Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 10, 2015
UH professor wins bronze for research of rare neurological disorder
Michihisa Umetani, assistant professor of biology and biochemistry at the University of Houston's Center for Nuclear Receptors and Cell Signaling, won a Bronze Prize in the BeHEARD 2015 Science Challenge held by the Rare Genomics Institute.

Largest ensemble simulation of global weather using real-world data
Using the powerful K computer, scientists have run an enormous global weather simulation.

Sea urchin spurs new ideas for lightweight materials
Materials researchers love sea creatures. Mother-of-pearl provokes ideas for smooth surfaces, clams inspire gluey substances, shark's skin is used to develop materials that reduce drag in water, and so on.

Gaucher disease may protect against Parkinson's disease-related color visual impairment
Patients with both PD and GD tend to experience earlier onset of PD and more serious cognitive changes than PD patients without the mutations.

Wrist fractures could predict susceptibility to serious fractures in postmenopausal women
A new UCLA-led study suggests that postmenopausal women younger than age 65 who experienced a wrist fracture could be at increased risk for bone fractures in other parts of their bodies later in life.

Is aging a disease? Scientists call for new classification of aging
In a paper recently published in Frontiers in Genetics, scientists at Insilco Medicine highlight the need for more granular and applied classification of aging in the context of the 11th World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) expected to be finalized in 2018.

Revolutionary new weapon in air pollution fight
People could soon be using their smartphones to combat a deadly form of air pollution, thanks to a potentially life-saving breakthrough by RMIT University researchers.

Pinpointing poverty with cellphone data
Researchers believe that call data records from millions of people can help provide an unparalleled look at communities lacking access to food, health care and other human necessities.

How a mutant worm's reaction to a foul smell could lead to new disease treatment avenues
On Nov. 10 in the journal Science Signaling, University at Buffalo researchers will report that the mutant worms they were studying had altered dopamine signaling because the animals were missing the gene for an enzyme called PRMT-5, which facilitates an important cellular process -- protein arginine methylation.

Researchers develop antibiotic alternative for wound infections
Washington State University researchers for the first time have discovered how electrical stimulation works for the treatment of bacterial infections, paving the way for a viable alternative to medicinal antibiotics.

Datink: Dating inks
When did you make your book entries? When was the settlement signed?

Pitt study: Chronic arsenic exposure can impair ability of muscle to heal after injury
Chronic exposure to arsenic can lead to stem cell dysfunction that impairs muscle healing and regeneration.

Heart valve patients may benefit from managing own blood thinners
Allowing select patients to self-manage blood thinners following heart valve surgery may lead to a lower risk of major complications, according to an article posted online by the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

A clinical score for predicting risk of venous thromboembolism
A new clinical prediction model can help identify high risk of venous thromboembolism among patients with a leg cast, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Kitchen utensils can spread bacteria between foods, UGA study finds
In a recent study funded by the US Food and Drug Administration, University of Georgia researchers found that produce that contained bacteria would contaminate other produce items through the continued use of knives or graters -- the bacteria would latch on to the utensils commonly found in consumers' homes and spread.

New derivation of pi links quantum physics and pure math
In 1655 the English mathematician John Wallis published a book in which he derived a formula for pi as the product of an infinite series of ratios.

Early maternal loss has lifelong effects on chimpanzees
Wild-caught chimpanzees, who were orphaned and imported from Africa in their early infancy, exhibit an impaired social behaviour also as adults.

Services insufficient in supporting those affected
There is an urgent need to do more to recognize prenatal alcohol exposure at an early stage and to integrate better pathways for diagnosis, assessment and support, finds a special issue of the SAGE journal Adoption & Fostering.

Medicines do not seem to degrade faster in space
The results of an opportunistic, pilot-scale study led by Virginia Wotring of the Center for Space Medicine and Department of Pharmacology at Baylor College of Medicine in the US suggest that medication degradation on the International Space Station does not differ from what is typically seen on Earth.

Medicines do not seem to degrade faster in space
The results of an opportunistic, pilot-scale study led by Virginia Wotring suggest that medication degradation on the ISS does not differ from what is typically seen on Earth.

Analysts' stock recommendations are not only independent, they're useful
Contrary to common complaints, analysts' stock recommendations are not only independent, they're useful, according to a new study by financial accounting experts at Rice University, Baruch College and the University of Rochester.

Cardiac rehab coverage expands for chronic heart failure patients with symptoms
Medicare's and Medicaid's newly extended cardiac rehabilitation coverage for chronic heart failure patients with symptoms has tripled the number who are now eligible, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Study shows why 4-year-olds don't thrive in Head Start classes
Most Head Start classrooms serve children of mixed ages and that hurts the academic growth of older children, a new national study suggests.

Discovery of classic pi formula a 'cunning piece of magic'
A mathematician and a physicist have found pi hidden in a ratio of two quantum formulas describing the energy states of the hydrogen atom.

Research links tundra fires, thawing permafrost
Wildfires on Arctic tundra can contribute to widespread permafrost thaw much like blazes in forested areas, according to a study published in the most recent issue of the online journal Scientific Reports.

2015 winners named in expanded AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards competition
Stories on the stressful impact of urban violence on children, the shared aptitudes of humans and songbirds for vocal learning, and the impact of climate change on the forests of Minnesota and beyond, are among the winners of the 2015 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards.

Home-based educational intervention improves asthma among Hispanic children
Significant improvements in frequency of asthma attacks and symptoms, hospitalization rates and acute care visits, quality of life, and asthma knowledge were reported among a largely Hispanic population with a high asthma hospitalization following a home-based approach to educating families that have children with asthma.

Onion-like layers help this efficient new nanoparticle glow
A new, onion-like nanoparticle could open new frontiers in biomaging, solar energy harvesting and light-based security techniques.

BIDMC researchers describe strategies to decrease immune responses in IBD
New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center helps explain the role of an immunosuppressive pathway associated with irritable bowel disease, a condition that develops in genetically susceptible individuals when the body's immune system overreacts to intestinal tissue, luminal bacteria or both.

Polling station environments matter: Physical layout can impact the voting experience
Researchers have found that the polling environment itself can contribute to voters' positive or negative perceptions while voting in the US.

A new explanation for the explosive nature of magnetic reconnection
Scientists have long known that the model typically used to describe magnetic reconnection was unable to explain the speed at which it operates.

New approach allows better modelling of crucial economic activities over time
Researchers in Japan and the UK and USA have developed a better method for modelling important kinds of economic data that may be useful for studying workforces, economic development, health, macroeconomics and other phenomena that vary over time.

Research links tundra fires, thawing permafrost
Wildfires on Arctic tundra can contribute to widespread permafrost thaw much like blazes in forested areas, according to a study published in the most recent issue of the online journal Scientific Reports.

Could humans survive decades in a fallout shelter? (video)
It's a big week for gamers now that the long-anticipated Fallout 4 video game is being released.

Climate change adaptation in high income countries: Some clear progress
A McGill University-led group of researchers are looking at whether progress is being made in designing policies and initiatives to reduce vulnerability to climate change across countries.

University of Waterloo invention wins International James Dyson Award
Voltera V-One, a custom circuit board printer developed by University of Waterloo engineering students, has taken top prize in this year's International James Dyson Award competition, beating out a record 710 entries from 20 countries.

Alcohol abuse may predict congestive heart failure; even among younger adults
Alcohol abuse was associated with a 70 percent increased risk of congestive heart failure in adults and the link was especially strong among younger adults (60 years or younger) and those without high blood pressure, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Researchers to study how to treat behavior that leads to type 2 diabetes
Warren Bickel, a professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, recently received a $2.4 million grant to investigate and improve maladaptive decision-making that may contribute to type 2 diabetes.

Achieving Life's Simple 7 reduces more than heart disease
Achieving the seven heart-health metrics of the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 also helps reduce many other chronic diseases, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Study unlocks faster way to assess ocean ecosystem health
A new study published today identifies a set of features common to all ocean ecosystems that provide a visual diagnosis of the health of the underwater environment coastal communities rely on.

Evidence shows low energy sweeteners help reduce energy intake and body weight
Use of low energy sweeteners (LES) in place of sugar, in children and adults, leads to reduced calorie intake and body weight - and possibly also when comparing LES beverages to water -- according to a review led by researchers at the University of Bristol published in the International Journal of Obesity today.

Novel stem cell line avoids risk of introducing transplanted tumors
In a new study published Nov. 10, 2015 in the online journal eLIFE, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine describe a new 'progenitor cell' capable of unlimited expansion and differentiation into mature kidney cells, but without the risk of forming tumors.

Tighter local alcohol licensing curbs linked to fewer drink-related hospital admissions
Tighter local alcohol licensing curbs are linked to fewer drink-related hospital admissions in these areas, reveals research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

College football linemen face greater risk of heart problems
A study of freshman college athletes found participation in American-style football was associated with significant increases in systolic blood pressure.

The secret to safe DNA repair
New research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is shedding important light on the DNA repair process and a protein newly discovered to have an essential role in preventing errors and mutations from occurring.

The gut microbiota can influence the effectiveness of dietary treatments
Why a dietary treatment works for some but not others seems to depend on interactions between the gut microbiota and the diet.

Explaining a mysterious barrier to fusion known as the 'density limit'
Why do tokamak plasmas spiral apart when reaching a certain maximum density and halt fusion reactions?

What counts as fair?
Neuroscientists at MIT and University of Rochester find that children's ability to count is key to distributing resources based on merit.

Copenhagen company to re-invent fresh air for city dwellers
Air pollution is making city living detrimental to health at an increasing speed.

Clay makes better high-temp batteries
Rice University scientists develop lithium-ion batteries with clay-based electrolytes for high-temperature environments.

Using copper to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses
New research has found that copper can effectively help to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, which are linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

Penn researchers present findings on cardiac risks for patients with chronic kidney disease
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), which afflicts more than 26 million Americans, is a condition in which individuals experience a slow loss of kidney function over time.

New ACP paper explores impact of 'concierge' and other direct patient contracting practices
The American College of Physicians today released a position paper exploring the factors driving the growth of 'concierge' and other 'direct patient contracting practices' (DPCPs) and the 'limited' evidence on their impact on patient care.

New treatment option may be on the horizon for polymyalgia rheumatica
A drug approved to treat rheumatoid arthritis, tocilizumab, yielded favorable results as a potential new therapy for patients with polymyalgia rheumatic in an open-label, phase II study conducted at Hospital for Special Surgery.

New vaccine could prevent high cholesterol
A new cholesterol-lowering vaccine leads to reductions in 'bad' LDL cholesterol in mice and macaques, according to research published in Vaccine.

California 6th grade science books: Climate change a matter of opinion not scientific fact
A new study from SMU, Dallas, and Stanford University that analyzed four California science textbooks from major publishers found they position climate change as a debate over differing opinions.

Functionality of smartphones can even be integrated into ordinary glasses
Spin-off company Dispelix Oy will commercialize a new display -- developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland -- which brings visual information directly into the user's field of vision, as a high-definition image on an eyeglass lens

Pancreatic cancer: CD44 protein induces metastases
Due to their rapid metastatic spread, pancreatic tumors are among the most aggressive types of cancer.

Computer model reveals deadly route of Ebola outbreak
A research team led by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health mapped the spread of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, providing the most detailed picture to date on the disease spread and identifying two critical opportunities to control the epidemic.

Northern lakes act as CO2 chimneys in a warming world
Many of the world's approximately 117 million lakes act as wet chimneys releasing large amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, CO2, into the atmosphere.

Close-up view of galaxies prompts re-think on star formation
Astronomers have identified for the first time one of the key components of many stars, a study suggests.

The long and short of plasma turbulence
One of the world's largest supercomputers reveals the complex interplay between two types of turbulence known to occur in fusion plasmas, paving the way for improved fusion reactor design.

Sugar molecules lose their 'Cinderella' status
A team from the York Structural Biology Laboratory in the Department of Chemistry at the University of York has produced user-friendly software called Privateer that enables scientists to analyze and study the three-dimensional structure of carbohydrates facilitating their exploitation in academic and modern medicine.

Recreating a heavenly chorus of plasma waves on Earth
New experiments have successfully excited elusive plasma waves, known as whistler-mode chorus waves, which have hitherto only been observed in the Earth's near-space environment.

First, do no harm: Hospital patients given anti-heartburn drugs have higher risk of dying
Right now, in any American hospital, about half of the patients have a prescription for an acid-reducing drug to reduce heartburn or prevent bleeding in their stomach and gut.

Nanotechnology advances could pave way for implantable artificial kidney
New advances in nanopore technology could lead to the development of a surgically implantable, artificial kidney.

Intellectual disabilities share disease mechanisms, study suggests
Brain disorders that cause intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders may share common defects despite having different genetic causes, a University of Edinburgh study has found.

Virginia Tech shooting has lessons for strengthening college mental health services
As the nation reels from another mass shooting on a college campus, analysis of the 2007 attack at Virginia Tech University highlights the need for comprehensive and coordinated mental health services on college campuses, according to a paper in the November/December issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

PNNL researchers part of 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics
Hot on the tail of this year's Nobel prize in physics, another prize came to the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Collaboration -- the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics.

Does alcohol consumption affect the risk for Parkinson's disease?
For many years, researchers have been investigating whether there are any associations between Parkinson's disease and lifestyle choices such as smoking and coffee and alcohol consumption.

Dust, iron, life
Dust begets life, and Earth's atmosphere 300 million years ago was perhaps the dustiest of all time, with large consequences for carbon cycling and the climate system.

Study compares outcomes for different methods of drug-releasing stent implantation
Myeong-Ki Hong, M.D., Ph.D., of the Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea and colleagues randomly assigned 1,400 patients with long coronary lesions to receive intravascular ultrasound-guided (n = 700) or angiography-guided (n = 700) everolimus-eluting stent implantation.

Striking the right note on a magnetic violin
Physicists have found an effective way to mitigate some destructive modes in a tokomak without adversely affecting plasma in the core region.

Short bursts of high-intensity exercise does more for type 2 diabetes
Short bursts of high-intensity exercise improved cholesterol, blood sugar and weight among type 2 diabetes patients more than 30 minutes of sustained, lower-intensity exercise.

Experts recommend modeling to avoid earthquakes resulting from fracking
Using computer analysis prior to drilling could limit seismic events as a result of hydraulic fracturing, according to new research published in the Canadian Geotechnical Journal.

Sunscreen ingredient may prevent medical implant infections
A common ingredient in sunscreen could be an effective antibacterial coating for medical implants such as pacemakers and replacement joints.

Childhood cancer survivors at heightened risk of several autoimmune diseases
Childhood cancer survivors are at heightened risk of a wide range of autoimmune diseases, reveals research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Wayne State receives $1.4 million from NSF to prepare next generation of math teachers in Detroit
There is a growing critical need to produce a high quality teaching workforce in elementary and middle school mathematics nationally.

Breakthrough in superconducting materials opens new path to fusion
The emergence of high-temperature superconductors that can also operate at high magnetic fields opens a new, lower-cost path to fusion energy.

UA-led research: Prevention of macular degeneration possible
University of Arizona researchers have found that patients who take levodopa, or l-dopa, a common treatment for Parkinson's disease, appear far less likely to develop macular degeneration, an eye disease that gradually destroys the ability to read, drive, write and see close-up in 30 percent of older Americans.

UCI to livestream symposium: The Challenge of Informed Consent in Times of Controversy
The 2015 stem cell symposium, The Challenge of Informed Consent in Times of Controversy, will take place from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Mercury gets a meteoroid shower from Comet Encke
The planet Mercury is being pelted regularly by bits of dust from an ancient comet, a new study has concluded.

Mars' moon Phobos is slowly falling apart
The long, shallow grooves lining the surface of Phobos are likely early signs of the structural failure that will ultimately destroy this moon of Mars.

Bystander CPR on kids has increased, survival odds improve for some
Just under half of children that had an out of hospital cardiac arrest received CPR from bystanders.

Novel double dagger anti-cancer agent
Veteran cancer researcher Professor Emeritus Alexander Levitzki and other senior colleagues from Hebrew University of Jerusalem describe new potential drug-treatment research through a careful study of, and link, between colorectal cancer and melanoma.

Science Bulletin published a special topic on 'stem cell, basis and application'
A new issue of Science Bulletin published a special topic on 'stem cell, basis and application' recently.

Ultra-thin, tunable, broadband microwave absorber may advance radar cloaking
Microwave absorbers are a kind of material that can effectively absorb incident microwave energy to make objects invisible to radar.

International research project on EU-Turkey relations
In an intense competition, the European Commission's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation has awarded a grant of 2.5 million euros to the Jean Monnet Chair for European Politics at the University of Cologne.

Mineralogist and materials scientist, Dr. Rodney Ewing, recognized for service to the geosciences
The American Geosciences Institute recognizes Rodney C. Ewing for Superlative Service in the Geosciences.

Intensive farming link to bovine TB
Intensive farming practices such as larger herd size, maize growth, fewer hedgerows and the use of silage have been linked to higher risk of bovine TB, new research has concluded.

Liquid biopsy of cerebrospinal fluid for more effective policing of brain tumors
The exploitation of cerebrospinal fluid-derived circulating DNA as liquid biopsy promises a more accurate, effective and less invasive approach in unmasking the molecular characteristics of brain tumors.

Taste perception is influenced by extreme noise conditions
In recent work published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Yan and Dando (2015) examined the influence of the extreme noise conditions encountered during flight on the five basic tastes.

Researchers find way to create wide variety of new holograms
Researchers have developed techniques that can be used to create ideal geometric phase holograms for any kind of optical pattern -- a significant advance over the limitations of previous techniques.

Dengue: Asymptomatic people transmit the virus to mosquitoes
Scientists at the Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, the Institut Pasteur in Paris and the CNRS provided proof that people infected by dengue virus but showing no clinical symptoms can actually infect mosquitoes that bite them.

NASA's beach ball coronagraph
NASA scientist Phillip Chamberlin and his team at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., now are developing a formation-flying CubeSat mission to study the sun's atmosphere or corona.

Growing Antarctic ice sheet caused ancient Mediterranean to dry up
An international research team led by a scientist at New Zealand's University of Otago has resolved the mystery of the processes involved in the Mediterranean Sea drying up around 5.6 million years ago.

Black mouse-eared bat goes green: First case of a fruit-eating bat in the largest genus
Out of more than 110 allegedly well-studied mouse-eared bat species, there is one that has been keeping its diet a mystery.

Smartphone compatible listening device may rival gold standard stethoscope
HeartBuds, a smartphone compatible listening device for cardiovascular sounds, works as well as widely used FDA-approved traditional and digital stethoscopes and better than FDA-approved disposable stethoscopes, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Physicists uncover mechanism that stabilizes plasma within tokamaks
Under certain conditions a helix-shaped whirlpool of plasma forms around the center of the tokamak.

Scientists measure the 'beauty' of coral reefs
Almost every person has an appreciation for natural environments. In addition, most people find healthy or pristine locations with high biodiversity more beautiful and aesthetically pleasing than environmentally degraded locations.

Large landowners key to slowing deforestation in Brazil
An analysis by Brown sociologists of data on land use in Mato Grosso, Brazil's third largest state, reveals that a large proportion of deforestation, as well as remaining forest cover, can be found on large private properties.

Department of Energy's ESnet and NERSC blaze 400G production network path
The Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have built a 400 gigabit-per-second (Gbps) super-channel, the first-ever 400G production link to be deployed by a national research and education network.

Online tracking more common than most realize, finds new study
Think your web browsing is private? A new study of one million top websites finds that 88 percent reveal user data to third parties, often without the user's knowledge.

Study finds teasing girls about weight is more than a playground joke
A new University of Houston study examined a practice that may seem like a harmless playground antic, but could have long-lasting and harmful effects to a young girl's perception of herself and of food.

Lung cancer surgery can be beneficial for high-risk patients with early stage disease
Surgical lung resection, in which part of a lung is removed, can be a safe and effective treatment option for high-risk patients with early stage lung cancer, according to an article posted online by the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Adding antiangiogenesis increases effectiveness of radiation against NF2-associated tumors
Treatment with antiangiogenesis drugs may improve the effectiveness of radiation treatment of nervous system tumors that interfere with the hearing of patients with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis 2.

NASA spots Kate speeding away from the Bahamas
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite and NOAA's GOES-East satellite both saw strong thunderstorms circling Tropical Storm Kate's center of circulation as the storm sped away from the Bahamas.

Controlling levels of specific gut bacteria could help prevent severe diarrhea
Everyone has suffered from it. It's ranged from mild to severe.

Obese kids young as age 8 show signs of heart disease
Imaging tests of obese children's hearts showed signs of heart disease, including kids as young as 8 years old.

Childhood obesity is linked to poverty and parenting style
With childhood obesity rates on the rise, a team of based researchers embarked on a study to show how authoritarian parenting and household income combine to affect kid's obesity risk.

Research points to development of single vaccine for Chikungunya, related viruses
What if a single vaccine could protect people from infection by many different viruses?

Microwave field imaging using diamond and vapor cells
Microwave field imaging is becoming increasingly important, as microwaves play an essential role in modern communications technology and can also be used in medical diagnostics.

NASA heads to Pacific Northwest for field campaign to measure rain and snowfall
From Nov. 10-Dec. 21, NASA and university scientists are taking to the field to study wet winter weather near Seattle, Wash.

Weight loss and lipid improvements sustained 8 years after surgery
Eight years after having gastric bypass surgery as teenagers, patients continue to have significant weight loss and improvement in their lipid profiles.

A treasure trove of new cancer biomarkers
Research conducted at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies (CLST) in Japan and the Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research in Australia has identified a large number of genes that are upregulated in many different types of cancer, opening the door for developing biomarker tests that could be used to detect cancers early, allowing for prompt treatment.

'Post-hospital syndrome' found to be a risk factor for elective surgery
A condition known as 'post-hospital syndrome' is a significant risk factor for patients who undergo elective outpatient surgery, a Loyola study has found.

Lowering China's pollution could prevent about 900,000 cardiovascular deaths by 2030
Air pollution is a leading cardiovascular disease risk factor in Beijing and urban China.

New book examines health challenges for the rapidly urbanizing planet
'Innovating for Healthy Urbanization' is edited by three experts with deep experience in global health issues.

Faster brain waves make shorter gaps in the visual stream
'Blink and you'll miss it' isn't only for eyelids. The human brain also blinks, dropping a few frames of visual information here and there.

Peruvian rainforest 22 times the size of Chicago named a national park
Peru's government designated 3.3 million acres of Amazonian rainforest in the Sierra del Divisor mountain range as a national park.

Emotionally supportive relationships linked to lower testosterone
Science and folklore alike have long suggested that high levels of testosterone can facilitate the sorts of attitudes and behavior that make for, well, a less than ideal male parent.

How voters would accept higher gas tax
Americans would be more likely to accept a gas tax increase if they knew the extra revenue would improve energy efficiency, repair roads and bridges or be refunded to taxpayers equally, indicates a new study by two Michigan State University sociologists.

'Missing' data complicate picture of where patients choose to die
A funded study from the University of Cambridge has raised questions about the widely-held assumption that most patients at the end of their lives prefer to die at home rather than a hospice or hospital.

Endocrine Society experts delve into diabetes among seniors, microbiome and transgender health
Health and science journalists are invited to hear about emerging trends in the microbiome, transgender health, diabetes, and endocrine-disrupting chemicals during the Endocrine Society's 2015 Hormones & Health Science Writers Conference.

Tobacco use fueled by e-cigs, hookah remains high among US Hispanics/Latinos
Tobacco use remains a serious problem among Hispanic/Latino adults, with increasing use and acceptance of e-cigarettes and hookah among younger tobacco users living in the United States, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2015.

Mindfulness meditation trumps placebo in pain reduction
Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have found new evidence that mindfulness meditation reduces pain more effectively than placebo.

Rare Her2 mutations may not always spur breast cancers on their own
Results of a new laboratory study by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers suggests that some rare 'missense' mutations in the HER2 gene are apparently not -- on their own -- capable of causing breast cancer growth or spread.

Low-income, elderly, women less likely to complete cardiac rehab after bypass
Bypass patients who are older, female and/or from lower-income neighborhoods are more likely to face delays in beginning cardiac rehabilitation (CR), making them less likely to complete CR, which can lead to a higher mortality risk, suggests a new study.

LocoMouse - Innovative tool sheds light on motor deficits
State-of-the-art open-source tool developed by researchers at Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown in Lisbon captures fine details of locomotion and offers new insights onto the neural basis of balance and coordination.

Scientists date the origin of the cacao tree to 10 million years ago
New research shows that cacao trees evolved around 10 million years ago, earlier than previously believed.

Highly sensitive sensors successfully map electrical patterns of embryonic heart
Highly sensitive sensors have been successfully used to map the electrical activity of the developing heart in embryos, in a University of Sussex study published today -- Nov.

NASA's Terra satellite sees landfall for Tropical Cyclone Megh
Tropical Cyclone Megh became the second tropical cyclone to make landfall in Yemen in one week.

New SARS-like virus can jump directly from bats to humans, no treatment available
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a new bat SARS-like virus that can jump directly from its bat hosts to humans without mutation.

Immaculate white: New moth species preferring dry habitats is a rare case for Florida
Spreading its wings over the sandhills and scrub of peninsular Florida, a moth species with immaculately white wings has remained unnoticed by science until Dr.

Coronavirus breakthrough by INRS researchers
Quebec researchers have discovered that a mutation in a coronavirus protein slows the spread of the virus in the central nervous system and reduces its neurovirulence.

Geophysics could slow Antarctic ice retreat
The anticipated melting of the massive West Antarctic Ice Sheet could be slowed by two big factors that are largely overlooked in current computer models, according to a new study.

UCLA professor proposes simpler way to define what makes a planet
UCLA professor of planetary astronomy Jean-Luc Margot today described a simple 'planet test' that can be readily applied to bodies orbiting the sun and other stars.

Participatory breeding program assists organic tomato growers
The first two phases of a participatory breeding program for organic tomatoes revealed grower preferences and recommended cultivars and hybrids that can meet the needs of Midwest organic growers.

Changing habits to improve health: New study indicates behavior changes work
Improving your heart health may be as simple as making small behavioral changes -- a new study of behavioral health interventions suggests that they are effective at helping people alter their lifestyles and lead to physical changes that could improve overall health. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to