Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2015
Some like it hot: Moth and butterfly species respond differently to climate change
New research led by ecologists at the University of York shows that certain species of moths and butterflies are becoming more common, and others rarer, as species differ in how they respond to climate change.

Treatment of severe acne hampered by antibiotic overuse and delays in prescribing more potent medication
A medical records analysis by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center concludes that physicians who treat severe acne leave too many patients on ineffective antibiotics for far too long before prescribing more potent needed therapy with the medication isotretinoin, sometimes known by its former brand name Accutane.

BTI receives grant to support development of cold-tolerant corn
BTI researchers have received a USDA grant to explore the effects of increasing the levels of certain photosynthetic enzymes in corn.

Working memory: Underlying processes are more complex than we thought
In order to retain a piece of information for a short time, working memory is required.

The lying game
Investigative psychology lecturer Dr. Chris Street is making breakthroughs that are leading towards a clearer understanding of how humans tell lies and how their deceptions can be detected.

New metal alloy could yield green cooling technologies
A promising metal alloy system could lead to commercially viable magnetic refrigerants and environmentally friendly cooling technologies, according to a scientist at Rochester Institute of Technology.

ORNL tires-to-carbon technology licensed to RJ Lee Group
RJ Lee Group has signed an agreement to license an invention developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that converts waste rubber into a valuable energy storage material.

Biologist professor Dr. Michael Brand receives €2.5 million ERC Advanced Research Grant
Michael Brand, Professor and Founding Director of the DFG Research Center and Cluster of Excellence for Regenerative Therapies Dresden at TU Dresden, was awarded an Advanced Research Grant from the European Research Council, which will provide 2.5 million Euros over five years to support his groundbreaking research on brain regeneration.

Arctic snow not darkening due to soot, dust, Dartmouth-led study finds
A new Dartmouth-led study shows that degrading satellite sensors, not soot or dust, are responsible for the apparent decline in reflectivity of inland ice across northern Greenland.

Pulse oximetry screening in newborns: Hint of benefit for critical congenital heart defect
Adding pulse oximetry screening to the two paediatric screening examinations U1 and U2 decreases the diagnostic gap: more critical congenital heart defects are detected.

Research shows Cuba's Internet issues
Measurements find that Internet traffic bypasses the faster marine cable in at least one direction to or from the island, making connections three-and-a-half times slower.

Prestigious NIH award fuels research on human clearance of drugs, foreign chemicals
Emily Scott's research focuses on a large family of proteins called 'cytochrome P450s' that are embedded in cell membranes, where they perform the first and most critical step in removing foreign chemicals from the body.

Sleep interruptions worse for mood than overall reduced amount of sleep, study finds
A study led by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers suggests that awakening several times throughout the night is more detrimental to people's positive moods than getting the same shortened amount of sleep without interruption.

Solving 80-year-old mystery, chemist discovers way to isolate single-crystal ice surfaces
A Tufts University chemist has discovered a way to select specific surfaces of single-crystal ice for study, a long-sought breakthrough that could help researchers answer essential questions about climate and the environment.

BMJ launches online publishing portal in Mandarin Chinese
BMJ -- one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers -- has launched an online publishing portal in China that brings together information and resources to support doctors, researchers and clinicians.

Online services in the EU: Both local and global, with the US as the dominant supplier
Online services in the EU are highly fragmented: Europeans surf mostly on US-based websites which account for about 54 percent of online activity, while activity on EU-based websites accounts for 42 percent, according to a new JRC report.

Secure wireless key distribution verified within a real outdoor environment
The experiments conducted by the Department of Radio Physics can be considered as the first experimental verification of secure Wireless Key Distribution by observing random variations from the fluctuations of carrier phase of the received signal between two legitimate nodes with a common multipath channel placed into the moving cars within a real outdoor environment.

Divorce rate doesn't go up as families of children with disabilities grow
Couples raising a child with developmental disabilities do not face a higher risk of divorce if they have larger families, according to a new study by researchers from the Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

New study finds that everyday activities empower young people in care
Report reveals how everyday activities such as playing with pets, going shopping or swimming help youngsters in care.

Tumor RNA in platelets may diagnose and classify cancer, identify treatment strategies
Analysis of tumor RNA carried in platelets - blood components best known for their role in clotting -- may prove to be more useful than other 'liquid biopsy' technologies for diagnosing cancer and determining its primary location and potential therapeutic approaches.

Mummies, ghosts and vampires: A 'Spooking' of Chemistry special (video)
Mummies, ghosts and vampires are three Halloween topics that can make your hair stand on end.

'Everything in moderation' diet advice may lead to poor metabolic health in US adults
Diet diversity, as defined by less similarity among the foods people eat, may be linked to lower diet quality and worse metabolic health, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

Disney Researchers use multigrid method to dramatically speed up cloth simulation
Simulating the behavior of clothing and other fabrics in animated films requires animators to make tradeoffs between a realistic look and a reasonable amount of computing time.

Reptile pets
Reptiles are becoming increasingly popular as pets. The number of reptile pets, such as lizards, turtles and snakes, has doubled in the past ten years.

New technique could prevent biofilms on catheters and medical implants
Biofilms -- mats of bacteria similar to the plaque that grows on teeth -- frequently coat the surfaces of catheters, and of various medical implants and prostheses, where they can threaten lives or lead to failure of the implants.

NASA analyzes powerful Cyclone Chapala's rainfall over the Arabian Sea
NASA satellites have been providing data on powerful Tropical Cyclone Chapala as it continued strengthening in the Arabian Sea.

Test bed advances Washington state as hotbed of energy innovation
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Washington State University and the University of Washington are teaming develop and test transaction-based controls where buildings and equipment 'speak' to each other to better manage energy use to save energy, money and be responsive to the needs of the power grid.

Everglades' alligator numbers drop after dry years
Alligators and the Everglades go hand-in-hand, and as water conditions change in the greater Everglades ecosystem, gators are one of the key species that could be affected.

The Miriam Hospital recruiting for clinical trial of device to treat heart failure
The Miriam Hospital is actively recruiting local participants for a US clinical trial of the Parachute device for treating heart failure.

New computational strategy finds brain tumor-shrinking molecules
Patients with glioblastoma, a type of malignant brain tumor, usually survive fewer than 15 months following diagnosis.

NUS scientists developed super sensitive magnetic sensor
Researchers from the National University of Singapore have developed a new hybrid magnetic sensor that is more sensitive than most commercially available sensors.

2015 AIP children's writing awards go to Agnieszka Biskup, Tammy Enz and Dia L. Michels
AIP has named three winners for this year's Science Writing Awards in the Writing for Children category for works on the science behind a superhero and the solution to a kids' mystery: Agnieszka Biskup and Tammy Enz will receive the prize for Batman Science: The Real-world Science Behind Batman's Gear, from Capstone Young Readers, and Dia L.

Stool DNA test accurate in screening for colorectal cancer in Alaska Native people
Cologuard stool DNA testing for colorectal cancer was found to be an accurate noninvasive screening option for Alaska Native people, a population with one of world's highest rates of colorectal cancer, concluded researchers from the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium and Mayo Clinic.

Genetics of cancer cells: Computational models to sort out the chaos
Scientists of the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine of the University of Luxembourg have developed a method for analysing the genome of cancer cells more precisely than ever before.

Australian scientists design a full-scale architecture for a quantum computer in silicon
Researchers based at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology have designed a full-scale architecture for a quantum computer in silicon.

Patients with psychosis and addiction: Disorder-specific treatment can help
People with psychosis often develop an addiction disorder. Patients with a dual diagnosis mostly have a poorer prognosis, and their disorder often becomes chronic.

UT study: Lack of ZZZZs may zap cell growth, brain activity
Lack of adequate sleep can do more than just make you tired.

NASA study: Mass gains of Antarctic Ice Sheet greater than losses
A new NASA study says that an increase in Antarctic snow accumulation that began 10,000 years ago is currently adding enough ice to the continent to outweigh the increased losses from its thinning glaciers.

Results of the Rosetta mission before perihelion
Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing a special feature of 46 articles that present the results obtained by the Rosetta mission before the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko reached its perihelion.

Extreme weather events in Chesapeake Bay give clues for future climate impacts
For the millions of people who live in its expansive coastal areas, Chesapeake Bay provides an important source of income and recreational enjoyment.

Kids meals, toys, and TV advertising: A triple threat to child health
Fast food companies advertise children's meals on TV with ads that feature toy premiums, and it has been suggested that the use of these toy premiums may prompt children to request eating at fast food restaurants.

A Prkci gene keeps stem cells in check
When it comes to stem cells, too much of a good thing isn't wonderful: producing too many new stem cells may lead to cancer; producing too few inhibits the repair and maintenance of the body.

Disney Researchers invent automated method for designing 3-D-printable connectors
Want to mount a smartphone on your car's dashboard? On the arm of a chair?

UW-Madison engineers reveal record-setting flexible phototransistor
Inspired by mammals' eyes, University of Wisconsin-Madison electrical engineers have created the fastest, most responsive flexible silicon phototransistor ever made.

Tug of war among bacteria
As hide-outs for bacteria, biofilms cause problems for antibiotic treatment or the cleaning of medical tubes.

ASTMH honors Dr. Jonathan Kurtis for distinguished work in tropical medicine
Jonathan D. Kurtis, M.D., Ph.D., of Providence, R.I., was awarded the Bailey K.

Forget counting sheep -- Therapy could help chronic pain sufferers get a good night's sleep
Research conducted at the University of Warwick indicates that chronic pain sufferers could benefit from therapy to help them sleep better.

Long distance love affair
What people believe they want and what they might actually prefer are not always the same thing.

Penn study blocks Ebola virus budding by regulating calcium signaling
A new study led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine showed that blocking a calcium-signaling pathway could inhibit not only the Ebola virus, but also Marburg, Lassa and Junin viruses, all sources of deadly infections.

Chemical complexity promises improved structural alloys for next-gen nuclear energy
Designing alloys to withstand extreme environments is a fundamental challenge for materials scientists.

Regenerative grazing may improve soil health
Targeted or regenerated grazing techniques achieve healthier pastures, as has been shown by the Basque Institute of Agricultural Research and Development, Neiker-Tecnalia, together with the Navarrese Institute of Agrifood Technologies and Infrastructure, INTIA, in the European LIFE REGEN FARMING project.

Finding new worlds with a play of light and shadow
Astronomers have used many different methods to discover planets beyond the solar system, but the most successful by far is transit photometry, which measures changes in a star's brightness caused by a mini-eclipse.

Major collaborative study explores information poverty amongst young first-time mothers
Support for young first-time mothers in access to information on health, social care and education is to be explored in a study led at the University of Strathclyde.

3-D laser printing of whispering-gallery-mode microcavities
Whispering gallery mode with high-quality factors and small volumes have attracted intense interests in the past decades because of their potential applications in various research fields such as quantum information, sensing, and optoelectronics.

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 dependent nuclear entry of factor inhibiting HIF-1
Factor inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1) regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcriptional activity by hydrolyzing asparagine at the C-terminus of HIF-1α, preventing the interaction between HIF-1α and associated cofactors and leading to suppressed activation of HIF-1.

Charles Adler and Stephen Nash win 2015 AIP science writing award for books
AIP has named two winners of the 2015 Science Writing Awards for Books for separate works that each treated a complex subject with an engaging style and brought science to broad audiences: Charles Adler, for Wizards, Aliens, and Starships: Physics and Math in Fantasy and Science Fiction, from Princeton University Press; and Stephen Nash, for Virginia Climate Fever - How Global Warming Will Transform our Cities, Shorelines and Forests, from University of Virginia Press.

Simple mathematical formula models lithium-ion battery aging
Hybrid electric vehicles, cell phones, digital cameras, and the Mars Curiosity rover are just a few of the many devices that use rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

Large igneous provinces linked to extinction events
Mass extinction events are sometimes portrayed in illustrations of volcanic eruptions causing widespread destruction.

Study explores what we know about how neonicotinoids affect bees
A University of Guelph professor is part of an international team that published a second summary in as many years on the scientific evidence about the effects of neonicotinoid pesticides on bees.

Puzzle lamps attain new dimensions with Disney Research computer design tool
Puzzle lamps capture the imagination -- and the eye -- by combining identical, interlocking flat elements to create a wide range of shapes.

African lion survival may be dependent on corridor creation
Across Africa, lion populations are threatened by continued reductions in their range and associated genetic isolation.

Future Science OA awarded Database of Open Access Journals' seal of approval
Future Science OA, the inaugural gold open access journal from Future Science OA, the inaugural gold open access journal from Future Science Group, has demonstrated its quality and commitment to openness in being accepted for indexing by the Database of Open Access Journals.
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