Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2015
Columbia to lead Northeast Big Data Innovation Hub
Columbia University will lead a $1.25 million NSF-funded project to share data, tools and ideas for tackling some of the big challenges facing the northeastern United States.

TSRI team wins $1.8 million to study early events in cancer metastasis
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a grant of more than $1.8 million from the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute to investigate the molecular machinery involved in metastasis.

Penn scientists reveal 90 percent of skin-based viruses represent viral 'dark matter'
Researchers have used state-of-the-art techniques to survey the skin's virus population, or 'virome.' The study, published in the online journal mBio, reveals that most DNA viruses on healthy human skin are viral 'dark matter' that have never been described before.

Making green fuels, no fossils required
Converting solar or wind into carbon-based 'fossil' fuels might seem anything but green, but when you start with carbon dioxide -- which can be dragged out of the air -- it's as green as it gets.

Cancer cells use secret tunnels to communicate and smuggle cancer signals to their neighbors
A new discovery published in the Nov. 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal shows that cancer cells use previously unknown channels to communicate with one another and with adjacent non-cancerous cells.

Quarter of Londoners diagnosed with cancer at A&E are dead within two months
A quarter of patients diagnosed with cancer after going to London A&E departments will have died within two months, according to research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool.

New dual-purpose bioenergy, forage crop set for release by AgriLife Research next year
A downturn in the bioenergy industry has led one Texas A&M AgriLife Researcher to reach to new heights in the forage biomass arena.

Learning more about the link between PCOS and mental health
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have high levels of androgens in their blood, which has been assumed able to affect fetal development during pregnancy.

Lifestyle a risk factor for celiac disease
Celiac disease incidence has increased among Swedish children between two to 15 years.

BIDMC researchers win 2015 Dvorak Young Investigator Award
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center scientists Anders Berg, M.D., Ph.D., and David Friedman, M.D., whose research is exploring genetic changes underlying kidney disease, have been awarded the 2015 Dvorak Young Investigator Award.

Teen sex talks with parents, especially moms, associated with safer sex
Talking about sex with parents, especially mothers, had an effect on safer sex behavior among adolescents, especially girls, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Need help with your goals? Eating better may simply mean following the signs
We all pursue goals. It stands to reason that we meet our goals better when we pursue them consciously.

Selective media coverage may cause us to forget certain health facts
The health facts presented by mass media in the midst of a disease outbreak are likely to influence what we remember about the disease -- new research suggests that the same mass media coverage may also influence the facts that we forget.

Early contact with dogs linked to lower risk of asthma
A team of Swedish scientists have used national register information in more than one million Swedish children to study the association of early life contact with dogs and subsequent development of asthma.

Improvements in US diet lower premature deaths
Two new studies from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health shed light on critical dietary issues facing Americans.

IU Kelley School of Business research uncovers recipe for producing and managing star performers
While the contributions and value added by star performers can be extraordinary, companies often overlook the influence top employees can have on others.

AgriLife Researcher develops a painter's palette of winter-hardy hibiscus colors
Like an artist using the paint on a palette, Dr.

Conventional heart drug stops the progression of cancer
A common heart drug may stop the progression of angiosarcoma, a cancer of the inner lining of blood vessels, according to a study by researchers at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso.

Engineers design magnetic cell sensors
MIT engineers have designed magnetic protein nanoparticles that can be used to track cells or to monitor interactions within cells.

Trial reveals evidence of long-term benefits for people with chronic neck pain
A large scale investigation by researchers at the University of York found that the use of Alexander Technique or acupuncture can significantly relieve chronic neck pain.

Duke obesity experts in special issue on food and health
A pair of studies in the latest special issue of Health Affairs finds support for policy efforts underway in several countries to mandate healthier school meals, limit sales of super-sized sugar-sweetened beverages, and create school- or community-based physical activity opportunities.

Tissue cartography
Today's state-of-the-art optical microscopes produce voluminous three-dimensional data sets that are difficult to analyze.

What the [beep]? Infants link new communicative signals to meaning
Researchers have long known that adults can flexibly find new ways to communicate, for example, using smoke signals or Morse code to communicate at a distance, but a new Northwestern University study is the first to show that this same communicative flexibility is evident even in 6-month-olds.

Treetop leaves of tall trees store extra water
How do tall trees supply water to pinnacle leaves? A research team from the Kobe University Graduate School of Agricultural Science has discovered that the water storage tissue that they recently found in the world's tallest tree, Sequoia sempervirens, is also found in Japan's tallest trees, Cryptomeria japonica.

Scientists discover how to better map brain tumors
Scientists have discovered a protein that helps map the edge of brain tumors more clearly so they show up on magnetic resonance imaging scans, according to new research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool today.

Disk gaps don't always signal planets
When astronomers study protoplanetary disks of gas and dust that surround young stars, they sometimes spot a dark gap like the Cassini division in Saturn's rings.

Lack of exercise linked to alcohol misuse
A large-scale survey of African-American men and women found that those who rarely or never exercised had about twice the odds of abusing alcohol than those who exercised frequently, a finding that could have implications across all groups.

Study led by Temple researchers reveals new link between Down syndrome and Alzheimer's
Individuals with Down syndrome who survive into adulthood face the additional challenge of early-onset dementia, in which toxic amyloid plaques build up in the brain.

Chimpanzee language claims lost in translation, researchers conclude
Research published earlier this year claiming chimpanzees can learn each others' language is not supported, a team of scientists concludes after reviewing the study.

Sugar-coated nanoworms not for breakfast in the human immune system
Nanoparticles could aid diagnosis and treatment of diseases including cancer ... if the immune system would leave them alone.

How the Ebola scare stigmatized African immigrants in the US
The study finds similarities to how the gay community was stigmatized during the AIDS crisis in the '80s.

New study suggests fair division of chores leads to better sex life
Looking for more and better sex? If you're a man, you might consider doing the dishes once in a while.

Obese people need more vitamin E, but actually get less
A recent study suggests that obese people with metabolic syndrome face an unexpected quandary when it comes to vitamin E -- they need more than normal levels of the vitamin because their weight and other problems are causing increased oxidative stress, but those same problems actually cause their effective use of vitamin E to be reduced.

Peer-to-peer accommodation services change travel patterns in many ways
Have you ever used Airbnb or other peer-to-peer accommodation services when traveling?

Researchers show how new hydrogel can facilitate microsurgery
Skillful surgeons can do amazing things in extremely small places, but finding better ways to suture tiny blood vessels has been an ongoing challenge for even the best.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2015
New tool developed for inspecting concrete at nuclear power plants; ORNL motor features 3-D printed metallic parts; ORNL technique combines intuition, computational strengths; Trane, ORNL combine to boost rooftop A/C efficiency 20 percent; Titan delivering unprecedented climate modeling; ORNL announces JUMP program to stimulate innovation; Bioenergy researchers closer to defeating lignin.

Penn-led research elucidates genetics behind Salmonella's host specificity
Research by a team led by University of Pennsylvania scientists has shown, using genomic techniques, that slight variations in the coding sequence of proteins that bind Salmonella to host cells can determine what type of animal a particular strain infects.

Big Apple menu calorie counts don't add up to leaner diets at fast-food restaurants
Some six years out from New York City's attempt to curb the obesity epidemic by mandating calorie counts in chain restaurants, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found that calorie labels, on their own, have not reduced the overall number of calories that consumers of fast food order and presumably eat.

Risk assessment, for the birds
Every year, backyard songbirds across the United States make an arduous journey to warmer winter climes.

Dartmouth, NSF aim to turn America's rural libraries into STEM centers
Dartmouth College will use a $3 million, five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to further help small, rural libraries nationwide to improve public understanding of science.

Immune cells that fight obesity
Mice lacking certain immune cells become overweight, even on a normal diet.

New research opens door to understanding human tonsil cancer
Researchers at Simon Fraser University and the BC Cancer Agency have developed a groundbreaking method to identify and separate stem cells that reside in the tonsils.

The Miriam Hospital gets NIH grant to study phone-based mindfulness to help those living with HIV
The Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine at The Miriam Hospital has received a $146,000 research project grant from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health to explore whether telephone-delivered mindfulness training can help individuals living with HIV better cope with stress, anxiety and depression; increase their adherence to antiretroviral therapy; and promote healthy behaviors.

Study: Blood vessels store, secrete key blood-clotting protein
Rice University scientists have solved a long-standing mystery about where the body stores and deploys blood-clotting factor VIII, a protein that about 80 percent of hemophiliacs cannot make due to genetic defects.

PolyU develops highly sensitive biosensor for measuring glucose in saliva
Recently, researchers in the Department of Applied Physics of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) have successfully developed an ultra-sensitive transistor-based biosensor which could detect glucose in saliva.

In-house test kits help motivate parents to reduce allergens in their homes
In-home test kits, coupled with patient education, help parents reduce allergen levels in their homes, according to scientists from the National Institutes of Health.

Early intervention in dyslexia can narrow achievement gap, UC Davis study says
Data demonstrate marked differences already present in first grade between typical and dyslexic readers.

Magneto-optics on the edge
In an article published and featured as an Editors' suggestion in Physical Review Letters last week, researchers from the Nanomagnetism group at nanoGUNE in collaboration with a team from the University of Cantabria and the University of Hamburg have reported on a massive increase of magneto-optical effects near the edges of nano-scale disks, where enhancements of over 1,000 percent can be produced.

Rotting oaks lead to hazardous voids in Indiana's Mount Baldy sand dune
Mount Baldy, a sand dune in Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, may appear to be no more than an innocent pile of sand grains speckled with vegetation, but the rolling slopes hide narrow, deep holes, which are evidence of entombed oak trees.

US and Mexico must jointly combat Chagas disease
Chagas disease -- the third most common parasitic infection in the world -- affects approximately 7.5 million people, mostly in Latin America.

West Nile virus killing millions more birds than previously thought, UCLA researchers find
West Nile virus is killing millions more birds and affecting many more bird species than previously thought, according to new research from a multi-university team of researchers.

Planting in clumps boosts wetland restoration success
A Duke-led study finds that when restoring coastal wetlands, clumping newly planted marsh grasses next to each other, with little or no space in between, can spur positive interactions between plants and boost growth and survival by up to 300 percent in one growing season, at no additional cost.

Ice-age lesson: Large mammals need room to roam
A study of life and extinctions among woolly mammoths and other ice-age animals suggests that interconnected habitats can help Arctic mammal species survive environmental changes.

Winners of the UK ICT Pioneers 2015 announced
Jonathan Roberts from Lancaster University is the overall winner of the 2015 UK ICT Pioneers competition for his research Nano-Identification: Fingerprints of the Future.

Antiangiogenic breast cancer treatment may benefit only patients with well-perfused tumors
A Massachusetts General Hospital research team, in collaboration with at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators, may have found a reason why the use of antiangiogenesis drugs -- which has improved outcomes for patients with several types of cancer -- fails to benefit some breast cancer patients.

Molecular 'brake' stifles human lung cancer
By testing over 4,000 genes in human tumors, a Salk team uncovered an enzyme responsible for suppressing a common and deadly lung cancer.

Abdominal fat in early pregnancy can predict development of gestational diabetes
Women who have high levels of abdominal fat during their first trimester of pregnancy have a higher risk of developing diabetes later in their pregnancy, according to a new study published today in Diabetes Care.

What ever happened to West Nile?
A study in the Nov. 2 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences is the first to fully document the demographic impacts of West Nile virus on North American bird populations.

'Magic' plant discovery could lead to growing food in space
Professor Peter Waterhouse, a plant geneticist at QUT, discovered the gene in the ancient Australian native tobacco plant Nicotiana benthamiana, known as Pitjuri to indigenous Aboriginals tribes.

How to convince people to wash their hands during flu season
Suppose there were signs in a restaurant bathroom telling customers that they must wash their hands.

Body odor sets female rhesus monkeys apart
Rhesus monkeys make use of their sense of smell to distinguish between members of their own and other social groups, according to new research, led by Stefanie Henkel (University of Leipzig, Germany), published in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

O'Neill Institute launches Hepatitis Policy Project
The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, a part of the Georgetown Law, announces the launch of the Hepatitis Policy Project to focus on issues and barriers of access to effective treatments for hepatitis C.

UCLA researchers find a wide variation in costs to treat low-risk prostate cancer
Now, for the first time, UCLA researchers have described cost across an entire care process for low-risk prostate cancer -- from the time a patient checks in for his first appointment to his post-treatment follow-up testing -- using time-driven activity-based costing.

Anti-smoking messages can backfire, research suggests
Public health policies targeted at smokers may actually have the opposite effect for some people trying to quit, according to new evidence released today (Nov.

Swedish diagnostic method for Alzheimer's becomes international standard
Researchers at Gothenburg University have developed a reference method for standardized measurements that diagnose Alzheimer's disease decades before symptoms appear.

Different types of ovarian cancer have different causes
The more children a woman has or whether a woman has had her fallopian tubes cut lowers the risk of different types of ovarian cancer to different levels, according to new research presented at the 2015 National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference Tuesday.

Sleepwalkers feel no pain, remain asleep despite suffering injuries
A new study of sleepwalkers found an intriguing paradox: Although sleepwalkers have an increased risk for headaches and migraines while awake, during sleepwalking episodes they are unlikely to feel pain even while suffering an injury.

Microbiome expert Martin Blaser to receive Georgetown's Cura Personalis Award Nov. 3
Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) will bestow its highest honor, the Cura Personalis Award, upon Martin J.

Early exposure to dogs, farm animals associated with lower asthma risk
A reduced risk for childhood asthma at the age of six was associated with exposure to dogs or farm animals during a child's first year of life, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Marshall University School of Medicine launches medical journal
The Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine has launched its first scholarly medical journal designed to bring attention on medical issues and conditions of priority to West Virginians and the Appalachian region.

Breast cancer: Research IDs obstacles to care in Appalachia
Researchers have taken a new approach to understanding why so many breast cancer patients in Appalachia aren't getting the care they need, and their findings are set to change how people view the obstacles to care that beset the region.

Study suggests increased sleep duration and chronic short sleep duration linked to increased diabetes risk in middle-aged and older women
Chronic short sleep duration of six hours or less or increasing average sleeping time by two hours or more over a period of several years increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in middle-aged and older women, reports new research published in Diabetologia.

Elsevier announces the winner of the 2015 Tetrahedron Prize
Elsevier and the Executive Board of Editors of the Tetrahedron journal series are pleased to announce that the 2015 Tetrahedron Prize for Creativity in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry has been awarded to Professor William L.

Adjusting to less food availability can impact kids negatively
Adjusting to family circumstances where there is less food available than previously can be a traumatic situation for children and can result in behavioral issues.

Cancer cells hijack glucose, alter immune cells
When cancer cells compete with immune cells for glucose, the cancer wins.

NASA sees Cyclone Chapala approaching landfall in Yemen
NASA's Aqua satellite and the GPM satellite passed over Cyclone Chapala as it was approaching landfall in central Yemen on Nov.

Pineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plants
By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments.

Scientists map source of Northwest's next big quake
The Cascadia Initiative deployed 70 seabed seismometers at 120 sites covering the entire Juan de Fuca plate to record mantle movement relative to the plate.

UM researchers document global connections between El Nino events and drought
A team of researchers recently discovered that global climate change is causing general increases in both plant growth and potential drought risk.

Breeding higher yielding crops by increasing sugar import into seeds
A seed contains both a plant embryo and the sugars necessary to power its growth.

Scientists research deep-sea hydrothermal vents, find carbon-removing properties
University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Aron Stubbins joined a team of researchers to determine how hydrothermal vents influence ocean carbon storage.

Male and female mice respond differently to inflammation
New research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology shows that male and female mice respond differently to inflammation at the cellular level.

A newly discovered tumor suppressor gene affects melanoma survival
Restoring the function of this gene in melanoma cells caused them to stop growing and die.

The battle for informational self-determination
Societies around the globe are now at a crossroads and have to decide between top-down control and a 'participatory market society,' or shorter: 'digital democracy.'

A cray-active solution for cancer research
Scientists at the German Cancer Research Center have discovered a new species which is helping them understand epigenetics: all individuals of the marbled crayfish examined so far have been female.

Georgia Tech and UNC to lead effort that applies big data solutions to regional challenges
The Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of North Carolina's Renaissance Computing Institute will co-direct a new, national effort to develop a Big Data Regional Innovation Hub serving 16 southern states and the District of Columbia.

Cracking the problem of river growth
A similar principle predicts the growth of fractures and rivers.

Springer Nature implements ORCID unique digital identifiers for books and chapters
Springer Nature will collaborate with ORCID to provide the work of book authors, chapter authors and book editors with digital identifiers, ensuring the recognition of their work.

High-intensity exercise changes how muscle cells manage calcium
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered a cellular mechanism behind the surprising benefits of short, high-intensity interval exercise.

Substantial differences in obstetric care for First Nations women in Canada: BC study
There are substantial differences in obstetric care provided to First Nations women compared with women in the general population, and these differences may contribute to higher infant mortality in First Nations populations, according to research published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

U-M Survival Flight team wins international title
If you think caring for severely injured patients is hard work, imagine doing it 2,000 feet above the ground and at 175 miles per hour.

Severity of combat injury linked to future chronic diseases
Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars are more likely to develop chronic diseases based on the severity of their combat injuries.

Invaluable ancient Syrian mosaic discovered
Classical scholars from Münster are excavating one of the few sites of ancient Roman Syria in Turkey that are currently accessible as a result of the political situation in the Middle East.

Juvenile cowbirds sneak out at night, study finds
A new study explores how a young cowbird, left as an egg in the nest of a different species, grows up to know it's a cowbird and not a warbler, thrush or sparrow.

UC Riverside mathematician named fellow of American Mathematical Society
Vyjayanthi Chari at UC Riverside is one of only 50 mathematical scientists worldwide who have been named fellows of the American Mathematical Society for 2016.

Restaurants listing calorie counts on the menu offer more lower-calorie items
Large US-based chain restaurants that voluntarily list calorie counts on their menus average nearly 140 fewer calories per item than those that do not post the information, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Predicting cancer's growth from few clues
Duke mathematicians are developing ways to help doctors predict how different cancers are likely to progress when measurements of tumor growth are hard to come by.

Researchers are on their way to predicting what side effects you'll experience from a drug
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a model that could be used to predict a drug's side effects on different patients.

Online cognitive behavioral therapy benefits people with depression, anxiety
Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with clinical care has been shown to benefit people with depression, anxiety and emotional distress from illness, according to an evidence-based review in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Living alone can dent healthy diets
People who live alone are more likely to have unhealthy diets lacking key foods, QUT research has found.

AGA supports scientists' plea for national movement on the microbiome
AGA applauds the call for a formal approach to understanding microbial communities critical to all ecosystems, particularly the human body.

Smoking more common in films produced outside of Hollywood
Films made in countries outside of the US are more likely to show characters smoking on screen than those produced in Hollywood, reports a paper published today in the open access journal BMC Public Health.

Protecting plants from stealthy diseases
Stealthy diseases sometimes trick plants by hijacking their defense signaling system, which issues an alarm that diverts plant resources for the wrong attack and allows the enemy pathogens to easily overrun plants.

Less ice, more water in Arctic Ocean by 2050s
By the 2050s, parts of the Arctic Ocean once covered by sea ice much of the year will see at least 60 days a year of open water, according to a new modeling study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

ACP joins amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court
The American College of Physicians today joined the Association of American Medical Colleges and 31 other organizations in an amicus curiae (friend of the court) brief to the Supreme Court of the United States in the Fisher v.

Opening supermarket in food desert changes diet, study finds
Opening a full-service grocery store in a neighborhood deemed to be a food desert may encourage nearby residents to improve their diet -- but not because they use the new supermarket, according to a new study.

Dr. Christine Olson named March of Dimes Agnes Higgins honoree
Dr. Jennifer L. Howse, president of the March of Dimes, presented the 2015 March of Dimes Agnes Higgins award to Christine Olson, Ph.D., R.D., of Cornell University during the American Public Health Association for her work developing educational programs that successfully prevented excess weight gain during pregnancy among low-income women and reducing the risk their babies would be overweight by the time they are toddlers.

Researchers build nanoscale autonomous walking machine from DNA
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a nanoscale machine made of DNA that can randomly walk in any direction across bumpy surfaces.

Chemo-resistant tumors targeted by BU School of Medicine researcher
Rachel Flynn, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology and medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, is the recipient of an Elsa U.

New recommendations green-light some athletes with heart disease to compete
New recommendations may 'green-light' some trained athletes with certain heart conditions to participate in competitive sports.

Physician Fee Schedule recognizes importance of Advance Care Planning for older adults
Reflecting recommendations from the American Geriatrics Society and 65 other partner organizations, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced that voluntary Advance Care Planning -- a comprehensive, ongoing, person-centered approach to communication about future healthcare choices -- will for the first time become a recognized, reimbursable benefit for Medicare recipients as part of the 2016 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule.

MGH team broadens utility of more compact CRISPR-Cas9 by increasing its targeting range
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have shown that a method they developed to improve the usefulness and precision of the most common form of the gene-editing tools CRISPR-Cas9 RNA-guided nucleases can be applied to Cas9 enzymes from other bacterial sources.

Are you moonstruck?
The first popular account of the growing scientific evidence for biological clocks in animals related to lunar cycles.

Traveling through space? Don't forget your sleeping pills and skin cream
A new study published in the November 2015 issue of the FASEB Journal is the first-ever examination of the medications used by astronauts on long-duration missions to the International Space Station.

Uncovering the secrets of ice that burns
Methane hydrates can be seen as a potential energy source or as a dangerous source of methane - a greenhouse gas that is 20 times more potent than CO2.

Does healthier food help low-income people control their diabetes?
To determine whether healthy food could help low-income people better control their diabetes, a pilot study by UC San Francisco and Feeding America tracked nearly 700 people at food banks in California, Texas and Ohio over two years.

New study uncovers attitudes of African-American children toward overweight peers
Study finds that African-American girls show more empathy and are more accepting of overweight peers who can be victims of bullying.

EU funds design study for European plasma accelerator
The European Union supports the development of a novel plasma particle accelerator with three million euros from the Horizon2020 program.

Northern Light secrets uncovered thanks to social networking tools
New research led by physicists at the University of Warwick has used tools designed to study social networks to gain significant new insights into the Northern Lights, and space weather -- particularly the interaction of events in the sun's atmosphere with Earth's ionosphere.

Acupuncture and Alexander Technique ease chronic neck pain better than usual care
In a randomized, controlled trial, both acupuncture and the Alexander Technique led to long-term significant reductions in neck pain and associated disability compared with usual care alone.

Penn Nursing to host Philadelphia launch of Lancet report on 'Women and Health'
Penn Nursing will host the Philadelphia launch of a major, new report, 'Women and Health: The Key for Sustainable Development,' issued by the Commission on Women and Health.

Severe obesity costs Medicaid $8 billion annually and rising
Nearly 11 percent of the cost to treat severe obesity was paid for by Medicaid in 2013.

Mayo Clinic researchers reduce inflammation in human cells, a major cause of frailty
Chronic inflammation, closely associated with frailty and age-related diseases, is a hallmark of aging.

Study: Small urban corner stores offer increased healthy food options
Federal food policy changes led to increased availability of healthy foods at smaller urban corner stores in Baltimore, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Bugs collected on rooftop for 18 years reveal climate change effects
A volunteer registration of insects for 18 consecutive years on the Copenhagen roof of the Natural History Museum of Denmark has revealed local insect community turnover due to climate change.

ONR: Go to NEPTUNE for new ideas in energy
To break new ground in alternative energy; increase educational opportunities for the military community; and bolster science, technology, engineering and mathematics outreach, the Department of the Navy and the Office of Naval Research have launched the Naval Enterprise Partnership Teaming with Universities for National Excellence initiative, or NEPTUNE.

Global study in November Health Affairs
The November issue of Health Affairs features a global study that looked at the impact of China's rapid development and urbanization on the country's 'left-behind' children.

Dental health of professional footballers is 'poor' and affects performance
Nearly four out of 10 UK professional footballers have active tooth decay, while one in 20 has irreversible gum disease, finds a large representative study of players, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Scientists identify 'checkpoint' to prevent birth defects and spontaneous miscarriage
Researchers from the University of Southampton have established that eggs have a protective 'checkpoint' that helps to prevent DNA damaged eggs being fertilized.

Breast cancer adjuvant therapy benefit can wax and wane over time, study finds
More research of the long-term effects of adjuvant therapies for breast cancer is needed, after a study found that effects of these therapies often vary over time.

Entering the strange world of ultra-cold chemistry
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have received a $900,000 grant from the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research to study the unusual chemical and physical properties of atoms and molecules at ultra-cold temperatures approaching absolute zero -- the temperature at which all thermal activity stops.

University of the Pacific researchers give peptides a longer life
Researchers at University of the Pacific have developed a biochemical trick that can significantly extend the lifespan of peptides, smaller cousins of proteins.

Ultrasensitive sensors made from boron-doped graphene
Ultrasensitive gas sensors based on the infusion of boron atoms into graphene -- a tightly bound matrix of carbon atoms -- may soon be possible, according to an international team of researchers from six countries.

Chemistry in mold reveals important clue for pharmaceuticals
In a discovery that holds promise for future drug development, scientists have detected for the first time how nature performs an impressive trick to produce key chemicals similar to those in drugs that fight malaria, bacterial infections and cancer.

INFORMS presents 8 new Fellow Awards, inducts analytics leaders
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, the leading professional association in analytics and operations research, today announced eight new recipients of the annual INFORMS Fellow Award.

Rapidly acidifying waters pose major threat for Southern Ocean ecosystem
A study published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change uses a number of Earth System Models to explore how the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the resulting ocean acidification will affect the Southern Ocean over the next century.

Find way to focus on dietary supplement safety, experts say
A former principal deputy commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration is proposing a solution to the current gridlock over the regulation of dietary supplements: focus less on whether these vitamins, minerals and herbal extracts actually do what they claim and instead take important steps to improve their safety.

Better outcomes using cultured, self-donated, epidermal cells for serious burn victims
Using meshed split skin autographs is a standard treatment for large, deep burns.

Surfing the Waves of Prediction
A comprehensive tour of emerging work on the predictive mind.

Study reveals the architecture of the molecular machine that copies DNA
Until now, the exact configuration of the replisome, a protein complex that unzips and copies DNA, has been unknown.

First complete pictures of cells' DNA-copying machinery
The first-ever images of the protein complex that unwinds, splits, and copies double-stranded DNA reveal something rather different from the standard textbook view.

Dartmouth 'inner GPS' study may aid diagnosis of brain diseases
A new Dartmouth study sheds light on brain cells in our 'inner GPS,' which may improve understanding of memory loss and wandering behavior in people with Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.

New findings rock long-held assumptions about ancient mass extinction
In research to be presented Nov. 4 at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America and published in the October issue of the journal Geology, a University of Texas at Dallas geologist and his colleagues describe new findings that challenge the currently accepted model of the 'Great Dying,' a catastrophic extinction event that occurred more than 250 million years ago.

Cow-calf grazing practices could determine, mitigate greenhouse gas emissions
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the Southern Great Plains could require a change of grazing management by traditional cow-calf producers, according to a study by Texas A&M AgriLife Research.

Chapman University granted $1.5 million by Department of Energy to study climate change
Chapman University is the recipient of a nearly $1.5 million Department of Energy (DoE) grant as part of a larger DoE project designed to understand climate change impacts in peatland ecosystems.

Quiet 'epidemic' has killed half a million middle-aged white Americans
Despite advances in health care and quality of life, white middle-aged Americans have seen overall mortality rates increase over the past 15 years, representing an overlooked 'epidemic' with deaths comparable to the number of Americans who have died of AIDS, according to new Princeton University research.

Study reveals structure of tuberculosis enzyme, could offer drug target
A team of scientists, including several from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, have determined the structures of several important tuberculosis enzymes, which could lead to new drugs for the disease.

Does cheering affect the outcome of college hockey games?
We all love belting our lungs out at sporting event, hurling insults and encouragements in turn, but does it actually have an effect on either team's performance?

Another car recalled? Online press can be bad news for rivals
When Toyota or Chrysler recalls one of its models, the news spreads all over social media, with most consumers bad-mouthing the recalled model.

Researcher develops material to create sustainable energy source
In The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering Jose L.

For-profit and community college graduates earn same hiring interest from employers
Researchers at the University of Missouri found that hiring managers show no preference for hiring people with for-profit college credentials compared to those holding comparable credentials from public community colleges.

Children's self-esteem already established by age 5, new study finds
By age 5 children have a sense of self-esteem comparable in strength to that of adults, according to a new study by University of Washington researchers.

Cleveland Clinic: New policies would expand pediatric lung transplant access, study shows
Broader geographic sharing of pediatric donor lungs could result in twice as many lung transplants for young patients in the US, according to a study published today in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Plants keep one foot on the brakes
Why would plants use a seemingly inefficient method for controlling starch production?

Scientists evaluate food safety practices to help support nonprofit food pantries
Researchers have done an in-depth analysis of food safety at nonprofit food pantries that distribute food directly to people in need.

Death rates, health problems, rise among middle-aged white Americans
Princeton researchers found that middle-aged white Americans had higher rates of mortality and morbidity between 1999-2013 than other ethnic groups.

MagLab research paves way for flu treatments
Led by Professor of chemistry and biochemistry Tim Cross and his team at the Florida State University-based National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, scientists delved into the complexities of exactly how the flu virus works and why it's so effective at making people so sick.

With help from pharmacists, better blood pressure costs $22
A pharmacist-physician collaboration in primary-care offices effectively and inexpensively improved patients' high blood pressure.

Bat disease fungus found to be widespread in northeast China
Bats in northeast China are infected with the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome, a deadly disease that has decimated bat populations in North America since it first appeared in upstate New York in 2006.

Two or more daily glasses of sweetened drinks linked to increased heart failure risk
Downing two or more glasses of sweetened drinks every day is linked to a heightened risk of heart failure -- at least in men -- reveals a large study published online in the journal Heart.

The innate immune system modulates the severity of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis, a debilitating neurological disease, is triggered by self-reactive T cells that successfully infiltrate the brain and spinal cord where they launch an aggressive autoimmune attack against myelin, the fatty substance that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers.

NIH awards 2 Georgia State biologists $2.4 million
Georgia State University biologists have received a $2.4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the effect of diabetes on cardiovascular disease.

Georgetown's Lawrence Gostin honored for Lifetime Achievement in Public Health Law
Lawrence Gostin, JD, LLD (h.c.), Faculty Director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown Law, was honored today for his 'Lifetime Achievement in Public Health Law' by the American Public Health Association Law Section.

World's tiniest snail record broken with a myriad of new species from Borneo
The world's record for the smallest land snail is broken once again.

Establishing a brain trust for data science
The ability to access, analyze and draw insights from massive amounts of data already drives innovation in areas ranging from medicine to manufacturing, leading to greater efficiency and a higher quality of life.

Apgar score for may be tool for predicting whether mother will become critically ill
The Apgar score that evaluates a baby's condition at birth may also be a useful tool for predicting whether a mother is critically ill, new research suggests.

Buying a new furnace: Will you use your savings or assume more debt?
It's getting closer to winter, and all of a sudden you need a new HVAC system that'll cost $5,000.

Fireworks are fun but can reduce visibility
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered that there is a sharp reduction in visibility caused by fireworks and bonfires on Guy Fawkes' night.

Calcium-48's 'neutron skin' thinner than previously thought
An international team led by Gaute Hagen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used America's most powerful supercomputer, Titan, to compute the neutron distribution and related observables of calcium-48, an isotope with an atomic nucleus consisting of 20 protons and 28 neutrons.

Rheumatoid arthritis linked to increased risk of death
Rheumatoid arthritis has been associated with increased risk of death in the past, but a new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital brings that risk into sharper focus.

Eavesdropping on Bering Strait marine mammals
One way to monitor impacts to the ecosystem is by observing the changes in occurrence or distribution of sea birds and marine mammals.

Do you buy local? Your consumer ethnocentrism may be showing
Are you are one of the many consumers who prefer domestic to foreign products, even when the domestic products are lower in quality and cost more?

HIV scientists launch €23 million project to develop vaccine
A team of international scientists have launched a €23 million project to develop an urgently needed HIV vaccine.

Aedes japonicus mosquitoes found in western Canada
Canadian entomologists have reported the first appearance of Aedes japonicus -- an invasive, disease-carrying mosquito -- in western Canada.

CU researchers find one in five pediatricians dismiss families for refusing vaccines
One in five pediatricians dismiss families who refuse to vaccinate their children, according to findings published today in the journal Pediatrics and based on research by faculty from the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus.

New XELJANZ® (tofacitinib citrate) data to be presented at ACR/ARHP 2015
Pfizer Inc. announced today that 26 new scientific abstracts, including 20 presentations for XELJANZ® (tofacitinib citrate) in rheumatoid arthritis will be presented on behalf of Pfizer at the American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals 2015 Annual Meeting.

Off-label prescription drug use and adverse drug events
Off-label use of prescription drugs was associated with adverse drug events in a study of patients in Canada, especially off-label use lacking strong scientific evidence, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Historian examines environmental cost of tapping alternate sources for water, oil
Saudi Arabia is known as one of the top oil producing countries in the world.

New special report highlights NSF-funded cybersecurity research and education
Cybersecurity is one of the defining issues of our time.

Local destabilization can cause complete loss of West Antarctica's ice masses
A full discharge of ice into the ocean is calculated to yield about 3 meters of sea-level rise.

Griffith University reveals world-first 3-D image of a protein involved in cancer spread
Griffith University's world leading Institute for Glycomics has made scientific history by determining the first three-dimensional image of a protein linked to the spread of cancer.

Increasing vitamin D supplementation
Elderly women should take in more vitamin D than previously recommended during the winter months.

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