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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 16, 2015


Half the world's natural history specimens may have the wrong name
As many as 50 percent of all natural history specimens held in the world's museums could be wrongly named, according to a new study by researchers from Oxford University and the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Forged in the hearts of stars
Arizona State University professors are studying thermonuclear reaction rates to determine how much of certain elements exploding stars can produce.
Brushing up peptides boosts their potential as drugs
Peptides promise to be useful drugs, but they're too easily digested and can't get into cells without help.
UW team refrigerates liquids with a laser for the first time
Since the first laser was invented in 1960, they've always given off heat, either as a useful tool, a byproduct or a fictional way to vanquish intergalactic enemies.
Whether you are territorial, a girlfriend stealer or a cross-dresser, it's in your genes
Whether you're territorial, a girlfriend stealer, or a cross-dresser -- when it comes to finding a partner, scientists have discovered that for some birds it's all in the genes.
Bats use weighty wings to land upside down
In order to roost upside down on cave ceilings or tree limbs, bats need to perform an aerobatic feat unlike anything else in the animal world.
Scientists uncover re-evolution of disruptive camouflage in horned praying mantises
A scientist from The Cleveland Museum of Natural History led research that revised the horned praying mantis group and traced the evolution of its distinctive camouflage features.
Bats use weighty wings to land upside down
In order to roost upside down on cave ceilings or tree limbs, bats need to perform an aerobatic feat unlike anything else in the animal world.
High-tech analysis of proto-mammal fossil clarifies the mammalian family tree
A new analysis of the jaw of one of the earliest known proto-mammals sheds light on efforts to accurately date the period when mammals first evolved and clarifies the mammalian family tree.
Empathy is key to political persuasion, shows new research
It's not news that liberals and conservatives are lousy at winning each other over.
Study sheds light on why parasite makes TB infections worse
Scientists have shown how a parasitic worm infection common in the developing world increases susceptibility to tuberculosis.
Nature and nurture: Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental influences
In a study published on Nov. 16, scientists discovered that human brains exhibit more plasticity, propensity to be modeled by the environment, than chimpanzee brains and that this may have accounted for part of human evolution.
Safe spaces play important role in community-based HIV prevention, research finds
The creation and sustainment of 'safe spaces' may play a critical role in community-based HIV prevention efforts by providing social support and reducing environmental barriers for vulnerable populations, a new study from an Oregon State University researcher has found.
Yoga may lessen side effects in men undergoing prostate cancer treatment
Men with prostate cancer who are undergoing radiation therapy can benefit from yoga, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania reported at the Society of Integrative Oncology's 12th International Conference.
High yield crops a step closer in light of photosynthesis discovery
Crops with improved yields could more easily become a reality, thanks to a development by scientists.
Gene drive reversibility introduces new layer of biosafety
In a new study published in Nature Biotechnology, a team led by George Church, Ph.D., and Kevin Esvelt, Ph.D., at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard Medical School demonstrates effective safeguarding mechanisms for working with gene drives and unveils a first-of-its-kind method for reversing the changes they spread.
From garden to gut: New book from explores hidden world of microbes
A new book by geologist David Montgomery and his wife, Anne Bikle, takes a historical and deeply personal look at the hidden world of microbes.
Tougher disability benefit assessment may have taken 'serious' toll on mental health
The introduction of a more stringent test to assess eligibility for disability benefit in England may have taken a 'serious' toll on the nation's mental health, concludes research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
New nanoscopic tools to study ligand-binding of receptors and quantifying two ligand-binding sites while imaging membrane receptors
A new high resolution method developed by an international team of scientists including Robert Tampé and Ralph Wieneke from Goethe University Frankfurt now allows for the first time precise identification and quantification of interactions of a receptor with two ligands simultaneously.
Responding to 'C. diff' -- concerted action needed to control health care-related infection
Appropriate use of antibiotics is a critical step toward controlling the ongoing epidemic of health care-related Clostridium difficile infection, according to a special article in the November issue of Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice.
Global energy demand has adverse effects on freshwater resources of less developed nations
Global energy demand from developed nations has an adverse impact on freshwater resources in less developed nations according to a new study.
Quantum computer coding in silicon now possible
A team of Australian engineers has proven -- with the highest score ever obtained -- that a quantum version of computer code can be written, and manipulated, using two quantum bits in a silicon microchip.
Bird decline shows that climate change is more than just hot air
Scientists have long known that birds are feeling the heat due to climate change.
Presence of female executives may negatively impact other women aspiring to senior leadearship
After analyzing 20 years of data on the S&P 1,500 firms, researchers have proposed a theory that women in top management face an implicit quota, whereby a firm's leadership makes an effort to have a small number of women on the top management team but makes less effort to have, or even resists having, larger numbers of women.
Nearsightedness progression in children slowed down by medicated eye drops
Atropine .01 percent eye drops slow down nearsightedness by roughly 50 percent in five-year clinical trial on Singaporean children.
Flowers that point to the sky may attract more moth pollinators
Plants that have flowers that point towards the sky may be better at attracting moth pollinators than plants that have 'shy' flowers that point sideways.
Mount Sinai Heart director discusses population health promotion and a stratified approach for cardiovascular health
Valentin Fuster, M.D., Ph.D., Director of Mount Sinai Heart and Physician-in-Chief of The Mount Sinai Hospital joined a panel of international experts at the United Nations where he spoke about promoting cardiovascular health worldwide and how the practice of medicine will change to reflect an increase in ambulatory care.
UTA landscape architect creating sustainable plantings through 'polycultures'
Landscape architect David Hopman isn't only installing plants on a sparse patch of ground just west of the College of Architecture, Planning and Public Affairs Building: he is shaping a new way of thinking about how and what to plant.
Changes in metabolites can regulate earliest stages of development
Changes in cellular metabolites, the simple compounds generated during life-sustaining chemical activities in cells, have been shown to regulate embryonic stem cell development at the earliest stages of life.
Valley current control shows way to ultra-low-power devices
University of Tokyo researchers have demonstrated an electrically-controllable valley current device that may pave the way to ultra-low-power 'valleytronics' devices.
Mistaken identities of tropical plants raise questions on biodiversity data
The primary way that researchers know anything about the distribution of species in the natural world is via the specimen collections housed in museums all around the world.
Long-term effects of common pesticides on aquatic species
New research indicates that commonly used insecticide mixtures continue to impact aquatic invertebrate species over multiple weeks, even when the chemicals are no longer detectable in water.
Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental influences, study finds
Human brains exhibit more plasticity, the tendency to be modeled by the environment, than chimpanzee brains, which may account for part of human evolution, according to researchers at Georgia State University, the George Washington University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Study: How students of different backgrounds use strategies to strengthen college applications
Over the past 25 years, the higher education system in the United States has grown more competitive, with students trying to gain admissions to the most desirable institutions and institutions vying for the most desirable students.
Duquesne Light and University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering partner
Duquesne Light will make a $500,000, multi-year financial contribution to help fund electric power research, energy efficiency, laboratory facilities, and equipment at Pitt, in addition to providing the necessary expertise to interconnect any new electric power laboratory facilities to the existing electric power grid.
'Tuning in' to a fast and optimized internet
The path toward an even faster internet has been hindered by energy consumption and cost per optical component.
Researchers find experimental drug can help fight debilitating side effect of ovarian cancer
UCLA researchers have found that a drug that inhibits a receptor called the Colony-Stimulating-Factor-1 Receptor, or CSF1R, reduces ascites with minimal side effects.
U-M launches emergency study of severe seizures
What's the best way to treat someone who's stuck in a prolonged, dangerous seizure?
Moderate coffee drinking may lower risk of premature death
People who drink about three to five cups of coffee a day may be less likely to die prematurely from some illnesses than those who don't drink or drink less coffee, according to a new study by Harvard T.H.
Study finds surprising links between bullying and eating disorders
Being bullied in childhood has been associated with increased risk for anxiety, depression and even eating disorders.
Arrested development
New research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is giving important insight into how officer interactions with the homeless can shape their long-term attitudes toward police.
James Webb Space Telescope 'wings' successfully deployed
Recently inside the clean room at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., engineers successfully completed two deployments for the James Webb Space Telescope's 'wings' or side portions of the backplane structure that fold up.
Antibiotic prescriptions increased in study to promote better prescribing for UTIs
An initiative to improve prescribing of antibiotics for urinary tract infections (UTIs) resulted in better-quality prescribing of first-line antibiotics, although the number of prescriptions also increased, according to new research in CMAJ.
Regenerative medicine speeds healing of eye tissue following surgery
New drug found to heal eyes in two days after corneal surgery.
Group Health's lifesaving approach to screening for colon cancer steps forward
Mailing yearly stool kits -- an alternative to the often-dreaded colonoscopy -- has helped Group Health to boost rates of lifesaving screening for colon cancer, according to new research from Group Health Research Institute.
Environment of tumors impacts metastasis, study finds
According to a new study, the microenvironment of a tumor cell has significant impact on cancer metastasis.
Queen's University Belfast lead research milestone in predicting solar flares
An international team of researchers, led by Queen's University Belfast, has devised a high-precision method of examining magnetic fields in the sun's atmosphere, representing a significant leap forward in the investigation of solar flares and potentially catastrophic 'space weather.'
Mysteries of bony fish genome evolution
A new computational tool and mathematical model opens ways for further discoveries in animal genome evolution.
Primordial goo used to improve implants
An innovative new coating that could be used to improve medical devices and implants, thanks to a 'goo' thought to be have been home to the building blocks of life.
Impact of high-fat diet on red blood cells may cause cardiovascular disease
University of Cincinnati researchers have discovered the negative impact a high fat diet has on red blood cells and how these cells, in turn, promote the development of cardiovascular disease.
Pioneering research boosts graphene revolution
Pioneering new research by the University of Exeter could pave the way for miniaturized optical circuits and increased internet speeds, by helping accelerate the 'graphene revolution.'
Overweight men just as likely as overweight women to face discrimination
Men who are overweight are just as likely as overweight women to experience interpersonal discrimination when applying for a job or shopping at retail stores, according to new research from Rice University and the University of North Carolina, Charlotte.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists win 5 R&D 100 awards
Technologies that impact cyber security, increase our ability to detect trace amounts of chemicals, convert sewage into fuel, view energy processes under real-world conditions and forecast future electric needs are among the newest R&D 100 award winners.
Researchers discover sediment size matters in high-elevation erosion rates
Cold, steep, high-elevation slopes with less vegetation produce coarser and larger sediment than low-elevation, gentle slopes.
Study finds High Plains Aquifer peak use by state, overall usage decline
A new Kansas State University study finds that the over-tapping of the High Plains Aquifer's groundwater beyond the aquifer's recharge rate peaked in 2006.
New tech helps handlers monitor health, well-being of guide dogs
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a device that allows people who are blind to monitor their guide dogs, in order to keep tabs on the health and well-being of their canine companions.
Adverse trends in mental health linked to disability assessments
A National Institute for Health Research funded study by public health experts from the University of Liverpool has found that the program of reassessing people on disability benefits in the UK may have had an adverse effect on the mental health of claimants.
Information is contagious among social connections
New research using advanced computer modeling sheds light on how behaviors may become 'contagious' in large groups, showing that the memory of one individual can indirectly influence that of another via shared social connections.
We've got the beat: Astronomers discover a distant galaxy with a pulse
Astronomers at Yale and Harvard have found a galaxy with a heartbeat -- and they've taken its pulse.
International team launches community competition to understand tumor origins and evolution
An open challenge that merges the efforts of the world's largest cancer genome sequencing consortia, the International Cancer Genome Consortium and the Cancer Genome Atlas with those of Sage Bionetworks and DREAM.
Northeastern researchers develop system to control information leaks from smartphone apps
A research team led by Northeastern's David Choffnes has found 'extensive' leakage of users' personal identifying information from apps on mobile devices, including passwords.
Treating epilepsy and brain traumas by neurotransmitters
Kazan Federal University researchers conducted their experiments on hippocampus of neonatal rats and mice, quite similar to the one of a human fetus at the second half of pregnancy period.
Ophthalmology's data science initiative yields important clinical post-surgery insights
The Academy announced important clinical insights gleaned from its IRIS Registry®, the country's only comprehensive database of ophthalmic patient outcomes.
'Fourth strand' of European ancestry originated with hunter-gatherers isolated by Ice Age
Populations of hunter-gatherers weathered Ice Age in apparent isolation in Caucasus mountain region for millennia, later mixing with other ancestral populations, from which emerged the Yamnaya culture that would bring this Caucasus hunter-gatherer lineage to Western Europe.
New fat cell metabolism research could lead to new ways to treat diabetes and obesity
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego report new insights into what nutrients fat cells metabolize to make fatty acids.
Studies show China continues to lag in effective tobacco control
Efforts over the past seven years to reduce tobacco use in China have been strikingly ineffective and leave tobacco use a top threat to the health and economic well-being of the world's largest country, according to research findings by the University of Waterloo's International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project.
'No place' for genetic testing to spot young sporting talent or boost performance
No child or young athlete should be subjected to genetic testing to spot sporting talent or boost performance, concludes an international panel of experts in a consensus statement published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
How depleting the gut microbiota protects from obesity
By studying mice without microbiota, scientists from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, were able to demonstrate how the absence of microbiota has a remarkable effect against obesity.
Gene variant may increase risk of liver disease in obese youth
Researchers have found that a genetic variant is linked with an increased risk of fatty liver disease in obese youth; however, children with the variant tend to have lower total and LDL cholesterol levels.
Effect of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV infection integrated with community health services
The rate of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was extremely low despite a high incidence of sexually transmitted infections in a study where pre-exposure antiretroviral medication to prevent HIV infection was dispensed at clinics in three metropolitan areas heavily affected by HIV, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
UNC researchers find new way to force stem cells to become bone cells
Imagine you have a bone injury but you heal slowly.
New guideline for treating acne in children and adults
A new guideline aims to help Canadian physicians, nurses and pharmacists treat children and adults with acne, a disease that can severely affect quality of life.
Study ranks 6 American cities on preparation for climate change
A new study assesses the factors that affect climate change adaptation and ranks six American cities, finding that Portland, Boston and Los Angeles are all in the advanced to middle stages of planning for extreme weather events linked to climate change while Raleigh and Tucson are in the early to middle stages.
Teens and parents agree: Electronic cigarettes need restrictions
More than three fourths of both teens and adults say e-cigarettes should be restricted in public spaces, come with health warnings and be taxed like conventional cigarettes.
Lung transplant criteria biased against shorter patients
Short people have several health advantages over tall people, including lower risk for cancer and heart disease, and longer life expectancy.
KKH & Duke-NUS study shows patients benefit most from gestational diabetes mellitus screening
A local research study by KK Women's and Children's Hospital and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School has found that pregnant patients benefit most from gestational diabetes mellitus screening as it allows timely interventions and is cost-effective.
Researchers sequence genomes of parasite that is actually a 'micro jellyfish'
This week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of Kansas will reveal how a jellyfish -- those commonplace sea pests with stinging tentacles -- have evolved over time into 'really weird' microscopic organisms, made of only a few cells, that live inside other animals.
Marijuana dependence influenced by genes, childhood sexual abuse
Genetic variation within the endocannabinoid system may explain why some survivors of childhood adversity go on to become dependent on marijuana, while others are able to use marijuana without problems, suggests new research from Washington University in St.
Fossil discovery shows that three previously recognized species are in fact just one
On an expedition in Scotland, researchers recently discovered the fossilized remains of a mouse-sized mammal dating back around 170 million years to the Middle Jurassic.
Microbes that are key indicators of Puget Sound's health in decline
Paleontologists with the University of Washington's Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture find that tiny organisms called foraminifera have a big story to tell about the health of Puget Sound.
Alzheimer's patients' health care costs higher already before diagnosis
The health care costs of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease start to increase already one year before the diagnosis, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
TWAS convenes in Vienna
The role of science in sustainable development will be the focus as more than 300 high-level experts and officials from across the globe open the 26th TWAS General Meeting in Austria.
Kids with Medicaid, CHIP get more preventive care than those with private insurance
Children insured by Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) were more likely to get preventive medical and dental care than privately insured children in a study that compared access and use of health care for children in households with low to moderate incomes, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
Use rectal thermometer for accurate assessment of body temperature
Evidence shows that peripheral thermometers, or those that can be used orally or under the arm, have poor accuracy compared with central thermometers, or those that can be used rectally or at other intravascular sites.
SF State research reveals how climate influences sediment size
In a new paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, San Francisco State University Professor of Earth and Climate Sciences Leonard Sklar and colleagues show how two established geochemical techniques can be combined in a novel way to reveal both the altitude where river rocks were originally produced and the rate of erosion that led them to crumble into the river.
UT Arlington work to safeguard cyber-physical systems made with legacy subsystems
A University of Texas at Arlington computer scientist will work to ensure that using legacy components in cyber-physical systems -- those that have been reused from prior versions of a cyber-physical system in subsequent versions -- will not result in failures due to unforeseen requirements made between software and physical components.
14M Genomics and EORTC and announce first results from their collaboration on tumor profiling
14M Genomics ('14MG') and The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer ('EORTC') today announce the delivery of initial genomic mutation analyses conducted on newly diagnosed cancer patients as part of the EORTC Screening Patients for Efficient Clinical Trial Access (SPECTA) program.
Thrombosis during sepsis is a consequence of protective host immune responses
Researchers from the University of Birmingham have, for the first time, identified how Salmonella infections that have spread to our blood and organs can lead to life-threatening thrombosis.
Rice makes light-driven nanosubmarine
Rice University scientists build nanoscale submarines powered by light.
Scientists fill in the gaps of human hunter-gatherer history
Scientists have sequenced ancient genomes from the Late Upper Palaeolithic for the first time.
Discovery of hidden earthquake presents challenge to earthquake early-warning systems
Seismologists at the University of Liverpool studying the 2011 Chile earthquake have discovered a previously undetected earthquake which took place seconds after the initial rupture.
School choice programs lead to private school revenue gains
As private school vouchers gain popularity and the financial implications become more complicated, one question remains: Does the money spent by these programs ultimately go to poor families, wealthy families whose children would have attended private schools anyway, or to the schools' bottom lines?
Surgeons at NYU Langone Medical Center perform the most extensive face transplant to date
NYU Langone Medical Center announced today the successful completion of the most extensive face transplant to date, setting new standards of care in this emerging field.
Ultra-short X-ray pulses could shed new light on the fastest events in physics
If you've ever been captivated by slow-motion footage on a wildlife documentary, or you've shuddered when similar technology is used to replay highlights from a boxing match, you'll know how impressive advancements in ultra-fast science can be.
Modulating brain's stress circuitry might prevent Alzheimer's disease
In a novel animal study design that mimicked human clinical trials, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that long-term treatment using a small molecule drug that reduces activity of the brain's stress circuitry significantly reduces Alzheimer's disease neuropathology and prevents onset of cognitive impairment in a mouse model of the neurodegenerative condition.
Watch for eyes: Scientists are sure that human thoughts are material
Researchers of Tomsk State University and New Bulgarian University claim that human thoughts are able to materialize an object.
Lowering body temperature increases survival, brain function in cardiac arrest patients with non-shockable heart rhythms
Lowering the body's temperature in cardiac arrest patients with 'non-shockable' heart rhythms increases survival and brain function.
Marginalized groups use the Internet to broaden their networks, rather than reinforce ties
A new research study from Indiana University supports the commonly held view that people from disadvantaged groups are using the Internet to broaden their social networks.
Nephrologists to help find treatment for lupus
Nephrologists at Texas Tech University Health Science Center El Paso have been invited to participate in a national consortium that's investigating the key causes of lupus nephritis -- an autoimmune disease that can cause kidney failure.
A new target for immuno-oncology therapies
By studying a type of immune cells, a team of researchers at the IRCM led by André Veillette, M.D., identified the mechanism of action for a new target for novel immune-oncology treatments.
New study on patterns of electronic cigarette use among adults in the US
Adding to a growing body of research on patterns of e-cigarette use, researchers from Rutgers School of Public Health and the Steven A.
For low-income children, preventive care more likely in Medicaid, CHIP than under private insurance
Researchers have found that children in low-income families experience greater access to preventive medical and dental care under Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) than children covered by private insurance.
Fit older adults are more active
Fitness level has the strongest association with physical activity, followed by gender and season.
Study: Earth's climate more sensitive to CO2 than previously thought
A team of Binghamton University researchers examined nahcolite crystals found in Colorado's Green River Formation, formed 50 million years old during a hothouse climate.
Daniel Rothman to receive 2016 AMS Conant Prize
Daniel Rothman, Professor of Geophysics and Co-Director of the Lorenz Center at MIT, will receive the AMS 2016 Levi L.
Plant metabolic protein tailored for nighttime growth
Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae and select bacteria transform the sun's energy into chemical energy.
Earwigs raised without parents demonstrate limited maternal care of their own offspring
The effect of the loss of parents among animals that could, in principle, survive without maternal care has been researched by scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz using the example of the earwig -- with surprising results.
How new technologies will impact the engineering of biological systems
A new Biotechnology and Bioengineering viewpoint article provides insights on how rapid advancements in DNA reading and writing technologies will impact how researchers go about engineering biological systems, which include processes that occur within and around cells.
Being at 'high risk' of ill health has become a disease in its own right
Classifying an individual as being at 'high risk' of developing a particular condition/disease has become a disease in its own right, and is turning the healthy into the sick, argues an expert in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Accelerating fusion research through the cutting edge supercomputer
At the Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Fusion Science, for the first time in the world, using the newly installed 'plasma simulator' we have simulated deuterium plasma turbulence in the Large Helical Device.
Entomology Professor to Receive National Teaching Award
A University of California, Riverside professor of entomology will receive an award for innovative teaching methods and service to students from the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), U.S.
ORNL wins 6 R&D 100 awards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received six R&D 100 awards, increasing the lab's total to 193 since the award's inception in 1963.
Secret lives of falafel and bagels: How 2 simple foods epitomize the Jewish experience
What do bagels and falafel have in common? A Hebrew University researcher claims the identification of the bagel with American Jewry, and falafel's similar status among Israeli Jews, teaches us about the dynamics of migration and changing self-identification of their respective communities.
The all-rounder among supercomputers
'Eureka!' is what Archimedes is supposed to have exclaimed after having made his extraordinary discovery in the bath tub.
A 'supergene' underlies genetic differences sexual behaviour in male ruff
The ruff is a Eurasian shorebird that has a spectacular lekking behaviour where highly ornamented males compete for females.
Alzheimer's research: New findings
Current Alzheimer's research focuses on the amyloid precursor protein, which is responsible for the formation of destructive plaques in the brain.
Drug driving: Are your meds affecting you?
Warning labels on medications about the dangers of driving are not enough to stop people getting behind the wheel with most driving while affected by drugs, according to Queensland University of Technology road safety researcher Dr.
Van Andel Research Institute expands into new areas of Parkinson's research
Van Andel Research Institute is continuing the expansion of its neurodegenerative disease research program, which aims to answer fundamental questions about diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, with the addition of two outstanding scientists.
Research points to why some colorectal cancers recur after treatment
Cetuximab, marketed as Erbitux, is one of the key therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer.
RNA-based drugs give more control over gene editing
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine demonstrate a commercially feasible way to use RNA to turn the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system on and off as desired -- permanently editing a gene, but only temporarily activating CRISPR-Cas9.
Large-scale modeling shows confinement effects on cell macromolecules
Using large-scale computer modeling, researchers have shown the effects of confinement on macromolecules inside cells -- and taken the first steps toward simulating a living cell, a capability that could allow them to ask 'what-if' questions impossible to ask in real organisms.
Study is first to map Earth's hidden groundwater
The first data-driven estimate of the Earth's total supply of groundwater shows that less than six per cent of groundwater in the upper two kilometers of the Earth's landmass is renewable within a human lifetime.
Moderate coffee drinking may be linked to reduced risk of death
Drinking coffee daily was associated with a lower risk of deaths from Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and neurological diseases in nonsmokers.
Study provides strongest evidence yet of a link between breakfast quality and educational outcomes
A new study of 5,000 9- to 11-year-olds demonstrates significant positive associations between breakfast consumption and educational outcomes.
Children's Research Institute identifies emergency response system for blood formation
Scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have determined how the body responds during times of emergency when it needs more blood cells.
Brain scans illuminate emotional response to sound
Noisy gymnasiums, restaurants where conversations are nearly impossible and concert halls less than perfect for the music are all acoustical problems.
FDA approves new lung cancer therapy for patients who develop resistance
The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer commends the US Food and Drug Administration's decision to grant accelerated approval for osimertinib (TagrissoTM), an oral medication for advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients with a specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation (T790M) and following progression after previous EGFR inhibitor therapies.
Geoscientist Denis Scholz appointed to a Heisenberg Professorship funded by the DFG
Junior Professor Denis Scholz of the Institute of Geosciences at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz has been appointed to a Heisenberg Professorship by the German Research Foundation.
Discovery measures 'heartbeats' of distant galaxy's stars
In many ways stars are like living beings. They're born; they live; they die.
Allen Institute researchers decode patterns that make our brains human
The human brain may be the most complex piece of organized matter in the known universe, but Allen Institute researchers have begun to unravel the genetic code underlying its function.
Why are some wild animals more tolerant to human interaction than others?
Are we loving wild animals to death? UCLA Professor Daniel Blumstein and colleagues analyzed 75 studies conducted over the last half-century of 212 animal species -- mostly birds, but also mammals and lizards -- in areas with large numbers of people and areas with few people to answer that question.
Insights into the evolution of praying mantis camouflage
New research reveals that two different evolutionary shifts toward camouflage investment occurred in the the charismatic horned praying mantises.
How to eliminate pain tied to tooth decay
An abundance of sweets during the holidays increases the threat of cavities and tooth sensitivity.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a stem cell disease
For nearly 20 years, scientists have thought that the muscle weakness observed in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is primarily due to problems in their muscle fibers, but new research published in Nature Medicine shows that it is also due to intrinsic defects in muscle stem cells.
INCITE grants awarded to 56 computational research projects
The US Department of Energy's Office of Science announced 56 projects aimed at accelerating discovery and innovation to address some of the world's most challenging scientific questions.
Gene therapy: A promising candidate for cystic fibrosis treatment
An improved gene therapy treatment can cure mice with cystic fibrosis (CF).

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