find universality in protein locality
A team of researchers has mapped out a universal dynamic that explains the production and distribution of proteins in a cell, a process that varies in detail from protein to protein and cell to cell, but that always results in the same statistical pattern.

PhD Comics author to speak to scientists
Jorge Cham, creator of PhD Comics and the Piled Higher and Deeper movies, will be presenting a lecture with the same name on Wednesday, Nov.

Reinvent universities in Muslim world to transform societies through scientific excellence: Report
A task force of international experts today released a report on the state of science at universities in the Muslim world as well as a commentary in the journal Nature detailing their findings and recommendations.

Space station investigation goes with the flow
The investigation's success could help scientists develop countermeasures that will influence the future of human spaceflight on long-duration missions.

Spinning out? What you're able to take with you to your new company will determine how well you do
To 'spin out,' you better have a big team with lots of experience.

Using superlatives in the media for cancer drugs
The use of superlatives to describe cancer drugs in news articles as 'breakthrough,' 'revolutionary,' 'miracle' or in other grandiose terms was common even when drugs were not yet approved, had no clinical data or not yet shown overall survival benefits, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

The key to drilling wells with staying power in the developing world
Study published in Water Resources Research finds model of local water committees and usage fees results in nearly 80 percent of wells remaining in use after two decades.

Single-agent phototherapy system offers significant new tool to fight cancer
Researchers today announced an important advance in the field of cancer imaging and phototherapy, using a single-agent system that may ultimately change the efficacy of cancer surgery and treatment around the world.

Streamlined import of specimen & occurrence records into taxonomic manuscripts
Substantial amount of documented occurrence (specimen and observational) records is awaiting publication stored in repositories and data indexing platforms, such as GBIF, BOLD systems, and iDigBio.

Spirals in dust around young stars may betray presence of massive planets
A team of astronomers is proposing that huge spiral patterns seen around some newborn stars, merely a few million years old (about one percent our sun's age), may be evidence for the presence of giant unseen planets.

Low-fat diet not most effective in long-term weight loss
The effectiveness of low-fat diet on weight-loss has been debated for decades, and hundreds of randomized clinical trials aimed at evaluating this issue have been conducted with mixed results.

Extinct ape species resets the scale on humans' ancestors
A team of researchers from the George Washington University and the Institut CatalĂ  de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont identified a new genus and species of small ape that existed before the evolutionary split of humans/great apes (hominids) and gibbons (the 'lesser apes' or hylobatids).

'Ensemble' modeling could lead to better flu forecasts
By combining data from a variety of non-traditional sources, a research team led by computational epidemiologists at Boston Children's Hospital has developed predictive models of flu-like activity that provide robust real-time estimates (a.k.a.

TSRI study suggests tumors may 'seed' cancer metastases earlier than expected
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute helps explain why cancer metastasis is so hard to stop.

Taking cholesterol medication before aneurysm repair improves outcomes
Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most dramatic medical emergencies a person can face.

Cleveland Clinic researchers discover new thyroid cancer gene
Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered a new gene associated with Cowden syndrome, an inherited condition that carries high risks of thyroid, breast, and other cancers, and a subset of non-inherited thyroid cancers, as published today in the online version of the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Breast cancer becoming as common among African-American women as among white women
Breast Cancer Statistics, 2015 finds rates among African-American women in the United States have continued to increase, converging with rates among white women and closing a gap that had existed for decades.

A new primate species at the root of the tree of extant hominoids
Researchers from the 'Institut CatalĂ  de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont' have described the new genus and species, Pliobates cataloniae, based on a skeleton recovered from the landfill of Can Mata (Catalonia, NE Spain).

Computer-based modeling improves outcomes for infants in drug withdrawal
Computer-based modeling is helping to further reduce length of hospital stay and duration of treatment with opioids that are used therapeutically to wean babies born in withdrawal from drugs their mothers have taken.

New finding will help target MS immune response
Researchers have made another important step in the progress towards being able to block the development of multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases.

UC San Diego unveils campus-wide microbiome and microbial sciences initiative
University of California, San Diego Chancellor Pradeep K. Khosla announces the launch of the UC San Diego Microbiome and Microbial Sciences Initiative, a concerted research and education effort that leverages the university's strengths in science, medicine, engineering and the humanities to produce a detailed understanding of microbiomes -- distinct constellations of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms that live within and around us -- and methods for manipulating them for the benefit of human health and the environment.

Kenneth Prewitt selected as the 2015 SAGE-CASBS Award recipient
SAGE and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University are delighted to announce that Dr.

Follow your heart as you pursue your career
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that young people with strong callings are more likely to take risks, persist, and ultimately get jobs in their chosen fields, satisfying both their personal and professional career needs.

New imaging method poised to reduce risk in gallbladder removal surgery
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder removal has a very high success rate but 1 in 200 patients will sustain serious injury.

To scratch an itch is a hairy problem
Salk researchers have shed light on why light brushing movements on our hairy skin make us scratch.

Immunotherapy for pancreatic cancer boosts survival by more than 75 percent in mice
A new study in mice by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that a specialized type of immunotherapy -- even when used without chemotherapy or radiation -- can boost survival from pancreatic cancer, a nearly almost-lethal disease, by more than 75 percent.

New concepts emerge for generating clean, inexpensive fuel from water
An inexpensive method for generating clean fuel is the modern-day equivalent of the philosopher's stone.

Gut bacteria could be blamed for obesity and diabetes
An excess of bacteria in the gut can change the way the liver processes fat and could lead to the development of metabolic syndrome, according to health researchers.

Low testosterone, men's empathy can determine parenting skills
As they age, men often get concerned about their testosterone levels dropping.

Researchers model birth of universe in one of largest cosmological simulations ever run
Researchers are sifting through an avalanche of data produced by one of the largest cosmological simulations ever performed, led by scientists at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory.

Novel nanoparticles for image-guided phototherapy could improve ovarian cancer treatments
Scientists are investigating a biodegradable nanomedicine that can selectively destroy ovarian cancer cells left behind after surgery.

A vaccine candidate that supports immunity where it matters most
One virus creates a long-lived immune reaction in parts of our bodies that serve as our first line of defense against infections, making it a strong candidate for a variety of vaccines.

Bright idea for lowlight photography
Anyone who's taken a picture of birthday candles being blown out or a selfie during a romantic candlelit dinner knows how disappointing it is when the photo comes out dark and grainy.

Warming waters contributed to the collapse of New England's cod fishery
For centuries, cod were the backbone of New England's fisheries and a key species in the Gulf of Maine ecosystem.

Florida Atlantic University and Max Planck Society sign innovative agreement
Florida Atlantic University, the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and the Max Planck Society based in Germany, have signed an innovative agreement to facilitate a research and education program that will recruit promising scientists to MPFI and FAU.

Regular physical activity protects against depression after heartattack
Researchers studied whether pattern of leisure time physical activity among prior to being hospitalized with first heart attack was associated with level of depressive symptoms after the initial heart attack.

UTMB researchers help discover simple, affordable diagnostic kit for chikungunya
A novel and affordable diagnostic test for chikungunya will soon be available thanks to the work of researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston in partnership with a commercial lab.

Virginia Tech study of basic cell processes may inform health, synthetic biology efforts
The study has implications for cancer research, as scientists try to understand how cells avoid errors that promote cancer development.

'This solar system isn't big enough for the both of us.' -- Jupiter
It's like something out of an interplanetary chess game. Astrophysicists at the University of Toronto have found that a close encounter with Jupiter about four billion years ago may have resulted in another planet's ejection from the Solar System altogether.

Elsevier selected as publisher for The AWHONN
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, and The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) have announced that Elsevier will publish AWHONN's official publications, Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN) and Nursing for Women's Health (NWH), beginning with the 2016 volumes.

Pixelated plants shed light on cell size control
Research carried out at the John Innes Centre has shown that the stem cells that sustain plant growth actively control their size and that this process is important for the correct development of organs such as flowers.

Study spells out why some insects kill their mothers
Among social insects, why does it pay for workers to help the queen in some situations but then also pay to kill her in others?

Long-term aerobic exercise prevents age-related brain changes
A study of the brains of mice shows that structural deterioration associated with old age can be prevented by long-term aerobic exercise starting in mid-life, according to research publishing in PLOS Biology on Oct.

Battery mystery solved: Microscopy answers longstanding questions about lithium-rich transition metal oxides
Using complementary microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) say they have solved the structure of lithium- and manganese-rich transition metal oxides, a potentially game-changing battery material and the subject of intense debate in the decade since it was discovered.

Allergy is the price we pay for our immunity to parasites
New findings, published in PLOS Computational Biology, help demonstrate the evolutionary basis for allergy.

New system giving SMAP scientists the speed they need
For scientists now studying the voluminous amounts of data collected daily by NASA's Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission, speed is everything.

NIH researchers link single gene variation to obesity
A single variation in the gene for brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) may influence obesity in children and adults, according to a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Mammal body-size responds to climate change in ancient Wyoming
Evidence from fossils suggests that multiple global warming events, which occurred over 50 million years ago, impacted the evolution of mammals living in ancient Wyoming.

NIH selects VARI's Biorepository as an integral player in large-scale cancer study
Van Andel Research Institute's Biorepository has been selected as a Biospecimen Core Resource by the National Institutes of Health in a federal project aimed at better understanding the molecular basis of cancer.

New class of DNA repair enzyme discovered
A new class of DNA repair enzyme has been discovered which demonstrates that a much broader range of damage can be removed from the double helix in ways that biologists did not think were possible.

Researchers identify association between reproductive factors and risk of death
Reproductive factors in women, such as a later starting age of menstruation, having children, breastfeeding and use of oral contraceptives, are associated with a reduced risk of death, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

The most vulnerable countries miss out on climate change knowledge
Collaborations on climate change research are divided into separate regions of the world with little knowledge exchange between them shows a Danish-Brazilian study led by the University of Copenhagen.

Personal interests pivotal for identification with Europe
What is the decisive factor for identification with Europe? Contact with people from European countries plays a more minor role, as a study conducted by the Institute of Sociology at the University of Zurich reveals.

Exercise could give margin of safety to women who want to delay preventive mastectomy
Regular physical activity could play a role in helping women at high-risk of breast cancer delay the need for drastic preventive measures such as mastectomy.

New insight into how neurons regulate their activity
Work by researchers from the MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, has found that AIS plasticity can happen quickly, influencing the way cells fire action potentials.

Study predicts bedrock weathering based on topography
Scientists at MIT, the University of Wyoming, and elsewhere have found a way to predict the spatial extent of bedrock weathering, given a location's topography.

Babe Ruth and earthquake hazard maps
Northwestern University researchers have turned to an unusual source -- Major League Baseball -- to help learn why maps used to predict shaking in future earthquakes often do poorly.

Clemson researchers and IT scientists team up to tackle Big Data
Where should Big Data be stored and shared in a cost-effective manner? is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to