Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 08, 2015
Energy drink increases blood pressure, norepinephrine levels
Anna Svatikova, M.D., Ph.D., of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., and colleagues randomly assigned 25 healthy volunteers to consume a can of a commercially available energy drink and placebo drink to determine the effect of energy drink consumption on hemodynamic changes.

World first blood test reduces risk and increases accuracy in prenatal testing
Research into a simple, accurate and low risk blood test that can detect fetal blood group, sex, and genetic conditions in unborn babies has been published in the international scientific journal, Clinical Chemistry.

Just 1 energy drink may boost heart disease risk in young adults
Drinking one 16-ounce energy drink boosts blood pressure and stress hormone responses in young, healthy adults, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Study asks: To improve patients' health, should you pay physicians, patients, or both?
Providing financial incentives to both primary care physicians and patients leads to a greater reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in patients than paying only the physician or only the patient, according to a new study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Penn researchers present findings on cardiac risks for patients with chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which afflicts more than 26 million Americans, is a condition in which individuals experience a slow loss of kidney function over time.

Low rate of patient monitoring found following initiation of therapy for heart failure
Although frequent laboratory monitoring of patients with heart failure following initiation of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists is supported by the results of large clinical trials and recommended in guidelines, there appears to be low rates of monitoring in clinical practice, according to a study in the Nov.

Eating more homemade meals may reduce risk of type 2 diabetes
People who mostly eat meals prepared at home may have a slightly lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Moving to a walking neighborhood is good for your blood pressure
People who moved from a neighborhood that required a vehicle to run errands to one that made walking-errands convenient were significantly less likely to have high blood pressure than people who moved from one low-walkability neighborhood to another low-walkability neighborhood Specifically, people who moved to a highly walkable neighborhood had a 54 percent lower risk of high blood pressure than those who moved to a more car-dependent neighborhood over 10 years of follow up.

Obtaining high-quality labels by crowdsourcing
Crowdsourcing makes it possible to hire voluntary workers in the internet to label large-scale data by offering them small monetary payments.

Ancient brains turn paleontology on its head
When UA researcher Nicholas Strausfeld co-authored a 2012 paper in Nature describing an ancient, fossilized brain, it challenged the long-held notion that brains don't fossilize.

Poor air quality increases patients' risk of heart attack, new study finds
People with heart disease face an increased risk of a serious heart attack during poor air quality days, according to a major new study presented today at the American Heart Association Scientific Session in Orlando.

Revascularization before exercise program improves walking for patients with PAD
Among patients with peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication (cramping pain in the legs due to poor circulation in the arteries, aggravated by walking), a combination therapy of endovascular revascularization (an invasive procedure to improve blood flow in an artery) followed by supervised exercise resulted in greater improvement in walking distances and health-related quality-of-life measures at one year compared with supervised exercise only, according to a study in the Nov.

Shared financial incentives for physicians and patients improve LDL cholesterol levels
In a study examining the effect of financial incentives to improve lipid levels among patients in primary care practices, shared financial incentives for physicians and patients, but not incentives to physicians or patients alone, resulted in a modest reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels after 12 months, according to a study in the Nov.

Taking public transportation instead of driving linked with better health
Commuting by public transportation is linked to a lower risk of having high blood pressure, diabetes, and overweight than commuting by car or bike.

Exploring the paradox of metabolically healthy obesity
Australian researchers have defined some key characteristics of the metabolically healthy obese -- those obese individuals who remain free from type 2 diabetes and other disorders. that usually associate with obesity.

Nobel laureate receives Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics
Queen's University Professor Emeritus and Nobel laureate Arthur McDonald, representing the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) Collaboration, has received the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.

Research reveals main reasons why people go to work when ill
High job demands, stress and job insecurity are among the main reasons why people go to work when they are ill, according to new research by an academic at the University of East Anglia.

Poverty influences effects of race and education on pain after knee replacement surgery
Findings from a study by researchers from Hospital for Special Surgery suggest that lower socioeconomic status at the community level significantly increases the risk of pain and poor function following a knee replacement.

University of Tokyo's Takaaki Kajita and Yoichiro Suzuki to share Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics
University of Tokyo Professor Takaaki Kajita, recipient of the 2015 Nobel Prize for Physics and Director of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, and Kavli IPMU Project Professor Yoichiro Suzuki are among seven researchers awarded the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.

Video-based CPR training may be as valuable as hands-on approach, Penn study finds
Using a video to train family members of patients at risk for cardiac arrest in CPR may be just as effective as using the traditional hands-on method with a manikin, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Effectiveness of drug to improve natriuretic peptide levels for chronic heart failure
Mihai Gheorghiade, M.D., of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, and colleagues randomly assigned 456 patients with worsening chronic HF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (a measure of how well the left ventricle of the heart pumps with each beat) to receive placebo or 1 of 4 daily target doses of the medication vericiguat for 12 weeks.

Kids learn about healthy lifestyle in school-based garden program
Children learned to grow vegetables and the value of a healthy lifestyle in a school-based program tailored for their low-income, desert community, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

The No. 1 killer is invisible to most women
Even though heart disease and stroke are the No. 1 killer of US women, few women say they feel a personal connection to cardiovascular disease, according to a nationally representative survey.

Diagnosing & treating diabetes in heart attack patients improves heart outcomes, study finds
People with heart problems often have diabetes, which puts them at greater risk for heart attacks, heart failure and stroke.

3-D image may provide better size match for child heart transplants
A 3-D system may more accurately identify the best donor heart for a pediatric transplant patient.

Screening a silent killer cuts risk of stroke and death: JAMA opinion
Screening for asymptomatic atrial fibrillation in people aged 65 and over and treating it with anticoagulant medications could greatly reduce the risk of stroke and premature death, say cardiologists in today's Journal of the American Medical Association.

Weight is significant factor in the recurrence of atrial fibrillation, new research finds
Researchers have found that the recurrence of atrial fibrillation increases in patients who are overweight and decreases when patients are able to lose weight, and keep it off, following a cardiac ablation, according to two new studies.

New disease-carrying mosquito arrives in B.C.
A team of researchers from Simon Fraser University and Culex Environmental, a Burnaby-based mosquito control company, are studying an invasive, disease-carrying mosquito, Aedes japonicus, after finding it for the first time in Western Canada.

Complement activation predicts pregnancy complications in women with lupus
Hospital for Special Surgery investigators have identified multiple clinical and biologic markers that correlate with adverse pregnancies in women with lupus, including, most recently, the activation of complement, a series of proteins that protect us from invading microbes.

FIGHT study proves type-2 diabetes therapy ineffective in the treatment of high-risk heart failure patients
Despite improvements in blood sugar control, the therapy did not improve the clinical stability or pumping action of the heart in patients with advanced heart failure.

Development of nanostructuring technology to simultaneously control heat and electricity
The improvement of thermoelectric materials that can directly convert wasted heat to electric energy may lead to one of the solutions for energy issues.

Study examines prevalence of 'silent' heart attacks in population
In a multiethnic, middle-aged and older study population, the prevalence of myocardial scars (evidence of a heart attack) was nearly 8 percent, of which nearly 80 percent were unrecognized by electrocardiography or clinical evaluation, according to a study in the Nov.
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