Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 2015
Managed bees spread and intensify diseases in wild bees
Wild pollinators are in decline across many parts of the world.

Edoxaban: Considerable added benefit for certain patients
Stroke, bleeding and side effects are less common in adults with atrial fibrillation who take edoxaban for prevention.

New Study in lancet projects considerable public health impact for RTS,S malaria vaccine
The RTS,S malaria vaccine is predicted to have a significant public health impact and high level of cost-effectiveness across a wide range of settings in sub-Saharan Africa, according to harmonized research from four different mathematical modelling groups published today in The Lancet.

Gut microbiome drives success of immunotherapy
Why some patients respond well to immunotherapy and others do not is unclear, but two new studies now provide evidence that the gut microbiome can play a role.

Snail trails lead to climate-driven cultural shift in ancient Morocco
UC research on ancient Moroccan snails shows clear evidence for climate-induced early human agricultural production.

Lack of sleep may increase risk for diabetes, say CU Anschutz, CU-Boulder researchers
A lack of sufficient sleep reduces the body's sensitivity to insulin, impairing the ability to regulate blood sugar and increasing the risk of diabetes, according to researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Colorado Boulder.

MSU study finds surprises about drug use
Conducting an economic analysis of drug use is a particularly difficult endeavor, but for Michigan State University professor and economist Siddharth Chandra, it just meant taking a look at the history books.

Georgia State scientist gets $1.675 million to study link between cancer and DNA replication, repair
Ivaylo Ivanov, associate professor of chemistry at Georgia State University, has received a five-year, $1.675 million federal grant to study how problems with DNA replication and repair may lead to cancer susceptibility and inheritable genetic diseases.

American College of Cardiology data on NOACS, statins to be presented at AHA
New research on the use of novel oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation patients and statins for diabetes patients from the American College of Cardiology's National Cardiovascular Data Registry will be presented at the American Heart Association meeting in Orlando this weekend.

Competition between 'good bacteria' important for healthy gut, say researchers
The vital ecosystem of bacteria in the human gut operates like a jungle, with competition between microbes helping maintain the stability necessary to keep us healthy.

'Fire frogs' and eel-like amphibians: The Field Museum's Brazilian fossil discovery
Several new species of amphibians and a reptile that lived in what's now Brazil from 278 million years ago have just been discovered and described by a team of scientists from around the world, including Chicago's Field Museum.

NASA mission reveals speed of solar wind stripping Martian atmosphere
NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission has identified the process that appears to have played a key role in the transition of the Martian climate from an early, warm and wet environment that might have supported surface life to the cold, arid planet Mars is today.

Nomadic computing speeds up Big Data analytics
Inderjit Dhillon, a professor of computer science at the University of Texas at Austin, is a leader in this new world of Big Data.

Business as plan B
Research by UCSB sociologist suggests family leave policies have a significant impact on women's entrepreneurial activities.

Kids with asthma can avoid the ER by avoiding the ER
A new study has determined that the probability of future acute care visits increased from 30 percent with one historical acute care visit to 87 percent with more than five acute care visits.

Human intervention can help endangered Saimaa ringed seal adapt to climate change
Humans can help the critically endangered Saimaa ringed seal to cope with climate change.

Korea's 'Hanoks' display acoustic excellence
Concerts held within Hanoks are popular tourist attractions in Korea, and when a team of researchers from Soongsil University in Seoul discovered this, they set out to explore whether the homes' excellent acoustics stem from their architectural structure as well as materials.

Watching a memory form
Neuroscientists at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science have discovered a novel mechanism for memory formation.

Medicines for breast cancer: The affordability controversy
New and better drugs to treat diseases such as advanced breast cancer will have little effect on improving patient outcomes if a country does not have good health-care structures in place.

Butterfly mimicry through the eyes of bird predators
Wing color patterns of butterflies perform different signalling functions, from avoiding bird predators to attracting potential mates.

Guides within electronic medical records during visits help doctors provide better care
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston found that when providers were given a structured approach to evaluating and managing stable COPD patients using information embedded into a patient's electronic medical records during outpatient visits, they provided better advanced patient assessments and other quality of care measures.

TCGA findings provide molecular background for second most common kidney cancer
Scientists with the Cancer Genome Atlas, a National Institutes of Health-funded project, have molecularly characterized two types of the second most common kidney cancer and classified several subtypes of the disease.

March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card grades cities; focuses on racial disparities
The US preterm birth rate ranks among the worst of high-resource countries.

Sunday GP appointments unlikely to meet patient needs
A new report from the University of East Anglia finds that Sunday GP appointments are unlikely to meet the needs of patients.

Dental implants frequently lead to complications
Almost 8 percent of patients experience loss of at least one implant within 10 years.

Loyola School of Medicine names Senior and Junior Scientists of the Year
Susan Baker, Ph.D., a leading researcher of a class of viruses that includes severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome, has been named Senior Scientist of the Year at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Penn, Notre Dame researchers mapping genetic history of the Caribbean
To understand migration patterns of the Caribbean, Theodore Schurr of the University of Pennsylvania, Jada Benn Torres from Notre Dame University, and several others mapped the genetic history of the Lesser Antilles, one island at a time.

Does religion make kids less generous?
Religious parents are more likely to describe their children as empathetic and concerned about justice than are non-religious parents.

Researchers reveal acoustic complexity of chickadee songs
Researchers have found an alternative choice for songbird study: a small non-migratory songbird commonly found in North America known as the black-capped chickadee.

Immunologists unearth key piece of MRSA vaccine puzzle
New research has pinpointed immune cells that could be targeted by an MRSA vaccine.

Scotland leads unconventional gas extraction health assessments
Scotland can lead the international public health impact assessment of unconventional gas extraction according to a new report by University of Stirling academics.

Smart fabric provides 'air conditioning' for the wearer -- adjustable with a mobile app
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new high-volume production method for hot embossing microscopic channel structures onto large areas of plastic film at a low cost for use, for example, in wearable technology and cosmetic applications.

NASA spots another Arabian Sea tropical cyclone forming
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite caught another tropical cyclone forming on Nov.

Elsevier announces the launch of open-access journal: Physics in Medicine
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of open-access journal: Physics in Medicine.

NYU scientists find neural match for complexity of visual world
The complexity of the neural activity we use to process visual images reflects the intricacy of those images, a team of NYU scientists has found.

No new heart muscle cells in mice after the newborn period
A new study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet shows that new heart muscle cells in mice are mainly formed directly after birth.

Why's there chatter in my Himalayan singing bowl?
A Himalayan singing bowl operates like a wine glass -- slide your fingertip, or a wooden stick called a puja, around its rim to hear its soothing tones.

Gut bacteria can dramatically amplify cancer immunotherapy
Introducing one type of bacteria into the digestive tracts of mice with melanoma can boost the ability of the animal's immune systems to attack tumor cells.

Assessing ecosystem services: Increasing the impact on decision making
Assessments of ecosystem services, aiming at informing decisions on land management, are increasing in number around the globe, but only in a few cases recommendations are then applied by decision-makers in real life.

Study finds access to specialists in Affordable Care Act plans may be inadequate
While 12 million Americans are enrolled in health care networks through the Affordable Care Act's insurance marketplace, a recent study in the Journal of the American Medical Association raises concerns about patient access to specialists within these insurance plans.

Tecnalia, Ibarmia and the UPV/EHU showcase the biggest 3-D printing machine for industry
The Basque Autonomous Community is once again spearheading R&D&i applied to the industrial base to enable companies to be more competitive, not only by improving productivity but also by creating new products.

Adults' happiness on the decline
Are you less happy than your parents were at the same age?

Stanford researchers urge lifting of NIH funding restrictions on chimeric research
Citing the 'tremendous potential' of research on human stem cells in nonhuman embryos, scientists and a bioethicist from the Stanford University School of Medicine have co-authored a letter urging the removal of funding restrictions imposed on such research last month by the National Institutes of Health.

A new slant on semiconductor characterization
By flipping a magnetic field, a new method developed at Northwestern University can measure variations in the local conductivity across a semiconductor.

An easy test for sickle cell disease
A team of UConn biomedical engineers, working with colleagues from Yale, MIT, and Harvard, has developed a simple, inexpensive, and quick technique for the diagnosis and monitoring of sickle cell disease that can be used in regions where advanced medical technology and training are scarce.

MAVEN results: Delving into the atmosphere of Mars
This issue of Science features four studies highlighting results from the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission, designed to study Mars' upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere.

What sex is safe for heart patients: A new approach using the KiTOMI model
Changes in sexual satisfaction and decreases in sexual activity are often reported by heart patients.

Global climate change
Anthropogenic warming in the west Pacific likely contributed to the 2014 drought in East Africa, say UCSB and USGS climate scientists.

New breast cancer stem cell clues may help develop therapeutics
Researchers have identified a new regulatory pathway that may play an important role in basal-like breast cancer, a particularly aggressive form of breast cancer often referred to as 'triple negative.' This pathway may serve as a target for the development of an effective therapeutic.

Better sleep and tai chi reduce inflammation and promote health
Inflammatory processes occur throughout the body, with a primary function of promoting healing after injury.

Temple researchers: Small molecule inhibitor shows promise in precision cancer targeting
Cancer cells with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations are key targets for cancer therapeutics.

The cumulative research shows no explicit medical impediment to surrogate motherhood
The Swedish government is investigating a change of legislation to make surrogate motherhood permitted in Sweden.

Structure of 'concrete disease' solved
When bridges, dam walls and other structures made of concrete are streaked with dark cracks after a few decades, the culprit is AAR: the alkali-aggregate reaction.

Mindfulness training helps patients with inflammatory bowel diseases
Training in meditation and other mindfulness-based techniques brings lasting improvements in mental health and quality of life for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, according to a study in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America.

DNA strands often 'wiggle' as part of genetic repair
New research indicates that every time a double-stranded break occurs in DNA strands, the damaged ends move about during repair.

Hormone replacement therapy may benefit the kidneys
The use of hormone replacement therapy may lead to better kidney function in postmenopausal women.

Lack of sleep, body clock disruption leads to impaired insulin sensitivity says CU study
A new study by the University of Colorado shows that the longer people are awake during the time their biological clock is telling them to sleep the worse their sensitivity to insulin, which is a precursor to diabetes.

Researchers show how positive stimuli provide benefits to the distracted brain
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have identified how your mind processes and differentiates between positive and negative ones when you're trying to get a job done.

Researchers discover a new dimension to high-temperature superconductivity
A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity.

The astounding genome of the dinoflagellate
Dinoflagellates live free-floating in the ocean or symbiotically with corals, serving up -- or as -- lunch to a host of mollusks, tiny fish and coral species.

Martian desiccation
University of Iowa researchers announced new findings about the ancient atmosphere on Mars and possible clues why the Red Planet is no longer awash in water.

The largest to have existed - giant rat fossils
Archaeologists with The Australian National University (ANU) have discovered fossils of seven giant rat species on East Timor, with the largest up to 10 times the size of modern rats.

Noise-induced hearing loss -- genetic cause and mechanism discovered
Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, the Collège de France and Pierre & Marie Curie University, working closely with scientists at the University of Auvergne, have recently discovered the function of pejvakin, a molecule that plays a vital role in the hearing system.

Mixed martial arts bloodier but less dangerous than boxing: Study
UAlberta researchers evaluate a decade's worth of post-fight medical examinations to shed new light on injury risks of combative sports.

Resilience-based interventions could curb depression in LGBT youths
Now, researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine are exploring the role resilience plays in off-setting stress and depression among LGBT adults and youths, and found that LGBT youths have a lower levels of resilience than LGBT adults.

AKI not a good sign for patients with diabetes, says UC researcher
When acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in people with diabetes, the rate of renal function loss is twice that of their non-AKI counterparts, says a University of Cincinnati researcher.

Study finds 75 percent of first-time moms plan to follow vaccine schedule
First-time expectant mothers who do not plan to follow the recommended childhood immunization schedule 'rely primarily on Internet sources and family or friends for information.'

American Ornithologists' Union honors 2015 awardees
Each year, the American Ornithologists' Union (AOU), North America's leading ornithological society, presents five prestigious awards honoring members for their contributions to bird science and their service to the society.

Why don't more uninsured people seek health coverage? U-M study suggests knowledge gap
Medical students who run a free clinic for uninsured patients have published new findings on the reasons why so many are still without health insurance, despite the new options made possible by the Affordable Care Act.

Teaching the blind to draw -- and do STEM
$1 million NIH technology transfer grant will speed adoption of interactive raised line graphics devices in schools that help young blind students learn to draw and, later, facilitate their taking math and science courses that require them to interact with graphics.

Brain imaging reveals possible depression signature in traumatic brain injury
Individuals with depression in addition to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are prone to poorer recovery, reductions in cognitive performance, greater functional disability, increased suicide attempts and other social and sexual difficulties.

New from CSHLPress, an indispensable bench-side handbook for biologists using R
'Using R at the Bench: Step-by-Step Data Analytics for Biologists,' from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, is a convenient bench-side handbook for biologists, designed as a handy reference guide for elementary and intermediate statistical analyses using the free/public software package known as 'R.' It is both a simple refresher as well as an overview, and is available in both spiral bound hardcover and eBook formats.

Stem-cell scientists redefine how blood is made
Stem-cell scientists led by Dr. John Dick have discovered a completely new view of how human blood is made, upending conventional dogma from the 1960s.

Supernova twins: Making standard candles more standard than ever
Type Ia supernovae are bright 'standard candles' for measuring cosmic distances.

Higher insulin is an independent prognostic factor in advanced breast cancer
Patients with breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastasized) and who have higher insulin levels than normal, but are not diabetic, have a significantly worse prognosis compared with those with normal insulin levels.

Climate change is moving mountains, research says
UC research points to strong interaction between climate shifts and increased internal movement in the North American St.

Investigational treatment may restore kidney function in renovascular disease patients
A treatment consisting of vascular endothelial growth factor fused to a bioengineered carrier promotes the recovery of kidney function in pigs with a disease frequently observed in patients in which the kidneys' arteries are blocked.

Circadian clock controls insulin and blood sugar in pancreas
A new Northwestern Medicine study has pinpointed thousands of genetic pathways an internal body clock takes to dictate how and when our pancreas must produce insulin and control blood sugar, findings that could eventually lead to new therapies for children and adults with diabetes.

Three urgent steps for better protected areas
A group of scientists have developed a three-point plan to ensure the world's protected areas meet new biodiversity targets set by the 193 signatory nations of the Convention on Biological Diversity's.

World-class bioscience investment at University of Leicester
Inward investment into the knowledge economy sees more than £1.5 million go to pioneering work that impacts on health.

Towards elimination of HIV reservoirs
A study published on Nov. 5 in PLOS Pathogens reports that engineered molecules that target both killer T cells and HIV-infected cells that contain viral envelope protein (Env) can induce killing of the HIV-infected cells and further reduce the levels of detectable HIV expression in blood cells taken from HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy.

Vitamin C stresses and kills mutant cancer cells
Colorectal cancer cells with certain mutations 'handle' vitamin C differently than other cells, and this difference ultimately kills them, a new study shows.

Religious upbringing associated with less altruism, study finds
In a new study, children from religious families were less likely to share with others than were children from non-religious families.

First precision medicine trial in cancer prevention identifies chemoprevention strategy
A team of scientists report that a genetic biomarker called loss of heterozygosity is able to predict which patients with premalignant mouth lesions are at highest risk of developing oral cancer.

Vector network analysis using lasers
Vector network analyzers (VNA) are among the most precise high-frequency measurement devices available today.

Meniscus injury: Real surgery or sham surgery -- which is better for patients?
Should the non-surgical approach be preferred over surgical treatment or are there still advantages offered by surgery.

Fly method is epilepsy's ray of light
A revolutionary new approach developed by University of Manchester scientists has for the first time shown that epilepsy could be preventable.

UCI-led study offers model to predict how microbiomes may respond to change
Scientists studying microbiomes have created a framework for predicting how the composition of these complex microbial communities may respond to changing conditions.

Hay fever sufferers prefer prescription medication, but use over-the-counter relief
A new study presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting, shows that many seasonal allergy sufferers don't seek the proper treatment or medication for symptoms, and those who take OTC medication aren't satisfied with the results they get.

The great tit bird is less attractive due to exposure to heavy metals
Heavy metals, the result of contamination, may be toxic for animals to the extent of affecting their reproduction and physiology.

Archaeologists from Mainz University continue their excavation work in Iran
Archaeologists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have been progressively examining the city located in the ancient Elamite site of Haft Tappeh in southwestern Iran since 2002.

Estrogen receptor β helps endometrial tissue escape the immune system and cause disease
Endometriosis -- tissue usually found inside the uterus that grows outside -- thrives because of altered cellular signaling that is mediated by estrogen, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in a report that appears in the journal Cell.

Hubble uncovers the fading cinders of some of our galaxy's earliest homesteaders
Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to conduct a 'cosmic archaeological dig' at the very heart of our Milky Way galaxy, astronomers have uncovered the blueprints of our galaxy's early construction phase.

World's largest cardiovascular imaging conference showcases technological innovations
EuroEcho-Imaging 2015 is set to showcase technological innovations in the field of cardiovascular imaging and provide the latest information for journalists in this rapidly moving field.

Scientists discover genetic mechanism essential to ovary development
Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Medicine have announced a discovery that is expected to allow doctors to diagnose a disease causing infertility and lack of puberty in women, with implications for the development of future treatment options.

Early warning found for chronic kidney disease
A study in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that a simple blood test for the suPAR protein can predict a person's chances of developing chronic kidney disease five years before symptoms emerge, thus doing for kidney disease what cholesterol has done for cardiovascular disease.

AGU Fall Meeting: Housing deadline Nov. 12
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 48th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 24,000 attendees from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences.

Chinese researchers questioned the measurement of the Hubble constant by Nobel laureate Riess' team
The Hubble constant denotes the today's expansion rate of the universe.

News briefs from the ACAAI International Food Allergy Symposium
The four abstracts will be presented as part of the ACAAI International Food Allergy Symposium on Thursday, Nov.

Take 2 aspirin and make sure you're not allergic
Some patients who have a reaction to aspirin are told they are allergic without being tested by an allergist, and stop an otherwise effective therapy.

In preventing return of winter blues, talk outshines light, new study says
In the long term, cognitive behavior therapy is more effective at treating seasonal affective disorder that light therapy, considered the gold standard, a study to be published in the American Journal of Psychiatry found.

Allergists as medical mystery detectives -- uncovering all the clues
Allergists are the medical mystery detectives with the expertise to discover what is causing all sorts of unusual allergic responses.

Using hydrogen to enhance lithium ion batteries
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have found that lithium ion batteries operate longer and faster when their electrodes are treated with hydrogen.

NbSe2, a true 2-D superconductor
An international team led by Miguel M. Ugeda and Michael F.

UMD discovery could enable portable particle accelerators
A new discovery by physicists at the University of Maryland could hold the key to the construction of inexpensive, broadly useful, and portable particle accelerators in the very near future.

Zebrafish reveal how axons regenerate on a proper path
When peripheral nerves are damaged and their vital synaptic paths are disrupted, they have the ability to regenerate and reestablish lost connections.

Elephants may use trunks like 'leaf blowers' to obtain inaccessible food
Two captive elephants blast air through their trunks to grasp hard-to-reach food, suggests an initial study published today in Springer's journal Animal Cognition.

Duration of lactation associated with bone density
Maternal bone density decreases after childbirth, but only among women who lactate for at least four months.

Biologics for asthma: Attacking the source of the disease, not the symptoms
The future of asthma treatment is here in the form of biologics for severe, uncontrolled asthma.

Consider penicillin, even if you have had a prior reaction
A study presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting, examined the records of patients who, after being told they were penicillin-allergic, tested negative for penicillin allergy, and were then able to be treated with intravenous penicillin.

Breast is best, but might not protect from allergies
According to a new study presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting, no significant difference in allergies were found between children who were ever breast fed versus those formula fed.

Scientists transfer genes from poppy to a different species to prevent self-pollination
University of Birmingham scientists have created a plant that rejects its own pollen or pollen of close relatives, according to research published in the journal Science today.

Study: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adults
A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health -- specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain -- vary with fitness level in older adults.

Vibrating bees tell the state of the hive
While scientists are still investigating the causes of colony collapse disorder, beekeepers could benefit from technologies that help them track the health of their hives, and researchers have developed a device that can monitor hive activity without disturbing the bees.

2015 AOU Brewster Medal awarded to Dr. Rosemary Grant
The William Brewster Memorial Award, bestowed each year by the American Ornithologists' Union to the author or co-authors of an exceptional body of work on birds of the Western hemisphere, is one of the most prestigious awards in the field of ornithology.

New whirligig beetle species discovered by University of New Mexico Ph.D. student
A new species of whirligig beetle is the first to be described in the United States since 1991.

Compound 'dissolves' protein clumps that cause cataracts
Identification of a compound that reduces the 'cloudiness' associated with cataracts could lead to a new therapeutic for this common, age-related eye disorder.

Insufficient sleep may impact kidney health
Shorter sleep duration was significantly linked with a more rapid decline in kidney function among participants in the Nurses' Health Study.

Eye drops could clear up cataracts using newly identified chemical
A chemical that could potentially be used in eye drops to reverse cataracts has been identified by a team of scientists from UCSF, the University of Michigan, and Washington University in St.

CytomX and MD Anderson Cancer Center enter into strategic collaboration for Probody-enabled CAR-NK cell therapies
CytomX Therapeutics (Nasdaq: CTMX), a biopharmaceutical company developing investigational Probody™ therapeutics for the treatment of cancer, today entered into a collaboration with The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center to research Probody-enabled chimeric antigen receptor natural killer (CAR-NK) cell therapies, to be known as ProCAR-NK cell therapies.

Relying on faith, culture and family to reduce stress of caregivers
Despite the fact that that family interventions have shown to significantly improve outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia, only about 7 percent of patients with this illness receive any family therapy.

UTIA researchers receive $1.8 million USDA grant to study organic dairy production
Researchers at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture have received a $1.8 million grant to study forage production for organic dairies.

Study: Ground-level ozone reduces maize and soybean yields
Despite government regulations, ground-level ozone -- an odorless gas that forms as polluting nitrogen oxides drift in sunlight across the countryside -- continues to threaten crop quality and yield.

This week in BMJ Case Reports
Headlines include 'Doctors warn of accidental overdosing on herbal medicines'; 'Severe iron deficiency associated with head lice in young woman'; 'A 4-year-old boy's kidney pierced by a swallowed hair pin'; and 'Removal of giant accessory breast.'

Research finds cranberries are an effective approach to help reduce antibiotic use
Global experts at the International Conference on Polyphenols and Health discussed how cranberries may be a nutritional approach to reduce antibiotic use and support whole-body health.

$2 million to improve wheat yields for farmers across the world
Scientists from the University of Liverpool have been awarded $2 million to lead international food security research into improving wheat yields through more efficient photosynthesis.

Australian plants could hold key to treating wounds, Alzheimer's and other diseases
A QUT Indigenous Medicines Group researcher has been awarded more than $1 million in funding from the Australian Government and an Australian biotech company to explore the use of plants in treating a range of global infections and diseases.

Surrey Earth Observation expertise to monitor the internationally important Bacalar Corridor
A new remote satellite monitoring program, powered by UK technology and expertise has been launched to help conserve a unique, fragile ecological corridor in the Caribbean.

Freshwater fish, amphibians supercharge their ability to see infrared light?
Salmon migrating from the open ocean to inland waters do more than swim upstream.

Expert system for early diagnosis of schizophrenia
The opinion of a qualified professional is unlikely to be replaced by a computer algorithm for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

It's a beauty: JILA's quantum crystal is now more valuable
Physicists at JILA have made their 'quantum crystal' of ultracold molecules more valuable than ever by packing about five times more molecules into it.

Number of female researchers in Germany has increased by 25 percent over the past 5 years
Over the past five years, the number of female researchers in Germany has grown far more rapidly than that of male researchers.

Study explores nicotine patch to treat memory loss
Vanderbilt University Medical Center has received a $9.4 million grant from the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to test the effectiveness of a transdermal nicotine patch in improving memory loss in older adults with mild cognitive impairment, a precursor to Alzheimer's disease.

Study shows siblings of kids with food allergies aren't necessarily also allergic
According to new research being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting, 53 percent of siblings of children with food allergies had a food sensitivity, but only 13 percent had actual food allergy.

Why some genes are highly expressed
The DNA in our cells is folded into millions of small packets, like beads on a string, allowing our two-meter linear DNA genomes to fit into a nucleus of only about 0.01 mm in diameter.

Is junk food to blame?
Soda, candy, and fast food are often painted as the prime culprits in the national discussion of obesity in the United States.

American Ornithologists' Union welcomes new Fellows and Honorary Fellows
At the 133rd stated meeting of the American Ornithologists' Union in Norman, Okla., this July, the society welcomed 15 new Fellows and two Honorary Fellows, who were selected by their peers for their outstanding contributions to the field of ornithology and their service to the AOU.

New research could help in the fight against infection, cancer and allergies
New research has uncovered an important mechanism in the drive to understand immunological processes that protect us against infection, allergy and cancer.

Potential solution for side effect of Alzheimer's immunotherapy treatment
It is estimated that 46.8 million people worldwide are living with dementia, with Alzheimer's disease the most common form.

Out with the old, in with the new: Telescope mirrors get new shape
Telescope mirrors of old basically came in one shape: they were round and fit nicely inside a tube.

Australia needs right tools to build path to innovation
Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull is desperate for Australia to be innovative -- but do businesses have the technologies they need to truly transform?

Researchers identify new route for release of steroid hormones
Little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the release of steroid hormones from endocrine tissues. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to