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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 13, 2015


Injection instead of laser may be viable treatment option for diabetic retinopathy
Among patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, treatment with an injection in the eye of the drug ranibizumab resulted in visual acuity that was not worse than panretinal photocoagulation at two years, according to a study appearing in JAMA.
Strong odor challenge of mercaptans
Pd/NHC Catalytic system, developed in the Ananikov laboratory, targeted on alternative technology of chemical utilization of organic sulfur species from crude oil.
Researchers design and patent graphene biosensors
The US Patent Office has recently published the patent application (no.
Network analysis shows systemic risk in mineral markets
A shortage of a rare mineral could spur global market instabilities, according to a new analysis of international commodity trade networks.
Not so happy old age?
The notion that older people are happier than younger people is being challenged following a recent study led by a University of Bradford lecturer.
The International academic conference 'Foresight and STI Policy', Moscow
Experts from all over the world will gather to discuss the shape of science and technology in the future, setting and implementing S&T development priorities, international cooperation in the area, further development of foresight methodology, and improving S&T policy tools.
Research collaboration over drug for chronic wounds
The biotech company Omnio based in Swedish Umeå, and led by researcher Tor Ny at Umeå University, launches a research collaboration with the Canadian pharmaceutical company ProMetic to develop a new drug for slow-healing chronic wounds.
Building with nature: Ecological design for next-generation cities
ESA's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment celebrates the centennial of the society with perspectives on the potential for ecological science to influence the design of the next generation cities and their infrastructure.
Global maternal mortality fell 44 percent since 1990: UN group, UMass statistician
In the study, lead authors Alkema and World Health Organization (WHO) medical officer Dr.
Sea ice plays a pivotal role in the Arctic methane cycle
The ice-covered Arctic Ocean is a more important factor concerning the concentration of the greenhouse gas methane in the atmosphere than previously assumed.
UK's Quantum Hubs show future technology
A packed audience at the Royal Society in London was given sight of the new technologies being developed at the UK's four Quantum Technologies Hubs yesterday at the first Quantum Technology Showcase.
5400mph winds discovered hurtling around planet outside solar system
Winds of over 2km per second have been discovered flowing around planet outside of the Earth's solar system, new research has found.
How DNA and a supercomputer can help sustain honey bee populations
To uncover what plants honey bees rely on, researchers are applying DNA metabarcoding to pollen analysis.
Simultaneous pregnancy and leukaemia offer a treatment challenge
The 36-year-old patient had finished a course of treatment for her already unusual case of CLL when she became unintentionally pregnant.
Living liver donors satisfied with donation process says study
A study of living liver donors found donors were highly satisfied with the donation process.
Lucentis proves effective against proliferative diabetic retinopathy
A clinical trial among more than 300 patients has found that the drug ranibizumab (Lucentis) is highly effective in treating proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), a complication of diabetes that can severely damage eyesight.
Parasitic fungi and the battle against coffee rust disease
Coffee rust has ravaged Latin American plantations for several years, leading to reductions in annual coffee production of up to 30 percent in some countries and threatening the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of small-scale farmers in the region.
Launch of the African Centre for Obesity Prevention
Members of the media are invited to attend the breakfast launch of African Centre for Obesity Prevention on Nov.
Device-assisted feeding and poor growth in newborns with CHD may lead to poor neurodevelopment
Newborns with a congenital heart defect often need advanced medical care to survive, leaving them vulnerable to cognitive delays.
Rare facial paralysis gives researchers new insights into social interaction
Persons with facial paralysis or permanently disfigured faces often experience difficulties in their social interactions because they lack facial expressivity.
New model helps predict breast cancer risk in Hispanic women
The first breast cancer risk-prediction model based entirely on data from Hispanic women, including whether a woman was born in or outside of the United States, provided a more accurate assessment of Hispanic women's risk of developing breast cancer compared with existing models based on data from non-Hispanic women, according to a study presented at the AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov.
Isle of Skye fossil makes three species one
The discovery of a tiny, 170-million-year-old fossil on the Isle of Skye, off the north-west coast of the UK, has led Oxford University researchers to conclude that three previously recognized species are in fact just one.
Invasive freshwater species in Europe's lakes and rivers: How do they come in?
A JRC-led article has identified escape from aquaculture facilities, releases in the wild due to pet/aquarium trade and stocking activities as the main pathways of alien species introduction in European lakes and rivers.
Have an apple-shaped body? You may be more susceptible to binge eating
Women with apple-shaped bodies -- those who store more of their fat in their trunk and abdominal regions -- may be at particular risk for the development of eating episodes during which they experience a sense of 'loss of control,' according to a new study from Drexel University.
New microscopy technology may help surgeons save more lives
Biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons at the University of Arizona develop augmented microscopy technology to help surgeons operate with greater precision and reduced risk of harming patients.
Crash test simulations expose real risks
More than 33,000 Americans die in motor vehicle crashes annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Diabetes dilemma: Most Europeans unsure how to reduce type 2 diabetes risk, research finds
With 600 million people expected to suffer from type 2 diabetes by 2035, are we on the verge of a public health crisis?
Dr. Scott Burns recognized for his contribution to the public understanding of geoscience
Scott Burns, engineering geologist and geomorphologist and media personality was recognized by the American Geosciences Institute with its Outstanding Contribution to the Understanding of Geoscience award.
Child abuse rises in connection with soldiers' deployments
Children under age two may be at heightened risk for abuse and neglect during the six months immediately following a parent's return from deployment in the US Army, and the risk may rise among Army families with soldiers who are deployed more than once.
Disparities in colorectal cancer death rates take a large economic toll
Disparities in colorectal cancer death rates take a large toll on the national economy, with poorer, less-educated communities bearing the greatest burden, according to data presented at the Eighth American Association for Cancer Research Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov.
Healthy diet may reduce risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women
A healthy diet may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, according to data presented at the Eighth American Association for Cancer Research Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov.
3-D printing aids in understanding food enjoyment
Tasting food relies on food volatiles moving from the back of the mouth to the nasal cavity, but researchers have wondered why airflow doesn't carry them in the other direction, into the lungs.
Will immunotherapy add value to chemotherapy for HER-2 positive gastric cancer?
EORTC trial 1203 -- Integration of trastuzumab, with or without pertuzumab, into perioperative chemotherapy of HER-2 positive stomach cancer, is open for recruitment for patients with early, HER-2 positive gastric cancer.
Seniors expend as much energy as Tour de France cyclists
Well-trained seniors expend as much energy as Tour de France cyclists.
GSA and Springboard GSA and Springboard Enterprises name start-up finalists for Dolphin Tank Pitch Session
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) and Springboard Enterprises have announced seven finalists for the Dolphin Tank start-up pitch session, taking place on Friday, November 20, in Orlando, Florida at the Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin.
Irradiated anthrax can be sequenced -- fast!
These days, mail addressed to selected government offices gets irradiated, in order to kill any biological agents, notably anthrax spores.
Receiving curative lung cancer surgery varies by state
The likelihood of receiving curative-intent surgery for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer varies substantially from state to state, according to data presented at the Eighth American Association for Cancer Research Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, held Nov.
Encouraging motivation to benefit others can lead to more effective teams
When team members are motivated toward promoting the benefits of others, they are higher-performing and stay in their teams for a longer period, according to a new study.
Former Tropical Cyclone Kate examined by GPM, RapidScat and GOES-East
NASA and NOAA recently got three different views of former tropical cyclone Kate from space.
Really, what is the internet of things?
The Internet of Things, IoT, the cloud, big data...buzzwords for the modern age.
Large study sums up health issues for new child refugees to US
For refugee children newly arrived in the US, hepatitis B, tuberculosis, parasitic worms, high blood lead levels and anemia are among the top public health concerns covered by screening programs.
EARTH: Travertine buildup reflects Ancient Rome's water usage
For years historians and scientists have tried to understand the ancient marvel of the Roman aqueducts to better understand Rome itself.
#FAUTwitterStudy uses 20 million tweets to understand people and real-world situations
What can you tell about people and their situations from only 140 characters?
Streamlining mobile image processing
At the Siggraph Asia conference last week, researchers from MIT, Stanford University, and Adobe Systems presented a system that, in experiments, reduced the bandwidth consumed by server-based image processing by as much as 98.5 percent, and the power consumption by as much as 85 percent.
Chemists turn bacterial molecules into potential drug molecules
Yan-Yeung Luk, associate professor of chemistry at Syracuse University, and his research team have published their findings in ChemBioChem (John Wiley & Sons, 2015), explaining how they have created molecules that mimic and dominate toxic ones secreted by bacteria.
Hackers gonna hack: UH Gets $2.6 million to protect next-gen 911 centers
It's common to hear of cyberattacks hitting private companies, the government, retailers, airlines, banks, law firms and, now, even 911 dispatch centers.
Loss of diversity near melting coastal glaciers
Melting glaciers are causing a loss of species diversity among benthos in the coastal waters off the Antarctic Peninsula, impacting an entire seafloor ecosystem.
New research center to investigate errors in weather forecasts and limits of predictability
Since the atmosphere is a chaotic system, there is also a fundamental limit to predictability beyond which a weather forecast cannot be extended by any practical means.
Bigelow Laboratory in international effort to develop marine microbial ecology model
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences Scientist José Antonio Fernández Robledo will spend the next year developing molecular tools to better understand dinoflagellates' function and how they might transform themselves under varying conditions.
Parkinson's disease: A new tool aims to improve diagnosis and advance treatment
A group of experts working under the umbrella of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS), have developed a new tool for healthcare professionals that they hope will mark a significant advancement in the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson's disease, especially in its early stages.
Lasers could rapidly make materials hotter than the Sun
Lasers could heat materials to temperatures hotter than the centre of the Sun in only 20 quadrillionths of a second, according to new research.
Cyclin' out of gear: Malaria parasites grinding to a halt
Scientists from the University of Nottingham have uncovered the role of cyclin -- the protein molecule that drives the growth of malaria within mosquitoes.
Lucentis effective for proliferative diabetic retinopathy
A clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health has found that the drug ranibizumab (Lucentis) is highly effective in treating proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Scientists sniff out female mouse scents that make males frisky
Scientists have identified two chemical scents in the urine of female mice that arouse sexual behavior in males, a discovery that shines a spotlight on how mouse pheromones control behavior.
DFG to fund sixteen new research training groups
Topics range from key mechanisms of aging to cultures of critique, €72 million in funding for 4.5-year period, 25-year anniversary of program promoting structured doctoral research and training.
Meeting transportation needs will improve lives of those with ASD, their families
An integrated approach to providing access to reliable and safe transportation is needed for adults on the autism spectrum and their families, according to a new Rutgers study that offers recommendations for removing barriers to better mobility.
FDA approves Adjuvant Yervoy in melanoma based on results of EORTC trial 18071
Based on the results of EORTC trial 18071, the FDA expanded the approval of Yervoy (ipilimumab) in melanoma to include adjuvant treatment of patients with stage 3 melanoma at high risk of recurrence following complete resection.
IBM and University of Warwick develop Big Data ethics course
A partnership between the University of Warwick and IBM is to offer researchers guidance through the ethical minefield of using big data and real time analytics.
The first human uses of beeswax have been established in Anatolia in 7000 BCE
When and where did the interest in bees emerge? Nature has just published the article entitled Widespread Exploitation of the Honeybee by Early Neolithic Farmers, produced by an international group in which two researchers from the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country participated.
Examining civil wars from 1816 to today, CQ Press launches A Guide to Intra-state Wars
While the practice of war has been a feature of humankind for millennia, few understand the phenomenon through systematic analysis, especially when it comes to organized warfare within states.

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